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HiSTOKT and description of ai/cient and eminent iBATi 

and STILES of aechitectuee ; in the Prtfenratioli of curious 


remarkable tbnuees^ and in delineations of the face of 



V o u ^^l. 

), O N D O N: 

Printed for Robson, New Bond Street; J. Walker^ 
Pater-nofter Row; and C» Stalker, Stationers Court| 
J^udgate Street; where may be had |he firft Volume* 



P R E F A G E. 

THERE is an bcquidte pleaflire in refcuing^ . 
the memory of pjaft days from the duft feat-, 
tered oVer it by time, which none but thoie en^* 
gaged in the piirfdit paA have an. idea of. Ima^- 
gihation loves to look back upon former ages» and 
fill up the remaining outline, which feems fo dull 
to the incurious, with colours more vivid even 
than they ever poffeiTed in reality. So memory in 
bid-age throws a fairy gleam over the enjoyments 
of youth more enchanting t|ian the light in which 
they appeai-ed when prefent. Thefe are the feel- 
. ings which acftuate the laboiirs of the antiquary of 
true taftc j with the melancholy delight of a Poct^ 
he loves to revivify the features of the dead, and 
the manners and arts of ages that are gone. The 
ftoried windows of churches arid caules^ th? le- 
gends of tonlbs, and the bold figures of the roman- 
tic kiiights of chivalry, which are the objedis of 
his prefcrvation^ repay his toil, by the pleafing ex- 
crclfe they afford his fancy; What can give the 
mipd a fuller field for contemplation than the fub-^ 
jedl of the Ctufadcs, nor can a man of feeling be- 
hold the crofs-legged Warrior without a romantic 
A 2 veneration^ 

[ a ] 

veneratioiit Ti^ich the manners of the preCunt ZQt 
could never raife. 

Is it not delightful, while we are admiring the ' 
bold perfon, and rcfleAin|; on the pious^ zeal^ and 
romaRtiC.mafRfiers bf the anceftdr, to trace. the de- 
fcendant ftill feated on the fame fpot, ftill prcfent 
to protedt the leliques of his glory ? •• It is a ir- 
•* terend thing/* (fays the gffeat and philofophical 
Lttrd Bacon, ^) ^* to fee an anciertt caftle or build- 
•' ing> ftot in decay ; « to fete a fair timber^tree 
•* found and pttfeA : how much more t<;> tchdd 
*^ sui ^nciefii hMeftmHy, W^ich hath ftood againft 
^^ the waves 2tttA Weathers di time. For new no^, 
*^ Mity istttt ttic alft of jio^^r'j \>\it ancient no^ 
^ bilfiyiMhtz€tiXtime:'^ 

* Eflay XIV. 

•f He goes on tbus r ^ Thefe chat vet fifft rnfed Cbr AW- 
Et^y are convmonlj more virtuous, but le& innoceilt| than 
thdr dcfeendants ; for there b rarely any rifing but by« 
mixcure of good and«vHaite^ Bat it is reafon t!hc memory 
df their virtues ttmain tothtir poftdrity, and thetr '{auks dicr 
with themfelves. Nokiiifjf tf Bifthj commonly abateth in- 
^uftfy; and he that is not induftrious, envieth hixn> tiadt isr 
. Befldcs ^Me ^erfonsy cannot go much higher ; and he that 
flaadeth at a ftay, when others rife, can hardly avoid motionsr 
of envy. On the other ftde, Nobility exttngu^fileth the paffive 
envy from others towards them, becaufe they aire in pofloffioi^ 
oT honour. Certainly Kings, that have able men of thetr 
NMliiyy fliall find cafe in employing them, and a better flidier 
, into their buflnefs : *for -people naturally bend to them as bom 
in Jbme fott to poimnaniL'* 


Supported te cAy ioklilitotft liy fiioKaii atttho- 
rity, Icaiimttlidp* k the following h&fty lines, 
exclaimiagt ■'- *• •■ 

Hail, ye boW turrets^ and thou reverend Kh?^ 
That fccm iflAge^ hi>ftry."reft to fimle ! 
Thou noble Arch^ tbro' which the tntfly ^ti 
Opes to yoR tJW in fiow and ftdetxm {bu:e. 
All-hail I F^r here creame Fatacjr reads . ^ 
Of ages piA;fhe iong4b]^otten deeds ; 
Tales wro^e k itiftgtc marks diy avails amoivg(^ ^• 
By Time's fwift <nirrftat as it: ^lafsf'd along. 
Hail, virtuoM face ! WhaSt Sires from age to age 
The gay and grave, thie Soidier and the Sage, 
Here, vh^re ybq ;^U in .happy peace ii>ide, 
^ Cauglit their firft bneadi, jand here iti qmtt died I 
Yes, h^« iko boldOnufadet &<2>]ii his toils 
Returned t' eisgoy his Icng^lcA diildmi^ fmiks c 
Yon piftur'd window, where the doubtful light 
Burfting thro' meJtow panes eiicfaants the fight^ - 
Raised by Ixis hand with Glory's honcft flame. 
Shews the bold Crofs the emblem of his faoae/ 
That Crofs wliich ftill with fpirit undecay'4 
Againft the cruel Spaniard was difplay'd. 
When Raleigh led his bands from fhore to fliore 
New worids with dauntlefs courage to explore. 
Yon old hereditary trees that fpread 
Their rude luxuriant ttmbrage o'er your head^ 
Their gratcftd Ihade, two hundred ftimmcn paft. 
O'er the foft flumbers of your /Fathers caft ! 
O ye wild delis, ye hills with beeches cnownM, 
Ye opening -lawns, that yonder pales furround. 


t i, 1 

within wKofe circuity ilili alanxi'd ^vi^l f^ 
At every quiveriag Icif-Jfell, leaps rfxe deer, 
And^ linreftrain'd by modern bounds, to fincf 
His ancient ranges fhdots before the wind ! 
Nc^ may the Stranger, rais'd by iSwltfs gain^ 
t)ifturb the peaceful Lords of your dofnainei 
Pollute thcfc haunts by cruel rapine won^ 
And ope your haHow'dumbrage td Ac Suh ! 
But the iiwhe race, that blew the bugle horn 
Along thefe echoing woods to cheer the mom. 
When the fourth Harry heard the lively call. 
And grac'd your lord in yonder feaftfuLHall, 
May the fame virtuous race your echoes court,. 
Purfuing ftiU th' hereditary fport. 
And roam in flimmer funs, or rdl, beneath 
Your lovely (hades, and catch your fragrant breatH^ 
And, ftill in death the fame defires to keep. 
In yon low chapel with their fathers fleep J 

But It is neccfiary to return to mbfe fober lan- 
guage, the' it is hoped the hafty efFufions of a irio- 
ment on a favourite fubjcia may not be cxaniincd 
with too Critical an eye. 

The prefcnt Voldmc carried on by the feelings^ 
which' dictated the above lines, has prefervcd many 
memorials of the fplendor of paft times before un- 
noticed.; The MSS. of the Briii/h Mufeum whieh 
are wellrknown, and thofe of the Herald\s College. 
which have been moft obligingly opened to us, 
(and contain, in particular, a colleAion of monti- 
mental and feneftral epitaphs and ornaments, be^u^ 



tifijUy wHttPU* drawp, and tricked, at the eiid of 
fhe Ftfitation-Books, made, after the Rejioration, 
thro* paoft of. thi? Counties in England, by that 
truly cmioent. Antiquary, ,Sir William Dugdak) 
^ord ipexhauftibl^ ftores for future Volumes. A 
ciefire of pcrpetufijingias. many as poffible of thcfe, 
and of what w« were every, day in our oxciwfions 
pollcfaing, with a. wi(h of. obtaining the affift^c« 
' pf Correfpondcnt?, diaated the plan ofamifcel^ 
4ane<?u8 periodical publication,: notwithftanding it 
is fubj^a to foqie cvjjs 4n4 ibaccuradcs, wfaicli 
candid readers. will excufc in- oonfidcration of its 
advantages,.. and P| the iupeiior toil it cofts the 
Editors with whf^ other ««jcation8 it is often in, 
confiftent ; a Ji%«lty not. «ify to be - removed 
^nce a work on this fvibjei^is jjoMikdy foon to be 
Underfal^enhy a writer by^poofeiSon, who- can de- 
^^afe bw whole tim? to it,-^n©r would- the- reader 
probaUy gain, if it was. .. Nothing but'a difinter- 
fftcd love of the fubje^ could involve any pnc id 
iwch an undertaking. ... 
. Engravings were not at firft intended, but we 
were foon furniHied with drawings by our friends, 
the number .9f .^hich has now fo increafed, that 
the only di^culty is fele<aion. We arc not at U- 
J>erty to mention ^lofercfpeaable^ names, hy whofc 
pencils and whofe colkiSipjis yehavc been affifted 
put a fimll book of beaatiful Jkctches from fub- 
^e<as. m Gloucefterfhire and Monmouth/hire juft 
rcccivcci frp^ an iqti^^t« foTOd demands oor par- 


tictilar thftnfes, and «i^ll grace Mf fiidceeding Vo* 

Such were the views of the pkn c^ this vtoik, 
$Xkd at the cloie of the XVth NumW, we hav^ ti6 
leafon Mo be diiccMitonted with k. Many valuable 
pQrirer|»)Dd6iits have according to ourwKhes tdn* 
triboted their afliAjiAce; tod nfe every month eh« 
brging thdr contributiOAs. Wherever we travel' 
ourliblvet^ we find full fobjed of employment, and 
having ia our hands a repodtory, in which every 
fragnMQt may find a place, are induced to notice^ 
and preferve a tbouiand valuable meoKMials that 
had otberwdfe been pafled by, ikll 'it might be too 
late^ to reibiffi them ^msi ddftru^ion. The Ids of 
a day U of coofequence lo thdt which it moulder* 
log. aoder diecfFaSts o£ time. 

Bftit^v(4iile we are ^sterting oUrkhts with the 
giteateft induftry^ we^ cannot help lamenting our ne« 
ce&r^' inability to iAchide die A^^de of our favour^^ 
ite ixibjeifiit arid calling again ^of the ailiftance of 
others in fo multifarious a work. The prefent pre- 
VwHngfC^ftom of Summer excurlions ai^rdsto ma- 
|iy aft op^tunity of noting fome valuable piece of 
aiHiqi^i^or defcribing fofne modern- improvement^ 
of which L the communicafion would not only de« 
light uf-aa private, but afiift us as Editors, and by 
pontrilmetng to the ente^taifimcnft and inftrudion 
of curareaders, excite^a genei^l iitdination to enlarge 
and impiicxve thofe brashes of learhitig/ which are 
' cAibi»atxifouf work- ^ '-'^-' • 

Enpnzved far thr Topotpnph&nfbrJafi^tj^, 

^* J/u\itfJ^ ' 

Clifton CAmviie Church. Stafford shibJ 

^hU/hed a* the ^ot dCrectt.I^ff. t;yff. by IJioi^on . Bond. Street ifb . 




A Tariety of Original Articles, 



▲ K D 



For JANUARY, 1790. 

Being No. I. of Vol. II. 


fRiftory of Clifton CamTJlle, Staf- 

<Greit ' Marlow, Buckingham' 

(hire 17 

Tour thro* Midland Counties 19 
Some Account of Green wich^ in 

Kent, &c. 30 

'Church Notes at Tillinghain, 

Edex 34 

>Furthcr Confulerationa «< whctlicr 

the Writ, &c. 35 

Three Idyls, written at Anchor 

Church, Derby (hi re 39 

« Cannock, Stafford (hi re 41 

Norton SubtvC Cannock, Stafford* 

(hire ' 41 

:Monuraental Infcriptions in Caftor 

Church, &c. 43 

Jimbelliflied with an Elegant Engraving of Clifton Camvile 
Church, Staffordshire, knd another of aa Ancient 
Font, in Ashover Church, Derbyshire. 


Printed for R o b s o k, Ne^ Bond Street, J. Clarke 
No ^,Ncw Bond Street; J. Walker, Patcr-nofter Row; 
and C:., Stalkir, StaMoncrs Court, Ludgare Street ;- of* whom 
»inay be had Vol. I. now complete, with Twelve Engraviogs, «iul 
qa>cQpiouttiadez, or any fiogle Numbers. 

Cheneys Chapel, Buckingham- 

(hire 45 

Hiftory of Mansfield, in Notting- 
ham fliire 47 
Review of Gough's Camden, Bark* 

(liire SI 

— Surrey 54 

Su(rex 55 

■ -— Kent 56 

Review cf the Domef-day Book of 

HampOiire, &c, 57 

Ancient Font in A(hover Church, 
* Derby (hire 61 

'Angu&*s Views of Seats- ib* 

Catalogue of Paintings 63 

Acknowledgements to Correfpond* 
ects 64 



N U M B. X. 
For JANUARY, 1790. 

BeiQg No. L of Vol. II. 

AuT. I. Hiftory efCRft$n CamvilU, Stafford/bin, 
( By a Corr^Jpondgnt. ) 

/^LIFTONCAMVILLE, a manor filling op the moft caftcm 
^^ angle of the county of Stafford, (rhe point of which angls 
has been commonly fuppofed to meet the weftern point of Lei- 
cefter(hire» in the center of a crofs, dug, antiently no doubt; io 
the turf of a fmall wafte, calPd No-man's Heath, but appeara 
ttiuch more probably to be feparated from the UR county by aa 
interval of about half a mile ;) was held; accordiiig to Erdfwic 
before the Conqueft, by Earl Algar, and in 20th of the Conqneror^ 
by theXing, In 9th E. II. (the date of the record call'd Nomina 
Villarum») he fays Sir William Camvjle was Lord thereof, and 
that it had then been thi: feat of the Camviles for many defcentf. 
Burton, (Leicefterftiirc In Ncwton-Burdett) gives, incorrefily, 
thofe defcenis for 5 generations preceding William : but Dug* 
dale*" feenis to correA that account in a manner to be depended 
on, citing all along his authorities as ufual. None of the three 
authors lay when or how Clifton firft came to the family of Cam- 
vili, Camvile, or Caampvy)e, (for it is written in thefe and va- 
rious other ways :) but it appears to have been poflefTed by GeU 
frey, elded fon of William Camvill, by Albreda, daughter and 
heir of Geflrey Marmion, (which Albreda, who was married in or 
before 1 ich John, brought to the Camvills great part^ her huf-^ 

• Warwickihirc 1730, p. S45, 

2 Hijtory ofCKfion Camvillfj Staffar^in. 

band having about 24th H« ll, •purchafed the other part^ of 
Secklogdon» a neighbooriog Lordfhip to CliftOD, but in Co. 
Warw. and alfo that of Arrow 10 the lame County ; both whicb^ 
by an heir female of the Kne of hor 2d io% .weat to Robert Bur* 
dett;) and Dugdale fays» William^ the hufband of Albreda« was 
a. younger foQ oJF Richard de CamviU, founder of Combe Abbey, 
Co. Warw. This Qeffrey. married M^^ grand-daughter and 
heir of Henry Dc Tracy, by whom he t)ccame feized of Barnftable, 
and other large eAates in DevonOiire. He had fummons to Par- 
liament from 23 to 34. Edw* I ani dkd 2 £dw. 11. leized (inter 
alia) of the LordOiip of Clifton-Camville, which he held by the 
fervice of three Knights Fees; leafipg WiUiam.hisihn and hdr» 
XL years of age. VVhicb VVilliaifi had alfo fummons to Parlia« 
ment in 2 and 4 Edwr. II.* and was Lord of Clifton Cam?ilie^ 

Edw^ IL This eflate then paflTed to Sir William's beir^ or 
heirs, female, for here again the three geneal(^ifts difier. 
Erdfwic (in* Pype) gives him but oiie daughter, Maud, married 

1 ft to Richard Vernon, and after to Sir Richard Sufibrd» 
Kot. 2d fon of Edmund^ Baron of St4fFQr4« ^urtOQ makes tmp 
idav^hters, Maud married to Sir Richard Stafford, of Pipe C^. 
Stafford, and Mary married to Sir Richard VetnoD, of mddoq 
Co. Derby. Dugdile fays, The heir female, caUed I&bell, wais 
wedded to Sir Richard Stafford. And a not^ by le Neve f citesl. 
« Fin. lev. XV. Mich. XXV. E. III." •« Sir Richard Stafforcf 
'and ICibell his wife, coufins and heirs of WiUiam de Campvilt, 
and Albreda his wife, rcleafed to the Abbot of Combe, &c.*^ 
Finally, the late Dr. Vernon, Reftor of filoomsbury, ia ?n inter- 
leaved copy of the printed Erdfwic, (now in the library of Mr •^ 
Aftle,) has left the fjllowing notes, facing pages 165, 166. 

. XW illiam de Camvileof CliftoBBaron bad iifue 5 daughters and 
heirs, viz. Maud, eldeft daughter, wife of Sir William Vernon, 
of Haddon Co. Derby. 2. Ifabella, wife of Sir Richard Stafibrd^ 
of Pipe Co. Staff rcmiirried to Gilbert de Birmingham. 3. Elel 
anor. 4.. Nichola uxor Job. St. Clere. 5. Catherine osbor Ro. 
bert Griefty. Efch. Wallise anno 12, Ed. III. 

•* Vernon married Camvilc's daughter, and had Cliftoa with 

♦ Da^d. Bar. I. 616. Sec alfo Top. Vol. T. p. fttj. It appearrtb* 
hetrefs of Traci had another lni(b<ind, Martin dc Tours, whom, as the 
idue by him fucceeded co the Devonrliire eftate«» ilie probably mimtAfirfi. 
See Du{;. Bar. 1. 724. 

t Dugd. Warwick, edit.' 1730, p. aaj. 

X £x MSS. Herald^.per £. \!ttnou^ 


Hijlory tf CRfidit CafHmHe, Stc^rdflAfe. j 

^tx^ — vide « deed of the Dgke of Ruthad N. 6, feiw date- 
Flowef* in his vifttation of Staifordfhire 1583, p. 24, recites s 
deed inter Matild. de Vernon, Dom. Richard de Stafford, and 
If«bellam .nzorem ejus ex la. parte,, et Doo). Joh. de GneOy h, 
Alidam uxorem ejus ex altra parte.-— Dat« 22, £• lif. 

Sigtil. Maiiid. d^ Venion Sigill. Richard de Stafford . 

i« Vernon and Gaoivile. . 3 Biartlets a chevron, 

Sigill, Ifabells de Scafibrd annexed to this deed, 
contains Stafford, Camvile, and Vernon's arms, 
if Efcb. Waliae above-cited mean, as ic Should feem, the loqms; 
poft mort. Will. Camvile^ and be accurately quored by Dr; 
Vernon^ and thofe viiiofn be copies, the number at leaft of Camr 
vile*s daughters feems afccrtained. Fiowever, none of the above 
authorities cootradift Erdlwic and Dugdale as to Sir Richard 
Stafford's ii^ife, whatever was Iier name, becocning in fa A heir of 
Clifton. Bvt there is a very firong appearance as if her title were 
redly detiv'd thro' a Vernon, and (he herfelf, not fifter, but 
daughter to Matilda, who was party with her and her hufband 
to the Tall mentioned deed. For, not to lay Arefson what is dated 
from the Doke of Rutland's deed, (fioee *tis pof&bie perhaps 
that Clifton might be given to that oneof feverai dauf^hters wham 
Vernon Darried, and yet have defcended afterwards to Ifabeila 
for want of Iflue of the others ;) how came the arms of Vernon 
upon the feal of Ifabeila de Stafford, if (he bore no other relation 
Jto that family than being merely After to a Vernon *$ wife? Not* 
withAanding the extreme confufion and want of method fre* 
<[Q^tly feen in old quartering?, the circumflance feenis ftrikingly 
. paiticalar.->-Sir Richard Stafibrd is ufuailydenomioated of Pipe^ 
a manor about two miles Weft of Lichfield, which according to 
ErdiWic came to him together with Clifton from William Cam vile, 
who had married the daughter and heir of Sir Thomas Pype, 
"Lord of Pype, 26th (query £. I. And agreeably to this 
account moft of the monumental and other atchievements of Cam- 
▼ille's pofterity quarter the arms of Pype. The Staffords of Pipe 
bore 3 martlets fa. (on the antient coat of Staffoid) for difference* 
On the death of Sir Richard's (bus and grandfon, his daughter 
called KaiberiBe, by Erdfwic, ^ being heir of Clifton and Pype/* 
married Sir John Arderne, Knight, of Elford, Co. Staff a ma- 
nor near adjoining to Clifton. And they, according to the fame 
author, had iffue Maud, married to Sir Thomas Stanley, 2d foa 
of Sir John Stanley, (who died 1413, Knight of the Garter, and 
Ueuteaant of Ireland, aad was according to the printed pedigrees, 

B 2 a younger 

4 Hifiory of Cli/ionCamvlUe^ Staffirijhii^e. 

ft yotioger fon of the Sjtaoleys of Hootbn, Co.Cheft.) bjr Ifabelldi 
beirefsof Lathom. "^Buta monamental pMigreein Elford churchf 
ftf William Brooke, who pbflTefled part of the Ardcrn cftaces, and 
died 1641, exhibits another Sir Joba Arderfae, fpn to fhe former^ 
aod gives him a wife Mattldis, ipvhofe arms are Ar. a croft pa* 
tohce Gu. voided of the tield;* making Matildis the wHebf Srlin* 
ley, daughter to Sir John Arderoe, jon. ' Be this as it may/ S|)r 
Thomas Stanley had by Matild'. Ardernci Sir John, whofe mo- 
nument remains at Elford, and a fac-fimile of its infcrtption may 
ht feen in Peggc's Syliogc, Bibliotheca Topographica Na« XCl.) 
It runs thns : Orate pro anima dni Johanis Stanley mllitis quondai^ 
dni de Pype Clyfton Caumpvyle Elfordect Stotfolde et hujos cao- 
tuarie ^t capelle fundator) anno dni mlmo CCCCmo fepmagefi- 
mo quarto. '* Siotfolde," now written Statfold, is a fmall maoor 
Adjoining toClifton^ poiTefTed fince 1565 by the family of Wol^ 
ferftani Wolfrefton, or Wolverfton, (the principal line of which 
was of Wolverfton and Freiion Hoofe, both near Ipfwich G>; 
Suffolk) of whofe fucceflion to Statfold, Erdfwic gives a grofsly 
wrong account. • 

In Sir John's hiftory are fomc points not yet cleared up. The 
books of the College of Arms give him three wivesi, in whicll 
they are perhaps right : but in the whole article of him and bis 
defcendants they are in general' untommonly confuifed, miflakeo» 
and even felf-contradi6lory, Erdfwic is much lefs full, and not 
more correct. We muft henceforth follow better guides, tho? 
both the Ijft may poffibly help out occafionally. That he had ^t 
lead two wives is certain, from the inquHitions and deeds which 
will be juft now quoted. By decd-j- of i6th February, 3ot)i. 
Henry VI. (145^) Sir JoRn Stanley and liiizabetli his wife; 
<the fame in all probability, Elizabeth and Ifabella^ being formerly 
perpetually confounded, who is regifter'd in the Coliegt of Arms 
ns bis fecond wife, by the name of Ifabclia^ daughter of Sir Rich- 
ard Vernoniy of the Penke, arid who is alfo mentioned as Sir 
John's wife, and daughter of Sir Richard Vernon, fometimes 
called Pembruge, in the Vernon Pedigrees', in Collins and Ed- 
mundfon^ Baronage,) were feifed of lands in Tamworth, Wig- 
ginton,and many other places in the County of Stafibrd,in-tail fpt* 
cial, remainder to Thomas, fon of Sir John in-tail» remainder to Sir 
John in fee. And by deed of 6th Oflober, 37tH Henry VI, 

• Thcfe *re the srms of Pilkington. (Edtt§r) 

t Inyf. p. more U. Scaalej, (P. infpcx^ penes Richard AVatkini 

€lc« ; .■•'■■'■. \ '< • ; ■ , ''' 


tB/lory 9/(Xftcn Canto tBi, Staffird/Uri. f 

14^8, thcT were fitifed of CliftoD, Haaoton, (a Member of Clif* 

fon^) AiUfoo, (qocry where ?) und other landa io the Coaoty of 

Stafford* io-tail fpecjal, rep^aindcr.toSir John in fee. They 

liad iilfae Humphrey* •who afterwards enteral into all the abofe 

lands, &c. bat was dif-reifed by John, foo of Sir John, (by t 

jfoitner wife.)' To termiogte the foits between the two brothers^ 

'(delbribed as John Stanley, Efq. and Sir Hamphrey Stanley^ 

Km.) an award was made in 6lh Henry VII, (about 1491,) by 

Sir William Stanley^ then Lord Chamberlain, and fecond coufin* 

to the litiganu; which orders, that John (hould convey to Maft^r 

Henry Edyall^ and William Harper, Efq. the manors of Pype 

and Clifton, and all or moft of the other premifes above-mention- 

ied ^ who fliould re-convey them to Sir Humphrey in-uil*generalt 

Remainder to the right heirs of Sir John their father. Parfuanc 

-|o this award, Edyall and Harper recovered the premifes againft 

John Stanley, but {till remained feized of them till fome years 

mfter the deaths, both of Sir Humphrey and John his fon, as it 

ipisems by the deed of 13th Henry VlII, hereafter mentioned* 

$ir Humphrey married Ellen, daughter and heir of Sir James 

Lee, (<rf Stonp, according to the pedigree at the College of Arms) 

Md thdrebyt acquired the manor of Afton jusLta Stone,in the Coun- 

ty of Stafford, and granted part of the lands of Walton, Bucwef- 

jton, and Stoke, all iii that neighbourhood. He lived at Pype, 

nnd lies buried under a marble, plated with brafs, on the floor of 

)he chapter (4 St. Nicholas, in Weftminftcr Abbey, with his 

effigy m the habit of a Knt. and this infcriptioar. '* Hie jacet 

^utnfridus Stunley noiles pro corpore excellentiffimi Principis 

iFienrici fepti'mi Regis Angliae qui obiit 12. Martii anno Dom. 

nilltfimo 'qningentefimo quinto cnjus animae propitietur Deus. 

Amen." Toward each corne.r of the marble is, or was once, a 

brafs Qiield,' and about \\k center a large one of four quarters ;' 

I. quarterly, Stanley and Latham; 2. $taff:>rd of Pipe; 3. Pipe; 

4« Campville s according to Keepe: but Yis now defaced* The 

four fmall ibields borie in all probability the fame arms as the 

fonr qnarters'refpe^tively of the central one; the firft and fecond 

at leaftdo fo; the third and foqrth are defaced or carried off. 

^ir Humphrey had feveral' children, the elder of whom, John, 

of Pipe alio, ,was born about 1481, and di^ in vig. Scti Joh. 

^apt. 6th Henry Vlil, agd June, 15 149 leaving by Margaret, 

* Peer«M and Bsrtge, tit* Derby and Stanley of Alderly. 
t firdfjic in Afton,' 

r • '• •" • 

daughter 6f Sir ThomM Osmrdf* two dtughter* hii'cdhdft, 
Elizabecht i^d elcv^» tod Ibbeflft, aged nincf By the Iq«^ 

£is; Poft mort. of Sir Humphrey aad Jdbn hU fon, Clifton to 
lod holdea of the Dstcby of Lancafter, as of the hodbnr of 
Tutbory. Elizabeth, elder daoghter of John Staoiey» £^. of 
Pipe, was married to Sir John Hercy» of Grove, in the County 
of Nottiogbam, aod Ifabeiia to Walter Moylej of KedF^, add 
in 13th tieory Vlli, about 152a* R. Kdyail, heir (we may 
ibppofe of the funritiog Truftee, iki pUrfuance of the tfwaft4 
before- mentioned, and of a decree in Chancery, granted and 
confirmed^ to Llizabeth, Lady Bercy, find to the heirs •f this 
body of Sir Hu'ophrey. Stanley, the moieties of Clifton, Pype» 
Haonton, and Ailon, Cavii^ the rigb^of Richard Huddleftbn, ^and 
JMargery hts wife, Elizabeth Ferrera, and Chriftopher Savage| 
Thde u ere the coheirs^ (or their repr^fentatives) of John Stair* 
ky of Elfbrd, bet Weeir whom aod his youngar brother Sir Hmit* 
^hrey» the awaf d w^a made ; Marg^ery Huddldloo beiog his grdic 
gsand-danghter, daughter and heir of Shr WilUam Smythe, by 
Anne, his 2d wife, daughter and heir of Williai|i Stadnton,: Efif. 
and Margerie his wife, ddcft of the three danghtera and eoheira <£ 
the faid John Staoley; klhu Ferrers, aaotfaa* of thofe very thrae 
daqghters, (as it wotfld fcem ; for one of them is conftantly given 
as the wifieof a Perrdrs of Tamwortb Caftle, tho^ Dugd^Casd 
othera call her Matilda, add her father John Scflnley, Kaight ; 
and there is no heir female, nor any Elizabeth dther heirc& or 
not, in any fubfeqncni part of the Ferrers pedigre^, who can po(» 
flbly be foppefed the reprefentative in 1522, ^ John Sunley's, 
ad daughter ; and the Elizabeth in the Salvo of Edyaii's grant df 
that yeur might very poffibiy be that fecoad danghter hcrfelf, 
and yet have at the faara time a grand niece at wonian's eAare» 
And married to Richard Huddlcfton ;) and laftty, Chriftopher, a 
.dcfc^ndant (or elfe huiband) of the thiiHl daughter. Querf here, 
how A^oA could, under the award, be veAad in EdyiA, if ti was 
really no pvt of Sir John the father's eflate, but came (as Erdc. 
makes it) to Sir Humphrey by his wife Elena Lee ? Ailfton, com- 
prifed tn the fettlemeotof 1458, has been vainly fought in Staf- 
. ford(faire, and by an inquirer long and clofely attentive to the very 
asinntsae of its Topography. Might not that be the old way oif 

* Em ftemro. in Coll. Arm. 

t loqiiill p. morti John Sta&lev, (?• iifpez ) ps- prxd. R. Wt. ^ 

3 £x atttogr. ps. prxd. R. Wi. * • 

\ in He mm* Ferrers de Tam worth. 


%fite^ Aflon^ The books of .OalL Arm. howttner^ ^poic 
£ndf«ic 10 GBHiog'Sir UomphiiejFvS wifeEHto, 4aagbc«r«nd faetr 
^ Sir. James iios.; ^od they aife» 'it maj be obfisrved* give Sir 
joho, a Ldgfa^for his Aiurd wife : but while ooe vifiution or book 
calls her Dolda^ dapghter of Leigh,.of Boothe^ (Co..CbeftOa&o<« 
ther has it JDonthjr, .daoghler of Le^h of Bagpley, ia the fame 
Ck>pnty. :Whioh arewje tofolkwi 'Tlsfiiitber obTenrablc shoe 
tile joaoorof StotfbideibcfoK^mauGioiKd appears, JKtfwithftand* 
iDg what £rdr«k fays of iu defoen^inginnn Camvil to Stanley, 
toliave been pofTefled by a family of the aame of de kitLce, (or at 
thigdak vrkes It ', ley, aad Lea,) from December iiaabt 
^pibeD it was.gnwted * (at leaft a coofidcrabk/pait) by Raiif uaA 
fat, of iDraytoQ, to Joha de la Lee of Dmyaoo, aod Apke, (aKao 
Alice)'his .vrife^ and the heirs of j6bD,4o.|iboQt i^)ril*-Jaoe 147 1, 
frb^ Richard Ascher, (pragenisor of Lord AnAer,} th^furviriDg 
biiflMidof Attccde la Lee, gcaiid«daDgbscr of tbe:formfar, aod 
poffefled of Stolfold for his life,t died. Yet the epitaph of «ir 
John .S!ipmley,«uho according to GoUlns, (edit. 1768,) died as 
oarly as i6th £. ^IV, (147^ drciteri) cafis hhn Dom. de Slot^ 
folde* fiir>Hampiirey alfo is fobodby the InqaifithM, (after it 
faasMioiie.imth ftadiig the aboiraincnticoed ieitlements aiid coa*« 
fequeot award,) to have been feiled >pf Stotfoid, aod to l^i^ 
tfiamf toftofied hiafoh 'John, aod Margaret his wifei and -the 
bctisof John. How did it pals, (if it did pafs,) after Archer's 
death 14^1, to Bu* John? Was it by the feme title as Aftoo, 
wliicht » the lame plade widi Aitfton, was hb, w^ bafe feeo, in 
1458? Was it after all Sir Joho^s firft wiie (who has so nlaidea 
flaaaeat College of Anns*) that was a Leigh, Lee, or dehr Lee I 
To thefe and other qoeflioos, which might be fogged, a hikU 
fdSoryanfwer may perhaps begiTeo,if thelnqnifiilooes pod morr* 
and will of Sir John Stanley, aad efpecialiy the above meotiooed 
tlectee in Ohaocery can be foondl and when the Inquifitions aod 
fviil of Richard Archer, which had b^eo feeo before the editing 
of Collms 17S8, ihall have been aiore particolarly coofulted. 
£rdfwicbas Bothiog aboot the Lees^forther back than the parenu 
«of Sir James, whom he calls William aod Maud Lee of Knight^ 
Jey ; and how Aftoa, &c. catne to the pofTeflioD of William and 
ltaid,iaya be, i cannot yet learn. Tlie Inqais. p. mort^c of 9^ 

* 8a aatagr. penei S. Pipe Wolferftu Jurifconrulr. 
t 9. Watw. cd. t730, p, %%if 7io,.aou, 7I1. Picmui in ColK^ 
176a, V. 7. p. SS9. 


8 Hlftory tfCSftm CamviQi, SUfifd^n. 

Homphrqr Sttnley does not mentioo his wife ; oor is Ihe notfcerif 
oo bis tomb ftone* iho* ikid to be fo oonfidersble ao betrefs. Baf 
Adther does Sir John's tomb afibrd aoj light about his^^riFet i 
£> that no argomeot can be drawn from the omiffioo on Sir 
Humphrey*!. And it is fomewfaat particular, that iirthe before- 
mentioned monument of William Brooke* which is decorated 
with a feries of alabaOer Ihields exhibiting the arms, empaled, of 
each couple in the defcent, beginning with Sir Richard Stafford 
and wife, the (hieM of Sir John Stanley, as al£b that of his foo 
John, has been left bfamk on the finifter fide. 

Walter Moyle, who married Ifabella Stanley; was feifed of 
her whole pnrparty of her father's eftates. They had an only 
child Mary, who married Eraimas He?eningham, a younger 
brother of the Hetening^ams of Suffolk \* and died before her 
father Walter Moyk. On the latter*s death loth Dec. i5^8,t 
Chriilopher Heveningbam, bom about April 1540, fucceeded to 
the eftates of his grandmother Ifabella, and married Dorothy, 
who according to the Coll. Arm. was IiabelU*s coufin*gcrman^ 
being daughter and heir of William Stanley, (there caU'd of Af- 
ton,) a younger brother of John of Pipe. This feems lefs ex* 
craorcKnary when we obferve that Ifabella Moyle was but afi^at 
35i 7^^< ^^"^ ^^ ^^^ grandfon. 

)On 12th March 1564, Sir John tod Eliz. Hercy covenanted:^ 
with Chiftq>her and Dorothy Heveningbam to levy, a fine of aU 
ihctr moieties in Co. Stafford, late of Sir Humphrey Stanley, 
by the names of the manors of Clifton, Pype, and AQon, iand 
lands in many other pbces, (omitting however Stotf. afordTaid,) 
to the ufe of Chriftopher and Dorothy, and the heirs of the body 
of Chriftopher, remainder to the heirs of the body of Dorothy, 
remainder tp the heirs of the body of &ir Humphrey, rensatnder 
to the right heirs of Sir John Stanley, rendering ^.65 rent for the 
lives of Sir John Hercy and Lady* And on 25chof the fiuie 
month, Sir John gave a power of Attorney to his beloved John 
Stanley, of Thouryfbye, (Thoresby) Co. Nottingham, Gene 
(query who this John Stanley's father f) to deliver the deed of 
Covenants to Chriftopher Hcveningham. Chriflopher being ihus 
pofTefled of Elizabeth Hercy's moiety as well as his grandmotber'si, 
mMc ^ ^^^^ fettlemeot of .the whole cAate, dated 26th l<lbvem« 

^ Erdfwic in Afton. ^ , 

t IfiQuKicionct poft mort. Gualt. Mpyle ct Chriftonher Hevsniaghsm , 
(per infp^xs.) ps. pr»d. R. W'n* * ^ 

I J^ auccigr. p8» pncd. R. Wi. 


Sift4ry rfOiftA CamvUUy Stafir4Jbire. 9 

I . ^^ 15^9) and died a^d ApriU 1574. Walter, his foff nl 
heir, borD 25th Jul jr, 156a, lived at Pipe- hail; and about 4th 
Car. (being then Sir Walter Meveoiaghaai, Knt*} fold Clifton, in* 
eluding Hannton, to Lord Keeper, Coventry. Pipe and Aftas 

I ftill remain, as does Statfold, in the defcendants of the Stanleys. 

\ The two former belong to the family f>f Weld, of Lulworth 

Caftle, Co. Dorfet^ who bad them by ad heireis of the SimeoqSy 
as thefe laft had by an heirefs of Heveningham. Clifton remain- 
ed in the Coventry family till about 1700, when it was again 
fold to Sir Charles Pye^ Bart, defcended from the Pyet of the 
Meende or Mynde park, near Kilpec Caftle, Co. Hpxford, 
whom Mr. Noble in bis Cromwell Memoirs makes to be the 
lame fitmily with the Kilpecs, calling them Pye de Kilpec, of 
Kilpec Caftlc' in the Mynde*p8rk» and the name Pye a contrac- 
tion of ap Hngh. It might be no eafy matter to trace outMr» 
Nobhe's authority for thia firft part of his Fye*pedigrte, as:bi» 
%ay of giving authority is only by the lump at each chapter's 
end nit is certainly quite incoiiiulent with other writers, particu- 
larly with the extraA from Dugdale's Bge. I* 597, quoted in* 
Gentlenuin's Magazine, 59, p. 781, but aocordtng to what tt^ 
thfde fttbjoined to that extraA, the Pyes might perhaps be fome-' 
ti nes called de Kilpec, from pofleffing the caftle fubfequently to 
the family of that name. Sir Charles Pye built at Clifton the two 
wings of a houfe, which was intended on fo large a plan, that . 
he never began the centers ; and one of thofe wings has fincer 
ferved his family as their manfion, and the arches for ftabling, Sec. 
After the deaths of his fons Sir Richard and Sir Robert, (the 
kft a Clergyman in whom the title ended,) and of his three- 
daughters, Rebecca, Pbiiippa, and Mary, who all five died unmar- 
ried, and of Mary the furviver, on 14th Dec. 1774, Clifton and 
Haunton went by the will ofMary, and as fettled by her and.Phi* 
lippa between themfelves, to the late General John Severne» of 
Shrewsbury and Clifton-ball, Lord of the Manor of the Foreft 
of the Hayes, Co. Salop, in or near which he had an old man* 
lion called WalIop»hall, and fon and heir of Thomas Seveme, by 

h Elizabeth, elded filler of Sir Charles Pye, for life, (who was 

buiiedat Ciifton, 17th July, 1787, st» 89;) remainder to the 
prefent owner the Rev. Richard Watkins, ReAor of Rock* Co. 
Worcefter, fecond fon of Richard Watkins, late ReAor of 
Clifton, who }vzs fon and heir of Charles Watkins of Aynhoe, 
Co. Northampton, Efq. by Anne, another lifter of 'Sir Charles 
Pye, in tail-male; remainder to his brother the Rev. John Wat« 

C Wtt'j. 

1 ^ mjkrj if (if urn Cmmn%y Sfajfofd/Krt. 

kins».tow BeAor of Clifton la iid^nak} reantoder to R. J.Pyc, 
Kl^ ttow reprcfcDtatifc of Cerki, defrcqcted from an elder branch 
to Sip John Pye, (created Baronel, 1664,) fsitber of Sir Charles. 
'fJQ^mx^u Watkns, elder brothcf of the prefent Lord of Clifton, 
tocib the nine of Mcyfey oa the dlaie of Shahenhorft, Co. Wor- 
cistor» behig dcvifed ro hia by Ms mother's t>roitler» the Rer,_ 
JlriiQ Mflyfiiy* laft bcb loake of idat fiimUy, ki 1764; aad mar* 
riid W» cottlia Aoim^Mariay cldcft of the two heirs-general, the 
dMihters of the Rct. Thomas Meyi«y» yoanger brother of Jobo* 
The Ud Charles Watktns Meyi^y dying a Ihort time before Mrs.. 
^hry ?j9k aod leaving only a daughter Anna-Maria^ fble hdrefs 
ot SlMkenhusft, Mrs. Fye devifed Clifton as beforementiooed. 
Jt is iemarhiAl^eaongb thatMn Watktns the nov owner of 
Cahnk 18 dffcenied. (aocord'Hig to a MS. table drawn np by 
BMhop P«cy» vdio la related to bis mother's family,) thro* the 
fimiUes ol lfifayfcy« Pembmge, BaiBeiViile, Tonchet, and And^ 
W^ ftof» Idonea, wife of the ad William Longepee, Earl of 
S^Ubory, and dan^^tar aad heir of Riehard de CamvtHct grand- 
iin (by the eMer Tine) of Richard abovementioned, founder of 
Gomhrf which Richard the grandfethert was probably Lofd of 
Clifiop« CUftoft aad Haumoo fom an exteofiTe and valuable 
lordOiip of fi>me thoafimd acres, afaaoft intirely the property of 
tfie lord, incept a common of abotrt 400 acres, oa which the 
freeholdavs of feme neighbonrhaig matK)rs chum hcrbfge. The 
^Ui^e a pretty large one, is diflaat icn miles eaft from Lichfield. 
The very beamifiil fpiro aad tower of the church well deferve 
fboie mennrial of its buildiag, &c. bnt aaoe fnch has yet beta 
fotiad.* Twa vetfy haadfome moonmeotsof Sir Charles Pye 
and his two foaa exhibit an atchieveoaent oi fix coats, viz. i« and 
#k Pye^ a. Sa. a Hon p^ant, ar. laog. Gu. 3 Pier pale Gn. and 
Sa^ \ fioa rampant, ar. in his paws a tree az« 4. Scndamoref (of 
Squdamore) 5.,Croker(of fialtisford^f in theCouqty of Gloncefter. 
In Ciiftoa parifliare two chapels, Harlaftonand Cbildcote» or 
C^hilcocei both places <)aite diAitiQ manors from Clifton an4 
Chileoce, not in the fame Oonhty but in Derbyfhire. Harta(h>n» 
according to Erdfwic, ^as at the compiling of Domefday, Itki^ 
Clifton, in the King's hands; and in or before Henry Ill's time 
poQTeQed by Gilbert Fraoceyfi. Erdfwic next, in his ufnal way^ 
gives a Aring of cfariftiaa names, almoft withoat dates or marci- 

• Sec the1*tate. 

;t M« >k>bU \l, tea. • I as. 

fet of the Vcraooii whom lie makes o<irai^«of if from Sir 
aiiam,. J^ce of Cbefter^ istfa HeOry III| to Sir OqOii«, 
(t&e King of the Peake,) who died 1565 1 one of Whofe daiigk* 
teri aad cobelra Margaret, «rift of Sir Tbomas Staliky, fecood 
ioQ of Edward, Earl of Derbjr* had a fee Ed^rd 6raidej» df 
Toog Caai<^ afterwards Kot. of the Bach, Lord <lf I«trlaihNi» 
when Erdfwic wrote. The odkibo^ of CoHins ia 1768 and 177^ 
differ greatly from Erdfwk, and from each oUmr io the ferift jof 
the VemoBS : that of 1768 however is, upon the hct of it^ full 
of the grofleft errors. It tnakes Harlafteo to couse to a Robert Ve^-* 
moo, by the daughter of Gilbert Fraoteys: but about what tiinty 
foch is the evident mif-priniirtg of dates, it isimpOffible t6 di6^ 
ver. The latter ediiioo meptioos HarlalUo Am* the fitf\ timei aa 
the feat of William Verooa, ion of the hairi or Coheir, of Cam* 
ville. What moi% has been foood of ih^ V^eraods 6f Harlafton, 
apjpears oo the tomb of Sir John Vernoa^ ia CUftoo CtmtA, tte 
inlcriptioo ou which fbUows: 

Oft aa haodlbme Altar-tomb, with the figoies of a ihao and iis 
wUe recumbeiiC 

^^ l^taffovtf^e fallen ol&pr t^n Hmmiy luqfflrt. 

t|t wiV^Sf^ Counfel fn Wuifftf anh €vi$si VittsOximm 
tt du Ctanm tit a>erbpe, m tej'cle tpet at 1»arlailftii 
t^e f£^ tii? 01 J^ebr« in t^e pete ot otoec Horn (Ettti M^ 
CCCCC^I. and ir- in t|e ^^¥913 tmsdVie^ti 
4^ 923l33lt|9 01^ tx>|o(e folk (EToQ ^ite meet^ 

A flueld of arms on ooe (ide this tomb is ^Mrtered fai iMa 
ferm. Firft quarter, quarterly of four; iiecood Marier, tifi 
coats poiervUe; the lower half three coata palewiiri of wbkA 
firft and fom-th anay be difttogutfhed to be Vamoo; fecooi plam-. 
Yf Avcoil, 6. Stackpole, y- Pembrage, 8. Vcmoii With rive 
castoo, 9* Pype. The third and fifth comparMents are lb de<i' 
faced as to baffle enquiry) oeitber (hews a trade of CamrriKefa 
coat, nor was that of Pype fHobably defigo'd here, mk the arma 
of bim, whofe daaghter is abovd faid to hanre fuaariad CaoiviUtv 
but of the Pipes of Fype^Ridware, tn the County of SilaSoti^ m 
beireCi of whom was t4ie wife of Sir WiKtam Vehioit^ of Uaddo^ 
(leat gramUathm of Sir Jofau. Whbie dMigbfdr Ae waa ii:a 

C t yomt 

i!9t -Hijfdry (fClifim Gmvttlet StaffhrJ/hh^. 

point of fotne difEcuIty. Dugdate could not clear it up^ findKai^ 
Jic fays, fomc contradiftion in the fcvcral records. Toe two cdi- 
tioDS of Collins are here too at variance : bat 'tis apprehended 
that the older one is in this particular right, nametey, in making 
Margaret wife of the laft-meDtionid Sir William Vernon, daugh* 
ter of Wiiliam de Pype; and that Williara de Pype was the per* 
ion who Aands in Dugdale's Pedigree* of Durvailal, by the name 
of William Durvaflal; that he went by that name, and fometimes. 
»by that of William' Spernore, from having married a fiftcr of 
-Nicholas Durvaflal, heirefs of that eftate, (a thing then no 
r:way8 uncommon, the father of this very Margaret's hufband^ 
-for inftance, being callM Sir Richard t^^mbruge for the fame 
rcafon;) that he was tenant by courtefcy of Spernore, with rc- 
veriion to Walter Holte his grand fon by the heirefs } and that 
after Holte's death without ifTue, the eftates both of the Pypes 
ituid the IDurvafTals, went between Margaret Vernon and another 
defcendant of William de Pype, alias Durvaifal, alias Spernore. 
For in a copy of Dugdale, 1 733, formerly belonging to Thomas 
Hall, Efq. of Baxterley, in the County of Warwick, among many MS, 
additions, is one of ** William Swynfen, of Swynfen, StafFord- 
ihire, Mrm." as hufl^and to Jocofa, another of the daughters of 
, William Durvaflal; which coincides exaftly with Erdfwic's account, 
that " William Swynfen married Jocofa, 1 think one of the two 
daughters and heirs of WiUiam Spernore, 13th Henry VI,** only 
fnppofing the iaft figure a miftake for four, l^his^^faft fuppofltioit 
'goes on the following note in the before-mentioned Erdfwic, of 
Dr^ Vernon, at p. 164: ** Ex archs. G. V. Vernon, 24th 
November, i^^th Henry. IF^ 1411. Alicia, late wife of Su: 
Thomas Stafford demifcs to Robert Swinfeyn, Efq. and his fou 
William, coufins and heirs of Sir Robert Pipe, the manors of 
Draycote fubt. Needwood, Scheel in Leicefterfliirc, and Pipe- 
Ridwar, and lands in Edynghall, late of Sir Robert. Pipe, for 
her life, reddendo /.20 per annum. ■ N . B. Willian^ 
Vernon's monument rays he married Margaret, Hareditas Pipes 
and Spemor. Query, (per E- Vernon) if this Alicia was not 
widow of Robert Pipe V* In this query Dr. Vernon 

was probably right; tho' he has wretchedly confufed his 
notes for want of the local knowledge that Pipe, which no 
doubt gave nanie to the family, is a different place from. Pipe* 
Ridware, about feven miles from the former, a lordihip not once 
mentioned by Erdfwic and which certainly took its name frot^ 
tfae &milyi being before called Media, or Parva Ridware, and 
• Warw. 1730, p. 75 7» 

Hifiory 9f CEfton Camvltk, Stafford/biri. 13 

by the latter name* coDfirmed 1286, to Robert Pipe, K«t. by 
William Thameohorny Too of Thomas, which Thomas had 
graoted it to the faid Sir Robert, in frank-marriage with hit 
daughter Matilda. William DurvaHTal above-mentioned, was. 
probably younger brother to the Sir Robert Pipe, in Dr. Vernoo^s 
cxtraA ; and perhaps Joan Beaumont, mentioned by Dugdale, 
might be the furviving iffue of Jocofa Swynfifn; and (poflibly^ 
Dngdale bimfelf guilty of an overfight in making her daughter of 
Margaret, as in the pedigree. However thcfe matters were, the 
Vernons conftantly quartered the arms of Pipe in right of Mar- 

5;aitt; and they had not only a (hare of Spernore, and a part at 
eaft of Seale,t but alfo the manor of Pipe-Ridware, down to the 
making of Sir George's will in 1 564,:!: and Draycote iubt. Need* 
wood, is the efhte of Lord Vernon to this day. On the other 
fide bf Sir John Vernon*s monument is a (hield of arms, which 
were moft probably thofe of his wife, the heirefs of Montgomery, 
ofCubley, in the Co. of Derb. They feem to have been quartered 
thus: Quarterly of four, the fecond grand quarter, quartered; 
but not one coat is to be made out now, unlefs poffibly the third 
'principal quarter has been that of Draycote, a family from whom 
Erdfwic makes a pstrt of the manor of Leghe^ in the County of 
Stafford, to have defcended to Montgomery, and thence to Vernoo. 
Sir John is the firft Vernon denominated of Sudbury, in the 
printed pedigrees: 4nd being very near toCubley, it might n(>t 
improbably com^ by I^is wife. What b(^me of HarlaAon after 
Erdfwic's time has not been feen, till 1682,^4, when it belonged 
'to William Brabazon, Earl of Meath, as appears by a Particular} 
of the manor of that date, ftating it to be held like Clifton of 
the honour of Tutbury, and tocontain 159^ acres, among which 
however were feveral freeholds • Before September, |686, t^e 
manor and a very coniiderable part of the lands fcem to have been 
purchafed by Francis Wolfer(lan> of Statfold aforefaid, Efq. He 
dying 1 2th of Auguft, lyiqt, his only furviving child Anne, 
then wife of Sir John Egerton, took Harlaflon as heir at law, 
and lived there moft of her remaining life. Her epitaph on a 
mural marble tablet, (the only monument in the chapel ofHar- 
(afton,) is as follows : 

* Ex autogr. ps. Car. Ckadwick. vd Joh* Chadwick* Arnjia. 
f Sec Topo|. Vol. I, p. 5it. 
1 Ex praed. MS. annocs. Do6kor Vfrnon. 
. I Feneapraedf S. £• Wb. «- 

. ^.Todicaieaioryof Amc, lady E^rtoii» fole daughter aoif 
^ keif o£ Francis Woirerftao» k(q. of Statfold and Harbhoo, in 
'< tbi$ Coonty, by Hefter his vrife, a daughter of the aoUent fa- 
f* mily rf the Bowycrs, ofKniperflCT. She married June 14th 
<* 1705^10 Sir John Egcrtoiv of Rioe-bill, b the County of 
•' Stafiord, Bart, and by him had ifTue Francb, Hefter. and Ca- 
** therines The two firft died very young, and had fepulture at 
'* Colwich. Catherine lived to a more advaoted i^e and died 
*• Oftober i6th 1722; Ihe had fepultorc alfo at Colwicb^ but 
•• upon the death of tcr mother wa« according to her direftioa 
** removed to this place, and lies by her In the vault adjoining. 
'< Being deprived of all children, after mmj legacies to rdtdond« 
^ and fevcral charitable beqaefts to the poor, die adopted fid^ 
" ward, third fon of her huiband Sir John Egerton, byaibrmer 
*^ venter, and left him this manor of Harlaftoo, and oihcr eftates 
^ in the Counties of Stafford and Warwick. She died April 
^ 1 2th 17269 much hmented. Edward her adopted heir liir* 
^ vived her but about 13 months, dying May 9tk, 1727, and 
'^ lies interred in the fame vault, leaving his eAates to his nesc 
*' brother Ralph, who died April gd, 173^ and is herealfo 
'* interr'd. In obedience to her will^ and out of a gratefal r^ 
** gard to her and his brother's memory, Thomas Egertoo, Rec-> 
^< torofCheadle, in the County Palat. of Cfaeikr, efefiedthia 
^* moDument/'~ 

After the death of Ralph, Harkfton was In pofTeffioa of either 
one or both of Sir John s two youngeft fons, Thomas, who 
arefied the above marble, and William, ReAor dl Parthiaghoe, 
In the County of Northampton; and then defcended thro' the 
o miffi o o, 'tis laid, of the latter (who left a daughter or two 
without much provifion,) to bar the entail when in his power, 
to the head of the family, great grandfon of Sir John, and now 
Lord Giey de Wilton ; who within 20 years paft fold it to Tho- 
mas Princep, of Croxball, ta the County of Derby, Efq. and 
— — Barker,* Banker in Lichfield. A very coofidcrable farnj in 
Harlafton, called Hogfliill^ belongs, from what time is not known, 
feo the Burdetts, and is now enjoyed by Frantqs Bnrdett, 
Efq. fon, and heir apparent to Sir Robert Burdett, cart. 

Of Chiloote, as to its ancient bifiory,* little is known. Erdfwlc 
aaentions it, as if in his county i but gives little infermatidn, ^d 
that in doubtful terms. About 150 years a^ it belonged to the 
Milwards, then probably a coafidflr^le Dtsbyfiure uas^j^ but 
\^ long they had it before, or fince, daea aas appear. It waa 
* See Vol. I, p. 5S3« 


Hyhfy rfCHfimt CtftnuiUt, Sraffinf/Uri. t$ 

fMirr of the eftate oFtfae late Gcdftey BugaM Clarke. Efq. of Sat- 
lon, ID Scarfdale» aod is now vefted with the reft, in the trofteea 
under bia wilt. Eatoa» near Dovrndgi, another part q£ that 
eftate, was alfo the property, and the feat of a Sir Thomas Mil- 
ward, Kntghr, one of whm graodfons died within about S years 
paft« Chilcote is a TalnaUe, and well circumftanced eftate. A 
very hrge old maofioD, on a fpot which had been fonounded by 
every comfbrt of affloeoce^ was polled down a few years ago for 
the materials; and the fole memorials left of its antieot owners 
are 2 gkfs fragments, (fis'd in the window of the hooeft ndgh* 
bouring farmer at Clifton lodge, wbo happens to be alfo fome- 
what of a^ herald,) one bearing the arms of Milward, Erm. on a 
fefte Gn. 3 bezants ; the other thofe of one of the families of Pal- 
mer, Or, a bars Go. on each 3 trefoils fltp*d Ar. in chief a grey^ 
bound curraint Sa. As to the diminotive chapel^ aod the chapel 
yard, they have not fo much as a graveftooe, the inhabitants ne^ 
vtt burying there, but at the mother chorch. 

The Church. 

In tbe Church are the follomog Monuments. 


^ To the ploos memory of Sir Charles Pye, Bart, hte of CUf^ 
lonCamville Co. Staftord, foo of Sir John Pye» Bart, grandfon 
<gt Sir Robat Pye, Kt. Auditor of the Exchequer to Kfaig James 
I, Charles I, and Charles 11. 

*' Sir Charles was a Gentleman of fuch fine talents, 4tt added 
lufireio his Anceftors, and of fnch bright and early parts, as by 
Ids travels, ftodies, and obfervations, to have acqoired a compiet^ 
knowledge of the world at an age when moft men do but begin 
•o appear in it. 

•« He was a ftiend Co tte trae liberties and great rights of man* 
kind^ and a fincere lover of his oonntry. Chriflian piety and 
moral virtues were the guides of all his adiona, fo that be was 
h^y efteemed by his cotemporaries, ana ftands the faireft pat« 
i«ni to pofteiity. He died Feb. 1^ A« D« lyxx* aged 70, and 
Ubnried ina vault near this place. 

*« He ^Ma$ twice ntrried, ift to PhiKppa, daughter of Sir John 
Hobarc of Miekiiog Co. l^orfi>Ik, Bart, by whom there bno 
UTu^ furvi^g. His 24 wife was Ann^ daughter to Richardl 


iff mjbry ^CUfim Cmvitte, SUtffordfiiri* 

SteTCDS, Efq. of Eaftiogtoo Co. Gbuc. who lies here iaterr''^ 

with hiin. 

'* The piety and virtues of that excellent Lady appeared eminent 
in every ftation of life fo happy in the endowments of her mind 
that (he juftly gained the higheft efteem. She died much , la- 
mented July 12, 1722, aged 60. 

• «* This monument was ereAed A. D. I737» by Rebecca, Phi* 
Bppa, and Mary Pye. 

*' To perpetuate the memory of their worthy parents at the re- 
queft of their late brother Sir Robert Pye, Bart/' 


** To the memory of their much beloved brother. Sir Richard 
Pye, Bart, who inherited the fortunes, and many of the endow- 
aienrs of his excellent father Sir Charles. He was a Gentleman 
of inflexible integrity, and extendve knowledge, of extraordinary, 
parts, which were confpicuous in early life, from the quick and 
uncommon progrefs he made in learning. Thefe were qualities 
that recommended him to the warmed friendftiips. By thefe he 
acquired the efteem of all who knew him« He died Nov. 22, 
1724, aged 36. 

<* In memory of their laft and much regretted brother, the 
Rev. Sir Robert Pye, Bart, who fucceeded his brother Sir Richard 
in title and fortunes, and chofe the clerical ftate. 

*' tit was a dutiful fon, and affeAionate brother. As a Di* 
vine^ he Was knowing in. bis profeiSon; as a Gentleman he wa& 
mafter of polite learning, which rendered his converfation agree- 
able and 4nftru(Mve. 

** He died May 19, I734f aged 37. 

•*' Xo exppefs their due aflfeftion for the memory of their bro- 
fhert, and in gratitnde to the laft, their lifters and heirs Rebecca, 
Philipp:!, and Mary Pye, have caufed this monument to be ereAed 
A. D. I737.'' 

Here hangs alfo an hatcbmnnt of the arms of General Seveme^ 
viz. A. a chevr. B. charg*d with 9 bezants. ^ 

In the body is a flat ftone in memory of a fervant of Sir Richardl 
Clarke* of Chilcote, in this parifti. 

* See a Pedigree of the CItrkes in Hafted's HiftaVv of Kent, under UI. 
combe. -r Chi Icote I believe was their earlieft feat. We Iball give tn te- 
coiint of them in future under Sutton in Scarfdale* Derbyfliire» their mora 
modern Manfion, bought of the Leakes, Earls of Scaiftialei TJieir |irm{ 
sre B. 3 efcaltops O. int. a flaun^hes Erm. 

- Here 

Gnat Marhw^ in BucHnghani/btru 17 

Rcre are two aoctent monuments apparently coeval with tho 
Church, in the South and North walls ; the former under a round 
arch ; the latter under a pointed one, with the figure of a crols 
OQ it. Thefe are faid, and probably with truth^ to be thofib of 
the founder and his wife. 

Art. II. Greai Markw^ in Buckinghamflnn. 

I have dbferved with great fatisfa£lion fevdral Articles relative 
to Buckinghamfhire, inferttd in the Topographer. As the An- 
tiquities of this County have hitherto been fuperficially inveftiga- 
ted, yon will render your work particularly valuable by feleflions 
from its Parochial Hiflories. I have fent you a tranfcript of the 
old Monuments, and fome extrafls from the old Church Regiftec 
of Great Marlow. 

I am. Yours, &c.» 

Within the Communion Rails. 

Hie jacent Wills. Johannes, Lodovic: et Johann: filii le^* 
timi Domini Johannis Salisburie, Militis Regis Ricardi fecundi 
et —— — _ ifjtoris praedifti Johannis qui obierunt annis Do- 
nini 1383 et 8 — menfibus Sept. et 0£t. quorum animabus pro- 
pitietur Deus. Amen. 

There are fix brafs figures. Part of the labels of the man and 
women. \ ■ ■"■ Surgentcs Chrifli, 

* Sint quatuor lAi. 

The Label of the eldefl fon. 

f urge file Chrifle, ubi quis opis lapis ifle. 


O Viftor Mortis mei miferere cohortis. 

Qui furgis Ve* pees nobis miferere, 

* Our bcft acknowledgements are due for this farour, and we flitll think 
«NirfeWet honored bv any iimilar ones in future. The Vi6cation of Great 
^^arLow» 1415, we are not pofTeffed of, nor can we find it in the Brit. 
Muf but the one for 1634 informs us that ** Sir John Borlafe, Kat. of 
GrMC Mtrlowei dyed there February 6th, i6tf •** 

D 4th. 

iS Gnat Msrbw^ in BmltinghamJBtre. 

Qm fapcru:mertes, fao ooftras fcaodere fortes; 

Part of rhe Brafs phtes are tmder the CommnnioQ Rails, uriiiclk 
prevent the infcrtptioa being literally copied, and part deflroyed. 

Within the Communion Rails. 

Orate pro animahns Willielmi Sandys et Johanne nxoris ejus, 
qBLobiitdie Januarii nouo 149I9 <}aorum ammabiis pcopi(tictur 
Dens* Amen* 

lit the Ghancel a flat oblong ftone with a figure of a man hi ec« 
defiaftical' rofies^ and on a broken brafs the following imperfcA 
inibriptioa : 

— Sandis fanftlficatur quod Hbi praedare digner— «— 
Chrifte Creator plaimatis ejus hominis xternusfanfiificatur— « 
Primo deoeffit vita Johannes Warner ReAoris Merlowe. 

In the Pariffa Chancel. 

A man and hia wife with three children on each fide of them 
kneaiing. The top of the monament is fiipporttd by two vart* 
cgatct marbb piHarsi with a gilt freeae. Two compartments b^- 
aotfb of black marble^ the right only filled up. 

Memoriae Sacrum. 

To Katharine Willoaghby much lovde ialy€f,. 

As mcmorie of her virtnes ever ly vinge, 
William the husband of fo rare a wyeT, 

Performde tbeTe duties of love never dyinge. 
Behold this tombe with a regardinge eye. 
And reade my loflfe, -her werth which here dotbe Ife» 

Whofe lyef ((hec young) too (hort her friendes efteemde. 
Though virtues ripe for him who took her hence^ 

Her fowlts laft crye by him to be redeemdc. 
Soon granted, left a bodji void of fence. 

Yecres fixteen, eyghte, fix children each kynd three, 

Amaide, a wief (hee liv'd and left to mee. 
Obiit Maptil ultima 1597, drca hocam decimam poll Mecidiam, 
Afmo24» setads. 

Arms. Two bars charged with 3 water bougets empaling quar« 
terly iftand 4th. a chevron between 3 water budgets^ on acheif 
rofeS| ad and 3d a faltier.— Creft a goat's head. 


GrM MkrhWf in Butkinghamfinre. ry 

Extrafts from the old Church Regill^n 

This Regifter commences with the accounu of Williamt James, 
Md Jobo Laogleyi ien« €biirchwardeQS» from Lady Day 1591* 

Page I ft. Item received of the Torcbineo, WiHiam James, w d 
James Lyone for the frofytc of the Whitfoa ale, 5I. 

LaftmentjQDof it 1634, cleared 16I. 

Church goods 1603. « 

Item fyve payr of garters and bells, *1 

Xt#m fyve coats. I Thele are anuiiallyac* 

Item fower feathers. | counted for till 1629. 

Item a fools coat. 3 

Richard Auftlns, Sydefmao, 161 2* 

Laft mentioQ of this office 1640. 

1635. Every mans free gift towards repairing St. Paul's 
Church. Thomas Langley» fen. 3s. 4d. Ralph Chafe, Gent, 
5s. Antony WarTon is. Total 2I. $$. 2d. 

164 X. To the Ringers that Thurfday the King came oat of 
Scotland, 2S. 6d. 

1642. To Nat. Bellgrove for throwing the bull works abou 
the Chnrch, 5s. Alfo for asking cleaoe the Church when the 
Souldiers laye inn itt. 

1647. Payd the Ryngers when the King came through the 
town, 5s. 

1651. March 15th, paid to the Painter kx fettiog up the 
States Arms, i6s« 

Name of John Milton occurs 1669. 

161 1. Paid for an houre glafle for the pnlpitt, lad. 

1636. Firft mention of Over feers, before called Collcftors. 
1627. Mention of an Organ. 

Art. III. Tour thrtf the Midland Counties^ 

( Coniinufd from Vol. I. p. 560. ) 

Harborougb, or Market- Harboroogh, anciently called Haverl 
borough, 18 fituated oq the Tery edge of Nortbampton(hii:e» iotfce 
Hundred of Gartree, in Leicefter(hire, and near the fource of tho 
rirer Welhiftd. 

^ Ip tliis account of LciceA^rfliirc Burton it made ufc of, as far as he goei. 

Da la 

20 Tour thro' the Midland CkuntUt. 

In 21 Hen. III. this Manor was granted by the Ring, to Hagh 
de Cantelope, jun. The fame Kiog, (54 of his reign) granted 
this, and the Manor of Bowden adjoining, to Qneen Eleanor. 

Edward III, foon after he came to the throne, granted thefe 
Manors to John of Eltham, Earl of Cornwall, bis brother ; who 
dying without ifTue, the fame King, in the loth year of his reign^ 
granted them to Geffrey le Scrope, of Ma(ham and UpfhalK 

In the 20th Edw. Ill, John de Middleton, and Adam de Man- 
ners held land^ at Bowden, of the fee of Huntingdon. Alfo in 
this reign, Sir Wm. Burton, Kt. one of the JaAices of the King's 
Bench, dwelling at Tolthorpe, in Kutlandfhire, had land here. 
How thefe Manors were afterwards difpoled, we know not. 
But Harborough we conclude has been fome rime in the family of 
Sherrard, of Stapleford, in this County, who have the title of 
Earl from hence. It is an ancient Market-town, and has a re- 
markable fair annually for horfes and cattle. It has no fields or 
land belonging to it, except the gardens and yards belonging to the 
houfes, which has given rife to this proverb, *' That a goofc 
will eat np all the grufs in Harborough." It is alio remark- 
able, thatfuch a town, confifting of a fpacious principal ftreet, 
fliould not be a pariSi of itfelf, but beloug to Bowden Magna, 
before mentioned, to which place the fpire here, tho' a confider- 
ableold building, is only a Chapel. 

The Church of this town is fuppofed to have been built 1370, 
as a penance for keeping Katharine Swinford. " The ftyle of 
the building declares it to be the woik ot that age ; for tho' it is 
in a much better tafte than the generality of churches built in the 
preceding reigns, yet it is by no means decorated and enriched in 
that delicate manner, that fo univerfaily prevailed in the reigns of 
Hen. VI. to Hen. VII. inclufive, ai which period the Gothic ar- 
chiteAure was at its meridian. 

" It confifts of a body, North and South aile, a large chancel. 
North and South porch, all embattled and leaded. At the Weft 
end is a ne*at, ftrong, well-built fteeple, of a fine hard durable 
flonc, that bears the weather extremely well."* 

In Burton's time the Patron was Wm. Jackfon, Cler. Com. 
The buildings in this town are moAly timbered, and bad ; and 
the inns, for Inch a thoroughfare, very iudiderent. 

* Gent. Mae. for 1745, p. 184, where is alfo an engraviiig of the 
€)ittrck.««Gough*i Br. Top* I, p* 5i6. 


Tittrtbro* the Midland Countiis. 2X 

ToKtOD.) This Manor in 30 E. Ill, was the mberUance of 

Sir Wm. Burton, Kot. whofe chief feat was at Tolthorpe, above- 

aaenttooedy and who bore ^' a chevron between 3 owls, argent^ 

crowoedy or/* 

After hiving fat as Joflice of the King's Bench, from 17 
Ed. Illy to 36, he died 49th of that reign, leaving iflue by his 
wife Eleanor, Sir Tho. de Burton, Kt. who alfo died 8 Rich. II, 
leaving ifTue Tho. de Burton, then 16 years old. 

In 12 Hen. IV, Edward Latimer was Lord of this Manor. 
, The church was formerly appropriate to the Priory of Daven- 
try, in the county of Northampton. 

The living is a vicarage, and (he Patron in Burton's time was 
Jonathan Devereux.^ Here are no arms or monuments. 

Nearly oppofite to this, and at a fmall diflance from the road, 
lie the four Langtons, 'each of which has a dillinguifhing fyllable 
prefixed to its name. Taking them in the order we now travelled, 
ThorperLangjton firft occurs, which is in the (ame Hundred of 
Gartree with the reft. 

King Edward I, in 35th of his reign, granted to Walter de 
Langton, BiCbop of Litchfield and Coventry, (of whom more 
hereafter) liberty of free warren here. 

. In the 5tb of Ed. Ill, Sir Walter de Thorpe, Kt. was Lord of 
this Manor. 

In the 6th of Henry V, John Revel was Lord of it. And la 

9th of the fame reign Bernake held a mefluage and 4 

yard-lands here. It is in the parish of Church-Langton, and has 
a chapel. 

In the time of Edw. Ill, Ralph Baflct of Weldon, and Mar- 
garet de Thorpe, were feifed of certain lands here. In the Vifi* 
tation of Leicefter we find the following pedigree. 

William Jerveis de Thorpe- Langton, in Com. Leic. 37 £d^ 
ward III, had ilTue, 

Radulphus Gerveis, Anno 9 R. 11. whofe fon 
; Thomas Gerveis married to Eithad • - . - 10 Edward IV, and 
left ilFtte 

Radulphus Gerveis, Anno 3 Henry V, who had a fon 
Robert Gerveis, Anno 23 Henry VF, father of 
Robert Gerveis, Anno 2 Edward IV, whofe fon 
Robert Gervds, Anno 3 Richird III, had iflue 
William Gerveis, Anno 14 Henry yiI,who had a fon 

* <^ry If not a falfe addition of Wittioghtm's. 


22 Tour tbro' the Midland CmmiUr. 

Johaooes Gerveis dc Thorpe LADgtaa, Anno 20 HearfJmi, 
Vfho married Margaret^ daughier of Thomas Goodman de Lnf* 
fioham» in Com. Rutland, -wfaoie ddefi fon ThomaSp married 

Alicia, daughter of Holyoke, by whom he heft Jbho and 

^Thomas*.t;. The iffueof the fecoud branch, William, feeaed to 
jive at Peatling Magna, in Com. Leic. 

We come next to Eail-Langton. In 20 Edward III, Robert 
de Weftlangton held lands here, of the honor of Leicefter. In 
25 of chat reigo, Warine de Latimer was Lord of this Manor. 
Ralph, Lord Baflet, of Weldon, was feifed of certain lands here 9 
and in 42 Edward lil, took upon him a religious order. Thta 
b likewife in the pariih of Church-Langtoa. 

Not far from this, and ftili nearer the road, is WeA-LatigtaQ* 
At this place was born the renowned W;alter de Langtoo, before 
fpoken of, who was coDfccrated Biihop of Lichfield and Cotod* 
try, in 1296; was Lord 1 reafurer of England, and much favoured 
by King Edward I ; who granted him liberty of Free Warrea 
here, and at Thorpe-Langton. He was a great beoefaAor to 
the Cathedral of Lichfield, aad bulk our lady's Chapel there, 
a (lately and fumptuous piece of work. He coropafled the cbyAer 
with a ftone wall, and beftowed a codly (hrine to St. CfaAdd, 
which coft^.xooo. Ht ditched and walled the church all 
round, made a great gate at the weft end of the clofe, and aao^ 
tber OB the fouth fide. He built a great bridge in 1310, and a 
new palace at the eaft end of the dole. He repaired his cafile at 
£ccle(hall, his palace in the Strand, m London, and his maoor* 
houfeof Shutburrow, and Haywood, in StafFordfliire. He game 
plate, jewels, copes, and veftments of great value to the church, ^ 
an4 procured thereto many charters and privileges. He died 
1 6th November, 1391, and was buriod in the Ladyts Chapel* 

In the time of Ed. Ill, Thomas de Langton was feifed of oer- 
taio lands here. Of this family was John de Langton, aCamifllite 
Friar in- London, brought up at Oxford. He lived in I400» 
(i H. IV.) and was the author of feveral books in Diviniiy. 

This village is alfo in tiie parifii of Churcb'-JUaaglxxi^ which 
we now come to treat of. 

In the reign of Ed. Ill, Tho. Lord AiUey, Sir Ralph Haftings, 
Kt. in the right of Ifolda his wife, daughter and bdr of Robert d^ 

• Yifit^tion of Leiccftcr, 1615, Muf, Brit. BibL H^L 1180, fol, 57. 


Tmr^ihrtf the MiHand Counties. J 3 

Sadington^ and Sir Wm. de Burton, Kt. were feiftd of lands 
here, held of the honor of Lcfccftcr. 

In the 2d Hen. V, Tho. de Langt^n held lands here of the faid 
honor, who bore, '* azure, an eagle difplayed with two heads, 
or, a bend fable." 
Turlangton is likewife in this partfli, and has* a Cha|)el. 
The Chnrch of Langton anciently belonged to the Abbey of 
Leicefter. The Patron in Burton's time was George Afliby, Efq. 
of Qnenby- 

In the chnrch is a monument of Tho. de Langton, with hit 
arms above blazoned, and this, ^' argent, on a bend, fable, 5 
bezants, or.*' 

This has fince been remarkable for its worthy and charitable 
Kcftor, Mr. Hanbury. 

'* This excellent perfon, with a firmnefs of mind equal to the 
benevolence of his heart, feems to have brought to the utmoft 
degree of Maturity and Stability, human affairs are capable of, 
this fingular undertaking, of raifing from a plantation of all the 
various Trees, Plants, &c. the World produces, a yearly fund 
of near Ten Thoufand Pounds, fufficient to relieve the diftrcfs'd, 
inftruft the ignorant, affift the curious, adorn the parilh, and 
benefit this and the neighbouring County of Rutland, as long as 
Integrity and Public Spirit fubfiu in Britain, or dare to defy fin- 
gnlarity and cenfure* This generous defign claims a place here 
on a double account. We Anidquaries have ^eat obligations to 
this liberal founder, who has appropriated part of this fend to 
the Compiling and Publifliing a Hiftory of every County m Eng- 
land by a Profeflbr appointed on pnrpofe. An E/Tay upon Plant- 
ing and Gardening, printed dt Oxford, 1758, was his firfb Pub- 
lication. He propofes fpeedily to publiQi for the Benefit of this 
Charity, ** A Complete body o£ Planting and Gardening, ia two 
Volumes Folio, Price Four Guineas. Plans for a Public Library 
and Garden at Church -Langton were pubiiflxed by the Rev, Mr. 
Hanbury, at Northampton, i76o,t Sva:^" 

Such were the expejlations raifd by theft immenfe defigns! 
But they are fince alas ! come to Dochlng. See Gougfa's Addi- 
tions to CauKtco, Vol. IX. p. 197. 

But let us indulge for a moment in the vifions of the Poet. 

* This it fince done, and may be had of £• and. C. DiLLVr in the 

f See hiftorv of the rife and progreft of charitable fouadatioA^ at Church 
LangtOD, by Mr. HaDbury, 1767, Sto, 

{ Anecdotes of Britiih Topography. 


«4 ^^r thro' the Midland Catihties. 

•* On yonder broad circumference of ground, 
V^bere chilling clay diffused its damp around, 
Within whofe bounds no luring charm was feen> 
Mo tree to (helter, and no bofb to fcreen, 
^The rich Plantation now falutes our eyes. 
And waves its foliage of enchanting dies/'f 

" On yon proud eminence where Langton Hands, 
That yields a profpeA of the richeft lands. 
There (hall the grand Collegiate Church arife, . 
A welcome, free-will offering to the fkies. 
Gothic thef ftyle, and tending to excite 
Free-thinkers to a fenfe of what is right, 
With lengthening ailes, and Endows that impart 
A gloomy fteady light to chear the heart. 
Such as afFefts the foul, and which I fee 
With joy, celeftial Wejiminfter! in thee. 
Not like Saint Paul's, beneath whofe ample dome, 
No thought arifes of the life to come: 
For, tho* fuperb, not folemn is the place. 
The mind but wanders o'er the difhnt fpace, 
Where 'ftead of thinking on the God, moft mea 
Forget his prefence to remember WnnX^^ 

*^ Now be the fpacious Hospital my theme. 
Where Pity will difFufe its mildeft beam. 
There (haU the aged meet with due relief, 
iind wipe, with joy wipe off the tear of grief§." 

The grand Museum there ball ftrike the eye. 
And furniih ftudents there with large fupply ; 
Teach 'em the virtues of the plants to know. 
How bed to cultivate, where beft they grow ; 
Teach 'em the various properties, and pow'r. 
Of every herb, and medicinal flower. 
What Nature yields throughout her wide domain. 
The wood, the rock, the hiil^ the vale, the plain. 
Whatever her fprings, and foffil miaes produce. 
There (hall they learn, and learning teach their ufc. 

There (hall a fpacious Temple rear its head. 
And o'er the walls immortal Painting fpread 

* Oumley Planutton. f Woty'i Pocmi, p. ss). 

J Ibid. p. 140, } Ibid, p. 145. 


Ti^ur tiro* tie ASdlatill duntitt. ^g 

Her fiicfcd Canvas* Pious pupils there 
For meditattoQ calm (hall oie repur, 
Aodi to each martyr's fate familiar growo, 
Liearn from their ills in life to bear his own* 

The School (hall train each rade unletter'd yoath» 
His morals guide, and point the way to truth; 
0*er the young thought its genial fpirit pour. 
And fpread its bloflbm to a beauteous flowV* 
As difF'rent minds with difPrent parts are bleft» 
Some dimmer, and fome brighter than the reft» 
Improved by time, and fbrm'd by calture*s hand» 
Here (hall they ripen, flouri(h, and expand : 
And here (hall Mathesis look Nature through, 
Untwift eath knot, unravel ev'ry clew ; 
AMTiquiTT perufe Time's old records. 
And Grammar nicely poife her fcale of words* 
Here too (ball Botant her ta(k fulfil, 
And give her rare proofs of vegetable (kill; 
Whilft Music, foaring to th' ethereal plain, 
Defcends, and with her brings a nobler (train* 
Here Art (hall reigUi and Science ever grow. 
And future ftriplings bend the Poet's bow. 
Or tune his harp, and in harmonious lays 
Sing their immortal benefaAor's.praife« 
And oh i my H anbury ! (hould they deign to joio 
(Tho* in the loweft breath) my name to thine. 
My Name, which elfe might in oblivion lie. 
Shall then revive— revive, and never die.. 

Proceeding forward we next pafs thro* Kibwortb, in the fame 
hundred of Gertre. Here are two manors, di(lingui(hed by th« 
names, Kibworth Harecourt, and Kibworth Beauchamp. 

The former was fo called from the Harecourts, who were once 
Lords of this place ; Sahere de Harecourt died feifed of it 50 
Henry III. ** Ecclefie de Kibworth patronus Willimus de Bello 
^mpo; PerfonaH. de Mortuomari In(litutus per H Epifcopum 
Line, percipiens totum et folvens difto H. viginti nomine penfi- 
onis : Monachi Sanfti Ebrulfi percipiunt de dominico Willielmi de 

E This 

-SK Tntt thro^ tbi TUlMand iSnmtiis. 

This manor came afterwttrds to MeitOQ Coil^e, ifi Oxford, i8 
Edward If. The living is a Redory, and is valoed high in cbe 
king's books, viz. at ;£'39- ^5'- 

The church ts a maiTy old fpire, built of a reddiAi- coloured 
ftone, and is pleafantly ficuated amidft fome trees, oa a bold emi« 
Dence, a liirle foQ^h of the village. 

Here are no naooaments, &c. ^/rorthy notice. 

Kibworth Beaucbifmp, (o called, as being the andent inheri- 
tance of the Beauchamps, Earls of War«vick ; who (as it appears 
by inqnifition in the Tower of Ldadon, 9 Edward II, after the 
death of Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, and 2 Edward 
VI, after the death of Thomas de Beauchamp, Earl <rf Warwick,) 
held the fame manor 6i the king, by Grand Serggantry/^ viz* to 
be chief Pantler to the King upon the day of Corooatioo. After 
that family became extinft^ C^een Elizabeth gave this manor to 
Ambrofe Dudley, Earl of Warwick, to be held by the fimie te« 
nnre. It is in the parlfii ef Kibwdrth Harecourt. Aboot the 
middle of the village ftands a large brick maafion within afpadoua 
court, now appropriated to the Ufe'ofa fehool. 

Faffing onward we foon leait on oar right the vllli^ of Carle* 
ton Curlew, fo caUed from the Curtews, formerly Lords thereof. 
In the 6th of Edward 1, Kog^sr fe Zottch was fetfed of certaia 
lands here. In 20 of Edward III, Henry Fltz Rpger held landa 
here of the honor of Wlnchefter. Atkl in 44 of the fame re]ga» . 
William de Wefton was Lord of this Manor. The Abbot of 

* This tenure it defined by }odge LittUtbn, \o ^be where a nan holds 
lands or ccnemcots of the kin^^, by Hich ferviees which he oaght in his pro* 
per perfon to perform unto tne king s m to carry his banner, to be fewer, 
carver, butler, or fuch like office at Ms Coronation 1 and it is called ^rAiii/^ 

. becaufr it is a high feiv ice to be done to the perfon of the king. It is a fpe* 
cies of Knight firvtce, for the kh)^ Oiall have Wandlhip, marrlajSe, and re* 
Ktf, -t4 Ed. 3. (Temires B. i^) bin<it^ifiers f#om the emamm Efruage (or 
Knight's tervicc) in ihefe points. Efeiiagei% not limited to any Ipacial fcr* 

' Tice, but this tenure is. Efcuagrli to be done out of the realm, this with In 
it. Tenant by Bfcuage fl^all pay for a relief the fourth part of his yearly 
reYeniic, if he hold by a wh6fe fee : this the fall ralue, 11 Henry 'IV» 7m* 
Spruage nvay he fTeld-^f 'a fubjefi, thfs ef nbne but the king. Tcnanc in 

■ neua^e'lhaH pay resfooaUe aid, §w snaking the cldeft fon of the Lord^ 
Xntght, and fur manryiqg his daughter; ti^is tenant not. Tenant, hy 

' *Bffuagf fliall pay 'Bfcuago, Tenant by Grand Sergtantry Ihall not. There 
are of this teoiire many leveral fervicts, which are to be performed at the 
Coronation of the King; which (as appears by -a long record, in Leland's 
Coll. Tom. I* fol. 299.} were performed at the Coronation of King Rich* 
ard II. 


T9ur ihra* the MlJland (huntln. ^, 

St. £bralfie was Patron of the church, and the ReAor by aoctcnt 
cnftom pud to him four marks a year. lo Burton's tioiCy John 
Bale, Efq. was Lord of the manor and Patron. 

. Johes Bale, de Carlton Curlew, in Com. Leic. had ifltie Jbhq 
Bale de Carlton Curlew, who married Johanna, da. -^— > Pettie, and 
died X P. Robert Bale de Carlton Curlew, fecond fon, marrie4 
Johanna, daughter *— — Camble de Burton-Overy, in Com* 
Leic. and left Edmund Bale his eldeft (on, S. P. — John Bi^lo 
de Carlton Curlew, et Sadington, in Com. Leic. Knt. Uv<» 
ing 1619, married Frances, daughter of Barnard Broou, da 
Com. South, whofe eldeft Ton, George Bale de Carlton, marrie^ 
Eltrabeth, daughter of Valentine Hartop de Barton Lazers ii^ 
Com. Leic, whofe eldeft fon and heir, John Bale de CarItoi| 
Curlew, living 1619, married Emma, daughter of WiHiao) 
Halford de Weliam, in Cora. Leic. by whom he had iflue John, 
heir apparent, act 2, 1619, and three other fons, William 24 

fon, ast. X, George 3d fon, aet. 2, 1 622, and Francis 41^ 

fon.--— Arms quarterly i and 4, G. and A. a fpread eagle wingf 
argent« tals. or: — 2 and 3. B. 3 fpcars, Ihaft, or points B.— * 
Creft a lion iflfuing from a wreath, G.«-« bol(Ungjn his paws a 
warlike weapon,* 

In the fame vifitation book we find alfo the following account 
of Warde, in this parifli. 
** Warde de Carkoo Curlew. 

Theobald Ward de Carlton Curlew, ia Com. Lei^. ob. 25 
Henry VI, married Anne, datighter of — - Chefelden, (vide 
Pal. 20 Henry VI, pi. 2. m. 30.) by whom he had Margaret, 
wife of John EUnfcy. 

Thomas Warde de Carlton Curlew, brother to Theobald, 
married Felicia, daughter of John Friiby de Carit&n, whoie fon, 
John Warde de Carlton Curlew, married — — daughter of . 
Allen de Markiield, in Com. Ldc. whofe fon, John W^de d^ 
Carlton Curlew, married Elizabeth, daughter of Robert AQvby, 
of Quenby, in Com. Leic. whofe fon and heir, Thomas War^ 
de Carlton Curlew, married Alicia, daughter of William Barton, 
of Bramfton, in Qoca. Rutland, whofe eldeft fon, George Ward 
de Carlton Curlew, et de Marfton Truflfell, 1619, married Jane, 
daughte;r ^nd heir of John White de Marfton TruITeU, ii^ Com: 
Northampton, by whom he left iflue John his fan and heir, aet. 
^ftp, 16x9, and three daughters, Ifrances, Elizabeth, and Mary. 

• Vifitation of Leiceftcr, 1910, Muf. Brit. Biy. Harl. 11 to. 

£ 2 Arms« 

l8 Tfur thro* the Midland Counties. 

Arms. B. a crofs fleurc int. 4 annulets O— — * 

** I cannot here omit one obfervation, (fays Barton) which 
(by fome) hath been made of the naturalifts of this town, that all 
thofe who are born here, have an har(h and rattling kind of fpeech. 
uttering their words with much difficulty, and whnrling in the 
throaty and cannot well pronounce the letter R ; which, whether 
it be from fome peculiar property of the water, foil, or air, or 
by fome fecret cfieA or operation of nature, I cannot well difco- 
▼er." After various quotations and authoriiies to prove the ef* 
feAs that water, foil, and air, produce upon the human body, 
he concludes with the following curious anecdote. *^ And as | 
remember, in the year 1592, when Queen Elizabeth came iix 
progrefs to Oxford, (I then being a (Vudent in Brazen -nofe CoU 
lege,) amongft many queflions, which were difcuficd in St. Ma- 
ry's, before her Majefty, there was one in Phyfic; whcih^r tha^ 
the air, or meat, or drink, did mod change a man i And a mer-v 
ry Doftor, Doftor RatclifFe, going about to prove the negative, 
Ihewed a large big body, a great belly, a fide waift, all, as he 
faid, fo changed by meat and drink, defiring to fee any there fo 
metamorphofed by the air. But it was concluded (by the mo- 
derators) in the affirmative, that the air had greater power of 

Leaving now Newton-Harecourt, another ancient Lordftiip of 
that family, a little on our left, we pafs thro' the village of Great- 
Glen, in the fame Hundred of Gertre ; called alfo in old record^ 
Glen Marcell, from an ancient family of that name, who wer^ 
Lords of it. In the time of Henry II, Eudo Marcell Was feifed 
of this Manor. In 6th of Edward I, Rc^er de-la Zouch, held 
lands here. And in 20th Edward Hi, Henry Fitz Roger wtt 
Lord of this Manor, held of the honor of Winchefter, to whom 
that king, in 22 of his reign, granted liberty of keeping here a 
market and a fair. 

In 20th of Richard III, John de Bonville was Lord of thia 

It came afterwards W Henry, Duke of Suffolk, by defcent 
from Bonville ; after whofeattaindery it came to John Neal, 
Gent, great- grandfon to Sir Richard Neal, Knt. one of the Juf- 
tices of Common Pleas, in Edward IVth's time, whofe foc| 
George Neal was Lord of it in Burton's time. 

This church, uhich is a Vicarage, formerly belonged to the 
Abbey of Alenccfler, having a Chapel of Eafe^ StFetton-Magtian 
♦ Vif. ttt fupr, IbkAf <— 69^ 


Tour thro^ the Midland Counties . 29 

titntted about two miles north^eaft of it, which manor formerlf 
belonged to the Harecoorts above-mcn^^ned, and now to Sir 
George Robinfon, Bart, who has a feai here. 

Having now entered the Hundred of Guihlakcfton, as we ap- 
proach Oadcby, fee peeping on our right the fpire of Sioughton, 
which formerly was a feat of the Beaumonts, and now belongs to 
the Kecks. On our left the two fpires of Wigfton, in old deeds 
written Wickingeiton ; which formerly having two churches, was 
called JVigfton with two ftceples. One of thcfc chuiches has 
been long out of ufe ; but is now converted into a fcbool. 

In the 6th Henry I, Sir John Swlllington was Lord of this 
Manor. Roger de Quincy, Earl of Winchcfter, gave 40 yard 
lands in this town unto Hugh de Vere, Earl of Oxford, in frank-^ 
marriage with his fifler Haweis de Quincy, in the time of Henry 

In the reign of Edw. I, Sir Simon Friday, Kt. Robert dc 
Champaign, and Wm. de Winterborne, held lands here of the 
honor of Winchcfter. The churches anciently belonged to the 
Prior of Lenton. The prefent church is a vicarage, of 'which, in 
Burton's rime, John Law, Gent, was the Patron. 

The Tillage of Oadby, which we now pafTed (hro\ exhibits 
pothing fcarcely but roofs of roofs grown thatch, upon mud and 
clay walls ; yet the church is large, confiding of a good nave with 
ailes, and a large chancel. 

Within two miles of Leicefter, we leave, clofe on our left, the 
village of Knighton, famous for being the birth-place of thtf 
learned hiftortan Henry de Knighton, Abbot of LeiceAery who 
vrrote his hiftory from William the Conqueror, to the time of 
Richard II, in whofe reign he died. It is in the pariih of St. 
Margaret, in Leicefter, and has a fair Chapel, with a high fpire 

Leicefier, the capital of the County, tho* of magnitude and 
antiquity fuflident to occupy much time and attention, delayed 
QS but a (hort time. Such remarkable places are already >yell 
known to the worlds Camden, Burton, and other writers, have 
fufficiently difplayed the remarkable events, antiquities, and prin* 
cipal features of this opulent and popu'ous town. Mr. Nichols 
is alfo about to illuftrate this place, cf which we have feen many 
curious engravings. And it is not our intention to repeat what 
has been iaid at large by our predeceflors, but to fly to objefls 
)^s Hpowh or inTeftigated. 

( 7i be continued. ) 

Art. IV. 

^ S$me Jccowa rfGrtimuich^ im Km^f He. 

.Art. IV. Smu Account of Grtemuicb^ in Kcnt^ with tig Mmm*^ 
puntal I^/iriptions, Ucn in the Parijb Cburcb, dedUaUd U St. 

Greeawicb, in LatiQ, Grenovicum, or Viridis Sinos, and ia 
Saxoff Greaawic, that is, the Green town, upon the creek of the 
river, is fituate m the Hundred of Suttou Lath. At the time of ' 
the Dani(h invalioo, this place was made remarkable for being <|ie 
harbour of their Fleet, but more particularly for the cruelty which 
they exercife*^pon Ealpege, Archbiftiop of Canterbury ; whom 
in the year 1012, they put to death by moft exquifite torments. 
The particulars of which, tho' Camden and later writers have 
given them, we ft all here infert, as being connected with our 
other materials. 1 hey are thus defcribed by Ditmarus Merfe* 
purgius, who lived about the fame time, in the eighth book of hif 
Chronicles. •* I underftood (fayth he) by the relation of Seward; 
a pitiful deed» and therefore memorable, viz. that the perfidiouf 
aew of Northman * Soldiers under Thurkil, as yet their captain, 
took that excellent prelate, Archbiftiop of the City of Canterbury, 
named Elphege, and him after their wicked manner imprifoned 
and bound, yea and put him to endure famine, and unfpeakable 
pains. This good man, moved with human frailty, promifetb 
unto them a fum of money, and for the obtaining thereof, did fet 
down a time between ; that if in this fpace, he could not by fome 
acceptable ranfom, efcape this momentary death, he might yet in 
the mean while purge himfclf with many a groan, to be offered a$ 
a lively fecrifice unto the Lord, But when all the time and fpace 
appointed were come and gone, this greedy gulph of pirates called 
forth the fervant of the Lord, and in threatening wife demand 
this tribute promifed unto them, to be fpeedily and out of hand 
paid. Then he, as a meek iamb, " Here am I, quoth he, ready to 
undergo ever for the love of Chrift, whatfoever ye prefume now to 
do againft me, that I may deferve to become an example of his 
Tervants, and nothing am I troubled at this day. And whereas I 
feem unto you a liar, it is not my own will, but great need and 
poverty that hath done it This body of mine, which in this 
fxile I have loved over much, I prefent unto you as culpable unto 

vou ; and I know it is in your power to do with it what ye intend ; 
but my finful foul, that regardeth not you, I humbly commend 

'^ '*" ' ^all things.'* As he was thus fj 

prophane wretches hemmed 1 

^ Nonnaaoi Ggalfyiog the Panes. 

«^%.» ^mj «.».«vi. «VM<, ■,t«M«, •vg«&u\*i.u uvi. juu, A iiuuii/ty commcua 
to the creator of all things.'* As he was thus fpcaking the wholis 
rabble of ihefe prophane wretches hemmed hhn round aboutj 


Sime Atcmnt of Greenwich, in Ksnty (fc. 3I 

mnd getteth together diveife and fuadry weapons to kill him, 
which when thar leader Tborkill faw afar off, he came quickly 
ranning, and crying, ** Do not fol befeechyou^ and here with my 
whole heart I deliver unto you all my gold and filver, and what- 
(bever I have here, or can by any means come by, fave my (hip 
only, that yon would not fin againft the Lord's anointed. But 
*this unbridled anger of his mates, harder than iron and flint, was 
nothing molified with fo gentle words, and fair language c^ his, 
but become only pacified by (bedding his innocent blood, which 
prefently they altogether confounded and blended with ox-heads. 
Hones as thick as hail, and billets hurled at him.'* 

He was thus barbaroufly murdered the 19 of April, lOf 1, and 
was for a long time after particularly refpcAed by the inhabitants, 
as a Martyr ; and their parifli churdi is dedicated to his memory^ 

The fbllowmg Church notes are tranfcribed from a MS. entitled, 
«' Collectanea Ecclefiaftica, Hifiorica, & Academica, E.ColleA. 
T. Baker, Muf. Brit, Bibl. Harl. 7048. . 

*< Monumenta et Infcriptiones in Ecclefia Farochiali dcs 
Greawkh m Agio CastiaQo. 

^* Oa the top ef the partition wall between the nate of the 
Church and the Chanceil. 

'* This church was ereAed, and dedicated to the Glory of 
God, and memory of St. Alphage, Archbi(hop of C'\nt : here 
flayne by the Danes, becaufe he would not ranfome his life by an 
nnreafonable fumme of money. An. 1012. 

^ Under the portraiture of Queen Elizabeth lying in ftate on a 
large p«iiik table upon the wall of the fomh && of the nave of 
the church. 

Olim parva fnit Grenoticum Villa, fed Ortu Virginis, AugufU 
Clarior urbe micat. 

^ Oa a fair white marble fixt in the wall of the eaft end of the 


'* This Monument, 
Was enfted to preferve the memory of the incomparable Mr. 
Thomas Talis, who lies buried near this place, and had on his 
graveftone this underwritten epitaph. 

Interred here doth lye a worthy Mright, 
Who long in.facred mufick bore the bell, 
.His name to Ihtw he Thomas Talis hight^ 
la honeft virtuous life he did excelU Hc 

59 Sgme J€€OUni of Gnvtwicb^ inKtrii, iSiu 

' He ferv'd long time in chaple with great pratie^ 
Four Sovereigos's reigqs, a tbiog oot often feen; 
I mean King Henry, and Prince Edwards days^ 
.Queen Mary, and Elizabeth our Queen. 

He married was, though children he had non^ 
And liv*d in love full three and thirty years 
With loyal fpoufe whofe name yclept was Jone, 
W^o here intomb*d» him company now bears. 

As he did live, fo he did alfo dye. 
In fQild and quiet fort, o happy man I 
To God fulloft for mercy he did ary. 
Wherefore he lives, let death do whaf it can. 

Near the Communion Table. 

Here lieth the body of Colonel Richard Oxenden, who deceaTed 
the 17th of Oftober. 

Anno Domini 16979 
Aged 84 years. 

Near him Sarah his wife, who died 12th of Augoft) An. 1700. 

On a fair marble monument affixt in the wall on the fouth filfe 
of the Church. 

Hie fitus e(l Gulielmus Lambarde, Londinenfis, in Hofpitio Ju- 
rifconfultorum Lincolnienfi Paredrus ; in Alma Cancellaria Ma- 
gifter ; ad tempus Cudos Rotulorum ec Recordorum infra Turrim 
London. Ab Alienacionibus (quas vocant) Auguftiffimae An- 
glorum Rcginse Elizabethse, cujus facrae Memoriae et Nomini con* 
fecratum fuo fumptq folus, et fundavit et annuo Reditu dotavit 
CoUeginm Pauperum Grenovici in Cantio. Obiit An. Dni 1601, 
Auguftt 19° die, apud Weftcombe, in EftGrenwich. 
Arcnaionomia 1568. Jufticc of rhc Peace 1581. 

Perambulation otKcnt 1570. Pandemia Rotulorum x6oo. 
Archeion 1591* 

Hie etiam fitus eft Moultonus Lambarde de Weftcombe in Eft 
Greenwich in Com. Cantiae. Eques Auratus, Fillus etHseres prae- 
di£ti Gulielmt Lambardi. Obiit An. Dni x634» Augufti 7*^ die 
apud Weftcombe. Hoc. M. S * 

* This monttment, on takioc; down Greenwich Church, was removecl 
to Sevenoak, at the ezpence of Thomas Lambard, Efq. his defcendant. 
See p. 504 of Bibl.|Top. No. XLIl. wbi«h contains Biographical Anecdotes 
ol this great Antiquariui. 


Some -Auvmt rf Grmmkhf h Kini^ (^ |^ 

Parcnti grandaevo Colcndiffimo, ct Patri CarifEmo, Officii ct 
amoris ei^go poTuit Tho. Lambard artnfgcr S&m snicus et Hzres 
praedidi Moultoni Lambardi Equitis Aurati. 

On the north fide of the church-yard, . 

Hie jacet Robertus Boreman, D. D. Rcftor Ecclefi^ S. JE^ 
gidii-in Campis, Praebcndarius _ Weflmonafterienfis Qui obiit , 
15*^. die Novembris, Anno. Dni 1675. 

At the caft end of the faid jnooDment lyetb interred the body 
of Dame Dulcibeila Boreman, who departed this life the 7tb oif 
December, 1675. 

On a black marble altar ftone, in th« north fide of the 

Gulielmus Boreman Armig. qui com R^ds Elizabetblv 
Regtbufq. Jacobo et Carolo (decurfis LX. Annis) fideltfliine 
ferviiTet, Animam Deo pacate reddidit ultimo die Junii, Anno 
falutis MDCLVI. ^tatifque fuae LXXXII. 

Recnmbttnt hie paricer Jana conjuK ipftos probailflim«, Ambo- 
rum Flli^ Sufanoa et Jana« Hoc iofttrttrraat omnes Poflert$; 
** ^odfumuSf eritis*'* 

On a fair white marble monument with a buft, in the eaft end of 
the fouth ifle of the church. 

Sacred to the memory of Sir William Hooker, Knt. tsf ^ft-« 
Greenwich^ in the County of Kent, and Letida hit firft lady, 
daughter of Francis Coppinger, of Middiefex, Efq. who lie 
buried in a vault built by Sir William Hooker, for his family in 
this church. He fcrved their Majeftics King Charles the Second ; 
King James the Second; and King William the Third; as De* 
puty Lieutenant, and Jnflice of the Peace. He was Sheriff^ 
London and Middlefex in the great plague and dreadful fire of 
London, in the year 1665. He was Lord Mayor of London, 
in the year 1674, in which places he acquitted himfelf with 
loyalty, honor, and honefty. He had by his fir ft lady three 
fons, and four daughters. His fecond lady was Snfanna, daugh- 
ter of Sir Thomas Ecndifti, of Baropftead, in the County of 
EITex, Baronet. He finiflied his well fpent pilgrimage the loth 
of July, 2697, in the 85th year of his age. This monument it 
^dSttd by his only fon William Hooker, Efq. 

J4 Church Notet at Tillingham^ iH Effex. 

Art« V. Church Nates at Tillingham, in SJix. 

Over the foudr pdrch of the church. 

** This church and fteeple vere repaired in the year of our 
Lord »786/^ 

Epitaphs in the church, 

<< An infcription in brafs for Margarett Wyott, who died ift 

On a fmall brafs in the fouth wall, a kneeling figure at a dftik 
with this infcription. 

<< Hie fepnltus eft Edwardus Wioc Armiger qui e vivis inctffit 
ficefimo nono die Julii Anno Domini 1584. 

Hoc erit exiguum noftri tibi pigDus amoris, 
Mec tamen exigui pignus amoris erit." 

On a flat ftone in the Nafcareinfcriptions in brafs for John 
Wakeman, of TiUingham, Yeoman^ who died December 21, 


A Latin infcription for James Sherman, S. T. P. a a years 
ReSor, who died Nov. 13, i666» aged 50. 

John Debancke Rector died 1601, and has an infcription here 
in brafs. 

On an altar- tomb in the church yard. 

Arms three fleurs de Lis. 

^ Here lies the body of Charles Cockett, fon of Tbotnac 
Cockett and Jane his wife, of Reddinges in this parifli, the firft 
of that name there, who departed thib life the 16th day of Judq, 
1714, aged 17 years and 7 months. 

Whole life and death aiTurance gave 
That he eternal life (hould have." 

Alfo near this tomb lye two former wives aod four other chil- 
dren of the fiud Thopoas Cpckett, by his faid two former wives," 


Purihir Onfidiratims^ ^' wbether tbi turity iic. 35 

On an upright ftooe. 

** H^re lyeth in hopes of a joyful refurre6lioa the reaaios of 
Anne Sewell, wife of John Sewell, who departed this life the 
13th of November, 1766, aged 26 years* 

'* She left behind hor an aiFcAionace but inconfolable hulband^ 
with a tender mother, two fifters and a brother to mourn her ir- 
repsrable lofs. She died lamented \ and an extraordinary inflancc 
of the, uncertainty of human life, (be was the fifth Hfler that died 
in childbed." M. Green. 

Art. Vr. Further Confidirations^ " whether the writ, by which 
" the eldeft fin of a Peer^ is called to the Upper Houfe, hy the 
•* ///// 0/^ his father's Barony, turns that Honor into a Barony 
''in Fee f 


Deriy, lUh January, 1790J 

Your CorreTpondent B. F. has in your firft Volume^ (p. 7$ and 
76,) confidered the queftion, •• whether the writ, by which the 
eldejl fon of a Peer, is called to the Upper Houfe, by jhc title of 
his father's Barony, turns that honor into a Barony in Fee ?'^ 
but as the reafoning made ufe of in his obfervations does not 
altogether meet my idea of the fubjeft, I beg leave with youc 
permiffion to offer my (entimeots upon it. 

The qucriion has been, fays your Correfjiondenry whether a 
Barony in Fee tail-male, was by the writ turned into a Baronjr 
in Fee tail-general, and he aflcs with great propriety, what magic 
power can the wrir have of thus enlarging the honor ? Perhaps 
however he might with equal propriety have extended his queftion 
farther, and have afked by what magic power can the writ divell 
^ the father of his Barony, in favour of his fon, (even though it 
fliould happen to be in favour of an eldeft fon) contrary to an 
eftabliftied principle of law, > nemo eft hacres viventis i 

Does the father furrender his Barony into the hands of the 
King ? if fo, it is a new creation in the fon, and he muft taka 
precedency in the Peerage accordingly. 

Does the father (as it hath fometlmes been held he may) lev]^ 
a Fine of his Honor to the ufe of the fon ? if fo, and that Fine' 
can tfk£i a good conveyance of the Honor, the fummons is then 

F % ' ottfy 

j6 fiurthir Con/UenrtkfH^ ** whether the tortty ^e, 

only fecundam formam pttentiSy {(nd is oaaore than the fummoDS 

ufaally iflbed to call the Peers to Parliament every Seffion. 

But your Correfpondent • • - — - thinks the fumtnoDS in 
qucAion m^y mod properly be confidered as an anticipation of the 
death. of the father, as to his Honor. I mud however with de- 
ftrcncc to yonrfelf, yonr readers, and this gentleman, infift that, 
fhat is a prfnciple which the law will not admit of. It is trae 
mdced, tltat where a perfon enters into a monaftical life the law 
tes confidered (beh his encra&ce as a civil death, by reafon of his 
feckrfioQ from fecular affairs, yet it mud be a very nice refinemeot 
on reafoning to extend that rule fo as to fupport the principle kid 
dawn by yonr Correfpondent, 

To come a little nearer to the queftion, I will, with your leave, 
|kit a fimpte cafe analogous to the fubjeA. Sappofe A. is by 
patent invefted with thedignitjx^of a Baron, to hold to him and his 
heirs in tail male, aotd dies, leaving iilue two fons B. and D. 
B. is created a Duke, and has ilTue C. who after the death of 
A* the gruadfftther, tnd la the life time of B. the father receives 
writ of Summons to Parliament by the title of his fathcr^5 Baro- 
ij} tha^ afMT C. tb^ grandfoo' is fo fummooed to Parliament, 
£k the teher is fotind guilty xod attainted. Shall not the dignity 
of the Baronage in that cafe devolve oo D. or bis iflse male, per 
ibrmam -doni? And (hall not C. and his iflfue by virtue of his 
^umnioiis eojoy the Honor of Barons in Fee ? For I conceive ic 
i^poffiblc t^tC the . grandfon, or any of hisiifue (hould be 
intltled to the Barony by inheritance, under the grandfiatber^i 
patcat, fince riteir claim of the inheritance being broken by the 
attainder of B. the title mud so inflanti vcft in the niale defcend* 
aiK of A. eext is priority whofe blood is oncorrupted. And yet 
the Attainder of B. fhaU not dived C. of his title or Barony by 
Cw MPo si, fbr, though tione can claim through B, C may take by 
gift or purchaife, and his ifTue may take by inheritance, making 
him the root of their anoeftry. 

, Your Correfpondent a(ks; ^^ what is it (i. e.. the writ) more 
than fimply satkrpatiag the death ^ the father as to his Honor 
only I And if fo, nnoft not a writ of fummons iflue of coarfe as 
^ that! Honor r' And thus giving the writ the double capacity of 
caufe and confequence ; he firfl confiders it as eiFeAing the ideal 
death of the father, and afterwards as iffuing in confequence of 
that death : but, as I believe it is on all hands admitted that s 
Barony remains as abfohitely vefted m a Peer after his creation to 
r higher rank in the Peerage as before, fo I cannot couctive the- 


Further CtnfiHtraiiemi *' whaihir tit writ, bfc. 57 

King's writ alone fuffident to diveft biiaof that Barony by tott<* 
<;ipadQg his death and veiling it in bis fon, and if the law admits 
of a furrcnder or conveyance of the Barony from the fiither, he 
may furreoder it for the benefit of, or convey it to, his fecond or 
Vhird fon or any other perfon, and thereby make as many Peers 
a^ he has diSereat Baronies legally vefted in him : for, as to Bar^ 
nies in being, the writ of fummons to Parliament is a right append* 
ant which it hath not hitherto been held a matter of election ia 
the Crown to grant or withold As however i cannot admit thac 
a Peer has the right to fell or otherwife difpofe of bis Barony* 
nor that the writ of fummons to the fon (living the father) is ai^ 
anticipation of the Other's death, I think the writ in this cafe 
tfFeAs the creation of a new Peerage. 

Let tts now look to the cafes he has cited to fupport his arga* 
Sient by the practice. 

The fir ft be mentions is the Barony of Townfhend, of Lynn. 
This title was granted the 20th of April, 1661, together with 
the title of Vifcount Townftiend to Sir Horatio Townftiend, Bart, 
who had iflue Charles, fecond Vifcount Townfiiend, whofe fon 
Charles in the life time of his father (viz. a4th of May, 1723,) 
was fummoned to Parliament by the title of Baron Lynn, of 
Lynn Regis, and on his father's death in 1738, became third 
Vifcount Townfliend. He had iffue George, now fourth Vif- 
count Townfliend, and Marquis Townfliend his eldeft fba, 
whofe eldeft fon is George, now Earl of Letccfter. ^ 

The next is the Barony of Oiborne. This title was granted 
15th of Auguft 1673, to Sir Thomas Ofborne, Bart, who on the 
4th of May, 1694, was created Duke of Leeds, and died 1712. 
Peregrine his eldeft fon was fummoned to Parliament by the title 
of Lord Oiborne, 14th of March, 1690, he afterwards becMiie 
(ecood Duke of Leeds, and died 1729. Peregrine His «only foa 
(who had iffue) was fummoned to Parliament by the title of Lord 
Oiborne, 31ft of January, 17 if, and afterwards became third 
' Duke of Leeds, and died 1731. Thomaa his only fon was 
fourth Duke of Leeds, and died 1789, leaving iflue Francis his 
only furvtring fon, now fifth Duke of Leeds, who had fummons 
to Parliament whiift his father was Uving, by the title of Lord 

The next is the Barony of Bruce, of Whorltoo. Charles 
Bruce (fon of Thomas, fecond Earl of Aileibury,) was fummoned 
to Parliament by the title of Lord Bruce, of Whorhon, (which 
title never before exifted in the family,} on the 31ft of December^ 


jS Further Conjidiratiom^ ^ whether the writt Ve. 

tytiy and on the 17th of April, 1746, had a grant of the dig^ 
Bity of Lord Bruce, of Totienbaoi, to bimrelf and the heirs maler 
of bis body, with remainder to bis nephew Thomas Bruce Brode- 
ncU, and his heirs male. This Charles Lord Bruce, of Whorl- 
ton and Tottenham, afterwards became third Earl of Ailesbury, 
and died 10th of February, 1746. He had iffue two fons who 
died before him without iifte and three daughters^ Mary, mother 
of James late Duke of Chandos, whofe ifTue is an only daughter! 

Elizabeth, who married the Hon. Benjamin Bathurft, but hcf 

died widwut iffue •, and another Mary wife of Charles, now Duke 
of Richmond. For want of iffue male of Charles, third Earl of 
Ailesbury, the Barony of Bruce, of Tottenham, devolved by virtoo 
of the patent on the before named Thomas Bruce Brudenel; but 
the Barony of Bruce, of Whoriton, being by virtue of the furti- 
Dons (which was prior to the patent) a Barony in Fee, is now In 
abeyance between the daughters or iheir iffue, and the King may 
fummon any of the claimants or withold his fummons from all at 

The laft is the Barony of Hervcy, of Ickworth. John, firft 
Earl of Briftol, being Baron Hervcy, of Ickwordi, by Letter^ 
Patent, had iffue John his eldeft fon, and fometime heir apparent, 
who was fummoned to Parliament by the title of Baron Hervey, 
of Ickworth, and died in his father's life time, leaving iffue 
(amongft other children) George his eldeft fon, who fuccecdcd 
bis grandfather and was fecond Earl of Briftol, and died without 
Tffue, Auguftus fecond fon who fucceeded his brother and was 
third Earl of Briftol, and alfo died without iffue, and Frederick 
third fon, now fourth Earl of Briftol, and Bifhop of Derry- So 
that in three of thefc cafes, viz. the firft, fecond, imd fourth, the 
&me pcrfon being heir male under the patent, and heir general 
under the fummons, there has never been an opportunity of try- 
ing the queftion, and the third cafe being filent by reafon of the 
abeyance I cannot difcover on what grounds your Correfpondent 
has built his certainty that the writs in thofe cafes did not create 
Baronies in Fee. Tho : Blore. 

The Editors beg leave to fay that the Arguments of their Ccrrer 
/pendent, tho* very ingenious^ are not fatisfa£iory to them.^ 

Indeed the law upon thefubje^ " determined^ and^eafons^ which 
appear to them, concluftve, fuggefl themfelves to their minds, for thi 

determination. , ^ .,, if. 

But they will beftlent at leajl till next month, that they may give, 
U. F. an opportunity of defending his own opinions. 

January %otb, 179a 

Thrii Idyls, ^t^- 3J 

Art. VII. Three Idyls, written at Anchor-Churchy Derhyjhirim 

The following poetic efFofions written lad fummer on an excur- 
fion down the River Trent, being fufiiciently topographical, re» 
quire little apology Tor our introducing them in this work. And 
while they difplay mach of the elegance and energy of the admired 
author 9* wetruft they will be no unwelcome m^rr^i^u toour readers. 

Who has ever vifited delightful DerbyQiire, or wandered on 
the banks of Trent, but feels a wifli to have any of thofc beauties 
recalled to his memory ? The fcenes and objects introduced by 
the Poet are truly intereding, renowned Repton, Anchor Churchy 
and the lofty ruins of Tutbury. 

As defcriptive of the wild and beauteous courfe of the river 
Trent, Shakefpear himfelf In Henry 1V» writes thus: 

Hot/pur,) Methinks, my moiety, north from Burton bere^ 

In quantity equals not one of yours : 

See, how this river comes me cranking in, 

And cuts me from the beft of all my land, 

A huge half-moon, a monftrous cautle out. 

I'll have the current in this place damn'd up ; 

And here the fmug and filver Trent (hall run» 

In a iiew channel, fair and evenly : 

It (bail not wind with fuch a deep indent. 

To rob me of fo rich a bottom here/' 

This river was the fcene of the following Idyls. 

Go feftal bark, and Pleafure fprcad thy fails f 

Indulgent Trent refleAs a lover's fmile, 
Andl woos with wbifperiog reed fuch gentle gales. 

As fpeed thy oourfe, nor vex bis waves the while. 
Go by the marge of his fair winding vales 

To yoQ roouDtic difl^f whofe fainted pile. 


* The Rtv. W. B, Sterent, Author of Indian Odef, Retirement, vbA 
jOther Poems, tnd Mailer of Repton School, Derbyihtre. 

t ADchor*Chvrch, a curious Hermitage belonging to Sir Robert Bur- 
dett, Bart, at Foremark in Derbyftire* It is 6tuated about half a mile 
north of the bouie, amidft a chain of rocks that hang abruptly over exten- 
/sre meadows on the margin of the river^ and plainly e?ioce in their origin 


4P Tbr^elJ^s, fifr. 

With all Its waviDg oaks thy comifig hails I 
fex«>lting go — yet mindful that the fate 
Of thoufand hearts mud on thy fafety wait, 

for never Cyprian bark could boaft fo fair a freight. 


Romantic ClifF, in Supcrftition*sday, • 

Whofe chamber'd rock was fcoop'd by holy hand I 
WheVe loft to earth (as Cloy tter- Legends fay) 

His church and cell fome woe- worn Anchoret plan'd! 
Yet cjiofe he not a drear ungenial file ; 

See, o'er that fmooth expanfe of paflures green, 
What ftiant mountains heave their diftunt height ; 

While glitters, as he xvinds, bright Trent between t 
Thofe lone and lifted towers,* that awe the Weft, 

See frowning K)\\ o^er. Wary*s regal woes I 
And mark tbar graceful fp;re f above the creft 

Of yon fair hill, where Mercians kings rcpofe ! 
Religious cliff 1 forgive, with other view, 

With vow lefs holy, if our pilgrim train 
Short fojourn fweet in thy recefs renew. 

Nor deem gay Pieafures feftal rites profane, 

When Beauty's fmlle divine illumes thy rural reign! 

fome ereat convulfion of nature. Rcclufe fcenes, (imihr to thefe, Bare 
been difcovered in various parts of the kingdom, where the early religious 
were wont- folely to devote therofe1ve« to their God i but none' feems lefs 
divulged, or to have been \cU enquired jota than this, tho' perhaps the 
moft confiderable- Warkwoxth, ^n Northumberiand, has been minutely 
investigated and celebrated by the Poet. It is by nature much JD^erior in 
(ize and beauty, but made fuperior by art. There the Hermit has in the 
ImkIv of the hard rock hewn out a perfe^ Cathedral in minitture. Here 
the ruder Anchorite has left little difplay ot art, and iioUowed out his /oofs 
without Qiape or form. Whatever was xm ufe, it no doubt exiilcd at a very 
early period. There is no certainty about it, and even ci'mmon tradition 
is very feeble and imperfcf^. That human bones have been dug up on the 
fpot is unqueftiouabk, and there are flill left tlie rude trMe« of • 6g«r« fome- 
what fepuJchral beneath the rock. Further of its uiigin and ufe we will not 
attempt. And tho* the antiquary may be difappointed not to be able to 
know more, yiet tbe common tttv<:lter,'and the a rriH a^ fujEciently de- 
lighted with its exifteoce ; for a more beauttous and romantic fcepe is oM 
to be found. It was engraved by Vivares after Smith, 1754* 

• Tutbury Caftlc. Sec Topog. VoL I. p. •4. 

t Repton, which will be dekribed and engrawd ia the sextor fuocscd* 
iBg Number. 

IDYL. «r. 

Rethrri, l(5V'd baA, for lb, the falling <fay 

THfbw^ fhaJowy light alhwart Tf eftis^-ofier'd edge. 
White haft'dlng^ from (he dafliirig oar away, 
. The timid ^gtffetS feck thfe fliclterihg fedge. 
With mifty veil d*erliang ! — Ah, now return ! — 

i'hy fimple tertt protefts a deacrer charge. 
Than Cydnas ownM, Whed tffft his trophied urn, 

Pour'd wavy fpleodor round that gorgkdlii Barge, 
Whofe filvcr oars to Ltfte^ Idalian pliy'a, 

Whofe filken ftreamers Cupid felf unfurl'd. 
As down his tide the floe(tiDg pomp c6nvey*d 

1 he boaft of love and rival of the world. 

Art. Vill atfd IX. Chunk Notts ini MoHuniental IrfcriptiwSj 
btc. in Cannbck and Norton Subtef Cannock^ Staffhrdjbirfi 
ailmltd in 17(50, hy Mr. W. IValker. tf AUfi^e, in Stafi^ 

Atx. Vllf. Cannkkt Stafin^ire. 

On the north fide of the Chancel the efSgies kneeling. 

Here lyeth the body of Mary Warynge, daughter of Richard 
Broughton, Efq. deceafcd, one of the Juftices of the Aifizes ia 
North Wdeis, ibd of Ann his wife, daughter of Ricbafd Bagott, 
of Blithfield, Efq. She died the laft of May, 161 3, lived a vir- 
' tuods Jife, Uft her 3 foenes and 2 daughters, all of tendef age to 
her forrowfull husha6d« and them all to the Graces of God 
whofe will be done for ever more. 

On a fiooe erected on the north fide of the Communioo Table. 

Here lyeth the body of Elizaberh Bagott, daughter and heir of 
Thomas Rotherhaoi, of Sotamerefle, in the County of Bddford, 
Knt. wife of Colonel Harvy Bagot, of PypeHall. in Wai^ick(hir«^ 
fecond fon of Sir Harvy Bagot, of Blithfield, in the County of 
Stafford, Baft. She departed this life, July 13th, 1685, in the 
7 2d year of .her age, leaving one daughter Elizabeth* 

Q . Ia 

4^ Nort9n Suhur Ctmn$cJt, Staffordfinr^ 

Iq the North Ifle of the Church. 

Sacred to the memory of William Alport, Clerk, who gave 
his houfe, &c. in Cannock, with all his lands freehold and copy- 
bold in the pari(h thereof for the ufe and better maintenance of 
the Minifters, whether ReAors, Vicars, or Curates of the Churches 
and Chapels of Bromky-Abbats, Sharfhall, Penkeridge, Lapley^ 
Colwifli, Wefton fuper Trent, Bednall, and Brewood, as by his, 
will appears, bearing date December 21, 1 720. He died Decern. 
15th, Anno Domini 1721. 

The will was proved at Aylesbury, in the County of Bucks, in 

In the (ame Ifle. 

In memory that Mrs. Elianor Alport left all her eftates in Ham- 
merwiOi to the Minifters of Abbots Bromley, Sherfliill, Penker« 
idge, Copenall, Wefton upon Trent, Caftle Church, Bloxwick, 
9xA Bradley, near Stafford, as appears by her laft will, who de- 
parted this life the 4th day of May, Anno I>omini 1730. 

Round the Verge of an Alabafter Stone in tbe Chancellj called 
Finneys Chancell. 

ij^rope Heefce^ qui obiit 3I3|3| Ofe 

Art. IX. Norton SubUr Cannock^ Staffor4/hire* 

On an handfome monument of marble on the north«eaft fide of 
the Communion Table. 

H. S. E. 

Ferrers fil. Primogen. Thomae Primogen. 

R^ri Fowke de Brewood Arm. 
Puxit in Uxorem Francefam fil. de Moreton 

Briggs de Haughton in Com. Salop. Bart. 

Ex quo Conjugio Prster 4 Jnfantules Immature 
Abreptot Natus eft Rogerus juveois Elegans 
iCut. Circ. a6 in Hofpitio Inter Tcmpli Lond. 


Atmumtntai In/criptions in Ca/lor C$unb, ifc. 4g 

Variolis ExtinAus & in Ejufdem Ecclefia^ 
Sepuitus A. D. 1 68 1. M. Aag. 

Maerens pater Senio Invaletudioe & Orbitatit 

Toedio Confeftus Parum Snperfair. 
IpTe fato CoQceffit Not. 26* A. D. 1682 

Fere Septuageoarios. 

Hoc Moo. P. Thofias Frater & Haeres 
Refecit & ex Lapidio Mansorium in 
Pcrennlorem Memoriam Pacruelis Sui 
Viri Boni & Optime de fe Meriti 
Fieri Curavlt P. G M. D. A. D. 1691 
Debemor Morti nos Noftraqne. 
^cernitate Cogita. 

Arms. A flower de luce impaling G. 3 bars Gemelles O* a 
canton Erm. 

On a Stone in the Paveipent under the above Monumeac. 

"Near to this place lie interred the bodys of Ferrers Fowkc, of 
Little Wyrley, in the County of Stafford, Efq. and Frances his 
wife, daughter of Sir Moreton Briggs of Haughton, in the County 
of Sabp, Bart, which Ferrers and Frances had iffue foos and 

daughters, which faid Frances departed this life the day 
of November, 1692 ; and the faid Ferrers died in the 26th year 
of his age, and was interred in the Inner Temple, London. 

Raifed on the third or big Bell this Circumfcription. 

The other two Bells were caft in the year 1700. 

Art. X. Monumental Infcripiions in Cajlor Churchy Lincoln/hiri^ 

from Gervafi HalUss, MSS. ColL in BibL Harl. Brit. Muf. 

Ca(lon A. 1629. 

The north ille bath a quire built by the family of Hoondon) 
as a hounde on the top fet as a finall doeth (hew. 

^ Within it lyeth (as the tradition goes) Sir Joha of Hou'ndon ; 
bis effigies. of ftone in the full proportion, and compkat armour; 

G 9 

44 A&ffumepfal f^^rfpii^nt in Cfifior Churf^t f^f* 

his handes clofecl» and creflqd^ at his head t\yQ qj^gplls .Cuppp^itiog 

his pillow at either end. 

A little below without the partitioo lyeth under an arch in the 
wall another of the fame taxnily, (as the towDefmcn lay) inuch 
more auQcient, crofTe legged» his helmet, and gorget of mail, 
curioufl7 wrought, as likcwife upon bis armes, and Icggef,' his 
fwor^ hanging in a belt, upon which lyctfa a tiroad target, his 
furcoate large plaighted, a ^all fillet of fiold di(Vingui%tb his 
helmet by the browes, and about the heal frqn) the reft of the 
fame worke, and mayle below: a houode under t)i,s fecte. 

Almod over againft this on a high built papnqq^cpt (^ Qp^e in 
full proportion (as the tradition goes) lyeth \h^ wife of the ajFore* 
named Sir John, of HounHen, her handes clofed, apd ercfted. 

This quire bclongeth > W l!iam Troijfdale, pf floandoo, 
Efq. to which family thein'n^rirance of Houndon defcended. 

Houndon bo e tor bis aims G. 3. Cheyrous *^ 
argti in the d€:Lier quarter a Talboc's head couped y Houodoo. 
argt — J 

In the fouth quire belonging to Sir Rafe Maddifoa. 

A <W^^ of white marble fett in the whU rayfed afcburj)ys 
fi^m two columes, within which in ^ tabliture of touc(i in.goid^ 
letiefs this inscription*: ' 

"Hie jacct pd)vardu9 M^fldifon Miles (jliua Cl^rUbplierl, 9^ 
l>{epps GulUlmi de Untbank in Com. Ouoeliqeiifu qui du^t in 
uxorem ^nnam filiam WiUielm! Roper de Eltnam in p5>iq» 
«* Canr. Arffl. de eacjem (uffepit Edwardum, CViftophorni^," 
Johannem, Aliciam, & centefimo Anno asiatls fuae bbiit. 14^. die 
Februarii. Anno Saluti^. 1553." 

Over this is the effigies of himfelfe armed, with gilt fpurres, 
his handes ereA, kneeling at a defke, oH which ^b^ke:4bove 
all his Atchievcment of Armes. viz. 

{Argv a Chevron between 3 M^^- 1 xm^a^Ct^^ 
letsSa:ioclofers. ^ ] MaddifDU. 

Arg. 2 Barres, G. in cbiefc 3 Torteux. 
Jjarry of 6 or, aqid vert. 
His Creft an arme -^xteade^ ij^ h^i hande a Battlcaxe ; his 
Motto. VshTimido! 

AiiT* XI. 

' . AllJ. %h China's Chapfly Buciingharn/bm. 


Jf yoM have not yet rflrceiv^d $k^ uiom fatlsfaftory particylire' 
of Chepfys Ctxopel, the few noies I (ook there IzA fuoimer are at 
your fcrvicc. 

Over ^hc «aft end of the Rufle! Chapel, which is fituatcjl on the 
^c^ rh fide of Cheney3 Church. 

** Aono Dom. 156^.* 

«< This chapel wa» biailc by Anne, Couniefs of Bedford, wife 
to JohP, Earl of Bedford, according toihela/l wiil of the faid 

Within the chapel at the eaft end is a marj^Itf monument to thd 
memory of this lady and her hufband, curioufly embellifhed with 
arms, the figure of the Earl in alabafter, lying on his back in 
a co^t of mail ; a coronet on his head ; and habited with the collar 
of the Ordjcr of the Garter. And by him his Countefs, and a co- 
ronet on her head, habited in a mantle. He died at RufTei-boufe, 
on March 14, 1554—5; his lady died as the (amc day and 
month^ exaftly five years after him. I had not time to copy th^ 
whole InfcfiptioD, bnt wifii you could get fome friend to fupply 
^bat and the rcA in the chapel j of which I have only (na« 
which follows; 

On a marble monument with figures of an Earl and Caanleb 
is this infoription in Roman- capiials, gilt. 









* K am noi quiie cenaia that this date 1% e^^nS. The La4y ^«d ia 


46 Chifieyi Chapel^ BueHnghamJhin, . 

On a black tablet, fupported by five pillars. 

'< Lady Frances Bouchier, daughter of William, Earl of 
Bathf by Elizabeth Ruffel, daughter of Francis, Earl of Bedford^ 
4ied Aug. 31, 1612, aged 26 years/' 

There is alfo a moaument with^ a figure and infcription, fer 
Lady Frances Chandos, who died in September, 1623; and was 
grandmother to William, Earl of Bedford. 

Another for Francis* Earl of Bedford, who died of the fmall 
pox May 9, 1641 ; and Catharine his Countefs, who died Janu- 
ary 29, 1653 — 4; with figures of them both. 

Alfo of their daughter, Anne, Countefs of Warwick ; with 
her figure.* 

At the weft end. of the chapel is a fplendid monument of Lord 
Williain Ruilei and his Lady, with medallions of nine children, 

Againft the fouth wall a very handfome monument. 

« To the memory of Wrioihcfly, Duke of Bedford, 

who departed this life the 26th of May 171 1, 

and of Elizabeth, Dutchefs of Bedford, his Confort, 

who departed this life the 19th day of June, 1724. 

Their only furviving fon John RulTell, Duke of Bedford, 

• The Peerage fays, The firft Duke of Bedford, who died i70«, aet. 87, 
was buried here, under a inoft ooble mooument erefted for him and his 
wife, with their figures, exhibiud under a Canopy, fupported by cwopiU 
lars of the Corinthiaa order. Editor^ 

a ^ has 

Hift9rj rf Mansfiildf in Ntttingbmi^r* 4| 

has caafed this mooomeat to be ere£led| 
in the year of our Lord 1769." 

In arches of the north wall are very old figures of a warrFor 
and a lady. 

The late Duke and his fon the Marqais of Tavifiock are both 
buried in this chapel ; but have neither of them yet any monn- 

In the church yard, on an altar-tomb. 

(Arms, on a fefs 3 garbs ^;im paling a Tufcan column, furmoimt- 
€d with a balloon ) 

" In expeAation of the fecond coming of Chrift, here refteth 
the body or John Vemoo, Gent, born at Nantwich in Chefhire, 
and for many years attendant in the thrice noble family of the 
Earle of Bedford ; who departed this life the 8th of February, 
1622* being aged 72 years; together with Palome his wife, who 
deceafed the 3d of January, 1650. She was daughter to Antho- 
ny Goodinere, (Jeweller to Queen Elizabeth;) by whom he had 
five fons, John, Daniel, Samuel, Nathaniel, and Ifaac; and 
four daughters, Hannah, Elizabeth, - - - and Lucy; whereof 
John, Daniel, Kaac, Hannah, and Jael, are here a(fo interred. 
In whofe memory the furviving children have laid this ftone.** 

Hoping this imperfvjfl Iketch may be the means of your obtaia^ 
iog a better account oi thb elegant church. 

I remain, 

Yours faithfully, 

M. Greek. 

Akt. XIL Hi/fory 0/ Aiansfiild, in N9ttingbamjbire. 

Maunsfeild or Mansfield, is fituated in the weft borders of the 
County, in Broxtow Hundred, and towards the extremity of 
Shirewood. '^ Soone after (fays Leland,) I entered within a 
mile or lefs into the very thick of the woody foreft of Shirewood, 
where is great game of deer, and fo I rode a five miles in the very 
woody ground of the foreft, and fo to a little pore ftreet a tho- 
iough£arie at the end of this wood.'**" 

* LeL val. I. fol* !!•• 

'* MoT«L 

4* HiJhtfifMtthf^Oi^ in M§Hinghii^f'e\- 

** More inl&fid \i SfiireWo6d, which fotee twM the char^ 
others the famus fo^eft, ainSetitly thiek fift with trees, whofe 
eptaagJed branches were To twifted together thar they hardly. irft 
rooiD for a fingle perfon to pafs. At prefcnt it is much tbionery 
but fiill b9eed» an iafioite oumber of deer and ftags^, with iolty 
aatleri, aod has iboie towns, among which Mamfield ^Xixtc^ ^i!tM- 
pre-emideoce, a market town of good rcfort, whofe name fomo 
^ bring in to confirm the cbioi of the German family pf Mamfitldy to 
antiquity; afferting that the firft Earl of Mansfield* whom they 
fctcB firdm hence, WHs-onedTKing Arthur's Idimd'Tftlfr. Our 
kings nfed to repair hither for t.he pleafure of the chace, afflff t<r 
ttfe the <^ds of ati dd inquifitioci ; " Henry Fahconberge Held 
the Manor* of Cukctrejr id this c<yuirty^, in fdrjeatftry by the fd-yferf 
of fhbeiflg the Icing's patfrey when the king caufe to Mansfield;* 

** Mannfrfeld a pretty market town of one parifc.*'t In 
Macnnesfetd King Ed*rard the Confcflor had a Mannor \irfricb jwfd 
to the Dane- geld for three carucats, add fix bov^ts. 'I*be land 
wad fhetJ nine carucats or pbw-lands. King WilKam the CoA- 
ijndror had three t^o carcar : or plows in demefire, and ffW 
Scrchmans or three Bb^afs of this land, and thirty-flvt tUlah^^ 
twenty borderers with nineteen car. and a half, oneiiiTrf, oa6 pif* 
cary 2is. twtfnty-fottr acres of meadow, paftufe wood two Ickt. 
Ibng, and two brosld; there were then rjfc churches and two 
prietts. Schegeby and Stffton were Bereves or Hamttis* of this 
great Mannor, the Sok whereof was very extenfive. 

Henry de Haftings held (a6 of Edward I, according to an Inq. 
in Con. Litf. Jul. C. 7) Maunsfield with the Sok, viz. Wudc- 
hUSj Swtton, and Ncttlewurd, and received yearly of the farm 
^.31 31. lOd. 

in the 6th Edward 11. the king granted the Mannor of Mauos- 
feld, with the Soke and farm of Lineby, and Carlton-chill ia 
this County, &c. 4o John Comyn, after the death of John CoiByo 
Earl of Buchan. ' 

John dc Haffings i a Edward II, praj^ed the I^ing'cdiicerniM 

the Manors of Mansfield, Ofwold-bek, and Leirton in this Couq- 

* ty, which King Heni-y III, that King's grandfather gave to Henry 

HafTTngs his great grandfather, and Ada his wife, in the 2Zd 

year'of hisVeign*. 

* GcHigh** Camden Vol. II. p. S84. 

t MS. Cott. Tit. A. XXIV. Cough's Additions. Vol.ll. p. 291. 


dfwoMbek contino^l in that noble fiiinily of Haftifig% bat 
.tjueen Ifabdl, 3 Edward HI, claimed the maoorof Maosfield, 
With the Soke tberttof, &c. at the fame time Mr. ADthooy de 
Bdc, Dean of Lincoln, pleaded that he was Faribn (Ptrfina Pir^ 
Jinata) in the church of Mansfield, as in the right of bis Deanery, 
and that he had diverfe tenants belonging to his fai4. pariooage, 
und that he apd all his predeceflbrs nfed to have aflife of bread 
knd ale.* 

Richard de la Vache Knight, 35 Edward III, is called Lord of 
Afannsfeld, but it feems he held it hot for life; he had Vent of 
affife here of the Fireehcdders £.l^ i y, 4d. ^ind two water-mill^ 
, yrorth ^.8 per ann. in the town, and one in Maunsfeld Wood- 
iioufe, and another in Sutton, Members of this M^or, and the 
;perqnifites of Mannsield Court, then valued at 10 marks, Ac. 

The King, 2 Richard II, committed the cuflody of chis Manor 
to John, the fon of John de Burle, Knt. 

The Jury, 1 1 Henry VL found that Alianor, who had been 
Hvife of Nicolas Dasworth, Chr. when (he died, held the Manor 
\c»f Mansfield and Lineby> and that John Inglefield, Efq. was 
, the<i her Ton and heir. 

Kipg.Heory VI in 31ft of his reign, granted thefe Manors to 
]£dmund. Earl of Richmond his brother, and Jafper, Earl of 
Pembrokei Henry, Earl of Richmond, was fon and heir of thd 
laid Edmund. • 

fiy ACk of Parliament, 6 Henry VIII, theft Manors amqogft 
many others in ihis and other Counties were fettled on Thomas^ 
Duke of Norfolk, (for his great viflory over the King of Scot- 
land, at Floddenfield,) but were then eg^changed by the King for 
jibme other ; and in Thoroton's time was the inheriunce^ and 
made part of the tides of the Duke of NewcaAIe-f 

This Manor came by defcent to the Duke of Portland, who is 
the prefeAt owner. 

Here is a free-fcbool founded by Queen Elizabeth, with two 
^fcbolarihips of/.io per ann» each, for the maintenaoce of two 
Scholars at Jefos College, Cambridge. It fgpports a head maf- 
ter and nlber ; there are church lands^ the profit of which are ap« 
propriated in the following manner. Two thirds of the whole 
to the Vicar; two thirds of the remaioder to the Head Mafter; 
the remainder to the uihen There is a boufe for the Head Maf- 

* Gotigh ut fupra. 

f Thorocon't Moctinghamihite, p. xit* 

H ccr 

Iter tdjoimiig the fchool. It is « town of titKle, principany in 
malt ; t mamifafibory of tbrctd has been eflablKhed ror fome yean, 
•nd lately fome cotton nAIla ba^ been btrilt. Here are fione 
qaarries in 4he ndghbonrbood of two kinds, free-ftone and com* 
mofi trough-ftooe. Newark town halt is brilt of the former aod 
is little interior to the Portland flone. 

** There was in the church of Mansfield before the time of Ed- 
ward VI, ten chantries, whole (ands Queen Mary gave ki Fee to 
Chriftopher Granger, Clerk, the Vicar, aod Wtliiam Wilde «Dd 
John Chambers, the IChurch Wardens of the parifli chnrch of 
Mansfield, by the name of the Governors of the lands and pof- 
feflions of the faid church, 24th of February, 4 and 5. Ph# 
and Mar. to fuftain one chaplain or prieft. 

The Vicarage of Mansfield was ;f.8, 'tis now ^^.7 Js. 6d. 
value IB the King's books, and the Dean of Lincoln concianes 

The Dean of Lincoln is ftili Patroo, and the prcfeot Vicar the 
RcT. John Durham* 

The following Church Notes are copied fi^om Genrais HoIlea*bMSS^ 
Cdfedlions in Bibl. Harh Brit. Muf. fia frequently ufed. 

( Mansfield in Sbinvood. ) 
In Feneftris Chori. 
X. Arg. a Iy<xt rampant Sa. a border of Gnquefoyles G. 


2. Arg. 6 annulets Sa^ 2. 2. 2. Manvers. 

3. B. 3 Hedgehogs or Heriz. 

This eicocheon is fupported with two beafts Kke Fummards Sa^ 

The creft a bead like a Fummard, or Polecat arg. 

A little below in the fame pane one in compleac armour white, 
parcel! guilt, his head bare, bis lockes yellow, before him a booke 
open lying as it were on a carpett embroydered with cinquefeyles^ 
kneeling upon a like carpett, his bands dofcd^ and derated. 
Vnderncath written : 

• Orate pro anima.— Pierpount. 

In the next pane a woman in red kneeling, hk handesdofed, 
and elevated. 

lo the next a man with a fluTen crowne kneeling, a booke 
open before him. 

Blakewali unus Magiftrorum. 

• Thoroton ut fupra, p. *7S« 


JfohaDnes Deane. 

Is Occi()attattFeQcArft Choffi. 

rB. 5 Pleures de Lae SrmiQe. Birgb' 

Quarterly i Or. 3 Pallets Sa. 

tOn a LioQ rampant^ B. Percy. 

Another defkced Efcocheon remayning only ttiu€. 

r Qparterly. 3 Beodlets— a Barrs verry— a Barra t 
Empaled. |er<^ Fatonce.---The dexter bafe defaced* 
^ Party per pal^ — def aced.-r5 Barrs vcrry. 

In orieotali Feoeftra* 

Cmpakd f ?• *««^c<»«!haat.rg. 

^*^ C Arg. an Eagle difplayed or, 
Y7m.«.f^ i Arg, a Fo»c head erafed Sa, 
Empaled { g.% Chevrons arg. 
B» a barre acg> between 3 Lyoncelb rampant or» 
In Anftrali Feneftra. 

' Ei^land. 

. B. Billecy a Fefle danfy d'or. DeyocQfdW 

Arg. 2 bar?, and a Canton G. a border cagrayled 00. 

G. 3 Lyons pa/Tant gard4nt in pale barways Or, over all a Bend* 
let. B« 

B. femyof Crofle-CrofTelets, 3 fexfoyles arg. Darcy. 

Vaire or, and G. Ferrers. 

Arg. 3. Crofles botany fitchy Sa. on a chelfe 3 Mullets Or 

In muro auOrali effigies bellatoris ex familia Tafft»uttorum ut 
ab Incolis didtur. 

A brafle plate on a graveftone. 

•• H ere lyeth the corps of John Chambers, and Alys bis wife, 
who lived together in the feare of God 33 yeares, and had iffue 
together feven fonnes, and fevcn daughters, and when they had 
thus well run their race John, departed this life godlily,and Alys for- 
^J^ing this worlde dii cleave unto Chrift, who receaved hir unto 

H 2 \Ci% 

54 MifidrfofMamfiiK in Nfttlnghamflnret 

Ms mercy the firft day of April, ^564- God grant them a joyftll 

rcfurreftion in Cbrift Jrfus their Stvyoor. Ameo.*' 

On the left handc under the north endc of the altar lieth Dotq- 
ihy the firft wife of Ger?as Holies, of Great Grimefby, in ther 
Coanty of Lincolne, Efq. together with hei^lHde iofaat, of whom 
tot died in childbirtl|, bdcOi undcra fqoare Ftecftope without iu, 

Upon the wall next hir grave hanges a fquare tabl? lozei^ 
wayes, whereon their armes^ and this infcriprioq. 

}ipc p^ore rubens nee tiynpre palkns« 

The blazon of the armes in t|)e greater Efcocheon. 

1. Ermine 2 piles in pointe fa. Holies, 

2. Argent on a chevron betweene 3 aoflc^roffdets fa.^cfc- 
fcents of the firft. Scopham, 

3. Quarterly Or. apd G. on' a bend ft. 3 erodes formy fitchj of 
the firft. Hanham. 

4. Sa. a creficent furmounted of a mpHet In pale argent/Denfel. 

5. Argent a chevron !G.|)clwecn3 Mpores heads t-Mpcd fa. 


6. A chevron betwccpe 3 rofe-trccs trunked, and eradikSitcd 
i*or. " Skewys. 

7. B. a plainecroffebciwccbe 4 leopards faces Or. Kyngftte. 

8. Ermine, bctwceqe a cheife, and chevron fa/a leopard's face 
or. . Ponrdoq, 

Thefe coates quartered are pmpaled with 

1. Barry of 8 pieces ermine, and gules. Kirketoq. 

2. Sa. aPbaeon argeot, a crefccnt Or for difference. NichoK 

3. Arg. a chevron G. a labcll of 3 fa. Prideau^, 

4. As the firft. 

The Efcochcon on the right hande. 

Emcal d S ^-^^^^^^j Scopham, Hanham, and DenfcL 

* P ^B, a bccd betweene 6 cfcallops arg. Frcfchevillc. 


RtolewofGwgVsCamdin. 53 

The Efcodieon on the left haadew 

- . , FHcdles, Scopham, Hanbam, and DenfeL 
tuopaiea \b^ acroffcbctwccnc 4 leopards faces or. Kingfton, 
The Creaft on a Toroe arg. aad fable, a BIackamore*8 head pro- 
per^ lialfefacedy a jewell id his eare, about his head a wreath ar- 
gent^ and bluCt a cref^xpt Or for diiFerence. 

The Motto, 

Nee pudore rubeDS, nee tUnore pallena. 

^^Lf. XnL Review tf GougVs Camdeuj conunuedfrmp. 51^ 

4dditions9 p« 155. 

P. ^57. ^* The horn given l^y King Caoute to William 
Fewfe/* &c, ** is nqw in the hands of Mrs. Allen, iiAer and hdc 
q£ the late Al|en Pufey, Efq. The whole pari(h belongs to her, 
;ind fbe has re{>pilt the church,'' Since this was printed Mrs. 
Allen is dea^, and has devifed this eftate to the Hon. Mr. Boa* 
verie, youngefi y^Qcle of {x>rd Radnor, who has taken the name of 
Pofey, and rcfides here.— jBrfiVtfr. 

P. 158. *• Wallingford," &c. •* gave title of Vifcount to 
YTilliam KnoU^, 14 Jam. I, created pari of Banbury, % Charles L 
This title ezpirfsd with him 1632. It was fince claimed by a de- 
fendant, but not allowed/' However the family fttU ufe the ti- 
tie, tho* they have no leat in the honfe. The prefent titular Earl 
rpfides at Wincheiter.— £i/Vd/, 

P. 159. ** At SJ^ndlcfprd, or Newtoun, near Newbury, 
Geofrey, Earl of Perchej before 1205, founded a Priory of St. 
Audin, deferted 1480, and annexed by Edw. IV, to the Colle- 
giate Church of Windfor." Mrs. Montague has at prefent aa 
h^ndfome feat here. — Editor. 

P. 160. " Aldermafton pafled from Sir Humphry Forfter; 
(jybofe apceflor and namefake was SheriiF of this County 1475) 
by marriage to William, 3d Lord Stawell, whofc neice, Marj 
Baronefs Stawell now enjoys it." It pafTed from the Stawd fa- 
mily above 40 years ago by an heirefs to the Congrevts. See 
Top. Vd^ I. p, ^i.^ Editor. 

^* Aj 

j4 R<vim rfGough'^ Camdta* 

<^ At StratBeld-Say, Nicholas de Stotevi lie, founder of Vane>« 
oiont Abbey, Nonnafldy, foudcd a cctt df BdaediAioe Mooks, 
under a Prior 1 1 jo^ The cell was in Berk(hir«^ hot the parifli 
in Hampfliirc.** Sec Top. Vol. I. p. 191. 

P, l6i, '** The feat of Lord Cadocan ts u Carerlhafl?/' .Jt 
has IbojetiiDC becafold to Major Marjaci^ an Eaff-Indian, ,who 
has cut down fotne of the noble trees, and made other iojjidicious 
alterations. — Editor. 

P» 162. ** Hurley, the ieat ^ thf^ Lords Lovdace, now be- 
longs to Mr- Wilcccks.'* 

p. 163. ffitbam Abbey now betosgs uy 4^9 Vaaiiturts.—* 
EdUorn. t 

^ukitsr, p. 167. 

, .4iit//m,. p, «7?. .. 

P. 1 7 2. Eghfloi. ** Here lived Sir John Denha© the Poet. •' 
Chief Jaftice Fofter had a (eat bere. A nmily of this name have 
now. a ipanfion here, — Editor. / 

' **Neafr Parnham is Moore Park, the fat of the Templesi '^herct 
dicrf ?n 1700, Sir William Temple, whofe heart by his direflSoor 
is boned in a China bafen under tha Dial in the Garden.** H 
this all' that is faid oF this dcfightfal retirement, in the moft fc- 
quefiferM' fitoation, the fccneof Temple's old agc^ and SwiftV 
joutfaAal contemplations ? With what enthufiafm have w« ofteo: 
vifited this redufe fppt ! How often have we feemed to Ticw thcr 
itaage of Temple reclining, in thefe ftiades ! 

It was lately tenanted by the Duchcfs Dowager of AthoT, It?, 
owner ts Mr. Bacon, (of Suffolk we think) faitf to be defcendcd 
from Sir William* — Editor. 

V. 174. •*■ Alf that remains of'Oatlands, in Weybridge Pa- 
rifi), U th^ Terrace, the fioeft in the kingdom, in Lord Lincoln V 
gardfen. The houfc was dcflroyed in the Civil Wars.*- But 
what then is the feat lately fold by the Duke of NewcafHie^ to 
the Duke of York ?—£irV(?r. 

P. 175. Aldtmry now belongs to the Hon. Capt, Pinch, Lord* 
Ayljcsfotd*s brother, and M. P. for the town of Cambridge, who, 
we believe, has built a new houfe here — jBiiVar. 

P. 177. ** Lord Harrington's houfe at Peterfham has been, 
^]^'tpT* Pitt, Efq." now Lord Camelford.-*-£/;^/V^r. 


SUSSEX, p. 185. 

P. 193. Ajplateof Roman Antiquities atChicheaer, uA a 
long accoiut ot that city. doWD to p. xy6« 

P. 196. " Staofted Park belonged to tbe late Earl of HaKfax, 
and formerly to the Lumley family.*' It now belongs to Mr. 
BarwtlU an Eaft-Indian. 

P. 198. Along account ofCowdry, tbe msgnificent feat of 
Vifconnt Montago» lately alas I aehertifidtohsku 

P. 199. <^ Thomai^ Lord Delawarr> who died 1524, and his 
fian Thomas 15479 ^tt buried in Broadwater Church, in which 
pariih their feat at Offiogton Jay,*' See Top. Vol. I. p. 48, i47«* 

P. 2ao. ** Sfanmer, three miles from Brighthelmftofie^ the 
cl^ant feat of Lord Pelham, has^ been lately very much improved. 
Here are federal good piQures and portraits of the Pelham family. 
Trees are more abundant here, than in the neighbourhood^ and 
have a good eflTed among the open clowns*'' 

P. aoi. Laaghtoo, another feat of the Pelhams, is now we 
believe gone to vjva.^^EStor. 

'* Halland, another feat of theirs, is now gone to ruin/' 

Firk Place, Lord Gage% and Glynde Place, Vifcount Hamp^ 
dens, ** are both large piles of building. The firft is the i^ioft 
coofidemble. From the terhis at Glynde there is a fine profjpeft 
of the country. It was formerly the Morleys'.*' 

P. aoa, 203. A long defcription of Hurflmonceaux, the no- 
ble Caftellated manCon of the Lords Dacre, now of Mr. Hare 
Naylor, who in 1777 demolilhed it as far as the thicknefs of the 
walls, and the ftrength of the cement would permit him. 

P. 204, '* The Earl of A(hburnham*s feat at Afiiburnham 
is one of the fined in the county. It has been greatly enlarged 
and improved by the prcfent Earl. Mr. Brown has Oiewn his 
(kill in ornamendng the ground. Tbe park and grounds ate 

P. 206. A defcription of SheffieldPbce, Lord Sheffield's, 
built in thQ Gothic (Vyle. 


jfi ItiTHiW $/GongVs CmdfX 

K E NT^ p. 209. 
AiiitidnSf p. 225. 

P. UJ* Short dercriptioQ of Kooll, the Duke oF ^xkt% 

** ChcTCQing, Earl StaDhope^s/' faid to have been bnilt bf 
Imgo Jones.^-£irW. 

P. 228. Penlhurft. A Ihort defcriptioD of it. It belongs no^ 
to Mr. SbeUeji a kninor, grandfon oip Mrs. ?crrj.^Editor. 

P. ft M. FairlawDy the feat of Vifconot Vane, of Ireland, is bjr 
his will now in the polTeflion of David Papiloo, £fq. of Acrife« 

Leibonm is now the propertf and feat of Mr. Hawley.*^£irV. 

P. 231. A nufcellaneous plate of antiqnities* 

P. 235. pi. xiV. Confiding of antiquities fowd at Recnlver, 
tunl commnnjcated by Mr. Goltliag to the Society of Antiquaries^ 
June 8, 1738. 

The account of Canterbury takes up from p. 236 to 239. 

P. 237. ** The Dominicans fettled here foon after 1221.* 
Their gate remains.'* It Is fince taken down. See an EngraTing 
of it. Top. Vol. If p. j^iXr^Editor. 

P. 240. Hoih6eld. The late Lord Thanet rebuilt the houfe* 

Eaftwell. It now belongs to Mr. Finch Hatton^ firft coufin to 
the Earl of Winchelfea. 

. P. 240. Olantigh belongs to Alderman Sawbrldge^ by whde 
grandfather it was bought. 

P. 241. Chilham Caftle was ibid to Sir Geoige Colebrookc to 
Mr. Heron, the prefent owner. 

P. 242. Richborough. ** Mr. Bdys of Sandwich has be-< 
flowed much time and pains in tracing thefe ruins ; and colleft^ 
many fibulae richly adorned with red and blue ftones^ and gold 
open work and paterae both whole and fragments.'* 

P. 243. \yhy is not Walderfhare, the feat of the Eafl of 
Guildford mentioned ? See Top. Vol. I« p. i6. 

Nothing faid of the feat of the Palmers^ Baronets, at Wing^ 
ham, formerly the College. 

Nor of Deane, an Elizabethan manfion of the Ozendons, Barts« 

Nor of Mr. Barrett's beautiful Gothic manfion at Lee, mention- 
ed by Mr. Walpole, in the Anecdotes of Painting, VoK IV. p» 94. 

Several Roman antiquities found at Afli mentioned. 

P. 244, 245. A long account of Dover, and the Caftle, &c< 

P. 246. Sr. Radegund's Abbey was afterwards a feat of 
the Edolpbs, in the laft cctuuty.^-Editor^ 


Review of Hampjhirt Domfday^booi. 57 

Ac WcftcUfie» by Dover^ was the feat of the Gibboos, aoceftors 
qI' Mr, Gibbon, the Hiftorian, whofe grandfather Matthew was 
bom here. It is now a farm-houfe.— £^/>0r. 

( To be continued. ) 

Art. XIV. Review of ** Hampjhire^ extraSiedfrom Domrfday 
Booly with an accurate Englijb Tratjlation^ a Preface^ and an 
IntrodtUfion^ containing aft account of this curious Record \ a 
View of the Anglo-Saxon Hiftory^ and form of GoverTiment from 
the reign of A^red: together with a flight Sketch ^ the mofl 
material alterations^ which the latter underwent at the period of 
the Conqueft. To which is added a Gloffary explanatory of th^ 
obfcure and obfolete words. 

By Richard Warner^ jum of Sway ^ in the County of Southampton, 
and of St. Mary Hall, Oxford. 

Landon. Sold by Faulder^ Bond Spreet^ White and Son, Fleet* 

Street, ^c. 1 7^9. 

^arto* Price £. I is. in boards. 

This ▼olumc confids of 397 pages, bcfidcs xlvi of Preface, 
Introduflion, &c. '* The appearance of a late publication* firft 
gave the author an idea of undertaking the pfefent one, and. led 
him not only to a perufal of the record itfelf^ but of the different 
treatifes and diflertations which have been written by our feveral 
antiquaries upon it.*' The Preface, conlifliDg of xvii pages, is 
taken up with an account of Oomeiday Book in general, its biAory, 
contents, &c. an account furcly unnecefTary, becaufe it has been 
already done in feveral books, particularly in the late illuflratioa 
of this curious record, by.Kelham, an ufdFul little 8vo. publiftied 
ia 1788. The introdu^ion feem^ to contain nothing new; no* 
thing that is not to be found in well known treatifes on the fub- 
jeA, particularly the different law-books upon ancient tenures. 
This is ufclefs, becaufe a brx3k of this kind can only be addrefTed 
to the initiated. Then follows a table of the nnodern and ancient 
names of the hundreds ; and after that, another of the ancient and 
modern names of manors, towns, vills, &c. Then comes, as in 
Domefdayiirrlf, a lifl of the landholders, with a tranflation. In 
this county they amounted to 69 ; befides 9 in the lOe of Wight, 
and 9 in the New Forefl. 


5^ Rivtnv if the D^mef-day. 

We will now give a few fpecimeos of the manor in which the 
contradions are liled up, and the traQflatioa executed, of thii 
noble record itfelf. 

P. 62. 

** In Falclic, Hundredo. 

*' Ipfc epifcopus tenet Avin- 
tune^ Semper fuit in xcdeGa. 
T. R. E. et modo, fc defcn- 
(lit pro 5 bidis. Terra eft j 
carucatae; in dominio funt 2 
carucatx; ct 8 viUani, tx 3 
bordarii, cum 4 carucis. Ibi 
aecclefia, et 3 fervi, et 16 acrae 
prati. T. R. E. valebat 6 
libras; et poftea, 100 folidos. 
Modo, 15 libras/' 

p. 66. 

" la Corondel Hundrcdo. 

«• Ipfe epifcopus tenet Crun- 
dele. Semper fuit in aecclefia. 
Ibi fuerunt 50 hida; T. R. E. 
et tunc, et modo, gcldavcrunt 
pro 40 hidis. Terra eft 19 
carucatx; et 45 villani, ct 11 
bordarii, cum 25 carucis, Ibi 
ascclefia de 20 folidis, et 12 
fervi, Silva de quatuor viginti 
porcis da pafnagio. T. R, E. 
valebat 15 libras, et 10 folidos; 
et poftea, 6 libras, modo 24 

*• De terra hujus mancrii, 

tenet Germanus, dcEpiFcopo, 

8 hidas, in Ticclle et in Coue, 

Lewinus et Ulwardus tcnue- 


In Falelie Hundred. 

' " The Bifhop holds Atiq- 
tune. It was always church 
land. T. R. E. it wiis, and 
is DOW aflfefled at fiv£ hides. 
Here are five ploughlands, two 
ploughlands are in demefne, 
and eight vilb^^s and three 
borderers employ four ploughs. 
Here is one church, and three 
fervants, and 16 acres of mea- 
do\^. it was worth T. R. E. 
fix pounds; afterwards 100 
flxilliogSy it is now* worth - tea 

In Corondel Hundred. 

" The Bi(hop hoMs Crufi. 
dele. It was always church 
land. Here were 50 hides. 
T. R. E. it was, and is now, 
aiTefled at 40 hides. Here 
are 19 picughlands; 4 plough- 
lands are in demefne, and 45 
villagers and 1 1 borderers em- 
ploy 25 ploughs. Here is a 
church worth 20 fhillings, and 
12 fervants. Here are woods 
which furniih 80 hpgs for the 
privilege of pannage. It was 
worth T. R. E. 15 pounds, 
10 (hillings; afterwards fix 
pounds, it is now worth 24 

" Belong- 

runt, in paragio, de epi/copo, 
ec DOQ pocaeraot ire qiiolibec. 
Quifqoe habuU aulaai. Qu»il- 
bo Germanus recepic» noa niA 
uoa aula fuiu lo domioio ha-* 
\ct 3 carucataSy ec so villaooSf 
ct lo bordanos, cam 6 oaru- 
€18) et 6 fervos, et moliaum 
dc 3 folidis, et 2 acras praci. 
. Silva de 15 porcis pafoagio. 
Valuit 6 libras, et poftea 40 
folidos; iDodo 8 libras. 

*^ \)t eodem manerio tenet 
Willelimus 3 virgatas, de epif- 
copo, vaBiddelu. Aluricbs ce« 
Duity de Epifcopo, quaii villa- 
Jius. . Jbi eft uaa carucau, 
cum uno bordario» et 4 ferri. 

^' De eodem manerio, tenet 
Turftinus 7 bidas in Sudtune. 
' JullaoQs et Leffi tenuerunt, de 
Epifcopo, in paragio; fed noa 
']!x>raeru^ ire qoolibit; et duas 
aulas naboeraot. Ibi font iti 
domtnio 3 carucats; ct 3 tiI- 
Uni, et 4 bordarii, cum dimi- 
dta earacata. T. R. £• vale- 
bat 7 libras, et modo, iimilt- 
ter.> Gum receptam fit, 4 li- 
bras. OdtfiQS de Wifndefores 
lener, de modern manerio, 3 
hidas iQ Ferneberga, de Epif- 
copo. Al>JirinD8 tefiuit, de e- 
pifcopo \tk paragio : et noD po- 
tuit ire quoUbet. Ibt modo, 
in domiDio, f carucata; ct 7 
villani, et 4 bordarit, cum 7 
carucatis. IW 5 fervi, et moli- 
nus de 10 denariis, ^et 3 aerse 
prati, Sil'/a At 6 porcis. T. 
ft* E.'ct modO| valet 60 foli- 


'^ Belonging to tbis maoor"^ 
Germanus holds of the BiQiopt 
8 hides in Ticslle, and in Coue. 
Lewi n us & U I ward us held 
them in parcenary, of the Bi- 
(hop; and were not permitted 
to remove any where. Each 
of them had a hall; but when 
Germanus came in pofleffion of 
it there was one hall only. He 
has three ploughiands in de- 
mefne; and 20 villagers, and 10 
borderers employ fix ploughs ; 
here are alfo fix iervants, and 
a mill, lett at three (hillings^ 
and two acres of meadow, alfo 
woods which furnlfh 15 hogs 
for the privilege of pannage.. 
It was worth fix pounds, af- 
terwards 40 (hillings, it is 
worth eight pounds. 

*' Belonging to the fame ma- 
nor, Wniiam holds of the Bi- 
(hop three yardkods in Bedde-' 
lie, which were held by Alari- 
ctis, as viil^er of the Bifhop. 
Here is pfoughbnd, with one 
borderer, and four fervatffs 

** Belonging to the fame tttn^ 
nor Turftinus holds 7 hides 
in Sudtune. Juftanusaod l!>f- 
fi held them of the Bi(hop, ta 
parcenary; but cdfuld not re- 
move any where Each of 
them had a hall. Here three 
ploughiands are io demefne; 
and three villagers and four 
borderers occupy half a plough- 
land. T. R. E. it was worth 
fcven pounds, it is now worth 
four pounds. Belonging to the 


I 2 


60 Review ofHampJhire^ (ffc 

dos ; cam receptom fit, i^3 fo- fame manor OdiDti« de Wind^ 
^^^•^ *• fores, holds of the Bifhop three 

hides in Femeberga. Alwinos 
held them of the Bi(hop ia 
parcenary; and was not per- 
mitted to remove aby where* 
Here is now one ploaghland in 
demefne; and feren villagers 
and four borderers occupy three 
ploughiands. Here are five 
iervantSy and a mill let at.teii- 
pence, and three acres of meav 
dow. Alfo woods which for^ 
DiQi fix hogs. T. R. E. it 
was, and is now worth 60 QxiU 
lings, when it came into pof- 
feffion it was worth 40 thiU 

f. 17a. 
*' In Ovretuae Hundfedo- 

•^ Eudo, filius Hubert!, tc- 
net Efe, de Regc. Alwacre 
tenuit, de Coriue Heraldo. 

" Tunc fe defendebat pro 8 
liidis. Modo pro 3 hidis. 
Terra eft S carucatae. In 
dominio funt 2» et 4 villani 
et 10 bordarii cum 3 carucis. 
Ibi seccieiia, et IQ fc^i, et 3 
acrae prati. T. R. £. valebat 
7 libras; et poA, et modo, 6 
^ libras, et 10 folidos; et hoc 
pro dimidia hida, quSB minus 
e(l per Hugonem vice<:omitem.*' 

*^ In Ovretuoe Hundred. 

*^ Eudo, the fon of Huber* 
tus, holds EJi^* of the King* 
Alwacre held it of Earl Harold, 
It was then aflefTed at three 
hides. Ijere are eight plough- 
landi, two ploughiands are in 
demeipe, and four villagers 
and ten borderers employ three 
ploughs. Here is a church, 
and ten fervants, and three 
acres of n^eado w. It was worth 
T. R. E. feven pounds; it was 
afterwards, and is npw, worth 
fiTL pounds, ten iliillings; this 
'diminution in the value is oc- 
cafioned by the deficiency of 
half a hide, which is in the 
poffeiEon of Hugo, the She- 

9 This if 4fi. Edifr^ 


£/u?niyrd for thr lopoyraftJur far JunZ fj^. 

J'.JAuw dUf 


Ancient Font in Ashover CHURCiiDERinrsHiRE. 

J^iUthed a* t^Au JtJrOr.Jan '> *ya. hyJ.RohfcnJkmd Stnec^e^. 

Jncunt Font In JJhovir Churchy Derhyjhire^ 4i 

At the end foUowt a gloflary of eight pages, apparently very 
fiiperficUl and incoBipIetey and rendered UDDcceflary by the much 
fuller one in Kelham's book before- mentioned. 

Here are no hiftorical notes, (hewing who the tenants wei«« 
Thefe would have rendered this dry book infinitely more intereft- 
ipg; and they are the more necciTary, (ince furnames were not ia 
general fettled at this time. Mr. Kelham has adcled fuch to his 
cntiertaining little book. 

Art. XV. Ancient Font in AJbover Churchy Derhjjhin. 

This Foot, of which an engraving is here given, is undoubtedly 
very ancient, and by fome fuppofed to be Saxm. ' The bofe is of 
ftone, an4 the emboiTed figures and ornamented niches, in which 
^hey ftand, are lead. 

The monumental infcriptions in this churchy whichnre but few, 
are referved, together with the hiftory of the property aqd fami- 
nes of this extentive parifti, for fome future opportunity. 

Art. XVL Rtoiew^ N^' V. of Angus'^ r^ws ofSfats, puUiJhii 

Oa. 1789.- 

Pric€ y. "-^Proofs js. 64* 

I. Holland Haufe, at Kenfington. — iOfthis noble manfion, 
built by thfj Copes, from whom it came by an heirefs to the Rich"*, 
Earls of Holland, and afterwards of Warwick, almoft every body 
has had a view, and every body has heard the hiftpry. 

Addifoq, who bad married the Cojintefs . of Warwick, died 
here June 17, 1719. — Editor. 

II. Brome, Kent;- the feat of Sir Henry Oxenden, Bart. This 
ipaofion is in the pariib of Barham, about midway between Dover 
and Canterbury. It was, in the reign of Q^ Elizabeth, part of the 
eftate of the ancient family of Digges, of Digges Court, in this 
parifh, and was fold to the Dixwells, in the time of Charles I« 
The latter built the manfion, of which Angus*s print is a view, 
and, as it is berefaid^ from the defigns of Inigo Jones. If fo, it 
piuft have been from his earlier defigns ; for it is not the leaft 
jike his latter works. The ptint is very beautiful, and the houfe 
}ias a moft refpe£lable appearance. The drawing was made by 
Wheatley.— It pafTed from Sir Eafil Dixwell, the laft Baronet of 
this family, to Mr. Ged. Oxenden, (younger fon of Sir George,) 
who took the name of Dixwell, and he dying a young man S. P. 
devifed it to bis elder brother^ the prefent owner. Her^ is a very 


$% Aftgks^s- Vteivs ofSealX. 

f ne cblkAion of pift«res, m^de by the late Sir George* The 
grotttids^re laid out with greu taAe. The haoging wochi on the 
lide, and the fequefter^d valley towards Deaton, up wbkb (he 
back' front of the houfe looks, feem to be tbc cnoft beautiful. 
' Deaoe, the paternal feat of the Oxendens^ abcTUt 3 miles olF, 
» a rfifpe^able Elizabethan hoafe, now tenanted by Ladj 

III. Moccas Court, Herefordfhire, the feat of Sir G/ofgeCom* 
wall, Bart.— From a drawing of Mr. James Wathen. The 
prefent houfe itf modern. It fVands in a beatftiful talley, 
near the famous Golden VaU* The Cornwalls who have ^ng 
htm, feated in this county, as well as Sbropibire, have pofleSed 
this place more than a century* The late Velters Cornwiili, who 
reprefented the county in fcveral parliaments, has an handforac 
memorial in Hereford Cathedral. His daughter and heir carried 
this feat 10 marriage to Sir George (Aa^yaod, now) Corawall, 
Bart.— jBJtW. 

IV. Tong Caftle, Shropftiirc, the feat of ficnjamin Channock, 
^ajtfte, Elq/— This was ancieotly the feat of the Vernons^ aod 
thro* their heirefs, of the Stanleys. It was fold 1762 by the 
Duke of Kingflon, to General Durrant, who died about 1780^ 
having rebuilt it in th6 GothPc ftyte, on the fcite of the old Caftle. 
His foa being a minor, the prefeat owner inhabits it in right of his 
wife, the Geperars widow. 

* Here is fald to be a ^e colleflioa of pictures. The drawing 
was made by Evans. 

Art." XVII. Catalogue of Paintings^ l^c. TlluflratiTfe 6f Brittjb 
Topogri^pby, exbtbiUd in 1775, being thi feventh Exhibition. 

15 Two Landfcapes with Southampton water feen under the trees, 

Geo. Barret, R. A. 

16 A view of Mitcham Academy, in Surry, a drawing, 

J, Melthior Barrclet. 

17 Ditto at Sroke, Buckinghamfhire, W. A. Barron. 

18 Stoke Church, The fame. 

19 V^iew of VVanitead Houfe, Eflex, a drawing, The fame. 
24* 25 North and South V^iew of Seaton Delaval, Wm. Bell. 

43 Bangor Church, North Wales, water colours, Sam. Buck. 

44 Rofe Caftle, Cumberland, a drawing. The fiime. 
6i South eaft view of Southwell Minfter, Nottingham, 

John Chapman. 
63 Entrance 

Qttahgut if PBtmingSy tf<\ ^ 63 

63 Eotiincentb Chapter* houfe, ofc)itto» drawiogt. The fame* 
67 View of Trefli- water Bay, back oi the lUc of W^ht,. 

, John Clevcly, jim. 
84 Eaft View bf BKadbury, lUnti Seat of Sir Roger Twifdeo^ 

Barr. Nicholas Tho. Dall^ AfTociatc. 

86 View of RippoA, York&hrc, The fj^me- 

90 North View of the txew built Scat of Lord Pctre, Thoradon- 

place/Eflex, Tha, Day. 

i27 View eP Torbay, Dcvon(hire. Edm. Ganrey, Aflfbciace. 
1 23 Ditto of Rocitt oear Bath» The fam^ 

131 Ditto qcar Bath, fmall oval, The (zme. 

X37 View of the ancieat gateway of die Abbey of Evefhaoi^ 

Woroeftecihixey ia the garden of Wiltiam PhtlHps, E(q, 

Val. Green^ AfTociatc. 
147 North-eaQ; view of St. Pattrs, CoTeat-Garden,'a ftained 

drawing, John Haywood. 

181 Two Views of the gateway of Lewb Cafile, a drawing, 

James Lambert. 
az4 TantoUt, a viUa ia the grea^ ifland, Wiodermcre Lake, 

Wedmoreland, John Flaw. 

251 Entrance of Bayhaai Abbex* Keot^ flaioed drawing, 

M. A. Rooker, Affociat^* 

252 Rocks ne,it Tunbridge Walks, Kent, ditto, The fame. 
255 View of Mr. 'Garrick*s feat at Hampton, Peter Royier. 

272 Monerbawr-caftle, Pcmbrokefhirc, water colours, 

Paul Sanby, R. A, 

273 Pembroke- caftle, ditto* 1 he fame. 

274 Benton-caftle, Milfbrd-hairea, ditto, The fame., 

275 Carnarvon-caftie, ditto, Thc'&oic. 
277 Two Views of Wiodfor-caftle^ ftained drawings, The fame. 
279 Two^ditto of Warwick-caftle, ditto. The feme. 
283 View from Crowe's Coffee-room, Margate, ftained drawing, 

John Saiyiders, jun. 

295 Bloody- bridge, a view on the king's private road, nearCheU 

fea, in crayon's, ' T. Stmpfoo. 

307 Two views at Encombc, in DorJetfliirc^ the feat of John Pitt, 

Efq. Wra. Tomjcins^ Aflbciate. 

329 St. Paul's, Covcnt-gardcn, a drawing, Edw. Waters. 

34 c A view from Mufwell-hill; inciudinr; Mincheodon Honfe, 

the foat of his Grace the Duke of Chando&, 

Rich. WiJfcn, R; A, 
35* A 

64 Ciifahgue vf Faitdingi^ tic. 

351 A defign for a bridge, \xx the manner of die PaUadiad 
Bridge, in the Earl of Pembroke's Garden at Wilton, 

John Yenn» Affociatc. 

3j^4 A view of the Bathing Machines near Margate, ftatned 
dra\ving, Mr. Eyre. 

355 North eaft view of Bath, with the new Bridge, diuo, 

The fame. 

359 A view of the fortrefTes of Crown Point, wkh the army en- 
camped thereiq 17599 Capt. Dairies. 

365 Warkworth Cafile in Northumberland, ftained dawtng, 

Capt. F. Grofa 

366 Kirkftall Abbey, Yorkftiire, ditto. The fame 

367 A view of SonthamptoQ, from Freen^ntle Lane« and the 

Romfey Road, in water colours, G. Keate, Efq. 

368 Eaftern V^iew of Netley Abbey, its companion, The fame. 
.385 View of Ham Walks, and Peterlham Wood*, from the 

oppofite Banks of the Thames, / Lieut. Col* Weft. 

390 View from Mr. Hartley's, in Gloik»fterihrre, By ai Lady» 
395 Two fmall Landfcapes, views of Windermere Lake, Weft- 

moreland, John Feary. 

There U now publijhing in Numbers^ Price 11. eacK embtlli/hef 
with Engravings t The Hijloryof the Town and Count/ of King- 
Jion-upon^Hully from its Foundation^ in the reign of Edward Zf 

' dotvH to the prefent time. — J4^tb a defcription of part of the ai-^ 
jf^CTtt Country 9 Antecedent to the building of the Town. 
By a Clergyman^ affijied byfeveral other Gentlemen* 

HmS: Printed by and for G. Prince ^ Gfr. and fold by J. Deighton^ 
Holborny London, 

iV. B. Further notice Jhallbe taken of this work when complete. 


Thi curious extraSfs relating to Repton^ Derby/hire^ from the MSS. 
of our very obliging Correjpondent A. JV. are received. But 
we are firry to defer the htftory of that parijh, with engraving!^ 
d month longer 9 owing to the difficulty of obtaining all the other 
matter we have in view. In the mean time will he fubjlitufcd 
an account of Appleby, in LeiceJierJbiKe, with an engraving of 
the Jchool thercy built by Sir Chrijlopher Wren. JVe are alfi 
phliged to our good friend M. Green^ and others for further 

'"iiYn1''"jiJlMMf ^ ■ 1b« 

I F iib ji^ 

*T H U 



A Variety op Original Articles, 




antiquities OF THIS KINGDOM. 



For FEBRUARY, 1790. 

Being No. 11. of Vol. II. 


ory of ApplebVy Leicefterftirc 65 
Bs in Iver Cnarch, Bycking- 

' Notes 

hamihire 73 

^ Ufiingtoiiy' Lincolnfliire 75 

Tour thro the Midland Counties 77 
^Church Notes in Seyerby, Lin- 

colnlhire 95 

^ If obles and Gentry of Wiltfliire, . 

&c. 96 

Wiltihire Jvflices of the Peace 9 8 

Hiiloricai Notes to the above Lift 99 

MoDumenul • Infcriptions on the 

Warton Family 107 

Memorials of Sir Walter Raleigh 108 

Extra£fc from an Ancient Book 109 
Mifcelhneous Epitaphs , 1 10 

Faire^rd Windows, Glouceftcr- 

Aire, a Poem m 

Hiftory of the Black Friars, Can- 
terbury 114 
Account of I a Rare Coins, &c. is* 
Coniiderations regarding Writs 
of Summons to Parliament, 
&e. 1 16 
St* Martin*s Cfaurcbf Canter- 
bury 1*7 
Acknowledgements to Corref- 
pondents. sal 

^EmbellUhed with three Eograviogs \ i. ApplebtFree School. 
a. Ancient Coins. 3. St. Martin's Church, Can- 


L O N D ON: 

iPrinted for R o b s o n. New Bond Street, J. Walxbr, Pater- 
nofter Row; and C. Stalkbe, Stationers Court, Ludgate 
Street ; of whom may be had Vol. I. now complete, withTweifC 
^Sograviagii «tfd a cpploua IndeZf or any fingle Numben. 


' I 


N y M ]R. :^i, 

BciDg Number IL of* Vol. II. 
Art. L Htftory ofApphbj^ in Liicefiirfiirf* 

HAVING io No. IX. of our laft volume taken (brne notice 9^ 
t))b pl^, apd proroirec} a mf^e fuU account, yrc now un« 
ipfi^ M> fuil^l jtbf; epgfgemept as hx as Mf(! j^re able. Thjji 
pic^laiyt vflJagpU fituated p^ft in DeVbyihifc^ and part in I^ 
Sf^erjCbife. The furroppdiog country, though tpt jhp ^pfl jpw;t 
^1 '^ rjc)?, plir^C^it and hp^lthful. In point of anciqit cpme^ 
tlj»ncs 9^ xrell af i^q^erM p:f;rpe!Siabi^t7i i; is perhaps qxeede^ 
fy /c^ Pblf^ of its ^^leni. 

^ fpc^ cppTpii^PQ^s ^ccpiint bit^itp fp9^ of it^ yre fyid h^ 

ARpl^byllfijp^, ii) ^ bjopdre<l of ^T. Gofcot?, lyiM upoj^k 
4ipl^ ^oge qf t^ CouaQF pf Derby, with which it is io inter- 
jjptiqgle^/^ the k9u(e$ to an ordiojuj patfeoger, cannot 1m 
iifkiW^^Oa^ wjiicb be qf ^either (hire, thpre bdng no dire% 
m$e%§ tb^Kweru them. This inaciory wa^ anciently tbe iiihjentan(|a 
n4 chief feiK erf <^ fwthy frj^iily pf Applet, who hwp 
** WPtr^ fut ifartll^ or, 5, ;;(, i/' pf wbo^a inaoy 'i^ entomb- 
f^ lA ttop cbmtcb hpr^ Though i^any of ^te hatir defccDded 
Mtpf 1^ boaJS^ yft moft (Sfnioinit wi|i jthat renowoed fotd^ 
j^ MPwd d|^ A«>lfby, ICot. who .dnriB^ ft the ba^ilc o[ Crct- 
f79 AO ^ftm-^ Itf* vh^]p bp fppl^ M»fittar Robert da Mai* 
IptM^ (Itjioblsipfn of Fff^fio^) prgbqer. After in ^ Richard It 
IKT 9W^t mt^ FraPfie with j9bP i^f QvfV Do^e of I^Dcancr, ro 
9m ^H^ prace .Ix»\i5ero both jpagdopa^ Apd bi^lji 9 Richard 
It- WVmm^^ ^ f^ tHi^ ami tjhe Ladjr CpofUoce, hU 
Sei^ llai^hctr and coheir of Peter King of C>ySU^ vi^a toj- 

66 Hiftory tf Appleby t in Leiceflerjbin. 

age thither; who then went Svdr with a great poweri toinrefl 
himfelf in thefaid kingdom, which by defcent belonged to hi» 
wife, and was then nfurped by Henry, bafe brother t« Peter. . 
Another of this fatmily, lineally defceoded from this Sir £dmund, 
was George Appleby, (lain in defence of the f fle of Inkippe, near 
Scotland, after MulIelborOiigh field, i Edward IV,* whofe wi- 
dow Joyce, daughter of Thomas Curzon of Croxhall, in the 
County of Derby, after married to one Thomas Lewes of Man - 
cefierin Warwickftiirc, was burnt at Coventry, 1557, ^^ ^'^^ 
religion ;' of whom MafterFox hath written in his book of the 
a£ts and monuments of the Martyrs. 

The Abbot of .Burton «pen Trent in the County of Stafford, 
held lands in the Town, which after the diflblution, came to one 
Brereton of Chefliire, from whom the Tenants not many years 
fince became purchafers.* 

The pedigree of the Applebys is given in Burton, as foU 


' Walleran de Appleby had iffue Robert de Appleby ii8(, 
*a8 Henry II, who had iflne William de Appleby 26 Henry Ilf, 
iRfhohad iflne Henry de Appleby, Knt. 31. 48 Henry UI, who 
%ad ifltie Edmund de Appleby, Knt. jfi Henry III, who had 
Iffue William de Appleby, who had iffue John de Appleby 4-27 
fidward III, who had iffue Edmund de Appleby, Knt 44 Ed« 
Yard HI, — 2 Richard II, who had iffue John de Appleby, who 
*3ycd loth Richard II, leaving Thomas de Appleby 8 Henry V, 
marri^ to Johne, daughter of Sir Thomas de Aftley, of Nelftoo, 
'Com, Xeic. Knt. who had iffue Thomas de Appleby, who had 
Iffue Richard Appleby, who died 1527, leaving iffue (by Eliza- 
'bethj daughter of Robert Langham, of Goppefhull, Com* 
Leic.) Ceoi^e, flain in Scotland, i Edward VI, who married 
Joice, daughter of Thomas Curfon of Croxhall, burnt for re- 
Ttgtirf 1557> by whom be left iffue Richard Appleby, married 
'to' ■■ . ■ '. daughter of Fi&eri and had iffue Francis Appleby, 
ft 607. , This ancient, family had their feat a little to the eaft of 
'the^cburch, of which fufficient remains ai-e ftill vifiUe to (hew 
"trim it has been, a ftrong tho* not large manfion of defence, 
'built 'of maffyftdne, and entirely furfounded by a moat, wi^h no 
-ether entrance than that of a draw-bridge. The front wall is 
'ftiir pretty perfeA in its original ftate; fome carved work, but no 
arms, tho* a few plain efcutcheons/ may be Teen. It has for a 
^cbnfiderable time belonged to Bofworth School, and is pow inha* 
«t4d by a ftutacr. "* Applc- 

■ ^ J * BurtpB, p II. IS. 

Hiflwy •fApfUhjy in Leicefterjbire*^ 47. 

Appleby ParTa (fays Burtoo) in the hundred of Sparkenhoci^ 
lying a little weft from Great Appleby, anciently belong-'-, 
cd to the Vernons, whofe chief feat was at Haddon, in Der*. 
byfliirc. Vernon bore " argent fretty fable a canton gules. King 
Edward III. in the fecond of his reign, granted unto Richard de 
Vernon liberty of free warren here. The laft heir male of this 
faonfe of Haddon^ was Sir George Vernon, Knt who about 
the 9th of Elizabeth died feifed of thirty manors, leaving ifTue 
by Margaret his wife, daughter of Sir George Talbot, Knt. two 
daughters and heirs, Dorothy, married to Sir John Mannors, 
Knt. younger Ion of Thomas Mannors, firft Earl of Rutland, 
who with her had the Manor of Haddon, and divers others. 
The other, Margaret, married Sir Thomas Stanley, Knight, 
younger fon of Edward Stanley, Earl of Derby, by whom (he 
bad iiTue Sir Edward Stanley^ Knt. who not long iixice aliened 
this manor* 

It appears by an old deed* that Robert de Stokportgave this 
cnanor, with the advowfon of the church of Great Appleby to 
William de Vernon and his heirs, about the reign of King John^ 
yielding yearly to him and his heirs a Sparrowhawlc, ' or 
twelve pence at the feaft day of Saint Peter ad vincula. This 
Manor is* in the pari/h of Gfeat Appleby, and bath no chapel 
. within it. 

The following additions we have from the Colledioos of W\V 
liam Wolley, Eiq. written about the year 17 14.* 

10 Elizabeth John Taylor, Gent, died and left an cftate here 
to his daughter Maud, who died 14 do* and John Taylor, the 
fon of Richard, the fon of Henry, the father of John, the fathej: 
of the faid Maud, inherited the fame; and 40 Eliz. Humphrev 
Detbick, Efq. of Newhall, dyed and left an eftate here to hts 
daughter Catherine, wife of Alexander Redick, Efq. 43 ditto. John 
Rotheram £fq. one of the fix Clerks in Chancery died pofleft of 
an eftate here which he left to* William, fon and heir of Gilbert 
VVilloughby, fon and heir of Margaret, fifter and heir of the 
(aid John. In our time this town has been eminent for being the 
birth place of Sir John Moore^ Kot. who being of mean parent- 
age raifed himfelf to a very great eftate by Merchandize, firft in 
Lead, and afterwards in the Eaft-Iodia Trade, whereby he be- 
came Lord Mayor of London, and was long Prefident of Chrift 
Church, or the Blue Coat Hofpital in London, to which he was 

* PfAci Adam Wolley, jun. de Itlatlock, in Com. Dcrb. 

K 2 . a great 

WHtiogadd SfattfeoiadarScboblt itiei^ "hWichV^ bURSfA 

a large pur co ^ts nepncw jono raoorc, iLiq. duc wiinan nve 
irery great '(^acTesto Ms 'other iiej^he'jirs atfd nieces, Which ^a^ 
ibade maD]|r fimiifc^ co&ilfde^ll>^e ^Hich ^ere boc ltd ^6^^ 
«nd left ks gCMod a Bamei)ehlnd him fbrlidhbur kh^fotittet^tt 
ftlbft c»f>is cdiiteAf^of^ie^ ; only he xvas bm-aSved '&t \\it Hrtti^ 
end of kitrg Chkries Ild^ retgfi. When he virak Loti Majroir Jdl 
LbtiaoQ, to^ye vrp the Cfr;*a Cfiarter^ which Was locked q]^% 
faWdt itt iht effcft of hik want 3[ courage jliaVi of ^ftl.& 'atitt 
Ifategrity. tho* [^haps t faian of far greater codr^ge ahd rcT^ilQ* 
kiisik in tho& tryihg tiibes 'ml^ht Yilkrt y^fottei thhsfic dcitk 
tiie fame* I believe all he fiot pj it was a Canton pfH)\t Airiiit 
k}t Etigland in hia aat^ %hic(i Wak **i)r three Moor Ef^na 


Mr. Worthy's blalBAi^ of Sfr John lildort'a :Arai8 A k'foVelk 
likorre^; the arms born by the prefent iMoorlds beib|[ ''WSiAh 
VGreyhoimds cUfreht Sa, collar^^jn kdantod 6a. a litoYi j^ifabt 
Ctiardint bt.** Cicfk. A'^IocJr 'Oick^fifaltifeaMirith ^lo^ d!f- 
fhfxd holding a heath (lalk in his btlL ^ 

The d^fcciidants of 'the'faid Sir 'John Modre ftitl enjbv lir« 
property here, and afe grUilf refpcfted. At'tlie hcaH d(^h(& 
fs an/elderly Clergyman unhiarried, Who lives tfa ^ gbod Konfe 
tot far frota the fchool ; under the fame roof alio rcfid^*a^oU'rfg\ir 
'jrelafloft, (We believe firft/cotifm) the *Rev. JohnjMooYc, '^Wib 
taarried — — , daughter of Francis Hurt, "Eftl'Sf ^fd^rWfldjr, 
'in the Counfy 6f Derby. . Alfo at tome dinalicb I^eyorid Uti 
[church, dnd de^r the Aftiby rd^id uinds a he^t 'White hbufe, (Hi 
feit of George Moore, Efq. elder, brother of the ftid JttHto/Whi 
is alfo' married, iad has 'children. 

Thc'fchobl'U t vei^y 'bandfpme \>pc\ 'tiuildrng, y (h 'r^b'flWi. 
l(ar fronts; t^e one feprefeoted in'the annexed j)liafe is 'itieprfa- 
'dpal. Which faces the ftr^et 6r rdud, *ind ^is chclofcd '!h t v<frtr 
TpacioutSigrars area, thit aftbrdsTuMclent air abd cxercire to tHe 
jbo/s. The fchbol 'rbom is a liobre ^(life, 'b^cupfiiig <Mb 'Wfirffc 
^Ipace of thofe 'five lofty Windows bctWeen the wih^s. At jKc 
'upper aad'^lt, hi the Wall, Is riprereiitid'in'fuilVopbrtlbb, tlfc 
figure of the founder in his official robes, with the quce and 

^ $0 alio thry aie engraved in Wi%itt*s Seylins Udp tP liiftorr. 

^ftfi h tithcr band. Uiulenldith wbicfa it tbe ftHmrkg ia« 
ftripliM Dkififadve of liie cb&ni^. 

** To x\kmemkjxi Sir Jdhn Moore, Kaigbt aod Aidemi 
oFtfafeCiryofLoodoD, wbo«itAed diU fthodk Atmo l>tMak^ 
1697^ and tndowed the &ine for die edncatioii df tfa« id^le tM^- 
4rQ& ttf the ipMithes aod towns of Appleby, Nortbn, A«ft(lr)v 
Mewtdh in die Tiiiftiet, Strettoo in the FieMt MefllaOk, 8«nl*ftliH 
andChilcot. Aod by the ftamtes made A. D. 1706, it Ml 
fiiade ktft for all Eoglaod." 

The right wiag and rootfus ovvr ibe fdidol aiie ocoipitd by the 
kead .mafter, the Rev. Henry Dewe, A. M. and hftix)afd6i«; 
the left by the fecond mafter, the Rev. Thomas Mould, itnii 
created by Sir Chrftopher Wreo, and b altOj^ther a very fnhdble 
^diiKe, and nay ferve a^ a model far others. At the back.froim 
vhcrc before were alfo Cloyfters, has been added wiihintliefe 
four years- a large and comfortable dining^ or fitting room^ for 
the life 6f iTie boyt, more particularly in Winter, where rccreattoo 
or (hidy may be carried on in a more adviintageoud and agrdeabk 
ina^tifr. For Jet the *' JLaudatorei umpnru^i&l^ fay ^^ vhey 
vill of hardinefs anJ capaoii ty ot enduring the inclemencies of 
the weather^ certuinlv ftch ntceiTsfry indulgence as that above 
ncntioned isconuudve, cipecially in thefe days, both to the health 
cff the body and imprc 'cmcnt of the miod.. Geoiiis will not en«> 
dare the hard(hii<^ ot treeziog, whatever dullnefs may be infeniiblc 
to* It is curiou.-> ;o in .;'k the faHsand rffes of thefe little empires. 
Aboot la years ago this Ichooi was at its lowe(t ebb. And Mr. 
pewe commenced wifh only a few boarders. He h^snoir u|i^ 
yrards of forty. This, like all other iiroilar fbtmdations, is bidder 
ihcdireflion of Goveruors or TruAees, who meet here aooaally 
^t the Audit to fettle buiincfs tfnd dine together. The.prefeni 
genttenien are Sir Robert Burdetr, Bart.*Sir Nigel Grefley, Bart. 

John Cave Brown, Efq. theR^. Moore, George Moore, 

Efq. the Rev* John Moore, Rich. Dyott, Efq. -and Bev. Wa. 

Thi Church. 

^ Kxlefiib Be Apoiby PatfOHOs Iterds Alchardi flB 1togeri» 
perfooa Ricos Middi inftitutus per H. quondam 'Epifcppom Lin- 
foln. Mooachi de Barton, percipiunt duasgarbasde teneotibiia 
fiiisde dominico ab antiquo & rettoent totatti decimam'.*' to 
%urtdQ*i time the Fatroo and Reftor pf this ahorch was Mafter 


. His fuceeflbr was tbe Rev. Abraham Moald, who married 
Eliz. fole daughter and heir of Ralph Roper, of Atherftone, la' 
Warwick(hife, Gent, and died 1683, leaving UToe 4 fons and 5 
daughters, who all died tflbelefs, except Anna, wife of Joha 
Wilde, of this place, Gent, by whom (he left a daughter, £liza* 
beth, married co Edward Dawfon, of Long-Whatton, Efq. audi 
bad iflue 2 fons, and 2 daughters, one of whom, Edward, now 
living at Long-Wbatton, is the prefent Patron, ha^ng iflue an 
Olily fon and heir apparent. The prefent Reftor is the Rev. 
■ I This living is valued in the King's books at 

^•2091. 4d. ob. lu prelent value is ^^.300 per annum, or 

The building of the church wears the venerable afpeft of an* 
tiquity, and has a fpire, being pleafingly fituated-near a group of 

In Burton's time were the following arms, &c. within. 

In the fouth window of the Chancel, and north windows of tbe 
Church, '* azure 6 martlets, or^ 3f 2, i« Appleby* 

In the north-eaft window. 

The piAures of Sir Edmund Appleby, and his wife kneeling, 
W whofe furcotes the armes of Appleby. 

In the fouth-eaft window. 

Argent feme de crofle croflelets, fitchy, 3 fleurs de liz fable.-* 

— Bercford. 
Gules 3. lions paflknts gardants or. ■ England. 

The fame with a label of France. ■ Lancafter. 

Azure 6 martlets or, 3, 2, i. Appleby. 

In the weft window in the fteeple« 
Azure -6 martlets or, 3, 2, i. 

Ouarterlv / ^^^^^ * cinquefoil ermine. Aftley, 

^ J^* \ Or two barrs gules. Harecourt, 

There alfo once ftood in this church, then deftroyed, - 

Or three chevrons gules. 
Argent a crofs gules. 

Nebule or and fable. Blunt. 

Argent 3 bears heads erftfedlablei muQedor* Langham. 


tii/bry ofAppUijt i» LeiceffeiiUrtn ji 

Under ao arch^ by the fide of the chancel, ftandetK a 'ik!r raifed 
' tomb of Sir Edmund de Appleby and his lady, whereon lie both 
'their proportions neatly cut in alabafter; he lyeth in armour, at 
his feet aliOD, under his bead an helmet, whereon u his creft, 
^iz, *^ a long cap hatched with feathers, on the top whereof a 
martlets head.** 

There lyeth near adjoyning a flat ftone, whereon is graren the 
coSit of Appleby and Langham, with this drcumfcription : 

'* Hie jacet corpus Ricardi Appleby Armigeri & Elizabethan 
Qxoria ejus, filiae Roberti Langbam de Goppeftiull Armigeri, qui 
Ricardus obiit 1527. Cujus animte propitietur Deus, Amen. 

There lye many other flat flones in the north chapel without 
fcutcheoa or inftriptlon, defaced by time.*"* 

Scarce any remains of arms are now yifible in the windows, 
'except thofe of Appleby, and the fine old altar tomb and effigies 
■are much defated. 

The following infaiptions we find here fince Burton's time. 

On a mural tablet over the door in the ChanccL 

Htc jacet corpus Rerdi viri Mri. Tbo« Mould 
Hojus Ecclefiae reftoris Patronique de 
BobenhuU iuEcdefia Leichfieldiae 8c ' 
Coventrise Prebendarii qui hinc 
• Tranfmigravit 2610. die Septembris 
Anno Dom. 1642. 

Dignus hie luce diuturniore 
< Nifi quod luce meliore dignus. 
- Behold my thread is cutt, my glafle Is runne. 

And yet I live^ and yet my life is done. 

On another mural tablet adjoining. 

Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Abraham Mould, M. A. 
Re£tor and Patron of this church, who married Elizabeth, fole 
daughter and heir of Ralph Roper, of Atherftone, in the County 
of Warwick, Gent, and died the ift day of March, 1683, in the 

2' oth year of his ag^, and was buried in the chancel : he had i/Tue 
y the laid Elizabeth ^4 fons and 3 daughters, (viz.) Thomas, 
I&ac, Jofeph, and Daniel, Elizabeth, Mary, who died iflueiefs, 

* Burton, utfupra, p. 13. 


imd Mmj wi£p of John WtUc, l^te of this iqwq. Qq^T- 49(K|M» 

by whom (he Ipfc Elizabetji^ oiUy furviviog ^hiM» ^^4M nolo 
Coward P^V^po^ of Long Whattoq, Efq. wliQr« iiTuc 9r$ a font 
4od 2 daQgbtcr|» (viz.) Atkios, Edward, Mary, apd Etiz^bfth.-^ 
f^wiurd Df^wfoQr thfeif jppogcr foo, from tk^gr^t lovps^pd a(i^ 
tioQ he beareth to his mocber and her aoceftors^ h^h cauM U^ 
jaonniirnt t» be ercdted, 

AnQ$, ArgcQtf % ban fable, 3 hfwoti )q cbiff.— Cr^fU An 
irm er^.--^^IoctOt Teodimua ad terrain^ 

Tbtrewc fvo odbcr flatftcnes in the Chancel to thcBsemoryof 
JoTeph tad DiQklldonl4» 17339 1735* 7I1 and 78, kc 

On another bandfoiiit moral mmm» io ^ Cb^ncd. . 

'' Near this place ^u^cdepoCted the reinauus of Clhsab^th^ w}^ 
of Edward Dav^ao* Cfq. the ooiy fur?Wing chi|d of Jo^Q Wild^ 
Gent, by Anna, yoongeft daughter of the Rev, Ab. Mooldl 
She, MM nieee and heir ai law to Thomaa Mould. Ifaac, Jofepb, 
Danid» Efiz* apd Mary, was poflefied in fee of the paupnage mxA 
advowfon of this church ; jpgether with divers fireehdds, lands» 
and tenements, ip tbe cgnotjea of Leioefter, Derby, Suff^ril; jud 
Warwick. With thefe «iDd other acccffions of HMkb, Ap waa 
aot high-minded, bur pr^circd grieat homiiiry in bcribfteof Cfie; 
She was a woman of nnaifeAed piety, ftriA psobity» nod gpfctt 
ftfiability, an indulgent parmt, • finocae friend, a tender jnif* 
treis. She fpent her life in conftant evpe^atiosi of dath, add 
Aed in the moft eafy and cjoo^ppisd ^)9^ifUier, on $nnday, 9 of 
Jane, 1764, in the 75th year of her age; knviag %Wo (mm^ and 
two daughters. Edward Dawfoa, her yonnger foa, m$ a Aofcea 
of his duty, great ^{IJQD, and ^ratUiide, bath canfad diia 
aament to be eref^ed to her memory* 

AJMsmt is a hmchaiaiH'HrHb iMc 

Atire, on a bead engrailed ai;g« Im^rtkcsfu 

Oirer all an .^cocbcom lOf pref^mse. 

Qnarterly ;irgent a chevroa cagiAiled AbleXpotted.a;|Qli|ie, m 
a chief fa. 3 martlets, and arg. two b^rs fabl^ 3 ^(mU )fk eWcfc 
M9tlo.~TeA4imus adteD;40l« 


NHfS iaiiM in hit Church, {^/» f 3( 

Oo % mural iDOMiiBCQt of marble in the foiith aUe 
is this iofcripdoa. 

<* Id a vault midomtalh Uct iaccired tlie body of Geoigi 
Moore, Efq. of ao andent family in this parifli, greatly efteemed 
fior many exodlenc virtues, of which the love of his coontry and 
beoevolenoe to the poor were cot the loift. He died the I3tla 
dayof Jaiy, I75i» in the 63d year of his age. 

CharJes Moore of the Mjjddic Temple, Loodoo, ECq. aod the 
Rev. Thomas Moore, M. A. hisorphewsa|idexecatora«raQed 
this mooament 10 bis memory. 

Oo a haiohmeot aboine are theft arma, ** Ermine, 3 Creyhonoda 
Sable w^ Collars Qo : on a Canton Gu« a Lion padant goard* 
ant or.'* 

On a tablet agaioft a pillar. 

In memory of the Rev. James Grefley, who died OOober %p 
I748. •g^' 30 years. 

Alfo in memo«7 of Attn, tri& of the above JamcaGrefley, end 
danghter of Richar^ and Rebecca Farmer^ Gent, of Witberfy* 
She died November ic, 1766, aged 57. 

Underneath are tbeje arms. 

Grefley impaling, ouartcrly, i,and 4, Sab. between j fQ'Oaf; 
X Chevron argent, diarged with a leopard's head Ga. betweeq^ 
t £ftoi]9^ leopards 2, and 3, Moore. ' 

Art. IL M«fx tahn in Iver Church, in the C$mafrf Bud-' 
iugbam, intbtTtmi ^ the Vijitutiw^ July the xiti, Jhm. 

Upon a graveftooe near the Commonkm Tafafe 

Here lieth RIcbaid Mdoke, the fon of John Mooke^ of Rither- 
)ey, in the Coonty of DevMfliire^ and Ua firft wife dangMer of 
Anthony Monkt, of Dudrige in the fame Coonty, and Blanacfac 
hisfecond wife, dau^ter of Richard AnlbaQly of Hefton, in the 
County of Middlefex, where wee now reft till the refarreAioo, 
whqi wee hope to iee God in Ms g^ory: 27th of Novembo^ 
anno 1589: anno R^oi R^n« Eliz. 2a. 

Arms G. a Chevron between 3 fions heads arg. 

Aoodier coat of the fame, empalmg ar. a Wivera Ga-^Diake. 

L Aa 

Od the fontb fide of the CominanioD Tablef. 

Here lyeth the body of Joane Monke, the wife of Henrf 
Mooke, of Iver, Gent, and the daughter of William Hitchcocket 
of Bred-ftreet, in the City of London^ and alfo the body of 
Thomas Moiike the ekler» and of two Henry Monkes, the three 
(bos of the faid Henry and Joane, which Josne dyed the xoth 
day of OAoberi Anno Domino i6oi. 

Arms, quarterly ift and 4th G. a Cherron between 3 lions 
tieads arg: ad and 3d ar. a Wivern Goles. 

Another coat of the fame empaling — • . « • 

Another empaling quarterly, ift and 4th Ermine, a Canton Or 
charged with a ileUr de luce Sa. ad G. a Chevron arg< be<* 
cween 3 eagles heads or. 3d Semee of fleurs de lis. a lion ptf- 

Another empaling a bend wavy between 3 birds. 

On a graveftone in the Middle He. 

Of ydnr charity pray for the foules of William Alney, Efq. 
and- Elizabeth and Anne his wives, which Witlfaim departed this 
life the third day of February, anno i633» on whofe foules Jefa 
have mercy. Amen, 

The portraiture of three fons and the efcocbeon all taken 
away. - 

Arms. Arg. a crofs charged with 5 fieur de lis. In the firft 
quarter a lion rampant or, 
' Another coat of the fame, empaling An ermine fpot. 

On a large modern mural monument richly carved. 

<* O death where is thy fthige, 
O grave where is thy viftorye.'* 

Underneath is this coat of arms : five lions rampant a Canton 

Below which is the following infcription. 

To the honored memory of the right virtuous and relrgioos 
Lady Mary Salter, the beloved confort of Sir William Salter* 
Knt. one of the Cupbearers to her Majelly, daughter of Tho- 
mas Sherland, of Welifhall, in Suffolk, and Anne, daughter of 
Judge Yclverton, by Mary, daughter of Mr. Cattfbj, of Wbi- 
UfkS^k, hi Nortbamptonfhire. 


Vjfinghn, Uncolnfijire, 75 • 

Here the* eartlily DMofioo of a heavenly mind 

A worthy Matron's mortall part is (hrin'd. 

More might l>e faid, if any tombc or (lone 

Were large enough for her inrciiption* 

But words are booties : more eligics hurl'd 

Upon her hearfe are vaine, for to the world 

Like a vaine glorious gamA^rp 't would bnt boaft 
• Not what it now hatbi but what it hat lofl ; 
- And making her lyfe knowne, would caufe my fear 
» 'Twas greater than vertues Arength would beare. 

Obiit 24"* die Aprilis anno domino 1(1 3, aetatis fuse 30. 

Art. III. Uffingion^ Line$lnjhire^ from Baker's CoUf^ama, af 


** Uffington, (near Stanford) the moft beantiful parifh church I 
ever faw, owing to the public pious fpirit of the Hon. Mr. Benie,' 
Jjord and Patron, who has built a fair houfcp not finifhed. ffe 
purchafcd the eftate of the late Duke of Bucks, to whom it camb 
tirom the Rutland fabily, by a daughter of MAnbors." 

Gough, in his additions to Camden, (p* 244) fays, ** Uf&ngton 
was the feat of a younger branch of the Bercies, and now of 
Brownlow, Duke of Ancifter/' 

It is a large village, with fi^eral hamleu belonging to it, the 
principd4>f which is Caflwick, the ancient feat of the Trollops ; 
it is remarkable that the late Sir Thomas Trollop lived in mar* 
juage with his lady near 70 years. (Editor^) 

^ In the Chancell of the church of Ufiing^ton, on the fouthwall, is 
a fair monument in alabaftcr and mat ble, with the cffigij^ o^ 
man, woman, and two children, with this infcription. 

In Laurentium Stanton facrae Theologix DoAorem Decanum 
Lincolnien^mt qui obiit Septem; 17, iEtatis, fux 66, Anno 
Dom. 1613. 

Ecce fub hac DoAor recobat Laurentins Urna 
Stantonus facris muitum deyotus *iepoK 
Ed wardo Rutland Comiti, fratrifque Johanni, 
dhriftophero Hattono qui Cancellarios olimi 
Reginx EIiTae Servus, R^ifque Jacobi, 

X. 2 Ltocoltt- 

^6 VjfflnittHf Une9hjbir€4 

LiQCoInieDfis erat Protomyfta deoeoi tribns aiiDis.r 
Duxit 10 nxorem Courtmed, faagoiiie iMafh 
Agnetem Doley^ triplid qo4 profe beatns 
Fiiias anus et alter erat; fimul ant Puella, 
£t Pater et Proles tamulo coadumur in ifto^ 
Quem fua, fida fibi, conftriixit otipt^ fnpcrfles, 
Dooec crit tempus quam cootamoleotur in uoum* 

His piDS ag. r Minor ram cooAis fhiferationibns tdls ef i^ritiie 
iiofcic qnls i tna quaa explevtfti (erTotuo, nam cuifi B«cnb 
fuit unde de- 1 meo tnofiTt Jordaoom bnoc et nude reftredkH* 
ens, I cum doabxis turmis. Oen. 52, la. 

On a table near the north door. 

A free and perpetual gift of isd. a week given to the poore of 
UffingtoOy by Agnes Aiifie, fometime wife oif Dr. Stanton, Dean 
of Uocolai and Parfon of this parilh, yearly to be payd oot of 
feme land in Pinchbaick, formerly in the pdTeifion oi Mr. Pea^ 

'From the old Rqglfter book of the PariOi 6f Uffington. 

. Mailer 0odor Stanton was buried October 13, j6i^. 
' Joane Stanton, tfa^ daughter of Joane StantoO, Cbrifiened 5^ 
Sept. 1565. 

Richard Stanton, Chfiftened 10 Auguft, 1587. * ^' 

Laurence Stanton, fon of Laurence and Agnes, bapt!&d tc) 
Nov. born 13 Nov. 1591 ; buried 3 May, 1425. 

Roger Stanton, the fenne of Laurence Stanton, and Agoes his 
wife, borti la Sept. bapt. 19 Sept I596f buried 11 April, 1620. 

Ellz^th, daughter of Laurence and Agnes, born 10 Sept 
6apt. 17 Sept. 1598. 

l^ames of the ReAors of Uffiogton^ as entered in the RegiAer. 

' T)r. Staunton, Dean of Lincoln. Mr. Laurence Peers. 

Mr. Bryan Vincent. Mr. Thomas Sprat. 

Mr. Paul Wingfleld. Mr. John Evans, prefented by 

Mr. John Quarles. K- Ch.Il. upon the prottiotioo 

Mr. John South. of Dr. Spratt to. the See <rf 

Mr. Michael Hodfon. Rochefter: 
Mr. Henry Field. 

* He was Fe^or of Cailor la Honliammalbire. 

*^ John 

TmrtM tbe MiBand Okntiis. ij 

John Towers, Bifliop of Peterboroiigb» wuFcUow of Queens 
College, in Cambridgei where he «Qed the part of Dolimaa in 
the Play Igmramus. He w«* ReAor of Caftle-Afliby, in North- 
ainptoDihire, where he prtAched a fermon before King James 
againft the profaning of churches, and particularly touched upon 
the abufe of converting a part of that chancell into il wardrobe. 
'the King was pleafed with the bold blunteefs, and made him his 
cbapkun. After imprifonment in the Tower, and fequeftracion^ 
and many fufferings, he kept pofleffionof his Palace in Peterbo-* 
rough tlU under a melancholy impreflion of the femence againft the 
King, be died the night before the execution of it, Jan. 29, i640» 
add Was buried near the high altar of his own Cathedral. His v^ife 
fnrvived, and was buried in the weft porch* He had one fon, 
Reftor of Bernack, and eight daughters. 

Art. IV. T9ur tbr$* ibe Midland Countiet^ c$ntinutd/hm p. 29 
tftbe laft Number. 

In the laft portion of our tour, we left our readers at Leicefler^ 
and then laid we (bould pafs lightly over thii ancient city, fo rich 
with biftorical matter^ becaufe i; had already been treated of fo 
^ully by others, and would foon be defcribed yet more amply by 
Mr. NichoUs. Being aware of this, when there, we did not lofe 
time in gomg over ground that had already been trod by others. 
Vet we will juft mention the few tbiogs that forced themfelves 
on our notice. 

The town is tolerably well built, but of no extraordinary 
beauty,* We particularly noticed the College founded by Henry* 
Duke of Lancafter, called the Newark^ (or New-i»9rk^ to dif- 
tinguffh it from the older foundafido of the Mooaflery of St» 
Mary de Pratis.) We traced the walls ihatendoTed ir» which flilK 
with the exception of a few breaks^ remain. The two gateways 
are alfo ftill cxiHiag.' WitMn the fdte of tbefe waUs b an Bert* 
piul, founded by Henry, Earl of Laacafter, 1331, and rebmlc by 
Geo. 11)9 1776. Here are aUb feveral good booTes» inhaUied by 
genteel people, among which is an aodent gable-ended-^boufi^ 
now inhabited by an Hofier, but formerly the paternal <ear 6[ 
Judge Carter, for whom we obfenrcd the lollowit^ cpitajrfi in the 
pelghbonring church of St. Mary. 

* la Mr. GougVs additioai to Camden, Vol. II. pi 10a, ftc. is a fcry 
anpla defcripdoa of Lctccfter, fnua (bme MS. papers of the late Mr. Cafte^ 
ia tbe Bodleian library. 


7* V^tir ihrf the Midland Counthu 

On a Mural miirble Monumeot. ^ 

<' Near this place lie interred the remaiDs oF the FTooourable Sir 
Lawrence Carter, Kt. late dtie of the Barons of his Majcfty'a 
Court of Exchequer, foa of Lawrence Carrer, Efq. and Mary his 
wife, who was daughter of Thomas Wadland, Efq. of the New- 
arks. He was thrice Member of Parliament for the Borough of 
Leicefier, and Recorder of the fame. He was eminent in his pro-' 
fleffion, and in every ftatton of his life acquitted himfelf with In- 
tegrity and honour. He departed this life March 14, 1744, 
*t. 73- 

Arms. G. 2 lions countercombatant O. quartering A. on a 
pale B. 3 A.* 

The church belonging to the College is gone. 

In this town there Is another Hofpital founded by Williaoi 
Wigfton, Merchant of the Staple, temp. Hen. VI. 

Here is alfo a Charity- fcbool founded by voluntary fubfcription, 


fo the houfe of the Grey Friars in this town, the dead body of 
Rich, III, flirown acrofs a horfe, behind a purfuivaniof arms,was* 
brought, after the battle of Bofworth fidd, naked and bloody; and 
hefe it is faid td have been buried. 

From hence we fet ofFfoi* A(hby-dc-la-Zouch, 17 miles diftant^ 
eroding the river Soar^ anciently called I#i>, we pafs along a fil- 
thy row of houfes, called Abbey-Gate, and on the firft afcent 
leave in the meadows'od our right the Abbey of St, Mary de 
Pratis beforementioned. This was founded in 1143 by Robert; 
de Bojffb^ tart of Leicefter, for Canons Regular of the Order of 
8t* -Auftin The founder became a Canon Regular profefled 
Here, and 'remained fo -rs ycafs. The famous Gilbert FoKot, 
BiflSop of' Htieford, waf* Abbot of this houfe, as was alfo the 
learAcd hiftorian, Henry de Knighton. So alfo was Philip Re« 
piDgfori, a famous follower and defendar of Wiclifie. Bui this 
Abbey is moft famous for being the foene of the death of that ex- 
traordinary man, Cardinal JVolfej. ' 

it may not be an unentertaining digreffion to recall to the 'me- 
mory of our readers a few of the leading ctrcamftaoces of this 
intcrefling event, in Eafter 15309 the Cardinal left the Court, 

' • Sir John Aubrey, Btru h« married the daughter (and we believe heir) 
of his elcieft fon. Tbc J udge's sd fon is a fiarriftcr, we think, ililMmng; 


TitiY thfV tbi Midland CoimtUs. 7f 

Mid fet out on bis ioinmcy to York. Soon after Michaelmte he 
removed towards Cajw^od Caftle, one of the feats beloDgiog to 
' the Arcbbi(hop of York, about 12 miles diftaot from that Cit^, 
where by his piovs and prudent bebaviour» and his great bofpi- 
tality, he acquired much booourt lQve» and efleem from perfoos 
of every defcription* There, at great expence, be repaired the 
Callle, employing on that occaiion, 300 periods daily at work.* 
While he was making preparations for his inftallment, he was 
arreAed by the l^arl of Northumberland, and Sir Walter Welch» 
upon a charge of High Treafon. On Sunday fbUowiog he fet 
forward on his journey towards London.f 

In his way he was entertained, fays Fiddes4 ^ith much kind* 
nefs and refpedl by the Earl of Shrewfbury, at Sheffield Park^ 
ynxYi whom he ftay'd a fortnight* While he was there one day 
at dinner, he complained pf a fndden extraordinary coldnefs at 
bis ftomach. It has been attributed to poifoo, as fome fuppofe 
taken by choice^ as others, given him fecretly by his enemies. 
From this time he continued lick and infirm, but yet prepared to 
proceed on his journey. Being however reduced to fo weak 1^ 
ftate, that, in the opinion of his f hyfidans, he had not i^bove 
four or five days to live, be was not able, as he propofed, to fet 
forward the next day, but two days after he arrived at Nottiog* 
bam, lying one nieht at an houfe of the EarL of Shrewfbury's, 
caUed Hardwici-Hallfi fays Fiddes,|| and, which proved hi4 
lafi flage, the next day at Leicefter jMey. Here at bis coming ia 
late, having been fo fick by the way that he could fcarce £t oa 
horfeback, the Abbot with all the Convent met him at the gatp 
with lighted torches, and honourably received and well welcomed 
him with great reverence, but he only made this Ihort but 
moving and prophetic fpeech; ** Father jthbot^ I am come U 
** lay my bones among you*** 

After this, which happened on Saturday, he was led up flairs, 
but not without much diiHcnlty, to bed. On Monday mormng, 
Mr. Cavendijh about eight of the clock, ftanding by the bed- 

* Fiddet's life of Wolfcy, p. 521, 5,11. 

f Ibid, p» 523. 

t P. 5*7. 

§ Query ? A future Earl of Shrewfbury might poilefs Hardwtck-Ylill^ in 
Derbyihire, in right of his wife, the famous Elizabeth Hardwick, widow 
of Sir William Cavendiih.— -Might not thU be Win^field Maaor, or HaU^ 
in the fame neighbourhood, defcnbed in Top. Vol. 1. p. 568. 


So T0ur tknf thi MJOdni Autah^. 

fide cboughe bt fenewed Us drawing w inoards death. Tire 
Cardinal obfifviog biai, a&cd, '' what is it a^Uct i upon whidi 
he tofweriog eight of the ciieJtf tbe Cardinal repaited thofc 
words feferal times, faying at length, '* that canndt he^fir at eight 
»f the clock yeu Jball fee your mafier^s time draw near^ that I muft 
depart thiswerW^ Which wordc Cavendifh, with others ta 
vmm he repeated them, nnderftood as fpolcen allafiveiy to his 
mailer's death at eight o'docli the next morning. Before he died 
he made a fpeech at the end of which he faid, ^ had I hutferveJ 
Ged as diUgetstfy as I have ferved the Eang^^^he weuld mt have 
given me ever in mj grey hairs. But this is the jefi rewara 
that I mu^ receive hr «y M^ent pains and yf itt§r, net regarding 
mjfirvice te Ged^ M te ny ISngJ'^ 

He dytd of a Dyrentery, oo Tueiday momingt Not, 29, 
after he had received extreme nnAioo, and been afffted by the 
prayers of the Abbot. 

The next day after he had been, witli his coffin opciit bare- 
faced» to be feeo of all perfons that defired to fee htm, till three , 
•'clock in tbe afcernooo, the Abbot with great (blemnity perform- 
ad the faneral office ev^ him. 

On thefeaftof St. Andrew^ which wss the day foOowing, 
eMy ia the morning abofit four of the clock, feveral religious 
rites were performed, as was ufual at the hiterment of Biihopsy ^ 
the Abbot frying Mafs; after which his body about fix o'clock 
was depofited in the middle of tbe chap4 of the Abb^$ bot 
of which even the ruins are not at prefent to be difcovered.f 

Such was die well^knowo fall of 4his famous man. Wc 
could not pafs fo near the fcene of his left honrs Witboot having 
oar imaginations filled with iadages of thofe fickle times, and our 
hearts depiefled with refledions npoo human vaidty, not the le& 
poignant becaufe they are too common to be repeated. 
^The road we were now travelliog was rather difiigreeable. 
tscepc that the bold features of Chariey Foreft gave it now and 
then an interefting appearance. On our left lay Kirby» and cm 
OUT right Glenfieldy both in the hundred of Sparketihoe* 

• Who doe« 00c reMll^ tbe divine fpccch put into bis moqth by Shtkt« 
fpcarc, too well knowiUfcre to be repeated at lengtb ? 

«< Farewell, a lone farewell to all my matnefal &c. &C tec 

«• Had I but lenr'd my God with half the zeal 

«4 I ferv'd my King, be would not io mine age 

M Have left me naked to mioe enemies." Hen. VHI. Aft Ilf^ 

f So Fiddei, p. $\9. Coaiult Carte's paper, U Gough's Camden, n%dev 

Tour tbn* thi MMand Quntiir. 8t 

. Itirb7» ^ich lies on the weft fide of Leicefter Fortfft,* be- 
longed to Sir William Herie, Knt. Chief Juftice 4f the Com- 
moa Pleas, in the time of Edward L He bore G. afejfe hetwetn 
3 Jhov^Urs A. His dftugbter, (or according to Burtoo, grand* 
Sattghter) and heir carried it in marriage to Sir Ralph Haftings^ 
who 4ied 1346, graDd&ther to William firft Lord Haftings. 
Hence this continued the chief feat of the fieimily for fome time, 
till they had a grant of the Caftle of A(bby-dela-Zouch. la 
Burton's time it belonged to Sir Henry Haftings, Knt. ion of 
Walter Haftings, Efq. yoongeft ion of Francis, fecond Earl of 
Huntingdon, which Sir Henry of Kirby, and aftei^ards o£ 
Biraunfton, died September 15, 1649, hairing married two wives. 
By his firft wife Dorothy, daughter of Edmund Huddleftoo, o£ 
f^iJex, Efq. be had four foos and five daughters. By his fecond 
wife Eleanor, daughter of Sir Plulip Knevet, Bart, he had three 

. I. Walter, 2. Edmund, 3. Henry, who by EliZi daughter 
of Thomas Vifcount Beaumont, had iOTue Henry, born 1 653 ; 
4. Ferdinand, who bad UTue Ferdinand, born 1650. 5. Henry, 
6. Knevet, 7. Charles. Sir Henry like the reft of his kindred 
was firmly attached to the royal canfe, and paid ^.2072 for re- 
deeming his eftate. It was obferved of thofe fons of Francis, 
Earl of Huntingdon, that tho' they differed in religion, fonle 
9f them being zealous Papifts, and the reft as zealous Proteftant^» 
yet they lired with the greateft harmony and brotherly aifec- 

In 50 Edward III, Simon Packman held a mefliiage and cer- 
tain lands here, of the Duke of Lancafter, in focage, by keeping 
ibe ParkofDesford, near adjoining, which land afterwards came 
to Sir Roger Swillington, Knt« Kirby is in the parifli of Glen- 
£eldy and has a chapel, &c. 

* Such has been the common acceptation of it $ tho' in reality it is no 
foreft, but only a chace; as will appear from thefe differences, mentioned 
by Man wood, in his Treatife of Foreft Laws. A chace has no particular 
laws appropriated' to itfelf only ; for all offenders in a chace are to be pu- 
siihed by the Common Law only. A chace hath no fuch officers as a fo- 
reft has i for it has neither Verderors, For efters, Regardcrs, or RegifVers, 
but only Keepers and Woodwards. A chace hath no Court of Atudi^ 
mentSy Swainmote, or Juftice Seat, like a foreft j all which this of Leices- 
ter has not, and therefore is no foreft. 

t Coll. Peer. HI. p. 95. (Ed. 1779O 

M Her« 

82 Tmr thr$' tbi Mdland Counthf. 

^ Here was formerly a Park at Kirby, imparked by WOlfam^ 
firft Lord Haftings, 14 Edward IV. 

Gleofield belonged ancicDtly to the fiinily of Gleofield, who 
bore ^' Ertniae, 3 Mafcles in fefs, voided, gules;" the heirefs 
of whom marryiog Fowlehurft, of Chefhirc, carried it into that 
family, la 20 Henry iV, Robert Fowlehurft was Lord of this 

The charcb, which is a Vicarage, formerly belonged to the 
Abbot San^ii Ebruifi^ and has a chapel annexed to it at Braunf^ 
ton. The patron, in Burton's time, was Sir Henry HalKngs, 
of Kirby» Knt. In the church is a monument of Fowlehurft, 
with his arms *' Gules, frctty, Or. a chief. Ermine,'' im- 
paling feverai others, 

firaunfton, in this par!(h, lies nearer Leicefter. In 31 of 
Edward, I. William Camviie, of Clifton Camvile, Staffordflure^ 
Knt. held this manor when Robert Burdet held half a Knight's 
Fee here. In 20 Edward III. Robert Herle was Lord of this Ma- 
nor, held of the Fee of Pcvcrell. For it was of two Fees, Win- 
ton and Peyerell, as appears by an old record in the time of Ed- 
ward L 

This Manor came afterwards to Sir Thomas Edlngton, of 
Barrow, upon Soar, Knight, who bore ** azure two Lions paf- 
fant or." He being attainted by K. Edward iV, in the 7th of 
his reign, it was granted with Barrow to William Lord Haftings; 
wbofe dtfcendant Sir Henry Hafiings, Knt. fon of Walter Br- 
ings, Efq. fifth fon of Francis Earl of Huntingdon, poflefied i^ 
in Burton's time. 

Four miles brought us to Groby, a fmall poor looking village, 
where however we Taw the mound of the ancient caftle, and fome 
fmaii brick remains of an ancient boufe, now ufed as an hovel. 

This Manor (with divets other lands in this county) was given 
by the Conqueror, to Mugli Grandmeifnell, a Norman, created 
afterwards Baron of Hinkley, and High Steward of England, 
by William Rufus; whofe daughter and coheir Petronella, or 
Parnell, carried this manor in marriage to Robert Blanchmaincs^ 
Earl of Leicefter ; from wliom it came by marriage with Marga- 
ret, fifter and coheir of Robert Fitzparnell, Earl of Leicefter, 
to Saher de Quincy, created Earl of Winchefter 8th of King 
John, who died 4 Henry III; whofe fon and heir Roger, Earl 
of Winchefter, died 48 Henry III, leavipg iffuc three coheireflcs, 
one of whom Margaret, wife of William de Ferrers, Earl of 
Derby, gave it to hef fccond fon William de Ferrers, who was 


fiur thro* the Midland Counties. 83 

^ftftefwtrds created Baron of Groby. Elizabeth the heir general 
of FerrerSy was married to Sir Edward Grey, Knt. whofe grai^d* 
foQ Thomas, was created Marqiiis of Dorfet, by Edward iV. 
and was attainted by Richard III. and fled to Venice, but was 
reflored by Henry VII. and began to build here, but died loth 
of this reign, iea?ing iflTue by Cicely, daughter and heir of Wil- 
liam Lord Bonvile and Harrington, Thomas, Marquis of Dor- 
fct, who died 22 Henry VJII, leaving iflue Henry Grey, Duke 
of Suffolk, beheaded 1553, and John Grey, of Pirgo, in Eflex, 
whofe foQ and heir Henry, (by Msfry, daughter of Anthony 
Browo, Vifcount Mootacute,) was reflored to this eftate, and 
created Baron Grey, of Groby, by King James I. and bis grand- 
fon Henry was created Earl of Stamford, 1628, from whom 
isdefcended the prefent Earl of that title, now owner of G toby. 
The manor is held of the King, by half a Knight's Fee. It was 
formerly a market town, by the procurement of Henry, Lord 
Ferrers, of the grant of King Edward HI, but long fince dif- 
#ontinued. Here was alfo an ancient caflle, whofe walls were 
beaten down by order of Henry II. Here bad been alfo a fair 
and ancient chapel, but all thefe buildings are ruined and gone.* 
It is in the pariih of Ratby, about two miles fouthward. Clofe 
to Groby Pool ftands a neat modern houfe, belonging to — 

Boothby, Efq. 

About two miles to the right is Bradgate, in the hundred of 
Weft Gofcote, upon the border of Charnwood Fpreft, which 
nunor came in the fame line as Grobv* Thomas Grey, Marquis 
of Dorfet, in the time of Henry VIII, built here a .very fair, 
large, and beautiful houfe, inhaUted afterwards by his foo Henry 
Grey, Duke of SufFolk.f 

Here was born the Duke's daughter, the famous Lady Jane 

.Grey. Her fweet difpofition and wonderful accompliihments are 

well known. It is impoiliblc to think on her without haviag 

the heart elevated by the fublimeft, as well as melted with cha 

tendereft feelings. 

How intereilcd muft we feel about Bradgate, when we reed- 
leA it was not only the birth place, but the fcene of the happy 
childhood, and the early (ludies of this incomparable heroine 1 

Of her ftrong affeflion to learning, there is a remarkable tefti^ 
mony given by Mr* Afcham,| which, as it does honour to her- 

* See Leland's dcfcription of this place in our firft Vol. p. 45. 46, 
f See Leland*8 account of this alfo. Ihid. 
2 Vid. his f^boolmader, p. 11. 

M * felf 

84 Tour thro* the Midland Countits. 

felf aod learned preceptor, we cannot pafs by in (ilence. ^ One 
example (faith he) whether love or fear doth mOre in a child, for 
virtue and learning I will gladly report ; whith may be heard 
f mth fome pleafare, and followed with more profit. Before I 
went into Germany, Icame to Brodcgate, in LeicenerOiire, td 
take my leave of that noble lady, Jane Gray, to whom 1 was 
exceeding much beholding. Her parents the Duke and the 
Dutchefs, with all the houftiold, gentlemen and gentlew()men» 
were hunting in the Park ; I found her in her chamber, reading 
Phadott Platonis in Greek, and that with as much delight, as 
fome gentlemen would read a merry tale in BocCace. After falu* 
tation, and duty done, with fome other tfiilk, 1 a(ked her, why 
ihe would loofe fuch paftime in the park ; fmiling, (he anfwered 
me; I wiffe all their fport in the parke is but a (hadow to thdt 
pleafure that I find in Plato : Alas, good folk, they never felt 
what true pleafure meant. And how came you, madam, quoth 
I» to this deep knowledge of pleafure, and what did chiefly 
allure you unto it, feeing not many women, but very few mAi 
have attained thereto. I will tell you, faith (he, aod tell you a 
troth, which perchance ye will marvel at. One of the greareft 
benefits that ever God gave me, is, that he fent me fo (harp and 
fcvere parents, and fo gentle a (choolmafter. For when I am in 
prefence either of father or mother, whether 1 fpesrfc, keep filettce, 
fit, fiand, or go, eat, drink, be merry, or fad, be fewing, dancing, 
or doing any thing elfe, I malt do it, as it were, in fuch weight, 
fiicafure, and number, eve[> fo perfe6l1y as God made the world ; 
or elfe I am fo (harply taunted, fo cruelly threatened, yea prefentiy 
fometimes with pinches, nips, and bobs, and other ways, (which 
I will not name, for the honour I bear them) without meafure 
mtfordered, till the time come, that I muft goto Mr. Elmer; who 
teacheth me fo gently, fo pleafantiy, with fuch fair allurements to 
learning, that 1 think all the time nothing, whiles I am with him. 
.And when lam called from him, I fall on weeping, becaufe, whet- 
Ibcver I do elfe, but learning, is full of grief, trouble, fear, and 
whole milliking unto me. And thus my book hath been fo niuch 
sny pleafure ; and bringeth daily to me more pleafures and more, 
that in refpeA of it, all other pleafures in very deed, be but trifles 
and very troubles unto me. 1 remember this talk very gladly, 
(fay th Mr. A.) both becaufeitisfo worthy of memory, and becaufe 
it was the laft talk that ever I had, and the lafl time that ever I 
faw that noble and worthy lady.'** 

' * Ballard's Memoirs of Brltiih Ladies^ p. 71. 


Tour thn* the Midland Cotmths. 8j; 

Of the mournful face of this moil togdic creature every bodj 
has heard. The fatal day that clofed her life was Feb. la^ 
1553-4.. «* She had, (fays Fallcr,).the ionoccncy ofchildhood, 
the beauty of youth, the folidity of middle^, ihe gravity of old 
age» aod all at eighteen : the birth of a PrinceTs, the learoiog of 
a Clerk, the life of a Saint^ yet the death of a malefador for her 
parents offences." 

Bradgtte, as well as Groby, is ftill the property of the Earl of 
Statnford. The old houfe was burnt down fome years ago, btt 
the park remains. A view of the ruins has lately been publiOied 
by Mr. Throfby of Leiccfter.f 

The following leafe of lands belonging to the CoDvent of Ge« 
rendoa we found in Peck's MS. Monaliicon, and have thought 
it worth infertion in this place. 

Thomas Syefton, (the laft Abbot of Gerendoa) Sept. 12, 11 
H. VIII, 1519) graots a leafe of 99 years of all the Covcnt lands 
at Bradgate in Leicefterfhire, to i honias, lAxd Marquis of Dor- 
fee, in lieu of another leafe, of the fame term of years, granted 
by the faid Lord Marquis, of a pafture and eroft adjoyning, at 
Shepeibed, in the fame county, to the fame Abbot4 

1. This Indenture made the xiith day of Sept. the xith yere 
of the reign of our Sovereign Lord King Henry Vlllth between 

2. The right noble Thomas, Lord Marquis Dorfec, Lord Fer- 
rers of Groby, AfUey, Bonvile, and flarrington^ of the one pai^ 
tie; and 

3. The right Reverend Father in God, Thomas, Abbot of the 
Monafterie of our Lady of Gerendon, otherwife called Garandon, 
and the Convent of the fame, on the other party : witnefTeth, 

4. That the faid Abbot and Convent have granted, dimyied, 
and to ferme letten, and by thefe prefents grant, dynoitte and to 
ferme lect to the'fatd Thomas, Lord Marquis Dor fet, all their 
lands, teuements, rents, reverfions, and fervices, with their appur- 
tenances in Bradgate. 

5. Except a yearly rent of I2d. paid to them by the Prior of 

6. To have and to hold the faid lands, tenements, rents, re* 
verfions, and fervices, with their appurtenances (except as befole 

* Holy State, p. 311-* 
f See Top. Vol. I. p. 446. 

{ From tbe original (a parchment deed) in the hands of Ambr. Philips, 
Cf^. 1739. % 


86 Tcttr thra' the Midland Counties. 

excepted) to the faid Ihomas, Loiyl Marquk Dorfet, and to hi» 
heirs, affigoes, from the feaft of St. Michael, the Archangel, laft 
paft, before the date of thefe prefeots, unto the end and term of 
99 years then next, and immediately enfuing and fully to be com- 
pleat, yielding and paying therefore yearly to the faid Abbot and 
Covent, and to their fucceflbrs, at the feaft of Chriftmas, a pep- 
per corn, ifitbeaflced; 

7. Alfo the faid Abbot and Covent grant, by thefe prefeots to 
the faid Thomas, Lord Marquis Dorfet, that it (hall be lawful to 
him, his hdrs and a/fignes, at all times at their pleafure, during 
the faid term, to fell and cut down, fell, carry away, the woods 
growing in and about the f$iid lands, tenements, and other the 
premifes, without let or interrtr)>tion of the faid Abbot and Co- 
vent, or of their fucceflbrs* 

8. And alfo the faid Abbot and Covent, covenant and grant by 
thefe prefents, for their and their fucceffors, to the faid Thomas, 
Lord Marquis Dorfet, and to his heirs, that they, and their fuc- 
ceflbrs (hall warrant, acquire, .and defend by thefe prefents the 
faid lands and tenements, and other premifes (except before ex* 
cepted) to thefaid Thomas, Lord Marquis Dorfet, his heirs and 
nffignes, againft all men during the term aforefaid, 

9. 10, I J, 12, &c. &c. 

13. In witnefs whereof the parties abovenamed to thefe inden- 
tures, eaterchangeabie have fet their feals on the day and year 
above- written. (The feal is gone, but the deed is (igaed.) 

Thomas Sy (Ion, Abbot of Garendon.* 

About three mile beyond Groby, on the declivity of the hill, 
n^r the turnpike, Hands Markfield, a fmall village, with a fpire 
church. It is in the hundred of Sparkenhoe, and was the antient 
inheritance of the Earls of Leicefter, and afterwards Winchefler, 
in the fame manner as Groby ; from whom by marriage it came to 
Alexander Comin, Earl of Bucquan. 

In 20th Henry VI, Richard Parker was feized of certain lands 

K. Edw* IV, in the 4th year of his reign, granted this Manor 
to William, Lord Haflings. 

** Ecclcfiae de Markfield patronus Comes Winton, perfona Wil- 
limus inftitutus per Hugonem nunc Epifcopum Lincoln, folvens 

* Peck^t Monad. Angl. Supplem. Tom. 4* Muf. Brit. Ex pono. Tb- 
Cave Mil. 4937. 


Tiirr ihrd" the Midland Coumiit. 87 

Icdcfiae dc Ratby lad. die St. Gr^orii ab aatiqno." (Rot. s, 
Hen. IIL) The patrons in 1622, of the church, which is a Rec- 
tory, were the King, and Huntingdon family, by turns. 

We now continued fome miles on the fide of Charnwood Fo« 
reft, commonly called Charley Foreft from a place of that name 
upon it, in the Hundred of Weft Gofcote, where Robert Blanch* 
maines. Earl of Leicefter, in the reign of ilenry 11. built a fmall 
Priory, for Friars Hermites of the Order of St. Auguftine. 

** Cherley Heremitarum patronus Comes WiatOQi ibi foleot 
manere tres fratres*'' (Rot. 3 Hen. lil.) 

This foreft, which is about 20 miles in compafs, extending 
along the north-weft part of the county, near Loughborougbt 
&c. is of a rocky and barren nature, full of hills, tors, and dells 
of a flaty kind, but little wood remaining. Soon after the Con- 
queft, it was difaffbrefted, and reftored again by Henry II ; but 
was afterwards diraiForefted by Henry III. 

In the 6th of £dw. I, Hugh le Oefpencer, created after Earl 
of Winchefter, held this Foreft of the King, as it remains to this 
day, paying yearly a pair of gilt fpurs. K. £dw. I, gave this 
LerdAip and Foreft to Alexander Comin, Earl of Bucquao, for 
his affiftance in Scotland, during the difpute between Baliol and 
Bruce ; and his grand-daughter and coheir Alice, marrying Henry* 
Lord Beaumont, one of his defendants, Henry, Lord Beaumout, 
ioclofed with a ftone wall, a park in this Foreft, near Lough* 
borough, which ftill retains its nameof Beaumanor, but was long 
iince difparked. John Vifcount Beaumont, flain at the battle <9F 
Northampton, 38 of Henry VI, left iflhe William, Vifcount Beaa- 
mont, attainted 3 of Edw. IV, who died without ifliie, wherenpoa 
Joan his iifter and heir carried it in marriage to John,^ Lord Lo* 
▼ell, whofe fon Francis, Vifcount Lovell, attainted i Henry VII, 
forfeited this eftate to the crown. He died without ifliie. His 
fifters and heirs Joan married Sir Brian Stapleton, Kt.* and Fridef- 
wide niarried Sir Edward N orris, Kt.f 

Queen Elizabeth granted Beaumanor to Sir Wm. Herricke, 
Kt. tie went Ambaflador for her into Turkey, and was alfo one of 
the Tellers of the Exchequer, and enjoyed other places under the 

* Wliofe dcfcendants now claim the Btrooy of Beaumont, in right of • 
Ithis defcent. 

f The heir of thii match was the unfonunate Knight, to whom Q^ Anne 
Boleyn dropped her handkerchief, an imprudence that coft bodi their lives. 


S8 Tsur thro* the SCHand Countin. 

CrowD, in the reiga of James L lo this ftmily it has remaiDcd 

ev«r fiiiGc. 

la i739f themanfion, bwlt by Lord Beauaiont, was taken 
down, and the prefent boufc built in its place by Wm. Hcrricke, 

There is in the half a remarkable chair, neatly carrcd, made of 
one folid oak^ee, cur down in the grounds 1690 ; the circnm- 
fercncc of which meafiires 34 feet, the diameter 5 feet 10 inches. 
Here is alfo a curious portrait of Henry Jenkins, of Yorkshire, 
who lived to the age of 169. 

Drayton in his Poly-Olbion, gives the following defcription of 

the Foreft. 

O Ghamwood, be thou calPd the choiceft of thy kind^ 
The like in any place, what flood hath hapt to find? 
No traft in all this iQe, the proudeft let her be. 
Can (bew a fylvan nymph, for beauty like to thee: 
The fatyrs, and the fawns, by Dian fet to keep. 
Rough hills, and foreft holts were iadly feen to weep, 
When thy high* palmed harts, the fport of bows and hounds. 
By gripple borderers hands, were baniflied thy grounds. 
The Driades that were wont about thy lawns to rove, 
To trip from wood to wood, and feud from grove to grove. 
On ^Sharpley that were feen, and Cadman's aged rocks, 
Againd the rifing fun, to braid their filver locks ; 
And with the harmlefs Elves, on healthy fBardons height 
By Cynthias colder beams to play them night by night, 
Exird their fweet abode, to poor loane commons fl^. 
They with the oaks that liv'd, now with the oaks arc dead. 
Who will defctibc to life, a foreft, let him take 
Thy furface to himielf, nor (hall he need to make 
Another form at all, where oft in thee is found 
Fine ftiarp but eafy hills, which reverently are crown'd 
With aged antique rocks, to which the goats and (beep,* 
' ' (To him that ftands remote,) do foftly fecm to creep. 
To gnaw the little (hrubs, on their iieep fides that grow ; 
Upon whofe other part, on ibme dcfcending brow^ 

* Two mighty rocks in the foreiL 
t Ahiliiathefbr«ft- 


T&Mr tiro* the Midland Counties. 89 

Huge floDes are haogiog out, as tho' they dowa would drop. 
Where uoder-growing oaks oq their old fhoulders prop 
The others hoary heads, which (till fceoi to decliue. 
And in a dimble near, (even as a place diviae. 
For contemplation fit) an ivy-ceiled bower. 
As nature had therein ordain'd fome fylvan power; 
As men may very oft at great aflemblies fee, 
Where many of mod choice, and wondred beauties be ; 
For (latUre one doth feem the beft away to bear ; 
Another for her fliape, to ftand beyond compare ; 
Another for the fTne compofure of a face ; 
Another (hort of thcfe, yet for a modeft grace 
Before them all prefer'd ; amongft the reft yet one. 
Adjudged by all to be,;fo perfeft paragon, 
That all thoie parts in her together fimply dwell, 
' For which the others do fo feverally excel. 
My Charnwood like the laft hath in herfelf alone. 
What excellent can be in any Forcft flxcwn."* 

This Foreft is in form fomewhat fquare, of an hard barren foilt 
full of hills, woods, and rocks of ftone, difalForefted by Hen. Ill 
It extends about 10 miles in length, and 6 in width, and tho' in 
Leland*s time it had plenty of wood, and in the memory of man a 
fqiiirrel might be hunted in it fix miles together without touching 
the ground, it is now without a tree in the uninclofed part.f 

But let us return from fo wide a deviation, to mark the objects 
in our route. Our attention was next engaged to that long tradt 
of hills, which lie aimoft eafl and weft, the principal of which is 
called Bardon-hill. Its circumference at the bottom is large, 
rifing up gradually to a great height, very rugged and woody. 
The fummit of this vaft feature affords a pleafing and very ex* 
tcnfive profpeA, particularly to the weft and fouth. Lincoln 
Cathedral alfo, which is nearly 50 miles diftant in a diredb line, 
is diftinftly vifible. Here, we are told, the famous William 
Ludlam of Leiccfter, lately deceafed, a great Mechanick and Phi- 
lofopher, formerly Mathematic LeAurer of St. John's Coll. Cam. 
ufed to repair with his telefcope and other inftruments of ob- 
fervation. Here was formerly a park, which in 2oih Henry VII, 
was the inheritance of John de Vere, Earl of Oxford, at which 

' • Seng 2i, p. 32©. 
t Cough's Additions 10 Ctmdcn, Vol. 11. p. zi i. 

N time 

^ Tifur thro* the JMSdland 0»untUr. 

time there were 4 dwelliog-houres inhabited* Wm. Hood, Ef^. it 
the prefent owner, wbofe family have pofTefied it from the time 
c^Q^ Eliz. There is alfo a Prefbycerian meeting hoafe near the 
road fide. 

Behind thefe bills, in a fequeftcred and romantic fpot, Robert 
Blanchmain, Earl of Letce(ler, in the time of Henry II, founded a 
fmall Priory, called Ofolvefcroft, or Ullvefcroft, for Hermits, of 
the Order of St. Auflin ; which at the DiiTolution, was valued at 
loil. 3s. lod. 

** Ullefcroft Heremitarum, patronus Comes Wintoo; ibiiblent 
manere tres fratres faccrdotcs." (Rot. 5 Hen, III.) 

In Burton's time it was the inheritance of Robert Pefliall, £fq. 
and now belongs to Bofville, Efq.* 

At thediflance of 4 miles from Marklield, on the left, we pals 
by Huglefcote, a (inall village, in the Hundred of Sparkenboe. 

King Henry UI, in 13 year of his reign, gave liberty of free 
warren here to Hugh 1e Defpencen After wbofe attainder. King 
£dw« III. in loth of his reign, granted it to Henry, Lord Beau* 
mont ; and after his attainder, £dw. IV, granted this Manor to 
William, Lord HaAings. A Mr. Burgefs has codfiderable lands 
here now. This village is in the parifh of Ibftoke, and has a 
chapel annexed to it. 7 he patrons formerly were the heirs of 
Henry de Burton. The prefent Patron is the Bi(hop of Rochefter. 
The prefent incumbent is Mr. Madan, Re£tor of St* Philip, Bir* 
mingham, and Prebendary of Sawley, in the church of Lichfield, 
which is annexed to it. The country is confined and bad, ^d 
the road^iu tolerable. 

* Ullercroft in Com. Leie. ' 

Pacrone 5; H. 3. 1x70. 

Juratores dicunt, quod Here<!es Roger! de Quioci quondam Comitis de 
IVinton (viz. Marvareta, uxor Guliclmi de Ferrariis, Comitit Dtrbf 
J^Jiaabecha, uxor Alexandri Cumyn, Comitis de Boughan, & £]a, relida 
iVlaut De laZouch) funt Advocate Abbachie de Wulvcfcroft. 

£fch.55H. J. No. 36. Leicefter. 

De Advocaco. 

Juratores dirunt, quod Henricus de Ferrariis obiit (eiiitus de Advocatione 
Prioracus de Ullefcroft, in Com. Leic. que valec XX Marc. 

Efc. 17 E. 3. 1343. No. 57. Leic, FeekU Nbnofi. ui fupra. 

Ulvetcrofte Prioratus Ord. S. Aug. 

"Rogerus Quvncyi Comes Winconix Fuadator primus x moder^tts, 
Maiehio Dor(eic. Dug. Moa. il. p. 361. 


Tour thro* the Midland Countuf: 9 1 

CIoTe to this is DooDingtoD^fi the heath, (not CaQle Donning* 
ton.) In the time of Edw. J» Hugh le Defpencer was Lord of 
this hamlet* In 20th Edw. Ill, Alice de Beaumont, and Robert 
Hcrl, held land here of the Honor of Chefter. King Edw. IV, 
JO ift of his reign, gave this hamlet to ^ir Wm. Haftings, Kt« 
after Lord Haftings. It is in the parlfh of Ibftoke, and had alfo a 
chapel of eafe^ now dilapidated. 

Snibfton, which we fte from hence, has been noticed in \'ol. I, 

P- 5 '9' 

From hence it became more enclofed, and about 2} miles far- 
ther, after afcending an heavy Tandy hill, we approached the 
village of Raunfton. 

Rauadon, (anciently Ravenefton) is in the Hundred of Weft- 
Gofcoce. This manor is mofl of it in the county of Derby, yet en* 
compalled with Leicefterfhire, as are many others thus encircled 
iQ various parts of the kingdom. In order to throw a little light 
upon this diiTerence, it may not be unprofitable to give an ab- 
ftrad of what Burton has here colleAed and remarked. 

Id an old treatife of the ancient laws of this land, called the 
Mirr$ur of Juftices, it appears that about the time of King Ar- 
thur, that renowned Britifli King, this realm was divided into 
Counties and Shires; and the chief officers of them are there 
named Cuftodis fiue frapofitt Comitatus, afterwards called by the 
Saxons Shiremen and Mreeves. After the Heptarchy was ex* 
tin£V, and the Weft Saxon icings (having vanquifhed all the reH) 
had fettled a monarchy, that valiant and learned K. Alfred, who 
besan his reign Anno Dom. 872, greatly reformed that firft di* 
vinon which was made of the Shires. For whereas many in- 
croachments had been made, many bounds and meers obfcured, 
and taken away, he rectified them again ; making an exaA, plain, 
and diftluA partition of each ; taking advantage of ail natural ri- 
vers, hills, rocks, woods, and marfhes ; and in fome parts with 
artificial boundaries, which were almoft performed throughout the 
realm, by an exaA furvey. Yet not with iUnding fuch regulations, 
fome Manors continued fcparate, which, in the Saxons time, when 
fome SherifTs were hereditary, fome Officiaries, and bad jurifdid^ioa 
over the counties, either by compoiition or grant, were made fub- 
jeft to another SherilTs authority ; and fo by time were incorpo- 
rated to the body of the other county, tho* in faA, they were no 
part thereof, but belonged to that county, within whofe bounds 
thofe manors were iituate* Or they may be thus accounted for 
during the Saxon Hepti^rchy, when continual incroachments an4 

N 2 jDvafions 

93 Tour thro" the Midland Countiet. 

iDvafioDs ivere made by thofe fevea kings upon their Deighbourf, 
thfat ihcfe lands were wrongfully feizedi yet being once ufuqjodi, 
they retained the poiTeflion and incorporated cheoi with the next 
county of theirs, to which they were adjacent. 

In 4th Edw. Ill, Lord Boteler of Wemm held lands here. 
The manor, with the advowfon of the churchy was granted by 
the fame King in the loih of his reign, to Henry, Lord Beau- 
mont, and came afterwards to the Abbey of Gerendon ; and after 
the Dinfolution was granted by Henry V\U^ to Thomas Manners, 
Earl of Rutland, who, in 33d of that King's reign, aiteoed this 
manor to Henry Digby of Tickencote, in Rutlandftiirc, Gent. 
It afterwards belonged to the Wilkins's, and from them came by 
purchafe about 60 years fince to Leonard Folbrooke, lifq. who 
built a large fquare houfe of brick and ftone, fronting the road, 
where be fometime redded. At his death it came to his fon, 
Leonard Foibrooke, Efq. theprefent poffeflor, who married — 
daughter of Winflanley, Efq. ofBraunllon. Mr. Fof- 

brook has not reiided h^re fome years. The houfe is now inha- 
bited by Wm. Godolphin BurOem, Efq. who is defcended thro' a 
female from the ancient family of Godolphin. A Mr. Crefwell 
has alfo confiderable property in this parifh, and has lately creeled 
a good houfe by the road Ade. There is alfo near the church a 
good building for an hofpitai for poor widows, founded by - * - 
Wilkins. They are very amply provided for^ and have a Chapel 
and Chaplain, for whom an houfe is provided in one wing of the 
building. The chapel occupies the other wing. The Rev. Mr. 
Thomas is the prefent Chaplain. 

In the church is a pompous monument for the father and mo^ 
ther of Sir Jofeph Mawbey, who was born here in 1730. His 
grandfather Erafmus lived in this pari(h, and was buried here 
1733. ^^^ mother died in 1737, and his father in 1754. Sir 
Jofeph would do wifely to decline difcufTions of pedigree. 

From hence wefoon arrived at Afliby de-la-Zouch, of which 
a long account has already been given in our firfl volume. 

During fome flay we made in this neighbourhood, we vifited 
Cole-Orton, (about two miles eafl) fo called from the coal mines, 
which are abundantly fcattered here on the Moor. It is in the 
Hundred of Wefl Gofcote, and was anciently called Overton- 
Quatermcrfh, from the Lords thereof, who were named Quatcr- 
merfli. This Manor came afterwards to the family of Maare* 
ward, who bore, ** Azure, a tef% argent, between 3 cinquefoils, 
or>" wbofe heirefs general, Philippa, married in 5 Henry VI, 


Tmt thro* tbi Midland Counties. 93 

Sir Thomas Beaumont, Knt fecoad foa of Joho, Lord Beau* 
itosC) Koight of the Garter. 

From h'lin defcended Nicholas Beaumont Efq. M. P. for the 
County of Leicefier, 14 Elizabeth, whofe younger fon Sir Tbo* 
mas was fettled at Stoughton Grange, and was anoeAor to the 
prefent 8ir George Bean moat, Bart. 

But Sir Henry Beaumont, of Cole-Orton, Knt. his etdeft fon 
Md heir has an handfome monument in this church« It is ao 
^Itar-tomb with the, figures of Sir Henry and his wife rccumfoent, 
under a Grecian Arch, and has the following infcriptton. 


DIED, THE 31ft OF MARCH, A. D. 1607, AND THE 
ANNO 1608. 

Over Htyt arch thefe arms. 

Quarterly of ic. i. Beaumont, 2. Kevelioc, 3. Quindc, 
4 Bcllomont, 5. Grentmenil, 5. B. a lion rampant crown'd, A. 
o. Scotland, 7. Kevelioc, 8. Lupus, 9. G. a lion ramp. 10. 
Quatermarfh, 11. Clarke; viz. a bend charg'd with 3 fwans 
int. 3 pellets. 

On the fide of the tomb^ 

A figure kneeling with thcfe arms ; 

Vi^. Bioummt with its quarterings ioipaling SapcotL 

On each iide Beaumont impaling G. a chevr. engrailedint. 3 
birds A. 

Near this is an hatchment, Beaumont impaling G. a bend O. 
a cioquefotl a. 

Sir Henry's only fon Sir Thomas, was firft created a B.irt. 
1619, and then in \(ii% a Vifcount of Ireland, by the title 
of Vifcount Beaumont of Swords. He and his fon Sapcott, and 
grandfon Thomas, fucceffively Vifcounts Beaumont were exceed- 
ingly.loyal to Charles I, and great Sufferers in his caufe. Tra- 
dition fays that Cromwell made this houfe at Cole-Orton his head 


94 T$ur thr0* tie MUUmd Cmniiisl 

qaariers, durbg the attack of the Caftle of Afhby de La Zonche. 
Thomas, thelaft Vifcouotdied ijoi, and was iotcrred in this 
church) but without any memorial. He devifed this and other 
dSates to his coufin Sir George Beaumont, of Stoughton Grange, 
Bart, who was M. P. in tsfenl Parliaments for Leicefler, and 
died 1737* He b faid to have been the laft who refidcd at 
Coli^Orian. His brother, who fucceeded hun, furvived but one 
year, and then the Baronetage and eftate at Cole*Orton went 
to Sir George, of Dunmow, in Eilex, great grandfon of the firft 
Bart, of Stoughton, father of Sir Geoige, the piefent owner. 

The park is gone, the trees are cut down ; only a fragment of 
the boufe remains, which is of ftone, and gives no ideas of for- 
mer magnificence. Dirty Coai-Mioes furround it. Mr. Boiilt- 
bee, formerly a fteward of the family, fioce dead. Inhabited this 
boufe in Auguft, 1789, being then above 90 years old, very 
weU-lookiog, and in perfeA enjoyment of his Acuities. 

The natural iituation of this place is very fine, being very 
elevated, and commanding a circle of country every way, to the 
hills of Bradgate and Charley-Foreft, to Grace-Dieu, Caftle- 
Dunnington, and Staunton-Harold. 

The taper fpire of the church emerging from trees (for a few 
trees do remain in the village, tho' they are gone from the park,) 
is a beautiful objeft to the circumjacent country. 

The eftate and advowfon of this parifh, which almoft all be- 
long to Sir George Beaumont, are faid to be worth about ^^.1500 
a year. 

The church is handfome without, but mean and fliabby with- 
Id. Here are no other monuments than the one before-mention- 

The Rev, Francis Harris is Reftor and rcfides here. 

Burton fays, that in the reign of Henry VlII. the Coal-Mines 
here (as be heard reported) burnt for many years together and 
could not be quenched, till that fulpburious and brimftony mat- 
ter, whereupon it was wrought, was utterly exhaufted and con* 
iumed* The like fire in coal-mines is at prefent, continues he^ 
burning near Willingefworth and Weddelbury, Co. Stafford. 

( To be continued ) 

Art, V. 

Cburcb N§iis in Sgvirif, Limobtflnn. 9^ 

Art. V. Church Notes in SiVirby, Lincolnjbire, from Gervafi 
HolUsU MS. as befon. 

In boreali Feneftra. 

The piAures of a maD, aad his wife in very orient coloun : 
flic in a garment of blew, buttoned downe beJFprc, a gorget o£ 
white about her necke, a tippet comming downe dcher fide hit 
head, having about hir temples a chaplet, her bandes elevated^ 
having gloves on them, which are buttoned above. 

He in a red gaberdine^ his gorget blew, the foreparts of hit 
garments white, the hayre of his head flied in the middeft, and 
hanging downe on either fide. 

Priizpur Gijfray de Tborefljf it pur Jobanm fa feme. 

Argent 3 Martlets Sable. 

Sa. a Chevron betweene 3 efloyles of 6 poiotes arg. On the 
Chevron a Crofle Botony fitchy. Thorefl}y. 

A moft curious lively peice of the Virgin Mary, as mourning, 
hir armes acroflfe with hir head bowing downe, and countenance 
dejeAed ; hir inner garment before red, and hir fleaves oi the 
fame colour having about hir a blew mande curioufly imbroid* 

In alia Feneftra. 

St. Juliana having In hir handes the legges of a kite, or th* 
like, the reft of the body of him being hid by hir garment, wbic^ 
is of yellow colour curioufly fimbriated. 

In the other pane St. Peter holding a church in his right 
hande, in the other two keyes, his inner garment yellow em- 
broidered, the outward Curioufly wrought. 

In alia Feneftra. 

----!-D6 0!>O0f)EY 

In this window is the ftory depi£bed of the killing of Thomas 
fieckei. The piAures of tour armed meu with fwordes, he 
kneeling and holding up his handes, having a garland about his 
bead; above- an angell having a crofTc aolslet fitchy oiottnud 
above his forehead. 


pfr JMbf'Md Geniry of ITiltfiHre^ ifc. 

In another pane a pilgrime, having on his head a clo(e ble^ 
bonnet,' upon which an efcaltop, h{s hayrc yeIloi«r, longe lockcs, 
and beard fpread, with a (hort coate to the elbowes, fomethiDg 
dofe, having depifled upon in feverall places flames of fire, hold- 
ing in his right hande a pilgtime ftaflfe; he hath upon him two 
coates, or garments, the outward one (horter than the inmofl, 
bare-fooie, having by his fide a bagge, or fcrip, on which is 
jift ^a)top, above, and another below^ holding in his left hande 
a bdcke ddfped. 

• la the'ifriadle pane the pifture of a woman, whofe inner gar- 
bmA^ is yeUow, having about hir a white mantle (clofed*^ before 
with a button) curioudy fimbriated, hir right hande exteadcd* 
kip left wilhm Wr garpient, hir hayre yellow. 

In auftrali Fencftra. 

On the top a roundle of orient pnrpure; 

ArT. VL Nobles and Gentry of J^tltjhire, in the time of 
... Henry VI I. 

From a MS. in the Cotton Library* ' 

'' Till a county hiftory can be given, perhaps nothing fo compre- 
fienfive can be offered in a fmall compafs, as lids like thefe (wirli 
hiftorical notes) of the leading Nobles and Gentry, at a period 
neither too early, nor too^late,' which will contain all who have a 
mpderate claim to antiquity, and yet begin ere the old families of 
long ftaodmg have expired. 

I. The Lord Brooke, Steward of the King's Houfehold. 

IL The Lord St. Anxand. 

III. Sir John Chcyne. 

IV. Sir Walter Hurigerford. 

V. Sir Roger Tocottys. 

VI. Sir George (or Akxander) Darell. Quarterly i. B. lion 
ramp. O. arm*d and crown'd A. 2. A. 2 gemellcs, in chief 
2 lionceuls, G. 

Sir Edward Darell, 

Vlf. Sir Thomas Mylburn, G. on a chcv. 3 efcallops A. s 
aofie fer de molyn t. pierc'd of the field. 

Sir Chriftopher Wroughton, A. on a chev. G. 3 borc$ 
heddes S. coupes. See No. ■ 
John Wroughion, the father. 

VHI. Joha 

M^/#/ ^ni Gentry oftVtkMn^ lit. 97 

Vltl. John ScyfDpur, krin. ^ chevrons, &• a labell of - — * 

|>oyhtes B. 

IX. John Moopelshoo, A. afiodS. armeaG.; ' -- 

*Xv &lward Sd-oygh>rt, Efm/'th^vroii, B« thereon 3 halt^ 


XL John Rogci-s. 

Codftantyae Darelh S* Na VI 

XII. Walter Bonbam, G. cbev. unde between 3 crofleletes 
formes fitches A. 

XIII. Richard Wamefolrd^ A* and B» per fcfle embactdcd 6 
croflelets countercoule^d. 

XI V. Ferei of Blounfdoo. 

XV. .Walron. 

XVI. Wartn. 

XVII. Whiitocfand. . , 

XVIII. Badcett. , 

XIX. Stradlittgc . . .^ .' * . . ' ^ 

XX. Hampton, of Salifbuij^r . . 
XXL Hales, of Sali(biii7. ^.H / J • 

XXIL Caftlecombe DaDftanyil)» %f a .nrette ;wd ctntoa Ov^ 10 
the canton a lyon paiT. O. arm^ B.' % bordnre engntyled S. . 
XXllLSwaync/ • ' 

XXIV. Mychcll. ' _..,// .. ^ '. 

XX V. Owyn, or OAwjrn^ "•'• ".. .' 

XXVI. Stoon, of HywortHci 

XXVII. Borow.. , :,^^. 

XXVIII. Chaterton. . !♦* . : 

XXIX. John Brattoo. A» a feflji cngreyled between 3 mnllctf % 

XXX. Lodlow. . • '^ 'i 
XXXL Edmond Mody. 

XXXII. Thomas a Lawdcr. 

XXXIIL John Wrythedey alias Garter Roy r4e Armes ^ci 
Angoyls. B. a crofs between 4 coluooibes A. member'd G. To his 
creft, a Bogles bed S. gomty and crowned 0, en a wreath O. 
and B. doubled Erm. this word, tiumbU and SirvifabU. ) 

XXXIV. Thomas Callton, A. tu^geipcllcs, in chiefaljoos 
G. A fon tymbre ; une bras arme tenant one elbc d'argtat gamy 
d'or affiz en tine coronell d'or mantell^ G. double Erm. 

XXXV. The Lord of Chelton, A. a chevron G. 

XXXVI. Thomas Chelkry, A. a hendcowAde efootifed G* 
the fecond quarter, A. 3 compatTe Or roondlet'ts one within aa 
other G. To his creaft a Popinjay fctt in his wreatbf « 

o - xxxvn. 

9^ U^titjhire, Jujices ofPeMCvl 

XXXVir. JodnLee, ofWhight, A achicf batdleeeadentwl 

S. OD the chief 3 pliflef, 

.^Pf;;]|XVIIL Tropenelly Erm.. aqd Erm. party per cbevf. a 

cnevr. Between 3 leapordes heddes couDtercouler'd. 
XXXIX. Sir John BeyDton, 9.. a bend Lozeogy A* 
XL- Thomas Rafleil, Q. jtend S. ihercon i fwafmcs A^ 

'^'"'''' ' ' miifinre. 

dlwL t J^rdtsfftbe Piace, 1576. ' 

XLL Henrtcas Comes PembnJbke- ' 

XLII* Edwardus Ck>ines Hertford* 

XLIII. Johanoes Epifcopas Sanim* 

XLIV. Georgius DomiQus Audley, ' , . 

XLv. JohaDDes Dominaa Stourton, ^ 

XlvI. Willielmus Dommus Saodcs. ;" 

XlvIL Egidiua Dominus ClMdoi. . , * '* . * 

XLVIII. Henricus NcvilL Mjlta. 
-'3lSa^ ->ftanftfe'Z6uA,<M^ 

L. ^ ^ .IfidrtdW'Kht^tf,' Mite: ' 

Walterus Hungerford, Miles. SeeN^r IV. 

LL Henricus AAley, Miles. 

LTI. Johannes Youge, Miles.: 

LIU. Jacobus Marryoy Mfles-' ' 

Edwardtis l^yoton, Miles. See Ma XLIfl^^ 

LlVr .Johannes Danvers^ Miles. 
**tV.' •. TM!i1iiWroii^tbn,'Mfles- 

LVf MatheusArrondelI» Miles. 

LVIL Williclmos Knolis. 

LVII. . B^ichardus KiDgfmiH, Attorney, &Ct 
«=^>!|t^.^- -thbttas Gordf. ' ' 
'A^ff- Johatinfcs thymic. ' ^ - 
•^tXI. \ Wiyielmn^ Button. 

LXIf.' miWolau^St. john^ 
•'XXIII.:' I6bann<is Eyr*. 
\ i ^'' ; • t^altertls Hungcrford. 9<te Nb. IT. 

LXIV. ^BdrtfttJlbmeasHorfdy. 
. hXV.^ Efeidius Efconrt. 
-XXVi.- WlffiamtisDanfell. - 


LXVII. Egidiuf Thiftlcwaight., 
JLXVIII. JobaoDes Peoruddock, 

AnthoQHis Hungcrlbrd. See No. I7» 
LXK. Johaoiies SnelU 

Richardus Mody^ See No. XXXV. 
LXX. Thomas Walton. 
LXXL Jafperus Moone« 
LXXTI. Williclmus Huflcy. 
LXXIIL Chriftopherus Doddmgton« 
LXXIV, Willielmus Rcade. 

Edvvardus Ludlowe. See No. XXX. 

Johannes Warncford.* See No. XIII. 

Hijlorical and Genealogical Notes to the above Lifts. 

I.^ Sir Thomas Willoughby, fccond fon of Robert, Lord Wil- 
loughby, of Ere(by, married Elizabeth lifter and heir to John,' 
Lord Latimer, and had ifTue 

Sir John Willoughby, Knt. who by Joane, daughter and heir 
of Welby, had 

Sir John Willoughby, Knt. who by Anoe, daughter and heir 
of Sir EdriHind Cheney, of Brooke^ and Alice his wife, daughter 
and heir of Sir Humphrey Stafford, of Hooke, had 

I, Sir Robert Willoughby, Lord Brooke; 2. Elizabeth, wife 
of William Carrant, of Lumber, Co. Somerfct, Efq; J. Sir 
William; 4. Richard, of Silton, Co. Dorfet; 5. Edward, Dean 
of Exeter. Sir William third fon was of Turner's Pidle, Co. 
Dorfet, and left lHue a hofiard fon, 

Chriftopher Willoughby,. of Knoyle Odierne, Co, Wilts, who . 
by Ifabel, 'daughter of Nicholas Wyket, of Dodington, COi 
Gloucefter. Efq. had 

!• Henry; 2. William; 3. John, of Baverflock, Co. Wilts, 
(who had 1. Nicholas; 2. Thomas ( 3. Roger, of Littleton, in 
the parifh of BMhops Lavington, whofe daughter Elizabeth was 

5Bt. 4, 1623.) Henry, firft fon, of Konyle, Cor Wilts, by 

Jane, daughter of Dancy, of Lavington, had 

William Willoughby, of Knoyle, foa and heirUvlng 1623, &c. 
who by Elinor, daughter of Hugh Barnfield, of Cadbery, Co. 
Somerfet, had Chrifiopher Willoughby fon and heir, act. 29, 

* This lift i$ taken from the back of a MS. map of Wi4t(hire, among 
a folio Colic AioD of MSS. mapt in the Britih Mufcum* 

O 2 x6^3; 

Hifimcal and Gimabgical Notes i9 the ahove Zijlf» 
1623; 2. Barnficld, ^t. 13; 3. Henry, aet. i^; 4, Jane, wife 
of Henry Butler, of Hanley, Co. Dorfet. 
Arms. $• a crofs engrailed O. Uffbrd. quartering G* i, crofi 
oioline A. all within a bordune gobone A* and G. — Creft, as the 
Lords Willoughby. 

To return to Sir Robert^ afterwards Lord Brooke. — He mar- 
ried Blanche, one of the daughters zxH heirs^of Robert Champer- 
Don, Efq. and was a ftout adherent of Hen. VII, againft Richard 
III, upon whofe acceffion to the throne, he was advanced to the 
dignity of a Baron of this realm, by the title of Lord Brooke^ by 
reafonof his refideuce at Brooke^ (near Wefiburyy) in this county, 
fo called from the little torrent running there. His teflament 
bears date 1502, (17 Hen* VII,) and he died foon after. 

Robert, hii foti and heir, fuccecded as 2d Lord Brooke, and 
married ift, Elizabeth, eldeft ofithe three daughters and coheirs 
to Sir Richard Beauchamp, of Powici, Co. Wore, and AUefter^ 
Co. Warwick, Kt. in whofe right he poflefled the manor of 
Akefter^ within which (be principal manor is called Beauchamp*s 
Court. By this wife he had iOne a fon and heir Edward. By 
bb 2d wife Dorothy, daughter of Thomas Grey, Marquis of 
Dorfet, he had two fops, Henry aqd William, who died of the 
fweating ficknefs, and two daughters, Elizabeth married to John 
Powlett, Marquis of Winchc(ler, and Anne to Charles B16unt, 
Lord Montjoy. He died by a peAilential air, Nov. iq, 13 HeQ« 
VIII, his fon and heir (by his fird wife) Edward having died be- 
fore him, leaving iflTue 3 dai^ghters, cobeirs to their grat^dfatber. 

L Elizabeth, wife of Fulk Grevill, a younger fon to Sir Ed- 
ward Grevill, of Milcote, Co, Warw. Kt, 

IL Anne died a maid. III. Blanch married Sir Francis Dau^ 
trey, Kt. but died S. P. 

The heir general of Grevile marrying into the family of Verney, 
of Compton-Murdack, Co. 1Varw. carried the old Barony into 
that ancient family, whofe defcendant of the male line now enjoys 
the Barony of Wilioughby de Broke, by a folemn adjudication by 
the Houfe of Lords in their fiivor, at the end of the lall century. 
Another Barony was alfo limited by patent to the male line of the 
Greviles, which is enjoyed by the prefent Earl of Warwick.* 

IL Of the Beaucliamps Lords St. Amand, in right of a m^r* 
riage with the heirels oi a noble family of that name, an account 

* CpnfttU Dugd. Bui:. IL p. 87, and che modern Peerage. 


Hijhrical and GenedUgtcal Notes to the above Lijh. tot 
vAVL be given under the hiflory of the Baintons dcfcended from the 
beirefs. . 

III. Cbeyney family. Whether thefe were thofe of Brodkc 
before-mentioned, or a branch of thofe in Kent which had eftates 
in this connty, I am nq^ informed. 

IV • The hiftory of the noble fimily of Hnngerford, which has 
been of great confequence, as well as ver^ numerous in this coun* 
ty, from early times, is too large to be admitted here. It requires 
at leaft a feparate article, Which as it involves fo much matter 
regarding this county, it well deferves. 

V. Sir Roger Tocottys was Sheriff twice at leaft m the reign of 
Henry VII. 

VL William Dardl of Sefay in Torklhire, bad iflue, i. Mar- 
maduke. &• William of Litclecott, Co* Wilts. 3. John Dar<* 
rell of Calehill, Knt. (anceftor to thofe now remaining there)! 

William Darell of Littlecoct, was Sheriff of this County 8 Heo; 
V, and again i and 6th of Hen. VI* By Eliz. daughter and fole 
heir of 1 homas Cal/tone, Of Littlecott, he had iffqe (befides Sir 
Richard, ad Tod, who married Margaret, Countefs of Staffordt. 
daughter of Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerfet, and a daughter 
Florence married to Thomas Bruges, Efq. of Coberley Co* Glouc. 
Grandfather of John, firft Lord Chandos,) 

Sir George Darell of Littlecott, who was Sheriff 33 Hen. Vl, 
and again i, 5, aod 9th of Edw. IV, and by his ift wife, Mar- 

f^ret, daughter of Sir John Stourton, Lord Stounon, had iffue 
:liz. wife of Sir John Seymour, grandmother to Edward, Duke 
of Somerfet ; and by his ad wife Eliz. daughter of Sir Edmond 
Hart, of Kent, had 

Sir Edward Darrell of Littlecott, Sheriff 5 and 13th of Heo. 
Vll, Vice Chamber lain. to Q:, Catherine, who had three wi?es, 
!• Alice, daughter to Sir Richard Crofts, Kt. a. Mary, daughter 
to John, Lord Fitzwaier, who died S. P. 3. Alice, daughter 
to Fly of Suffex, by whom he bad Katherine, wife of Francis 
Choke, who died S P. but by his ift wife he had 

John Darrell, flain at Arde in Picardy, who by Jane, daughter 
to John Fettiplace, of Slifibrd, had 

Sir Edward Darrell of Litclecott, Kt. Sheriff i and iithofHetl. 
Vl,who by Alice, daughter to Sir Thomas Eflex, oi Barkfhire, had 

William Darrell oF Littlecott, who died S. P. T590, Thomas 
and Elinor .••• 

Cooftantine Darrell was Sheriff 6 and i ith of Hen. VIL 

t Littlecott foon after thisptlled to the Pophsmt, to wlwm ic ftill belongs* 


ipZ I^/hrkaJ^md GsMtaigidBl Notes U thg ahvi L^. " 
VII. TbenaneofMilboraisDotia Vif. 1565^ 16239 ooriai 

the Lift of Sheriifs. 

IX* There £eein to have been two prmdpal bniDches of the 
(amiij of Moropeflbo io this County. 

I. Robert MompeiTon of Bathaotoo-Wely, whofe graodfoo. 
Drew MompeiToOi of Segre, Co. Wilts, was grajodfather of Edward 
MompefloDy who married Margaret, daughter to the Lord Zooch, 
and died S. P. His uocle, Richard Mompeflbn, of Bradley, was 
grandfather of i. John Mompeflbn, of Sarum. a* Vincent Mon-; 
peflbn, whofe grandfon Jafper was act. 40, 1623, 3. Edward^ 
whofe graadfon Chriftopher was act. 12, 1623. 4. Williani 
Mopeiroom, of Maiden Bradley, who bad four fons, &c. 

II. Thomas Mompeflbn of Gorton^ Co, Wilts, whofe gi:eat 
grandfon Thomas, ofCorton. Efq. act. 38, 1C72, had ilTnebp 
Diaoa, daughter of Sir Hugh Windham, cf Pilidowne, Co« So* 
inerfet, Bart. 5 daughters. His brother Henry was of Batcombe, 
Co. Somcrfct, and act. 36, 1672. 

Arms. A« lion rampt. S* cbirg'd on his flioikldcr with a hoar's 
))ead erafed O* 

John MompeiTon was Sheriff of this Coaoty, % Edw, IV« 
Another John, 24 Hen. ViL and Edward MompeiOTon 32 H^* 

X. I donot find this name, but Henry ShirringUn^ of Sberringrpn, 
Co. Norf. £(q. was great grandfather of Sir William SherringtoOy 
of Lacock, Co, Wilts, whofe 3d brother Sir Henry Sherringtoi^ 
ofLacock, kft ilTue Olive, his 3d daughter and coheir, wi£e.Qt 
John Talbot of Salwarpe, Co. Worccftcr. 

" Sir Henry,** fays Fuller, (in his Worthies, p. 159) ** was 
a right godl; Knight, and great frieod toBifliop Jewel, who died 
in his houfe at Jjicodt. He difluaded the Bi(hop from preaching 
that day by reafon of his great weaknefs, affirming it better for ^ 
private congngatim to want a fermon em day, than for the Churtb 
of EngUtnd to lofe fnch a light for ever. But he could not pre- 
vail, the BHliop being rcfolved to expire in bis calling,''^ . 

The Talbots by this match pofTefTcd Lacock, and were an- 
ceftors of Earl Talboty and of Sir John Talbot, of Lacock, Kt. 
whofe daughter and heir marrying Sir John Ivory^ was mother of 
John Ivory Talbot, whofe fen, John Talbor, of Lacoci, was M, P. 
for Marlborough, 1747. 

XI. Thomas Rogers of Bradford, Co. Wilts, was father of Wil- 
lian) Rogers of Bradford, and John Rogers of Keat, whofe grand- 
foui John Rogers, of Sutton Valence, was great grandfather of 


Hijloricaland Gemalogtcal Nhtes to the ah^e Lifts. ^ 105 
Chriftopher Rogers, of the fame place^ who married EKzabeibpr 
slaughter of Thomas Willoughby^ of Bore Place, Efq. 

Wtlliaai, of Bradfordi was. gri^ndfather of Anthooy, of Brad- 
ford, whofe daughter and heir Dorothy, married Joha Hall, (bo 
aod heir of Thomas Hall of Bradford. ^ 

Arms. A. a chevr. int. 3 (lags tripping S. 

Xri. Thomas BoDham was Sheriff 19 Rich. II, and 12 Hen. IV« 
Walter Bonham, 16 Edw. IV/ William Bonham, 6Hea.VlI^ 
John Boftham, 3 Edw. VI. I 'do not fiod ihem in the Vifitatio» 

XllL Iticbard Waroeford of SeveohanptOD, Ef<}» was great 
grandfather of Richard, wbofe grandfon John was grandfather of 
Thomas Warne^ord, of Sevenhampton, Efq. whofe Ton Edmonjl 
was zt. 16, 162^. 

Arras, Per fefle embattled A. and S. 6 crofsleta counfeerchangcd. 

This ancient family are ftill Uving at Sevenhampton. — In % 
(hapel in Higbmrtb Church, their burying place, are feveral nae** 
morials of them^ ancient and modem. 
/ XfV. John Feiris, Efq. was SherifFsS Hen. VI. 

John Ferrys of Blounfdon was father of John Ferris of. the 
fame, wbofe fi)n» George Ferrys of Aihtoii Xeynes, had iflue by 
Ann, daughter to Richard Cole, Edward, George^ Anthony ana 

Ferrers of Blunfdon was attainted, as a partaan of Rfcbard Ili^ 
•t the acccflion of Henry Vil, and this OMnoc granted lo Giles 
riridges, Efq. father of John, Lord Chandos, from which ttmc 
that family ^lade it their oc(;afional relldence. Sec Top. Vol. 1 

JP- 47- 

XV. I find this name, very ancient in this County. . Adam Wal- 
rand was SHerii9r5 and 6 and 17 Edward H, and i Cldward UI. 

Ingelram Walrond was returned among the gentry temp. Hcnrj 
VI. Williani Walrond^ of 'Alborne was graadfarber of Ttiomas 
Walrond of the fame, and Edward Walrond of ]t'ain(bury, Xbe 
former had iffue (1623) Geoi^e, Thomas, and Roger. - 
\ XVI. XVII. i find neither Warren nor WMuockfand in the Lid 
ot Sheriffs^ or Vifitation Book. Richard VVfrren was return^jl 
among the gentry temp. Hqnry VI. > 

, XVIIL John Baflcet, Efq. was SherifFaa flcnry VI. See a dif- 
penfatioB granted to him from the Court of Rome in Fuller's 
Worthies, Wilts, p. 163* Arois. B. a. gbevr* Ena. inl. 3 
kMsrdf heads O. 

t04, tliJlorUdl and GemakgicalNotiS to tht above IJ/ifg 

ilX. Edward Stradliog, of Daotefey, Efq. was Sheriff $f . 
Henry* VI* Arms. Paly of 6. A. and B. on a bend G. 3 cia-* 
qpefbils 0* 

XX* XXL Neither HamptoD, nor Hales are to be found 
either in the Yintation-books, or Lifts of hberifF:;. 

XXII Camden fays, " at Caftlecombc' there is ah old caffle, 
cnobled fometime by the Lords of it^ the JValters d Dunftavill^ 
foen of great renown in their time, otit of whofe houfe the 
WrtotbeJUjs Earls of Southampton are defcended. Petromtla or 
Parmll, daughter and fde heir of the laft Walter^ was wedded 
to Robert de Montfort, and bare unto him WtUiam his fon» 
wbo (old this ca(He with the reft of his lands and pofleffions unto 
' Bartholomew Badlefmere^ from whom it pafled to the Srcopes, 
who ever fince have held it."* 

XXill. Of Swayne^ I can find nothing. 

XXlV. r find Robdrt Onwyn returned among the gentry in the 
time of Henry VI. 

' •William Michell, of Aldcrborne, in right of his wife Mar* 
garet, daughter . and heir of William Shagley of that j^ace^ 
wu father of Jolio, of Calftone, whofe great grand-iba John, 
of'Calftone, living 1623. f Arms. A. a chevr. purp. int. 4 
boars heads coup*d,'each having a crofslet fitchy in die mouthy 
5 in chief, and 3 ia^bafe. 

XXIV. *' William Ludlow, of Hill Deverell, was great graod* 
father of William of the fame, whofe foo George by Alice* 
daughter of Andrew Lord Windfor, was father Si Edmund/* 
Sheriff 28 Elizabeth ; the fame 1 prefume who was father of Col- 
Edmund Ludlow, the famous Parliamentarian, who was bom 10 
the pari(h of Maiden Bradley 1620, and died 1693. 

Henry Ludlow, of HIU Deverell, was Sheriff 9 Charles L 

Arms. A. a chevron int. 3 bears heads erafed S. quartering 

Rimer, BuU(r<>de, and Moore, (of Wifliford, in Hants*) 

" XXV. XXVl, Of Stoon, Borow, or Bratton, I can find nothing. 

!KXVII. George Cbaderton was Sheriff i a Henry Vll. 

XXVIIC. Geffrey Moody, of Moody's Place, Co. Worceftcr, 

'%as grand-father of Edmood Moody, of Weftport, Co. Wilu, 

whofe firft fod Richard, of Weftport, was father of John, of 

Weftport, and whofe fecond fon Richard, of Garfdon, was She- 

xUr 29 Elizabeth, and tJAtber of Richard of the fame place, and 

• And ftill hold it, I79e.«-fid^/9r. 

f See lUi account ot Mr. MichcU Uoder^Shtriff to Sir Anthony HuBgtt- 
f^tiilithcsci|(i^of QiStaMaxy, 155S. Main. Brit. VL p. i6s, 


Hf/l0r*dtt ami Gemahgtcal Notes to fhi alove VJts. X05 

Ita^ i pftteoe of itrfhs granted him by Cooke, 15739 Yiz« < a Sefle 
G. int. 2 cotifes eDgrailed between ^ owls A. 

Sir Henry Moody, bfGarerdon, Knt. was Sheriff 16 James T. 
and created a Bart. March ii, i62t. 

•XXXIL Of Xawder I find nothing. 

XXXIII. Writhefly Was ancestor to the Earls of Soothamptoo^ 
which tiite became «xtin6l in 1667. Of the laft great Earl £m 
'the charafAer in Lord Clarendon's Miftory, Vol. IL p. 20o. 

XXX} V. Thomas CaJfton was Sheriff 5 Henry V. 

XXXV. Query ? Is Cttlton, ChiltonFoliat, or perhaps Chitton* 

XXXVI. XXXVnr. of Chellerey, and Tropenell, 1 find nothing. 

XXXVII. Lea. May not thefe be the Leys of Tesfont, anceftorf 
to the Leys^ Earls of Marlborough ? bnt the arms difflr, 

X'XXfX. As no account of the earlier pan of the pedigree of 
^isancfent family is given in the Baronetage^, we give it s^t lepgth 
from the Vifitatidn Book. 

Thomas B^ynton married Beatrix, daughter of Ralph Bafle^ 
And had liRie 

John Baynton, who by Hcllin, daughter of Sir John Fitzellis, 
Knt. had 

Nicholas Baynton, who by Joane» daughter and coheir o^ Sir 
John Roche, of Co. Wilts, Knt. had 

Sir John Baynton, Knt. Sheriff 8 Henry IV. who jnarried 
Joafte, fifter and htir of John Dudley, and diughfer of Sfr Ricb- 
trd Dudley, Knt. by Elizabeth, daughter of Walter Beanchami^ 
(andcoufin* and heir of Richard Bcauchamp, Lord S^ Au- 

P mond«J 

^ Vic. Aunt. Her brother, , Richard Bcauchamp, was Biflipp of Sal if* 
1 ury, and her eldeft brother, WjlIiaiD, married EIiz* daughter and heir of 
Qcrrard Braybrooke, burial in the Church of Broitlham, (which GcrraM 
Braybrooke wai fon of Sir Gerrard Braybrookc* Kt* by Alienor, daughter 
and beir of Almerick de St. Aumond« temp. Rich. XL) 

Thefatd William Bcauchamp t>y his ceftament, l)earing date. J% March, 
J457, ( 1^ Hen. VI,) bequeathed his body to be buried in the Ciiapel of the 
C^hantry.of Si^le La^ington, Co. Wiks. He gave to xht SbribeofSt O/- 
ftiund^ atSali(burv, ten narks, and departed this life the 19th of the fame 
ttiontb of March, being then feized of the Manors of Hayfordf .Cp. ' Dor/, 
Ch^jngSoH, Co. Glouc. Wynterjlowe, Chetyng-Lavifigtont 6rtunkanh Stepkm 
AJbton^ Andervwt^ Woderove^ Wbaddont UnatbtweU^ BerewUk-^Afftti; and 
CkfiwortA, Co. Wilts { leaving Richard his foa and heir, four years of age, 
Elizabeth his wife furviviag. 

Which Rkhsrd^ in 8 Hen. VII, was in that expedition in aid of Maxi- 
milian tbe Rmperor a^ainft the Ptenchy and in 13 Hen. VII, one of the' 
weftern men of note then in arms, for fupprefling the infurre^ion of the 
CoTaiih«aai. made on the behalf of Fnldn Warheekm 


Ip6 tiift^rical and Geneabgtcal Notes to the ahavi Li/lt. ' 
mood,) which Walter was fecond fon of William, Lord Powid^ 
and married Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of Sir John Roche^ 
Kot. The faid Sir John Bayoton by the faid Jane had iflbe 
* Sir John Baynton, of Falibne, Co. Wihs, Knt. temp. Ed- 
ward IV. who by Jane, daughter of Sir William Ichiiighamt 
Knt. had 

Sir Robert Baynton, of Falftone, Knt. attainted 12 Edward 
tV« who by Elizabeth, danghter of Hart, of Kent, had 

John Saynton of Bromham, Co. Wilts, coufin and hfix of 
Richard Beauchamp, Lord St. Auoiond, reftored 19 Hen. Vir» 
Who byjane, daughter of Thomas Digges of Kent, Lfq. had 

Sir Edward Baynton of Bromham, Kt. SheriiF 13 Hen. Vllf^ 

,^ yhp had two wives, Eliz. daughter of Sir. John Sulyftrd, Kt. Lord 

t^hlef Jiiftice of the Common Pleas, and Eliz. daughter of Sir 

John Leigb of Stockwell, Co. Sorrey, Kt. By the firft he bad 

Andrew Baynton of Bromham, who by Philippa, daughter of 
\Vm Brulett, Embroiderer to K. Henry VIII, had a daughter 
and hdr Ann, wife to Annefley. Sir Edward, by his fecond 
Nvife, had Sir Edward Baynton of Rawdon, Co. Wilts. Sheriff 13 
Eliz. (heir male 10 his brother Andrew,) who by Agnes, daughter 
bf Griffith Rice, ofCarew Caftlc, Co: Pembr. Efq.^ who died 
Aug* I9» I574f bad liTue 

Sir Henry Baynton of Bromham, Kt. who by Lucie, daughter 
of Sir John i>an7er8 of Dantfee, Kt. had 

Sir Edward Baynton of Bromham, Anno 1623, Sheriff 15 
tharles I, who by Eliz. daughter of Sir Henry Maynard, rf 
Efton, Co. Eff. had 

I. Edward, set. 5, 1623. 2. Henry, act. 2. 3. Ann, set. i. 
So far the Vifitation book. The Baronetage adds that the laft 
mentioned Edward was made a Knight of the Bath at the Re- 
ftoration, and was father of Henry, who married a daughter and 
coheir of the famous John WUmot, Earl of Rochefler, by whom 
be had Anne, heir to her brother, and married to Edward Rolt, 
Efq. of Sacombe^Park, Co. Herif. whofe fecond fon, Edward, 

This Richard bv his tedamtnt, bearing date ta June, 1508, (13 Hen* 
VII,) bequeathed his body to be buried m the Black Friars Church, near 
Ludgates within the City of London \ and for wane of idue by Dame Antte 
his wife, thereby fettM dirers lordihips lying in the Counties of Wilu^ 
M$df, Berks, Huntingd, and Hereford^ upon his natural fon Anthony St. 
Amand, begotten on Mary Wroughton^ and on the heirs of his body. B^ 
the probate of which teftament it appears, that he dyed within a few days 
after ; for it bears date 8 Juiy next eofuiDg. 

Dogd.Bar. I. p. 15s. 

Monumntal Infcrlptkns en the fFarton Famify. 107 
adopted by his ande Bayntoo, has taken that name, and was cre- 
ated a Baronet Jul. 9» 1762, and has his ieat at Spyt fork, ad*- 
joining to Brumham, Co. Wilts. 

His eldeft fon. married one of the daughters of Lord Coventry, 
from whom he has been divorced^ 

Arms. !• S. a bend locengy A. a. A. 2 barsG. each charg*d 
^ith 3 crofslets O* 3. G« on a fefTe. 0« 3 martlets S» a bordure 
O. 4. B. 3 fi(h A* 5* G. 2 lions paflant Guardant A. coUar'd 
B. 6* A. a chevr. S* charg*d with 3 fpread eagles A. 

X'L. All I find of this name is, that Robert Ruflell was She- 
riff 22 Edw. HI. 

Thife Notes Jball be continued in our next Number ^ being longer 
than the nature of our work will allow us to infert in the prefent. 

Art. VII. Monumental Infcriptions on the Warton Family. 


In your firft volume, p. 274f you mention the father of the 
two celebrated Wartons ; perhaps the following epiuphs may 
Qot be unacceptable to your readers. 

Yours, &c.M.Gr£E)|* 

I. On a black marble flab, under the rails of the altar of 
Bafingftoke Church« 

n. S. £• 

Thomas Wharton, S. T. P. 

Natus apod Godalmin 

in agro Surrienfi, 

Socius Collegii B. Mal-ix Magdalenav, 

Foeticae Praleftor Publicus Oxonii, ' 

Hujus Ecclcfiae de Bafingftoke, 

Necnon Ecdefiae de Chobbam, 

In hoc etiam dioceii 

* Vicarius; 

tngenio« doflrina, probitate, pietate 


Obiit Sgpt ip. A, D. 174c, 

j£tatis fuae 58. 
Patri defideratiflf. Fili} M. P« 
' . ' Pi «. Oo 

iQg MmmalrfSir Wahir RaUgi^ Vc. 

a. On a flat ftcme io WincbefUr CoibcAEal. 

Sabcus fi^alta jacet 

Elizabetha Warton, 

Thome Wartoo, S'. T. B. Ecclefiafe de Bafingftok^ 

in hoc Com. Viduae. 

Obiit defideratiffima 

, die AptiWs ult. X 762, 

at. 70. 

3* On aoother flat ftone. 

H* S« E* 

Anna Warton, 

Jofephi & Mariae filia, 

Aono bea undecimo 

a parendbus abrepta, 

MarN 28» 


Art. Vm. MmoriaUfSir fTabir Mahigh, fit. 

I have fcDt you a drawing of Afbrrdge Abby, (which yoo men* 
tion in p. 4ga of your 8th' No.) to be engraved if agreeable to 
' you.* 

Are the two memorials of Thomas Inge^ p. 450, and Thomas 
Fag^9 453 of your firft Vol. rights or one of them wrong ?f 

If you think the following memorial of that ever to be la- 
mented man. Sir Weaker Kal^tgfai is worth your infertion, it is 
much at your fervice. 

On a Tablet in the Soilth Aile of St. Margafft'a Church; 

«* Within the wails of this church was depoCted the body of 
<' the great Sir Walt^ kaieigb, Kt on the day he was beheaded 
<' in the Old Palace Yard, Weftminiler, 0&. 18, Anno Dom. 
« i6i8.** 

* It ii particularly acceptable to ui, at»4 ihall be engraTcd next month. 
» . . Editor, 

t They are printed at tbfcy were in the Ma. which came from a Cor* 
Sefpondcnt. Editor. 

« Reader 

^ liaAex duMild yoa refleft od bis ecrors, cemeo^ber hU maaj. 
^ ttmiesy and that he wu a mortal.** 

Akt. IX. Ejftra^ from an anciint Soot. 

Mr. Editoji. ' 

ObferTiog that curious extracts from aodeot books are feme, 
times introdaced into yoar Taluable Miicellany* I hope the fol- 
lowing may be found worthy of a place^ 

Yonra, kc. M.C.&., 

Extras Jrm a Bock intitUd^ '* Rfgn fi R^gina ifyui at 
annum nparatm Sabuis 1603/' 

LmSni ixcudebat Mekh. BradwaoduSy 

ilenrtcus quintu; Rex Anglic filios Henrici qnarti Gallos mul^ 
tis prieliis deTicit, tandem R^ens Galliae crcatus. Doxit in Ux* 
orem Katherioam filiam /CaroTi fexti Regis Fraoctae ex qua fef* 
cepit Henricom fextum. Obiit Anno 1422 in fuprem& pars* 
Cap^llap R^ise cum ftatua argenteis laminis obteoi qus jam 
pridem facrifegb fublatae fuerunt» cum his carminibus (epultns^ 

Gallomm Maftb jacet hie Henricus ui uma ; 

Domaf omnia Virtus 
^nlchra Yirumque (bum fodat tandem Satherina. 

O IMcifuU Gad ^hat a Prince vas this. 
Which his ihort time io martiall aOos fpeat, 
]q honour ctf oooqu^ft : that^vonder to me it is. 
How he might compafTe fuch deedes excellent, 
i^od yet far that his minde nathiag detent. 
All gho(Uy health for his foule to provide^ 
Qyti qg this wjorld ere he fsully Oiould (Ude* 

So though I had Tnlly his eloquence 
Or of Seneca the grave moraiitie. 
Of of Salomon the perfeft fapience, 
Qr thi^ fweet Ditties of Da^ie Calliope ; 
Yet might I not in profe or other dittic 
Accordingly advance this prince his fame, 
Qrwii^dflf fco^Vrtpiphanqpth^f^ • 


no JMifceUaneous Epitaphs* , 

Coofideriog hk aAes, wherof parcell appeere 
Id Ihis rude worke with many more left out ; 
The thne alio was lefle then tenne yeere 
That he fo (hortly brought all things about. 
By divine gtace furthered out of doubt. 
That mightfull Lord be holpe his gboflly knight. 
With grace and b«nor to pafle this world's figbt. 

And to have reward double and condigoe : 

And firft for mardall ades by him donne, 

To be advanced among the worthies nine» 

And for his virtues us'd by him eiisoone. 

With many good deeds which he on earth had done : 

Above the Hierarches, he is I truft now flall'd^ 

That was in earth King of Kings call'd. 

Art. X. Mifcellaneous Epitaphs. 
' In the Church pf Broughton, by Banbury, in Oxfordlhite. 

** Hie jacet Dominus Thomas de Broughton Miles Quondam 
Dominus de Broughton qui multimodis ornamencis hanc ecdefiam 
decoravit. Cujus Animae propicietur Deus, Amen. 

Arms. B- a crofs engrailed A.^ 

In the lamCi 

*^ Orate pro animaDomine Philippe Bifchoppefdone queobiit in 
die Sanfti Andrese - • <- Anno Domini 141 4/' 

Arms. 3 bends, a canton, quartering a chevr. engrailed be- 
tween 3 efcallops. 

In this pari(h is Broughton Caftle, which pafled from the Wick- 
hams to the Fiennes's, Lords Say and Sele, and from them by an 
heirefs to the Twifletons, now Lords Say and Sele, and the pre- 
fent owners. 

The Church of Bletfo, in Bedford(hii«. 

<^ Hie jaoet Radulphus Lamior quondam Coferarius et Cu(|o$ 
Garderobae primus cum NcbiliiEma Domina Mar^aretta DMdjfla 
Somerfetise ac Leone Domino de Welles qui obiit 18 die Aygufti 
1458. Cujus animae.propidetnr Deus.'* 

Arms. B. a crefcent int. 3 fleurs de Us O. quartering 3 lions 


MfciUaneous Epitaphs. lit 

In Weft Greenfted Church, io Suflex. 

** HiC jacet Hugo HalOiam Miles qui obiit ultimo die meofis 
Febrqariiy A. D. 14419 ct Doonioa Jocofa uxor ejus que obiit 
diemenfts Augufti A. D. 1421, quar' aaioiab' &c.'' 

ArmSf O. a chevron £• inc. 3 leopards faces G. quartering 
2. Paly of 6 0. aod B. Strabolgy. 3. B. a lioa O. furmounted of 
a feiTe G. charged with 3 lleurs de lis A. impaliog O. a bead ea« 
^railed S. 

Hie jac^t Philippa quondani uxor Johannis HaKham Armigeri 
ct uoa filiarum et beredum Davidis de Strabolgy nuper Comitis de 
Athell que obiit prima die Novembrisy A. D. 13^5." ' 

Arms. Halfham and the third coat before-mentioned quarterly 
impaling Strabolgy. 

Written on the tombe of the Earle of Shrewsbury, in Frauoce, 
who died in the battle of Bardcux, 1453. 

'* Here lyeth the noble Knight John Talbott, Earl of Shirwf* 
bury, Earle of Waisford, Watcrford and Valence. Lord Tal- 
bott of Godriche and Urchinfield, Lord Straunge of Biafcmer^ 
Lord Verdon of Alton, Lord Cromwell of 'Wtngfield,^ Lord 
Lovetot of Worfop, Lord Furnivall of Sheffield, Lord Fau* 
conberge. Knight of the moft Noble Order of St. George, St. 
Michaell, the Golden Fleece, Great Marfhalt to King Henrys the 
Vlth, of the Realm of Fraunce, who died in the battayle of 
Burdeux, I4S3«''$ 


Art. XL /«-»...- Ofurcb ----., 
(From a Book of Epitaphs among the Harleian AtSS,) 

In memory of Sir Humphrey Wioche, alias . De La Winchc, 
Knt. who in the 4th yeare of King James, A. D. x6o6, was 
fent by him to ferve in Ireland. Firft as Chief Baron, afterwards 
as Chief Jnftice and Counfellor of State for that kingdom, from 
whence recalled he ferved his Majeily as one of his JuAices^ of 
his Court of Common Pleas, at Weftminfter, ^d Counfellor of 
State for Ireland, until! an apoplexy feized on him in his robes 
the 4th of February, 1624, in the 71ft yeare of his age; whereof 
he about 24 hours after died in Chancery Lane^ London, wbofe 
corps embalmed was bropght down and buried here below. . 

• By thi» it fcems he pofTcflcd Wir.gficld Manor. See Top. Vol. I, p. 47 1 . 
t From Harl. MSS. 60^7,-6072,' 


112 Fairifird fPiniows, Gbucffierjkira 

He took to Mrife Ciceley, ome of the daughters of Richard 
Onflowe^ alias Oadefloe, Efq. SoIIidtor General .to Qneieae 
Elizabeth, by whom he had iflfae two foooM and three diaagkters^ 
viz. Odflowe, Humphrey, Margaret, Ellen, and Dorothy. 
Humfphrey, Margaret, and Ellen died in their infiincy. His 
wife Dame Cicely, with Onflow and Dorothy (hrviving him, 
Onflowe married Judith, only daughter of Roger Burgoyne, of 
Sntton, Efq. Dorothy married to George Scott, of tiaWddiafl^ 
in the County of Kent, Efq, 
ithm. A fcallop fhell O. in a field Ar and Gul^'. 

AnT. XII. ** Fati^ijbrd Window, GUucifltrflnu.^ 
(From an old MS\ Pom.) 

1 ktxme no paintfe of poetry. 

Can mend fiich coiour'd imag'ry 

In felteo inke; yet (Fayreford) I 

May rellifh thy fair memory. 

Soch is the echoe's fainter found 

^Bch is the lig^t when the fun's drown*d| 
. So did the fancy look upon 

The work before it was begun. ' 
^ Yet when tbo(e fliowes are oat of ^ht. 

My weaker ^laurs may delight. ^ 

Thofe images doe faithfullie 

Report true feature to the eie. 

As you may thmk^each pifture wa» 

Some vUace lo a looking gkfs ; 

Not a glais window fiice, unlefs 

Stich as Cheapfide hath, where a prtfil 

Of painted gallants looking out 

6edtck the cafement rounde aboot* 

But thefe have holy Phifnomy i 

Each paine inftruAs the laity 

Wid) filent eloquence ; for heere 

JDevotioa leades the eie, not eare. 

To nbte the catechifinge piint, 
' Whofe eafie phrafe doth foe acquaifltc 

Oor fenfe with Gbfpdl, that the Creeds 

In fuch an hand the weake may reade. 

Such tipes e'en yett of vertue bee 

ll^ Chrift as in a glais we fee^-« * 


Upon Fatrtford ff^mbivs, Gbuufltrjhirt. Xt^ 

When wit)i 9 fiihioge rod the Clarke 
Si. Peter's draught of fifti doth marke, ' 

Such is rhefcale, theeie^ the fiaQ» 
You'd thioke they flr!ve and leape within; 
But »f the neit, whitb holdes them» brake^ 
Hee with his angle fome woald take. 
But would you waike a turn in Faules» 
Looke up, one little pane inrouls 
A fairer temple. Flinge a iione. 
The church is out at the' windowe flowne. 
Confider not, but afke your eies. 
And gholls at mid- day feem to rife; 
The (aintes there feemeing to defcend 
Are paft the glafs and downwards bend. 
Look there, the Devil! all would cry, 
Did they not fee that Chrid was by. 
See where hefuflfers for thee; fee 
His body taken from the tree I 
Had ever death fuch life before ! 
The limber corps« be-fully'd o'er 
With D^e^epalenefs, doesdifplay 
A middle ftate 'cwixt flefli and clay. 
His armes and leggs, his head and cvowne 
Likp a true laAbikin dangle downe! 
Whoe can forbeare, the grave being nigh, 
To bringe frefli ointment in bis eye ? 
The wondrous art hath equall fate, 
Unfixt and yett inviolate. 
The puritans were furc deceav'd, 
Whoe thought thofe ihaddowes mov'd and heav'd^ 
So held from ftoninge Chrid; the winde 
And boyflerous tempeAs were fo kinde^ 
As OD his image not to prey, 
Wbome both the winde and feas obey. 
At Momus wifli hee not amaz'd. 
For if each chriftians heart were glaz'd 
With fuch a windowe, then each breft 
Might bee his owne Evangelift. 

R. C.» 

* Mtfc. MSS. Poems Muf. Brit. Bib. Sloui. 144^* 

J 14 Hi/lory ofibi Black Friars, CanHrhurj* 

Art. XIII. Hi/lorj of the Black Friar Sy Canterbtaj. 
Continued frtfm Vol. f. p. 433. 

It has been faid Vol. I, p. 433, that Henry III, and Stcpheo 
Langton, Archbi(hop of Canterbury, firft received the Dominican 
Friars kindly into this kingdom, and that the former built them 
this Menadery, which was the firft of the fort in Enghnd. 

The gift of the King feems to have been the Little Ifland, on 
which there now ftands a part^of the Monaflery, fuppofed by moft 
to have been the Infirmary, at prefent a private houfc belonging 
to Mr. Ciprian R. Buncc. The remainder of the fcite of the 
Monaflery was proved (in a famous tythe*caufe regarding this 
place determined in the Exchequer in the laft century) to have 
been lands of the Archbifhop, belonging (as it nearly adjoined) 
to his Palace here, and granted to the Dominicans by Stephen 
Langton, their other Patron. 

A tranfcript of the Original Charter in 1236, being the firft 
Grant ever made to this Religious Order, in this kingdom, may 
fiitisfy the curious. 

Henricus Dei Gratia Rex AngKae Domirius Hiberniae, Dux 
Normanntae, Aquitaniae, et Comes Andegavbe, ArchiepifcopiS) 
Epifcopis, Abbatibas, Prioribus, Comitibus, Prepofitis, Baronibus, 
Jufliciariis, Vice Comitibus, Prepofitis, Mininfris, et omnibus Bal- 
livis^ et fidelibus fuls Salutem. Sciatis nos pro fahite animae nof- 
trae, et animamm Antecefibrumet heredum nofirorum dedifie, et 
hac pre&nti carta noftri confirmafle Fratrlbirs Predicatoribos 
Cantuarieqfibus quandam Infubm iv Aqua noftra Cantuar. ja- 
centem inter terram quas fuit uxoris Magifiri Ricardi De Mep- 
ham, et terram quae fult Aleanorc fil' Jdldwin verfus Orientem, et 
terram quae fuit Willielmi de Bury, etmagnam domum Lafideam, 
quae fuit Jphannis Slup verfus Occidentem ; Habend* et Tenend,* 
fibi et Succeflbribus fUis de nobis et heredibus noftrts in liberam, 
puram, et perpetuam Elemofinam. Quare Volnmus et firmiter 
praecipimus pro nobis et heredibus noflris, quod praedi6ti Fratres 
et SuccefTores Eorum habeant et teneant de nobis et heredibus 
noftris prediSlam infulam cum omnibus pertinenciis fuis in puram 
et perpetuam ElemoGnam, ficut predlAiim eft.* Hiis teftibtts^ 
Williclmo De Ferrariis, Willielmo de Kales, Thefaurario Exon' ; 
Petro de Malo Lacu ; Bertramo de Kaoyll ; Roberto Lupo ; Ha- 
mone Filio Phil.' et aliis. Dat.* per manum Vcnerabilis Patri^ 


Hi/iory of the Black Friars^ Canterburyl 1 15 

Radulfi Ckeftriae Epifcopi et Canceilarii ooftri apnd Cantdar. 
decimo Martiip Anno regni noftri Ticefimo primo.'* 

Queen Elizabeth in the 2d year of her reiga granted it ^vith ail 
its rights, fraochiles, and privileges whaifoever to John Har- 
rington, and George BurdeOi Gentlemen. 

On Aug. 4» 2 Eliz. (viz. 1560) John Harrington, and George 
Burden, Gentlemen, fold thefciteof the Friars, with the buildings, 
appurtenances, &c. to William Ovenden, of Canterbury, Qoth 
Maker^ who made it his refidencc. He left iflue by Margaret 
his wife, 3 fons, Robert, Chriflopber, and George, and was dead, 
as well as his fon Chriftopher in the 9 James 1. (viz. 1610.) 

Robert, his eldeft fon and heir, then came into pofleffion of 
this eftate, and chofe to write his name Uoveden. Wood* gives 
the following account of him. ** Robert Hovedcn, a Kentiftiman 
born, was elcftcd Fellow of All-Souls College in 1565, took the 
Degrees in Arts, that of Mafter being compleated in 1570, and 10 
the year following, being then 27 years of age, he wasplefted and 
confirmed Warden of the faid College. About the fame time en- 
tring into holy. Orders, he was made Domeflic Chaplain to Mat- 
thew, Archbi&op of Canterbury, afterwards Prebendary of the 
Cathedral there, Prebendary of Henftridge in the Church of Wells, 
Prebendary of Clifton in the Church of Lincoln, and at length 
D. D. He hath written 

'* Henrki Chichleii Cantaur. Jrchiepjfcopi CalUgiique Omnium 
Animarum apud OxonUnfes Fundatoris nta.'' Written in Dec. 
1574, and hath this beginning ** Henricus Chtchleius in pago 
prope Northampton^ (ffr. It is a ihort thing, and is kept in MS. 
upder the author's hand in All-Souls College, and ferved as aa 
Apparatus of a larger life, written by Dr, Arthur Duck. 

Catalogus Cufiodum et Saciorum Coll Animarum MS. It com- 
mences at the foundation of the college, and reaches down to 
Hoveden*t days, and by others continued to thefe times. This 
catalogue, tho' it is trite and flendcr, and now and then faulty, 
jet it hath inftruAed me in many things, when I was compofing 
this, and a precedent work. It is commonly in the the cufiody 
of the Warden, and hath in the beginning of it the life of the 
founder before-mentioned. This worthy DoAor died March 25, 

* From an Infpeximus of Q^Eliz. reciting a former Tnfpeximus aod Con- 
firmation of Hen. IV, oa Sept. 17, 1 3th of hit reign, now in the pofTelfioa 
of the Rev. W. D. Byrcbc, Owner of the Friars, 

t Athen. J, 393. 

1 16 Hlftory of the Black Friars^ Canterbury.' 

i6i4> and w^s buried towards the upper ead of All Soi|l'€Cba«% 
pel. A copy of his epitaph you may fee iji HIJI* et Antiq. Uni^ 
vers. Oxon, Lib. 2. p. 185, a" 

So far Anthony Wood.* Dr. Hoveden had a wife Catherine, 
(but died S. P.) and two brothers, Chriftopher and George. 
Cbriftopher Hoveden, Gent, his next brother was dead before 
him in 9 James I, leaving ifTue Robert and John. 

Robert Hoveden, Efq. of Chinnor, Co. Oxford, tlic eldeft 
foo/was poUcfled of the Black Friars, and on Nov. 29, 1658, 
he fold this eftate, by the name of ** all the fcitc of the late Priory 
of the Black Friars, &c. whh the appurtenances, wilhln the 
fdte, circuit and precinfts of the faid Priory, &c. to Mr. Peie'r 
Dc La Pierre; a Foreigner, who came over to praftice Phyfic 
ip this kingdom, of his eminent j(kiil in which profcf&on feveral 
teRimonies now remain in his family. Previous to this purchafe 
he and his eldeft fon John, born at Gorne in Flanders, had beea 
naturalized; but the Aft having paffed during \Vx Inter- regnum^ 
another was pafTed at the Rejloration^ 

Upon this purchafe Mr. De La Pierre took into his own pof- 
iefiion that fide* of the Quadrangle which had formerly been 
inhabited by theHovedcns, but had lately been oeglefted and ktt 
ipto fmall tenements, which, as well as the reft of the Friars, 
were then principally inhabited by Walloons. This he repaired^ 
and according to the expreffion in the Depofitions in a famous 
T[ytbeCaufe (hereafter to be mentioned) *' built himfelf a ftately 
boufe" wnich now remains much in its original ftate. 

He died foon after 1668, leaving iflue, 1. John, 2. Peter, 
who fettled at Dover, and marled in 1668 Margaret, daughter 
ef Captain Richard Jacob of that place, and died December 7, 
1684, aged 41, leaving iflue two daughters, ofwh^m Margaret 
was wife of Captain Alexander Kenton, and died January 6, 
1738, aged 65, -as her huftjand died September 11, 1719, 9^^* 
54: 3, Michael De La fierrc, (probably father of Michael, who 
died May 2, 1754, aged 69 :t) 4. a daughter married to Edwaid 
Crayford, Efq. Barriller at Law^ mother (gr grandmother) by 
him of William Crayford, Efq. Recorder of Canterbury, vhodicd 
Auguft 12, 173 s» aged 38 years. 

John Peters M. D. the eldeft fon, born ZK Gorne, in Flanders, 
poiTefTtd, by his father's will, the principal manfion, but feveral 

• Athcnae. I. Ct)K 393^. 
t Sec Vol. 1. p, 2 J 7 



Hiftory of the Black Friar$^ Canterbury: 117. 

fmaller houfes within the precia£l$ were given among the younger 
children, by which means there took place a reparation of the 
ixnts of this eftatc, which can never again hope to be unit<;d. 
This John took his Degree of M. D. at Ley<Jen, Oftob^jr i^^ 
1649, when his difputation was, *' De Empyemate'*' and dedicated 
to his father, D. Ottho Heurnius, D Adolphus Vorftius, O* 
Adrian FaJcoburg, & D. Richardus Gibbon^ '* Medicina et Phi- 
lofophia Doctor apud Londinenjis pra^icus^ prudentifflmus, amicus 
iius integcrrimus" He was buried in the Church ot St. AJphagc, 
Canterbury, Nov, 16, 1688, leaving iffue 

1. Peter, 2. John, 3. Charles, who was of Birchington, iii 
the Ifleof Ihanct, and baried iu the Church of St. Alphage, 
Canterbury, June 24, 1712, 4. Lewis, 5. Sufan, married Fe- 
bruary 9, 1688, to the Rev. Gilbert Innes, Minifter of Maidftone, 
who died 1711, set. 71, as (ho died May 17, 1732, set. 72,* 
leaving iflue the. Rev. Gilbert Jones, whom the Peiers's prefented 
to the Re£tory of Kingfton, in Kent, 4. Jane, married to Sir 
Peter Cleane, Bart, 

Peter Peters, M. D. the cldeft fon and poflefTor of the BJack 
Friars was born 1657, and took his Degree in Medicine, as well 
as his father, at Ley den. He married Elizabeth, daughter and 
heir of the Rev. John Stoning, Minifter of the Black , Friars^ 
London, by Anoe his wife, daughter and at length fole heir of 
Richard Gibbon, M. D. before- men lioned, of Kingfton, in 
Kent, and St, Olavc, Hart-ftreer, London,+ (elder brother of 
•Matthew Gibbon, grandfather to Edward, the Htftorian, nov{r 
living.) He was buried in the Church of St. Alphage, Febru- 
ary 3, 1697,$ leaving iffue by her, whofurvived tiil 1722, 

I, John, born 1693, and died young, 2- Anne, who died 
young in 17 12, 3. Elizabeth, fole forviving heir, fecond wife of 
Thomas Barrett, £fq. of Lee, in the parifti of Ickham, in Kent,§ 
who died foon after 1730, haying had idue 

Elizabeth, heir to her mother, who carried this eft«te in mar- 
riage to the Rev, William Dejovas Byrche, A. M.|| (formerly 

• See Newton's Aotiq. of Maidftonc, p. 88. 

+ See Top. Vol. I. p. 216, and Gent. Mae. Augull 178$. 

X See their epitaphs n\ the Church of St. Alphage, Vol. 1. p. 207. 

^ He ^died on Janu4ry ai, 1757 See an excellent charadber pt" him 
Gent. Mag. Vol. 57. p. 91. He was father by his tourih wife of Thonus 
Barrett, £k[. now of Lee 

I Son of th^ Hcv. William Byrche, formerly Minifter of St. Mary's, 
Dover, and Re£^orof Mongeham, ^cnc, who died ac Bath, June Z4, 1756. 
Sec Topog. Vol. I. p. 79. 


If 8 Ujftory efthe Black Friars, Canterbury. 

FeUow of Sidney CoIL Camb.) who now contioues to poflefs 
tfid inhabit it, having had iflTue a fon Thomas Peters Byrche, 
who died 17849 S* P. and a danghter Elizabeth, born in 1767. 
who is married and has iflbe. 

Defcription oftht frefent fiate of this Priofy^ and account of other 
houfes within its frecin^s* 

The principal part of this building in its original ftate formed 
a quadrangle, to which the entry was by a gate at the bottom 
of St. Alphage Lane. The north fide, which was the dormitory, 
is Aill ftanding» and forms the houfe of Mr. Byrche, which was 
put into its prefent (hape» as has been faid before, about 1658* 
The weft fide, which was the hall, ftood and is ftillftanding on the 
banks of the Stour^ and conilitutes an Anabaptift Meeting Hoafe» 
and a private houfe belonging to Mr. John Hayward, to whom 
it has come after feveral intermediate conveyances from thcCray- 
fords, who had it in right of the marriage with a Peters bdbre- 
mentioned, from which match the prefent pofleflbr is deibended* 
The chuich which formed the fouth fide was taken down in the 
reign of Qoeen Elizabeth by Mrs. Ovenden, or Hoveden before* 
named* A fide-wall, high enough to form a fence only, is ftand- 
ing. It feems to have been built of large lumps of concretion of 
pebblesa nd gravel. Within fide is now a fmall garden. Weever 
in his Funeral Monuments p. 218, (ays, that in this church were 

Robert and Bennet Browne, Efqrs. 

Bennet, daughter of — — *- Shelvings, and wife to Sir Edmund 
Hawte, Knt. and after wife to Sir William Wendall, Knt," 

To which may be added that here alfo was buried the famous 
Sir Simon Hurley, Lord Warden of the Cinque i^orts,. and Con*- 
ftable of I>over Caftle. 

The building on the eaft fide of the Quadrangle is now, and 
has long been, gone. And the gateway from St. Alphage Lane 
has long fince been taken away* 

On the little ifland at the other fide of the Stour, (to which the 
communication feems, at leaft fince the reign of Queen Elizabeth, 
to have been thro' a fmall arch at the bottom of the north fide 
of the quadrangle over a wooden bridge,) ftands another building, 
fuppofed to have been the infirmary, now a private houfe, which 
WAS devifed to a younger child of the Peters family, and fo paflie4 


Hiftorj rftbe Black Friars^ CantirButj. 119 

thro' the name of De La Koy, by purchafe, about five years fioce 
to Mr. Ciprian Rondeau Bonce, the prefent poiTefTor. 

However, there feems to have been another and handfomec 
communication between the main buildings and this ifland ori- 
glnally, for, lower down than the wooden bridge, there ftill 
are remaining Tome very beautiful pointed arches acrofs the 
river, built of flint, upon which^ from a map made in Queen Eliza- 
beth's time (now in Mr. Byrche's poflef&on) it feems there was 
fome covered building ere^led, but whether there was a paflag^ 
thro* does not appear. The little wooden bridge I think alfo ap- 
pears in the map. 

From Mr. Bunce's houfe and ifland, the boimds of the Priory 
feem to have run nearly with Mr. Bance s rnw wall* till the ap- 
proach to another houfe inhabited by Mr. Bunce, and then 
turning to the left, with a few indentations, abutted on St. Peter's 
Street, where the fine old gate of the Priory, engraved in Top. 
Vol. I. (p. 4339) flood. There it turned ag^in to the left and 
ran down aaofs the Priory Bridge to another gateway finoe gone* 
at the bottom of what was formerly the Rujh-Mariet^ now Prince 
of Orange Lane, There turning again at right angles it run in- 
cluding (what is now one fide of a ftreet) to the gate before-men- 
tioned at the bottom of St. Alphage Lane, from whence it con- 
tinued along the flreet as far as the next turning to the left, 
and then purfued the fame line as the waU that enclofes Mr. 
Byrche'si garden to the river fide.f 

All thefe precincts were endofed within a wall, orach of which 
was remaining within a century. 

Tie privileges, isfc. of the Priory. 

About 1680 (I do not exa^ly recoiled tbryear) John Stockar, 
then ReAor of St. Alphage, fued Dr. John De La Pierre (or 
Peters) for tytbes. As this queftion,. from the manner in which 
it was conduced, involved alio the fuefiions of the extraparochi* 

• For the gsrdtn formerly called DniytmCst to the north of itfeemt rMt 
to have been ^rchaied by the Priory lili juft before the JDifftiuHon, fo ihtC 
shaf is parochial. 

f This minute defcription may appear ridiculous to thofe, who are noc 
acquainted wish iheffou For fuch however it is not written. As to the accu- 
racy of it, the writer confelTet it is only drawn from memory. Indeed no 
verbal acfhsa can be u eza^ as « ti^aOk 


I20 Htftory tftln: Black Friars, Canterbury. 

«r«y of the Priofy, and its exemption frcfm the city's jarifliftion, 
fome fliort account of it will be the belt cxplarration of the privi- 
leges of this pbce. ^ , ... 
The plaintiff feemed willing at firft to contend that lands did 
flot coTYtini>e cxertipt from tythes after they Carte into Lay- Hands, 
(at leaft with the exception of the King,) which h6 grounded 
itpon this maxim of law, that, in lay hands, modus de non dcci- 
immdo nm valet. Butthe ftatotc 31 Hen.VUI, /C. 13. (which 
fays, thiit all perfons who ftiOuH come to the poffeffiort of the 
•lands of any Abbey, then diffolved, (hould hold them free and 
difcharged of tyrhes in as large and ample a nl^nner as the Ab* 
beys themfdvcs fcfrmcrly bcfd them,) is a complete atifwer to the 
application of this maxim to religious hoafes in general, and as 
to th\^ pariiciriar cafe, the words of the patent 2 Eliz. are very ex- 
plicit.- «• y^c tenend' frediSfas Reriorias de Ijlington tf WigenhaU^ 
t^c. at fredlctuirt fcitum diSfi fiuper Domus Prioratus vocati Liz, 
Black Fryers ac catera pramijfa in di£fa Civitate Cantuaria ac 
fr^ediSfum Capitale Meffuagium ac grangiam vocat, Stoughton 
Grange *,*' ac catera pretntiffa in Stoughton pradi£f , ac pradi£i* 
^ f&rtiikm decitftam in Wedbikrne pradiSf*' ac pradi^* advocationem 
-Di^af Seitorid ef Ecclefta de Rothing BeauchaThpe pradiSf* ac 
•fr^€f* marterinm de Stantdrt ac pradiA.* terras et tenementa in 
pr^dbl.^ Comiiafu Derb, de nobis, haredihis, etjttccejforibusmftris 
vtde Manerio noftro dt Ba^Grenewich in Com. Noftro Kant J* per 
fidelitatem tantum in libero et' Gopimunhf SoCagio et mn in Capite 
.pro Mmtois f9dditibu^, feriHtiis, exaSfionibus, decimis et Demandis 
quibufcunque pro pramijjis aut alifuo pr^inifforuflfi nobis bere£blis 
velfuccefforibus nojtris quoquo modo reddend : folvend : v el fact end.** 
It is very clear therefore that the Fatemec had a right to enjoy 
whatever privileges were enjoyed by the Priory itfelf. In order 
to fettle «he' point whether e^cetinptioii firom tythes was among 
thcfe. prlviicges, d»pofitk3fi« 6f a great variety of people were 
*uk60 ID the a«»|}m <rf 270 folio pages. Both parties feemed wH- 
Cag. to rdy much on the qubftloti of its pafochiality. The wit- 
nefles in favour of the Plaintiff depofed, (among other things) that 
the Parifll df Sf. Al^Aagehadtaluiil the Priory within their peram. 
:bulalioii»$ and if^fifted tii)^ila caufe tried in 1665 at Maidftone 
between Peter Peters, (father of the Defendant,) then Plaimiff, 
' and the Parifh of St. Alphage, Defeoda&ts, ooBcemiog the pri- 

* Sec Burton's Leiccftcrihirc p, n^^^^^To^ Vol. If, No, I. 


Hi/iory •fthi Elact Priars^ Canterbury^ I2t 

VTIeges and* exemptions of the Black friars from th« Pari(h of St. 
Alphage; when the Defendants obtained a verdiA. In anfwer 
to bot*h which the witnelfes on the other fide depofed, that St. 
Alphage h^d nerer pretended to take thefe preciads within theii 
.Doundaries ttll the time of the late ufurped powers, during which 
time many other abufes and infringements had taken plate» thaV 
the parifh itfclf would not pretend to defend ; and as to the trial,' 
more than one perfon depofed, " that ther Judge inclined for tho 
faid Mr. I'eterS in the faid caufe,*' ** and that h^ was one of the 
Jnry' that tried the caufe, ancf that the chiefeft reafon a$ tbif 
deponent did apprehend that fwaycd this deponent and the reft 
of the Jury to give a vcrdlfl for the then Defendant in the faid 
catrfe Wa$ for that it ^as given {n evidetice at the faid trya( that 
the Parifhioners of St. Afphage when they went the perambu- 
lations of the faid pariQi had broken open the gate or gates of the 
faid Fryar^ to take the fam^ into their pari/h bounds, and becaufe 
the /aid Mr. Perers bad not fued them for fo doing, it was coa* 
eluded by the (aid Jury, as this Deponent apprehended, that the 
faid Fryars were 'part of^tiie faid parifh, and this Deponent iait^ 
that after the Jury had given their verdi^ in the faid caufc, the 
Judge, as this Deponent apprehended, did difapprovi of the faid 
.verdi£l, and afked the faid Jury if they were not millaken, or ufed 
words to that or the like cffeft." 

On the part of the Plaintiff a great variety of witnefles depofed 
that the Fryars had always been a privileged place, exempt and 
difcharged from the payment of tythes^ and all other parish du- 
ties j and among other things, all agreed in its exemption from 
the jurifdiflion of the City, which they proved by the following 
fiafts, (not denied by the Defendants,) viz. ** That when Lent was 
kept ffriflly, and the Butchers of the City of Canterbury were re- 
ilrained from killing and feliing fle(h within the faid City, feveral 
.butchers have come and kept (hop, and fold flefh within the faid 
Frectnfts, and that the Magiflrates of the faid city did not and 
could not Si^invh them or hinder them from fa doing. And feve« 
ral times when the Serjeaots of Canterbury have attempted to ar- 
reft any perfon or perfons, if he Or they efcaped into the faid pre- 
cious, they dSd not foflow them to take or arreft them there, for 
that the (aid precindls were accounted a privileged place, exempt 
from the jurifdi£lion of the faid city.'* And many 6f dxe witn^f* 
fes particularly remembered feveral people being purfued by theft 
Serjeants, and upon efcaping within the precin^s of this place, 
kidding tkem dijijmu. It was alfo proved that in the collection of 

R the 

J 22 Hijicry of the Black Friars, Canterbury^ 

the Poll-tax, this place was always iDcluded within the handreJ 

of Wcftgatc, which is in, the county, and not in the city.* 

Thefe facts, which. With many others not here mentioned, arc 
in the depofitions, clearly evince the exemption of this place firom 
the city ; and that being proved, its extraparochiality follows of 

• The Court confidering thefe and the other proofs brought in 
favour of the plaintiff, and recognizing the fact of the Priory hav- 
ing been built on Archbifhop's Land, &c, gave judgment in fa- 
vour of the Plaintiff, and this place has remained ever lince exempt 
from the payment of tyihes-f 

Art. XIV. An Account oflwelve Rare Coins out of the Mufeum 
of the late Anthony Lefroy, Efq. 

The annexed plate of 12 Coins, (formerly in the Mufeum df 
Mr. Lefroy,) being the original one which accompanied an ac- 
count of them given to the Society of Antiquarians by the learned 
Propofti Venuti, (but never, we believe % publifhed) having fellea 
accidentally into our hands, we think the introduction of it into 
this work will be no unpleafmg variety to our readers ; and not 
wholly incongruous with our plan, as the Coins certainly were 
afterwards brought into England, atid we believe pafled into the 
coiieftion of Mr. Anfon of Siaffordftiire. 

* Odc Deponent faid that there were gates leading into the Frytrs, ufually 
kept ihut, and upon being brpken open bv the inhabitants of Canterbury, a 
fuit was comnaenced which came before the King and Council, and it was 
ordered that the gates might be (hut from (ix at night, till fix in the morn- 
ing, and that the inhabitants during the remainingtime might havca paiTage 
of 6 foot breadth. This mnft refer to the pajfage Jrom the gate formerly at 
the Ru/h' Market, to the Gat fi in St. Peter* s Lane. 

t This Article having been written by a Correfpondent, who in confe- 
quence of our repeated follicitations to him, on account of our promife to 
tbe public, has at length completed it, he begs us to fay, that the fame ub- 
foreleen and indifpeniible avocations* which have delated him fo lont^, have 
fo hurried him id the writingit, chat this communication gives little fatisfac- 
tion to himjelf, 

X We mean Venuti's own plate and defcrij^ion was never publiihedl 

The Gcntiemai^*s Magazine copied one of thefe Coins into each month 
ef its Volume for 1 768, with an account tranflaced from Venuci's book, 
wiiich itfelf now lies before us. 



An Account of Twelve liar e Ccins^ Wr. 123 

T. The firft Coin is of gold, and a coarular one of Z. Sylla- 
Wighing nine penny weights anS ten grains, belonging to the 
Maniian and Cornelian families. On the obverfe is reprefcnted 
his head in a Roman helmet, with this circumfcription A. 
MANLI. A. F, Q^ i. c, Aulus Manlius, Aulifilius ^aflor. On 
the reverfe is Sylla on horfeback, in a military drcfs, bare headed, 
his right hand lifted up. The infcription L. SULLA FELI21 
Die. i. c. iMcius Sulla Felix Dilator. 

IL A coin of Af. Antoniasj a mod rare, flngnlar, and remark* 
able gold coin ; weighing 6 penny-weightr and aograins. It has 
on the obvcrfe a naked head of Antony, with the Legend, M. AN- 
TONIUS. M. F. M. N. AOCUR. IMP. TllRT. i. e. iff. Antc^ 
mus Marci fiL Marei Nepos Augur Imperator tertium. On the 
reverfe a head of Cleopatra, with the hair tied behind in a knot; 
and a continuation of the legend, as on the obferve COS. DIISIG. 
ITIIR. UT. TllRT. IIL VIR. R. P. C. Conful ieftgnatus 
herum W tertio Triumvir Reip. Conjlituenda. 

This is the only known gold Coin in which Cleopatra has been . 
joined with Antony, 

in. A Coin of Antonia Augujia. Of brafs ; of the third fize ; 
and the only inOance of one itruck in a Colony. It has the head 
of Antonia, with the hair as ufual, tied in a knot behind the neck» 
with this legend, ANTONIA AUGUST. On the other fide are 
two Cornucopias tied together by the ends ; and in the area be- 
tween them COR. vi^. Corinthi. In the Exergve, M. BELLIO.' 

Thefe Coins are fuppofed to have been ftruck after Antonio's 

IV. A coin of Lucilla AuguJla ; of filver, of the fmalleft fize 
and beft workmanthip. On one fide ic has the head &i Commo- 
dos^s fifler, with her hair tied back in a knot, and elegantly in- 
terfperfed with pearls with this legend, AOYKiaaa CEBACTH. 
On the other fide a Goddefs veiled, and dre/fed in a tunic (land- 
ings and in her left hand holding a patera. The Legend BA* 
CIaEtC. MANNOC. i^lAOPwMaiof. Rex Alannus Romanorum 

Vp A coin of Septinuus Severus, of gold, weighing 6 penny- 
weights and 3 grains i inferior, to none in elegance $ the h^ad that^ 


124 ^^ Account of Twilvi Ran Coin^, . 

of a bearded old man, boand with laurel; the legend SEVfUUS 
I^IUS AUG. On the middle of the rcverfc is ^ folding ?iltar, 
near which Aands the Emperor veiled^ in a toga, performiDg li^ 
bations with a patera over it ; behind is a curled-haired yoath 
playing on a double flute ; and lafl ftands a foldier drelted in a 
caiTock, holding a ftiort javelin over his arm, with this ioicriptionL 

VI. A coin of Sabinia TranqiuUina% brafs, of the fouiHer 
fize; the head of a young woman, with this infcription, CAB. 
TPANKYAAEINA. C. Sabina Tranquillina Augufta, Qn the 
Other iide Minerva (landing in a girt tunic, and helmeted, oq 
her left hand an olive-branch; with her right ca/liQg.fomething 
into a double-banded vafe on the ground. The legend, ClAUTCUT, 

VII. A coin of AUxandir Severus^ ^^erj rare, of braft, and 
the fecond fize. I'he head naked to the breaft and the legend 
M. AUR. ALEXANDER. CAES. On the reverie the tope- 
ror (landing in armour with a military robe; in hi$ left hand ^ 
fpear with its point downwards ; iu his right a truncheon ; be* 
hind are two military enflgns (luck erediin the ground * a cro^nrn 
gn the top of one» a legionary eagle on the other. In the area S« 
C.^ The infcription PRINC. IVVENTVTIS. 

VIII. A coin of Diadumentanus Cffar. It is ^ bqif?, of |b9 
third (ize, ftruck In Cdonia ; the head is naked, with a ipilitarf 
robe down to the bread ; the infcription M. OP. DJADMENlr 
ANUS CiESAR. On the rcverfe. SEP. TYRUS MET. CO- 
LON. Septimia Tyrus Metropolis Colonia. The figure is a god« 
defs with the head turrited, in a barbarian veft, the right hand 
Iwd on a trophy, the left holding a fceptre aflant. . Bfcbind her 
is a colamn, on which ftands an image of Victory, with a palo 
and crown. 

XI. A coin of M. JEmiUus JEmtisanus. This is copper cC 
the third (jze» and Egyptian workroanOiip. The legend is 
Greek. A. K. M. AIMIa- AIMJaIANOC. ErC. EYr. CEB. 
' Jmp. Cafar Marcus Mmlius jEmilianus Pius, Felix, Aupf/lus. 
On the rererfe a walking viAory in a girt tunic, bearing in the 
right hand a crown, in the left a palm, on the area L. B; Anno 
Secundo. - 

diffidirations rig<9r£ng Writs of Summons^ ift* 125 

X. A coin of (be Emperor Probus. It is pure gold, and 
Wglw fiyc penny weights, and 13 grains* A Cbnfular Trahea 
o^er the breaiVy and in the left band a fta#, on the top of wbicft 
is an eagle. The lecend IMP. C M. AVR. PROBUS. P. ^^ 
AVCr. o^ the rjsverie, a naked Hercnles with a boar on bis 
ftouiders. and Qver ^is arm a lion's ikin. The infcriptiun HER* 

XI. A coin xji Magna Utiica. This is a thin piece of gcM^ 
ani weighs three penny weights, 19 grains. The %ure is aia 
Eoprefs aicnoft to the waift ; the bead-drefs a diadem fet with 
pearls, and a coHar ornamented with gemms abont the neck. 
She isreprefented on a crefcent with an embroidered veft. The 
infcnption, MAGNIA VRBICA AVG. On the reverie is ^ 
goddefs {landing doathed with a vcU, tunic and ftole, bearing a 
patera in the right hand, in the leit a bqfta para; the legmA 

* XIL A coin' if the HiracUi. It is lilver of exqniiite workman* 
Aip. Round che bead, which reprcfents Minerva, we read 
HBAKAHiaN. On an el^ant ihield of the goddds S the mo« 
oyers mark K* 00 the reverfe, HPAKAinAN is repeated widi 
Jie^. The figure is a naked Hercules, iiolding a knotty club in 
his right hand, and in hi^ left a bow and arrow. Oo his arm 
bangs the ikin of the Nemaean Lion. In the area over the doib^ 
there is a cup or vafe. 

Aat. XV. Bjfpk to tbo fartbir ConfiiiTftions^ ngarAni # Wti^ 
of Summons to PariiamonS, i^c. 

Mr. Editor, 

Enclofed is my reply to Mr. Blore^ Anfwer io your kft Hmbh 
ber, in yonr firft volume, p. 75 • 

Tbe power of the Writ to Enlarge a Barony by paiont inl9 a 
Baroay in JFVr, feems to be given np« 

The remaining qucflion therefore is, whether the Writ in this 
cafe creates a mw Baront of the iame title oc not f 


1 26 Confiderations ngarSng Writs of Summons , (^c» 

I veotore to fay, it does not, becaure it is notoriouSy that the 
Peer fo fummooed takes his feat according to the date of the Origi- 
nal creation in his Anceftor, and therefore that is the Barony, by 
which he fits. 

What are Mr. Blore's objeAions to this i The chief feems 
to be, that a Peer cannot furrender any of his honours, a rule 
laid down in the famous cafe of Vifcount Purbeck. But let us 
take the esaft words of the Refolution of the Houfe of Lords 
ia that cafe. 

*' DieMartis i8 Junii 1678* 

•* Forafmuch as upon the debate of the Petitioner's Cafe, who 
claims the title of Vifcount Purbeck, a queftion in law did arife 
whether a fine levied to the king, by a Peer of the Realm, of his 
Title of Honour can bar and extinguijh that title ? 

•* The Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Farliacnent affemblcd, 
upon very long debate, and having heard his Maje(ly*s Attorney 
General^ are unanimoufly of opinion and (]q rcfolve and adjudge 
that no fine now levied, nor at any time hereafter to be levied 
to the king, can bar fuch Tide of Honour, or the right of any 
perfon claiming fuch title under him that levied, or (hall levy 
iuch fine."* • 

By this it appears that the father cannot furrendejr his Barony 
to the King, or do any aft to extinguifh, or bar future rights to 
it. But does it therefore follow that he may not furrender it to 
bis fin and heir I I think no man can advance that the Refo- 
lution of the Houfe goes that length. 

Ic feems to mc therefore (not that the Writ divefts the 
father of his Barony, for that is a fevere conAruAion of the 
words of B. F. but) that there is an aflent, (an afTent, which 
I advance to be legal) either exprefs or implied on the part of 
the father, to the furrender of the Barouy in favour of the foa 
and heir, and that juft the fame writ then iflfues to fummon the 
fon to that Barony, as if he had fucceeded to it by the death of 
his ancedor. 

As to the A. B. C. cafe put by Mr. Bl-re I cannot aflent 
to it. In the firft place I deny the Barony oi C. to be a Baro* 
liy in Fee, tho' I allow it not to have been focfeitedf fioce 

• Collins on Baronies by Writ, p. 305, 306. 


• 1% 




St^ Martinis Churchy Canterbury. 127 

I aflert it to have been furrendered by the father, previous to 
his attainder, and therefore defcendable to the heirs male of the 
body of CI (at leaA.) Then I totally deny that D. the Collate- 
ral, or hisiflue male could have inherited the Patent Barony« 
after B's attainder, even tho* B. had died without iffuemalei 
for he muft make himfelf heir to the perfon laft feized,* much 
lefs while there exiAed any fuch iiTue, during which time^ 
let it be as long as it would, (even centuries) if D. or his iiTue 
could inherit at all, the Honour would remain in fufpeDce. 

B. F. did not advance that the Cafes mentioned at the, end of 
his Letter were proofs of the doflrine laid down by him, but^ 
that the doArine being fettled, thgfe therefore could not be Bi^ 
ronies in Fee. 

However it is time loft to argue any longer on the principal 
queflion; for it is no longer Sub Judice: The Houfeof Lords 
have determined that a Writ, under the circumftances beforemea* 
tioned, does not conftitute a Barony in Fee. 

B. F. 

' Art. XVL St. Martin's Churchy Canterbury. * 

Tbe'Pari(h Church of St. Martinis, it Canterbury, is weH 
known to be the moft curious in point of antiquity in the Eang- 
dom. Its curiofity, therefore, mull be the apology for the 
engraving, which is only offered as a third plate. It is fup- 
pofed to have been built by the Chriftians of the Roman Soldiery 
in the 2d century, and the time of the firft Chriftian King Lucius, 
who lived in 182, fo that it is looked upon as one of theoldeft 
ftruflures of the kind ftill in conAant ufe in the kingdom* The 
tower is the moft curious part, being mixed with Roman bricks. 
This ought to have been the part engraved. 

* And that was a perfon attainted, from whom therefore nothing can be 
inherited. See the cafe of Nm/claitning the £arldom of Weftmoreland, in 



Jp? are much ofKgeJlto the Gentleman who fent us the beautifkt 
i^'awing of Ajbridge Ahhej^ which will he engraved and a full 
iccovnt given of that noble dntientfeat^ in our next. 

M. iu fcpOor oT ^diTitions to Mr. Gouges Additions to Caiitien^ 
. we thankfully dcSnowledgey hut are prry to pq/ipom that Article 

itnlftifer mnw\ 


We iftei^o oiHgedfo /. P. for tte neat drawings qfiiUingbam 
. Churchy and Ficarase-h^, in Effen \ with additions Uf the 

iMfHuiitcirtions ofJK^ Greehy given in our loft Ifumber. 7h^ 

fitdl H^edr in iut^ nex{. 

The durch Notes Jent us in addition to our Account rfHinttn Su 
George^ Vol. /. p. i^i, Jhall bavi an early place. 

We alfo return our thanks to aur kind CorreJ^vndmt ,M. T. for bis 
furthef Communications to our foon intended tliftory of ReptoH^ 
in Derby/hire. And are likewUe much obliged to his Frtemti ^ha 
is employed in writing us a Hijiory rf Afi)burne^ in the fomt 
County, tie may depend upon our own intended account waitit^ 

*1* HE 



A Variety of Original Articles^ 



A K D 



For MARCH, 179a. 

Being No. III. of Vol. II. 

C O N T A I N I K G, 

Aibridgc Abbey, Bucks. 131 

Anecdotes of Chancellor Eger- 

ton 136—139 

— of the Earls of Bridg- 
water 140—141 
Defcriptxon of the boufe and park 145 
Lift of Piftu res there 1 4 7— 1 5 1 
Epitaphs in Gadfden Church 

lafcriptions in St- Helen's Church, 

Abingdon 155 

Tour thro' the Midland Counties 157 
Smitheiby» Derbylhire 158 

Bretby 261 

Burton, Stafibrdihiie . 1(3 

Rollefton 166 

Tutbury Honor 169 

lis IS parks 174 

Befcription of the Caftle temp. 




Poem of Q^ Elizabeth 
Prcfent ftatc of the Caftle 
Dcnham*s Elcj^y on Judge Crool<c 1 77 
The Judge*s feat at Watcrftock 179 
A Vifit to Duke Humphrey's 

tomb at St. Alban^s 186 

Review of Gough*s Camden.— 

Gloucellcrfliire^ iRi 

Oxfordibire ' 182 

Bucks 183. 

Fuither account of Tillingham, 

Eflcx 187 

Arflc's Monument in Southacre 

Church i8t 

Mr. /Blore's Anfwer to B- Fs 
. reply 18^; 

Curious grant of Arms 192 

Topographical Paintings 193 , 

Ack now ledgements to Gorref- 

pondencs 194^ 


Embellilhed with elegant Ei%ravings of Ashridge Abbey — 
Tillingham Churcr and Vicarage — afid Arsic!s 



Tainted for R o b s o n, New Bond Street, J. Walker, Pater- 
jioiler Row; and C. Stalkeb, Stationers Court, Ludgate - 
' Street ; cf whom may be had Vol. I. now complete, withTwcUc*. 
Engravings, and a copioui IndeZi or anj fiogle Numbers.. 


T O P O G R A P H E R, 

For march, 1790, 

Being Number HI. of Vol. II. 

Art. I. Hijfory ofAJhrdige Ahleyy Bucks. 

AS BRIDGE is in the parifh of Pltflion, or Pitffiornc, m 
the hundred of CotQow, and Deanery of Murefley, in Buckfy 
and (lands between Tring and Ivingho, in the very edge of the 
County next Heftfordfhlre. It feems to have been a royal palace* ' 
But at length ^ 

Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, fon and heir of Rich. Earl of C. 
and K. of the Romans, fon of K. Hen. III. founded here a College 
fomReftor, and twenty brethren or Canons, cailkd Bonhommes 
whereof thirteen to be Priefts, in honor of the precious blood of 
the Holy Jefus, A. D. 1283. By his charter dated at Langet 
the 17 day of April, Anno 14 Edw. I, he gave to God and the 
BlelTed Mary, and the Parfon and fraternity of Bonbommts^ &c. 
bis Manor of Jljhridgi^ with Pitilone, and all other the appur^^ 
tenances which he had of the gift and grant of one Ulion Chendit, 
and the clofe of the Park of the Manor of AJhridgt within the 
pari(h churches of the blelTed St. Peter of Berkhamfted, and 
Pttjlone, and alfo the Manor of LittU Gadefden adjoining, (but ia 
Hertfordfhire) with all the appurtenances, as well to the lands ahd 
tenements which the Lord Geffrey Lucy held there, as of the 
lands and tenements which he had of the gift and graiK of Tbo' 
mas Ftattftoney belonging to the Manor, and alfo his Manor of 
HemelhempJIed^ with all the appurtenances, except the advowfeo 
of the church, and his warren, with the returns of the King's 
WritSi Pleas of Withemam, Pleas of the Crowui the goods of 

S felons 


132 Htflorj of AJhridgi Abbey ^ Bucks M 

felons and fugitives, the viewof frank-pledge, and all that doth 
belong to the faid view, the aflize of bread and ale, and with hue 
and cry to be made, and pleas of bloodflied, and all the homage 
and fervice of the Lord Geffrey Lucy for ail the lands and tene- 
ments i«hirch*be held of the Vill of Gaddefden^ and the homage 
and fervice of the heirs of Thomas Flaunden^ for all the lands and 
tenennents which he held in Heme!hemfted^ with the homage and 
fervice of Luce Louell^ for all the lands and tenements which he 
held of him in this vill, and aU the rights, liberties, and free cuf- 
toms, and' the homages, feakies, wards, reliefs, hereditaments, 
foreign fuits, cfcheatsj rents, fervices,*fuits of court, the fines im- 
pofed upon any of their fervnnts that (hall trefpafs in his warren 
in Hemelhemjled^ and alfo common of pafiure in his wood of 
Berkhamjled, called the Frith^ for all tbeir catile,. and fhall feed 
all their hogs in his'wood in their time of pannage, and houfe- 
boot and hay boot, (hail be free from roll in the borough of Berk^ 
bamfledy and all exaflionsand payment of tolls, making of bridges, 
fiallages, paflages and cuftoms, as his men of Berkhem/led and 
Wallin^ard every where (hall be, and that all the lands, tene- 
ments, and rents of the faid brethren (hall remaki in tlieir hands 
during the vsfcation of any xz&cx there^ and when they (hall eleft 
any Reflbr, the Bi(hop of the fame (hall confirm him, tho* he was 
not prefented by the patron ; and they (hall have all return of 
writs, and all pleas and fummons of the Manors of AJhridge^ Pit^ 
Jione^ Hemelhempjledy and Gadde/den^ and of the men belonging 
to the faid manois, and fhall hold the fame as his free, pure, and 
perpetual alms. 

This Earl Edmund brought thefe Bonhommei into Englandy who 
profcfled the rule of St, Augujiine^ and were according to the 
manner of the Eremitans clad iii fky-cobured garments. King 
Edw. Ill, by his charter Mar. 22, 5 Regn. fui^ confirmed ail 
thefe privileges to the ReAor and brethren of the Church of 


• Chauncy's Hcrtfordlhire, p. 550, 551. Dugrf. Mooaft. IF, p. 344, 
345. Ibid. Ill, p. I, p. 67, 68. Ibid. p. 69, cart. Edmundi Comiris 
Cornubi.e dc Maneriis de Ccflrcton & Ainlirofden, Com. Oxon. 

Vid. ciiam OrdiDacioncm Vicariai de Ivingho appropriat, Re£^ori et 
Fratribus A. D. 1420 MS. in rcgriftro R. P. Ric. Fleming Epifc. Lincoln.. 

Cart. 15 Edw. III. n. 5. pro 6nibus et amerciamentis Tenentium ia 
fifTcrugge, Pilachcfthorn, Hamelhamded, et Gadfdcn. 

Pat. 18, Edw. I. m. 13. Cart. 19 Edw. I. d. jo, vel. 11, in ceduU pro 
miner, de Ambrofdcn ci Ccftrcton (Oxon) lu 55, 56, 57, et 38. Cart. %a 


Hijlory of Afh^i^y ^^ri. V.'.'lu i^^ 

This Monaflery was a houfe of great reccl,:* n « '? *'me of 
King Edw, I, for that King held a Parliament here A 1. s't, 
regn. fui 19, where there was a great debate in the cafe of Mu. - 
gery, lace the wife of Thomas JVrpandy about the originjl ufe of 
Fines, and the neceffary ufti of them ; upon which it was recorded 
in a roll of that Parliament. Nee in Regno ijio prcvideatur vel Ji 
cKqua Securttas major vel folennior per quMm aliquis ftatum cer^ 
tiorem habere pojpt^ vel ad Jlatum fuum veriflcandum aliquod . 
folennlus tejUmonium producer e qua?n fincm in Curia Domini Regis 
Jevatum>, qui quidem finis Jic vocatur^ eo quod fini^ et confummatio 
omnium placitorum ejfe debet.'''' And tho* Mr* Puhon takes no 
notice of this Parliament bccaufe it w»3 of fbort contiaaance, and 
no aQ paffcd at that Sei&ons, yet feveral judgements were dvea 
there, as appears by the record, which made \t a Parliament, f 

Thefc Bonhomes held this Monaftery till 26 Hen. VIK, when 
they made their recognitioo of the Kiag*s Supremacy, the form'of 

Edw. I. n, 20 pra prifona ap»d Berchampfted, quod jufKciar. itin. tereant 
plac apud Pichelcfthorne pro Coronatore, et aliis libertatibus. 

Cart, i^ Edw. II, pro Ecclefia de Hcmelhempfted appropriaDda libera 
c^c£lione Reftoris etc. Ibid. n. 26. pro libera war rem in Afliridge, Pi- 
cticlfthorn, Ncttledeo, ec Hodetrhale, (Buck.) Hcmclhampftcd, Bovyndcn^ 
Berkhanpfted, Frychefden et Gatfdcn, (Hart.) Ceflreton, Ambrofdeo, ec 
filal^thorn, (Ozon.) Pat. 3 £d. JI, n. 34 vel 35 pro ecclefia de Arabrofdea 
approprianda Pat. S Edw. 1 1, p. 2, m. 9, pro cuHod. Hofp. S. Thomse 
Aeon Lnndin. Pat. 14 £dvv. II. p. r, m. 8, vel. 9. CUufs. 17 Edw. 11^ 
m. aS, d. pro Eccles. de HemelhempHed. Pat. 18 Edw. f I, m. '13* 

Carts Edw. lii, n. 69. 70, 71. 7»» P«. 19 Edw. !If, p. 2, ro. Pat. 10 
Edw. Ill, p. I, m'. 32 vel 33 de vaftis manerii de Hemelbcmded pat. 13 
Edw. Ill, p. I m. Fat. Ed. Ill, p. «, ra. 19 vel 20. Rcc. in Scacc. 21. 
Ed. Ill, Trin. Rot. Pat. 29 Ed. Ill, p. », m. 9. Pat. 28 Ed. Ill, p. a, 
19. Pat. 41 Ed. Ill, p. I, m. 16.. 

Pat. 1 Ric II, p. 3, m. 3. Pat. 11 Riclf, p. i. m. 27, proecclef. de 
Pichelfthorn approphaod. Pat 1^ Ric. II, p. i, m. 4. 

Pat. 3 Heb. IV, p. i, m. 8, pro ecclcf. dcCeHrcton appropriand. Pat. 1 
HcD V, p. 1, m. 30 proecclef. dc Evynhano appropriand. p. 5, m. pro ad* 
Toc.ecclef. de Ivinglioet appropriat.cjufdcm ex dono (ienrici Epifc* Win- 
ton. Pat« fi, Hen. V, p. 1, n. 18. 

Pat. 10 Hen, VI, p. 1, m. a. Pac. 21 Hen. Vf, p. 2, m. 3a. 

Kec. in Scacc. i Hen. VI 11. Mich. Rot, 29. Vide etiam Ryleii P1ac« 
Parliam. p. 245 de Lit« inter Abbatiam ec Kan. fil. Hug. Dc Marelchal. 

BpKennet's Parocb. Antiq. p. 300, 301, et pafliin. Regneri Apuftolat* 
Bened. in Anglia tr. i> 165. Willis's Hiftoryof Abbies, Vol IT, p. 9. 
" . From Fanner's Notitia, p. 3 f 

• Inter placiia de Pari, apud Afiridge Ann. 19, Edw, I, Rot. 12.— 
Co. a Inft. fol. 51 f« Cbauncey 551. 

f Ibid. 

S 2 which 

134 Htfiory of Jfiridge Abbey^ BuAs. 

-which fisay be Teen in Chauocyy p. 551. Tlus hoafc tbeo ctm- 

TboDuas Waterhoufc, Re^or Roger Byrchlcy 

Thomas Hill William Downliam 

Elyas Bernard Richard Lawndcrs 

Michael Draper John Axftyll 

John Hatfield William Brook 

Rol>crt HetchiDgham Jofeph Stepoeth 

. Richard Gardyaei Richard Canaaft 

William Knyghton WiUiam Young. 
Richard Bedford 

Afliridge feems after the Diflblution to have become a royal 
palace^ and afterwards Nordea defcribcs it as the place, " wherein 
our moft worthy aod ever famous Q^ Elizabeth lodged as 10 her 
owne, being then a more flaielie houfe, at the time of Wyaii's at- 
tempteiD Q^ Maryes dayes.*'* .In 1554/ Elizabeth, being now 
become the public and avowed objeA of Mary's averfion, and 
being openly treatH with mnch difrefpeA and ysfolt, thought it 
moft prudent to leave the court, and retired to this her houfe at 
A/hridge.f During this time (he is faid to have been attended, 
among others by Sir Thomas Pope. 

In the mean time. Sir Thomas Wyat's rebellion broke out, in 
oppofition to the Queen's match with Philip of Spain. It Was 
' immediately pretended that the Princefs hlizabeth, together with 
Lord Courtney, was privately concerned in this dangerous con- 
fpiracy, and that (he had held a conference with the traitor Wyat. 
She was inftantly fummoned to Court, but DOtwithftanding her 
Governors fent up word, that (he was too ill to travel^ Sir Ed- 
ward Haftings, afterwards Lord Loughboroogb, Sir Thomaa 
Cornwallis, and Sir Richard Southwell, attended by a Troop of 
horfe, were ordered to bring her to London. They found the 
Princefs fick, and even confined to her bed here at Afhridgo, 
Tet under pretence of the flriAoefs of their commiflion they ct>m* 
pelled her to rife ; and ftill continuing very weak and tndifpofed, 
fhe proceeded in the Queen's Litter by flow journics to London.^ 
After her reieafe- however (he feems principally to have lived, no( 
here, but at Hatfield. 

* Korden*8 Defcripcion of Hartfordfliire, written 1596, p. w, ed. 17*3. 
•-•Nichols's Progrcffes of Q. Eliz. Vol. I, 15551 p. 4. 
f Wirton's Life of Sir 1 homas Pope, and Nichols, utfupr* 
} Warton and Nichols, ut fupra. 


Hift^ry ifJfi^ligi Abl^y Bach. 135 

Qpcjca Eliiiibeth by letters pateD( d^ted ihe 2Q lanqarf, 17th 
of her reigo, gr9Qte() die Manor of A(hridgp to jfobn Dtuikjy aod . 
^ebn Ayfcm^i and their heirs. 

Which john Dudley and John Ayfcough by their indentqre 
dated Feb. 12, 17th of her reign, granted it to Henry Lord Chtp^ 
ney and Jane Lady Cheyney his wife, aod to the heirs of the L^ri 

This Henry^ Lord Cheyney^ did by his indenture graat it to Sir 
Robert NewiigaU and others to the ufe pf Jane^ Lady ^beyney^ 
and the heirs of her body, and 10 default of fuch ifTue, to the uie 
of the lady and her heirs ; and the Lord Cheyney di«d without iC* 
foe of his body, by which ineaBS this oianor came to the La^ 
Cheyney and. her heirs. 

Qi Elizabeth by letters patent dated Jul. 12, in the 32d of her 
reigrt granted the manors diGadfdin Parv^t suid Frithjder^ with 
the appurteaances to J^ne^ Lady Cheney, and her heirs. 

The Lady Cheyney^ Sir John Crofts^ and Dame Mary his wife; 
by indenture dated Nov 27, 44 Eti'z. bargained and fold tbe(e 
manors of AJhridge^ Gadfden Parva, Jfnd Frifden to Ralph Mar- 
Jbal and his heirs. 

Which Ralph Marjhal by indenture inrolled, dated the 7th of 
March^ 45 Eli%, conveyed them to Randolph Crew^ Thamai 
Chamberlain^ and their heirs ; and in Eaflcr Term i Jam. levied 
a fine of them to the ufe of the parties ; and in the fame term the 
had^ Cheyney^ Sir John Crofts, and Dame Mary hi$ wife, levied 
toother fioc of the manors of Ivingoe, JJheridge, Gadfden Parva^ 
Frith/dent and Northwood^ to the ufe of the fame parties and their 

Randolph Crew, Thomas Chamberlain^ and Richard Cartwright 
by their indenture dated 06t. zi, 2 Jam I. granted the manora 
of JJhridgey Gadfden Parva^ aod Friihfden, to Thomas,, Lord El- 
lefmere^ and the heirs male of his body, and for want of fiich heirs 
male to the ufe of the right heirs of the faid Lord EUeJmere for 


* Chuttttcy* p. 554.- The Manor of Lucies, which belonged to Sir Gef- 
frey Lucy, aod was conveyed to Edmond, Earl of Cornwall, and by him 
ffJTen to Aihridge Abbey, patTed after the Diffolution to Hfnry^ Earl rf 
Sjlfnti and afterwards to ^> Rohfrt Dormer, who 44 FJiz. conveyed it to 
JVbn Barnes and Robert Jamet^ and ihcy fold it to Lord EUeJmere. Ihld, 

The Manor of Great Codfden was granted i Hen Vll, to Thomas, Lord 
Stanley. The coheirs of Ferdinando^ £arl of Derby^ fold it to Sir Robert 


136 HiftdryofJJhridgiJbbrf^ Bucks. 

The life and charafter of Lord Chancellor Egertoo has beei^ 
givea in the Peerage, a book in every body's hands, more largely 
thaa is commoQ io that work. What is there, I (hall not re- 
peat. That which I diall mentioa will be from writers ia rarer 

This great man was fon of Sir Richard Egerton, of Ridley, 
in Chefhire^ (by Alice, daughter of Rich. Sparke, of Bickcrton,)' 
which Sir Rich, was fon and heir of Sir Ralph, (younger brother 
of John, anceftor to Sir Thomas Egerton, now Lord Grey de 
Wilton.) Sir Ralph was Efchaetor of Chelhire, and Ranger of 
De-La*Mcre Foreft for life; alfo Gentleman -U (her of the King's 
Bedchamber i Henry VIII, and married Mirgaret, daughter 
and heir of Ralph BafTett, of Blore, Co. Staff, (fecond fon of 
William BafTett, of Blore, fon and heir of William, of Blorc, 
by Joan, daughter and coheir of Richard Byron.^) 

Sir Thomas was entered a Student of Brazen Nofe, Oxford, 
about 1556, in his 17th year, where continuing about three 
years, he laid a foundation, on which to build profounder 
learning. Afterwards going to Lincolo's-Inn, he made a moft 
happy progrefs in the Municipal Laws, and foon became a 
Counfellor of note. From whence rifing gradually thro' all the 
great offices of the Law, he was at length appointed Lord 
Keeper, May 6, 1596. In which eminent office he continued 
the whole remainder of Queen Elizabeth's reign. At the accef- 
fion of King James, waiting on him at Broxbourn, in Hertford - 
fhire, he was there confirmed Lord Keeper, May 3, 1603; and 
July 21 following, was made Lord Chancellor, and a Baronfby 
the title of Lord ElUfmere. In 16 10 he was eleAed Chancellor 
of Oxford, and in 1616' (14 James I.) was created Vifcounc 
Brackiey. At length in the beginning of 16 17, fmking under 
the weight of years, he petitioned to reHgn, (as appears by his 
letter printed in the Cahqla, and the Peerages) which the king 

Cecilf who granted it to Jdolph Cary, of Berkhan^fted, £fq. and from him 
it paflfcd to Sir \Philip and irr Henrys hit brothers, who fold it to Urd 
BXUfmtre. lUd. p. 560. 

* VifitatioD Co, Stafford, in Brit. Muf. This is thus infixed upon 
here, becaufe the BafTet arms are generally feen quartered with the Egercoo, 

▼iz. O. 3 piles meeting in bafe G. on a canton A. a Griffin Seer. S* 
quartering £ G. a croiT Erm. Beke. 3. Dethick 4. Vaire A. and S* uUig" 
ndL 5. S. t lion ramp. A. Evfrdon. 6 Bendy of 6. A. and G.-^. O. on 

a bend B. 3 annulets O.-^ crofs crofllec fitchy B.<— More of the Baflets, 
under £/or/. 

Hifivri rfAfltrtdgi Ahhty^ Bucks. 137 

fuffered him to do^ parting with fo old a fervaot with all inugin* 
able tendernefs, and (ignifying bis iatentioa to create him aa 
EarL In his h^gh office he was fucceeded by LiOrd Bacoo, who 
had long been waiting for his death, but whom, it is faid, Eger- 
ton wi(hed (hoald be his fuccefTor. However, Weldon, a (caa- 
dalous writer, not often to be trufied, gives a different acconnty 
in his Court 0/ King James (p, US-) 

** Next Kgerton," fays he, *' had difpleafed him, (Bucking* 
ham,) not giving way to his exorbitant defires ; he went onr, 
and would not let him feale up his dying eyes, which be had 
fo long carried, and fo well difcharged; and to defpite him the 
more and to vex his very foul, in the laft agony he fent Bacpn 
his defired fucceflbr, one he hated, for the (eales, which th^ 
old man's fpirit could not brook; but fent them by his owa 
fervant to the King, and fhortly after yielded his foul to bis 
maker." • 

He died at York-houfe, in the Strand, Mareh 15, i6i|, and 
was buried at Doddleflon, in CheOiire, where he had a feat.^ 
<* He was" fays Wood,t '* a moft grave and prudent oian, a 
good Lawyer, jnft and honed, of fo quick an apprehenfion alib» 
and profound judgement, that none of the Bench in his time 
went beyond him. His memory was much, celebrated by epig- 
rams while he was living,:^ and after his death all of the Long 
Robe lamented his lofs. We have his picture drawn to the life 
in the habit of Lord Chancellor, fitting in a chair hanging in the 
gallery belonging to the Bodleian Library, called the School-gaU 

Fuller in his Worthies draws the following charaAer of him. 

•« Olaus Magnus" fays he, <« reporteth that the Emperor of 
Mufcovia^ at the audience of Embaffadors^ fendeth for the gra^ 
Vijt and feemliejl men in Mufco and the Vicinage^ whom he ap- 
parelleth in rich vefts and placing them in his prefence pretcndeth 
that thefeare of his Privy^Councilj who cannot but be much 
afiejled with fo many reverend afpeds. But furely all Cbriften" 

• See Vol. I. p. i«6. 

f Alb. I. col. 418. 

} Vide in Epigram. Jo. Stradlmg, lib. 3. p. 99. lib. 4. p. 141. et 
in Epigrafh. Johannis Dunbari Megalo Britanni, Cent 2. £pig« 5a.— See 
alfo Ben Jonfon*s Poems, &c. 

\ This pi Aure ftill hangs there, bat it feeins very inferior to, and indeed 
a copy of, one, now at Wootton, in Kent, the feat of a defceivdaor, by the 
female line. 


138 Wfhry ^ .^hrHgt Jbhij, Such. 

iom affar Jed not a per/on who carried more gravity in bis coutttenance 
mfd behaviour, than Sir Thomas Egirton^ ioJomach that maay 
have gone to the Chancery on purpofe only to fee his ^enerabh 
gari (happy they who had no other bafmefs) and were highly 
pleafed at fo acceptable a fpeeiacle. 

Yet was his outward cafe nothing in compariron of his inward 
abilities f quick ivit^ folidjudfement^ reaif utterance. 

It tS given to Courts vrhoK Juri/diffions do border, to fall oa( 
•bout their bounds, and the conte/i betwixt them is the better, 
the higher the Jpiritrtni parts dt the refpeSlive fudges. Great 
^ Ae contention for many years together betwixt this herd rf 
Epiity and Sh* Edward Coke, the Oraek of Juftice at Weft- 
itotfiAer Hall. I know not which of them gt)t the better, ftire I 
tf/ta fncfa another vi^orj wonld. (if this did not) have undone the 

*^ He was attended by fervants of mod able parts and was the 

Jole Chancellor fioce the Reformation, who had a Chaplain who 

(tho* not tmmediateiy) facceeded him In his place. He gave 

0ver his office, which he held full twenty years,f (bme few days 

before his death. 

** When he faw King James {o profufc to the Scbts, he IHcked 
iiOl often to tell hiih, that as he held it neccffary for his Majejty 
aUDpIy to remunerate thofe his countrymen^ fo he defined him care- 

* BUckfloQc (in his Corom. III. p. 53^} givet this accouat of the 
^fpute. ** In the time of Lord Ellefmcre arofc that notable difputc be- 
tween the Courts of Law am) Equity* fet on foot by Sir Edward Coke, 
then Chief Tunice of the Court of 'King's Bench $ whether a Court of 
Kquicy could give relief after or agaidft a Jud^mcDt at the Common Law. 
This coQteil was fo warmlv carried on, that indi6tmeats were preferred 
againft the Suitors, the Sollicitors, the Couafel, and even a Mafter in 
Chancery, for having incurred a prctmunire^ by queftioning in a Court <rf 
Equity and* Judgement in the Court of King's Bench, obtained by grofs 
fraud, and impoticton. This maner^ being brought before the King, was 
l»y hiro referred to his learned Council fur thck advice and opinidof who 
• reported fo ftrongly in favour of the Courts ot Equity, that his Majefty 
gave judgment on their behalf: but not contented with the irrefragable 
reafons and precedents produced {>y his Counfel (for the Chief Juflice wst 
clearly in the vn-ong) he chofe rather to decide the qeftioa by referring it to 
the plenitude of his royal prerogative." 

Tne Chief Juilict behaved brutally, and is faM to have atftropted t# 
torment the Cliancellor with his threats and ilUtempcr^ when ht was lyikig 
iick apparently on his death-bed. 

t The Chanctllors who have iat loogeft on the btnch« ha? e Iwen Ei^mna 
and Hardwiclte, 


fully to preferye faU Crmn-Jands for his own fupport, feetog he 
or his fu€€€jfirSi might meet with Parliaments which would not 
fnpply ^ii cccafions but on fuch condstians as woo^d not be ?ery 
atoeptable unto him. 

It was an ordinary j^r«c/& in his moutb to tAj,fro/l ^aii fraud bolih 
end in FeuJ:** 

The Chancellor's wives and iflbe are mentioned in tl^e Peerages. 
I (hail only repeat that his third wife was Alice, Conntefs of Der- 
by, daughter of Sir John Spencer of Alchorpe, Kt. and widow of 
FerdioandOy Farl of Derb^, a lady to whom I think the great Poet 
Spepccr in one of his dedications claims affinity; but what is more 
to her honour, a lady who was the eartiei^ patron of Milton ; for 
before her bis '* Arcada^ wu afted at Harefield, near Uxbridge, 
In Middlefex, then a fair houfe -of hers /landing on the fide of an 
hill \ in which neighboorbood, (at Horton, near Colnbrooke,) Mil- 
foil was then Tmng with his father.f The Counted died in Ja« 
nuary 1636, and Was buried at Harefield4 

This was prsbably theintroduAion of Milton to her fon-in-law. 
Sir John Egertoo, K. B. eldeft furviTing fen and heir of the Chan« 
cellor, who about two months after his father^s death was created 
Earl of Bridgewater, according to a promife faid to have been^ 
made to fab tether, who did not live to enjoy it. This Earl was^ 
doubly the Coiintefs*s Ton in law by marrying Lady Frances Stan- 
Iqr, daughter and oohdr pf her former hufband Ferdinandoi Earl 
01 Derby, by her. 

The Earl of Bridgewater was appointed LordTreiident o£ 
Wales by Charles I, at Theobalds, May 12, 1633.$ As this ap- 
pointment produced Milton's immortal Omus^ the account of it 
firoi^ Warton will probably be infinitely more interefting, than 
any tranfcri|>t from the Conmion Peerages, iince even where it 
contains only what has been faid before, it gains a fan£Hon fipom 
the exqniiite tafle and judgment of the writer, whidb comoxpn 
books could not give it. 

** I have been informed, || fays he, firom a Mannfcript of 
Oldys, that Lord Bridgewater being appointed Lord Prefidcnt of 

• Puller's Worthies, Chtjbire^ ?• «77- Copied «1^ in Loyd^s Worthici, 
P- 757. 

^t Wsnon's JureDilePoemsofMiltOD, p.^6, t09. Norden^s Sfcealum 
Brinnniae, written ebout 1^90. 

X^ Warton, ut fupr. p. i|o. 

\ W^t o o, mfupfr p>^i.33. Rymcr*sFad€ra,Tonl. xix« p*449« 

(I P. «i3- 

T Wales, 

I40 ^ Htfiory of4/hrt4gi Mij^ Bttcks. 

Wales, entered ^poa his official refideoce at LudUw Caftk wltb 
great (blemnity. . Oa this occafioa be was atteaded by a large 
ooocourfeof the DcighbouriDg oobility and gentry* AiQCOg the 
rcll came his children ; in particular^ Lord Brackley, Mr. Tho* 
mas Egeiton and Lady. Alice 

To attci^d their father's ftatc, 

And new intruded fcepter • 

They had been on a vi(it at a houfe of the Egertoo family ia 
HerefordQiire ; and in paillog thro' Haywood Foreft were be* 
nightedy and the Lady Alice was even loft for a (hort time. This 
accident, which in. th^ end was attended with no bad oonfe- 
quenccs, furnidied the fubjeft of a ma(k for a Michaelmas fefti- 
vity^ and produced .G^^i^^*" 

•* John Vifcount Brackley,* (the third fon of the Lord Pre- 
^fident,) who performed the part of the Firft Brother in the Ma(k» 
fucceeded to his fatheris inheritable titles, ^nd was at length of 
the Privy Council to King Charles 11. Hedied aged 64^ in 16S6. 
He was therefore only twelve years old^ wheo jieaAed in Comus. 
And his Brother Thomasy who played the Second Brother^ was 
Hill younger. Hence ia the dialogue . between Comus and ^^^ 
Lady, V. 289. 

Com. Were they of manly prime, or youthful bloom ? 

Lad. As fmooth as Hebe's their unrazor'd lips. 

** Chauncy, the hifiorian^ who was well acquainted with Joftn 
Lord Brackley, fays that he was a nobleman of the mof^ valuable 
and amiable qualities. ** He was," fays he," of a middling 
ilature, with black hair, a round vifage, a moded and grave af- 
pe£t, a fwcet and pleafant countenance, and comelj prefence. He 
was a learned man, and delighted much in hi^ library ; and was 
endued with all the rare accompliihmeats of virtue and goodnefs ; 
▼ery temperate in eating or drinking, complaifaat in company, 
fpoke fparingly, but always very pertinently; he was very fnous 
to God, moft devout in his aAs of religion, and firm to the Church 
of England ; he was very loyal to his Prince ; wary in Council, 
mod affc^licnate to his lady, very tender to his children ; remark* 
able for hofpitality to his neighbours ; his charity to the poor ; his 
liberality to ftrangers ; true to his word, faithful to his fiieud| 
ftridl in his jullice, and punctual in all his aflions/' 

• Wanon, uc fopr. p. 113. 


Hiftery of AJhridgi jfiheyj Bucku 141 

The account of his pcrfon, continues Warton, perfeftly cor- 
refponds with Milton's defcriptioa of his beauty, while a boy : 
and the panegyric we may fuppofe was as juftly due to his 
younger brother Thomas. Comus, V. 298. 

• •** Their port was mbrp than human, as they ftood i 
" I took it for a faery vifion 
•' Of fome gay creatures of the element, 
** That in the colours of the rainbow live, 
'*• And play i* th' plighted clouds, I was aw-ftruck, 
** And, as I paft, I wprftiipt. 

Again, the lady requefts Echo, v. 236. 

" Canft thou not tell me of a gentle pair, 
• « That likeft thy Narciffus arc ?♦ 

** Mr. Thomas Egerton abovcmentioned, who performed lh« 
part of the Second Brother, was a fourth fon and died unmarried, 
at the age of twenty three. 

** The Lady Alice Egerton, probably fo named from her 
grandmother the Countefs Dowager of Derby, who afted the 
kldy in Comus, was the eleventh daughter, and could not now bo 
more than thirteen years old. She rojirried Richard, Lord 
Vaughan in England, and LorJ Carbury in Ireland. She died 
'Ivithout children." . " 

" All that L have mentioned, and many more of the family lie 
buried under a (lately monument in the church of Gadefdcn, ia 
Hertford/hire^ but bordering on Buckingbamjhire. There is a long 
infcriptioh to. the memory of the father, the Lord Prefident of 
Wales; who died 1649, ^"^ aroongft other moft refpeSable ac- 
compKflimcnts, is there faid to have been «« a profound fckolar.** 

• " In the NcwcalUc Book on Horfcmanfliip, there is a print of this 
Earl of Bridgewater and his Counrefs, grouped with others. I inform the 
Lovers of Comus, (adds Warton,) thac there is alfo a large mezzotincp' 
plate in quarto of this Earl, done in 16S0, from a pi£ture by W. Claret^ 
an imitator of Lely, whichlMieve is at AJbridge,^^ Ibid. p. 346. Ihii 
picture is not now ap A/bridge, I fufpeSl it is the very one which is at St. Al' 
ban's, in Kent, the feat 0] W. Hammond^ Eja, (a dejcendant of the Eari.) See 
Top. Vol. I, p 565. That pidurh exa^fy anfwers tite defcription of the 
^arfs perfon hy Cfiuncy. . At the {ami plafe^ is a Jmall pi&ure of the Chan* 
cellar painted on copper^ in his rohes^ in tliat houfe are aifo fcveral valuable 
portrait^ of the Hammond family by Corneliui Janfen* Editor, 

T a It, 

142 Hi/l9irf 9f 4/krU^e Mey^ Buchr. 

It was lucky that at lead the chief perfon of tbe aQ4ie|ice wat ok 
pable pf uaderftaudiag the many tearoed ailttlloos of this Drama. 
The family lived at Ajhridgi, ancieotlj a royal pabce, in the pa* 
ri(h of Gadefden,* and ftill inhabited by their iliuftriousdeToeDdaac 
the Doke of Bfidgewater," &c. 

^* Tbe two young noblemen, John, Lord Brackley, and Mr. 
Thomas Egerton, were praQitiooers in the bnfinefs of aAing 
Idafques ; and altho' fo very yonng, had before appeared on aa 
higher ftage. They aAed in a Mafqne called Caeloiu BritannicaiD, 
written by that elegant poet, the rival of Waller, Thomas Carcw, 
and performed in 1633 in the Banquetting Houfe, at Whitehall, 
on Shrovc-Toefday Night. See 0^1-ew*s Poems, p. 215. edit. 
1651. It 18 more than probable that they played among the 
young Dobiliiy together with their fitter, the lady Alice in Jr^ 
cades. Where fee v. 26. fcq. Their fifter, Penelope E^rton, a 
fixth daughter, a6led at Court with the Queen and other ladies, 
in Jonfon's Mafque of ChUridia^ at Shrovetide 1650.. See his 
works, Vol. VI. zii."t 

The Lord Brackley^ afterwards fecond Earl of Bridgewater^ 
married July 22, 16424 I-^dy Elizabeth Cavendiih, daughter 
of William, the famous and loyal Marquis (and afterwards Duke) 
of Newcaftie, This lady was an uncommon example of beauty^ 
piety and every human perfection. In proof of her devotion, 
*^ wicnefs'' fays her epitaph ^' befides feveral other occafional me- 
ditations and prayers tuU of tbe holy tranfports and raptures qf 
a fan^tified foul,^ her divine meditations upon every particular 


* The gardens Vk^ part of cbe outlioufes tre faid to be in this pahfli* but 
the manfion itfelf is in /VVyfoft farijb^ which ii xn-^uch. Editor, 

t So far War(oo> p* i i4f uc fupr. 

X See Lawes*s ** Ayre& and Pialogues for one« two and tbree voices'* 
i6^3y in which the words ot the numerous lon^^s are by i^me of tlie moft 
eminent Poets of the time; and among tlu: reft is a Poem by John fiirken* 
head called «• an Anniverfary on the Nuptials of John, Earl of Bridg- 
water," p. 3 J. Lawes, at well as Milton, was parroniftd by the Earl of 
Bridj«water, the father^ two of uhofe daughters he taught to fing, &€• 
See Wartoo, p. 346, 347. 

^ On the ground of this Epitaph* Ballard has admitted her nio hit 
Lives of Learned Ladiei, p. 199, but fays he has fearched '< very carefully, 
iho* inefFc&ually, for fome concurrent teftimonies of her merit." The 
\niter ot this note has very frequently feen in the poflelHon of a defcendaat 
of the Covntefs, a MS. book ; concaining the Meditations, &c. allnded 
to in the above Epitaph, Which fiilly anfwer to the charadler t&re gittfn 6f 
them- Ic if a pretty thick 9ro. fiiirly written out by aa Ami&tteiilii, and 


^Ktfttry tf jiyhrU^ A^biy. Such 143 

chapter in the bible, vrritten with her own haed^ and neter 
(till fidce her (kath) fceo by any eye, bot her own. and her then 
dear, but now Ibrrowftil hu(baiKl» to the admiratioQ both of her 
. emiDcnt piety ia coiopofiog» aad her oKXiefly ia coacealiog." She 
died at the age of 37. 

The £arl defirtd to have it recorded on his tomb that ** he 
eojoyed almoft twenty two years all the happinefs that a tnaa 
could receive ia the fweet fociety of the beft of wives," and that 
from the time of her death ** he did wear out forrowfuUy 23 
yeai), 4 months, and 12 days/** and died OAober 26^ 1686, 
act. 64 1 

John, third Earl of Bridgewater» his eldeft fonij: was borti 
1646^ and died March i^, 1701, set. $5, ^^ mud ktminiii^ 
(as is faidin the Hidory ot England, Vol. UI. p. 825,)/^r a 
juft and g09i man, a faithfulfrund and wife courfeUor. He our- 
ried firft Jane, daughter and heir of James Craniield, Earl of 
Middlefex;§ and 2dly. Jane, eldeft daii^ter of Charles Pbwiett, 
Duke of Bolton, who furvived him, dyhig March 22, 1714, 
aet. 61 .11 By the latter he had feven fooa and two daog^fers; 
The two^rft were burnt to death in the great fire at Bridgewater* - 
Houfe, in Barbican^ In April> 1687. 

Scroop, thhrd foo and heir» was 4th Earl and firft Duke of . 

William 4th fon M. P. for Backs, &c* aod Col of the 
20th Regiment of Foot, left three daughters his cohdrs, Jane, 
wife of Thomas Revel, Efq. of Fetcham, in Sarrey, M P. 
for Dover, (whoTe heirefs married the prefeot Sir George War* 
ren, K. B.) Henrietta, Maid of Hononr aod Bedchamber. Wo^ 
man to the Priocefs of Wales ; and Anne, wife of Thomas RoT* 
fdl, D. D. Prebendary of Hereford, (in whkh Cathedral they 
both lie buried S. P.) 

. certified to be a tme eopy by the Earl bimfelf with his ovm hattd.-^Proba- 
bly a copv, fo written out and fign^d, w«8 delivcr'd by the Earl to each 
ot his children. The copy in quetlion came from iiis' 3d fon the Uos« 
Thomas^ Egenon* of Tatton*Park. 

* See the Epitaphs at large i-n Chauncy and the Peeraeet. 

t Philipot dedicated his " Origin and Growth of Heraldry 167*^ t^ 
this EarL 

t For an account of the Hon. Thomas Egertonj of Tattoo Paik> the 
3d fon, fee Top. Vol. I. p. 560, 5^7. 

§ See her Epitaph below. 

I There ii a porrrait of her, in the Hall at Hackw9od, in Hantf , the 
^te fif cb« Puke of Bolton. 


144 Hiftory of Ajhfidge Abbey ^ Bucii. 

Henry 5th fon was Biftiop of Hereford, &c. and died April i, 
1746, being fuddeiily taken ill of a pain in his flomach, while 
walking on Conftitution-Hiil, from whence being dlrried home 
to his houfe in Cleveland' Row j St. James's, he expired inftactly. 
His brot^iers the Duke of Bridgcwaicr, and Col. Egerton arc 
faid to have died in the fame manner.* He left iflue by Lady 
Elizabeth-Ariana, daughter of William, * Earl of Portland,* 
fi?e fons and a daughter. I. John, late Bifhop of Durham, who 
died January 13, 1787^ leaving ifTue by Lady Sophia Grey, 
daughter and coheir of the laft Duke of Kent, two fons and a 
daughter, i. Col. John Egerton, M. P. for Brackley, pre- 
fumptive heir to the Earldom of Biidgewater, who married 
January 13, 1783,.. the daughter of Samuel Haynes, Efq. but 
has no iflue. 2. The Rev. 'Francis Egerton, Reftor of Whit- 
church, Shroplhtre, and Prebendary of- Durham. 3. Amelia^, 
married to Sir Abraham Hume, Bart. II. Lieutenant Col. 
William Egerton, Clerk of the Jewell Office, &c, who died 
March 26, 17S3, leaving ifTue three ditughters, Ariana-Marga- 
rct, 00c of the Bed-chamber- \Vomen' to the Q^ueen; EliXabeih 
married February rg, 1783, ti3 Monfieur Saladin de'C'rans; 
and Ifabella Frances married March 18, 1783, to Richard Mas- 
ters, Efq. now M. P. For Cirencefter.' III. Henry, D, D. 
and Prebendary of Durham, now living, who is married but 
hasnoiflTue. IV, Charles, a Lieutenant-Col. in the Army, who 
has iflue the Rev. Charles Egerton, Rcftor of Waftiington, Co. 

Durham, who married in 17^9, the daughter of Leach, 

Efq. of Eflex ; Audrey ; Anne ; and Harriot Egerton. V. Fran- 
cis, who died S. P. VI. Anne, now living iingle in ' Berkeley 

VI. John, 6th fon of John 4th Earl, died unmarried. VIF. 
Charles, who died 1725, M. P. for Chipping Wicomb, leaving 
ifluc, I. Scroop of Salifbury, who left iflue, i. Scroop, who died 
young. 2. Dodingron, Lientenant in the ad troop of Horfe 
Guards, who died 1773, act. 23, S. P. 3. Elizabeth, wife of 
— — sHayter, Efq. ot Saliibdry. il. Dodinjgton, who is one of 
the Gentlemen of the Privy Chamber to his Majefty, and is 
married, but has no iflTue.f 

• Gent. Maje^. Vol. 16. p. 212. 

t The wiiterof this has been more particular in the latter part of thh x 
Gtnealogy, becaufe the Peerage is eiihcrdefiQieoc, or iocorrcdi. 


Hiftory of A/bridgi Jbbeyp Bucks. 145 

Scroop 4th Earl of Bridgewater was created Marquis of Brack* 
ley aad.Ouke of B^^lgewater, Jane 18, 1720. He died Janu- 
ary 1 19 i745» ^od was fucceeded by his eldeft fon 

John, 2d Ouke of Bridgewater, who died unmarried Febm- 
ary 26, 1748, aged 20; and wasTucceeded by bis only furviviog. 
brother • 

Francis, 3d Duke of Bridgewater, who is the prefeoC pofleflbr 
of Aihridge, bora May 2i, 1736, and is now therefore in hid year. The noble canal that goes by his name has immor- 
talized his memory ; the memory of a Nobleman, who even in 
the height of youth forewent the luxury of fortune, the pom.p of 
titles, and the fplendor of courts, to benefit futurity by a defign 
fo fublime as alone to confer the credit of. .the highed genius, 
and an execution fo bold, yet fo pa.tienr, as to give but flight 
hopes of its completion during his own life. His cotemporaries 
have not been blind to his fame. But the ftream of time, that 
fiream, which foon hurries almoA every thing elfe to the gulph 
of oblivion, will give the veHel which conveys his honours the 
greater ftrength, as it goes,^ and bear it at laft into the broad 
ocean of eternity. 

Defcription of the Houfe and Park. 

** The houfe of Bonehomes, called Aflccherugge,'* (fays Le- 
land I. f. 121,) of the foundation of Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, 
is about a mile oS Berkhamfied^ and there the King lodged/' It 
Hands in a moft noble park, iive m:les round, confiding of ground 
varied into hills and dales, covered with a fine turf, and fliaded 
with the fined trees of oak, beech, a(h, &c. It has truly the ap- 
pearance of an ancient Park, not like mod modern ones, which 
are too of ten patchwork, where the late enlargements are generally 
feen by the traces of former diviflons, and the trees are the remains 
of old hedge-rows. The front of this ancient manfion is dill en- 
dofcd within a Court, to which the entrance was thro' a handfome 
old gateway, formerly the Porter's Lodge, but large enough to 
contain feveral comfortable apartments, as vi^ill be hereafter men- 
tioned. As foon as we are wiihin the Court, we have a full view 
of the principal Front, of which an Engraving is now given. Along 
the middle part run the feven high Gothic windows of the halU 
On each fide are wings, which project a little, and have each a 

** Vires acquirit eundo 


14* HiJI$ry of Ajkriige Akiy^ Bttfki. ' 

Itrge embattled biy-wiBdow;.aad beyond each of thefe ettard 
otto wings, evidebtly of a later ereftion, haviBg each two of the 
zigzag-gable-ends of Q^EUzabethy (or James 1*$) rcigo. 

We enter thro' a porch into the pafTage, which io a College is 
called fT)t Screens ; on one fide of which is the iButtery- hatch ; 
OQ the other the two doors into the Hall, whicif was part of the 
abbey Itielf. It is a noble fized room^* very lofty, with a wooden 
coved fret* work roof. It is crowded with flags horns, and a large 
gallery over the fcreens* In the windows are a few arms,t viz. 

Petret as born by Sir Wllltam. 

A. a Uon rampt. and bordure G. (probably meant for Edmitad 
ef Cornwall* tho* not exaafyhis.) 

Royal arms femal times. 

lietumtng into the Screens, we jpafs thro* into the Cloyflers, a 
wonder (ill ctHriofity, which were alio part of the abbey kfelf. Thefe 
Cloyfters form a quadrangle, and are arched with Tatenhall (lone, 
with the arms of the abbey in the centre ; alfo the arms of New- 
htrghf and one or two more coats. Roond the fides was bean* 
nMtf painted in water-colours, the hiftory of oar Saviour b 40 
compartments, of which the greater part are now entirely de« 
faced ; fome however of which remain. We could difting!;dfli 
the Grucsfixien, and the taking doxvnfrom the Crofs. The damp, 
probably occaiioned by the Refervnr of water, which the Cloyf- 
ters farr6und, has done much damage. The church ftood ia the 
garden raoging«witli the Cloyflers j: 

Returning into the Hall, we palTed thro* a door at the opper 
end, into a pafTage, on the left of which are feveral rooms, now 
much injured by the damp, and uninhabitable. While they were 
in good repair, there muft have been in them a gloom, peculiarly 
foothiog to romantic imaginations. 

This paflage led us to the ftalr-cafe, which is hung with old 
portraits, &c. too much neglcfted. We recognized at the farther 
end, the portrait of the Chancellor in black, the feals by him, 
feemlngly a fine piQure, but much decayed.^ 

* Mr. Gough in hit Add. loCamd. toL I, 'p. 3x9, Liyi only 44 feet, by 
%tl tt appeared /• us much larger, 

t Mr. Gough fays •• }uU of armsr 

X Goagh, ut fupr. 

^ It is«xtr«>ri|iDary thatth^ face of the Chancellor is /« tMrk*d\n 4II 
his pi6birei« that it is impoiHble to mifiake him. It proves the pi^ures* 
fiQce all agree to be all like the original. TYitifrmarked feacnres are ftill 
retained by many of his pofterity« 


tiiftory rf AjhridgB Abbey ^ Suds. 147 

l^rom heoce tire pafled into the gallery. This has two fides^ 
t^ver two fides of the Cloyfter. The other two fides are divided, 
into fuitcs of rooms. 

The fii^ft fide of the Gallery 

cohtains the following portraits, moA of them much injured by 

LaJfy Frances Egerton, wife of Sir John Hobart, Bart. S. P. 
daughter of the firft Earl. 

Didy Mary, bet Jifter, wife of Richard, Lord Herbert of 

LaAf EHxabeib^ another fifter, wife of David, Eari of Exeter, 
from Whom is defcended the prefent Earl of Exeter. 

Lady Cetilia Egerton^ died unmarried. 

Lady Arabella, wife, of Oliver St. John, Earl of Bolinbroke* 

Lady Catharine Egerton, wife of Sir William Courteen* 
' ^ueen Elizabeth. 

Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I. 

Maria, Infanta of Spain. 

Katberine, wife of Sir John Harcourt. 

James Ley^ Earl of Marlborough. He was an able and learned 
Lawyer, younger fon of Henry Ley of TefFont Evias in Wilts ; 
became a Commoner of Brazen Nofe College, Oxford, 1569 ; (the 
College in which Chancellor Egerton had ftudied, 13 years be- 
fore him) and removing to Lincoln's Inn, became a Counfellor of 
great repute, was ^lled Seijeant at Law, i Jam I^ Chie( Juftice 
of the King's Bench in Ireland the year following, and 18 Jaou 
I, was made Chief Jufiice of the King's Bench in England. In 
22 Jam. I, he was made L6rd High Treafurer of England, &c. 
and a Baron^ and i Charles I, was created Earl of Marlborough* 
He died Mar. 14, 1628, and was buried in an ifle adjoining to the 
church of Weflbury in Wilts. He was a perfon of great gravity, 
ability, and integrity, and of the fame mind in all conditions. He 
left behind him feveral learned works, both in law and hiftory, 
for an account of which fee Wood's Ath. I, col. 526* Dugd« 
Bar. II, 455, &c. Hisgrandfon James, Earl of Marlborough, 
was a learned man, particularly in the Mathematics, and died 
1665. He was fucceeded by his uncle William^ who died 1679, 
S. P. when the honours became extinft. 

Judge Manwood, He was Chief Baron of the Exchequer* 
Born at Sandwich in Kent, 1525, died 1592. See an account 

U » of 

X48 ' Htjory.if A(hridge Abhey^ Buds* 

o£A«i andaa eograving.of his monumeDt, ia the church of 

HackiDgtoo, next Canterbury^ in Boys*s Sandwich. Fart. I9 

p. i4S- 

** Sir Chrijfopher HattonJ^ Lord Keeper, faid to have been ad. * 

Tanced by QjL^^^^^^^^'^y ^^ ^^^^ ^%^ office, for his fldll in dancing. 
*• The Qtieen lovfed hirti well for his aAivity, better for his paru^ 
beft of all for his abilities, which were as much above his ezpe* 
rience, as that was above his learning, and that above hlS edu- 
cation/'* H« died 1 59 1. 

«' William Cecily Lord Treafurer^'* ^ chamber too well known 
to be repeated here. 

<< Sir Francis Walfingham^ the able and tlhiftrioss Aatefmaa 
of Q^ Elizabeth, an honour 10 his native county of Kent He 
died 1590. Hiseldeft daughter Frances was fuccei&vely matched 
to three matchlefs men, Sir Philip Sidney, .Robert, Earl of EfTez, 
and Richard, Earlof<^Ianrickard. . . - ^. 

At the end of the gallery, we pafs thro' a ftiite of rooasi over 
the next fide of the Cloyfters. 

Jo the firft {toorn* 

" AUci Spencer^ Csuntefs of Derby^'* befcMre whom MiltOn^a 
Jrcades was afted. See befone. 

" The Earlof Dirby^*' probably Earl Ferdinando, fuppofed 
to have been poifoned. , 

Agentlnnan of the name of Ravenfcrofu Of this name was the 
ChanGellor^s lirlt wife, the mother o^his children. 
•' *' • Counte/s ofDerby^' daughter ef Henry Clifford, Earl of Cum- 
{^lahd, and Lady Eleanor Brandon, daughter and coheir /of 
Ciharies Brandon, Duke of Suffolk, and Mary,^ Queen Dowager of 
France, daughter of Hen. VIL She was mother, of Earl Ferdi* 
nando, juft mentioned. 

" Robert^ Lord Spemer^** nephew to Alice, Countefs of 

* <« Francis Norreysy lajt Earl of Berkjbin d that name,"f 
great grandfon oFthat Sir Henry Norreys, who lofl his life witji 
Queen Anne Boleyn. Born about 1574, created £arl of Berk* 
ihire, 28 Jan. iSrJam. I. On Feb. 16, next enfuing, (the Par- 
liament then fitting) {landing in the eptrance to the Lord's hou(e» 

- • Loyd's Worthies, p. 514. 

. . f The only Earl of that name. Yet I think there is another pi&ure here 

>lth the name of Francih &arlof Btrybire^ 


Hi/lory. of JJhridgeJfbbey 9 Bucks. 149 

in difconrfe with fome of his fervants, (»he pafllge beiug narrow)* 
the Lord Scroope, going by, jodled him 9 little, which fo moved 
hitn that he rudely thruft before him, (the houfe being fat and 
the Prince there) whereupon he was committed to the Fleet. 
AnJ that not long dfier (for it was the 28th of January ao J^mes I,y 
being a perfoa of ib great a fpirit that he could neither bear fdmc 
'injuries, which had made a deep impreiSon on him, nor find out 
a proper way for remedy ; he mortally wounded himfelf in the 
face and neck with a crofsbow, in his houft at Rycot^ In OxTord* . 
fliJre, and died on the Wednefday following Lord Abingdon \i 
defcended from his heirefs. Dugd. Bar- II. p. 404. 
, " Mrs, Frances Cutler ^ daughter to Lacfy Margaret Culler.^ 
See before. • 

jinotber picfure oft^e Cbanr/llor. 

" a?arles Prince c/FTales." 

** Sir JViUiam Herbert, Earl of Pembroke;^ mofl: probabfy 
he, who was Chancellor of the Univcifity of Oxford, elder brot- 
ther of Philip, the memorable Simpleton, (as he is fomcwhcre* cal- 
led.) . .. 

" Lord Clarendon'* the upright Chancellor anJ Hiftortan. 

** Sir James Stanly,''* probably he who was afterwards the 
loyal Earl of Derby, and beheaded by the rebels. 

*« Judge IVittiams 1581," a thin fpare face. The date feems 
wrong.. David Williams was appointed a Judge of the* Errrg^ 
Bench, February 4, 1603. I have feen an handfomc monument 
for a fon of Judge Williams, ia the Church of Winchcpmbe, 
Co. Gloucefter. 

« King Jam^s.'' 

•* Frances Countefs of Bridgewdter** wife of^the' fir ft Earl, 
daughter and coheir of Ferdinando, Earl of Derby, and of courfe 
dcfcended by heirefles from K. Henry VIL 

" Ladj Magdalen, wife of Sir Gervafe Cutler**^ 

• The hade with whkh wc were oliliecd to ttotc the names of the pic- 
tures, rendered it imponible to mark^allo.the features, drcfs, &c. which 
foon therefore vanifhed from the memory ; and thofe being gone, it i^ofceft 
impo(iible to afcertato the perfon. The principal ufq of fuch Liils is as 
% Uirtdlory to thofe who wiih toJcnow where the portraits of cmincst people 
gfip tp be foMnd. 

150 Jtiftary ofAJbridge AbUj^ Bucis. 

In a fmall pafTage Room 

Is a fpkndid genealogical tree of the family^ framed in the wain^ 
cot; with portraits, arms, &c. and the paternal coat at thp bot- 
tom with 84 quarterings. 

Over the third fide of the Cloyfter 

We paflTed thro' a fuit of four bed rooips, principaliy hung vfiih 
pid tapeAry; one of which is flill called Qpeen Elizabeth's apart* 
xnent. and has an anpent bed, laid not only to have belonged 
to her, but to have been moil of it her work. 

Over the fourth fide of the Cloyftqr 

Is another pifturc gallery ; whofe fartheft end joins the Erft galT 
^ry b^fore>defcribed. The windows are full of arms. Here aro 
portraits of 

V The Couniefs of Buckingham y*' mother to the famous Duke. 

" Jlice Sptncer^.Countefs of Derby y^ a fecond pifture. 

•* WklUam Cavendijh Duke of Ntvfcaftky whofe life aiid fha-r 
raAer arc well known. 

" Heiiry Cavendijh^ his fecond fon,'* (brother to the fecpo4 
pountvTs of Bridge water,) afterwards the fuccefibr to his father's 

" Thomas, youngefl fin of the firjl Earl of Bridgewater,** This 
was the SECOND BROTHER in COMUS. Will not the lovers 
of this exqiiifite Poem be pleas'd .to hear the portrait of this 
young man, is in pxiflence ? .' » 

• " Sir John Egerton. firft Earl of Br- ^ 

" Lady Elizabeth Caver dijh/* afterwards Conntefs of B, 

•* Charles Cheyney, Lord Newhaven^ who married anothq;* 
daughter of William, Duke of Newcaftle. 

** Lady Jane ^vendijh," afterwards Lady Newhaven, 

** Lady Frances Cavendijh ^ Couniefs of Bolinbrtkhe^ ' ^ 

*« Oliver St. John, EarlofB^linbroker ' 

•« Countefs of Denbigh:' 

«« The two elder brothers of the firft Duke of Bridgewater^, 
who were burnt to death. 

*« Hm- Charles Egerton, fourth fin of the fecond EarV* 

•* Lady Alice Egerton, Countefs of barberry ^ This was the 
l-ADY in COMUS. To this lady arid her fitter Mary when 
Lady Herbert, of Chirbury, Lawes dedicated his ** Ayres ank 
Diahgues fir one^ two, and three voyces, f^c. London^ ^^S3^ 


Uyiory ofAJbrtdge Abbey, Bucks. ISf 

fdl. Some paflkges ia the Dedicatiod will illadrate their accom* 
plifliments. *^ To the moA excellent fifters, Alice, Couateff^ 
of Carberie, and Mary, Lady Herbert, of Chirbury and Cafflc- 
Ifland) daaghiersjo John/Earl of Bridgewater, Lord Prefident 
ot Wales, &c.*' — No fooner I thought of making thefe publick. 
than of infcribing them to your ladKhip, mod of them being 
compofed, when I was employed by your ever honoured parcnlt 
to attend your ladifhip's (Alice) education in mufick; who, as in 
other ^accompli(hments fit for perfons of your quality, excelled 
noft ladies, efpecially in vocal muiic, wherein you were abfolute, 
that you gave life and honour to all I taught you : and that with 
more underftanding than a new generation (the Fanatics) pre^ 
tending toJkilU I dare fay, are capable of.*'* 

" Richard Faughan, Earl of Carbery*^ hufband to Ladf 
Alice, who was his fecond wife. This Nobleman was fon and 
heir of John, created i8 James I* Lord Vau^han, of Molingar^ 
and by Charles L Earl of Carbery, (who was foo of Walter 
Vaughan, of GoldenrGrovey Co. Caermarihen, Efq. of an an- 
dent fnniily and ample fortune there. This Earl Richard was 
made K. B. at the Coronation of Charles I, and being a £rni 
loyalift was created Baron of Emlyn, in England, OAober 25, 
q[9 Charles L After thfi Refloration be was conflitured Lord 
Prefident of the whole Principality of Wales ; as alfo one of his 
Privy OouDcil.f The title has long been extinA in the Vang- 
bans and transferred into another family, who now enjoy it. A 
^mily of the name of Vaughan, ftill, I believe, pollefs Golden* 
Grove. Lady Anne Vaughan daughter and fole heir of John, 
E^rl of Carbery, (who, I prefume, was fecond fon, and at length 
heir of this Richard,) qiarried Charles, third Ouke of Boltoa. 
Therj: is. a portrait of her in the hall at Hack wood. 

*^ Lady Frances Cecily wife of Cooper, firji Earl of Shafijbury;^ 
daughter of David, Earl of'^ Exeter, by Lady hljzabeth Egerton, 
before-menppned/ $he was grandmother of the ** Author of tbt 

" He'niy Lord Herbert, of Chirbury,^* and younger fon (and 
heir to his brother Edward,) of Richard Lord Herbert, by Lady 
Mary Egerton. He died 1691, and with him the Barony dF 
^erbert of Chirbucy became extinA. 

* Lawes, as cited in Warcon, ut fupra. p. 141* 

j* Dug. Bar. li. p^ 47^. 

^ The 

t^\ Hijlory fifAJkriJlge yffSsy^ Bucis^ 

The arms in the windows^were thcfe. 

I. Carey, with x6 quartcrings, . /^ ^ 
2* Gray of Wilton, with its qtnarteriags, impaHog Gray oT 
Ruthin, quartering Fiaftings and Valence, (as ufoal.) 

3. Cecil, with fix quarterings. 

4. EgertoD and BafTett, of Biore, quarterly, both within one 
bordare engrailed S. which was the coat the Chancellor always 
ufed ; as I have often (etn on the feals of many of his letters, as 
well as in the windows of Lincolu's-Ing, &c. This coat was 
often repeated in thefe windows. 

5. Dudley, with its quarterings, impalm^ Ruilell, 1568. 

6. Powlett, with, the 16 following quarterings. Impaling How- 
ard, and its quarterings, date 1578. 

I. Powlett 

10. Port. Barry of 6, and G. 

2. Credy 

a Salder B. 

3. Delamare 

II. Aurevall. O. 2 bars and a 

4, Huffey 

fhield G* 

5. Poynings 

12. Hay. A. a fefs S, 3 mart- 

6. Rokefley B. a fefle inter 

lets in chief Q. 

6 lions rampant A. 

13. Roft. 

7. Keripllg^^pr Criol, 2 chevr. 

14. Skelton. B. a fefs, int* 3 

and a canton G. 

fleurs de lis O. 

8. Crevequer. 0% a crpfs Vol. 

15. Irby. A. fretty S. a chief 



9, St. Joba 

i6. Delamar. A. 6 martlets ^ 

2f I, S. 

One of the bay*window8 mentioned in front is occupied by ^ 
Tery large room, which is entered out of the gallery. 
• The library takes up the other, but this we could not fee. 

The lodge was fitted up as a temporary habitation for the 
.t)uke, at the time the houfe was intended to be rebuilt, whicji 
intention was fo near being put into execution, that many of the 
materials were prepared, and are ftill lying at the back of the 
houfe. It xonfifis of a veftibule, a neat dining and drawiqg 
room, and fotne comfortable bed-chambers. Here the Duke 
Jives, when he is at Ajhridge. 

At the back door of the manflon is a porch^ and fome arches^ 
of the old ftrufture, 

. The chapel b entered from the Cloyfters, and is/fmall^ but 


Hifiory dfAJhridgi Abbey, Such. 153 

The houfcis entirely furroundcd by walls, withla which is the 
old garden, much oeglefted, and growing wild. Hew arc large 
laurels and yew trees grown to an unufual fize.^ ^ 

We were not lucky enough to obtain an entrance into the 
church of Little Gadfden.f the burial place of the family. It 
has, as Chauncy.defcribes it,^a fquare tower at the weft end; 
(wherein, fays he, are four finall bells,) with a ftiort fpire upon 
it ; and both the Church and Chancel have fair cieBngs,^ are kept 
very neat, aiid are adorned with feveral' curious and fair monu- 

Thro' the window we could read tbe foUowiog imperfeft^in- 
fcrlption, not printed in Chauncey. 


** A grateful virgin, once that did inherit 
With nature's gift her father's generous fpirit. 
Who tho' of tender years,, yet did excell. 
In virtuous living, and in dying well. 
Here refts in peace 5 of whom its truly faid. 
She lived true fpoufe, and widow, dyed a maid j: 

The following epitaphs of the family are in Chauncey, (a rare 
and dear book) but not printed in the Peerages, and are therefore 
jnferted here* 

*•• To the Memory of , 

The late no lefs truly vertuous than Right Honorable the Lady 
Elizabeth^ Vifcountefs BrackUy, eldeft daughter of the Right 
Honourable James^ Edrl of MiddUfix, wifib to the Right Honor- 

* Mr. Gongh fays, feviral flooe coffins have been dtig up io the garden, 
and the foundations fliew it was a large pile. At the Diffolution the 
Abbev was valued^c 41 6L per ann« ' ' 

+. . if**^^ ^y ?^^*^* ^*y» 4»^fcfetf Church. There is, T prefurae, 
BO fuch Church. Salmon derives the name of ^^iVfe^* from \UEa»nn 
^'<?^- , , I ^ 

. X See Top. Vol* I, p. ia6, 127. 


^54 tlifioryifA/hrtJgeMhij^ Bucks. 

able Sir Joba Egerton, Knight of the Honorabla Order of t&e 
Bath, Vifcoant BrackUy^ eldeft fon and heir apparent to the Righc 
Honorable 7tfA», Earl oi Bridgewater % (he had ifliie one fon, 
John EgertoTiy who died in the ad year of his age, and one 
dLughtcr who died as (oon as (he was born, and both lye interred 
tpeether with their excellent mother. 

She was a ladjy pf a noble extraftion, and adorned with a tem- 
perate mind equal to her birth ; her perfon was lovely, nature 
having better provided for, her than art for others ; her wit was 
quick, and innocently free without afFeftation, her fpeech whether 
in the EnglMh or French tongue was modeftly gra^ue and gracefully 
delightful; (hewasanexaft obfcrvcr of whatever was vertuoui 
or noble, difcrcet or pious, civil or obliging; her clofet, the private 
chapel and public church did witnefs her devout, decent, and 
daily difcbarge of her duty to Almighty God 5 her con(lant and 
paflionate aflfeftion to her dear hufband, (who forrowfully under- 
mes the great affliftion of her lofs,) placed her amongft the beft 
of wives, and her meek and aflfiible converfation (whereby (he was 
ftill moft efteemed by thofe who knew her beft) amongft the beft 

iTthe morning of her age, (too bright to laft long,) (he found 
(even before her aoon) her evening, for after a fliort but (harp 
ficknefs on Thurfday, the 3d of March, (in her 22 year) in the 
year of oUr Lord God 1669, (he exchanged this mortal life for 

Tnv. 31, 30. A Wimian that feai^etb the Lord JbaU he 

In alTurance of a happy and joyful Refurreflion, 
Here lyeth interred 
» The Lady Anne Egerton, 

Who died the 27th of December, 1625, 

In the 8th year of her age. 

And was 

One of the daughters of the Right Honorable 

John, Lord Eilefmere, Vifcount Brackley, 

Earl of Bridgewatcr, by the Right 

Honorable the Lady Frances, Vifcountefs, 

Daughter, and one of the Coheirs of 

The Right Honorable Ferdinand, Earl 

of Darby/* 

in^ripUetts^ i^c. in Sh Hihtfs Churth,* jRinpkn. 15$ 

AiiT. II* Ii^riptionSp (^c. in St. Helenas Churchy JUngdA; n 
(From QUver's Mifctllanies^ No. 245^ HarL MSS. Brit. M^J 

" In the weft window of St. Katherlne's Ifle, io the Pari(h 
Churcli of St. Helen, in Abindoo, ia Cofli. Blark. dte thefc 
armes and infcriptions foUowiDg." 

The armes of the Ooke of Bedford, with fyve labells, &c. and 
his pi£tare% 

The artnes of St. Georg6, A. a plain crbrs G. The creaft t 
Ihield A, a crofs G. on a chapeau. 

The armes of King Henry V, and his piflure. 

The pifl^ure and armes of the Duke of Glotefter ; tik. Fraaiob 
tod £:ngland| a border A. 

Thti piAure and armes of the Dttke of CIarefi€6| viz. Fraoot 
■nd Englaod, with 3 labells, &c. . ' 

In the uppermoft part of the window^ 

The armes of Richard Beauchamp, Earl of . Warwick, and of 
Thomas MoQtaciiev fiarl of Sarumi 

The ihfcriptioQ. 

Henricas quarto quintus fiindaverat ?»Jiho,* 

Rex Pontem Barford fnper undas atqiie Culhamfbrd. 

• - • - - ^tts AbiogdoflMB manct - • - . - aiinis 

* 'thtft lines ire ifTTuc|ed to by Cainden, and tlie two (irft priated ih i 
Wote bj t5oiljgh, I, 147, LeUnd, (Itin. Vll. f. 64., b.) Uyi, ''Of aun- 
trent time thert was no bridge to paOe over Ifis at Ahandune^ but a feri^ 
and then was the ^iy from Gioe^er to London^ not through Aiendum 
.as it is noWy and fo to Uorchtjftrt but thorowg the notable towne a£ V'at^ 
iengejotdt, Ther w6re dyvers mirchauncis fenetc this paffage. X^jim 
perfon%s drowned at the Fe^y afore the bridge was made. The ioTiabitantS 
of Abhandtrttt aiked at the cource remedle for a bridgCi ahd obteyned. 

«• Pons inchoatus die S. Albani 

*' GcflTray Barbour, of Abbandunti gave monie ehefly tcward malfyhflf 
tbe btidge and procuring landes for the roayntenance of it* Ther wrougbc 
that fomer 3C0 men on the bridge. 

'' Sum fay at Ahhandune that Geffray Barbour was as the grtiteft founder 
of the Hofpitall of Sc HeUne. bum fay tha; Ofitjoha^iui de S. U^Um 
flboute that time had two daughtars, and for lakke of iflue of them ic 
ihoulde go to mavntaynaunce of the Hofpitall and the bridge. The land 
derolVd to that ule/* 

So tho* Henry V. had the honor of building Burford and Culhamlonl 
Bridges^ the former was begun by Sir Joho» of St^ Heieo's^and Gel3irey Bar* 


1j6 Jn/cripthnsf iSe. In St. Helenas Cburcb^ AUngdft* 

Pootem fit (uadaus, in caelo Rex /it habundans, 
: M. Domini que qoater, C# fcxtus, tumqae de - 

Oo the day of St. Aibooe, one Hoivchum layd the firft fl&ne. 
And never. faylcd to the end^ to heaven QK>t his ibnl vnxA* 

Pr»y for the foote of Geffrey Barber^ 
for he was the bridge's greateft helper. 
Pray for the foule of Thomas Tickhilly Mercer, 
For he was to the bridge a good helper, 
. Pray for the foule of Wry. Wefley, 
For his good — — — — — 

Geflrey Barbor's graveftone was removed out of the Abbey of 
AMfigdo*, and laid in this iffe with thh inicrlption. 

" Hie jacct Galfridus Barbor, Mcrcator D'Abendon Qnondam 
BulUvas Briflolfe, qui obiit xxl^ die menfb Aprilis, Anno. 
Dni. 141 7, Cujos anime propidetur Dens. An}en.**t 

* At 

DOUT WHS t large Contributor, aad indeed principal founder to both and to 
the caufewty between chenot as appears at large by a tablet hanging in tfate 
Hall of Chrift's tiofpitaU printe4 at length in a long note of Heanu^ to Le« 
land, VII. p. 79. 8o. 

The bed Artifta that cpuld be found were employed on this bridge, and 
every man . had a penny a day, which was the beflr wages, and an extraor- < 
dinary price in thofe timed, when the bed wheat was now and then fold for 
va pence a Quarter. 'Twae Kkewife in thofe times that. in thrfeaft*of the 
Fracerpity ot the Uofy Crofs in Abingdon they fpent yearly 6 calfs which 
cbflE'two (hillings and two- pence a piece^ 16 lambs at i a pence each, So 
capons at three-pence each) ao geele at ad^ each-; Soo e^s K ^d. per 
frandred \ bef^des many marrow boDcs» niuch fruit and fpicc, and a great 
ipantity of milk, cream, and ffour, all in proportion to the prices fpece« 
TLt^i and upoit thefe days of rejoycing wtthal diey us^d to have twelre 
^tnftr^ls, 6 from Covgntry, jind 6 from Maidenhead^ for which and for other 
"^{ti of the Fratcrnitv WtUiam Dyar, Vicar of Bray, in Berks, gave them 
•fif(i tenements in Eaji St, Helenas Street, three tenements in Weft St. Helen's 
'Street, aiid other lands in Ahingdon. — Hearne'i Vote to LeL utfufr. 

t Hearne in the note above-mentioned has printed this epitaph of JSar^ 
bouTf, nnd fays his body was tranflated from the Abbey to St. Helen's Church 
'in the moft folcmn manner.' " *Tis the great rc(pe£i, fays he, which 
the inhabitants of the town have for him, which hath prevented the def- 
tniftion of the brafs plate upon which the infcription is engrav'd ; other 
old monuments hatve been defaced and utterly deftroyed by Puritans^ Frtf- 
'Bftrrrans, and the reft of the whining crew, purely out of a vain idle conceit 
that the memory of no Roman Catholics ought to be prcferved. This town 
hath been famous for fanatirs, and 'tis no wonderthat thcie is fo little of 
Tuch kind of antiquities remaining &mo«ig(l them ; and yet thefe principre& 


Tcur tbr$* the AKdland Counties* 157 

At the eft end of the bM chappei lyeth ioterred Thomas Wood - 
vrirdy Efq. Viicomit of the Pope's Pallacc, and of the Court of 
Rome; Md Dame Marian his wyife, A^ D. 1530. Thecoatcs 
are a farlrier between 4 woodpeckers; the 2d a plain erode but the 
couiers cannot be defcearncd. 

In the middie of the fald cherch lyeth Ralph Boftock, oa whofc 
graveflone is writMi as followeth. 

^* Monumentum Radulfi Boftock, ex antiqna et clara Boftock- 
Oram fMBilia, in Com Cedrle oriundi; DefanAi 3^ die Auguftt 
A. D. 1556, Anthonio primogenitor aliifqae reli^Hs liberis '' 

In the window at the eft end of ths north ifle of the faid chnrch 
is written as followeth. 

^* Orate pro Thoma More, et Margareta ux. ejas, qui hanc 
fcneftram fieri fecernnt." 

The piftures of the faid More and his wyfFe are in the fame 
window, with tbefe armes; viz. A* a chevr. int. 3 znpllctts 
pierced S.* 

Leland VIL f. 64. fayt, 

**Si. Helen's was aparoche church, and to it thegrctyft refdrt 
of all the town*" * 

Chrift's Hofpiral, anciendy called St. Helen's, ojn the fdte pf 
Helen/low Nunnery, was founded by Geofrey Barbour and Sijr 
John De St. Helena, i Henry V, for fix poor men and fix poor 
women, maintained in it by the fraternity of Holy Crofs, (bunded 
hr building and repairing bridges and highways, and maintaining 
thtfoer. Sir John Mafon, who procured a charter for the town, 
ffcfounded this hofpiral 15531 for 13 poor men and women, and 
iiamed it Chrift*s Hofpital.f Cough's Camden, Add. I. 156. 

Art. III. Tour thro' thf Midland Cgi^ntieu 

( Continued from p. 94. ) 

From A(hby we continued oqr tour thro' Burtoi» upon Trent, 
a fiage of 9 miles, the former part of the ro^d as before Tandy and 
heavy. A retrofpeA view upon the church and caftle from th« 
firft eminence is exceedingly piA^efque, and the fine Aid ruins 

htTe not fo far previil'd upoD them m to ttth out of their mindi the ho-/ 
nour that it due to Geffrey Barhpwr^ which perhaps may be oiviog id foo^ 
neafurc to this, that they dooot helcive fiim to have been a rigorous Siaman 
C^lholic but rather ao enemy to the Pope." Hemrne utfupr. t9 vfhom I 
refer ikafe pho •mjhfor more mformaiion r<^arding this tridge^ fitfr* See alfo 
ius Lib. Nie. Scacc. 
^ GloTci^Mils. utfapra. f Se^Top. Vol. I. 4x6. 

X a appear 

ijS . 7««r tbrtf the MhBan4 ^tmtUs, 

appear togreat ^yantago. ImiDediately oa our Idl WQ {^0 WQ* 
Iley plealingly cmboromed in wood, which baa beea l^'fore M^ 
crihed incur excurfioo to Tatnworib, Vol., I, p. 519. Tbe 
fields, which we now faw for (osne time 00 our riglu and kfc» 
formed once a moit noble park, loflced there were foranrrly l«o 
parks ; one of whicb» lying further to the right, waa called ibe 
Old Pari, belonging to the Baron Zouch of Arhby, which land 
flill retains its name, tho* now nothing but a coomdoq fariB ; the 
other was imparked by William, Lord Hailingsii l^yUceiice ol- 
King E. IV, in the I4ih year of his reign. Thc^profpeft to aQ& 
left was all along extenflve aod interfpcrled with ^t Tillage fpires 
of Stretton, Appleby, Clifton, &c. And tho' q^ite confined oa 
onr right, yet at a fmall diftance below the hills, are feveral nobU 
feat3 and fine fcenery, Tiz StaCinton, the feat of Earl Ferrars i 
Caulk, the feat of Sir Henry Harpur ; and Formarke, that of Sir 
Robert Burdctt. More of which perhaps will be given to fa-^ 
tore, but at prefcnt we (hall haften forward. 

The village next vifible on our right, is pifhirefquely iituated 
about two miles from Aftiby. In a book of church notes in the 
Britiih Mufeum before quoted, w^ find the following account oi 
this place. 

** SiTiithefbic is placed in the fouthcaft fkirtf of Derby (hire, 
near qnto Afhbie old Parke, whear ryfeth the' head of Meafe 
broke^ which from foote to head maketh himfelf a tymitario 
judge betweene the two counties of Darbie aod Leiceder. Thi$ 
Smithlby is the Lord(bip uf the family of Kendat/' So f«r 
I^ys the manufcript. 'Tis true Ibe Kcndals were an ancieni 
family of refpe^bility, and had a Li'^ge ftone manfioo at this - 
place dofe adjoining the church, fome of whofe walls are Aill 
remaining, and the reft converted into a farm houfe Thiseftate 
fome years back was fold to the Harpur fao^ily, and is ftill the 
property of Sir Henry Harpur of Calke. The living is a dona- 
tire curacy, and has received the augmentation of Queen Ann*$ 
bounty. The Rev. Mr. Thomas of Raunfton holds it at prcfent.* 
The church is an old Aone tower-buHdln;;, but fmali, in which 
:ire fome rooQUtoents belonging to the Kcndals, which we In- 
fpe^ted. But firfl let us return to the above mentioned MSt 
which continues thus. 
** In the church ttvefe arms. Ar. 3 garbes G. 
B. 6 martlets or 3, 2« i. (Appleby,) 

B. a croflfe fretty O. and G. . ^ 

A* a chevron bci;wecn 3 mullca fable.— . ' 

T$ur thro* ^». ACdUmJ Couniiis. 1 5^ 

Qfiarterly xQaod 4th oo a bend A. 3 crofs crofiileiyS. ftd 

aod 3d G. a bordure cograilcd A. Temee of fleurs dejia.-^t 

Empaling A« a fcfs vairy O and G- betweco 3 water budgets S.«— 

Quarterly if| aod 4th, a fe{k chequy between 3 eagies dis- 
played. 2d and 3d. A fefs between 2 crofs crofskts ficchy ia> 
chief, and 3 ermine fpots in bafe. 

Another coat of the fame empaling quarterly, i(V, a crofa 
fretty. 2d, a crofs charged with 5 fleur de liz. 3d, 3 garbt, 
4tby a lion rampant. 

Di Bahpuy fuit jadis ianu de Smithfliet moruti 1350, // tUr^ 
four de March,*' 

None of thefe arms are now remaining except the ift and 3d' 
coat in a window. 

We traofcribed die following inftription on an alabafter flat 
fioae in the Chancel. 

%(c fatent corpora anfUtrlmt lEieitliall 2Lrm{ffer{ et 
jBnnae Urorf^ efu0, qui quiD^m ibdlUUelnntief olittt SajS- 
W intnQ0 3|unfi iinno iDominf ^€€€.€<t^ 

This is in the above MS. but imperfeA. 

On the fame flone are the figures of a man in armour, with a 
dpg at his feet, and a woman in the flowing drefs of the times. 

On the north <lde of the chancel is a handfome mural marble- 
monument^ Grecian, in which are the efiigies of a man and wo* 
loan kneeling, both in formal drefles of the reign of James Ui 

Underneath are the figuresjof 9 fons and 7 daughters* 

Below which, on a tablet of date is this infcription. 

APRIL, 1627/' 

* He wu 3t. 5?, in i66t, and hud ifluc Geori;e» who wit then married 
to Eliz, daughter of Thomas Peg^e, of Yctdefley, and had iflue Henry, 
at. i.— F(f. Q: Derb. 1662, HarU MSS. ^104, 

' . to 

«to Ttur thr9* thi Midland CountUs. 

In tfce body of the church are two flat atabafter fiooes, the 
figures defaced and the words illegible. 

The remaloiog Pbrilh Regifter does' not begia till 1679, in 
which we foood no memorial of the Kendalls. 

PurfuiDg now our road, and pai&ng thro^ a turnpike we iboa 
came upon a terrace that a£Fortls extenfive views each way, on the 
left into Warwicklhire/ &c. and on the right thro' a deep valley, 
^hich Jeads the eye over Repton, and its fweet fpire, tothofe vaft 
heights that frown amidft the Peak. Here the road divides the 
two counties of Leicefier and Derby, and we pafs by the Butt- 
Houfe, the property and refidence of John Simmonds, £fq. 
This is in the hamlet of Blackfordby, of which place Burton thus 
writes. ** Blaugherby, anciently called Blakefordby, in the 
Hundred of Weft-Gofcote. A great part of this town, (if not all) 
belonged to the Abbey of Lillefhul in the county of Salop ; it is 
in the pari(h of Afliby de la 2^uch, and hath a chapel of cafe 
within it " It confifts of but few houfes, and a family of the 
name of Joya are the principal land owners, except what is held 
onder the Haftings family. 

Proceeding from hence, the dreary wafte called Aftiby Would*^ 
ehills the view to the left, interrupted only by a few coal mines, 
and the fmoke of a fmall pottery for common brown ware. 

The village of Hartbbrn appears in the right hand valley, of 
which more in future. 

Paffing next by the midway houfes, we fee on our Idft the 
fewer of Grefley Church peeping amongft apparent woods, which 
ancient place has been fully defcribed with an engraving in our 
firft volume. 

As we approach the fide of Bretby Park, we lofe much of the 
woody (hades that till lately hang around. Lord Stanhope, ia 
his father's life time, here cut down a fine wood upon his eftate, 
called Newholl Springs, and the Earl of Che/ierfield has fince 
robbed hif beautiful park of moft of its venerable ornaments. 
We however ftopped to contemplate the fate of this once noble 
hut deferred place. 

A large avenue from the Park gate leads from this road about * 
hgilf a mile to (he fcire of the houfe, which when ftanding was 
magnificent. But bpfore we enter into a defcription, let us pre- 
fufe w)iat impeifeQ hiAory we were abU to polleA. 

Tmut thrf thi Midland Csuntief* lii 

Br/tbjfy Dirhyjhin. 

firetby is a (mall hamlet fitoate at the fontbero extremity of 
the County of Derby, io the Hundred of Repingtoo, about two 
miles fouth of ReptQp, whofe chapel is a Chapel of Eafe to that 
place.' A few fcattered houfes are now only left to lament itt 
former fuperiority ; for, as can evidently be traced, a more (plendid 
village, or a town did originally exift here, from the vemges of 
walls, foundations, wells, &c. befides a caftle which was fitoated 
near the prefent chapel.- -Very fmall indeed are xheJata we have to 
work upon towards giving a hiftory of this deferted place. Yet 
before the dellruAion of that noble feat of the Earl of Chefter*. 
field in this beautiful park, many deeds and papers were depofited 
here, which would have afforded much curious matter, bat ihff^ 
are taken, we know not where. 

However from the authority of a perron well converfant witli 
this place, we learn that the caflle belonged to a family of the 
name of Mec,* who were lords of the manor here, and that thc( 
Earls of Chefterfieid payed a certain fee to the caftle for their 
place till they became purchafers of that alfo, and by that meani 
Lords of the Manor .^ Report fays, that this magnificent feat wa* 
built by the famous Inigo Jones, and probably it was by that 
mafter, from the flile of Ardiite^ure, which we remember to 
have feen, when it exified, not ten years ago, as well as fronf 
examining it, as Aill preferved, in a birds eye view, drawn by 
L. Knyi^ and engraved by J. Kip, in a large colIeQion, called^ 
« Nouveau Theatre de la grandi Bretayne; ou defiription ixa&4 
des Palais de la Reine, et des maifons des plus conjidirabbs des Siig» 
neurs ist des Gentilshommes de la grande Bretayne**^ It was pro* 
bably built by the family after their houfe at Shelferd^ in Nytting* 
bamjhtre, was ruined by the Parliament Army.f Shelford ftili 
continues the family burying place. 

This houfe confifted of a long but narrow body, with.wingf 
about the fame dimenllons } the tops of the latter were circular^ 
but the gables on the roof of the former were more varied. The 
court was protefled by maffy iron gates, thro* which yoo pafled 
on a flag pavement to a portico on the ground floor. This led 

* It belonged to Thomas de Rrothercon, Earl of Norfolk, id foQ of 
Edward I, and fodefccndecl to the Mowbrays. The chapel and great tytbcA 
afterwards belonged to Repton Priorv, as wc (hall ihew under that place. 

t Yet a Majk written by Sir Afion Cokt) ne was prcfe&tcd- here on 
Twelfth Night, i^i^.^lVeod ^th. ix. col, 757. 


l6a Tter tita^ tht MJknd OuuMs. 

to a hall and large ftair-cafci paiotcd and hutig with maoj excel- 
lent paintings. The rooms were moft of them magnificeoc with 
^Qced ctcUagti rich tapeftry, iod AoMe piftirrei. 
. Beyood, at right angles with the eaft wing, was an admirable 
tbapal of a much later date; tht architeQure was Grecian, very 
tight and handfome. Within was a rich linit^ of cedar, the 
<ltar piece remarkably* fine, and there was alfo an organ in the 
gallery i at the caft end of this chapel fiood a very large and re- 
nerable cadar^ which is ftill remaining. The gardens which were 
iull oi boildiogs, foantaios» and leaden images ii^ the (hape of 
^ild beads, &c* and all the various appendages of old MbioneJL 
grandeur, were formed after the plan ol the famons FirJaiUs. 

The park^ tho* not very extenfive, was formed by nature with 
iiuch variety to pleafe; a deep glen divided the eaftern fide, down 
which winds a chain of fi(h pools; the fwells on every fide were 
eloathnd with fine timber, till the American War cauled them to 
be felled. In the other parts long avenues of dms and chefnut 
IKcs; filed thcfcene. To the north eaft Repton Shrubs, thac 
^oriont wood, which (till retains its grestnefs, feem'd a contu 
saanee of the fame park and highly ennobled the fcenery. A 
ttltle weft of the north rifes that charming feature, called bretlj 
Mmnti which is an ohfeA feen from moft parts of the country. 
Such is the mntilating power of a few years, that where one 
before wandered amidft the fineft (hades, trees are now but thinly 
Mattered ; and where we might then behold a magoificeot edifice 
adoraod. with noUe paintings and all the richeft ornamenta of the 
Itmea^ bow fcarce a relick is difcovered ; the materials being all 
fold and only afmali houfe ereAcdfor the Steward. Thfs im* 
ferket flceteh we wilt hn\9i with adding that this was the cele- 
^atedfceoe of the Count de Grammont's vifits to the beautiful 
Conntefs of Chefterfidd, fn the time of Charles lid. for an ac- 
count of which fee Count Hamihon'i Mtmoirs. 

Clofe adjoining to this on the oppoflte fide the road, we pa(a 
attodd fenikincular houfe with formal plantations^ Cafled Brif- 
kngcote. This place we believe was built by Sir Wilfiam Stan- 
hope as an appendage to his noble feat at Bretby. It was after- 
irarda fdtd, and lately belonged to a Lady of the name of S^rneii 
Upon the hill before we defcend towards Burton a fine cxten- 
§fift prc^peft opens. Drakeiow the feat of Sir^Nig^l Grtfief 
peeps atnong the woods, and beyond it Lichfield Spire, at a great 
dUlanoc. The defeenl to Burtw^ cut thro' a high hill of a fla* 

• tcy 

Tdur thro* the MtSand CountieU * 163 

tby ftratum bias a piftorefque and peculiar efFeft, formiog a vifta, 
thro' which the town appears below. 

Hairing crofTed a long narrow and dangerous bridge of 36 
arches* above a quarter of a mile long over the Trent, we enttr 
rhe town, confiding of one long .ftrcet leading ro Lichfield, and 
another at right angles leading toTutbury and Uttoxeter. 

The MS. copy of Erdfwic in the Britifh Mufcum is defeftirc 
mrith regard to this place, but other copies fay that this was the 
eftateof Algar, Earl of Mercia^ before the ConqUeft, a& appears by 
Domefday book, and was left by him to Edwin his fon, who 
having fousht againft the Conqueror, and being flaln, his eftates 
fell into the Conqueror's hands, who difpofcd of* this amongfl: 
others to Henry dc Ferrers, whofe family had a Caftle here.f 

The bridge, fome are of opinion, was built by the founder of 
the Abbey, but Erdfwic fays that cannot be, becaufe it not only 
feems much newer, but there are evidences yet extant which 
ftovtxh2itW\W\2LmdelaWardy in the time of the Abbot 5^r- 
nardgskvt the land of this bridge upon payment of yearly rent to 
him and his heirs. He lived about K.' Henry IlFs time, and his 
arms arc in the church, being " Vaire, argent and iable." 
Robert de Berfmgcoat, or Burfcote, gave one acre of land ia 
Burfcote mead upon the Trent, for the repairing of the bridge. :j: 

In Burton alfo was an houfe of the Blounts, which hath beea 
here for fome ages. So far we gather from Erdfwic, &c. ' Th» 
branch of the Biounts, was that from which fprung the Blounts 
of Tittenhanger, in Hertford (hi re, fdrwhom fee Vol: I. p. 3^2 $ 

From Camden we have the following account. — •* The Trent 
joining the Tame, dire^s its courfe northward through grounds 
yielding plenty of alabaftcr, in order to receive the Dove, and 
almofl furrounds Surtonj\\ a town famous for irs alabafter works^ 
a caftle of the Fcrrars's j an antient monaijery founded by Utfric 
Spot, Earl of Mercia, and once rem-Tkablc for the retreat of 
Modw«na, orModwenna, an Irifh woman. Of this monaftery 

• See Gent. M»e. Vol. XXI, p. 296, 407. 

t Which he built himfelf, Holland. 

X Qou&^h fays ic was built ia the time of Hen If,, or earlier. 

I *« Thev had ai^at near Uttoxeter, called BUmfsHaU^ which Erdfvnc 
fays was but latelf built, tho' /• cal\ed. Erdw. p. 1 96/ 

I «< Burton upon Trent,'* fays Lelaod, Vir^ f, 34^ u y^^^h but one pa* 
roche chirch, and a chapel at the Bridge-End. Trent cumpAfith a steal 
peace of the- towne. Many marbelert working in aUbi^.'' 

164 Tour thrtP the Midland Coufitii9. 

we have the followiog account io the book of Abiagdoo.— *' ^ 
iervant of King Ethelred, named Ulfric Spot, built the Abbey 
St Burton, and gave it all his paternal eftate worth /'700> SQ^ 
that the ratification of this gift might (}an()» be gave King EtheU 
red s'oo manes of gold for his confirmation, to each Bifliop 5 
tnanc^^ and to Alfric, Archbifliop of Canterbury, over and above 
the town of Dumbleton.'' From hence alone we may learn that 
there was a golden age then, and that gold was not without its 
weight in religious tranfadions. In this monaftery Modwena, 
whofe ian£tity was renowned in thefe parts, was buried- with 
thefe lines on her tomb by way of epitaph. 

Ortum Modwennx dat Hibernia, Scotia finem, 
Anglia dat tumulum, dat Deus adra poii. 
Prima dedit vitam, fed mortem terra fecunda, 
£t terram terrae tertia terra dedit. 
Aufert Lanfortin quam terra Conallea prefert, 
Felix Burtonium virginis oila tenet. 

Ireland gave Modwen birth, England a grave. 
As Scotland death, and God her foul (hall fave. 
The firft land life, the fccond death did give. 
The third in earth her earthly part receive ; 
Lanforttn takes whom ConnePs * country owns. 
And happy Burton holds the virgin's bones."t 

The parifh church adjoins to the Abbey which was founded 
1004^ for BencdiAines, by Wulfric Spot, valued atjf.501 7*. 
Henry VIII, founded in it at the Diffolution a College of a Deaa 
and Canons which fubflAed but four years. Modwenna lived 
here retired in an ifland, called Andredfy^ where (he was buried4 
irhe Abbot of Burton having a yaft rough hiHy ground about a 
mile from the Abbey, called ic Sinai^ and it is ftill called Sinai 
ParK^ The annals of this houfe from A. D. 1004101263,. 
were printed among Gale's Scriptores Angliae, Ox. i6S4, 
p. 246.'',! 

A few walls of the Abbey are ftill remaining and converted into 
a dwelling houfe between the. church and the river, noMr inhabited 

* TirConncl. 

"t Gough's Camden, Vol. II, p, 377. 

t Tanner 4.9 1. Capgrave. 

4 Burton's Leicefter&i re 119. 

\ Gough*s Additions, p* 39»* 

Tour thro' the MtJland Counties* ] 165 

fcy Mr. L«e(bQ. The church is a handfome ftroftare with a fine 
tower, an organ, &c* 

. In a ManuTcript in the Britiih Mafenm we find the following 
Church Notes,. 

** In t)(ie Church of Burton upon Trent, in Staffordftiire, upon 
the edge of Derbyftiire. In windows. 

G. 3 lions paflant guardani Or. England. 

Chcquy Or. and B. Warren. 

A* 3 bends liolfter G. 

Barry Nebule of 6, O. and S ^Blount, 

Paly of 6 pieces^ over all a^bendlet. 

Sa : a Lion Rampant. A. crowned O.— — 

Or, a bend (inifter lozengy B. 

A crofs flcure between five martlets, empaling quarterly France 
iind England,- Rich. IL 

Or, a crofs B. charged with five cfcallops Ar. — ^ — s- 

A. Fretty of 6 pieces Sa. 

Or. 3 Chevronels G. Clart. 

Or, Fretty of 6 pieces G. 

B. 2 bars A. over all a bendlet G. 

A. % barsG. . ■ 
O. 5 bendlets B. 

Or, a Crofs G. — Burgh. .- 

Or, 2 bars B. over all a bendlet finifter A. 

Barry of 12 pieces, a bordure of Martlets.— —•«. 

O. a crpfs engrailed B. This efcocheon a Knight lyeing hi 
armour houldeth in his hand upon a tombe made about the tyme 
of Henry V, or ,Hcnry VI. — 

" Orate fro felici Statu Jobannts Blount ^ Sufann^e uxoris 
jtjus qui iflam feneftram Jien feeerunt:' Barry nebule of 6, O. 
& & within a bordure gobone, Blount^ empaUng G. a Chevron 
vairy A. and S.. 

Blount withiti a bordure as before empaling A. a fefi S. 3 lo- 
zenges in chief.— —y^^«. 

Blount as before, empaling G, fretty of 8 picQcs G. on a can* 
ton B. a crofs moline A. 

G. fretty and feme of mafcles O. 

B. a Saltier O. within a bordure G. charged with eight mi- 
tres O. 

Or, a chevron G. (Stafford,) empaling G. a Saltier A. (Noviile.) 
Or, a crjofs engrailed B, charged with 5 MuUetts A. 

r 2 <^V» 

1 66 Tour thro* tht Mdlani Countia. 

Charter! jr, ift, aod 4th^ B 3 ipiead eagles O. 2d; and jd^ 
m feS dauncetty charged with 3 mardets, between fix Ikms iam« 

A. a chevron G. between 3 mardets S. empaling G. a chevroa 
van y A. and S. 

Quarterly ift, and 4th, a chief vairy, over all a bend; Fitz- 
berfoen 2d, and 3d. A. 3 bars S. a canton ermine. 

Thefe rwo upon perfonages kneeling in the window/'* 

The Earl of Uxbridge, who is now the Lord of the Mador^ 
is the Patron, and the Rev. Jones, the prefent Vicar. 

The following extraft appeared in the Derby Mercury^ 
November 12, 1789. 

*' The number of dwelling houfes and inhabitants in Bartoa 
upon Trent, according to au exaA furvey lately taken, is as-foU 
lows : 

<• Dwelling- houfes 626. — -^—Inhabitants 2926. In Burton* 
extra, or Bond-end, there are 102 dwelling- houfes, and 553 
inhabitants. 1 hus Burton, with the hjmlecs included, contains 
728 dwelling houfes, and 3479 inhabitants.*' 

It is a place of confiderablji; opulence, trade, and trafBc; iias 
feveral large cotton mills near it, belonging to Mr. Peal, &c. and 
is greatly benefited by navigation, both on the river 'Treat and 
the ex^enfive Canal, which pafles hither thro* the County of 
Staflord from the Merfey. But its mof> flouriftimg bufmefs has 
been in brewing ale-, for which it has long been famous, both 
at home and abroad, particularly in exporting great quantities 
into Ruifia, &c. 

From Burton we proceeded to Tutbury, an uninterelVing road 
for feveral miles. The firft objedt worth notice is Rollefton. 
This Lordrhip was given by Edwaid the Confefior to Morkar, 
Earl of Northumberland, who being uneafy under the Normaa 
"Yoke, his eftate was feized, and given to Henry Ferrers, who 
held it of the Crown, 20th of the Conqueror. 

The following curious particolais are taken from a MS. in the 
Brit. Muf. written in the reign of Q. Elizabeth, 

" Rollefion' Parke is within the precinA of the Manor of Rollef* 
ton, and within tne ward of Tutbury,. within half a mile of the 
caftle, and is in circuit two miles, and contaioeth hjr the forefaid 
meafure — acres and three roods, whereof in Mari(h over-growoi 
with allors, fix acres, in meadow three acres, ted the reft is all 

• HarL MSS. 5^09, 


T^ur ibro* tbi jUiJland Cmntia. 1 67 

Ytrv good tod batefol ptfturc. It will bear well deer, and 
fiiffiticQi herbage to mate the king's rent, which is yearly cvis; 
VII id. And there are in it at this prcfent cxx deer; there is no 
corert in all the ground, bat the fix acres of mari(h and allors« 
and the reft is well planted with old oaks and fome timber, the 
nomber of mxl, whereof may conveniearly no falebemade, be- 
came it cannot hie coppioed ; and yet if it might the trees be (o old, 
that the fpring would not increafe. The keeper thereof is alfo 
appointed by the King's Majefty's Letters Patent, under the 
Dutchy-Se^. His fee is yearly 

*' The lodge rent-free ; one horfe grafs for himfelfy and two for 
his deputy, and fuch other fees and rewards as beloogeth to the 

** The faid manor of Roltedon is within one mile of the Caftle 
of Tutbury, and is well inhabited with divers honeft men, whofe 
trade of living is only by hufbandry, for the whole manor con* 
fifteth only in tillage, and has no large paftures, or (everal clofes 
as in other manors of the Honor, but has been always accuftomed 
to have their cattle, and fometimes their plodgh-beafts paftur*d m 
the Queen's Majerty's Park at Rollefton for Lxxd. tht Jlagi^ 
which is from the firft Holyrood Day to the laft Holyrood Daj^ 
without which aid and help they were neither able to maintaia 
hofpitality nor tillage, and now of late years the farmers of the 
herbage have advanced the ^tf^^ to vis. iii'id. and yet the 
Queen's Maje/ly's rent nothing increas'd. The faid manor ex* 
tendeth to RolLfton^ Annejkyj and RydSnjs^ which are withia 
the manor and pari(h of Rollefton, and are all fuitors to the court 
and leer of RjolUfton and inter 'Commoners, as if the fame were bu| 
one entire manor not divided. 

'** There are within the faid manor twenty eight copyholders 
which are called Reves places and have an eftate of inhakance 
according to the cuftom o^ the manor, and as it (hottld fcem, were 
in auncient time 'bondnuHt for at this forvey we found in an old 
rental the entry of the auncient cuftoms of the faid bondUna^ts^ 
the tenure whereof enlueth. 

** Every tenant holding by copy of Court-Roll a tenement^ 
whether it be buiided or decayed, . and a yard-land to the faaie 
belonging, by the name of a Reva Plaee^ (hall be Rive when* it 
Cometh to his conrfe, and (hall colleft the rent of the nunor an4 
the profits of the Courts, at (hall be extraAed unto him out of 

• HarL MSS. Ko. 71. I. t«. 


1 68 Tour thro' the Midland CtmOiis. 

his own cofts and charges, and pay the fame to the recehror of 
the Honor, and alfo at the audit (hall make a true account, as 
veil of the rent as alfo of the profits of the courts^ and pay there 
before his departure all fuch fums of money, as (hall be then doe 
upon the determination of his account. And if any tenant hold 
two or three /ieiues Places^ he (hall ufe the ofBce of the Reve in 
manner and form as before for every of them^ as if the fame 
were in the hands and occupation of feveral tenants. 

** if any of the faid tenants, hing Rwe, fpend or confume the 
Q. Majefty's rent, fo as at the Audit they be found in arrearages 
and not able to pay, or if any of them flee the country or commit 
felony, or any fuph like, all the copyholders called the B$nd^ 
Tenants, (hall anfwer all fuch fums of money, as at the next 
Audit (hall be found due upon any fuch tenant for any the caufes 
abovefaid, for as much as the Reve is yearly to be cho(en, and 
to choofe fuch as they will anfwer for his doings at their pcriL 

'* And fo forth with the reft of the cuftoms/'f 

Erdfwick (jv 208) gives the following account of this place. 

^' It is and hath been long the feat^ of a gentleman that takei 
his name of the place, whom i in^gine originally to be a Aiutton, 
and that being a younger brother, he changed his nanae, when 
he became Lord of that town, which his armory induceth me to 
think, being A. a cinquefoil B and differs only from the Coat of 
Mutton, by having a red chief charged with a lionpaffant gardant 
O. which chief was added that he might thereby differ from the 
elder houfe, given as k fhould feem by one o( ihe Lancq/irians 
lincc they came to have the Ferrers's revenues. And yet I have 
feen very old monuihcnss of the coat and chief, efpecially one in 
Adbajlon Church, fo old that a man would think it to be of Henry 
Ill's time, and therefore I think fet up by the firft owners of X«A 
lejion^ being of this hou(e. 

'* Thisl^rd(hip afterwards came into the po(Ie(&on of the Moiie<- 
ley family, 'and upon the failure of iiTue of Sir Edward MoQey, 
Bart, who manied Catherine, daughter of William, Lord Grey 
of VVark, the title became extinct ; and his widow marrying 
Charles, fon and heir of Dudley, Lord North, he thereby be- 
came pofTefTed of Rollefton eftate and manor, which (he bad in 

f Ibid. f. 76. 77. written temp. R. Eliz, 

t H«rl. MSS. No. 5(>8. 

§ N^e th$ Manor. It muil U a fubordiaacc eftiite in the pariih. 


Tour thro* the Midland CountiiSm 169^ 

jciQtnre, and was by fpectai writ fummoned to Parliafflenl^ by 
ffae citk of Lord North and Grey of Rollefion, 25 Car. II. 

** Ofwald Mofley, Efq. a defcendant from the 2d branch of the 
family, afterwards pofleflied this eftate and manor, with the per- 
petual advowfon of the reflory; he was High Sheriff for the 
county of Stafford^ in 17159 and was created Bart. 6th of George 
I. He married Elizabeth, daughter of John Thornhagh of Fen- 
ton, Co. Nott. and had ifliie Sir Ofwald, who died unmarried 
Feb. 26, 1757, when the title and eftate defcended to his brother, 
the Rev. Sir John Mofley, Bart.*" 

This Sir John was a very fingular cbaraAer, and poflefled all 
the oddities of an old Bachelor, yet was not deftitute of many 
excellent qualities. His feat here, the old manfion of his an- 
ccftors, was a poor negleAed building ; yet inftead of rebuilding 
this, he would amufe himfelf with having vaft quantities of bricks 
made, heaped inio immenfe walls aboHt his grounds, and fome- 
times buried beneath them. He was Reflor of his own parifli, 
and ferved the church himielf many year^ till dying unmarried a 
few years ago, ^e was fucceeded in his eftate by a diftant relatioa 
of the fame name, near Manchefter ; who has fince refided here^ 
greatly improved the place, and built a good houfe, tho' in a flat 
iituation, which we fee from the road. 

The Baronetage has been re-created in him* He has feveral 
children, one of whom is intended for the living. The church 
is a fmall fpire, and has fome old monuments in it. 

Proceeding from.hence we foon approach Tutbury. 
' " Tutbnry4 as appeareth by the records, is an auncient Honor, 
fituate in the extreme caft borders of the County of Stafford^ 
upon the river or water o/Dove^ miles from Stafford, 3 from 
Burton upon Trent, 6 miles from Uttoxeter, and .12 miles firooa 
Aftiborne in the Moorland, market towns, and is planted in a 
country moft plentiful of good pafture, corn, foil, wood, water, 
and good o&eadow, whote Lordfiiips and Manors, with their 
members and liberties, extend into the Counties of Stafford, 
Derby, Nottingham, Leicefter, Warwick, and Northampton. 
And the (aid Honor was parcel of the inheritance of the Lord 
Ferrburs, fometime Earl of Derby, who, as it fhould feem, ac«« 
companied William the Conqueror at his invafioa of this realm, 

« Kimber's Baronetage, Vol. 3, p. 4t. 

X ExiTtiGt from the MS. Surrey of the Honor of Tutbury in ih^ time of 
^Eliz. Harl. MSS. No. 71, bctoro cited. 


1 70 Tour ihro^ thi ACdUmd Counihu 

for I find in the auncieat records of the Cdr(Ue, that hi the XlII 
year of the reign of Will. Cooq. the Priory of Tutburj was 
foQDded by one Henrr, Earl of Ferrours, aod Bert* his wife, 
and after one Robert, Earl Fcrrars, granted anto the boafeof Sc 
Pere upon Dyve in Normandy^ that one of the Monks of the faid 
honfe (hould at every aVoidence be ele^ed and cho&n by him and 
his heirs to be Prior of Tatbory, whereby 1 cather that he was a 
Norman^ and had greater aflFeftion to the I^rmans his country- 
inen» than to the Engliflxmeo, or elfc thought them 10 be more 
vertuous in religion dian the other. And at the fooodattoa ci 
the (aid Priory he gave unto the fame the befi pofleifiena within 
the HonoTf which hnce the fnppreffion of the hpofe ace fold 10 
divers. perfoiis, and thereby the Honor fore difinemhered. And 
it doth appear that the poiTenions contiiiUed in the name of Ar« 
Tin from the time of Will. Conq. to the time of Hen. Ill, in the 
year of whofe retgo, one Robeit, then Earl Ferrers, 
was attainted^ after whofe attainder the faid Hen. [1I» gave all 
the pofieiiions of Earl Ferrers nnto Edmund Crouch-Back his 
ftd fon» and to his heirs, and it coationed in bis Aicccffion till 
£dw. Ill, and then one Henry, being firft Duke of Lancaftert 
had (iflue BUncb, an only daughter, who was married to John 
of Gaunty fon to Edw. HI, aod father to K. Hen. IV. 

'^ The Caille which was fometime the Lords habitation and ca- 
pital man(ion,.ia buiided very (lately within a parte on the. north 
iide of the town of Tutbury, upon the height of a roond lock of 
alabafter, and is indofed for the moft part with a wall of ftone 
imbatteled, whereupon may be feen ail the LordAiips and Maners 
pertaining to the Honor in the Counties of Stafford^ Derby^ and 
Leicefter. TheCaftle was not buiided in that place without 
marvellous confidcration, for in all the Honor it could not have 
been fi> planted for wholefome air, for the commodions view and 
profpeft of the country, for the firength of the pfatce, the plenty 
of all things neceiTary for the pixyvifion of hofpitaltty, and alfo 
for hunting, hawking, fi(hing» fowling, and all. the commo- 
dities, pleafures, and paftimes to recreate the body and delight 
the mind. For as the river or water of Dove doth from Uttoxefor - 
to the river of Trent divide the Counties of Stafibrd and Dcrbyp 
fo did it alfo at the beginning divide^the champain and woodland;- 
for the one fide of the water, being the County of Derby, is all 
champain^ and very good and hateful meadow, pafture, and corn 
foil, emending from Tutbury to the Peake^ in diftance 
miles, and ail the Peak-UiUs and Moor-lands, being alfo parcell 


T9Ur Aril^ tbi MUknJ C$untiis. 171 

#f the Hoaor, very good Sicept pafture, aod hrg^ wafles. Aixl 
OQ the other (ide oF the river, in the County of Stafford, for the 
fenore part^ all JVotdland^ as appeareth by divers anndent grants 
tnade to the Lords VVilli.iin, and Robert Ferrers, fometiaw Earlt 
of Derby, and Lords of the Honor, in the time of Rich, i. King 
John, and the beginntng of the reign of Hen. Ill, and now by 
tiiens induftry convened to tillage and paftore. 

And whether the Caftle were buiUed * before the Cooqueift or 
not, I find no mention in writing, bot in the fonth-weft corner 
of the fcyte of the Caftie within the compafs of the ntter wall 
Ihuidcth an auncient round tower caird JuRus's Tower, which» 
as it is reported^ was bnilded by JuUus Qrfar^ but I fuppofe that 
to he but old mens fables. The buildings within the wall, and 
alfo the wall have been augmented and renewed by divers of the 
Queen's Majefly's Progenitors, fince the poflciBons were united 
to the Crown, and alfo before, a^ doth appear upon feveral ana* 
cient accounts, and are kept iiidifferentl; well repaired. 

And albeit I find no grant in writing bow Earl Ferrers came 
to the fame pofleffions, yet I gather they were given him by Witt. 
Ofia. and that the Manors within the County of Siaff.>rd, viz. 
RoUiftm^ Tatenb4iU, Bartmj TunftaU, Handbury, Agardifky^ 
and Vnoxit$r^ bad not fo large bounds as they have at prelent ; 
for the hamlet of Ctr/r;;^^ which is now wirhin Barton vfmb 

Srranted ont of the Forefl of Nudwooi by feveral times, and by 
everal grants to one of Earl Ferrer's fervants by the name of 
Rttd» ii ^ofco Calumpniato ; the hamlet of Horecrcfs^ which Is 
now within JgardiJUy^ Hugoni de Melburne it Thorns de Cmcg 
by the faid Earls by feveral grants, and to bold by feveral fer* 
irices ; and the moft part of AgardiJUy was taken 'out of the faid 
Foreft by the faid Earls, and grant«l to the tenants by copy by 
the name fJi MaHock-Land^ The Hamlets of Landi Morton^ 
hrayott^ Coton^ HomehiU^ Slubbylone^ JVoodland^ and Thorny* 
hillSf which now are within Afarchingion, were granted to divers 
gentlemen that ferved the faid Earls out of the fame Foreft to 
hold to them by feveral fervices, (o that I gather that at the firft 
entry of Earl Robert, Founder of Tutbury Priory, he took the 
towns and Villages of Rol/lon^ Barton, Tunftaly Marcbington^ 
and Utfoxettr, as his demeans of the Caftle, and part of them h« 

* Erdfwick fays, *< The houfe and eata honfe, walls aod all, were 
bullied, I think, by John of G^unt, Duke of LancaAer,'* the old bntt 
being probably ruined by the rebellion of Thomas, £arl of Lancailer. 

Z granted 

J 7 2 7our thro' the Midland Counties^ 

ffrantcd. (as it (hould faem) to his Rfnd Men, for no Frammi 
would be cootenied to take laod with fach W/faw^-cufloms, as \ 
fiud in ancient record at Tkbury, called •* The Cowcher^ nwde- 
in the 2d year of Hen. V, the tenants were bound to obfcrveand 
perform by the tenure of their knd. And yet be referved in 
every of the faid Manors a certain in demean of meadow 

and arable. And the (aid Bond-Tenants were bound by the te- 
nure of their lands, to mow the grafs in ihe meadow, make the 
hay, and carry it to the Caftle; and the arable land, to plough it^ 
fowit, reap it, mow it, and alfo to carry it, either to the Lord's 
Manor-houfe in the Manor, or elfe the Caftle at their own cofts 
and charges. They were bound alfo to divers cuftoms, car- 
riages, and ferviccs, which at the making of the old Cowchtr 
were reduced into annual rent, until the King's Majefty, or the 
Lords of the Honor (hould come and lye at the Caftle again, and 
then to be at their liberty. ...,., ^ aJax.- 

And albeit thofe Bond Tenants held their lands, and had their 
grants from the Lords of the Honor of Tutbury, yet did they not 
all pafs in one nature, nor by one efpecial name or grant, for the 
Manors of Roliijion, Barton, and Tun/iall, parted by the name 
of rard Lands, and Marchington, by the name of Oxgangs of 
Land I and Utioxeter, by the name of a tenement and certain 

acres of land. , /^ o 

rardland contaioeth 24 acres; and every Oxgang^i acres, 
s^nd the rents were certain. But fmce that time thejihave ah- 
cnatcd their lands, fo that feme yardland haih but 10 acres, and 
fome other 12 or 14, and yet the rent continueth ; for he that 
for his yard/and or oxgang hath but half the content of his land,, 
payeth the whole Tent, and he that haih double as much paycth. 
but the whole rent. r ^ r . 1. 

And when the Lords had made their provifions for hofpjtahty 
that the grcatcft burden of chcir ordinary of houfehold ftiould be 
without charge or trouble, and direfted themfdves to be ferved 
by their poor villains in time of peace of all things neceffary for 
their property and furniture oi themfelves and families at home. 
Then began they to devife toincreafe their poflefiions with.peo- 
pic to defend themfelves and their country in ^time of war, and 
to make the honour more populous and ftately erefted free bo- 
roughs, within 6 miles of the Cattle; one at Tutbury; one other 
at Jgardijley, c&Wci- ^^ewburgh-, and orte other at Uttoxeter, and 
granted to the BurgefTcs and inhabitants of any of them fuch 
parcels of land to build u-pon, as in their feveral grants may ap-* 

pear ; 

Tour tiro* the Midland Counties^ xjj -• 

pear ; and to make men more defirous to plant their habitations 
in thofe places, procured for them markets and fairs within the 
fame; and granted to the BurgefTes divers liberties of common 
of pafture, purvnage, and eftovers in their forcft of Necdwood, 
and alfo that they ^ould be free of ail toll» tonnage, package, 
poundage, and other exa^Vions withiji all their poflfe/nons, and 
granted to Tutburj CLXXX and two burgages ; to Newburgh 
CI burgages; and to Uttoxeter C^ILWW burgages, which were 
all inhabited as it (hould feem with handycraftfmen ; they coirld 
not otherwife live, for we find by record, and by the accounts^ 
from time to time that all the lands within the fame Manors were, 
granted to divers perfons either by -- - - or elfe to the 
cuflomary tenants, for there was none referved to the Bur- 
' geiTes to maintain their living, but only by fame haodycraft or 
trade of merchandize. And then were they merchants, notbuf- 
bandmen, nor graziers, but truftcd only to the trades of mer- 
chandize and other handycrafts. Such was the wifdom and po- 
licy of our anceftois to divorce the merchants and handycraftfmea 
from the hufband-and-tylth-mcn, that none of them (hould in- 
trude upon others gain. And by this means the good towns 
were builded, inhabited, and maintained, which now are de- 
cayed and depopulated ; the markets plentiful with all kinds of 
provifioo and vlAuals, which now are unfurniftied ; and the 
country repleoifhed with gentlemen and hulbandmen, which now 
18 inhabited by merchants and men of occupation ; fo tl^at no 
man is contented with his own eftate, which hath brought all 
;thing8 to fucb extremity, as they have not been of o^any years 

The Earls of Derby were noble gentlemen ftout and liberal, 
and had more affe^ion (as it (bould fqcm) to the chivalry of £q- 
glKhmen, than to tbeir religion; and had greater confidence in 
their poor ndghbours in England, than to their kinfmen and 
abbeys in Normandy. 

The iordfhip^, manors, and other lands, which were given 
jby them to the gentlemen of Stafford, Nottingham, Derby, Leh* 
cefter and Warwick, between ;he Invafion of Will. Con. and 
(the attainder of Robert, E^rl of Ferrars, to hold of tbem by di- 
vers kinds of fervice, as of the fame Honor, do at this .day 
^amount to double as much in yearly revenue, as any of the faid 
Earls might at any time difpend during the continuance, as may 
pllkinly appear by the Feodary's books of the faid Honor. 

Z 7, liordfliips 

3^74 Twrihnf ihi AfiSani Obwuim 

I/MrdOiips virithia the Honor of Tatborf^ 

Tutbury. Tateohall. 

Rolfton. Yoxall 

Barton. Newborgh. 

Wicb^nor; Marcbiugtoa. 


Co. Stsff. 

The CaftlcPark is that Park wherein the Caftteof Tutbury 
(landeth» and is in circaic one mile, and containeth by the meafor^ 
of a xvi^th part and an half to the pole* aaes and one 

rood; whereof in good meadow i(L acres \ the reft all very good 
and bateful pafture; it will bear well (even fcore deer, and fof- 
ikient herbage to make the king's rent. And there are ib it a| 
this jprcfent xxx deer. There is no covert in all the park, but ^^ 
clyn, whereupon the caHie ftandetb* The keeper thereof is ap* 
pointed by the King's Majefly's Letters Patent, under the Duchy 
Seal. His fee is yearly j^.iv one horfe grafs for himfelf, one 
pther for his deputy; fix' beads grafs for himfelf; and two for 
his deputy ; a^d fuch other f^ and Rewards 99 bdong to a 

*< The Chace of Needwood is i^ coi^paft by eftimation iq 
miles at lead, and the ncareft parr thereof is diftant from tht 
faid Caftle but one mile. U is divided and feparated into fourc 
vardSy (to wit) Marchington Ward, Yoxall Ward, Baipton Ward, 
l^pd Tutbury Ward, and every Wa^d containeth 5 miles or more 
in compnfS) befides other four woods, as Ut^oxeter Wood, Rougb 
Hag, ^. and M(ithin the compafle of the ring pf the fbrreft 
there is eight par kes impailed, t>e^d^ the little ps^rk that thf 
qdUe ftanps in, which is as foUowetb. 

The Park of Agax£fli% contains io compaft xxi furlongs. 

The ^ai[k of Stockley contains in coipapafs xxx furlongs and an 

The Park of Barton contains in compafs xvi furlongs au4 
dim. and x poles. 

The Park of Hejljn^s in compafs one part xviti furlongs and 
XIII poles, and every part xv furlongs. 

The Park of Sberrold contains in compafs X furlongs and dim, 
and X poles." 

• pwl^ MSSt No. 71, written temp. R^ £!»«• 

The Psrt called ajfjU^bej, diftant from the ctftle li little 
mtle« coQtiJos three miles and ao half aboor, and the deere 
▼iewed to cccclxxx. And old dottred cakes m.mmmmc, and ^ 
in timber trees young and old ccccxx. noe underwood, but it ^ 
meadow ground fevered xi acres and half and more. 
" The Park called Hanbwj Park adjoynes on the fouth /ide of 
the laid CaflU-haj^ within one quarter of a rolley oontainlog im 
compaile two miles and an halfe, the deere viewed clxx. la 
old tres dortred.and ftnbbs of oakes m. and timber frees xxx. 

The Park called RaUeft^n Park beiog half a mile dtftant from 
the caftie on the eaft fide contains in compafTe one mile and quar-t 
ler, the deere viewed to cxx. In old dottred oakes m. and XL« 

The number of all the timber trees within the Parks of Need-, 
wood 9re mmm«« 

The number of dotcrell trees within thefatd parks xii.xoccc. 
XL I. after ziid* a tree, for the dottrells come co £.^c%iU 
^nd xiid.* 

DifcriptioH pf thp Caftk in the rei^n of^uitn EKxabeth. 

This has been partly anticipated in the MS. already printed. 
If was re-built by John, of Gaunt. Another MS. (No. 568*) 
before cited, adds.. ^* The caftie is fituate upon a round hill 
pr tower cX a great height, and is circumvironed with a ftroog 
wall of Aftikr Apne, al) faving one which is fallen down and re- 
paired up with timber. 

The king's lodging therein is feir and ftrong, bounded and 
Itnit to the wall* And a fair llage hall of timber of a great length, 
"^our chaiQberf of fimber, and other houfes of office well npholdeft. 
within the walls of the caftie." 

Among the Prints of the Society of Antiquarians, is one of thia 
noble caftie in its perfe^ liate, from a drawing rtmuning amoQg 
the Archives of the Dutchy Court of Lancafter. 

It wa$ to chii caftie that the unfortunate Mary Queen of Scots» 

who baa given celebrity to fo many ]daces by her impriionnxnt, 

vaa committed Onder the care of George Talbot, Earl of Shrewf. 

^\iry, in 1568, foon after (he had fatally put herfclf in the power 

. pf her cruel rival Elizabeth, Under his care (he lived feventeeiv 

t Harl. MSS. No. ^tz. 

176 Toiif thro* the Alid&nd Count tes* 

years here and at bis other hoafes at VVingfieldy* Hardwidke« 

aod Chatfwortb, all in Derbyftiire. 

The following ditty on the faftions ralfed by the Queen of Scots' 
nvhtle . prlfoaer in England, which was compofed by Queen 
Elizabeth, and was printed not long after, if not before, the 
beheading of the (aid Scots Queeo^ may be not improperly 
introduced here. 

. The doubt of future foes exiles my prefent joy, 
And Wit me learns to (hun fuch fnares, as threaten my annoy; 

For Falftiood now doth flow, and fubjeft Faith doth ebb, 
Which would not be, if Reafon niPd, or Wifddm weav'd the web. 

But clonds of joys untried do cloak afpiring minds. 
Which turn to rain of late repent by courfc of changed winds. 

The top of Hope fuppoi'd, the root of Rule will be. 
And fruitlefs all their grafted guiles; as fhortly ye fhall (ee. 

Then dazzled eyes with pride, which great Ambition blinds. 
Shall be unfeal'd by worthy wights, whofe falfehood Forefight finds* 

The daughter of Debate, that eke difcord doth fow, 
Shall reap no gain whereformer Rale hath taught peace ftill togrov. 

No foreign baniOi'd wight (hall anchor in this port ; 
Onr realm it brooks no ftrangers' force, let them elfe where refort. 

Onr rufly fword with red (hall firft his edge employ, 
To poll their tops that feek fuch change, and gape for lawlefs joy*t 

Pre/ent State of the Cqflk. 

What has been faid of the fituation of this Caftle is not at all 
exaggerated. The hill on mod fides is nearly perpendicular; 
and overlooks the richeft meadows immediately beneath it, wa<> 
tercd by a fine river inierfperfed with feats and churches, and fed 
with piAurefque groups of (hcep and cattle ; while beyond is %. 
Tad diilance of luxuriant country gradually rifing to the horizon*. 

The caflle was ruinated in the rebellion of Charles I. 

The area of thecaftle is very large; and furronnded with the 
remains of walls in which are towers and buildings, with hewer 
fiair*cafes, and traces of divifions of rooms, with fire- places, &e* 

• See Top. T. p. 574 Bolton Caftle, in Yorkfhire, (then Lord Scrope's) 
&c« was honored by her; and Potheringay Caftle, Go. Norchton, was 
ftainfd with her blood. See Bibl. Top. No. XL. 

t Tianfcribcd from Hail. MSS. No. 693^. 

An Ekgy on the Dtatb ofjudgi Cnoke. 177 

We afcended the broken ftatrs of ooe of ^hefe towers to the top, 
and tho* our heads turned giddy» yet the^glorious profped it tf*' 
forded, well repaid us* All this country were homagers to the 
Caftle; what a- proud fnuatton for a fubjeft! 

The gateway in part remains, and is. a very pifturefquc objeft. 
In the area is a high mound, probably the fcite of the keep of. the 
ancient Caftle, deftroyed by the rebellion of the lad blarl of Der* 
by, of the Ferrers^s. • On this the late Lord Vernon erefted a 
round Tower in imitation of ruins, which is a fine objeA from 
its elevated (ituation to all the furrounding country. Beneath 
this is a building partly of brick, and probably of later date, in- 
habited by a family, and having a large room, in which the Stew- 
ard enieruins the tenants occaiionally, and ie which at Wakes, 
&c. the neighbourhood have an aflembly. 
• It was faid in p. 27, of the firft Volume of the Topographer 
that this Caftle belonged to the Duke of Devonfhire, That was 
a miftake. It is Lord Vernon's, but what eftate he has in it un- 
der the Crown, or whether it is only official, we are not io- 
formed. It is the Priory which belongs to the Duke, which is 
only a farm-houfe adjoining toihe church ; and it is to this eflate 
that the gift of the Bull, tor the &mous fpoit defcribed in our 
firft volume, is annexed. Here lived Harry Cavendilh, the con^ 
men Bull of StafFordftiire, (eldeft fon of the famous Sir William, 
founder of the family,) who yet dying without legitinutte ifltic, 
this eftate devolved upon his next brother* 

In the weft end of the Priory church is a curious Saxon arch, 
. of which wc intend giving an engraving at fome future oppor- 
tunity, and have therefore referved much matter for the prefenc. 
Here are however no old monuments. 

Tho 'the town has loft its former 'magnificence it may be truly 
called a pleafant village. , 

{ To bo continued. ) 

Art. IV. An Elegy on the Death of Judge Crooke^ 

By Mr. John (afterwards Sir John) Denham. 

(MS. not printed in his Poems.) 

This was the man the glorj of the gown, 
Juft to himfeif, his country and the crown I 
The Atlas of our liberty, as high 
In his own fame as others infamy ! 

* Sec Dagd. Bar. I. p. 2$7t for a full account of die Ferrers lenitfy. 
See life Top. 1. p^ 4871 for (hofc of Taraworch. 


178 An Bligy 9n the Diotk tf^^uJ^t Cmh. 

Greftt hj bis virtues, great by others crii^es, 
' The beR of Jodgp in the worfl of tjmes ! 
He was the firft, who happily did found 
UnfathomM royalty, and felt the grDUDd; 
Yet happier to behold that dawning ray 
Shot from himfeif become a perfect day ; 
To hear his jtidgmeat fo authentic growa^ 
The kiagdoDi*s voice the echo to his own. 
Nor did he ^k bot live the laws ; altbo' 
From his fage mouth grave orades did flow. ^ 
Who knewhil life» maxims might thence derive 
Such as the law to law itfelf might give ; 
Who faw him on the Bench, would think the name 
Of fricndftiip or affcftion never came 
Within his thoughts ; who faw him thence might know. 
He never had, nor could deferve a foe; 
Only affumiog rigor with his gown. 
And with his purple laid his rigor down. 

Him nor refpeA nor difrefpcA could move^ 
He knew noao^, nor his place no love ; 
80 mix'd the ftream of all his aQions ran. 
So much a Judge, fo much a Gentleman % 
Who durft be juft when juftice was a crime. 
Yet durft no more ev'n in too juft a time ; 
Mot hurried by the higheft Mover's force 
Againft his proper and refolved coorfe. 
But when our worM did turn, fo kept his ground. 
He feem'd the axe on which the wheel went round; 
Whofe zeal was warm, when all to ice did turn. 
Yet was but warm, when all the world did bufd. 
No ague in religion e*er indin'd 
To this or that extreme his fixed mind. 

Reft, happy foul, till the world's kft Affize, 
When call'd by tby Creator thou flialt rife, 
With thy Redeemer in commiffion join'd. 
To (it upon the clouds and judge mankind.* 

Sit George Croke fon of Sr John Croke, Kt. one of the Jtif- 
tices of the King's Bench, (who dying Jan- 53, 1619, was 
buried in the church at Chilton near Brill in BuUls,} was d«- 

• Haxl. Mtt, «933» 


An Account ofJI^aterJlock. \^^ 

fceiided from an aocient family limg. at CbiltoQ, (of whom fee 
XELOxi ih dir Harbottle Grimdon's Preface to Sir George's Reports) 
lie was educated at UDiverfity College, Oxford; and thence 
tranfplanted to the Inner Temple* He was made a Jadice of 
the Common PUas^ 22 Jam. I» and a Juftice of the King's Bench, 
4 Char. L He rendered himfelf famous by a diifent from his 
brethren about (hip- money , which is alluded to in the Elegy, 
here primed. He was a lawyer not only truly upri^ht| btit moft 
exquifitely learned, as his Reports^ whi^h bear the higheft credic 
to this day, prove. .His charity was (hewn by his building aa 
Hofpital for poor people in his Manor of Siudleyy near Beckliy ia ' 
Oxford(hire, and a chapet a!fo there, near his Manor-houfe^ 
both which he liberally endowed. In his old age he obtained 
his Rictus from the King who allowed him to retain his falary. 
On Feb. 15, 1641, he dial, set. 82, at bis houfe at If^ater/iock^ 
near Thame ^ in Oxford(hire9 (the Manor of which be for (everal 
years before had purchafed) and was buried in the Chancel of the 
church there. 

Over his grave was foon after an alabafter monument fet in the 
fouth wall, with his buft in a Judge's habtt^ a book in onehand^ 
and the other reAing on a death's hcad^ 

With this infcriptlon under^ 


Waterftock afterwards belonged to the A(hurft$ Baronets, a 
title now ex tin A ; but the efiate probably went to a collateral 
male braifch, for if we recolieA, the mother of the prcfent Judge 
Aihorft died here a (bort time fmce. 

• Wooa'$Aih.IIi i6» 

A t AnT. 7i 

x8o . A Vtfii U Duki Humfhrej at SuJWafCs. 

AnT. V. Jt Vifit to Duki Htmphfifs tomb at St. Jlkm's.* 


By Mr. W. OIdl/w»rtb. 

When Sarabff led by fancy, fate, or fcora^ 

Voochfef d to view the royal Gloueeftir*$ urn, 

Tbefacred manfions of the dead lo greet. 

And once oblig'd the world by quitting it ; 

With oatiTe malice and infolting pride. 

She tofs'd her banghty head and thus (he cry*d r 

^* Is this the doughty hero Gloucf/itr*s grave ? 

<< GI(kicefter, the great, the generous, and the brave ? 

** Are thefe the hands, that bore the fceptre's weight ^ 

*^ This, thie the head, that rul'd Britannia's ftate ? 

*^. Arc thefe the pious remnants of thofe brains, 

" That to the Crown. rcft<lr*d the intruftcd reins ? 

*' Milled by duty and by confcicnce fool'd, 

*' Cbofc to obey the boy^ he fltould have rnl'd i 

** Not by fuch iieps 111 mdve to honour's Aage p 

•* My minor miflrefs ne'er ihall be of age t 

*' Her courts with pimps and paraiites I'll fill, 

^* Slaves to my pride and creatures to my will ^ 

** Her crown fhall be a footftodi to my name, 

** Her fcepter, but my hobby horfe of fame ; 

'^ Her bearded bench (ball Icnow no laws but mine, 

^* By fancy puniffa and by figure (hine. 

** Nor (hall (he dare at my direftiog nod, 

** To own her friends, l^r klndre<C church, or God,r 

^* And whllft my hero does her fo^s purfue, 

** My moderation (hall her friends (bbdue, 

^* Thus I the height of honour will obtain, 

*' Stuart (hall wear the Crown, but Sarah reiguw 

^ CburcbiU (hall rife on eafy Stuart's fa»^ 

«' And Blenheim Towers (hall triumph o'er WhitehalirX 

' • See Top. Vol. I, p. J93. 

t Strah, Duchefs of Marlborough. She had a. houfe in this town^ 
See Top. ut fupra. 

t Harl.MSS4 No. 6931* 

Art. VI. 

EpUaph in Hadleigh Church, Suffolk, iSt 

Art. VI. Epitaph in Hadleigh Church, Suffolk. 

On Elka Refoa, wife of the late Alderman of that town, who 
dyed Jan. 20, 1630.* 

The Charnel mounted on the W- 
Sits to be feeo in Fuoer- 
A Matron plain Domeftic* ' 
In care and pa'ms continue 
Not flow, not gay, norprodlg- \.M 
. Yet neighbourly and hofpit- 
Her children (even yet living 
Her fixty fe\^ntfa year hence did c- 
To reft her Body natur* 
In hopes to rife fpirito* 

Art. VlLRcvinf; of GpughU Camden, continued fr^m^ Nq.X,/. 57, 


Additions^ P. 267. 

P. 272. ^ Sir William Guife haa a large handfone feat at EJnurep 
but refides chiefly at Reudcomb/' Sir William Guife, (we fup. 
poftijince this was printed) is dead, and much of his eftatc gone 
CO the BiOiop of Salifbury, who married Sir William's fifter. 
, The baronetage has been revived in a collateral branch, wbofe 
fea( is at Highnam by Gloucefter, (formerly the feat of the Cookes» 
and before of the Arnalds) by fome (aid to be built by Inigo 

P. 274. Thornbary Caftlef now belongs to Mr. Howard, 
younger brother to the prefumptive heir to the Dukedom of 

P. 276.V ♦« Dodington longid to the Barkeleys," &c. It 
Ihould be remarked that thefe, as well as thofc of Coberley, were 
the ancient Berkeleys defcended by the male line from thofe who 
were owners of Berkeley Cajlle from the Conqueft to the time of 
Hen. II, and AiJlinSt from the Berkeleys, alias Fitzhardings. 
owners Jince that time. Their arms were quite different, viz. 
A- afeffe int. 3 martlets S. whereas the others bear, G. a chevjr, 
int. IP crofslets patee A. 

• Muf. Brit. Bibl. Harl. 69S|. • 

t £or aa EngravlDg of it fee Grofe*i Antiquities, Ko* VllI, p. r. 

A a 2 p. 278. 

lEa ^Review BfGnigVs Camiin% 

P. 278. " Only one ailc of Sudeley Church remaining." The 
(hell of the whole is quite perfect, and ftiews it to have t)eeQ a 
bcauciful rich gothic building. Mr. Cough adds, *\ George, 
now Lord Rivers, is foo of George Pitt, wh^married the widov 
of George, Lord Chandos.** Bui Lord Chandosdied 1654, and 
there are, and indeed muft have been, many defcents between 
Lord R. and this his anceftor. Editor. 

P 279. In the church of Bifhops Cleeve is a curious. Saxoa 
arch. See an engraving of it in Bigland's Glouccfierfliire, uoiUr 
CUiV€. . ! ,: ^.. ,« ,. " 

P. 281. *' Coberley, wher Mr. Badges dwellith" Lei. vi, 
77. It belongs now to Lord Chedworth. Part of the' bay- 
windows and other embattled ornaments remain, tho' it is now a 
farm-houfe. — Editor. 

P. 282, ** Fairford windows, taken in a fhip bound for Rome. 
They are in number 28, defigned by Albert Durer, &c." See 
Top. II, p. 1 12, a poem on them, afcribed in fome MSS. to W. 
Stroud, of whom fee Wood*s Ath. il, col. 74. — The Initials of 
R. C. at the bottom of the Poem are probably Rich. Corbe^ Bp, 
of Norwich. 

The additions to this county are full, by the afliflanQe of the 
bifiories of Atkyos and Rudder, the latter of late date ; its anti- 
quities are ^ontiAuing tp be further illuftrated by Bigland's puV 


Additions^ P. 293. 

P; 294. Bruern Abbey fecms to have belonged to Thomas 
Bridgfs of Keinjham^ temp.^Eliz., (See his will Coll. Peer. U, 
p. 129, under Chandos,) and Wood, in his Jthen, II, 168, men- 
tions it as belonging to the Stcimpes\ but Tanner fays it was 
granted to the Copes, .temp. Jac. I.— r" to whom/' fays Qought 
^* it now belongs." ^ 

Ibid. 4 The old kitchen and chapel ^t Stanton-Harcoiirt hayc 
f)een etched by the prefept Earl, on a large fcale. * 

P. 298. At ^roxtpn is a fine colleftionof the portraits of 
Cornelius Janfjfn,uhich we vifited in our tour, and (hall there- 
fore dcfcrlbe them in their proptr place. ' Edit. 

P. 299. The additions to the account of the Univerfity of 
Pxford take up from p. 299 to p. 306, 

lUvtnv of GougVs CamJen* 183 

- P« 3oiS. Lord Abingdoa's feat at Ricot is fold, we believe ta 
;ft Steward. Edit. 

P. 309. " Wittenham, the feat of 'Sir George Oxenden," 
jure axoriSf (ioce of his foD Sir Henrys is fold to Mr. Hallet^ 
formerly of Cannons. 

P. 310. Rotherfield'Grays, which belonged to the Grays of 
Rotherfield, and ;sitterwards to (he Knollys's, Earls of Banbury^ 
.1$ the paternal feat of Sir Thomas Stapylton, now Lord Le De* 
fpencer. hSt, 

The additions to this county are alfo very full axid £itisfa£lory« 

^ Euch. 

'• Additions^ P* j'?- 

p. 3i7» Little Marlow Priory, (which was till lately the feaft 
of Sir John Borlace Warren, Bart.) now belopgs to William Lei 
/iLntonie, Efq. whofe guardians purchafedit about the y^ar 17839 
but he has not yet made it his place of refldcnce. 

Ibid- Medmcnham Abbey belongs to Scott, Efq. of 

Danesfield in that pari(h. It is now ufed as a. bam, and is a low; 
^nd inconfiderable building, but its fituation is pleafant on th^ 
banks of the Thames, on which account it was reforted to by tht: 
late Lord Le Defpencer, who kept a large pleafure boat hereToc 
water parties. 

The account given in a publication fome years ago of tly 
Meetings of a Noted Club at this place does not appear to be 
well founded : as the defcripcigns do not agree with the building 
jind the fppt itfelf. 

Ihid^ High Wycombe gives the title of Baron ani Earl to the 
^arquis of Lanfdo'uxn. . '• ., / 

Weft Wycombe formerly belonged to the' Darells,' (Dayrellij 
.Vrho ftill retain a remnant of their poffeffions here, but iheir pria* 
cipal eftates were purchafed at the dofe of the laft century by 
Alderman Dafhwood, whofe fun» Sir Francis Da(hwood, the 
^rft Baronet'of this family, much improved and beautified this 
place. He had four wives, by the fecond of whom (daughter, 
find at length heirefs of one of the Earls of Wtilmorland,) he had 
his fon an heir the late Lord Le De Spencer, who compleat^ 
the ilnprovcments at this place, and rebuilt the church, w|jiich 
was before in the Vale, on the top of the Hill, where it is a bea^- 
tjfyl obj^^i but is very inconveniently fxtuated for thepaiith. 

' By 

By his third wife, daoghter of Dr. Kiag, be hid die .prefeot 
Sir John Dafhwood King, Bart, who refides at Wycombe, and 
whofe fon is lately married to the daughter of I'heo. Sroadhead^ 
Efq. The Barony of Le De Spencer went to the StapIetoQs of 
Grey's Court, Oxon. See before under that county. 

Camd$n^ p. 314. At Penn is the feat of Penn Alhton Carzon, 
Efq. maternally defcended from the family of that name, another 
branch of which is feared at Stoke in this County, and were 
late Proprietors of Peun-Sylvania, in America, for the lofs of 
which they have lately recei7ed a confiderable fum in compenfa- 
tion,.and are now re-building cheir family feat at Stoke. 

Camden^ ibid, Bradenham was till lately a feat of Lord Went- 
worth, from whom it was purchafed in 1788 by John Hick$» 

Gough*s Additions, ^. 3x7* At Eton the chapel fimilar to that 
at King's Colkge, Cambridge, though on a fmaller fcale, is wor- 
thy notice. 

Ibid. ^.318. At Ankerwike, formerly the fite of a BenediAioft 
Nunnery, is a pleafant houfe and gardens on the banks of the 
Thames, inhabited, till lattly, by Lord Shuldham. 

Ibid* Befidcs Sir William Bowyer*s houfe at Denham, is a 
large hoofe the feat of Benjamin Way, Efq. who ha» confiderable 
eftates in this neighbour hciod. 

Ibid. Iver is a very extenfive parifh, and has federal handfome 
gentlemen's feats^ The Manor belpnged to the late Mr. Sber» 
gold, but has been fold within thefe few years. 

Ibid. Meal- Beaconsiield (befides Hall Bam and Bulftrode) it 
Chilton Park, the feat of the late Goveraor Dupre, and now 
poflened by his widow, who has great property here and at 
Woobufn in this neighbourhood. 

Ibid. ^ BulArode belonged to the infamous Chief- Juftice Jef- 

Ibid. At Langley the Duke of Marlborough hadz hooft; 
«rhich«was originally the feat of a family of the name of Kidder- 
jniniier, from whom it paflecT in marriage to the Seymours, 
Carts, who fold it to the Marlborough family, of whom it waa 
rented for miny years by Henry Dri^mmond, Efq. 

It has lately been purchafed by Sir Robert Bateibn Harfcy, 
Part, who is at prefcnt engaged in Improving the houfeaiKl 
grounds. Adjoining the church is a beautiful antique chapel and 
fibrgry founded by the Eiddernunflers, whofe arms, expreffivepf 


lLtbiHurfGQuib*s Camdin. >8^j 

their dcTceftt aod iatermarriaigesy adorn the walls, and are ia to* 
lerable prefervatioo. 

MUfeoden Abbey pafled from the Fleetwoods through feveral 
heiri female to Thomas Gooftrcy, Efq. who left it to his daugh* 
ter, the wife of Lowndes Selby, Efq. charged with a legacy to 
his other dai^hter^ the wife of William Frogatt^ Efq. It has 
lately been purchafcd by Mr. Oldham, the ironmonger, who' haa 
lett it to CoL Woodford and his lady, the Coontefs Dowager of 

NearMiffcnden, among the woods, is Petcrley Honfe, the bat 
of Lord E)oriBer, deicended of the Dormers of Wing, the elder 
branch of which was raifed to the Earldom of Caernarvon, and whofb 
heirefs married Philip, Earl of Chefterfield ; and the late Earl, 
her defcendant, pofleflcd the principal Dormer edates, which he 
left, with the title to the prefent Earl, though branched off long 
before that match. 

Ibid, p. 319. Whiteleaf Crofs (more commonly called Whiti-* 
tliff'Croh) has of late years been cleaned by fubfcriptioh of the 
aeighbooring gentlemen, and it forms a very diftinft and princi- 
pal objed to that part of the county, and to a part of Oxfoid- 

Ibid, Near Ellefborough is Checquers^ a ?ery antient feat, 
beautifully fituated on the edge of the woods, which came by ' 
marriage to the Ruflels, Barts. formerly of Chippenham in 
Cambridgefhire, lineal defcendanrs ot the ProteAor Cromwell, bf 
the marriage of Lady Frances, his daughter^ widow of Robt. 
Rich, Efq. to Sir John Ruflel of Chippenham, Baronet. In the 
front of this houfe is an avenoe and grove of ancient trees, which, 
if removed, and the ground a little levelled, would open a ftriking 
and beautiful viila into the fpacious and fertile vale of Ayle(bury. 

Ibid* Borftal Tower, a feat of the Aubreys, was a poft during - 
the civil wars, and was much contefted by the two parties : par* 
ticnlarly as it lay nearly between their refpeflive quarters at Ox* 
ford and Aylefbury. 

Adjoining the tower was a family manfion, which Sir John 
Aubrey, the prefent Baronet, has pulled down, having removed 
his refidence to Dorton in this county, which he purchafed of the 
late Mr. Mitchel, and which had been the feat of a branch of the , 
extenfive and illuftrious family of the Dormers. In Crendon 
Church is a moft magnificent monument of Sir John Dormer, of 
Dorton, Knt. for the repair of which an handibme annuity was 
left, DOtwitbftanding which, it is at prefent much neglcfked. 


tt6 Review afGougVs Cdfh&ft. 

Camdert, ^.314. Eaftward of Brill Hill is Woofon Voief- 
wood, the antieot, feat of the family of Greaville, who redded 
Icre for feveral centuries, till by their marriage with the Tem- 
ples, they came into pofTeflon of Stowe ; there they have (iDce 
chiefly redded. ' 

The grounds are beautifully laid out with tirood and water, 
and the houfe is large, ahd was the Aimmer refidence of the late 
Kight. Honourable George GrenviHc, and of his fon, the prefebt 
Marquis of Buckingham^ previous to tiie death of his uncle, the 
late Earl Temple. Near Wooton, is Dodder (hall, the feat of the 
Pigots, and for many years the jointure houfe of Lady Vifcountefs 
Say and Selc, widow of the late Mr. Pigot. 

Adjoining Is Lee Grange, formerly the feat of another branch 
of the Dormers, defcended from Judge Dormer: but of late it has 
frequently changed its owner. 

There have been no lefs than five didinguifhed families of the 
Aamc of Dormer fcateJ in this county, viz. at Wiog, Ethorp, 
Dorton, Lee Grange, and Peterley. 

Gottghl*s Adi.p* 320* Over othcrwife Upper Winchindon WM. 
ttpbn the attainder of the Duke of Wharton fold to Sarah, Dutchefs 
of Marlborough, and belongs to the prefent Duke. The houfe 
was pulled dowo between 20 and 30 years ago» andtha materials 
fold by auflion ; but feme of the offices are flill (landing, and 
form a refidence for the Duke's fteward^ and an occafional hunt- 
jbg feat for the family. 

Both the Winchtndons were originally the property of the God- 
wins, but Nether JVinchendon paflcd in marriage With Parneli^ 
daughter of Sir John Godwin, Knt. to the Tyringhams, of Ty- 
fingham ; whereupon Sir Anthony Tyringham,* heir apparent 
of the family lived here for a few years, but upon his fucceeding 
to thecftate of Tyringham*, his next brother, Thomas Tytiog- 
bam came into pofleffion of this place. 

The male line of the elder branch of this family, was extio^ 
gttiftied at Tyrringham in 1685, ^F ^^e death of Sir William 
Tyrringham, Knight of the Bath, whofe daughter married the 
fon t of Alderman Backwell, and whofe dcfcendant and repre- 
fentative, Elizabeth Bickwell, was married a few years ago to 
William Praed, Efq. M. F. for St. Jvcs. 

• Vid« Topographer, Vbl. I, p. 45s. 
f Vi4e Topog^ Vol. 1, p. 499* 


liat the A^afelitie of the yoaoger branch cootiodedi to flouriAi at 
Metber WiDcheodoa till the year 1735* when on the death of 
rraocU Tyrmgham, Efq. (SberifF for Bucks in 1727,) it pafled 
Jirft to Mary, aod then to Jane Tyriogbam, and from them to 
their CouHn GerniaQ aod aeareft furviving relation^ the late Sir 
Francis Hefhard, Bart, whofe youDgeil foa is the prefent poifeflbr* 

Nether Winchendon oever was in the pofTeffioo of the Back- 
Wells as aflferted by Mr. Gough, who mifiocerprets the words of 
Bifiiop GibfoQ. 

Ibid. Hbgfhaw fcwtnerly a Comnaandery of the Eniglits of St. 
loho, has been lately fold by the Earl of Warwick, to Mrs. Du- 
pre of Whiltoa Pafk. 

Hefter Temple, wife of Richard Greriville of Wootton, was 
treated Counteji Temple ; aad their graodfon is the prefent Mar- 
tinis of BuckinghaiA. 

Ibid. Thornton, the feat of the Tyrrblls, has lately pafled by 
marriage to Thomas Sheppard, Efq. 

Ibid. 32 K . Neilr Winflow is Middle Claydon, the magnificent 
feat of Earl Verney, whofe finances have fufiered confiderably by * 
the afdditional buildings and iiiiprovetiients. which he carried on 
at this place. Within thefe few years the furniture has been fold 
by fiuftioq, and the houfe is at prefent uninhabited. 

Ibid. iVhaddon Chace was left by the late Mr. Selby to his 
tieir at law if any could be found, which not being the cafe, it 
went .according to the provtfion of bis will to Williani Lowndes 
bf Window, Efq. who has fince taken the name of Selby. 

S. B.* 

Aai. VIII. To the T6pOojla]»H£S:# 

in addition to the communications, by M. Greeri^ (Vol. 11^ p. 
.34,). the following memorandums are at ydur ferVice. The 
church of Tillingham is a very refpe£lable editice, and excepting 
the tower and chancel rather modern. The whole ha^ lately under* 
gone a complete repair. Of this church I haVe enclofed a fouth 
iveftview^ which together with the vicarage houfe, may form a ptc^ 
iurefque plate if you think proper. To the epitaph of Edward 

*-' For this very full and ufeful Supplement to Mr. Gou^li*( AiKHtions 
to CaaiUeO) in BiUki^ vy« ut iodebceJ to ai aiuii valuable Corrcipondeoc. 

B b .,' Wyott 

ffSS Monument tf Eui» ie Arjic* 

Wfott cbmmuDicated as above^ add thcarnss, viz. iR and 4t!b 
on a fefs three iioos raiDpant between three boars heads cab6{h*d» 
—2d and jd, on a bend three core^(b choughs bet>veen two be- 
xants within a bordure engraHed, impaKng a chevron between 
three lioii» dexter gambs, erazed, on » chief aa eag^c difplay«d 

On a flat ftooe in the Chancel. 

Hic jacet Hvmfridvs Carbo Carbooe notaadv^ 

Non nigro, creta fed miniove tyo; 
Clarvit in Cleiro, nnlli pietate fecvodvs 

Coelvm Ti rapvit, Ti cape fi poteris* 

Ht was bnttcd the 27 of March 16249 
Being ag^d 77 ;cars» 

Heyhriige^ Effix. 
' Feb. 18, r7f6x Yoars, J. F. 

Art* IX. Monument of Emdo de Arfic. 

The monrasiental figure in Plate TI, is Eudo de Arfic, wba 
c^s^buried in the Church of Soathacre^ Ca Norfolk, 20 or 2 1 
fien. IIL 

V South- Acre was hdd of the Ear! Warren by Sir Eudo de Arfic 
tbout the rdga of Hen. I. His fbn Sir Eudo died 1 179, ieavifl^ 
a fon Sir Eudo, who died Sept. 11, 1246, i& whofe pofterity 
Scmthacre long ren>ained. Blocnfield in his Norfolk, (III, 416J 
thu$ dcfcribes Sir Euda's monuoKnt. *' In Arfic's Chapel ad* 
joining to the Aorth wall is a tombnone raifed about a foot and a& 
half from the ground, and thereon lies the effigies of a Kirighl 
Templar in his military veft crofs-tegg'd, his bands conjoined at 
his breaft, with a great broad belt and a (word, and a lion couch- 
ant at bb feet, all of flfoUe ; there is do infcrtptioa or anus, bur 
It is moft likely for Sir Eudo Harficke, fir/i of that oaoie, for tte 
monument befpeaks great antiquity.* 

The above engraving is from a tricked drawing in 'No. 580; 
among Harj. MSS. Brit. Muf. which afltgns it, (as before faid) 
to the Sir Eudo, who died about 20 Hen. ill, viz. the thirdSk 


AnT* X. jfT^wer to S. Fs Reply regarding WnU of Summons. 
U P^rJitument* 

Ifr. EoiTOiu 

I have uowarily led mjrfelf into t coatroverfy on a point urfaicfay 
if already determiDedf I 4oubc not had the advantage 9F muck 
greater abilities than mine in the deterounatioo : I have this how« 
ever to plead^ in excufe lor the boldnefs of attacking an eil«- 
blifhed rale, that, when I wrote my former letter, I did not 
know of the exigence of any fuch rule as that alluded to : and 
if my opponent (ioAead of addudog evidence to prove a truth L 
never denied*— that a Peer has no right to Jevy a fine, and dif- 
pofe of bis Bacony) iiad Vouched the authority of ^ fingle decifion 
of Parliament, in fuppon of the part he has taken in the queftioa 
between us, I certainly (hould not have troubled you again om 
the fubjcA — But, as that has not been done, I hope you will ia* 
dulge me wttji a corner io fome prt of your mifcellany, for a 
reply to the letter B. F. inferted in the laft number, p. 125. 

The leading ground which B. F. has taken, 10 prove the writ 
in this cafe does not effeA the creation of a new Peerage, is^ 
that the perfoo fummooed has the fame precedency as was enjoyed 
by bis anceftor who bad the fame title of honour ; and to this Im 
aflcs for mj objedions, which I fliall endeavour to give with as 
much brevity as poffible. The King, being the fountain of ho- 
bour, may, by virtue of his royal prerogative, jgrant titles of dig* 
mty to whomibeyer he pleafes ; and, the curtefy^ of Parliament 
may, in the cafe in queftion, ai&gu the precedency mentioned by 
B. F« but, neither the prerogative of the one> nor the curtefy oi 

* The pra^iceof fuminoniDj; to Paritament the eldeft foos of Peers* by 
the tides of their fathers' baronies, feems to have coiomeDccd. at leaft to 
have come into more general ufet ta the latter end of the laft eentury, and 
their precedency in thehoufe was then (tttlt^v bac, without the fummons, 
the eldeil fons of Earls or Dukes wen (long before tha^} in tit led to precc^ 
^ency of all Batons, in eirery public procew^n and folemnity in which ^cy 
lUd m right to attend s and, tHe giving the m place in Parliament according 
to the dates of their fathers* baronies, I take tt was a moderating meafure 
between the claim of the old Barooc to precedency according to their ere* 
i|tioDs (conlideriog thefe at new cieations) and the claim of chefe new fnm* 
niotted Barons as eldcft Tons of Earls, &c. This curtefy is become by^long 
ufage a right : but, as it is enjoyed in refpe^l of the fituacion of the father, 
it muft €eafe with tlie degradation of the father ; ts the eldeft Ton of a Duke 
t»eit^; a titular Marquiis, mud on the attainder of bis father ceafe to havtp 
dbe iitle of M«rauifs. evtn hy curtefy, 

; B b a (be 

.gM^ CKricia Grant ^fArmt. 

«iote aaceAor : and, to cvkuce tbe juftke of this obfervadon^ I 
fieed only remark, Uiat brothers or coufios of the-half blood caa- 
notimmedsatdy foccced to each other (by ioheritaocc) io fee fim- 
pie lands, -ovca thoagh tfaofe lands defceaded from their commoa 
saDceflor ; and yet, if that aciceftor have aA eftate uU ia iaads^ 
they may tOMaediately facceed each other thereki. 

Thefe are the ceofom which fiiggeft tbemfelvcs to me, and 
^bea better (in yoar opioioa) ai« offered on the fubjeft, wlie- 
ther they favour or deftroy the credit of my opioioa, 1 (hall bow 
to them with willing fuUmiffion.-^! will not iniift that B. F. in- 
tended to <jffcr the Baroaies of Town(hcnd of Lyao^ &c. a«: 
proofs of the doftrioe he had laid down, though the words of Jiis 
lirft letter juftify fach a conftruaion.— I will aot aver that Par- 
liament have aot dctermiocd the qoeftion, bat I know of no cafe 
that cottld make it a fubjcft for tbe judicial enquiry of Parliament 
.J-ood 1 believe it is not the practice of Coarc« of Law to deter^ 
inkie on ^^ueftions fuggeOed by fancy. 

THOMilS BLOa.£t 
Dtriy .19th March, 1790. 

Art. JH. jfiwrkus Graxt ^ Amu. 
To all thetn which fliaB Tec or hear this prefent lettrc Thomas 
tSrendall of Fentoaxoufin and beirc to John Beameys fometime of 
Sawtrcy, greeting. As the armes of the annceftors of the fay* 
John fiocc the day of Ws death by lawe ami right of inheritance' 
are efcheated unto mee as to the next heire of his linage, Knowe 
ycc that I the aforefayd Thomas hiive gcvcn and granted by thefe 
prefents the whole ^irmes aforefayd with thcyrc appurtenances 
unto Sir WiUiam Moigne, Knight, which armes are Argent^ a 
crdfs azure, 5 garhes or, to haa'e and to hould the fayd armes with 
tbeyr appurtenances t^ the fayd Sir William and his heires and 
afTignes for ever. In witnefle whereof I have to thefe prefent 
letters fet to my feale given at Sawtrey the 2 2 day of November ia 
the 15th yeare of King Richard the Second 1391.* 
Art. XII. Catalogue .of Paintings^ iyv. illujtratlve of Britijh 
TopTtgrapby, exhibited in 1776, being the /ighfh Exhibition. 

Motto.'^Laus nova nifi oritur ^ etiam Vitus amittitur. 

Pub. Syrus. 
12 A view of Car(halton, Slirry, Mckhior Barralet. 

.f4 A. view of beech trees in the park of W. Locke, Efq. 
Surry, Geo. Barret, R. A. 

• Bibl. Cott. Julius C. YII, ^. 7. 


Cafahgue of Paintings, ^r. i^ 

15 A view of Hampton Courr, and the river looking towardb 

Thames Ditton, j W. A. Barrow. 

16 A view of Stoke in Bucks, The faine^ 
21 Phn and elevation of the princrpal front defigoed for tb Towa 

Hall at Hath, £. Bdkr 

51 A view of London from Black Friars Bridge, C. Catton, jaa* 

52 A ditto of Weftminfter from Weftffllnfter Bridge, The {am^ 

54 Mr. Hoar ell feat in Somcrfetfiure, John Cerraiu 

55 A view 30 miles from Exeter, The famew 

76 Gordal, near Malham, in Craven, Yorkftiire, H. T. Dall-, A. 

77 A view near Fountain's Abbey, Yorkfture, The fame. 

106 The Briftol Hot Well Hoafe, and St. Vincent's Rock, 

Edmund Garvey, A* 

107 Ditto near the Ferry, The (amc 
'108 The rocks called Hare Hole, near Lnlworth Cafile, the feal 

of Edward Wdd, Elq. The fame* 

*I09 Ditto called Barns-door. The fame* 

1 10 Ditto 00 Portland Ifland near the Chapel, The f<ime* 

J 14 North- caft view of Windfor Caftle, Henry GiMcr^ 

117 S. E. view of the Abbot's Tower, with the churches All. 

Saints and St. Lawrence, Evefliam, Co. Wore. 

Val. Green, A. 
163 A view in Plalhct Park, near Lewes, James Lambert* 

166 A drawing of a fummer-hosfe in Lady Pelham's Park, 

Efher, Surry^ Thomas Lee. 

185 The market-place at Pontefraft, flamed drawing, 

Thp. Malton, Jan. 

186 Ditto at Beverley, Yorkftiire, ftained drawing. The fame.' 
205 Aview ofWindforCaftle from Cranbourne Wood, E.Oram. 

'2 19 A view of the City and Port of Rochefter, R. Paton. 

245 ViewofChcpftowCaftle, Monmouthfhire, J Richards, R.A« 
252 The cieliog executed in the Grecian Haliat'Kedlefton, L6rd 
Scarfdale's. Geo. llicbardfon* 

a6o The crofs ifle of Bayhamp -■ 

Abbey, SofTex, \ n .^^ I 

261 A part of King's College< "*^^^ A. 

Chapel, Cambridge, / ^f*^>«g* I 

.262 Kirkftall Abbey, York(hire,L J 

271 Part of Bangor, P. Sandby, R. A. 

278 Brown Sea Ifland and Caflje near Fool, belonging tQ Hum- 
phry Stort, STq^ .Doisiaick Serres, R. A. 

^59 Sottib- 

t94 Aciwwiedgimints U &rr^mUHlf. 

ft 79 Sontli-veft ^ew of the lOaod of Lundy in Briftol Chtnnct' 
beloogtag to Sit John Ebrlace Warren^ Baru The famc^ 

302 Parking, Surry, Ch* 'tomkios. 

303 Northaw Cborcb» Hertfordfliire,^ The£acme. 
317 A view of SioQ Hoofe from Hichuiofid Gardens,, 

fe.Wilfon/ R.A. 

332 Two views in North Wales, G. Gains, tl. 

333 A view of the Queen's Palace^ Jo. Serrts, H« 

341 A view in Ri(by Park, By a young lady, FL* 

342 A view of London Bridge^ vnih Si. Mi^nns Church, fro» 

Fifh-ftfeet Hilh By a young gentleman.- 

343 Parade at Margate, , Mr. Eyre, H* 

344 Part of Canterbury Catliedral, The fame. 

346 Caiftor CaOlc, Norfolk, the bouft Cff £iir Jod.n FalftafF, 

Capt. F. Grofe. 

347 Keep and leaning tower of CaerpUly ^aAle, Giaioorganihirey 

The fame. 
.349 A view in North Wales, By Mr; TTobio, H. 

351 Shakfpear's ClifFat Dovef; as it appeared 1767^ before tHe 

fall of its fummit, G. Keate, H. 

357 Hever Caftle, Kent. By a oenilcniao, H. 

.360 A drawing of the front of WooIlcrtOQ Hall, By a lady, H.* 
37 1 A view of Windermere Lake, Weftmoreland, vtaken on For- 

nefs Fell, Lancafiiire, By John Feary. 


We an obliged U our Gain/borough correfpondent for his accouhi 
of the old Hickman Manjion at that place^ but as we intend em* 
boding it with other noteSy it cannot appear till the next Numhein 
We are alfo obliged to a new Buckingham/hire corr^Jpor^dent, Mr^ 
Knapp^ for an excellent Pedigree of the Lords ofGothurJl^ ft-om 
Browne JViirns MS. which Jhallbe infer ted in our next. We 
Jhall alfo ejleem his promifed drawing of a monument ^ a particular 

^Church Notes of Stanford on Soar in the County of NoHin^ham^ 
are received from our valuable correjpondent 7, B. and Jhall he 
inferted in our next ifpoJfibU. 
Leji^our Correfpondent s may fimctinies be difappointed at not feeirtg 
their communications admitted into the Nufnber of the month. In 
which they are fent, we beg thenl to fend their letters early, ^- 

. caufe at tbis time of the year it is nechffarftb get forward /# 
provide againft Summer excurjions. 




A Variety of Original Articles, 






For APRIL, 1790. 

Being No. IV, of Vot. 11. 


JRuflitll, C«. StUF. 

p. i97fNbiibttry» the ancienc SaX of die 

MS. Colleaions for th« Hiflory , \ Fitrherbcrcs 

of Weblcy, Co. Heref • '. * £04 
ThcLeye ' lot 

Pedigree of tb« l4irds of Gochurfty 

CuricNi$ Wai of Hew^A $^ . 

Gray of CgilDpr 11 j 

MonrngtonCo.'Httefk with the 

dtfcorery these of Q^n Glcn- 

dower's bocty - i'l 5 

Tour thro* the Midland Counties 2x6 
&vdbury« Lord VtraofV Seat 2x7. 


Lord Scnfford^s Meditations in 
the Toweri a beautifal |J8. 
Poem 134. 

6ainflx>roti)rh, Lincotnlhirt 1)6 
Monumental Inicription at Scan- 
ford on Soar, Co. Nott. 242 
Qaeries regarding Baronies in fee 246 
Ditto regarding Bradtxincby Co. 
' Dcv. 247 
Aa Hertldrictl Pfiem ibid 
Hiilory of ReptQi^ Town and 
Priory, Co. Derb. 249 

Embclliflicdwith two elegant Engravings of Repton Church 
and Priory,' and an ancient Tomb in Norbnry Church. 


Printed for R o b s o n, Newr Bond Street, J. Walks r, Pater- 
nofter Row^ and C. Stalkbr, Stationers Court, Ludga<e 
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Engravings, and a copious Index, or any fingle Numbers • 


Jlfr. Pennant has juft publiihed in one Volume 
Quarto, with Plates, his Antiquities of London, 
which fliall be foon reviewed. 

Mr. Hajied intends publiihing his long«expedled 
J'bird Volume of. The Hijiory of Kent^ in May, 
or June, of which an account fhall be given as foon 
as it appears. 

There will fhortly be publiflied an Engraving in 
Aquatint of the Ruins of Sudeley Cajile andQhurcb 
in the County of Glouccfter, in the latter of which 
the body of Queen Catharine Parr was buried, and 
was lately difcovered in extraordinary prefervation^ 
— ^From a drawing by the Rev. Cooper Willyams^ 
Vicar of Ixning, in Suffolk, who will add a fhort 
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The Price is not yet afcertained, but'it is fup- 
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As this Species of Engraving will admit but few 
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T O P O G R A P H JE R> 

For a P R i L> 1790. 

Being Namber IV. of VoL tL 

Art. I. Colknioyis for tbt Hiftory ofRujbail, Stajfordjbirtl 

RUSRaLL is fitaated in the fouth-eafl borders of the 
county in the Hundred of Offlow. The following account 
of this placets uken partly from a MS. copy ofErdlwic, and 
fome imperfedl papers coIle£led by Wm. Walker of Alderidge» 
In Stafibrdlhire. <^ Walftiall water pailing on runneth through 
Kutball. XX^ of the Conqueror Rob. held it of William, fori 
of Anfrulf About H. i tyme Nigeilus was Lord thereof. Ni- 
gellus had liTue Oibert, who had iflfue Richard, who had ifTuc 
Richard, who had iffue Alice, married to Sir Hugh Bowles, Kt. 
who had iflue by her William,* of whom from Mr. Wiilker*s 

Vii William Boweles dns de Ruflale. 

<< William BoweUs fone andheyr to William Boweles of Rudialo, 
of playn age at the decees of his fadir entride into the nndpor of 
Rulhale, and took to wyf JnneySy ye eldijle doghtir (f itenry 
Hxmbury^ Squier, fifter to Sire fienry Hambuty, Knyght, the 
\vhiche dwellide at Knyghtesjeldes in a faire maner in Hambury • 
pariftie bcfyde Tuttebury. The whychc William Boweles was a 
thryfty Squyer and a wel rewlid and a good l\pwaioidere. >^nd 

• Who, fays EHfWic. lud ifluc Williatii, who ha«l iflue a ihrd \Vil- 

liam, who had iflue Katherine, firft married to John Hewer, by wkoai <he 

. had iflue Elizabeth, married to Thomas Herftall, and ^'largaret married 

CO WilKam Srorkley; Katherine was married afterwards to i^ohcrrGro- 

btrd; who had ilBioby her William Groberd^ that called hioiftlf Ruihall. 

e c he 

f qS CfUeatons fit fh$ Hlftory tfRuJlratt^ tfi. 

he had iflii by Anoeys hi^ vyf WtUiam Boweks. The wJiycBe 
WiUiam at the age of inan his fadir married to EUxabit^ tig 
4oghtir of Sire John Gyffirde^ Ktr/gbt^ Lord of Chylynlm^ as Id 
a fya rerid in tlie Kyngis court a^ vii^ E. IIL makith mentioe. 
Where WiUiam Bowelos the fadir took an eftate of the maner o£ 
Rulbalc to of bis lifc» the remayndre to WiUiam tbtfom and 
' Elizabet bis wjf^ and to the iflfa of here two bodies begotos* 
And ion a fewe yeeris aftir the fyn was rerid the faid WiUiam 
the fadir and Aaneys his wyf deyde, aad fo the remayndre 
of the feyd manor of RuAale fell to WiUiam Boweles /^^ fauf 
and to EUzabit his wjf. 

<' via WUUam Bowelcs das de RuTshate, 

«* William Bovnles (one add heyr to WlUiam Boweles laft re- 
herfed was of pleyo age at the dccees of his fiidir, and dweUidc 
at the Manor of Rufshale, and Elizabet his wyf with him bote 
fcwe yeeris. They had iflfae Katryne, and thence from the grete 
peflilence in amio xx^ of the laft Kynge E. in the whyehe the feyd 
William Boweles deyde, and Elizabet his wyf oatlyrede, aad Ka^ 
ferine his. doghtir and heyr was maried io hire fadires dayes to 
John Hewiu Sqaycr, dwclJynge at Wa^aU. And the fayd 
Elizabet took to hufbande WUliam Colefone, and the feyd Eli- 
zabet and William Colefone here hufbande dwelden in the maner 
of Rufshale that was here ioyntore manye yeeris. And the feyd 
J^hn Hewit and Kateryne hadde ifiu two doghtiris EUzabit axd 
Margarete. Elizabet mariede to Tbomas HtxtaUe^ Sqoyer, and 
Margarece mariede to IViUiam Stoikeley, Squyer, and thene the 
fcyd John Uewityrzs JJayn, and thene the fayd Kateryne was 
weddid to Robert Grobbere^ Squyer, and hadde iflu by the leyde 
Kateryne, William Grobbere, and thede deyde the' feyde Kate- 
ryne eer hire fone WiUiam were twelve months oldj and thene m 
the lade yccris of Kynge Edward the thridde deyde the feyde 
Elizabet aftir the decees of hire doghtir Kateiyne, and thene des 
cendede the manor of Rufshale to WilUam Grobbere, fone and fcyr 
to Kateryne withinne age. And thene was the maner of RuiT- 
hs)le feyfid in the handis of Henry Btty/sbury^ as Lord of Buyff- 
bury in as muche as the Maner of Rufshall is holdea of the Ma- 
Bor of Buyfsbury by the fourthe part of z'Knyghtis fee. And io 
as much as Robert Grabber^ fadir to the feyde William Grobbere 
was in playn lyfe at the decees of ^Elizabet^ grandmo£r to the 
feyde WiUiam, the marriage aad the warde of the body of the 


ColUeitms for tie HiJIorj wfRuJbaB^ (it. f 99 

feyd WiHiam loogidc by lawe to hU own ifadir Rnhert GroUcrtt 
mud to no man ellis. 

ix Wiinam Grobbcre das de Rufsbale. 

'* TFiUidm GrAhtre fone aad heyre to Robert Grobbere an4 
Kateryoe his wyf, and alfo cofyne and enberiter of the Maner of 
Rufshaie aftlr his grandmodir Elizabet that deyde feyfid as of 
here joyntare of the feyd Maner of Rufshaie whos mariagef WU-^ 
Ham Cole/one boght6 of Robert Grobbere, the fadir to the (eyd 
William. Aad alfo the feyd William Colefone bc^hte the wards 
of the Maner of Rurshale of Henrp of Buffibury duryoge the nonn- 
age of the feyd WiHiam Grobbere* And fo the feyd Williaa 
Colefone hadde bothe the warde of the Maner of Roiahale, and 
alfo th« manage of the feyd William Grobbere, the whydie bothe 
wairde and manage the feyd William Colefone folde to WilUam 
Waljbale^ Squyer, that was Nevewe to the feyd William Cole* ' 
fone, and the feyd William WalOiale was i thrifty Sqoyre, and 
on of the Marfludlis of Kynge Richards halfe of grete power by 
the Kyngis amoricee. And the feyd William WaKhale martede 
the (ayd William Grobbere to his doghtir Kateryne. And by- 
canie the fcyde WilliaBi Grobbere was^ Lord of Rvfshale, the < 
feyed William WaUhale nfide Xi^ calle him WiUiAtn ofRufshaU^ 
and fo al the cnntre tifyde to calle him, and callide him Williana 
of Rufshak al his lyfe.'* 

TKe remainder of this MS. being Io(V, we mnft return to 
Erdfwic, who fays this William *^ had iffue EKanor, married to 
Sir John Harpur, Knti who had iflke Wiliiiam Barpur,* who had 
ilTue another Sir John Harpur^ Knt. who had ifliie Rob« Harpnr^ 
Dorothy, and Elizabeth. 

Robert had iflfoe Dorothy, married to Sir Anthony Knighton, 
and after to Sir Richard Egerton, Knt. but had noiflue; fo 
that the lands came to her two aunts. Dorothy was married to 
Thomas Hood of Bridgenorth, who had iflue by her Frances^ 
married to Thomas Farmer. Frances alfo died without iflfue. 

Elizabeth was married to William Legh^f fon of Sir Roger 
Leghe of Wellington, which Sir Roger was fon of Richard, a 
iecond fon of John Leghe of the Ridge in Cbeflilre. 

'^ From his younger brother Henry are faid to be defcended the Harpvri 
of.Calke, fiarcs. 

t From his younger brother Thomas defipeadcd th« Lords. Leigh of 
StMplfV-chpfipof Addleftrop, &c. 

C € ^ William 


HOO Cotl^ahns for the Hijlory of Rujhallj t^e. 

W illlam Leghe had ilTue Henry, vrho had iiTue Edwardt who poT* 
TeflTeth Rulhall, and hath iflfae Henry Leghe, both living Anno 1597* 

In Rufhall is a fine feat of a houfe, the houfe buiU about with 
a wall and a gatehoafe of fiooe all embattled caftlewife, where i« 
alfo a parke.* 

It Aill belongs to a defcendant of the fame name, and fome oC 
|he embattled walls are remainiDg. 

Edward Leigh, the anthor qf the Critua Sacra, or critical 
obiervatioas upon the Hebrew and Greek words of the Old and 
New Te^amen^s, in which h^ (hewed fo great (kill in languages 
that Archbiflvop y(t\cr had a great refpe£t and kindnefs for him; 
a bod^ of Divinity, and many other learned works ; was de« 
fcended of the Leighs, Lords o^ this town» and was buried ia 
the Chancel of this Church, June i67i.t 

Dr. Plott in Ms Natural Hiilory takes notice of a verj fine 
llmcilone that polifhe^ like marble, which is got in the focthera 
parts of this county ; (^ ^nd all about Walfall, particularly at 
Rafhall, in the lands of the learned Henry l^gh, Cfq."^ 
Speaking alfo of iroa ftonc, he fays, " at Walfall and Ru(haU 
they alfo divide their iron-ore ^ntp feveral forts, fuch as, i . BlacK 
bothum. 2. Graybothum^ 3. Chafterpye, being of the colour 
lof'a Magpye. 4. Gray meafurci 5. l/lu{h. 6. White mea- 
fure, the two firft whereof are fe|dopi made ufe of, they are fo 
very poor ; the two middle forts but indiflTerent ; the two laft the 
principal forts ; but Mujh the bed of all, being iqany tim^s fiUad 
with a briflv fweet liquor, which the workmen drjok greedilyii 
and fo very rich an ore that they fay it may be made into iron in 
a « common forge." ** The fourth, and beft fort of iron, th^y 
call tough iron, of which they make al) forts of the beft wares^ 
there being nothing fo good but may be made of this, for which 
they have their ore chiefly at Rvk(hall, in the grounds of the Wor« 
(hipfpll Henry Ugh. Efq.4" 

*f And thus I had finimcd my account of the iron ores foond 
in this county, but that I thinjc the fwert liqiior that aitend^ 
fome of th^m, may deferve a little further confideratioq, whereof 
f received a tnoft accurate account from the Worihipful Henrf 
Leigh of Rufh^lI, Efq. in ^yhofe Is^ndi, particularly in the Mill^ 
me^^ow, in the Parl^ ; in the Mofs-dofe, near the old vicaridge 

* Erdf^ic'-s Staffordihice. Ex CoUeft. fldlmian. M«f. 9nt| BiU* 
2|arl. 1990. 

+ Mag. Brit. Vol. V, p, 13. 
X Plou's Stafford (hire, p. tii^ 
^ lUid. p. ^59, acd iOi« 

OtUalmsfor tht Hijl$ry rfRuJbatl, bfc. loi '. 

Ii^ttfe, and near the furnace piece or Lcfow, it is frequently met 
^itharooDgi^ tbebcft fort of Iron^Jioiu^ cMcd Mupi in round 
pr oval blackiHi and redifli ftanes, foraetimes as big as the crowo 
of ones hat, hollow and like a bcny-comb within, and holding a 
pint of this lOatter; which according to the colour of the comi 
within, (whatever the ftone be without) is cither r/^, or whiUp 
and whether the one or the other, of a fwe^c iharp tafte^ very 
cold, and cntting, yet greedily drank by the workmen."* 

MofeIey*s Oolcpenny, which is diftributed yearly upon Twelfth 
Day, at \Vai(hall and the adjacent villages, is alfo given to all 
poor people refiding in this parifli at th^t time, and in the 
circumftances as thofe of Waifliall, on which account, this vil- 
lage is thought to have been formerly a part of the forraigm 
of WaiftiaiK It was cail^ Mofeiey's Dole, becaufe one Tho- 
mas Mofeley was the Donor. / Plott fays ** they (i. e. the 
Mayor and Commonalty of Waifliall) put as much of it to the. 
fame ufe, as the number of perfons both in the Burg and Foraigne, 
and parifli of Rufliall, require; which commonly now amounts 
to about two or three and twenty pounds, the whole manor 
yeilding them a hundred pounds per annum, or thereabout." This 
benevolent cgfiont is not confined to this neighbourhood alone. 
For at Stone in the fame County is an annual charity about 
Chriflmas very fimilar, which is ajfo called a Dck* 

The following particulars and monumental infcriptions are from 
Mr. Walker*s MS. as above. 


** William RufTas (or Rous) of Walfall for the canfe of God and 
fnrtherance of piety by his deed (fans date) gave to the Abbey 
of Hales Owen the Church of Wnllall with the chapters and np- 
ptirten^!)oes, to which Abbey this Church of Rufhall paffcd, 
^s being tlwn a chnpel^ appertaining to Waflfall The time of 
makeing the above dcod will appppar in the witnefles thereto (viz«) 
Pijs Teftibus Domino Willielmo Covcotriae Epifcopo: &c. thit- 
witnefs being Williani dp Cornehull confccraied January 25," 
1215, died June 19, 1^23, (Godwin de Pra. page 20.) 

Not long after (viz.) in the year 1248, De Wefeham, then 
pifliop of Coventry and Llcbfidd, ordafaapd 9 Vicar for thii place • 

♦ Ibid. p. »s^, •n^i6tr* . 

MS. Colliatousfir ili, Hlft9ij of^u/ball^ tfc. . 

(Jnter Jlia) vrith an anoual flipeod of jo piarHes all offeriag; 
or oblatioDS and robes &c. M. A. T. .2, p. 656. 

John Harpar Efq. about the year 14449 22d Henry VI. en- 
dowed this Vicarage^ and feems alb by the followiog Hoes wrote 
on vellam in the old Cl^urch-Book of Rufhall not only to have 
endowed it then but alfo i[iirniihcd and rebuilt k. 

This pnsfent book legebile in fcriptnre 
Here in this place thus tatched with a chey^ 
Porpoifed of entent for to endure. 
And here perpetuelli ftylie to remeyne ; 
Fro tyre to eyre wherefore appooe peyn 
Of Cryft is curs of Fadres and of Moderes 
Non of hem hens atempt it to dereyoe 
Whille ani leef may goodelt hange with oder; 
Bat for as moche that noo tbyng may endure 
That urthely ys alwey the trowe certeyn 
Whenfoever thys book hereafter in Scriptnre 
' Eyder in koverying begynneth caufe ayeyn 
All' tho therto that diligence doth or peyn 
Hit to reforme be they on or other 
Have they the pardon that Crifte gave Magdal^ 
With datlt bleflyng of fader and of moder 
Gret reafon wolde that e?^y creature , ^ 

Meved of corage on rede or Seyn 
Shuld hym remembre in prayer that fo fure 
Both preifl and place and Botes juft ordeyn, 
At his gret cod John Harpur noght to byn ^ 
Wherfor in fpeciall his eires with all odtr 
Aa byly bondon to pray the fover^yn 
Lord of all hordes prefent hym tp his moder. 

In the JSIalendv of which faid book in the 2otK of January^ 
is ,thc foilowbg entcy. 

HugS^aU tcclA facer ||£( foit et locust e.ttf « ianno 9^U 
Uno € quattr n tibi pif no« 

Thomas Stbefton of Pelfal, by his deed in writing dated the 
6tb of AnguA, 16 Henry VIU gave a moifty, or half part of one 
field caUcd Lydeal Field in RoOiall, uoKQ the uCe and behoof of 
the maintenance mending and repairing of the Church of Saint 
Michael in RuOiall. aodi \k^ praameots tberfof for ever. 

' (OHif'O 

. (Obtit's) 15th January. Obitaa Willi" Ruyfshak Anrngcr^ 
Anno Dom* m^ccccxxix. 

14th February. OKtus Willi Balle nup* Vicarii 
Ecclie Scti Micbaelis de Rufshale Anno Dom. mcccclviii. * 

_^ 5 th March. For the folic of Margaret Harpur and 

7 th May. Obitas Elizabeth* queftiit Ux*WiIB 
Ruyfshale Armigeri Anno Dom. mcccgxxx^. 

loth July. Obitus Roherti Colman Anno Dom. 
M^'ccccXLVii^ qui Dedit vi^. & Yiiid. Redditns Annual 
.... Carati Ecclie Sti. Michis de Rufshale. Ibid, in per- 

29th Sept : ObitQs Johis Harpur et iSenofr' Ukor' 

^^^3131 tit Jviii etanno SDom: mfllmo CCCCsw; 
%5f ma. T^llto; oblit 30600 ^tjarpur Sitmis: at torn: 
U HusffQeaie Int/ toram lepttmam et ottabam 90ft no« 
natn» cujust antint propfcf etur SDeu0> SLmzn^ 

Buried in the Grey Friars, Lkhfield. 

Burials. Lewes fecond fon of Sir Edward Ldgh, Knt, Doai; 
de Ruftiall, - - - . ^ - . a4th April, 1624. 
Richard third fon of ditto - - - 13th Auguft, 1630. 

*^The only remaining monument of this femily in th?s church la 

the following, being upon t fiatt ftone in the foitih chancel^ 

to them belonging. 

*' Here lieth the bodys of Samuel Leigh, Efq. grand ron of Sir 
Edward Leigh, Knight; and fon of Henry Leigh, of Rufhalt^ 
in the County of ScafTord, Efq. by Dame Ruth Scudimoarp 
widdow and reliA of Sir Philip Scudimour, Knt. and daughter 
of Sir Edmund Hampden, of Buckinghamlhire. 

And Ann his wife, eldeft daughter of Thomas Cornwdlif, 
of Lincoln, Efq, and grandaughter of Sir Charles CornwalliSg 
of Brooip-Hall, in the County of Suffolk, Knt. who was Trea- 
furer to Prince Henry, and Embaffadour In Spain for King Jtaca 
the Firft, He departed Anno 1651 ; and (he in 1684. 

In the north ^hapel built by the late Edward Leigh, Efq. 

Hie Inhumator Gulielmus Strong. Matas eft. Anno i^%%i 
Dcnegatus 1698. 

^ She was daughter of John Rowlfton of Tatbury. 

ft04 aOi^ionsfir the HiJI^ry efRyflfoB, Wi?. 

In the middle ille; 
Here lyeth the body of Thomas Worfcy, who died Mardi 2fi 
I739» *8«* ^?* 

Art. IL MS. CotUmonsfir the Hiftary ofWehUf^ 
in Herefordjhire* 


MxReg. Trillec. p. 30. 13491 Sept. 1 1. Admiffio ad VI- 
cariam de Webbeley ad prefeQtationem Prloris ct Coveotus 
L'AnthoDi prime in Wallia fpcftant/ 

Ex MS. Cantar. Mayl In Wcbley was foutided a Chauntry 
tothefervicc of St. Nicholas not long before the Diffolutioa, 
to which atnong other things was gi^cn the Mador rf BtackhnU 
in King's Peon ; and it was a wealthy foundation but fold to 
Mr. King's anccftors at Hereford. It was then valued at 

jf.6 13/. id. - 

Another Chauntry to our ^dy of fmall revenue fold 7. E. 6* 
inter alia to John Harford and John Farley. 
' There was alfo fomc rents pven to the fcrvice of tht Rood 
in Webley. Ex Eod. 

' Ex MS. Reg. Priorat. de Wormjlej penes G. Mayl. William 
de Fennehampton^ the fonnc of Richard de Fennehan^ton gave to 
the Church of St Leonard's of Pijon certain acres of land which 
lye in the field called Syihemore, with the homages, fcrvices> 
cfcheats, &c. thereunto belonging. 

Ex eod. Roger Hopley gave to St. Leonard's, of Wormflcy, 
and to the Prior and Canons thereof a certain pafturc without 
the village of Wcbley at the new bridge by the crofs lying be- 
twixt the land of Roger de SarnsfieU and the King's high way, 


Ex Mod. John Gernon gave to the Church of St. Leonard* 
of Pijon a meadow called Bradnedewe^ that which lyes on the 
north fide of Monnemedewe as alfo a certain yearly rent which ht 
was wonl^to receive of the land which Henry the fonne of Tagi 
did hold of him in the village of tVohbeL 

As alfo a competent inclofure out of my wood of Gemfft^n^ 
to (hut up the (aid meadow as oft as need requires. 

• That iti Corner's Towne. 


dflLahns fir ihi Hift^ offf^ihUyi, 90 j 

,i find in the 5th of Eilward VI. tenements belonging to the 

chab.try of our lady, the lands belongrng to it in the parifh of 

u^cbbelcy held in chief of the Lord Ferrers^ and - - - - 

•fWbningtcD, Gent. Ex MS. Mayl Die Canxar. 

The Chauntery of St. Nicolas within the church was founded ' 
by John Chapman, and Alite Baker, which gave f he Manor of 
filackhall, with the apptirrenances m the Co. of Hercf. par-t m 
Webbeley,. and part in Kin^pew^ and other lands and tenements 
for thclinaing' a pried to celebrate them, and to pray for all the 
founders. Sir James Morgan was the laft Prieft there. This out 
rftbe C9py of the Survey takeik i Edw, VI, In 7 EHz. it was fold 
to Sir Chrifiopher Hdtton, who fold to John King the faid Ma- 
iaor ^4Eli2. . . . ». . 

Ex Reg Swinf. Epi p. 43; Philippus de TVougton capellanui 
dd Yicaiiam Ecclefie dc Wcbble ad prefcnt. Prioris et Gonvcntus 
Ljinthonte pr'me 1 2.S7, 

dh the foutH fide of the towne are the remains of the Caflle, 
which w^J. kept by one William Talebot agaioft K. Stephen foir 
the behoof 6f .Maitd the Enipreft^ and her fon, but it, as its 
hcighbour Hereford, was fgrced at length to yield to the fortunes 
o( k. Stephen f with the town of Li/iiW. 

In JVebtteley contineatuf 5 hide quas Domina Margeria de 
Lacy de novo tenet per precept. Domini TViUielmi Archiep. 
Ebor. & indittitionem Domini Regis per fervic. milit. de bonore 
de JFehheley. 

In JVebbeley 5 bide qvie nuu4uarh refpondere folebant de Scd- 

The Virdsns were of great trull in Ireland^ and there f^imdd 
for their valor and wifJom. 

. In a chapel on the northfide ttie church in a window 4s 0. fret. 
G. Verdon, 

In the chancel, od the northfrde, aii ancient tomb of *one in 
clpfe armour, w}th a lion lying at his feet, with thfe creft of a 
inan's head out of a crown iffuing by the ricck, long-bearded, 
and a wreath about his forehead Near him on the wnll hangs 
up a wooden fiiietd with the arms of Devereux, Over agninft it 
on the fouthfide, another fliicld hangs up ^M)^ a crofs engrailed 
betwixt ^ Jpeeir-heads, I could not diflern the colours; the 
people fay it was the Governor's of the Cadle. 

A little lower near the remains of the quire are the ancient 

r^^gies of a man in clofe- armour, and a vl^oman. Under the 

maa's head lies his helmet with the like crcft as before^ and a 

' D d lioa 

fo6 Collefflons fir the Hijforfe/tf^iSIeJr 

lioQ at his feet; there is oo coat-armogr about them, bat tra^ 

derneath^ on a very ancient ftone, and of a very ancient inak^ 

are thefe letters yet left; viz. HVGIS lASCII. Censbium 


On the fomb fide» &c. as under Bridget. 

Mon. Jngl. p* X 15. Walt^ de Lacy gave to tfcc Church of 
$U Feter in Hereford, Avhich he bimfelf r^iere buHt unam viilt'- 
num in Weheleya in Hitfordfehin \ thlt I beK^e is the land and 
fervice of one villain. 

King St^hm took the Caftk at WAUJt^ which was kept i<k 
Maui the Emprefi^ accorcTing to the oath whkb Heir* I, in his 
lifetime, caufed the nobles to fwear, and afttr it LtuBowe^ Saif^, 
ice. which occafioned Robert, Eao*! of Gbmcifhr, baftard (ak of 
%,,Hinry, to advife h!s lifter, the Emfnfsf over out x>{ AnAgga^ 
vin into Engknd, and was the origioal of z great >irarr here. 
£x MS.' Anna Hifl. lib. 3. penes me. 

It haih been very anciently -famed for its Currto or ale^ of 
which are made in Brhfifi' Rythms moft famous encomiums. 
A drink, £iyth Camdeq, oq Derby, fo called of the Danifh word 
4elat fomewhat wreAed, and not of Alicia, as RueKvs deriveth 
it. The Britatns termed by an old word Ka^m^ inflead wheregf 
Cumis is read a<aifle in Brpfcondens, where he laith that the 
iri(hmen in lieu of wine ule Curnh, a kind of drink made of 
barley; and this is 4hat JB^rr/ry-fviWof ours, which Julian the 
Emperor, that Apoftate, c^Ucib merrily m an epigram, tlv^rtu^ 

When Offa renders the Tand^ at Wejt^ury asd Hanlury to the 
Church of Worcefter, he excepts at IVeftbvry thefe fi^icesy a 
runne full of clear ale ; aad a cumbe, (tf> quarts) fuU of fmaller 
ale, and a cumbe of Wel(h ale, befides other fervices. Ex AUnh 
Jng.p. ia6. 

There was a payment to the fiid church, alfo ont of the lands 
at Breodune of 3 cuppes fuH of ale, and* i n d»feu Brftanmcor 
eerviji0 ; 3 hoggefiieads of Welfh ale, quorum unum Jit melte 
iulcoratum ; of which one was to be fweetened with honey. Msf 

Eod ^ 139- 

To the Lepars houfe at ReaSng after every *iy there was ttt- 

. allowance among them tbus^ that the Eiimofinarius Tfuniftrat 

9mni tempore Jingulis eorum finguloi tanei Armigeror* et fmgvie» 

' galones Cervifia mediocrh^ iia quoa dmt partes Jirtt ie Ceroljie^ 

Mlitumf ttrtin de delle con't^ntm.^Ex Beip* 420* 

. Thif^ 

TKii u tbat aockot aad pecoliar 4riok of the Englififmn, fioce 
Iterc farted aUa of the Britains^ from Mrbeoce faith my iogeoiouo 
-frieod Mr. Btrlertbead upon a paflage in AriftotU^^ they took the 
oame Britaint^ B^imw being yhaun Hordaceum. 

In Raftall's book of eotries an aleman brought his aSionoD the 
cdfc agjMoft hia irm*ir £or fpoiliog his tfZf by pmtiogia a certaia 
«c;n^ called a hof^, and recovered daniages againft lits brewer. § 

WeUey ia a. oaarJcoc town^ wtee is a goodly caflle but fome-' 
^bal in decay, it was tlie chief Lord(h»p of the Devenux^ 
There is a fan- cafib of my Losd Ferren. The CaAIe of Letf^ 
fkfU,'f of feme wiitteti LionflfoUy is a two mile from WibUy. k 
belonged alfo to xht Droenux^ and there is a park. The very 
-old ix>rds of Lenflmil were the Adarhums. This caftle came to 
Devereux by the heir general pf Marhurge. Lcl, IV. 175. 
VU. 151. 

Webley bekxiged anciently to the LacUs^ was afterwards th« 
chief Barony of the Vcrdons, fronr whom failing heirs male it 
devolved by a daughter to Devereux.X The coheirefs of the laft • 
£arl of EJfex forviving her hufband Seymour Dukeof Somerie^ 
deviCed it with ^bev large «ftates to her grandaughter^ married 
to the AoceOor of the Marquis of, Bath, <o whom with •the par- 
iiamentaury iocereft ^ver the Borough it now belongs. , 

The fite of the caftle is vifible on the fouth fide of the towtu 

The church is large and well buUt haying an handfome fptr^ 

. Aeeple, the top whereof with rhe crofs was blown down about 

^ 1640, and not repaired tiU 1675. Ooe bar of iron wUob fell 

wadi \% weighed 3001b. 

* 8ed oil. locum in Ariftot? 

4 Htfl. MSS. i^\^. 

t However die Dcrereuxes are faid to Yiwfc Keen liosdf of LeenbAl 
temp. John.' et Henry. II L Supben de Edrtim had a gnmt of market 
and fair here s. Henry IlL^WiUiam Touchot had another grant of 
the fame here 1 3 Edward 11^— John do Vere £arl of Oxford anochpr 14 
Edward III. and the famous Sir Simon Burley another 7 and S Richard 
II.— Licence of imprifoning thieves in this caAle here was granted t» 
Sir Simon Burley 1 Richard II. — Vide Hari. MSB. ut fupr. p. iii. 

There is a place of the name of St. Devereux in thtt County, but the 
Above Ms. p. 5S- faysy " ic hath received the name of Si. Druneutc very 
corruptly; 1 never heard of any fuch Saint, but that furname beinf^ freq[uenC 
in the mouths of the vulgar, they «xchan^d it for St, IMrJ$im, who 
Mtaa Archbifliop of Caerleon, ^c'* 

t Gou^h's Camden, XL 459* 

J9 da Ii| 

20S GolUefms for the Hjft^ry $f WihUy'. 

In the chancel :s an alabafter figure of a Knight in armioar, m 
his helmet I. H. S. No arnis or iofcription. They arc probably 
Verdhm. ' " 

In St. MichaelVChapcI belopglng to Uitk Sarnefield and the 
MbningtoQs its Lords, arc the arms of Verdon in the Mrtndows* 
and the alabafler figure of a Prief^, of whofe infcriptioQ was icr 
gibic 1675 only ohiit & cujus anima. 

Here is ^ fmall market on Thiirfdays and three fairs. Bft-e 
was anciently a park; fpmc fay twp; for there are yet ceruio 
grounds, called the park grounds and (he part inead&u}. The 
Manor belonged to L'Anihoni Abbey by doccfter, and was 
granted by Philip and Mary to Sir Edward Haflings. 
' Weobley is an ancient corporation and market town* It has 
jtwo charity fchools. 

LeonOiall CaAle as well as' Weobley ftili belongs to the Marqiii| 
of Baih.*' ' ' ' 

:i:In.Dei Nomine, Amen» Die lune prox. poft feH. Inren* 
donis SceCrucis A. p. 1385. Ego Simoii de Brugge| compos 
mentis condo teftamentum roeum in hunc modum. 'Imprimis 
)ego aninjaqn meam beo et Beatc Marie et corpus meum ad Sepc: 
liendum iti fecclefia Prioratus Fratrum Mioorum Hereford.^ Item 
lego optimum leflum meum Ifabelle uxori mee. Item lego Wal { 
^cro filio meo unum leilum pulveri;|iatum cum appar^to. Item 
]ego cidem alnid IcCtum pallidum cum una paria lioteorum 
(Jheets)^i 2 wyttels (coverletts.) Item lego predifte Ifabelle omoes 
oves meas et totuoi croppum in grangiis et fup/ terr.* extften.* 
infra domnium de' liompton cum omnibus aliis bonis in diAa 
villa de Homptcn jam i0o die exift' qon legat/ Item Lego Sub* 
dccano Leom' unum equum meum viz. bay hor/e ; et ifabelle ux* 
bri mee unum equum, viz* Jfa/il. * Item lego Wakero lilio mep 
unum^equum alium. Item lego ptediAo Waltcro duos mowes 

• Cough's Camden, II. 459. 

t Sicphcn the (onne of Sccphcn p/ Lrya fold to Thomat the foonc of 
Saudfwyn of Ley, certain acres which lye in Weftfield towards Mtnn^' 
Vie<i€nx and the Lea; and one acre in Btrdworthin% aDOtber in Buyrlty field 
pear (he lands of John Monchet and the way that leads towards Hereford. 
which r hennas the fonne of ^/iWw^n gave ro the church of St. Leonard i 
of IVcrmJJe and Canons tlieicof (with histbody. Stephen fil< ^itfam ds Leyi^ 
C>nfirmci4 it. 

X £x Ivcg. J. Gilbert, p. 40. b, 


CoBiifUnsfir the Hiftory tfTFehhy. 269 • 

^Nsmeoti apod Le Liyt et tocum croppum fop* terr* ibid, exift/ 
m, 9 bovet cam omnibus vafis ram ercis quam iigneis et i mappam 
meoOllem com t toall (towell) et Savenapp. ^ Item lego Ifabetle 
Uftori mee 11 eqnas viz. i tiigram^ et al.' greye color} et lego 
prcdiftc unam equam Grunen.* Item lego Alicic Brounc"^nfi* 
Taccas cum earum vitulis apud MunJerfieU; et pmi^ia alia fiveria 
ibidem lego Ifabelle uxori mee» ct' ^'altero fitio iheo cqualiter 
jhiter eos dividend/ Item lego Domino Thomo fTMe, i ceUani 
meam cum uno fjreno ; item lego feretro Sci. Tbome Heref: rx,^. 
RefidQumvero omnium bonorum meorum lego difpofitioni ex*. 
cicutorum mieorum, ut ipfi difponant proot melius viderint anims 
xnee expedire, ad quam quidem Executiooem bene et fideliter cx« 
equcnd/ec deb'ita mea plena perfolrend.' Ifabellam Pecchee xixovtm, 
nieam et V^^lterum nlium meos conftituo Executores. Dat* die 
«t aono fupradifto.'* 

i his Simon de Brugge, the firft of the family whofettlodat 

the Lej^ was third fon of Sir Bald wyn Brugge; (anceftor by his 

eldeft fon of the Lords Chandos) who was living 47 and 50 

Edward III. In 47 Edward III. Simon was colle^or of the 

tenths and fifteenths of this county, and Sheriff the 2d and 5di 

pf Richard U. 

' His iltue male continued a^ the Leye dll the beginning of the 

prefent century^ and had their pedigree entered in the laft Vilx- 

tationof Herefordfblre in i6jS3r William Bridges then living 

ut the Ley^ and hsfving married a Came oi Co. Glamorg. 

* From this Simon de Brugge alfo branched thofe of Eftington^ 

Co. Wore. Sir John Btidges^ Lord Mayor of London, lemp. 

' I|cn. yill, (v ho was anceftor to thofe of Weft Ham, in Eflex,) 

and every btiier branch of thp family of this name, except thofe of 

Avening» North Carney, and Kemsford Co. Glouc. thofe cf 

y/ihon, Co. Hereford, ofKeinftiam, Co. Som. and thofe of Berk- 

Aire, and Kent. But of the defcendants of Simon, numerous 

as they were, none of the male line are (cnpwn to exift now. 

*< On the fputh fide of the church of Webley is a chapel bi?« 
}.PDging to the Ley^ with two co^ts on the }nfide pi the upper 
rayle; i. A. a croiTe S. and fomething hatbe beene painted in 
the middle of the crofs by the name of Bridges. %• C. a crqfii 
^it.' 4 crefcents O.'*^ 

In this chapel belonging to Bridgiea of the Ley, is a monnmeoc 
with this inlcription on a brafs plate» and the arms of Bridges 
^itb auarterings, 

' ' ' • Harl. M5S. 67S6. ut fupr. 

tlOt Piiigr^e^tU Lords 

lanlMtf olittt ue f « 8 '. « vim 9Dia J|^ « ^ > « (CtMcta 

- * T * iaUuonim animalntf pro^lctOHr apeutf/** t 

AaT. III. Tp the Editor of rhc Topog&apk£r. . 
I h^rt^y agree with jfour correfpoodeac. la Vol. II» p^ge 7* 
Art* II, rcf5«ft»PfithcTopQgraphyof8*ickiaghaaiffliirc.— There 
$1 a ofi^ HiOory ot North^ipptonftiire on the eve of Publicadoo. 

Had Browoe WiUis ]jvcd« wc (hould probably have had a Hiftory 

cf Bocte.— He made colledioas for the Newport Huadred, aod 
I faocy alfo for the Cottcflow, and fomc other Huodreds.— The 
Buckingham Hjondred be publiQied — lo page 596 of the i ft 
Vphuoe of jour Topog^^cr, \$. tte ddcem of the Lords oC 

Tfae f(dUowiog is from Browne Wiififi*t MS. 

B^pk A" Mowera Dmntaus de Gothurft ia 1205. He was, no 
doubr, a defcendaot of Robert de Nouers^ who held Goteberft 
ia 10759 as meaiiooed ia Doine&lay*' Tho' as there is no ao- 
theotick proof of thefi^ 1^0 jcara of the defceoe, 'tis begua here, 
' c=Aooft . • . • Shcfortivedher huibaad, aadprefeoted to Go^ 
sht^rlLCboKhio 12^7* 

I -: ^^ , 

Alnuurifiut de Kowers patron of Gothurll in X245,=SibiI» 
' daughter of Ralph Picot. 

Sir VTiUiAm de Novariis^ or Nowcrs. patron toGothurft in 1265^ 
find gave in 1279 Willoughbj Church in Koctingham(hire« la 
Workibp Prior7,=;IIabfil» daughter and coheir to Peter Goldiog- 
tonp H whom came Uve Manour of Stoke Gpldingtoo^ and has 
^mauoed with the I/>vds of Gothnrft ever fince* 

^ GougVs Camden IT, 459. 

f la the church is a br^fk, the infcriptioii imperfe£l| ** Of yotir charitf^ 
prof fir iki fold' of Ifaikim Gofwayf iuU Aga^ hit mft," Oa the plate 
VT. T.G. Thefe Gwwaya. bad s maoiipa-hQule at JLo, bought and laid 
to that of Bridges. Their arms were A. a pile fulrmouAtcd By a feiie be^ 
fwecof kp^ardsbsadv^*" C«j|(5jA, «/ /tf/r. 


(JfCothnrfll to. Btirl;» 

■ .^ — 


9ir Almarkk de Nowers was Koiglit of the Couoty of Backs, 
1296, and id t3t)0 Was fummoDcd to attend Hdw. I, ia bi» 
S<;otch Wars, and died i3o8.=:Joaa * . • . She died x^io, 

t '^ '^ ' — ^-^ 

Sir John deNowets died i322,=iGrace; daogbier and heb df 
Hobert FUz:-nealey or itigel, Lord of Sdldea. She died 1349^ 
•r 1350. 

/ — *- 



1 . 

John Nowers diedztMaud • . • . f Robert ] Almarick { WiUkm 
about 1340^ I I { j 

Sr^ohn Nowers controrcrted the prefcotation bf Sroke Co'tfi&g- 
tOD, with the Prior of Ravenftoo 1376, and had judgetDcat 
gjvenforfalitt atld died 1396,= Alice. She rorfived biin» and 
died 1427* 

^ > > :■ ..-^ 

Almarick Npw- 
era died 1408 
Sine prole. 

Sir Rob Ne?il,=: Joan Nowers 
He' 'hati 60- ' " nerr to her 

tbuf ft In right 
of bi« wife, and 
died pofleflbd' 
thereof in 1416 

father and 

Agnes GiPad? 
died :t died » 
NnM. Hmt. 

John Nevil 

Robert Nevil, heir to hit brother* He died abonc 
i49o.r=Joan . . • • She Airvl^ed him, aiid remar- 
ried Matthfcw Jonys^ flfnd died Aug. jothy 1512. 

IVTichael Nevil died Oft. 21, 1521, =: Jane .... She furvived 
YAm^ and probably remarried Willhm White of CaMecott, and 
died about 155 S. 




Francis Netil, 
aged 3 years 
at his father's 
death. JDied 
S. P. and wat 
buried at Go-* 
thurfty April 
•Im is**- 


,Tho. Monlfoe,! 
3d (bn of John 
Moulfoe, of 
Thi0gdon» 10 
Hiire. He had 
Oochurfi byhis 
wife, and died 
iltoOt i5&7* 

t:tMary Nc-' 
vil, heir ta 
her fiither 
and bro* 
ther. Bu- 
ried at Go>* 
tburft Pebi 
24> S^9' 

tiz Ftdtgra of the Lords d/Q^thurfit (^L 

f- '— -^ ^ ; 

tViUiam Mbalfoe died OA. 20, 1601.= Alice, daughter cJF • . •! 
Briao, Varied at Gothurft June 25* 1599- 

•A = ; —^.-^ : , . 

Sir Everird Dtgby. * He buift GothurftrzMary, only child and 
Houfe about 15999 and his Ton is fup- beif^ married at .Go-» 
-]k>fed to bave finiftied \U He was eie- fhufft Feb. 9, IS96, 
*cmed Feb. 3, 1604^ ancf buried at Gdthurft 

I Nov. 29, 1653" 

• ^ -. • '•^, ^ ^ ' > 1 

Sir Kenelm Digby, bora at Gothurft July ix, 1603, as feys A* 
TVood. He died June ii, 1605, and wa^ buried at Chrift 
Church, near Smith 6eld, . London. =i:Venfit!a». ditughter to Sir 
Edward Stanley of Tonge Caftle in St^opibire. She was a ce«- 
lebrated beauty. 

I / .'' " — -^ ..'■ ;' ■ ' • — 1 . 

John DIgby buried at Gothurft Sept. 2.^ i673,=Margaret9 daugb- 
ter of Sir tdward Longuevillc of ^Voly^riOflf She cohabitttl 
witfi him, but 'tis /aid at his death he dWn'd his marriage with 


Margaret Pigby buried at 

Gothurft June 27, 1.690^ 
rrSir John Conway, B^rt. 
He was Member For Flint, 
and died April 27, ^7^1* 

Charlotte Theophila Digbyi She died 
March 17, 1693^ and was buried at 
Nannerch in Eiiat(hire.=::Rich. Mo(^ 
tynof.PenbedWi He died in 17351 
and was buried at Nannerch. 

•• ' . . V . • ''/••* 

Sir John Conway and Richard Moftya joyn d in the Sale of Go- 
thurft and Stoke Gold! ngton in 1704, to George Wrighte, Efq. 
cldeft fonof the Lord K^per Wrightc^ 

Your corrcfpoodent, T^homas Blore, in page 37, Vol. H, faya 
he cannot admit that a peer has a right to fell or othenji^fe difpofe 
of his Barony. That qucftlon was determined in Vifcount Pur- 
beck's cafe in 1678. The Peers being unanimoufly of opinion 
that no fine now levied, nor at any time hereafter to be levied to 
the King, can bar any title of honour* 

It is (aid* that the Barony of Chandois is claimed by a defdendaat 
of Anthony Brydges, 3d fonof John, the i ft Lord Chandois.— ^ 

Is it not properly in abeyance between the two daughters of 

John, Marquis of Caernarvon, elder brother of Henry, the ^d 

Duk^, or in default of .that claim^ veftcd in the daughter of the 

- I laO 


Ex Rigifiro Curia PnrQgativa ExtraSf. a 13 

laft Duke ?* Tis certain that in a Barony in fee a daughter of an 
elder brother^ and her defccndants have claim before the 2d bro- 
ther, or any defcendant of his male or female. 

I intend in a little time to fend yon a drawing of a gionument, 
if it will be acceptable. 

lam. Sir, 

Your humble Servant, 

Mtrcb 10, 179^. Matthew Knap?. 

P. S. You mention that Grace, dapghter of Sir Robert Fitzneale, 
widow of Sir John de Nowers, died feizcd inter alia of certain 
rents at Bickbampton. I believe it is generally fpelt BicbamfftoM, 
bot never Beckhamptoiu 

Art. IV. Ex R€gijir9 Curia Prerogativa Extra£i. 

The tenth of September A. D. 1492. I Henry Lord Gray, 
make my laft will and teftament. I will my body to be buried ta 
the Chauncell of our Lady in the Fryers of Ayhsford. I geve to 
mj^^n/Sc Eatherine, balfe of my moveables, (he to have for her 
joynture Aylesford. and H^o hundred in Kent ; Thurrock-Grey m 
Eflex; Sitbam-Park; Stoking and South Witham in Lincoln- 
fiiire ; Sspcot and - - - - and 3 poundes in Staunton in Ley. 
oefterfliire; Langwinter-Bajfetts in Darbyfliire : and that, (he 
have the rules of my three foanes, till they be 18 yeares d4« I 
owe to my coufyn Sir Thomas Barrow xxii£. I ge?e to the 
Whyte Freers of Nottingbam^ the rent of Bart on^MillSf with the 
new fy(h garte, to fynd a Fryer or Preeft, to pray for my foule 
after my deceafe, and for the foule of Margrett that was iny 
wyflfe, my father's foule and my mother's foule,. and for the foule 
of Katberin that was my wyfie, which was the Ducbeffi of Nor^ 
folk*s daughter, and for all my kinnes fonles. Alfo 1 will that 
Ricbard Gray my baftard fonne have my Mannor of Ratclyffup^ 
Trent in Nottinghamfifzre^ to hym and the heires of hys bo(iy law- 
fully begotten. Yf he dye without heires of hi9 body ; I will 
that it go to the two Henries my baftards, to have to them and 

*' It is a barony by patent, limtced to ficirs male. A copy of the Patent 
may he feen in a hock of patents No. 4900 HarL MSS. Had it been a 
Barony in fee, it would have veiled in the daughter aad heir of Giks, 3d 
Lord Chandot, who died 1591. Editor. 

E c th« 

tfl4 £x Rigijlro Curia Prerogative Extras, 

the hcircs of their body lawfully begotten for ever. If it happen 
that one die \^ithQut heires of his body ; then the other to hate 
all the whole lordflVippes for evermore^ Alfo I will that Utile 
Harry my baftard, which is Kathcrin Findern's fonne, hate 
Gceley Charlton to his vvyffe, and 1 will that my coufyn Sir Tho- 
mas Barrow pay an hundred poundcs to the marriage oi Richard 
iSrey and the greater Harrf my bartardes, or elfe that the land 
of his part ftaod Hill in Feoffee's handes, till two hundred markes 
be paid to the marriage of the faid two children. 1 will that my 
wyffe have the role of my 3 fonnes till they be 18 yeares of age. 
Alfo I wyll that my coufyn Zouch deliver his fonne and hcirc ac- 
cording to'his wryiing, which my wyffe hath the bill of, or eb 
to pay 6co markes of money to me or myne executors, to go to 
the payment of my debtes, and to my buriall and performaoce of 
my wyll at Jylesford. I will that Lentall part and Newport part 
of my land ; and that ech one of my houftiold fervantes, hath an 
anuitie or yearly ffc or rent, for terme of their lyvcs, going out 
of thofe two partes, &c. And if any of myne heires will not 
fulliill this my la(l will ; that then I will, that their part ftaod 
ftill in my feoffees and executors handes, for t^armeof 40 yeares, 
to fullfill this my laft will. The refidew of my goodes I bequeath 
to Katherin my wyfe, Thomas, the Jrchbijhop of Tori ; my con- 
fyn Sir Thomas Barrow ; &ir John Bablngton^ Kt. yohn Abbot 
of Darley, Prior Richard of LentoH ; Thomas Prior ot Neu>fiead\ 
Thomas Leak^ &c. whom I make and brdayne myne executors* 

And they to make a tombe over me, lyke my Lord 

Beaumondes tombe at Sempringham. In witnefs whereof, «Src/* 

Probacum Fuit hoc teltimentum 28 Oflobris Anno. Domini 
I4g6.» / 

This Henry, Lord Grey, was the laft Lord Grey of Codnor^ 
which was the eldeft branch of ail the uoble family of Grey. 

It is remarkable of this nobleman, that much afiefting the 

Jiudy ofChymiftry in 3 Kdw. IV, he obtained a licence frona the 

King, 16 pradifc the tranfmutation of metals^ by his philofophical 


How curious to fee a fierce Baron of the reign of Edw. IV, 
addicting his time to Chymiftry! 

** How he fpcd therein," fays Dugdale, " 1 cannot tell : bat 
in confideration of his many and great fervices to the King, he 

• Glover's Coll. Harl. MSS. 245. 
I Du^d. Bar. J. 71a. 


Monington, Herefordjhiri. 215 

obtained in 13 Edw. IV, a grant of all thofe lands in the North 
of Inland^ called Le^ Cale^ and of all the cafties iind lordHiipa 
therein ; as alfo of all Ardi in that part of Ireland^ to hold for 
the term of forty years freely without rendring any accoont there- 

Moreover the nextenfuing year, (viz. 14 Edw. IV,) he was 
retained by indencure to fervc the King for one whole year, in 
his wars of Normandy and other parts of France^ with 10 fpears, 
and 160 archers. 

And in i Rich. Ill, obtained a grant of ihe Manors of Okhanif 
Langhafttf and Egefton Co. RutL H^ngrave^ Havenlly and 
Her/ham, Co. Suff. to hold to himfelf and the heirs male of his 
body lawfully begotten. 

Dying without legitimate iflue the Manor and Caftle of Cod-- 
nor Co. Derby, came to Elizabeth his aunt and heir, wife of Sir . 
John Zouch, Kt. a younger fon of Wiliiaiu, Lord Zouch of 

" Codnor," fay§ Leland, (VII, f. 44,) ♦* fumtyme longging 
to the Lord Greys, V my lis by eali from Horefton. It is now al . 
ruinofe." Agiin (VI, f. 68,) he (ays. •• Souchc hath alfo 
Codner Caftell fumtyme the chefeft howfe of the Grays, wher he 
mwdoitb much cofte. .This Souche is a man of faire landes.'* 

At the beginning of this centi^ry Codnor Callle belonged to 
Sfrenfliam Mafters, £fq. and it now belongs to Mr. Legh Maf* 
ters. Only ruins remain. 

Ailesford Priory in Kent, was founded by Richard, Lord Grey 
of Codnor in 1240, 25 Hen. III. It wns grantediat the fupprefiion 
to the famous poet?, Sir Thomas JViatt. In 1657 it was pur- 
chafed by the Banks's^ from whofe heirefs it came to a branch of 
the Finches, who have iince taken their title of Earl from it, and 
have fiill a (eat here. 

Art. V. Monington, HenforJJhire. 

R. T. 9 Edw. I. Johannes Giffard de Brimsfield h2id a grant 
of fifec warren in Monington. 

Johannes Extraneus Dominusde Monyton et Winfreion. 
' 43 Edw. III. Nicholas de Audcley, Lord of Monyton. f 

Menvorandum quoJ Dominus Epifcopus tradidit et conccflit 
Domino Nicholao Preibytero nbbiliS Viri Domini Johant^is Gif- 

* From Heory his natural fon, dcfcended the Greys of ^angley^ Co. 
' l^icifiirm Dugd, Bar, /, 7 1 x. 

t Ex Reg. Friorat. de Worroflcy penes G. M<iyl. 

^ e ^ ' fard 

ai6 Mmtngton^ Henfirdflnre* 

fard Commeodam Ecclcfie de Mooytoa a die Veneris prox.' aac« 
fttft.' Nativkatb beatc JohaDDis Baptffte A. D. 1284^ cootiiiae 
nameraado.* * 

1286 t Adam de Berkhamwyke admifs. ad prefeat/ sobilit 
viri Domini Jobaaois Giffard. 10 Kal. 0&,X 

Aboac 1680 the church was rebuilt, in the church-yard ftood 
the trunk of a fycamore, in height about 9 foot, diaoaeicr 2 foot 
and an half ; which being in the workmen's way was cut down: 
Directly under it, about a foot below the furface of the gipoaad 
was laid a large graveftone without any infcripcion ; and that be- 
ing removed, there was difcovered at the bottom of a well-fioned 
grave, the body (as 'tis fuppos'd) of Owen OUndower ; which 
was whole and entire, and of goodly ftature. But there were no 
tokens or remains of any coffin. Where any part of it was toocfa'd, 
it fell to a(hes. After it had been exppfed rwo days, Mr. Tom- 
kins^ ordered the flone to be placed over it agaij;i, and the. earth 
to be caft in upon i(."$ 

Art. VI. Tour thro* the Midland Ccuntiis^ ctntinuid • frmm 

p. 177- 

Leaving Tutbury, we crofs the river Dove into Derbylbtre^ 
and pafs over the fkirts of Hatton Moor, ^n extenfive flat of fe- 
veral miles, thro' the middle of which a good turnpike road.pafles 
to Derby. Proceeding in the oppofite direAion, nothing engaged 
our attention till we arrived at Fofton, a neat little village about 
two miles from Sudbury. 

This place was formerly remarkable for being the reiidence of 
the family of Agard, of whom we find the following account lA 
'Mr. Cough's edition of Camden.^ 

** At Fofton in or near Sid bury, was bom 1540, Arthur 
Agard, 45 years deputy chamberlain of the Exchequer, who 
died 1615. ^>'* Camden calls him Jntiquarius infignis. || Wal- 
ter Achard, or Agard, claimed to hold by inheritance the office 
of efcheator and coroner of the whole honour of Tutbury, in the 

* Ex Reg. R. Swinford. Epifc. p. iS. 
f £x £od. p. 37* 
t HarU MSS. 6726. 
i Harl. MSS. 6832. 
I Ann. Jac. I, 1615. 

* ^ OOQlIt^ 

T'^trr thrf^ the Midland Countiit. 2 r 7 

caaoty of Staflford, aad of the bailUwick of Leyke^ for which he 
produced 00 other evidence than a white ho&dng horn, adoraed 
with filver silt 10 the middlei and at each ead with a belt of 
black filk, let with filver gilt buckles, and the arms of Edmaad, 
iocond foo of Henry IIL* This horn is oow in the poifeifioQ of 
Mr. Foxlowe of Stavely, in thi$ county, who enjoy? the po&s o£ 
fieodary or bailiff in fee, efcheator, coroner, and clerk of the 
market of Tutbury honor, by this tenure, and by virtue of his 
being in pofTef&on of this ]iorn» which he purchafed of Chrifio* 
pber Stanhope, of Elvafton, Efq. into whofc family it came by a 
marriage with the heirefs' of Ajgard. 

^^ The arms, as reprefented by Mr. Pegge,t are really thofe of . 
tbc honfe of Lancafter, impaling Ferrars of Tarn worth,, who 
probably held thofe offices before Agard; for Nicholas Agard of 
Tmbnry, who was living 1569, married Elizabeth, daughter 
and .coheir of Roger Ferrars, nth fon of Sir I'homas Ferrars of 
Tamworth.t Foflon is now the feat of Mr. Bate."§ 

Clement Agard of Fofton married - - - - daughter of - • . 

• - - Hiuiderhill of William Agdrd married - • • ^ . 

danghter of - - — MycUemore of - - - • - 

Arms of Agardw — A* a chevroa engrailed G. between 3 boers 
heads S.| 

At a fmaU diftance ftom the road on our left, Mr. Broadborflv 
the Steward of Lord Scarfdale, has lately eredled a. large houfe: 
upon a newly purchafed eftate. 

From hence we fooa arrived at the Vemon Arms Ion, af 

Here is the fiat of Lord Vernon. '< Sidberrie in DarbyOitert 
femettme the poffeffion of the great family of Montgomery. Thq^ 
laft of that firname Sir Nicholas" (a miftaii tor Sir Jobmji 
^ Montgomery, Kt. bad a daughter' and heir Hdlen, marriedf 
to Sir John Veraon/' ** 4th fon of Sir Henry Vernon of fiad« 
dqn, ^' whofeyflbe John Vernon,. Efq. now hoaidetbit. ItHr 
icated near to the river Dove.*'^ 

* BlottDt's aot. tonvKS, p. %^* MS^ Su LoKniretoa* 
t Archaeologia, 3, 6. 
• { MS« Vifintioo of Derbylhtret fol. 6, b. 

JObugh's Additions to Camden, Vol. II, p. 306. 
Vifitation of Derby fliir*. Bibl. HarJ, 659s 1 f. 17. 
**' Sac his Epitaph, No« X, p» n* 
. % Vif. Qo* Derb. ut fMpr« 

ai8 Tffur tbrcl* the Midland Counties. 

As the monument in the charch of Sudbury of Johni,fon of 
the laA mentioned Henry VcrnoD, and of his wife, contains fome- 
rhing of the hiftory of this place, it (hall be inferted here. 

Upon two altar tombs, (that of the hufband under an arch in 
the wall, with his figure at length la armour recumbent on it ; 
.that of the wife, beneath it, virith her figure recumbent in the 
dre(s ot the times) are the following iofcriptions. 

** Here lieth the bodye of John Vernon, Efq. the fonne of 
Heorye Vernon, fonne of Sir John Vernon, Knight, and of He- 
len, one of the daughters and coheirs of Sir John Mountgomery, 
by the which Hellen, the manor of Sudburie, and divers* other 
lordihips and lands lineally defcendcd unto the faid John Vernon, 
who dcceafed at Upton, in the Co. of EiTex, the 24 day of July, 
A. D. 1600, from whence his body was conveyed, and here in- 
terredy and this monument ereAcd by Mary his wyflTe, daughter 
to Sir £dw. Littleton of Pillaton Hail, in the Co. of Staff. 


Here is interred the body of Mary, daughter of Sir Edw. Lit- 
tleton, wife ifl to Walter Vernon of Houndhill, Efq. to whom 
(he bare 5 fonnsf and 4 daughters. After 7 ye ires wydowhood (he 
married John Vernon of Sudbury, Efq. whofc lands (formerly 
paft away for his redemption being enthrauled for his friends by 
fuertifliip) wore by her prudent endevours redeemed and brought 
to his difpofinge, who (havinge noe ifTue himfelf) appointed the 
Lordfliips of Sudburie and Afton with yts members to her for life, 
remainder to her 3 fonns (then livinge) and their heires male fuc- 
ceffively. And where many affurances, leafes, rentcharges, an-_ 
nuities and guifts were by him appointed to frends, tenants, fer- 
vants, and the poore, whicU great adverfaries did oppofe, the (as 
a vertuous pationefTe to them) with great care and travel, and at 
her proper charges mantain^d their caufe againil their adverfaries, . 
and brought the fame to good efFe6l to the great benefits of them, 
all. Such was her charitieand vertuous mind (he built a mannor 
houfe at Sudbury ; fhe contributed largely to. the' maintenance bf 
this church; (he gave by will ^. 10 to the poor of the pari(h, 
and XX nobles to the poore of Marchington, and rewards to 
every fcrvanci^ And having lived a vertuous matron 22 years ia 
her later widowhood maintaining good hofpitalitie to the daily 
relief of the poore, (he willingly, an J in godly manner exchanged 
this life for a better the 17 day of Dec, i62>2, in the 62 year of 


T$ur thro* the Midland Counties. 219 

her age* To whofe memorie her eldeft fonne Edward Vemoo, 
Efq. caufed this moDument to be erected. 

Vivit pojl funera Vertus. 

Arms^ — I. Vernon. 2. C. 6 annulets O. 3. S.»fc(rechecquy 
B and O. int. 6 efcallops A. 4. B. 3 lions pafT. A. 5. A. lioa 
ramp. G. collard O. 6 Barry of 6, O and B. 7. A. fretty S. 
a canton G. 8. B. 2 pipes O. feme of crofslets. Pipe, 9. A. 
bend engrailed G. 10. B. 3 piles wavy O. 10. B. 3 birds 
rifing A. 12. O. fprcad eagle B. 13. Erm. bordure G. charg'd 
with lions palTt. 14. A. crofs fleure S, 15. A. crofs fieure S. 
bordure engrailed G. 16. G. 3 lions rarapt. O. feme of billets, 
impaling i. Weflcott. 2. Littleton. 3. G. fefle O. 4. A. 2 
foxes pafTt. G. 

On a Mural Tablet. 

Amongft the many memorable good afls performed and exe- 
cuted by the will and appointmeot of the worthy gentleman, 
John Vernon, Efq. whofe body was here interred, there was 
given and granted to be ifTuing yearly out of the manor of Sud- 
bury a rentcharge of 61. 13?. 4d. unto fix parifliioners, viz. to 
Edw. Banks, Thomas Banks, William Ailing Richard Scatter- 
good, John Tuton^ and Thomas VV-ilkeings, and their heirs and 
aiTigns for ever to the ufe maintenance and relief of the poor in- 
habitants of this parifh; payable yearly to them or fome of them 
at Sudbury Hall at the feaAs of £a(ler, Pentecoft, All Saints and 
Chriftmas by even portions the Brd payment whereof was to be. 
gin and fo did accordingly at Eafter 1609, with a claufe ofdif- 
trefs upon any part of the manor aforefaid, if the fame be unpaid 
by the fpace of 10 days after any of the faid feafts being lawfully 
demanded at the place aforefaid to be didributed according to the 
direftion and appointment of Mrs. Mary Vernon, widow, during 
her life and after her deccafe to the direction of Edw, Vernon, 
Efq. her fon and of his heirs for ever. The grant made by in« 
denture tripartite is dated June 1, 1608, and was fealed and de^ 
livered and feifin given in the prefence of Mr. Thomas Vernon, 
Mr. Walter Vernon, Robert Warner, and John HareftaiFe, who 
of his own cofts and charges procured the fame to be enrolled in 
the chancerie May 21, 7 Charles I, as appears in the laft will 
and teliament of the faid John HarefVofle, proved in the diocefe of 
Coventry and Lichfield, Dec. 26^ 1646. 


tfcM Tour tbro* ths, Mdland CountUt. 

On two tides of the bafe of a monament of a pyramidical fonn, 
are tbefe iofcriptioos, 

Nere unto this place lyeth the body of Henry Vernon, Efq* 
fitber of George, and fon to Sir Edw. Vernon, Kt.* He married 
the fole danghter of Sir George Vernon, of Haflington Co. Chef- 
ter, by whom he added feveral manors in the faid Co. to bis 
own inheritance, in the Co. of Derb. and Staff*, which with mncb 
pains and trouble he preferved to his pofterity ; and took great 
care to fecure his aeditors at bis death. He died Mar. 9, 165s. 

On the other fide. 

•« Here lyeth the body of Margaret, the wife of George Ver- 
non of Sudbufy, Erq. only daughter of Edw. Oneley of Catelby 
Co. Northron, Efq. of whom it was obfer?ed that ihe never dif- 
obeyed her parents from her very infancy, ever performing her 
love and duty to her hulband, her friend (hip to her neighbours, 
her charity to the poor, and her daily prayers to her God, In 
memory of whi(^ this monument was made by her faid hulband. 
She dyed Aug. 12, 1675, in the 34 year of her age, and in the 
j6th of her marriage/* 

Arms. Vernon impaling O. 3 piles G. on a canton A, a muU 

Alio Vernon with 15 quarterings, viz. the 11 beforementioned. 
12. Gray. 13. O. lion ramp. G. 14. Shirley. 15. Vernon— 
all impaling^ Vernon as before. 

George Vernon of Sudbury, Efq. lad mentioned, was father of 
Henry, father of George Venablcs Vernon, created Baron Vernoa 
of Kinderton May i, 1762. 

George his eldeft fon is the prefent Lord Vernon, and owner 
and iahabitant of the Manfion at Sudbury. 

This Maofion has a very refpeftable appearance having pre- 
fefved its peculiar (lyle without any injudicious alterations. We 
were informed it was built about the time of the Reftoratioo^ 
and it has the appearance of that date. But the epitaph already 
printed, mentions that a manfion was built here by Mary, widow 
of John Vernon^ Efq. who died i622. We doubt whether this 

* ElJeft fon of Sir Walter^ of Houndhtll, by Mary, daughter of Sir 
Edward Littleton beforenamcd. ^ 


Tour threl* the Midland Counties. 22 1 

may not yet be the fame ; tho' had we had ao opportanity of 
iofpeiting the iDfide of the boofe we might have found dates 
which would have determined the matter. 

ic is a building of elegant proportions, tho' not very large^ 
fomewhat refembling the Ayle of inigo Jones* The materials are 
red brick, intermixed with others of a darker colour. It has 
cafed windows, an ornamented door- way, and two fmall wings. 
• The public road runs fo clofe acrofs the front as to divide the 
manfion from the park, which is vtry pleafing, tho' flat ; the 
turf exceedingly fine, and the trees both Tingle and in groups, 

The Church. 

The church flands in the garden clofe on one fide of the boufe, 
without any feparation of the church yard from /the flirubbcry, 
and lawn that furround it. 

The building is ancient and handfome, for a village church, 
and the ivy that grows luxuriantly round it makes it, tho' per- 
haps too folemn for the gaiety of a garden, a piAurefque orna* 
oient. Here repofe'ail the anceftors of the family for more than 
two hundred years, who feem to have been fo attached to their 
own blood, as in no lefs than four fucceffive generations to have 
feledlcd a wife out of their own name and family. Here are neat 
mural memorials of every generation down to the prefent time. 
Amongft which are the following. 

** In memory of George Vernon, late of Sudbury, Efq. who 
departed this life Jul. 13, 1702, aged 66 years, and lies interred 
in a vault here underneath. 

This monument is erefled by the direAion and at the charge 
of his mod pious and grateful furviving confort Catherine, 
daughter of Sir Thomas Vernon of London Merchant, his ^A 
wife, who died Oft. 21, 17 10, aged 47 years, and lies interred 
iq the fame vault. They left liTue one Yon Henry, fole heir of 
his father, and two daughters, Anna Catharine, and Matilda. 

Anna Cacharina, daughter of George and Catharina Vernon, 
died June 30, 1744, and is here interred. 

Arms. A. a fret. fa. impaling A. fret S. a canton O. 

To the memory of Henry Vernon, Efq. of Sudbury Co. Derb* 
and Ann his wife. He was the only furviving fon of George Ver- 
non, Efq. She the only furviving daughtef of Thomas Pigor, 
Efq. Her mother was fider to Peter Venables, the laft Baron of 
Kinderton in Cbefbire, by whpm the VenaUes cftate and name 

F f defcended 

9^ ^ur thro* the MiSand Counties. 

defceoded to the Sudbnry family. He was fiacere, opien and 
generous in his temper. She had all thofe virtues which codd 
ii)ake her amiable to hinii and admired by atl. They bad iflue 
Oeorge, Anne, Catfaarioe, and Henry, of which only the two 
firft Airvtved them* She died 1714^ aet. 22. 

He married afterwards ^Matilda, daughter of Thomas Wrighty 
£fq. of LongAor, Co. Derb. and died leaviog no iflue by her, 
art. 32, 1718. 

Arms. Quarterly, id and 4th A. fret. S. ad and 3d 0. 00 
a feft A. 5 garbs O. on a fcutcheen, quarterly ift and 4th B, 
2 bars A. 2d and 3d A. 3 fufils in fefle B* 

On a large mural monument on the iK>rth fide next the rails. 

Near this place lyes buried the body of Sir Thomas Vernon^ 
kt. who defcended from the ancient family of the Vcraons of 
Haddon, in the county of Derby. He was for many years re- 
jprefentatiye in Parliament for the City of London. He departed 
this life the loth day of February, in the year of our Lord 1709* 
He marryed Anne, eld;;ft daughter of Henry Wefton of Ockhaai 
in Sorry, Efq. who aifo departed this life the 24th daj of Nov. 
tn&c. 1702, and (he aifo lyes interred near this place, by whom 
he had'iflhe 6 fons and 9 daughters, viz. Henry who died in 
Turkey unmarried. Thom4s fome time Commiffioner of trade 
and plantations, who married Jane, one of the coheirs of Arthur 
Stitl of Chartrca, in Surry, Efq. George married to Dorothy^ 
one of the daughters of George Vernon of Sudbury, in the 
County of Derby, Efq. and after to Sarah, daughter of Ed." 
Buckley, Efq. Cbartes and John who both dyed infants, and 
« fecond Charles, now Sir Charles, Kt. married to Anne, one of 
' the daughters of G. Vernon of Farnhnm, in Surry, Efq. Cathe- 
rine married to G. Vernon of Sudbury, Co. Derby, Efq. Matilda 
married to Anthony Balam of London^ Merchant^ and after to 
Sir Henry Purnefe of Walderfbare^ in Kent. Bart. Anne married 
to Thomas Wright of Langton in the County of Derby, £fq« 
Mary married to John Newton of King's Bromiy, in the Coun^ 
of Stafford, Efq. Elizabeth married to John Walter of Sarfden, 
in the County of Oxon, Bare, and after to Simon, Lord Vifcount 
Harcourt of Stanton Harcourt, in the famecounty, fome tio^e Lord 
Nigh Chancellor of Great Brit. Martha unmarried. Judith mar- 
ried to Stephen Wallar of Beconsfield, in the County of Bucks, 
Efq. Dodtor of Laws, and after to Joba Aiflebie of Studie^, 

Tour tbro* the MiJland Conntks. «2J 

in Co. Yorki Efq. iome ixtor Chaocellor to His M^jefij^s Ex-» 
chequer. Arabella marryed to Sir James Rufbout of NcM-th^wick, 
ID Co. Worcester, Bart, and Jane marryed to Gilbert Reppingtof 
of ArmiDgton. 

On a neat mural marble monument is the following. 

To the memory of the honorable Catharine Venables Vernon, 
fecond daughter of George Venables Vernon, Baron Vernon of 
Kindertoo, and Mariha» daughter of the Hon. Sinson Har- 
court, this tablet was here placed by the Hon. George Venahlas 
Vernon in the year MDCCLXXVI. She dyed in the month of 
June MDCCLXXV, aged XXV, and is here iaterrei 

Mild, as the opening morn's fereneft ray. 
Mild as the clofe of Summer's fofteft day. 
Her form, her virtues, (fram'd alike to pleafe. 
With artiefs charms and unafTuming eafe,) 
On every breaft their mingling infiuenceftole^ 
And in fweet union breathes one beauteous whole* 
This fair example to the world was lent 
As the (hort leiTon of a life well fpent ; ■ . 

Alas too (hort ! — but bounteous Heaven beft knO^x^ 
When lareclaiBi the bleffings it bcftows. ' 

Wok. Whitehead, E. JL 

Underneath the following* 

In memory of the Hon* Loutfk Barbara Vernon^ diughter qI 
George, Lord Vernon, by his wife the Hon. Louifa Btfbara, 
only daughter of BufTy, Lord Manfel* She died in the ^ch of 
France in December 1785, in the 2ifl year of her age, and was 
buried here, on the 19th of March 1786. 

Arms. Argent a fret fable^ a canton gules impaling fa: a.chcvv 
foaor: between 3 heads argent. 

M. M. M* Memento Mori. 

This monument is erefted by George Vernon, Efq, of London 
Merchant, fon of Sir Thomas Vernon, in memory of his molt 
excellent wif« Dorothy Vernon, daughter of George Vernon, Ef<j. 

Ff 2 of 

324 ^^r tbro* tbi Midland Counties. 

of Sudbury, who departed this life the 9th'of Dc;qembcr, 1709, 
and lyes buryed ia a vault here under. She dyed of the fmall 
pox 9 dayes after beiog delivered of her only daughter, who dyed 
the 1 2th of December, and was buryed with her. 

Arms. Arg* a fret fa. and canton gu. impaling arg. a fret (a. 

Ia another part of the church on a neat mural tablet is the fol* 
lowing infcription. 

" Here lie the bodies of the Rev. Dr. Addcnbroke, Dean of 
Lichfield, and Rcftor of this pariOi, who died Feb. 25, 1776, 
aged 64 ; and Dorothy his wife, 3d daughter of John Wedg- 
wood of Harades Co. Stafford, Efq. who died March 27, 1 772, 
aged 64. 

In thb Vifitation Book of Derbyihire, we find the following 
arms to have been here formerly. 

A. 2 chevr. G. on the uppermoft a mullet. 

O. frctty of 6 pieces G. Verdaun. 

£rm. a bordure G. charg'd with 8 horfe (hoes O* 

A, a bend between 6 martlets G. FurnivaU 

A. 2 bars S. on a canton of the laft, a cinquefoil O. — Twi/erd* 

O. an eagle difplayed B. talons G. Mountgomery. 

JL a bend S. in the dexter chief on an efcutcheon O. an eagle 
difplayed S.» 

In our way from hence to Jfiburm we continue a long while 
by the fide of the park pales. The country confifts of a very 
ipleafing reclufe fcencry formed by a variety of hills and dales well 
' wooded and cultivated with cornfields, and rich pafiures. 

Tiie church and parfonage houfe at Cf/^Ary appeared piAurefque 
'Scrofs the valley {landing on the /lope of the oppofiie hill. 

Cubley was the ancient feat of the Montgomery s, whofe co* 
heir. married into the Vernon family, as has been mentioned. 
Dorothy, 2d daughter and coheir, married Sir Thomas Giflfard 
of Chillington Co. Staff, and had by her an only daughter Eli- 
zabeth, who carried Cubley in marriage to Sir John Port of El- 
wall, Kt. whofe third daughter and coheir Margaret, married 

• Htrl. MSS 659*, ut fupr. 


Tour thro* the Midland Counties* at j 

Sir Thomas Stanhope, anceftor of the Earls of Cheftei field, and 
probably carried Cubley into that family. . 

There is no maniion-houfe here now. 

The prefent incunabeni is the Rev. George Fletcher, who 
rcfides here. 

From the Common beyond Cubley, we obferved the hills be- 
gin to rife, particularly to the right, wiih low hedgerows an<f 
little enclofurcs to the top, Beyond Bentley the country ftill 
began to alTume a more nriagnificent ihape ; the hills became very 
high all round us, and the vallics began to (ink in a very roman« 
tie manner. This ftile of country continued to incrcafc till we 
approached Norbury. Beyond which to the right we faw Mr. 
Granville's houfe and plantations. Defcending into Norbury we 
pafled under a bridge thrown acrofs the road, which had a pic- 
turefque cffeft. Here we flopped to examine the church, and 
the fite of the old manfion of the Fitzherberts. 

** On the river Dove^ fays Camden, which pai-ts this county 
from StafFord(hire, till it falls into the Trent nothing remarkable 
occurs befides country villages and the market town of jljhburne^ 
where the family of the Cokaines long flourifhed, and Norhury^ 
where long lived the noble and very antient family of the Fkv^^ 
Herberts^ of which Anthony Fitz- Herbert was fo dcfervedly 
refpefled for his ikill in the common law,*'' 

The Vifitation-Book of the County of Derby* i6ir, gives the 
following Pedigree of this family. 

Willielmus filius Herbert! miles primus AntecefTor 

William, fon of Herbert, to whom Willielmus Prior de Tal- 
tefbury gave Norbery 1 125. 25 or 26 H. II. 

Whofe fon John Fitzherbert had alfo a fon 

John, married to , daughter of William Grendon, 

£fq. by whom he had iiTue 

William Fitzherbert, who gave his manor of Norbury to 

Henry his fon 1267. Whofe fon 

Henry Fitzh'^rbert, Knt. Banneret A®. 3 E. II, married - - - - 
daughter of Ralph Chadefden, by whom he left 

John Fitzherbert of Norbury, Efq. 17 E. II, and 3 E. Ill, 
who married Margaret, daughter of Walter Montgomery of Mcr- 
ilon and Cubley in Com. Derb. and by her had idue 

• Harl. MSS* 5609. 


tz6 Tour ihrtf the Midland Countia. 

William Fitzhcrbcrt of Norbury- 22 E. Jll, and 12 R. H^ 
who married Johaoaay daughter of Nicholas Koiveton of Myr- 
caftoD in Com. Derb. Knc. by whom he had 

William Fitzherjbert of Norbury 37 £• III, and 22 R. II, mar- 
ried to Alice, only daughter of Nicholas Loogford, firft wife, b]r 
whom he left 

Henry Fitzberbert Anno 1 1 H. IV> and 3 H. V, who married 
- - • '- daughter of — - - Downes, by whom he had 

Nicholas Fitzherbert of Norbury 3 Hen, V, obiii temp. E. IV, 
married i. Alice, daughter of Henry Boothe of HarledoD Co. 

Derby, and 2. Eliz- daughter of Ludlow of Co. Salop^ and 

had iffue by his firft wife 

I. Ralph Fitzherbert of Norbury. 11. John Fitzherbert of 
Etwall, who married Margaret, daughter of Robert Babingtoo, 
and had ifTue (befides Henry Fiuberbert, a badard foo, father of 
Eollacc F.) Jane, ift the wife of John Poole of Radboumc, 
2dly, the wife of John Porte of Etwall ; Barbara, wife of Tho- 
ina« Cokayne of A(hbourne, and Sofa, wife of John Copwood 
of Totteridge Co. Hertf. III. Robert Fitzherbert of Uppcrhall, 
who marri(*d Eliz. daughter of Ralph Jocelyn of Sabridgewortb* 
Co. Hertf. IV. Joan, wife of John Cotton of Hampftall Red* 
ware. V. Eliz. wife of Kdote Boflj of London, Merchant. 

VI. Roger Fitzherbert, father of John, Jerom, Alice, and Wi- 

Ralph of Norbury, id fen, married Eliz. 2d daughter and 
fole heir of John Marftiall of Upton and Sedefliall Co. Leicefter, 
-and had ifiue 

I. John of Norbury. II. Henry of London, Mercer, whaby 
Eliz. daughter of Robert Goodwin of London, Draper, left "a 
daughter and heir Eliz. wife of William White of London, Mer- 
chant. III. Sir Anthony Fitzherbert, the fanoous Judge. IV. 
Thomas. V. Dorothy, wife of Thomas Comberford of Com* 
berford. VI. Edith, wife of Thomas Babingtoo of Dethick. 

VII. Agnes, wife of Richard Lifter of Rowtoo, Co. Salop. 

VIII. Eliz. wife of Fuljambe. 

John of Norbury, eldeft foo, married Bennetta, daughter of 
John Bradbury of Hoo in the Peake, and had ilTue Nicolas, who 
married Dorothy, daughter of Sir Ralph Longford, Kt, but 
died S. P. II. Anne, wife of John Welles of Whorcrofs, lU. 
Eliz, wife of Philip Dracott of Penefley. IV. Editha. 

Whereupon Norbury came to his uncle Sir Anthony Fitzher- 
bcct, Kt* the famous Judge, 


Tour tSro* the Midland Countus. 277 

His' great learning in the wifdom of the law^ both the judicial 
Court of Common Pleas, wherein he fat JuAice a long time, and 
alfo thofe ex.iA books of the Common Law, by him exqaifirely 
penn'd and publidied fnfficicntiy wiinefs. He laid the foundation 
of his learning in Oxford, on which he built a firm ftrufture io 
after-tiraes, i>ut in what4ioufc here, or in what Inn of court af- 
terwards, it appears not. Sure it is that having made a moft 
fruitful progrefsin hisftudies, he was conftituted Serjeant at Law 
18th November, 2. Henry VIII, (1510) one of the King's Ser- 
jeants fix years after, (being abouc that time made a Knight,) 
and in 1522 one of the Juftices of the Common Pleas. In which 
place, carrying himfelf with great prudence, juAice and know* 
kdge, he became at length the Oracle of the Law, and wasad- 
mired by all for his Profundity in it. 

His Grand Mridgement of the Law ; his AVa/ Naiura Bre* 
vimm ; his Juflice of Peace^ &c. &c. of which a lift may be feen 
in fViood's Athena, ftill retain their credit among Lawyers. 

Among his other works was •* The Book of Hujbandry, verf 
profitable and necejfary for all perfons — Printed by Thomas Ber^ 
thelet 1534? 8^tf. and fcveral times after in the reign of Q. Mary, 
and beginniBg of Q. (Elizabeth, which book, fays Wood, I have 
feen more than once under the name of jinthony Fitzherbertj a 
pra^itionir in Hufbandrj 40 years ; yet there are not wandng 
fome who fay it was penn'd by his brother John Fitzherbert. 

This famous Lawyer Sir Anthony Fitzherbert^ who had beea 
an enemy to Cardinal Wolfey, paid his laft debt to nature in the 
fummer-time (before Auguft) in 1538 (30 Hen. VIII) whereupon 
his body was buried in Norbury Church. Soon after was a blue 
itiarble-fione laid'Orer his grave, with an infcription thereoo, 
which, fays Wood,* is flill remaining* 

He married Matilda, daughter and coheir of Sir Richard Cotton 
of Hampflall Ridware, and had ilTue 

L Thomas. IL John, who maaicd Catharine, widow of 
Rezlewood, by whom he had iffue Matilda, wife of William Bar- 
low ; Joan, wifeoflhomas Eyre of Amerton Co. Derby, and 
Anthony Fitzherbert, 4th fon, living 161 1, who by Martha, 
daughter of John A often had iOue John, ast. 7, j6ii. Hd- 

* Athense I. 50-— 51. If this infcriiption it lemaioiog now (1790) we 
overlooked it; which poflibly we might do, ab twilight was coming on 
very faft while we were exaroiniiig the uiurch. Edii. 


i2$ Tour tiro' the Midland CountleU 

Icoa. Catharine. Eliz. wife of John. Fitzherbert of Tiffingion^'^ 
Aone and Mary. III. Richard Fitzherbert, who married Mary^ 
daughter of Weftcotr, by whom he had iffuc Williain Fiizher- 
bcrr, who died S. P. and Nicolas of jB/Z/Wx/ry, Co. Staff. IV. 
William Fitzherbert, who married Elizabeth, daughter and co- 
beir of Humfry Swinerton of Swinerton.f Co. Staff, by whom he 

bad Thomas, who married the daughter and heir of • 

Afte juxta Tame, and was father of Edward, who feems to ha?c 
become heir male of the family iince Swinerton f and Norbury 
were united in him. V. Elizabeth, wife of William BafTettoiF 
Langley aad Blore, whofe defcendant by her William Baffett 
of Blorc (1583) left a daughter and, heir the fir ft wife of Williain 
Cavendi(b, afterwards the famous Duke of Newcafile, who wat 

the mother of his children. VI. Catherine, wife of • 

Sachcverell. Vll. Dorothy, ift wife of Ralph Longford; 2d 
of John Porte of Etwall, Kt. 

Edward Fitzherbert of Swinerton and Norbury married Brid- 
get, daughter of Sir John Carrill of Hafting, (who 2dly married 
Sir Edmund VVindfor, Kt.) and had ifTue 

William Fifzherbert of Swinerton and Norbury, who married 
- ^ • - daughter to Sir Bafil Brookes of Madeley, and had iffbe 

I. Bafii. 11. Edward. Ilf. John* IV. Frances married coCif- 
fard of Cbellingion. V. Mary, married to —— Gower. VI. 
Bridgat, wife of Bartlet of Helin, Co* Wore. VII. Anne. VIIL 
Thomas Fitzherbert of Shiicock in Ireland. 

• It may be proper to mention here that the Fiizlicrl)crr| of TiHingtoo 
are a family totally ciiilin6t from thofc of Norbury, and bear different arms, 
Tiz. G. 3 lions ramp. O. William Fitzherbert of Somcrfall, Co. Derb. 
was grandfather of Thomas, living 5 or 6 Ed. Ill, whofe great grandfoa 
Walter was father of John of Somerfall, temp. Hen. V. His eldefl foa 
Joho of Somerfall was anceftor of Richard HCiW remaining theie. His ad Ton 
Nicolas of Upron, Co. Leic. was father of Robert, who died 27 Hen. Vni» 
grandfather of Robert, Hying 15^9, grandfather of Sir John of Tif7tne:toii 
aboTenamcd, living 1611,^ and anccflor to the prefent bir William Fitz* 
herbert of TifTingron, Baronet.. See Vif. Co. Derb. ut fupra p. 59. 

t ** Swine'ton is a goodly large Manour poflelled by a race of gentlemen 
of the name of which, divers were Knights, and as fome think, were 
owners thereof from the time of the Conqueft. That Arlem, whom I take 
to be tl)e Brti anceftor of the Swinertons, held the fame of Robert de Staf- 
ford^ till this our prefent age. The lalt Humphry left his lands to his two 
daughters, wheret)! Margaret the elder was married to Henry Vernoo of 
Sudbury, to whom (lie brought the Manor of Hilton^ Sugential, &c and 
the younger to William Fitzherbert, by whom (he had iflue Thomas; and 
£nce the death of her hufband Fiizhcrbert, (he is married to Francis Getaere* 
an4hath SwiMrnn^ €sfc." Erdfvvicki p. is. 


Tdur thro* the Midland Countia. 229 

Bafil Fitzhcrbert of Swinertoo, Efq. married Jaoe , daughter 
and fole heir to — — Cotton, and bad iflue 
I. WiUiam. II. Bazil. III. Winifred.* 
Wo are not able to continue a feries of generations any lower^ 
for want of the aid of Viii cation -Books ; bat Swinerton and Nor- 
bury (of which the former ha$ long been the family refidencef) 
have continued in this family and name to the prefent moment ; 
the widow of the laft poflcflbr having made the name as familiar 
ta the faOiionable world, as it formerly was amrag Lawyers. 

Jtncient Deeds in proof of th§ above Pedigree. 

Sciaot, &c. quod Ego Johannes iilius Willmi filii Herbert! 
dedi conceiliy &c. Willo Capellano filio Robti Cuhuram terras 
qos jaoet inter terram Robert! de Wyvili Dat, &c. Hiis teflibus 
Bartho Clico, NichoClico de Efleburne, Mauritto Hading, Rob-» 
to filio Wiardy WiJlo de Landa ; Willo Chambreis et Pluribus 

Sealed with his arms^ vie.- Vaird, fur toot a b^nd, and this 
circamfcription S. lOHANNiS FILIi HERBERTI. 

Univerfis Soe Matris Eccliae filius, &c. Ego Johes filius 
Johis filfi Herberti de Norberie, &c« Noveritis me concef&iTc 
Eccliae Scae Marias de Burton terr* in Norhery, &c. Sine Dat. 

Omnibus, &c. Wills filius Herberti de Norbury Miles, &c. 
Moveritts me remifiife, &c. Capellano de Barcllsford & fuis 
affignatis. Sine Dat. 

Omnibas, &c. Johannes filius Willi filii Herberti. Noveritis, 
&c. quod Ego in Curia Domini mei Willi de Ferrariis Comicts 
DerV dimifiy &c. Johi filio, &c. hseredi meo totam terram me- 
am, &c. In hujus autcm conceflionis mei teftimonium Domious 
Comes huic chjirtae iigillum fuum appofuit. Hiis teflibus Rp- 

E'naido dc Carleilo tunc tpis Senefcallo, Willo de Vernon, Ro« 
Tto de BcIIofago ; Rogero de Ridware, Willo de Stant' Galfrg 
de Acoveria, &c. Sine Dat.' 

Sub Sigillo Comitis Derb,' 

* The latter part from Harl. MSS. 2»iS, f. 53. 

t The church and houfe of Mr. Fitzherbert, at Swtnerron, fays Fennane* 
(Journey to London^ p, 4's) command a vaft view iom Wor^etterlhii^ and 
Shropihire, See alio Top. I« 67. 

G g Anno 

'^3^ Tour tiro' the Midlaad Couraut. 

Anno ab IncariuitioDe Domini MCXXV Wills Prior el CbiL 

vcQtas Eccliae Scs Marix Stotefberiae de^iki Willo filio Herbert! 

Norberiam in feod. fibi et hseredibus per centum foledos reddeo- 

dos nnoquoque anno, &c. Hujus Cdn?encionts funt teftcs Rob- 

tu9 de Ferrariis et Uxor Ejus Havifia et filins Ejus Robins et 

Witls Piperellus et Ricardus Capeltaoua & aliis. 
, Waherus filiua Johannis Fitzherbert MiBdb dedit Jobe Cokaya 

de Afshebnme maneriitni de Magna Ciifton Juxta Aftbeburne 

Dat. Anno 24 Edw. III. 

Sealed with bis arms> viz.'a chief Tairc, far tout a bend* 

The Manfion^ 

This has long been defcrted for Swinerton, and a neat modern 
fenn-houfe now occupiea the fcite of the manfion* A few of the 
arms in painted gla(s have been preferved out of the windows and 
replaced here. Amoogft tbefe we noted 

A crofs S. impaling G. 3 crofsletsfitchy O. 

Erm. a bend S. chargM with 3 martlets A. impaling Fitzherherit. 

Cokayne quartertng A. 2 bars V. impaliag A. fretty S« 

Fitzherbert impaling A? 2 bafs C 

Fhzherbcrt impaling Booth. 
^ Fitzherbert of Tiffington quartering Fitzherbert of Norbury^ 
and impaling Cotton of Redware with quarteringa* 

And feveral other cents. 

The Church. 

This (lands clofe to the manfion^ and i$ one of the moft ci>« 
rious parijh churches we ever faw. The windows are uniformly 
darkened with the rich gloom of the gneft painted glafs, full of 
Saints and legends and arms, &c« &c. And here are fome beau* 
tifol altar- tombsy and ancient fepulchral memorials, aixl an exu- 
berance of carving in the wood-work of the pews aad differeni 

Thefc were the arms, very large and fplendid, principally ia 
the Chancel. 

Quarterly O and B, a bend G. 

Per pale O and B. a faltier counterchaog'd^ 

G. frettyO. 

B, frctty O. 


%nr thrlf the Midland Counties* a^tf 

Barry of 6. O and V, a bend G. 

Guoony of 8. O asd G. - 

Quarterly O and G. a bend S* 

B. 3 gzvhs O.—^KeUelioc, Earl of Chejier^ 

O. 3 chevrons G Clare ^ Earl of Gbucefler, 

O. a crofs G Burgh^ EarlofVlJler. 

^ Checqujr O and B. Warren, Earl of Surry* 

A 2 pales B. a bend G, charged with 3 efcallops O* England 
^ith a label of 5 B. charg'd each with 3 neurs de lis O. 

O. a faltier and chief G. Bruc/ei 

Paly of 10, O. and B» 

England. ^ 

A. a chief vairc G and O. a bend S; ■ Fitzherheri^ 
Barry of 6. A and B. a canton B« 

G« a crofs fleure A. 

G. a maunch O. 

Paly of 6. A and B« a fefle G. 

Fitzherbert again^ 

G. a lion rampc. A.— — -^wArtfy. 

B. a crofs - - - - O. 

Fretty B. feme of flcnrs dc lis O. 

The windows are full not only [of arms, bnt of Saints and 
for jpture- figures, legends, &c» 

The three following Epitaphs we did not fee our(eIves in this 
churchy tho* 'tis poifible they may dill be there, but have fincc 
met with in Le Neve's CollcSion of Epitaphs in the Britifh 

•* In Northbnry Churdi Oo. Derby, on a tombe in a little chapd 
on the right handt 

An. CCCC fev:enty and three 

Yeres of our Lord'pafled in degree 

The body that beried is under this ftone 

Of Nichol Fitzherbert Lord and Patrone 

Of Norbury with Alis the daughter of Henry Bothe 

Eight fonnes and five daughters he had in fothe ; 

Two fonnes and two daughters by Ifabel his wyfe 

So feventeea children he had in hys lyfe. 

This church he made of his own expence 

lu the joy of Heaven be his recompence 

6 g t Anl 

^ja Tcur thro* th Midland Countiei. 

And in moone of November the DioeteeDth dcji 
He bequeathed his foule to everlafting jey.* 

Iq the fame church. ^ 

The dart of death that no man may flee 
Nay the common lawe of mortallitie 
Hath demannded to be buried here - 
The body of Rafe Fitzharbert, Squiere 
Patrone of this church and of this tower Lord 
The Which deceafed yeares of onr Lord 


Of March the fecond dey thus parted hee* 

With him is layd upon this fepulturo 

Elfabeth his wyfe begon in fure 

Daughter of John Marfhall 
, £(q. Lord of Upton and of Sedfall. 

Seven fonnes and eight daughters they had in fere 

In this lyfe together whilft that they vere. 

Merciful Jefu that pitied mankind, 
. In thy blyfle graunt them a place to fynde. • 

Keftes ambobus requiem Deus f 


Of your charitie prey for the foule of Sir Anthony Fitzlicrberf, 
ttnight, one of the King's Juftices of the Common Bench, and 
fometyme Lord and Patrone of this towen, and Dorithie his wyfe, 
diughtsr of Sir Henry Willoughby, % ^^' ^^^ Dame Mawdc his 
]a(l wyfe, one of the daughters and heires of Richard Cotoo of 
Hlmftall Ridward Efquier, by which he had five fonnes and 
five daughters, which 

Sir Anthony deceafed the 27 of May A^ Dni 1538, and the 
faid Dame Mawdc — — — ^ 

• Harl. MSS. 3606. Sub. Anno 1473. 

+ MS. P. L. Ltntvt Hirl. MSS. 3607. 

i See the epitaph on her in Midleton Church. Dugd. Warw. p« fs'* 

% MS. P* U. tcnpvc, Harl. MbS> 3609. . 


Tcp4>^, j^txlq^ 

Ajtcikwt Tomb in IfOKBrmY Chitrch. 

fdtir tbro^ tbi Mdland Omntiisl 2^) 

The folIowiDg we faw.on a brafs fixed od a plain blue marble' 

altar tomb. 

Ijft facet corpus! ^ofiannW ifftjlerbrtt SLvmi^tii quom 
liam a>omini titttust a^Acrii qui o&fit ^ » ^ -. ^aiiiti 3|as 
cobf flpoSoU a^CCCCC trfceamo prfmo cufujS anCmai 
propictetut SDeujaf^ fitmcn^ 

Arms. Fitzherbert impaling 3 boars headd. 

Here are alfo two exceediogly rich marble altar tombs, one. 
with the recumbent figure of a man in armour ; his fvvord by his 
ikle, and a lion at his feet; the other is alfo in armour, and has 
his wife by his fide. 

The firft feems to have the crofs of Malta by him ; and round 
the fides of the tomb under rich gothic arches are the figures of 
prieflsy &c» 

Under the iame fort of arches round the other are feveral male' 
and female figures, each having one hand on a fliield. 

We faw no infcription to either of thefe, tho* poifibly to the 
latter one of the before printed epitaphs may belong. 

Befides thefe there is an exceedingly ancient and rude figure of 
a warrior in the chancel, lying on a flab, raifed about a foot above 
the ground, with a crooked leg, and a dog at his feet, of which 
we have ftven an engraving. (See Plate 2.) ' '^ 

There is alfo an alabader flat ftone, with a figure in a winding 
flieet ; the infcription not legible. 

What elfe there may be worthy of notice in this fingularly cn-^ 
rious and once fplendid church, the rapid coming on of evening 
prevented our noticing, in a building at all times dark with the 
uniform (tho' rich) gloom of painted glafs. ' 

The two beautiful altar tombs feem peculiarly defervtng the 
notice of the draughtfman and the engraver. 

There is however one modern mural tablet we forgot to men* 
tion» • 

It has the following inrcripiion. , 

'< In memory of Elizabeth Mills, one of the beft and moft va» 
Inable women that ever lived ; the pious and benevolent Chriflian; 
the tender and faithful wife i the afleAionate daughter, and fin- 
cere friend. 

She died Jul* 25> 17691 set. 39, and Ues interred near this 


«34 t'tri Strefn'd's Medttatimt in the fewer. 

Alfo in memory of Simoo Mills, huftind of the faid EHta- 
Uxhi 17 yean Reftor of this Church, whodicd June t8 iT- ' 
kgcd 57 years." •' *"' **°:>* 

The Rev. Thomas Bingham of Derby focceedcd Mr. MiU. 
and IS the prefcnt Rcftor. The parfonagc houfe U a »erv« 
, ccllent one ; and beautifully fitaated fo as to command deliohtfoj 
▼lews each way along a rkh and romantic valley 
vM^^ji""^* '*i° * ""^ charming fituatiou u^ Utt fide of an 
MV T*'' !.'T [™°i. ^''•^ Manor-honfe is one way along a rich 
valley bounded by Rowcefler, and the fpire of UtceS-X 
other to the pifturefque church and vUlageof Edlafton on tte 
fide of an hiH. "^ 

From Norbury this delightful country continoed and even im- 
proved ; meadows floping down into deep vallies by the road 
fide; and rifing again beyond into high wood-crowlaed hills • 
other Tallies often croffing them, and opening, as we pa(kd' 
fome peeping rifing out of wood amidft iu windinoit and 
forfouUS^" *"' **"'" P"^°"g« caUvening the delight- 

J- J^li*'"* T'' "•»* °?.' f"** ^ "Old not examine the parts 
Aftinftly any longer. A little before we came to Aftiborn w« 
turned to the right and croffed the Dove by a confiderable bridw 
7,ft ^a^ *'* " "• ^'** ^^ moonlight a very piftj! 

Of Aftbourne, at which we now arrived, we intend giving an 
hutory la a feparate article. b""'^ "« 

y ( Tt it tiuitntttd. ) 

Art. VII. Lord Strafford's Mtditations in tbt Tower, MS. 


Go, empty Joys, 

With all your noife, 

And leave me here alone 

In fad fweet filence to bemoan 

The fickle worldly height, 
Whofe danger none can fee aright, 
Whilft your falfe fplendors dim the fight j 


L9rd Strajird^s Meditailons In the Tnver. "^35 

Go and eofQare 
With your trim ware 
Some other worldly wight ; 
Aod cheat him with yoar flatteriog fight 5 
RaiQ OD liis head a (bower 
. Of honor, greatoefs, wealth and power 
Then foatch it from him in an hour. ' 


Fill his Wg mind 

With gallant wind 
Of Infoleni appUufe 5 
Let him aot fear the curbing laws ; 

Nor King, nor people's frown ; 
But dream on foroethiog like a Crown, 
Then, climbing upwards, tumble down • 

Let him appear 
In his bright fphcrt 
Like Cynthia in her pride, 
With ftarHke troops on every fide 
For nomber and clear light. 
Such as may foon o*er whelm him qulfv 
And Wind them both in one dead night ! 

Welcome, fad night, 

Griefs fo!e ddight ! 
Thy mourning bcft agrees 
With honor's funeral obfequics ' 

In Thetis' lap he lies 
Mantled with foft fccurities, 
Whofe too much funslight dims bis eyes. 

Was be too bold 

Who needs would hold 
With curbing reins to fway; 
And make Sol's fiery fteeds obey ? ^ 

Therefore as raOi was I, 
Who with ambitions wings did fly - 
In Charlis*s PTaine too haftily 1 . 

gtj6 Some Account of Gaififiorootgk, 

I fall, I fall t 
Whom (hall I call ? 
Alas ! (hall I be heard ? 
Who DOW, am neither lov'd nor fcard ? 
Youy who haTe vow'd the ground 
To kifs, where my bleft fVeps were found, 
Come» catch me at my laft rebound & 

8. • 

Now each admires 

Heav*ns twinkling fires^ 
Whilft from their glorious feat. 
Their Influence gives light and heat. 

But oh I bow few there are, 
(Tho* danger from the aft be far,) 
Will run to catch a falling (tar ! 


O, were*t our fare 

To imitate 
Thofe lights, whofe pailidhefs 
Argues no inward guiltinefs ! 

Their courfe is one way bent. 
Which is, the caufe, there's no diflent 
In Heavn's High Court of Parliament.* 

Art, VIII. Some Account of Gain/borough^ in Lincoln/hire i 
defcription of its old Hail \ Church I^criptions^ &ff. 

*' Gainjboro* is a good market town, and is iz miles from Lin- 
coln. I faw no things much to be marked in it but the pariih 
church, where lieth richly buried Sir Thomas Boro, Knight of 
the Garter, and Ana de Botreaux his wife. He disd 1408, and 
was grandfather to the Lord Borow that now is, and made the 
'moil of the motid manor place by the weft end of the church yard. 
This' Lord Borow's father lies in the choir. In the fame church 
lies D. Edmundus Cornewaile, who died 1322, that had « 
great motid manor place called Thona^ in a wood a mile eaft 
from Gainelborough- It longeth yet to the Comewailes. 

* TtMjfSm^^ fropi Harl. MSS. No. 4933. 


in Lincoln/hire^ Gfr. 237 

There is an old chapel of (lone in the fouth part o( Gainefba- 
iroQgh town, where they of the town fay that many Danes be 
buried ; alfo a chapel of wood on Trent fide by S. in Gainef- 
boroWy now defolated. There is a park by Gainfborow longing 
to rhc Lords Borow.*** 

Camden gives the following account of this place* "The 
Trent runs down to Gainjborrotv^ a little town remarkable for 
being the anchoring place of the Danifh (hips, and for the deatb 
of Suene Tingjkege^ the Danifh tyrant, who, after ravaging the 
country, was (as we learn from Matthew of Wcflminfler)+ ftab- 
bed by an unknown hand, and received the punifliment due to 
his crimes. Many ages after, it was the property of William de 
Valence^ Earl of Pembroke, who pbtained for it the privilege of 
a fair from Edward I. From this Earl by the Scotch Earls of- 
Athol and the Perezes defcended the Barons Borough, who lived 
here, of whom before in Surrey/'J 

This family of Burgh, alias Borough, of Gaynefborough, in 
Com. Line, (fays Dugdale) did derive their defccnt from Hubert 
de Burgh J a younger fon to the fiiinous Hubert de Burgh, fome- 
time Juftice of England, and Earl of Kent : but the firft of them, 
touching whom I have feen any riling memorable is Thomas ; 
who being a Knight in 10 E. IV, at which time the Kidg was 
taken by Neville Earl of fFarwick^ and kept prifoner at Middle- 
ham-Caftle in the North ; but with leave to ride out and hunt» 
for his recreation j joined with Sir IVilllam Stanley, in the refcue 
of him from this Guards. And upon his return from beyond 
fea (being conftrained at that time to quit the Realm, as is very 
well known) met him at Northampton, with what afliftance he 
could raife ; and accompanied him to Barnet field, where he be- 
came viAorious. 

This Sir Thomas Borough^ by Elizabeth his wife, daughter and 
one of the coheirs to Sir Henry Perci of Athol, Knr. left ifTuc 
Thomas his fon and heir. Which Thomas was eleftcd into the 
Society of Knights of the mbft noble Order of the Garter^ in King 
Richard IIPs time, and advanced to the dignity of a Baron ot 
this Realm, 29 Sept. 3 H. VIL Whereupon he had Summons 
to Parliament the fame year and afterwards : and by his teftament, 
bearing date 18 Febr. An. 1495, (11 H. VII) bequeathed his 

• Lcl. VaI, I, f. 36, Vol. VII, f. 51. 

t P. 19?- 

t Cough's Camden, Vol. U, p. 230. 

H h body 

238 Somt Ac<outtt ef Gainjhorou^h^ 

body to be buried in his new. Chapel, within the paiifti of M^ 
Saints at Gaynefburgh, in Com. Line. Appointing that a tomb 
ftiould be erefted at the north end of the Altar in the fame cha- 
pel, with two images thereon, viz* of himfelf in armour, and of 
his wife ; with their arms, and the days of their refpcflivc deaths. 
Alio upon that for himfelf to have hk mantle of the Garter, with 
a garter about his leg. Likewife that in the fame chapel there 
fhould be founded a perpetual chantry for one prieft» whom be 
willed to be honefl, difcreet, able, and cunning in reading .and 
finging ; to help to ferveGod, and to keep the qurre daily in the 
faid church ; and to fiag and pray in the fame chapel for his foul; 
and for the foul of Dame Margaret his wife ; as alfo for the (bnU 
of his father and mother, and all his .anceAors ; and to haw aa 
annual rent of ten pounds for evermore. 

Moreover he willed, that, upon his mother, lying InterFcd in 
St. James Abby, near Northampton, there (bould be laid a ftooe, 
(bmewhat raifed in height, with the arms of his father and mo- 
ther thereon ; and an infcription ; for the doing whereof he be- 
queathed ten pounds. 

Alfo that there (bould be founded at Gaynefburgh, an Hofpital 
for five poor bedemen, for evermore ; every one of them to re- 
ceive for his fupport, a penny a day ; and to have every other year 
a gown of 3$. 4d« price. Which poor men to be chofen of fach 
as had doae him fervice, and fervice to his heirs ; and for kick of 
fuch, then of thofe who have been tenants, within the town of 
Gaynefburgh, unco him, or to his heirs, and come to povert]^ 
The which five bedemen, to be daily at the Mafs of his Chantry- 
prieff, and to help him to fay De prafundis in audience; and 
fuch of them as were learned, their Pater-Nojiir^ Avt^ and 
Crtedy at the leaft. 

Furthermore he willed, in cafe his fon Thomas (hould be living 
at the day of his burial, that behave to his chamber, with j^.XL, 
the one half in plate, and the other in houfhold fluff. Likewife 
that his daughter, the Lady Fitz Hugh, have a book of gold 
enameled ; and that his godfon Thomas, (the eldefl fon to his 
fon Sir Edward) have a crofs of gold, fet with an emeraudc in the 
inidft, which was his mothers. And that his daughter Anne 
fhould have another crofs of gold, which was his wives, fet with 
ftones, and a great ruby in the midlt. 

Shortly after which he died ; for the probate thereof bears 
dare upon the 19th May following \ leaving KFue two for.» and 
two daughters. 


fw Llncohjhire^ (ft. 2 J9 

' His cldcft foo Sir Edward married Anne, datighter and heir of 
Sir Thomas Cobham, Knt. and by her left iflbc Thomas his foa 
and heir, who was furomdhed to Parliament 21 H. VIH, and by 
Anne, daughter of Sir William Tirwhit of Kctilby in Com* Lin^. 
Knt. kft ilYue Thomas his fon and heir,^ who had ifliie Henry his 
fen and heir* 

But this Henry in cafe he fncceeded him, did not long enjoy 
the honor : for it appears that in 15 Bliz. William bore the tiije 
of Lord Burgh, and was one of the Peers who fate, in judgment 
upon the Duke of Norfolk. 

Which William by Katherioe his wife, daughter to Edward, 
Earl of Lincoln, had iflTue Sir John Borough, Knt. who died in 
his life rime; and Thomas who fucceeding him 36 Eliz. was em- 
ployed EmbaiTadorinto Scotland, to incite King James againA the 
Spanlfh faftion there ; and to procure fuch an aflbciation of the 
Protectants, as might preferve him, and that relif»ion from all fo* 
reign praAlfes. He was Hkewife Governour of Brill in Flanders^ 
as alfe in 40 Lliz* made Licutennnt of Ireland ; and_ departing 
this life (hortly after, left his three daughters his heirs ; Elizabeth 
married to George Cobham, a younger fon of William, Lord 
Cobhatn ; Frances, and Anne.^ 

** The town has a good market, and the moft flourt(hing trsde 
in the county, and may rival even Hull and Bofton. It is fuppoitd 
to have given birth to William de Gainiborough, Bifbop ot Wor- 
cefler from 1302 to 1308. The learned Sin)on Patrick, Bi(hop 
of Ely, was born here 1626, and died 1707. It gave title of 
tarl 16S3 to Edward NIfel, Lord Noel of Ridlington, and Vif- 
count Campden, (ucceeded 1689, by his fon IVriothefley Bapujl^ 
who dying without liTue 1690, the title pafled to hiscoufm ger- 
man Bdptifty and from hioi to his fon and name fake 1714* He 
died immaturely and defervedly lamented 1750, and was fuc* 
ceeded by his fon and name fake, and he 1759, by his brother 
Henry ^ 6th and prefent Earl. I'he infide of the prcfent church 
is fitted up in a ftyle of elegant fimplidty. Near it are the ruins 
of a fine old hall belonging to the family of Hickman, and inha- 
bited 1742 by Sir Nevile Hickman, Bart, fince deceafed."t 

However from a Gainsborough correfpondent we hnd the fol- 
lowing defcription of this ancient building. -*^ainsbro' old Hall 
is compofed chiefly of brick and Irifh pak/* b6ib exceedingly 

• Dngdalc's Baronage, Vol. IT, p. »S8, Sec. 

f GougU's AUuidoos to Camilen, Vol. H, p. tSo. 

H h 2 r^itmi 

2^0 Some A£c$uni ef Gainjhoraughf 

fouody coDfideriDg the time they have flood, and is boilt on a 
fquare piece of groand» at the fouth end of the towD. Thefrooc 
(which is to the weft) is in the form of a tower, having various 
round turrets of brick in difierent heights, and on the top of them 
are places for cannon, (as well as ornament) cafed with ftooe. 
A large range of windows curiouQy painted extends the whole 
breadth, and the various plants which (hoof out their heads to 
the different part^ of the building, combine to give it a very pic- 
turefque appearance. It has various large gardens in good coo* 
dition, and a pool, which belongs to fome gentlemen io the town. 
Thefe have all been, (with the palace) encompafled with a mote, 
part of which is yet to be feen. Its large hall is facing the mart 
yard ; this has had a marble floor, and being quite hollow, i« 
fupportcd with curious pillars and arches of oak, elegantly carved 
in a variety of figures, in the nitches of the arches are Aatuef of 
warriors, kings, ^c. This hall is now converted into a Theatre 
at a great expcnce. 

This palace contains a great many rooms inhabited by families^ 
rent- free, and that part to the fouth has the arms of the founder* 
neatly cut in ftone, and placed under a large window. Th^ 
higheft tower is 26 yards, and the whole of the palace is 6oo feel 
fquare,' and is in the eftate of Lady Hickman* 

CainJbro\ March i, 1790. W. W. 

Arms and inrcriprions in Gain/borough Church, from Gervafe 
Hollcs's MS. before quoted. 

Tumulus Marmoreus cum effigicbcs Alabaftrinis Thomsp 
B urgh Militis aurese Perifcclidis, & uxorU ejus. 

In Feneftra Infulae Auftralis. 

Emp.iled. Quarterly B. 3 flowrcs de lizc ermine, a label W'lb 

3 files argt. Burgh. 

Or, a lion rampant B. Percy^ 

Or, 3 pallets fa. Comyn Comes Atholia. 

G. on a chevron or, 3 elloyles fa, Cobham of Sterborough. 

Burgh, and his quarterings within the garter. 

Empaled. B. 3 flowres de lize ermine.- Burgh. 

Quarterly. G. 3 waterbougets argt. Ros, 

• Probably thpfc of Burgh. E^t. 

in UncobifiStre, lie* 241 

G. a fefle between 2 bars gemeiis arg. a crefcent B. and wheele 
within arg. 

£mpaled. B. a chief and 3 chevronds braced b bafe Or.-— — 

B. 3 flowrcs de lize ermine. Burgh. 

' An arme coupee argt lie Or, Vulgo Manfere ^ Burghs creft 

A falcon volant, ermine coUered with a crowne > and 
Or. J fnpportcrs. 

G. 3 greyhoundes curfant arg. 

Arg. a faitier fa. 

Arg. a maunch fa. 

Chequy arg. and fa. a bend G. 

Arg. a lyon rampant G. .crowned or, a border eograyled bu 

In Mnro Auftrali Infnlae Aoftralis. 

Tnmnlus Agnetis filiae Chriftopheri Draper Militis Alderman. 
London. & unius haer. qus primae Conjugis Willidmi HickemaA 
(poftea militis) que obiit 22^ Febr. 1 599* Elizab. filia Senior 
Willi. Willughby hacr. apparentis Caroli Dni Willughby de Par- 
ham uxor lecunda. 

Empaled. Party per pale endented Arg. and B.<^— H/cibKaxk 

Quarterly. Arg. on a feflfe G. a mullet of the firft, abd a 
coppea or, between 3 annulets of the 2d.— *— JDr^T^^r. 

Ermine on a chief B. 3 lyoos rampant or. 

£rm. a fefle chequy arg. & fa* 

Feneflra.Orientalis in Ludo litterario. 

r Arg. a faliier, on a chiefe G. 3 efcallops aig.— — - 
Empaled < Talhis. 

( B. 3 flowres de Hzc ermine. -Burgb. 

Empaled. Quarterly, Fitz Hugh, and Marmyon. Burgh. 

Emosded \ ^^* ^ ^ barsG. 3 waterboogetsarg. jyillughbj. 

^f*^^ c B. 3 flowrcs de lize ermine . Burgb. 

Dnus Georgins Talbois me fieri fecit. 
Cifta Elizab. Fitz-Hugh me fieri fecit. 

Art. IX. 

iaL42 Church Nctes of Stanford on Soar, 

Art. IX. Church Nous of Stanford on Soar, in the County of 

Mr. Editor. 

I here fend you fomc Notes taken from the Church of Stanford 
on Soar, m tb^ County of Nottingham, laft Summer, which wUl 
nearly continue the defcent of the Lordftiip of Stanford from the 
tinac Dr. Thoroton wrote to the prefent time. 

Oq a board againft the church wall fixteen coats marftulled ia 
one (hieid* 

I. Arg. on a fcffe az. 3 boars 10. Sab. a che?. betw. 3 . \ 

heads or, and in ^ief a lion arg. 

paffant gu. (Lewis.) 1 1. Arg. a dragon's head crafcd 

a. Sab. a lion rampant arg. vert, in his mouth a.finiftcr 

3. Per pale gu. and fab. three band couped at the wrift gu. 
fleurs de lis or. ^ 12. Arg. a fefle between 3 muK 

4. Sab. 3 nags heads erafed arg. lets of 6 points fab. 

5 Arg. 3 lions paflint guardant 13. Arg. a chevron between 3 

g». -*s fab. 

6. Az. a crofs pattee fitchee or. 14. Varry arg. and fab. a bend 

7. Sab. 3 rofes arg. gules. 

8. Or. a lion paffant guardant jj. Arg. 3 water bougets gules, 
go* lb. trminc a feffc dancett^ 

9. Arg. a lion rampant fab. gules. 

Crcft, out of a mural coronet or, a boar's head ercft ermine. 
On the fame board beneath the arms this infaiption. 

In mcmoriam gencrofiffimi 

FraBcifci filii fecundo-geniti Thomae Lewes fenioris. armSi 

qui obiit 5^ Febr. A^. Dora. 1680 i^itat fu« 25 Annoip 

Thomae primogenrii filji Thomae Lewes junior.' armig.' 

nat. ». Mali 1688 qui obiit infans & 

Thomae filii fecundi Thomae Lewes junior.* armig/ 

nat. 14. Mali 1690, qui obiit infans. 


in the County of Nottlngbam. 2^;^ 

On m Alabaftcr Monument againft the wall, and near to the fame 
place, tbe arms of Le^^is impaling arg. on a bend cottifed faSx 
3 mullets pierced Or^^-^ Andrews ; and this infetiptiou. 

" In 


of Thomas Lewes, fon and heir of 

Tho. Lewes of Stanford, in tbe County 

of Nott. Efq. by Efizabeih, daughter 

of' Francis Dafhwood of the City of 

London, Efq. 

And of Anne his wife, elded daughter 

of Sir Matthew Andrews, in tbe County 

of Surry, Knt. whofe bodies lye in the 

Vault beneath this place. 

He died the i6th of March Anno Domini 1695. 

She died the i8th of Jan. Anno 1694. 

From them and Thomas Lewes^ fenior^ 

Efq. folcly at the cod of thefe three 

This Church had its reparation^ 

Ornaments and Beauty. 

Alfowiih them lye the 

bodyes of two of their 

Children both Thomas's 

and dyed Infants. 

Fttimus Erimus/'' 

On a marble Monument clofe to the laft. 

** In memory of 

Francis Lewis of Stanford, Efq. 

who by a peculiar vivacity and agreeable turn 

of Thought,- with a found Judgment, 

flridl honour, inflexible Juftice, and 

a beneficent Difpofition, 

iroprov'd and perfe^ed by a clear knowledge and feriou» 

praflice of Religion, highly adorned 

all the offices of Life. 

As a pledge of her tender and afTe^ionare regard 

This monument was erected by 

Sophia Lewis his Widow and Executrix. 

He departed this life March the 3d, 1 743* 

in the 5 2d year of his age. 


244 Church Notes ^Stanford on Soar^ 

Here alfo lies Thomai Lewis» Efq. 

fea of the above Fnocis and Sophia his wife^ 

who died the gth day of June 1747, 

io the 27th year of his age* 

Here alfo lies Sophia, relift of the above F. 

Lewis* Efq. and daughter of Sir Samuel Dafliwood. A 

Lady whofe life was truly ufeful and endearing 

by an amiable difplay of the fodal, and a fincere 

praAice of aO the Chriftian Virtues. 

Ob. ift Apr. 1757 -*'^- 66- 

Arms.— *Lewis impaling ai^g. on a fei& double cottized 
gules three eagles beads erafed or.«-«-Dafhwood. 

On a handfome Monument of white Marble near the laft. 

" In fepulchro camerato fubjacct 

Carolns Lewis Arm : 

Ecdefise hujns Parroous, ac Dirionis Dominus, 

Coll : Magd : apud Oxon : per annos decern plus minus 

Meritiffimus quondam Socius, 

Natalibus juxtaatque Indole Generof us, 

Piobitate fpeAata hand Ulli Secundus, 

In Ainicos Comis Benignus, 

In omnes Urbanus, 

Egeftates Inopum humana Mentc perfenfit alacrique manu kvsvi^ 

At morbo heu ! dinturno coirfeAus 

Ultimus fus gentus roultis ille flebilis ocddit 

iamo. die Martii A. D. 1763 ittat. 40«o« 

Sophia conjux Samk Phillipps de Garenton in agro Leiceft: 

foror fola fuperftes 

In dilefliifimi fratris memoriam 

Monumentum hoc Erigi juffic. 

On flat ftones oh the Chancel floor. 

Hcrelyeth the body of Mr. Frances Lewes, 2d <bn of Thomas 
Lewes of Stanford, Efq. who died at Great Marlow, in ibc 
County of Bucks, on the 5ih Feb. 1680, in the 25th year of hit 

Here lyeth the body of Mr. Robert Lewes, Rcftor of Stanford 
— • fon of George Lewes of Mancetlcr, In the County of War- 
wick, Efq. who died the 13th of April, 1686, about the 7!td 
year of his age. 


inthi Cumif ef Nottingham. ^ 245 

^ H^re lyeth the body of Mr. Richard Lewes, 1 ith Ton of £d^ . 
Ward Lewes of MaDcetter, in the County of Warwiclce, ETq^ 
Vfho died the 15th of Feb. 1679, about the 60th year of bis age* 

There are feveral other iofcriptioos on flat ftooes, both in the 
Church and Chancel, but as moft of them, ,(^xcept two or three 
mentioned in Thoroton) relate only to the ReAors and their Cu- 
rates, I thought them not very material to the continuation of 
1'horoton't Hi (lory, as he has not given the fucceffion of Rectors 
to his time: if however yoc^ (hould think them worth infertiog, 
I will fend them to you at another opportunity. 

Thomas Lewis, Efq. purchafer of Stanford,=Eliz. daughter of. 
Francis Dafliwood, of London, Efq. > 

Thomas Lewis, Efq. ob. 16 Mar. 1695, Francis ob. 
= Anne, daughter of Sir Matthew An« i68o. 
drews, Knr. 

S Feb. 






Francis Lewis«=:Sophia, da. 
£fq.ob» 3Mar. of Sir Sam. 
1743. Dafiiwood. 

Eliz. married Rich. 
4th fon of Sir Rob. 
Dafhwood, Bart. 
I * 



Thomas Charles Sophia married 

Lewis, Lewis, Sam. Phillips 

Efq. ob. 9 Efq. ob. of Garrenlon^ 

June xa March. Efq, & ob. 

i747.f.p. 1763. f. p. f. p. i 

Mrs. Phillips of Garrenion dying without iflue, the cftate at 
Stanford which was pofleiTed by her hufband, Sam. Phillips, 
Efq. (after the death of Charles Lewis, Efq.) devolved, on his 
death* upon Charles Vere DaQiwood, Efq- the now poflefTor, or 
upon his father or mother jf who are both living and refide \n 
Lincoln(hire. . Mr. Dafliwood has built a very elegant Manfica 
here, in which he now refides. I prefume he is defcended from 
Elizabeth, the wife of Richard, 4th fon of Sir Rob. Dafhwoodi 

• See Kimber^t Baronetage, Vol. II, p. 479. 

f The maiden name of the moiher of Charics Vere Daihwood, Efq. was 

• I i^ but 

2if6 Stfirtet mgsrAig BdnnliiSk fet. 

b«t I liaf e fecQ no eTidcnce to fcipporc mj Ofaaiaa oclwr flfatr 
wfatt b ftsced. 

AnT. X. j^riis figariing Ssr^nUs in fa. 

'fotheEDiTOn^of the Topa<;itA^ȣii. 

' A doubt urtiioh srofe itf my mtod; On reading the papers i» 

nr ufefulaDd enteitainiDg work, upon the fnbjeA of Baronicr 
se^ hat Induced me to reqoeft an anfwer to the following^ 
^uery, either fromvyoorTelfeSr or your intelligent Correfpoodents. 
, Whether upon tlie dcoeafe of a Noblenan ia Whom Ic^eral Ba^ 
ranies in fee, are by his anceftors marriages with beit«flcs beaooo' 
vefted, (as is tlte cafe in thte Norfolk, NortbcMnbnland, and otheif 
'great families,) and who dies without ifTne male, leaying feverat 
daughters, the King by virtue of his prtroeativc royal can cnH 
out.of abqranceall thofe Baronies, and conrer tbera- one bv one 
upon the daughters and their ifTue. The operation of which is 
in faft tantamount to the creation of (b many dillinft Baronies, 
wlttcfa before \vere merged ia one rftia. 

Yours, &c- 
Jfyrilii^ I790r J. e 


Were even tiv^ty Ji/KnSf Baronies in Fee, vefted'in a Nobie« 

' man who bad twenty daughters his coheirs, we take for granted 

the King conld take th^ alloat of abeyance, and confer one 

npon each daughter^ tho' it is not* to be prefomed the King would: 

ever confer fuch a favor on ^ny family, as to feparate again even 

Hu$ Baronies a]rea(iy merged in one perTon. 

. Our Correfpondeut need hardly be informed, t&at many of the 

fiaronies afcribed to fome of the old Nobility in the common 

Peerages, are nt>t really vefied titles, but only fuch aa they have % 

i^clam to. Such we believe are fome in the Noffolk, Beitelej^ 

, Shfcwlbury, and 4^ds families^ 

A AT. ZI. 

^erJes ref^iSHog Mpmbm^h in Devonjhin^ ^47 

Art. XI. ^varits r^iOing BraJnincb, in Devon/bin* 
Mr. Editor^ 

Having lately beea PX jBradoinch, In I>eiro&fli)i«, at rof retm 
from thence, I toroed over feveral authors in endeavonring to find 
fomt hiftory of tbat ancient Boroogh. tmt could n^eet with n^ 
thing to my fiid$faftion> I have therefore to reqaeft yon, Mr. 
EUiitor, or any of your numerons friends;, to furnifh the world 
"with a defGription of that town through the medium of your va- 
luable pubiicatiMp and the favour will be semembemi by maof^ 
.as well as«byy 

Mr. Edkor, 

Your coaftoDjt Reader^ 

A. k 


The Caitors add ri^eir wiflies to thofe of |l^r i;:k>rr4ppi^ent 
^at fomebody would favour them with an a^xpuat of Srads|nch. 
They have confjuUed ^«fteoit*s MS. iji^ whifl^.j^l^ rwirding 
stis tobefotHML ^ . - . ^ • 

Art* XIL An biraUrical Pj^m., 

The felkiwing little PMlm traarcribed fitJta Hiui M9S. W . 
«933, fecaas pofleffiKl of much fivetmefii ajodlmiliouf, aqd as idl 
its allufions are totbat fort of jeamiag, ^ wUch this Ixiok isfuH, 
^e are very willing to here, recoUedVing that many 
4U1 one has turned ^ iscr^i irom himfelf by J^ir/W A^. 

''■ ... I. 

Te fair injor'd Nymphi, and ye Besat «(1m deceive km. 
Who with paffi«n engage, and withoat reafon leave Vol 
Draw etw «od sttcBii, kow the Hen { iiw, 
Waa foU>d ty a GM, tha'ttJrmhemugM^. 

. n. 

Crifit, MatttSt Suppmrttrs, iadBetrimtkaevrh^ 
And deeply was ftodied in old Pt^ptt \ 

^ I 

8^.8 An hitcUfical Poemi 

' He would fit zn whole Evening, and not wtchoot raptace^ 
TeH wbobcpx who, to the cod of the Chapter. 


In forming his faiJes, nought greivM him fo forelys 

That the man died c^eUbs^ or elfe Jine prole. 

At laft having trac*d others families down. 

He began to have thoughts of encreaiing his own* 

IV. * ' 

A Damfcl he chofe, — to tic faftcr the noofe. 

He next would attack her iafofc UlUt-dcux ; 

His Awnt audSabU were laid afide quite, 

plain Englijb he wrbte, and in plain black and wbiu* 

^ Againft fuch atphievments what Beanty conld fence, 
' * Or who would bare thought itwas all but pretence ; 
• Hi9pa!n t6 rdfcyfe and'fumll his defite, 
w The kdy igreed^io Joitt hands with the Squire. 

i \ .»y •• ♦-" 

The Squire in a fret tfiat the ]t(i went fo far, 
CoQ&dencd wifl^ fpqyl J^ t^ p»^iqf a:>Sai- ; 
. ^ £fW ^orda bound aot Mm^ fince l^er^ 4id oot coofine beri 
,r:.Af^4jit)f^.f^P^i'^^'^' becaufe^^^isail/iisvr. 

r _ ; .' .^ . ■ yii^ -y '. 

A^'brifkly replied that the Law was too liard^ 
If ^ ^ba-s A Min^ ofay not be a fFari%' 
She made him give bond iorJlamp*d Argent and Ori 
And fabUd his (hield with Gules bkzon'd before. 

;";/ ' y \ Via.: . 

Ye Heralds produce from the time of Hie Normans^ 

In all your Jlecords.fudi a bafe nm^pei^rmance ; - ' 

Or if without ioftance the Cafe is we toucti on. 

Let this be fet down as a blot in hb ScutcheoQ. 



f """'Sir 





ii"UHP ' 

r ■! ■ 


' '■l'''.VIi 
■■'.' A M 'iiw 


Art. XIIL Hjfiory $/ Ripton, in Derbjjbin 

In entering on the hiftorj of a place, of which we have proUl- 
blyraifed fome ex{>eaatio&s, becanfe we liave continually made 
the hope of gtttiog together more materials an apology for d^ 
ferring it, we feci peculiar diffidence. Kor b that diffidence 
leflened, when we refledl not only on its ancient grandeor, bnc 
on the prefent hitereft which many of that neighbourhood^ who 
«re moft likely to have heard it announced with artention, proba^ 
.Uy nonriih in tl^eir bofoms for it: for here moft of the geniiqr 
round were educated. Few indeed there are» who have feit their 
early hopes io little damped, as not to look back on thof&dayt 
cf fenfibility and. cbcerfulncfr, which they, pafled in their child* 
hood, with peculiar pleafure. Few there are, who would MC 
exclaim with G& AT.. 

Ah happy hills, ah pleaiing (hade» 

Ah fields belov'd in vain, 
Vrhere once my carelcfs childhood flray'^ 

A ftranger yet to pain. 
I feel the gales that from ye blow, 
A momeotary blils bellow 

As waving freCh their gladfome wing. 
My weary foul they feem to footh 
And redolent of joy and youth 

To breathe a fccond fpring/* * • 

With thefe attachments expeAatioos will rife tiThich the du!l» 
Bcfs of Antiquarians with their mufty deeds, old feals, and bl^k 
letter infcription (though thin they are performing the moft ufefol 
part of their vocation) can ill fatisfy. 

1 Our hands therefore will tremble as we begin our account ^lt}i 
the tranfcript of ancient charters. 

Yet there is fomething very curious to contemplative minds in 
obferving with what addrefs religious fraternities continued^C'* 
cumulating eftates from all ranks of people, while all was ac- 
ceptable to them and procured prayers for the foul of the Donor, 
from a rod (nay from a foot or two) of land, to whole manors, anil 

Repton lies about a mile and half north weft of Formarke, op 
the banks of the Trent fonthwards^ four miles eaft of Burton on 
Tcenti and feven miles fouth ^eft of Derby. It is a large good 


CQunrry toWn with an handfome chwrch, aod Tery fine ton 
fleepie. . ....-• 

This place was aa andeot colony of the Romans caHed Jbfm- 
.Jtimm, and was afterwards callod ibtbsudun by «he Saxooi, faeiog 
:the head of ihc Mmim l0Bgdoin> tevcnd of their kiag^ Itt? log 
.(pakioes hcMb 

Here was i^efibre A. 0« i6fio« a noble inonaftery of religbas 

ineQ, and women, nndor the government of aa AbbeTs,^ after the 

Saxon Way wherein fevoral of the royal tine,* wew bnried. 

. Here in particular was boried Eltheibald, that good Eiag •f 

the Mercians, who loft Us life bjr the tteacbeiy of hia owa peo- 

-^it io the year 750. 

Here alfo was buried Kiqg Merawali4 aod the other Merdaa 
'Kings:; as wdl as Eynecfaardws krodier fif Scgebert, JLkng of 
.^•he Vkft Saxons^ 

It is alfo famous for the oisforftine of Bmrtkmi, llift Khiff rf 

Mercia, who having by dint of iot-reaties and money held his 

crown twenty years, was here by the Danes ftripped of it; or rather 

relcafed from the fplendid government, and Hands as an ezanmle 

^ liow unfcttled is etcfy thing tfcat rcfts on tnoney.U ^•— ^« 

The ravages of the Danes, who wintring here, brought det 
imAion on Burthred, lahi this place in mins, in which it proba- 
bly continued to the conque(L * 

At the making of Domefday fiodk, this manor was part of 
the king^slaBds; bnr feetns foonnfter to have belonged to the 
great Earls Palatine, of Clipfter. 

In XI 72 Maud, (or Matrlda) widow of Ranulph, fecond Earl 
4if OatRdr^ bnilt h^re a priory for the blade Canons, whom flie 
liad firft placed at Calk, to the honor of the Haiij Trioity, and 
St. Mary ^ 

** Sdberga, dai^^t of AHk^ U^g^f the Saft Angles was Ahbds 

* Tanners Noticis. 

t Camden. 

) Tanner. 
. ^ fie McraaU^ Regit Meiciorw Sqmltttra. 

Corpore 4>aufAos <ut feruur) Rcopedviue Monademm oTim fatit aoliik 
^converfationibus virorunc mBgnium ec Sanf^imonialium fKoiinanim; am 
locui fccTwdum ejus Etimologiam non tacere vWetur regit excel lenti am- 
Ibaat enim Manipulus Maniis. Du^d, ^fgn. //. /. ato. £x UL Cdl. u\ 
'^. 15^. 

Tanner. . Dugd. Mon* II* iSq 


Tbefenowiog origidal Ckmers, ttox printed in the Mo&aftkoo^ 
faive falleo into our hafidsw 


Waltcr^Mvlita gratia Covttitrcnff^Kpifcopo «n5terCfqae Saofte* 
Klatris Ecckfie filiit MAtHda Comltifia CcArie Salarero Veflrs 
fiofeat celfitas me cooceflTtt Bugoois Comitis filii ner d^dtde Deo 
et SanAe Mane ct San^ WUtano ct CaxK>oicis de Kale Ecclefumi. 
<fe Rapendon com omoibnt eidctt pcrtincntibus liberam etquiecatn 
ab omoi fecalari lenricio ct ita tiberam ficiK aliqoa ecclefia ad re-, 
Itgionert liberiut poteft davi, pro falate aDime inee» et pro aDunii 
Henrici Regis avi mei, et Rannlfi Com* Cefirie domioi met et 
Itober.ti CofflHIs Glouceftrie patris mei et Mabilie Comitifle fue 
matris mee ; et pro ADimabus ooKiiam Anteceflbrum meorum^ 
Condktooe hac quod Conventus ibr conAet tanquam caput ; cot 
€alc fubjiceatur membrum.' Illius tamen perfooe ecdefiam 111am cc 
eorum teauvam comitante ablque impedimenco poi&« 

.deaut fpOQtatiei voluotaie demiA* fibi fua largiti fueriot* 

Prece ei^ mrittmoda veftram exoro dulcediuan quateous bant 
demofioam coDfilio vefhio karitactvc inceptam permanere faciatit- 
ratam. leAe ipfo Comite. Hogone fiUo bmov Nicb*' Galfir* 
Turch.' illiaa tcclefie perfonis ; Willielmo Abbatc ifi LUkftiulI ^ 
Melia Priore de Bredune ; Rogero - * • • - clerico i Alored<y 
de Cumbrci ; Inuet facerdote de - - - - - Ntcholao de Mcltua; 
Magiftro Adamo Ormo facerdott de Wiliatoo i Roberto (ilia 
foo; Benedi^o Hug* Codi/ Avonculo; Rbberto de Roppelei^ 
Jordano de Rarur ; Simooe de Stantua. Tempore Robert! Pri^ 
oris Dobi» dau fuic bee Elemofioa..* 

II. . 

fRicaj-do dii^ina gratia CofeatrleDfi Epifcopo ninrfifcnie 

SanQe Matris tcclefie filiia Hugo Coiftes Ceftrie Salaiem Veflfa 

fciattf me coeceiSflc et coafrmallc petitioor 

matris mee Comitifle MaiiMU Deo* et S^Ae Marie et SanA^*' 

Winfhno et Canooieis de Cakh etemofioam quam illitdedit 0>* 

* Ex Aate^. peoet Dom, Rob. E«fdett» dc fiormafk« BafOQetti, ^ 
whofc pofiefiion is ilfo another coniinnatioa, by Richar4» Bp. of CoTeatrf^ 
which adds to the grant *< JtA k^c^ tenure ut t9mnntm C^mcmeorum Rifm* 
ioHum de Cak cum 9ffttnunita» id/^tiea i«c e^pnUritf td pttfa$m^ H^\J^ 
/# tramferaV^ . . r 

t £& AuKog. pca«s lUberti Bardeu de Fannaske fiateMtf* 


2ft. HlfisffjifRipton^ inDirijfiirii 

mitilla mater mea Yiddicet eccleliam de Rapenduna cum omoibot 
f>ertinenciis fiiU pro falute aaimo mee et fae et pro anima Rmililifl' 
Comitis Ceftrie patris mei,: et Roberti. Cooutis Gloaceftrie a?i 
iDei et pro aDimabos omniam Aoteceflbrum noQrorum liberam eC 
quietam ab omni feculari fervicib ficut aoqaam tempore ante*^ 
ceilbrum noftrorum liberrior extirit ; tali condidone at ibi conftet 
conveocus tanquam caput, coi Cak fubji9atQr membrum Uiius^ 
tameD perfone ecclefiam illam et ejus teooram •.,.-•. 
- - - abfque impedimento poffideant - - - fpoatanet 
ToIttDtate demiiE Canonicis fua largiti fuerint : prece ergo mal- 
timoda veftram exoro dulcedinem qaatenus haoc elemofiaam 
smmoniciooe et confilio beati Walter! Epifcopi predeceilbris veflri 
ftaritate mceptam permanere faciatis racam. Tefte^ ipfa marre 
inea Comitifla Matilda ; et Ricardo avuDcuIo meo : et Radolpho 
capellano meo ; et Willielmo et Herberto clericis meis et Gal- 
iirido de Codutino ; et Aluered de Conbrai ; Willielmo Patrie ; 
Cilbcrio filio Picot ; Ricardo de Luvetot j Rogero de LiTct 3 
Bertramo Camerario ; Jordano Rafur et pluribas aliis.* 
\ Seal^— A man on borfeback, fword ia baad« and (bleld before 
Blm. , 


Matilda Comitifla Ceftrie uxor Raoulfi Comitis, Omnibns 
(anf^e Matris Ecclefie filiis Salutem. Sciatis me conceffifle & 
hac carta mea cooHrmafle^ totam decimam de Manerio meo de 
Rapendon et de' omnibus adjacentiis fais fntegre et de omnibus 
parcis meis Rapendon et - - » - totam decimam meam de red- 
ditibus meis ejufdem ville et de placitis et querelis, Deo et Sandle 
Marie €t ecclefib Sanfti WiAani dc Rapeudon* (leu t Carta Do« 
mini Mei teftatur. Hiis teftibus Willielmo CapelJano, Stephaoo 
Clerico de Rapendon, Rogero Bar be. Daverill Reglne Pincerna, 
Simone ncpote ComitiflTe Henrico et mnltis aliis.* 
^ Sea! brc^D— Part ^ it the figure of a woman. 
> It appears by the Confirmation Charter of Hen. Ill, printed* 
to the MooafticoOy that the Countefs Maud, the Foundrefs^ made 
the Priory other grants, amongfl: which was the advowfon of the 
Church of Greac Badow, \vk Eflex, (there called Bddewetune} 
id^ manor of that placq belongii^ to her ;t ^pd ^'fo her land «c 
^raunccoden, &c« , 

t ^ fix AuH>g» peoes Roberti Bnrdett Baronetti 
f 8a» Newcours't Reporc, 11, p. 2^^ 

tfijlorj tfki^otk, in herhyjhtrel aJJ* 

• IV. 

; Offloibus SinAe matris Ecclefie iiliis tarn futurii qnam pi-e- 
fentibos RaUDlphvs Come? Ceflrle falutem. Scutis roe coaceffiflb'! 
.fX prefeari carta sea coofirmaffe ekcambium qood Dpmi&a fierta* 
Comitiflk mater iQea.4edit Ecclefie San^e Tritihatis,de Rapan-' 
dtt&e et Caoonicis iUdem Deo Serfieotibus ; fcilicetCQlttxram de-^ 
fuper dotBDm Sercehaie uhi Qoarrcra eft in ezcambium terre de* 
•cttimc inter Gheaaiaom et - « - •> .q«Q ddcea<Kt dti Hn* 
Sefiom exceptis Curia et claub CappHe SaaAi Thome que renia« 
flCDt predi^ Cano&icis et M Aloeto Scot carta Domine matris 
mee teftatur. Hib teftibps Radalpho de MairnHrarin, Simoo^ 
Tofcft, Perro Roane t ThT Difpenfatarc; Warlao de VefDon y Ro- 
berto Lancelio, et R. Lancelia hlio ejus; Rogero de Catnvile;- 
Folcooe fifio Warcni; Petro Clerico ; Thoma Clerico et muttiii 


Seal, A Lioo Rampant.-— CircumfcriptioQ SIGILLVM RA- 


Omoibas Chrifti fide}ibas prefeotem cartam iofpefloria ?el tin 
^turis Ranvlpbufr Gomes Ceftrie et Lincote fahitem. Noveritft 
me pro falme anime mee ec Aoi^rum Antecefibrum et faicce& 
forom meorum dedifle, cooceffifle, et hac prefeoti carta mea cou^ 
firmafle in perpemoin. Deo et beate Marie eH ccckfie SecoSUt Trl^ 
jiltatis de Rapeodoa et Caaomcis ibidem Deo ferVientiboi unam 
bigam cum wiic9 iqu^ femel in dig in k^ir meo A Ttiwbdll trh 
rantem ad focah ad ufusjjios proprios portandumper vifum fon^ 
Jiariimei de TikinhalL Dedi $iiam eifdem CanonUis in perpetuum 
liantiam pijiandi in aqua di Trtnte fiibtus^nwm {nam fuamum 
Urr$ fue extendunt^verfus Potlacy falva mihi et heredibus meis 
pifcatione noftra ibidem quapdo nccefle habucriraus.t Sed quod 
nee ego nee heredes' mei aliquid contra diclam dooationem meam 
crga diftos Canonicos potuimus exig --••-- £e ne 

prefens fcriptum robur .... firiUi 

mei appoCtione lllud manimus. Hiis tcftibus Willielmo de Ver- 
fKMJ, JulKciar' Ccftr/ Radulpho de Wray ; Alurcdo de MuljgBy ; 
Johanne de Lexintoq ; Galfrido de Appclby 5 Norm' de Sulignji 

• Ek Autog. penes Robert! Bardett Btrooetti. 

t I Jus GriDt is recited in Henry 1 lid's Confixmicion Chjiner, 

Kk Waltqro 

i^ JHi/l^ Bf Riptm in Dirbjfinri* 

Waltero Fmdern ; Magiftro Willtelmo de Wetton ; Simooe de 

Berford ; Simooe et Jofaanoe Clsricis et aliis. 

Scaled with h\$ Seal. — On ooe fide, a man on horfeback, in 
•rmoar, and clofe helmet, with a fliield before himr and (word 
in hand ; with this Circuntfcriptioo, SIGILLVM RAMULPHI 

On the Rcverfe.— His arms, 3 garbs, with the fame circum- 

The Charter of Henry III, confirming the grant of Conotefii Maud. 

Heoricns Dei Gratia Rex Anglie et Dnx Normannie et Aqui- 
tanie et Comes Andegavie Archiepifcopis, Epifcopis, Abbatibns, 
Ccxnltibns, Baropijbas, Jiifticiariis, Vic^ comitibus et omnibo& 
jdiniftris fidelibus fuis Salutem. Sctatis me conceflifle et prefenti 
carta mea confirjn^fle Matilde .Cognate iqee CdBitilTe Ceftrie et 
ecdcfic Sanfte Triniutis dc Rappendona et Canpnicis ibideni. 
Deo fisrvientibus omnes rationabiles doaationes et conceffiooes 
qoas Hugo Comes Ceftrie eis fecit^ et carta fua confirmavif* 
Quare volo et , firmiter precipio quod prenominata Comitifla et 
prefata Ecclefia San£te Trinitatjs et Canonici ejufdem lod habeant 
ct teneant omnia tenementa que prediflus Comes eis coQceffit de 
feodb fuo bene et pacifice, libere, et quiete, plenarie, integre^ et 
fconoriiice in bofco, et piano, in pratis, et pafturis, in aquis et 
mpiendinis, in viis et femitis, et in omnibus aliis^ locis cum om- 
oibns Ifbertatibus, et liberis confuetudinibus fuis^ficut carta pre- 
^\&i Comitis HugoniB raHonabiliter teftatur. Tefte Magiftro Wal- 
fero dc Conft.' Godefr/ de Luci ; Ranulfo de Glanvili ; Thomi 
fiiio Bernard! ; Hngone de Morewich. Apod Lichisfeld.f 


Omnibus fanfte Matris ]^clefie fiiiis ad quos prefens fcriptnm 
pervencrit R. mlferadone divina Coventren. et LichesfddeQ. 
^ptfcopus faliitem in Domino fempiCernam. Religiofornm indemp- 
siratibus providere, et ebrum paterna folicitudine ftudere pro- 
ye£^ibu8, paftoHs nos cqmpeUit of&cium/et carius poftolat or- 
dinata - - - - dilef^orpm ip Chrifto filiprom Prions ct 
Canonicbrnm de Repindon juftis po|lp)ationibu8 sMipuentes, 11^* 
fpeAis et intelle£lis eorum priTilegiis et indulg^ntiis tarn a fede 
'spoflolica quam a predeceflbribus noftris eifdem conceflis^ cccle- 

* £x Autog. penes prediA. Dom. Rob. Bard^tc. 
f £x Atttogr. penet prediA. Dom. Rob. Bnrdett* 


Hift9lry tf Ripfn, inDtrhyfinrt. ^^^ 

fialn SanAi Wiftani de RtfpendoD tpiis a prima fandatio'oe domus 
fue a faodatoribus fuis cooceflaio, nna cacn ejufdein ecciefie ct\ , 
pellis quas prios duximas exprimeadas vocabulis, videlicet de 
NeatOD» de Bretby ; de Meltoo ; de Foraemerth ; de Eogleby, . 
de Tykeohale; de Smytheiby ; de Meyfliain cum omnibos eciam 
tarn diAe ecciefie quam earuodem capellarum pertioeatibus, li- 
bertatibas et immonitadbat qaibus haitenos ofi fane 
prius poffideodam et teoeodam ipfis auAoritate poDtificali donee- 
-dimcis et ^oofirmamus, Salvia nobis et Aicceflbribns noftria in me* 
morata ecdefia jure pontificaii et parocbiaU. Ad hec volamos et 
con'cedimuf et aoflorttate pontificaii coofirmamus, qaod in eorum 
ecclefia Sanfti Wyftani de Rependon, in qna nuoquam fuit Vi« 
carta ordinau ; nee perpetuus Vicarius conflitutus, poflint ficut 
haAenus faAum eft per prelby terum derervire i cum 

«t videatur decentius et fie prediAo Monafterio magis tutum nc 
in predi£ia fua ecclefia per familiarem fibi Preft)yterum quam per 
extraneum ferviatur. Quod ne futuris temporibus revocari poflit 
in prefens fcriptum figilli noftri monimine dux« 

imus roborandum* Htis teftibus Magiftro Radulfo de Chaddef- 
den, Tbefaurario Lych' Magtftro WUIielmo de Attlebye ; et Ma- 
"giftro Alano Le Bretun Canonicis Lych.' Magiftro Ada de WaU 
ton. Magiftro Johanne de Kernyk ; Magiftro Johanne de Cra* 
Ten ; Willielmo de Mirley. Clerico Domini Regis et aliis. Data 
London die Mercurii in Vigilia Afcenfioois Dom|ni« Anno ejuf* 
dem M^ CC^. feptuagefimo primo.* 
« Sealed with hb official Seal. 

. Tbefe feem to have been the principal grants to the priory 
till the obtaining the Confirmation Charter of Henry III^ of 
which thefe deeds a^e illuftrative. For their (mailer pofleffiont 
at this time we refer to the charter itfelf (in the monafticon) fince 
of them we have nothing new to offer. Bnt before we proceed 
any farther, it will be neceflary to give fome account of the family 
of the founder, 

Hugh de AbrinciSy (GRer's fon to the Conqnerori) was created 
Karl of Chefter, by his uocle» to bold as fnefy hj the fiucrd, as 
the King himfelf held England hy the Crown. This Earl had vaft 
pofteiiions in England and divers eminent men for his Barons* 
He died 6 Kal. Auguft iioi, (i Hen. I.) leaving UTuc by 

* Ex Aut. penes Dom. Bob, Butdctt, prft4. 

1$^ k 2 Srmin< 

2(6 . JHifi^^fRifMh mDiftfJ^^^ 

Ermemmsb bis .wife, iboghler of Hug^ de dgrgmsi^ ta oQfy lUt 

JSJcbardj aod a daoghcer Giva» 

His Ton Ricbani became fic9nd Earl of (^ijier aod periOied i^ 
a terrible (hipwrack; 7 £rA i>/^* Aono 11^19. (zo HcD. L) He 
was fuoooeded in the Earldom by 
' Raoqlpb ^ il£ecriff/j fifter'a foo of Earl Hugh, bat oertatidy 
not as bcir, for 6«v«, Earl Rickard's fiOer, married to Geffrey 
Ridelly Jttfticc of England uoder Heary L 10 whom ber fitthcr 
gave in fraok-marriage the Lordflup of Drayioo» (oow Dnjtoii- 
SaiTet»} ia Stafford (hire, (fo that ihecoold nor be iHegitimaie) was 
clearly his heir. It appears befides that Earl Ralph gave ap all 
the laods of his wife's large iaheritaooey and a large fam of money 
befides for this Earldom cf Chifiir. He died tizo^ (29 Hea. i.> 
leavUig ilTue by Lucia daughter of Morcar, Earl cf Northumber- 
hnd, Raonlph, William, wbbm fome call Earl of Cambridge^ 
Alice, wife of Richard Fitzgilbert, ancefter to the old Earls of 
Clare, and AgQes» wife of Robert de CrantixiairaiL 

RaQulph, 4th Earl of Chefler, died 17 Kal.' o( Jan. Anno 
1153 (18 Stephen), being poifoned, as it was fnfpeOed by 
William Peverell and others. Hb wife Maud^ ihughter cif 
kobirtf Earl of Gkucejier^ bafe fon of King Henry \. was tht 
fiundrtfs af Kepton PYtory. She had ilTue by Eari Ranulph .two 
{ons, Jflu^h zad Richard, and furviving him iivthc 3ad of Henry 
H, held the Lordfcip of Tf^adington, in Dowry. 

Hughl eldeft fon, 5th Earl of Chefter.. He died at U^ke, kt 
'Staffordjbirt^m ri8t, (27 Hen. II.) leaving by Bsrtra, his wifis 
daughter to - - - - - Earl of Eureuoc^ Ralph his foa and heir, 
and fevcral daughters. Which Bertra, his widow^ It appeara 
was only twenty nine years in 3 a Henry U. five years after bia* 
death. It is fufficiently evident he had a foraser wife (wb9 fawH 
ta have ban Margnnty daughter and heir ef Alberlc di Verg^ fo^ 
cond Earl of O-xford*) by whon\ he had iffue Amicia, wife of 
.Ralph Manwortng. Juftice of Chefler, (lemp. K. John,) firom 
^hom are defcendcd the Manwarings of Pcver, in Che(tiire,t and 
Beatrix^ wife of William Le Belward de Malpas, from whofe foa 
David, by his 2d fdn Philip» are derived the noble hcufe of £ge«^ 

•*Se«Lcl. Iccii. 6. 43. GoUiasHift. NoU« FaniiiM, p. sfto. 
' -f Dug<h Bar. I. p. 33» 
C9IK Peer. IX' p. 3^7i &C' 


Ritph> €tli Esrtof CheAer, StAtt Waltlogroril, 50 .Fal. 
i6f Nov. 1231. (16 Hefif7 Ilt<) It 19 reported, {dys Henry Hun^- 
iingdon) of this £arl| that -when he died, a great company 10 the 
Ukeoei^ of neo, With a certain potent perfoo, haftily pafled by ao 
bermit^s cell near Wallin^ord^ and tl)»t the bermic aflcing one of 
them what they vrerc, and M^hither they went fb ftift, he anfwcred, 
^we are dtvib^ and art making f^eed t& the death of Earl RanulpK^ 
ft the endwe may acettfe him ofbisjins* Likewiie that the hermit 
thereupon adjuring rile devil that he (honld return the fame way, 
>vithiD' thirty days, and relate what was become of tbis Earl, he 
came accordingly and told him; that he was for his iniquities 
eondemnedto the torments of hell; hut that the great dogs of Deu^ 
iaereSf and with them many mort^ did bark fo incejfantiy and fSl 
their haHtations with fuch a noife^ that their prince^ being troubled 
with itf commanded he Jhould be expelled his dominion; who is mtu, 
jaith he^ becoyne a great enemy to us ; beeaufe their fufftfage^^ toge* 
tber with others^ hath releafed moTsy fouls from purgatory. 

He died wiihout ifllie, and Clemen tia his fecond wife had fiverjf 
(inter alia) of all the lands, rents and fervices, which BcrUice^ 
Ibmetime Gonntefs of Cheilery had (mter alia) in the maner if 

His fhfters (of the whole blood) became his coheirs. 
Maud the ddeft, was wife cdF David, ' Earl of Huntingdon, 
Galloway, and Angus, and had WoRjohn, Earl of Chef er^ wha 
died S. P. Ada, wife of Henry de Hafings; Ifabel, wife rf 
Robert de Brus; Maud ^ho died before marriage; and Marga- 
ret, wife of Alan, Lord of Galloway, (by whom fhe had ifTue) 
■Detvorgilly wife of Johir de 5^//Wj and Chriftian, wife of Wil- 
K4m de Fortibus, Earl oC Albemarle, and Helen, wife of Roger 
de Quincr, Earl of Wincbcfter, who ha^ iffue Margaret, wife erf 
William 66 Ferrers, Earl of Derby ; Elizabeth, wife of Alexander 
Cumyn^ Earl of Buchan ; and tia, wife of Alan La Zouch. 

Mftbil, fecond filler and coheir cf Earl Ralph, married Williais 
de Albioi, Earl of Arundel, and had ilTue William and HOgb, 
•who both died S. P. Mab:l, wife of Robert de TatAall; 
{fabel, wife of John, (on of Ahn, from whom the Fitzalans, 
Earls of Arundel; Nkhob, wife of Roger d6 Somcri, (wbofe 
daughter and coheir Joan, married John, Lord Strange, of 
Koockin, who died 2 Edward Jl.) and Cecilia, wife of Robert 

Agnes, third fider and coheir of Earl Ralph, married Will'aai 
de Ferrers, Earl of Dei^ty, 


itjg Hift^ry ofRipfMi in Dtrhffintk. 

Hawis, fourth fiAer aod oohdr, oiarried Robert de Qolnci, fotf 
of Saier» Earl of Wlochefter, (whofe daughter Maigaret married 
John Laqr, Earl of Liucoln.) 

How the other efiates wera divided amoog thefe cohdrs is 
foreign to our prefent purpofe. Repton and the adjoining lands 
feem at ieaftto have gone among feveral of them. For the 
Earls of Arundel had certainly eftates hers, and three of the co* 
lieirs of Maud» who married David, Earl of Huntingdon, api>- 
pear to have all had fome intereft here, fmoe John de Hafting^ . 
Lord of Burgaveny, died 18 Edward li. and left lands here 
under the Honor of Chefter to his fon Lawrence;^ — that the Ba- 
^ liols had part of the Manor of Repton will afterwards appear; — ^and 
that the Brns*s had part of this eftate is fufficiently evident from 
the following charters. 

Charter of Bernard de Brus to Repton Priory^ 

Omnibus Chrifti fidelibus ad quos pre(:ns fcriptum pervencric 
6ernardus de Brus Salutem in Domino fempiternam. Noveric 
Ualveifitas Veflra . me pro falute aniroe mee et omnium Ante* 
celTorum et ^ucceflbrum meorum dedifle, conceffifle, et hac pre* 
fenti carta mea confirmafle Deo et Ecclefie Sanfle Trinitatis de 
Rependon et Canooicis ibidem Deo Servientibus et eorum Suc- 
ceflbribus io puram et perpetuam elemofinam totam terram et te^ 
nementum quam et quod habui in villis de Rependon, Melton, et 
Tykynhale cum odnnibuspertinenciis tarn in dominicis quam in 
villinagUs feu villanis et eorum fequclis cum homagirs et fervidis 
• ..-... cum totoparco ien bofco fme alio retinement^. 
Habend' et Tenend' diAis Canonicis, eoromque SuccelToribus de 
me et heredibus meis in puram et perpetuam elemofinam liberc 
integre, pacifice, et quiete de omnibus fecularibns ferviciis cum 
omnibus pertioenciis fuis in villis et extra villas in campis, pratia, 
pafcuis. aquis, pifcariis, molendinis, alnetis, brueris, vaftis, 
viis, femitis, . - • - • foris ----- wardis, reieviis, reddi* 
tibus, advocationibus, efcaetis, fefHs, wapiotakiis, curiis« tencn« 
dis et habendis et inde commodum fuum faciend* et in omnibts 
aliis lihertatibus et confuetudioibus predi£bam terram et tenemen* 
turn quocunque modo contingeotibus adeo pacifice et libere licut 
aliqua elemofina (acre religioni fieri et libere dari potcft. Ego 
vcro Bemardus et beredes mei prediilam terram et teoemenium 

• Ex Collca. Adam Wolley Jun. dc Matlock. 


HiJIorf of Ripton^ In Dirhjjbtn. 259 

ciMn otrimbus pertineociis iicot fupra diAum eft priediAis cano« 
nicis et eorum fucceflbribus contra omnes bomioes warraatizabimus 
ct defendoDUS in perpetuum. In cujus rei teftimoDium prefeoti 
fcripto iigUlooi meum appofui. ' Hiis teftibus Domino Nicholao 
de Verdun; Eogellard de Curfun» Will.' Pichard; Galfrido 
Wallarand; WiUo de StapenhuU; Johanne Viocent; OKv/ de 
Linton; Hugone Walk de Rependon; Henrico Le Tanner de 

Seal, gone ; but the copy hereafter mentioned fays it was of 
green wax. 

There is alfo a copy of this given under the feal of Thomas, 
Arcbbifiiop of Canterbury, at the fupplication of the Priory, m^ 
cum iffipnfatam liter am in diverjis mundi partibus et pracipue 
R€gni Angiie uti oporterent^ ne, per viarum difcrimina vet aliis 
it^rtuniis deperiret. which copy, being word for word, the 
Archbilhop orders (hall be of equal force with the originaL 
. Given at Lichfield, Nov. 5. 1400, in the 5th year of bis 

Charter of Robert de Brus to the fame, 13 Edw. I. 

Omnibus Chrifti fidelibus prefens fcriptum vifuris vel auditurb 
Dominus Robertas de Brus falutem in Domioo fempiternam. 
I^ovcrit univerfiias veAra nos pro falute anime noftre et omnium 
aateceflbrum tt focceflbrum noftrorum conceflifle ec prefenti 
fipripto noib'O CPQ^rmafle Deo et beate Marie et ecclefie ^anAe 
Trinitatls de Rependon et Canonicis ibidem Deo fervientibus 
omnes terras et tenementa cum omnibus pertinenciis fuis que fu- 
crunt Domini Bemardi de Brus cognati noftri de feodo noilro in 
manerio de Rapendon fin^ ullo retinejoenta Habendas et Tenendas 
prediAis Canonicis et eorum SucceiToribus in liberam puram et 
perpetuam elemofmam ficut aliqua elemofina facre Religlont 
quietius et liberius dari potuit (eu confirmari. Et 
pro quibus aut conceffione et quiet^ confirmatigne ^ ' - - -' 
Robertas prior diAe domusde Rependon et ejufdem loci conven- 
tus nos et uxoreoi ooftram et omnes faeredes anteceflbres, et fuc* 
ceflbres noflros in fu^ fpedali frateroitate et eorum . - • « 
clemofinis et bcneficiis omnibus receperunt in' perpetdum/ In 

* Ex Autogr. pejnes pom. Rob. Bardett pnedi£^. — It appears that Ber- 
nard Brut and Roger de Utrtijborn gave the Priory 100 fliillings rent in 
RepcoD, and hnda in Hcniihorn.— £/c. lyb//. tt Derh. ix EdWf L n, 8i. 
, lanner^t Notitia, 


96» Hyi^ry cf IbptoHp in Derhjflnn. 

cuju^ rei tefHinoomin prefisnti icripto figillmn ooftrmn appoTaimaf* 
Hiis ceftibus Dofsiaif Nicbolab de Vcrdoo $ Rkh. de CorzMi 
Alucrcd Mttlny; Johaoae de Meton ct Waltoro de Corty; Mi- 
litibos. VjAgkSuc Ad' d€ - - • * et aKk. Dsu' apad 
- - • * aabaQ Neta} Domiiii ann* regni Regis Edwardi tilti 
Iknrid* Regis t<ytiD dcciaM». 

Sealed with his feal-r« ?erf beaatif cd ooe—oo ooe fide a fliield 
of his arms— -i# Saltier and Chiefs with this Circuaofcfiptimiy 
DIE. On the reverfe, a man on horfeback richly cap4Mrifoiicd9 
ip full annoufj (word is handt wirb clofe belaiist, a IbliiU be- 
fore hiiB, baring his arflM> tkie legend broken •-•-<- 
.... FORT - s^ p INBELLO.* 

It flo^ bcre be oecefitry Ip oiq^ure idAs theft two Brtun wen^ 
•— Robert de firus bcforeaicntioQed» who- married Uabcl, cobdr. 
of David, Eaffl of Himtingdoa, had Hfa^ Robert de Bros^ who 
costeoded vitK BaUol for the prown of Scotland, and aMb accord^- 
ing to Cellini's Peerage^f (tho' it is not mentioned by DogdAk^) 
Bernard de Brus, who is there Hated to have had Cormington in - 
Huntingdoo^ire, (fro« wbofis hryrcfr tbrc^ the Wefefthams the 
Brace-Cottons are reported to be defcended) and John de Bros, 
from who» is defieeoded the prefcnt Earl 6t Elgia, ifi Scotland. 

The B4rfurd de Brus therefore ki the d«:d here printed may 

))e the above Bernard^ But mkxo co»ld 'the above Koberi be, 

' oaleb it was hia nephew Robert, who afterwards foccceded «» 

ibe KiBfldof» of Scotland; finee co Bfmarff ^i^ther 9^bert| 

fhe word Cognatu^ is of coovfe ioappltcabler 

( To bi contimed. ) 

^ Ex Autog:. pdlks. Dk>fli, Reb. Burdett predi£l, 
t VoL V. p 4A^, 
t Baronage I. p. 450, 


Niter ffom Egham to Stratfield Say^ faff, are received from our 
Mgtng CorreAondont W. and Jbali be inferted (probabh with 
fomt addptwns) in iWF n^t. 

fi. B. The Editors rftbis Worh having obtained confuierahU CoU 
Uahm fir Harrow, in AUddtefex, of which phee they intmd 
grotng an account very fotm with Engravings, wilt bo obtigod U 
i^ny ^entUmqnfor hif ajjijiance as foon as pojfthle. 




A Variety of Original Articles^. 




antiquities op this kingdom* 


For M A Y^ 179^* 
Being No. V. of Vol. IL. 


Coftttnuation of the Hiftory of 

Repcon Priory, p. 863 

Short Notes from Eghan),h) Sur- 
ry, to Straificld-Say, in Hants, 
&c. a $5 

Bridgwater Caftlc, Co. Somerfct, ikS 
Wcft-Ham Abbey, Effcx, 493 

Sedgbrook, Lincolnihire, 295 

Hiftory of Bolton, in the fame 

County, 293 

Hiftory and Monumenul Infcrip- 

tions of BArceftdr, Oxfoffd- 

i&*TCf. 305-; 

Ancient Deed, 313. 

TotH- thro* the Midland Coun* 

tics, 3«3 

Olceover, Stafford (hire, 314. 

Blorc, 3*T 

Pedigree of the B alTetts, 318 

Heraldrical Notes from the JVf an- 

fion, 3^1 

Ditto from the Church, 3 24 

EmbclUflicd with elegant Engraviog? of an Arch at West-Ham: 
ABBf:T— the Ruins of Bridgwater Castle — and a. cii- 
rious Brick Tower at Rep ton.. 


Printed for R o v s o k. New Bond Stpect, J. Walkbr, Patcr- 
nofter Row;, and ۥ Stalker, Stationers Court, Ludgate 
Street; of whom may be had Vol. i. now complete. withTwclfC- 
Engravingay and a copious Index, or any fingle N uoabers. 


' There is juft publiflied a beautiful work iii 2 
VoL "bvo. A Tour thro the IJk qf fTigit, with' 
thirty Engravings in Aquatint, in the fame ftile as 
Gilpin's works of this kind, Price £.i lis. 6d. 
boards* From t?he tranfient view we have yet had 
of it, it feems deferving of high.praife, but a. far- 
ther account fhall be given in future. 

Mr. Nichols has alfo publiftied his long expefted 
Lth Number of tha Bibliotheca> Topographica^ 
embelliflied with Nineteen Plates, containing: 
the firft part of bis CoUeSlions for the Hiftory of the 
County of Leicefter, Pr. 15/. 


Our thanks are particularly due to W. for hls^ 
aiTiftance in our intended account of Harrow. 

We are alfo much- obliged to our old Corref- 
pondent M. Green for his Buckinghamjbire Church" 

Our Gainjbjorough Friend alfo receives our 
thanks for his Mifcellaneous Communications. 

The Drawing and Account of the old Chapel at 
Clare^ in Suffolk^ demand our acknowledgments, 
and ihall have early infertion, if poffible. 

But to M. T. and T.^ B. whofe large Colleftions 
and great Ikill regarding the Hiftory of the County 
of Derby y are of the higheft affiftance to us, we feel 
peculiar obligations^ both for their private hints 
and public communications. Any thing regarding 
^ijfington^ l^uxton^ Tidjwellr Cajtleton^ BakewelX 
and float part of our Tour, will be very acceptable 
as foon as pofiible^ 



For may, 1799. 

Being Number V. of Vol. IL 

A«.T. I. Continuation of the Hijlory ofRipton Priory^ and Town, 
in Dirbyfiire. 

¥ N our Iftft we left off with the Charter oE Robert de Brus to 
•* the Priory. We will now begin with that of another ie- 
fcendant of the Foundrefs, Edmtiiidy Earl of Arundel, who will 
hj this of courfe be proved to have Aiared in the inheritance of 
/the Earldom of Ch^er, which lay hereabouts. 

This Edmund^ was (on and heir of Richard, Earl of Aruodd, 
loxk and heir of John, Lord Fitzalan of CIuo, fon and heir 
of John» by Ifab^l, filler and coheir of Hugh de Albini^ Eari of 

Grant of Edmund, Earl rf Arundel, of his W^Jie in TikmhaU^ 


Notum fit. omnibus ad quos prefens fcriptum pervenerit, qood 
DOS Edmundus Comes 'Arundell dedimus, conqeffimus, et hac 
carta noilra prefenti confirmavimus diledis nobis in Chrido reli** 

fiofis viris Priori et Conventui de Repindon et eorom fuccefTori- 
us totum Waftum noftrum de Tikenale quod vocatur Schad' 
hawi cum omnibus fuis pertinendis fine uHoretinemento : Haben^ 
dumtlTenindumA\(\\xm Waftum cum omnibus pertinenciis, et 
aKiamentis fuis diAi^ Religiofis et eorum fuccefToribus de nobis et 
^eredibus ooftris Itbere, quiet^^ bene et in face in perpetuum . 

* This waithat Earl of ArundeUwlio wat drawn, beheaJed, and banged 
on a gibbeti^. ac BriHol, wiili Hugh Dcfpencer the younger, bv order of 
JEdward the'Sgcond*! Ql^cefi/ An 1316. Dug. Bar. f, 316. 

LI |leddeQd# 

a64 Continuation of the Hijlorj ofRepton Priory^ 

Reddendo inde annuadm oobis et heredibas ooftris vlginti folidos 
Argeati ad qaatuor ~ - • - - de RepiodoDe foludoot 
firmare coaftitutos, pro omDibus : faivo nobi$ taatatmnodo et be* 
rcdibus noftris reievib poft difcefTum iHius Prioris et facceflbram 
fuorom. Nos vero Edmuodus ec heredes noflri diftum WaJhaiK 
cum omoibus pertinenciis fuis fupradiAis Rdigiofis contra omnes 
mortales liberum warrantizabimus/ acquietabicnos^ et ubique 

In cujus rei tefilmooium prefenti fcrlpto figillum noftrom ap- 
pofuimus. Dat. apud GIouc. die Veneris prox. poft, PurTbeate 
M^rie, Anno regni Regis Edwardi filii regis Edwardi qaioto. 
Hiis leftibus Dominis Johan. Peche; Henrico de Appelby Mili- 
tibas \ Wtliielmo de Cofzoua Domino de Crpxhale ; Roberto 
Abel; Wiiiielmo de Airewelle de Tikenale, et aiiis.* 
. Seal. — A lion ramp, with a circumrcriptton not legible. 

We (hall now produce an inftrument regarding that part of the 
Manor of Rcpton, which belonged to the BaUols^ and pafled 
from them to the Valences, Earls of Pembroke, how we know 
not, unless by marrlage.f Mary de St. Paul, the laft Countels 
of Pembroke, gave it to her new foundation^ Pembroki'HaU^ ia 
Cambridge^ and the mafter and fcholars of that houfe, in 12 
Henr IV, gave it (as will appear by the following inftrument to 
empower three people to give livery of Seifin to the Priory) in ex- 
change for 16' marks annually out of the Manor of Grantefden, 
in Huntingdonftiire, belonging to the Priory. 

Omoibus Chrifti fidclibus ad quos prefentes literie per^enerint 
"Magifter Johannes Sudbury Cuftos Aulae de Valence Marie de 
G^/i/^^ri^'^ etScolares ejufdem Aule falutem in Domino. Noveriiis 
fios ordinaHe et in loco noftro pofuifle dileflos nobis in Chrifto 
Magiftrum Thomam Lavenham, Magiftrum Ricardom' Sutton^ et 
Magiftriim Willielmum Cros, conjundlim et divifim veros attoma* 
tos noftros ad deliberandum plenam et pacificam Seifinam noftro 
nomine Wiiiielmo Maneyfyn Priori domus et ecclefiede Repyiidofi 
■tX ejufdem loci Conventui vel eorum certo Attornato de tertii 
parti quarti partis Repyndon cum pertinenciis, queqooo^ 
dam fait Johannis de Balioh^ et quam Magiftcr Thomas Binghain 
nuper Cuftos Aule predifle, et tunc fcolares ejorfdem Aule nuper 
habuerunt fibi et fucceflbribus fuis, e dopo et feofiamemo Marie 
de SanAo Paulo nuper Comitifle Pembr. juxta veram formam ec 

• ExAutog. penes Dom. Rob. Burdett, prediQ. 

t Anne, daughter of William VaUnce, J^ari of Pembroke, marrie^ 
}Iugb dc BalipL who died 56 Hcnr;^ III. S.* P. Dus^ Bar. L sk^^TjS. 

aJii 7iwn, in Derk^flAn. k siS; 

idleAxim cujafdam carte iodeocare per dos prediAos Coftodem pt 
Scolares diAis Priori et Cooveatui liceotia regia mediante indies 
coofede. Ratiobe et gratia iidem 

Magifter Thomas Lafeoham, Magifter Ricardus Sutton, et Ma- 
gifter WiUielmus Cro9 nomine noftro fecerint, feu aliquis eorum 
fecerit in premiffis* la cujas rei teftimoniuin huic prefenti fcripto 
iigillnm noftrucn cooimune fecimos apponi. Dat. in collegio cloT- 
ti^o Aule prediclc vicefimo oAavo die Junii Anno regni. Regis 
Henrici quarti poft Cooqueftum doodecimo.* 

Seal. — In red wax» the feal of the College ;— the figures of the 
Earl and Countefs of Pembroke ; on each fide their arms, viz. od 
one iide Faknce^-^n the other Valence impaling St. Paul. 

The next deeds are of Grants to the Priory, (tho» fome of them 
are prior to /bole before given) from t>e)rrons nbt of the Founders 

the Grant of Robert JeCbdteJhali 44. Hen. IIL 

tTniverfis Chrifti fidelibas prefens fcrlptum vifuris, vel audituris 
Kobertus filius Roberti de Chatefliale Miles falutem in bomltko 
fempiternam. Noverit univerfitas vefira me pro falute anime mee 
ct oiAnium AntecefTorum, et Succeflbrum meorum dedifle, con- 
cefSfle, et hac prefenti carta meaconfirmafle Deo etecclefie SanAe 
Trinitatis de Reppindon, et Canonicis ibidem Deo fervientibos et 
corum fucceflbribus, in puram er perpetuam demoflnam totam 
terram et tenementum> quam et quod habui jure hereditario in ma- 
oerils de Reppindon et Tykenhale, cum omnibus pertinenciis fuls 
abfque aliquo retenemento, tarn in dominicis quam in villenagils 
feu villanis et eorum fequelis : Teneodam et Habendam diAis 
Canonicis et eorum SucceflToribus de me et heredibus meis libere^ 
integre, pacifice, et quicte cum omnibus pertibenciis fuis in villis, 
•ct extra villas^ in campis, pratis, pafiuris, aquis, pifcariis, mo^ 
lendinis, alnetis, brucis, viis, fecnitis, furnis, foris, meatist 
wardis, releviis, redditibus, advocationibus, efchaetis, fe^if, 
vrapintakiis, curiis, tenendis et habendis, et inde commodum 
fuum faciendis, et cum omnibus aliis libertatibus, et confuetu- 
dinibus, predl^am terraioi, et tenementum contingentibus, tX" 
cepto bofco meo de TyienbaU et Suthwode. Ita quod nee Prior, 
Bcc Conventus nee homines fut occafione iftius feoiFamenti aliqui4 
amittant de hiis que de jure habere debent in dido bofco. Decfi 
etiam et couceifi ct prefenti carta mea confirmavi predi£lis Canon* 
icis, et eorum fuccefforibus, quod fmt liberi et quieti ab omni 

* Ex Autog. penes praed. D. R. B. 

L 1 2 fecttlarl 

-fcculkri fcrvlcio, et frfHs Curk ct ofnnimodb ttkAiOftiSiitr 4t 
demandis* tta quod prediAam terrain et teoemeotiiiii teeeaot e 
habeant adeo bene et ia pace, ficot aliqna aemoiina bcm reB- 
gione melius et liberius dari potcft. Ego vero Robertiis et heredes 
mci prediftam tcrram et tcnemcntiini com otnoibos pertiaeiidls 
fois, et omnibus Kbcrtatibus cifdem terre et teoeioeoto pertinen- 
tibus contra onmes homines et femloas, di^ Caoonfcis, et eonui 
Ibcceflbribus in perpetuum warrafiti»biffios, acquietabimus et 
defcndemus. Et ut hec naea donatio et conccffio et preTeotis 
carte mee confirraacio perpetoitafw robur obtineat, prefens (cnptai& 
figilli rtel nuinimine roboravl. Hiis tcftibus Domino Waltcro de 
Chatefhalc fratre mco % Magiftro Henrico de Wiftiawe, Canonica 
Li<hfeld ; Waltcro de Hereford ; WiUidmo dc HertHhom; R<>gero 
dc Sonjcrvile ; Milone de Melton ; Engdlardo de Corzun ; .Wit 
lielmo Ballc ; Roberto Syminel de Reppindon ; Philippo Otuere 
de Tykqnbfelct et alii». Dau in craflino Nativitatis ^te Marie 
Virginis anno regni regis Hcnrici filii Johannis Regis quadiagcfimo 

Seal.— A (hield with arms— G&f^*r> * **W ^ S points— 
Circumfcription illeglbie.* 

The Grant df Ralph de HybernOf (or Ireland) mthout date, 

tJniverfis prefens fcriptum vifurisrel anditUfis Rai. de Hjberrm 
falutem in Dpmino f?mpiternam. Noverit univerfitas veflTa me 
pro falute animc mee et omniirm antcccflfdrum etYucccifornm 
meof urn et ex confeofu Ifebclle uxoris mee dediffe, , coocel&fle ec 
hac prefenti carta mea <Jonfirmaffc Deo et Ecclefie Sanfte Trinl- 
tatis de Repcndon, etCanonicIs ibidem Deo fcrvientibas ct eottiflr 
fuccefforibus in libcram, puram, et perpetuam Etemofinam' fuam 
circicer diroidiam rodam terre de bofco meo dc Denewellebay an- 
nexarti bofco fuo quern habucrint ex dono fVtUielmi filii Henriei 
de Heriiflyorn prout includitur et infoffatnr, Habendam et fenes- 
dam diftis Canonici^ et eorum fuccefforibus de me ct heredibQ« 
meis libere quiete et pacifice ficot afiq«a clcmofma facrc religtoni 
quiethis et liberius dari poteft vel conferri. Ego vero didos Rh- 
dulphus et heredes mei diftam terram prout includitur et infoflatur 
iJiftis Canonicis et eorum fuccefforibus contra omnes homines et 
feminas warraniizabimus acquietabimus, et in perpetuttm defcn- 
demus* In cujus rei teftimonium prefenti fcripto figtiium meoA 

« £x autog. Irenes Dom. R. B« pnedift* 


MpfoChi. Hiis teftibns Willidmo Pychard de Neotoo ; Petro de 
Melcm; Hugooe WflUe de Rependoa; Roberto Muyjieiielde 
tftdem ; Henrico I^e Taaottrde eadeo, et aliis. 

Sealed vritb bis feal^ with ctrcwsfcriptioo aad arms, feemiogly 
a branch of a tree** 

i3KaI. April izjg* 9th of his coDfecration, JoHd, Arch- 
bifhop of CaQterbiiry confirttied to the Priory the Church of 
RepiadoQ with the Chapels of Neutoo, Bretby, Forn^^erk, 
Eogelby/Tykenhail, Smithefby, Mefhatii, aad t^e Church of 
Calc^ and the Chtirch of Croxhall, with the Chapels of Cattm 
and Od^ningbali, of the gift of 8ir Robert Corzan, Kaighr; 
and the Church of WUioton of the gift of Nicholas^ Lord of 
WiiiBton«:^*--GiTcn at Darley. 

The right of the Priory to the advowfoo of Croxhall is further 
Ulnftrated by the following extradl. 

Ex Rot. Fin. Ano.123 Henry^III.t Rnalis Concordia fafta 
ilpud Weftm. a die Sci Michaclis ia quindeciln <lief Aao.^23 
Henry III, inter Priorem de Repindon qua:ent<m> et Robertam 
de Curzon de Crcabak Defeodentem de Advecatime EecUJue de 
Croxhalt quod idem Robertus recognovit efTe jus ipfius Prions 
ct Ecdefie de Rependon, ut de demo prediAi Rober ti, Habend/ 
jft Teaend« m liberam elemofioam cum .geaerali warntnto. £c 
idem Prior recepic prediAum Robertum et heredes fuos in iingu* 
lis benefa£lis et orationibns que de uterU facient ia ecclefia fua de 
Rependoa in perpetuom* 

Jkknowlidgemcni tf the Priorfs right to common of pajlun in l( 
acru tf lands in Oroxbeli. 

ffin* III.^^Direhii* 

f Placita de jaratis et affifis apud Derb. coram Gilfaerto de Pref- 
ton» et fodts^fuis Jufticiariis itiner^ntibus a die Pafche m quio^ 
<kcim dies Ao Regni Regis Henrlci filii Johirsj. — Rot. i. 

Affiia Tcoit recogaitura fi Ricardus de Curzun injuile, && 
difleifivit Priorem de Repiadon de coqpmani paftura fua ia 

. * Ex Aut. pcaet pned. Dom. Rob. Burdetc. 

t Ex. Coll. Adam VVoll^'v, Jun. de Matlock. 

t la Sir R« B'$ poflcflioA is the oriffinal deed of NichoUs» Lord of Wt- 
lintQO, the contents of which are in Henry Ill's ConBrmaiioa Cbarcer in 
the Mon. Seal a Hon ramp. SIG, NIC0LA1.DE' WIUNTV. 


S^ antinuatWi0/iieHi/hij$/kiptiii Priori* 

Croxkdale ih 15 acris, m qaibi:ls oommuiucare folebat pdft fieoi 
ftlcata Qtafpor ttta^ £k. Juratores dicant qood diftiu Prior ood- 
fuevit habere comuoiam in prediAo prato cum bobos fuis propriis 
taotttm poft faeoa afportaOy et ooo cum aliis averiis.* 

Placit. dt JuratU it Mfis apud Darb. Pafih. 
53 Henry ifl. Rat. 2. 

In placito Agaetis qae fuit uxor Radulfi Le ButtiUr verfos 
Priorem de Repiodon, pro terra in Pykinton^ Prior dicit» quod 

nulla Villa eft in Proviuda ilia, que lie vocatur.f 

Samervili*s Grant. 

la 18 Edw. I. Robert de SpmerviU gave confiderable laods hi 
Eugleby to tlie Priory.): 


In 2$ Edw. I. The Priory bad a grant of Pree^Warren in aH 
their lands in Repindon, Caik» Hartifliora, Engelby, and Tic* 
keohall^ Co« Derby, and Graotfden» Co. Huat.$ 

Grant rft^ parts of the Mamr ofPotlac. 

In 49 Edw. Id. Henry de Balcewell, Chaplain, John de Mel« 
ton. Chaplain, William deBotiler, and William BaMham, granted 
to the Priory two parts of the Manor of Potlac. 

Sealed with th«ir feals, one of which has the imprcfltoftof a 
tbevron bttwan 3 fpread tagks. 

• £x Collea. Adam Wolley, jun. de Matlods. 
t Ibid. 

X How the Somerriles became poffefTed of this eftate appears from the 
following Deed. 

Univerfis ad quot prefeatei litere perreneriDt Edmandiit Heariei legit 
Aaalie films falmem ID Domino fempiternam. Nocum vobis facunus per 
preuntes quod nos loco noilro conttituimus dilc^m Clericum noftrua 
Httgonem de Vienna ad ponendum Dominum Robertam de Somerrile t^ 
quern loco fuo pofuerit in feyfina manerii noftri de £agleby in Com. Der* 
beye fecundum fbrmam carte noftre de quietaclamanc quam predido 00* 
mino Roberto fieri fecimus de Manerio fupradi£lo. In cujua rci tefttmo* 
aiam has literat noftras preflito Hugoni fieri fecimus pateotes Dat*' apud 
Cancebir' fecundo die Augufti anno regni regit Edwardi Domini ec fratris 
no&ri JCVIL 

Seal* ) liont meeting into one head in the centre of the fliield. 

Ex Autog, penes pred. Dcm, Rit6. Bnrdett^ 

i Ex 9bart^ Aadq. laTitrri Lond* %s ^w. I, m. 15 

^nJTffwn^ inDerlyflnn* 169 

ReUafi of Efiffvers in the Priory Woods 9 Hen. IK 

. 9 Hen. IV. Peter de Melburo, William Marihall, Simoa 
Blackfordeby, Richard Bars Vicar of Carolke upoa Treoie, 
'William Colverdowfe Vijcar of Melburn ; and Jokn Burtoo, 
Vicar of Aftiby La Zouchc, releafe to the Priory of Repton all 
their right to EAovers ia the woods of the f^id Priory, calle4 
Loftoke^ Sbrubbe^ Preftwo$de^ CaUewoode^ KnoUewode, and jbe^ 

Witncf&s, Simon Abbot cf Dcrlcy, Sir Thomas de GrefsUj^ 
Sir John Cokayne^ and Sir Robert Fraunceys^ Koights ; John d^ 
Shepey and others,* 

Two farts of the Manor of Potlac. 

28 Feb. 9 Hen. V. An J^ffize of Novel Diflcifin was fcrought 
by the Prior and Convent of Repton before John Cokayne and 
James Strangways, Jaflices, againft John Mackworth Clerk, 
Thomas Blount, Richard Love, Henry Bothe, John Lath bury, 
Henry Kniveton, Thoma9 Bradfchawe, John Irton^ and John 
Toke, of f wo parts of the Manor of Potlac, by the view and oath 
iofjoha Burton of Croxbale, John Fytzherbertof Somerfall, Ro- 
bert Morteyn of Bradefioo, Richard Huffe of Eyton, John Crew- 
ker of Twyford, Roger Wormchull of Snyterton, William Wo- • 
derofofHope, Robert Woderof of Wormeholl, Johd Spencer of 
Aylwafton, Richard Prince of Hafulwode, Robert Mayaell of 
Kylbnrne ; and Thomas Fawcll of Wyldefthorp. The Prior, &c. 
recovered all the lauds, meadows, waters, and pdftures betweea 
Potlac broke, and the Village of Repton, as two parts of the 
Manor of Potlac, and pofleffion was afterwards delivered by th^ 
Sheriff ia preTeoce of the above Jurors ift March following. f 

Smaller Grants, 

Several deed$ containing fmaller grants have in this coHeftioo 
been pafled over, as too unimportant to be mentioned ^t length ; 
fnch as that of Alured de Mulny who releafed his common of paf- 
fure in 20 acres uf land in a certain place in Repton, called Brey^ 
4emers ;— of Robert Sugenellj fon of Nicholas, oif two acres and 
yn half in Repton -—of Robert Symenell of three acres and an half 
in Repton, — of William, fon oiToke of Repton, of a toft in Rep- 
(00)— of Robert, fon of Nicholas Symenell, of fifteen acres and an 

• Ex Autog. penes pr»cl. Dom, R. B. 
. :|' ^s a^cogr. ocnts pom. R. B. praed. . 

^d* ContinuaiUn tfthi tLifhrf rfReptm Priory , 

half in ReptoOy-^of Hugh WalU of Repton, of 7 sicrcs in Reptoof 
-*-of William BmIU of Repton, of two melTuages in the fame,— 
of Eleni, late vfikofjehn Jicoh of JValton^ of all her claim iq 
4 meiTuages, 4 bovates of land, and 4 Ihilliogs rent— ——*i 339, 

*(Edw. lll)^ &c. &c.* 

We forgot to mention that in i Hen. V. Peter de Melbuni 
gtfve to the Prior of Repcon thne-fourtht of the Manor of Up- 

ton.t V 

In 12789 there was a difpnte between the Prior and Convent 
here, and the parifhioners of Mijhamy regarding the reparation 
of the Chancil oi x^^\^ Church ; ifi confequence of which it was 
agreed that the Prior and Convent (hould in future find a Prieft to* 
perform divine fervice there; and that « they (hould grant the pa- 
riftiioners free burial, and all other liberties ; and that in return, 
the pariftiioners ihould new-huild the Chancel^ on condition of 
the Friory always afterwards keeping it in repair. In teftimony 
of which the Prior and Convent, and following pariftiioners figned* 
and fealed the agreement, viz» Lord Adam pie Monte-alto Lord tf 
Meyjham ; (his feal^ a lion ramf.) Nicholas de Ynguareby^ (f^^ 
apparently a device^ a figure making ofTerings at an altar) — ^Wil- 
Tiam, fon of the Lady of Afleyfhamt (fi^h ^Q ^^ marCs bedd^ 
bearded) — William Hugelyn of Appleby, (feal, appears to be 
a- bird with an human head,)-— Philip de Snypefloo \ William Le 
Marefcall of Meyftiam, (feals not perfe£lly intelligible) — Richard 
Maunfer of the fame, (feal^ an hind regardant)^Kohtxx. de 
Crombwell of MeyQiam ; Geffrey de Hay of Pakinton ; Ralph de 
Hay of the fame, (feal^ a flower de luce) — ^]ohn Godemere of Do^ 
nallhorp ; Richard >Godemere of the fame, (feals^ both fleurs \ 
^/-//V)— Adam Bertarius of Wyveleft, (Jeal, an ejioil) — The foU 
lowing are witnefTes, Henry Lovel, John de Wefton, Simon de 
Waleden, Richard de Morley, Richard de Stanton Vicar of 
Meibum, Ralph de Scanton, Robert of the fame, Mib de Mel- 
lon, KngeUard de Cursiion, William de Berathom, and 

^ Mr. Aftle has had a fae-iimile engraved of the deed of David,. Earl of 
I^UDCingdun, conBrming the grant made by his wife's Ancedrefs Maud, of 
the advowfon of Great Badow, in fifTex', to this Priory, See AyloiFe*| 
Charters, p. 350. . ' 

t £x Coll. Adam Wolley, Mttlock, \ 

X £x Aucog penes praed. Pom. R. 6« 


4ttid Tfwn, m 'Btrijjbir^. %%i^ 

hfuifition in 1503. 

Inquifitio capta apud Newarke 26 Off. ipHeo.VlI, 1503.-^ 
AmoQgft fundry other articles is the following. 

Item quod unam parceUum prati jacen* inter Poniem. d^ 
Swari/iw ct Ingkh detof 10 Antiquo tempore Priori de Uej»t|ig*» 
doQ et Succeflbribus fuis ia perpetuum ad iotentiooem quod ilii 
perpetoe et coDtiooe provideaot uoum ^reibyterum» Angllciy a 
Prieft^ can tare fuper diAum poDtem ia capella qvehabent. Te- 
oeDtes proTideot null. Prelbyter. neque fecerunt per fpatium vi- 
gioti AoDor4im. Ac pratum predidlum valet per annum fcx ma- 

So it appears by this curious Inquifition that the Priory, held 
A certain field in Sw&fkfton and Angleby by the tenuie of 
providing a Pried to liag perpetually on fo/tfr ^0/1 • bridge. 

How many great people were benefaflon to this Priory, ha^ 
been (bewo by moft of the foregoing charters ; many more pro- 
bably have been loft, and fome may dill be in the hands of dif- 
ferent Colledors.f 7o recapitulate the fubftance of the deeds, 
would be an infult to our readers, and tho' fome may think them 
dull, yet, as their ufe and curiofity is certainly con(iderable, we 
could not refrain from this opportunity of preferving ^hem4 

The laft iiiftrjument we find of the Priory before their Diffo- 
lution, was a leafe granted 26 of September, 1523^ (15 Hen. 
VllI) by John Yonge, Prior, and the Convent to Alice Stone, 
widow, and John Stone her (on, of a. mefluage and a rod of land 
of the church in Melton, and a cottage of the fame, in the tenure 
of the faid Alice, for their two lives, and the Itfe of the furvivor 
at XIV (hillings a year rent. Scaled with the leal pf the Priory, 
4tn ecclifiajiicalfigun fitting with this CircumfcriptioQ : SIGXLL* 

lu Dijfolutim. 

At length on goth of OAober* 30 Hen, VIIT, this Priory was 
fiirreodered by the Sub Prior and 8 Monks; its yearly revenoe 

» £s Collea. Adam Wolley. jun. dc Matlock. 
4 Mr. AiUe is £aid to have umdc* f 

{The Hiftor]^ of that pan of the Manor of Repton, which sever be* 
)np0|4 to the. Priory, ihall be giTtn, after the otfa^r is tiniflied. 

M m . being 

^f2 Otntinuatidn of the Hiftory ofReptm Priofjf 

being then according to Dngdale, j^.iiS %s. hi. or according 

to Speed, ^.167. i8j. %i. 

In a celebrated MS. in the old library of the Duke of DeTOo- 
fliirc, at Chatfworth, entitled, ** Tempore Regis Henrici (Ufavi^ 
OmperuUum Cempertorum per DoSforem Legh^ et Do^orem iMyUn 
in Vifitaiione in Provincia Eboracen. et Epifeopatu Cevenhi^ et 
Licbf. cum aliis^*'* is the following account of the flate of this 
Priory at that time. 

*^ Monajt. de Repingdon, alias Ripton. 

{Thomas Rede, Sub-Prior, T 
Thomas Dawes, L propter volgntaruM 

Thomas Leiceftr, ( pollucoes. 

Robtus Warde, J 

Hue fit peregrinatio ad Sanftum Guthlacum,_et ad ejus cam- 
panam, quam folent capitibus imponere ad reftor. quendam do- 
lorem capitis. 

Nichns Page petit diflblul a rdigione, 
Redditus Annuus^^.CLXXX, 
Domus debet centum Marcas. 
Fundator Dominus Rex." 

Priors here. 

Alured before laoo WIHam dc Tutbury el. 1398 

Reginald about 1230 WiUiamManeyfin 141 1 

Ralph 1336 Hiftanus Porter el. 1420 

John Linch, his Succeffor John Overton, el. 1437 

Simon Sutton 134.6 John Wylne, el« I439t 

Ralph, el. 1356 John Yongc 1523 

• Thi$ MS. from the Cnfi or Bugle-Hmm^ and the Motto, " Dieu m* 
Agarde*^ cmbofled or gilt on the cover, appears to have formerly beJOD|;ed to 
the famous Antiquary, Arthur Agard. Mr. Pegge, by the permii&n of 
the Duke of Devon, has lately publiihed it, '* unac^m Antelo<iuio doNa- 
tura operis, et Vitas Vifiratorum comp1e£^ente, notulifque hinc indeia* 
terfperlis." — Mr. Pegge hsd long looked in vain for the MS. at Uardwicke, 
in confequence of Thoreiby, (in his Ducst. Leod.) faying it was there* Ac 
length Mr. Wolley of Matloek difcovered it in the Library of Chatfwofth, 
and informed Mr. Pegge of it, who applied to the Duke, aod borrowed the 

t Browne Willis's Principals of Religiou« Hottfes.— Pilkingtonll, p, 91 


QntimiotiiH rfthi IRftmy rfSjptw Prhrp 873 ' 

)d 3%. Henry VIII. this priory became the feat of the fiuDily 
of Thaclcer, who removed from Higb^edge^ or Heage^ in this 
omnty.* Thomas Thacker, Efq. the firft of the family here Was 
lervaot to .Hen. yill. aod had ifiiie 

Sdward Thacker of ReptoQ, £iq. who had iflue 

Thomas Thacker, Efq. who muft have been the perfoo of 
whom Fuller in his 6th Book of Church -Hiftoryi p. 358, tells 
the following ftory. 

*^ I muft not forgett/* iays be, " one paflage in Oerbylhirey 
(a certain information whereof I have received from that Ikilfiil 
antiquary and my refpefied kinfmao, Samuil Roptr, of Lincoln's 
Inn,) how one Thacker^ being poflefled of RiptngJm Abbij^ ia 
Derbyfliire, alarmed with the news that Queen Mary had iet up 
the Abbeys again (aod fearing how large a reach fuch a precedent 
might have) upon a Sunday (belike the hettn' daj^ the hm^ itii\ 
called together the carpenters and mafons of that county, and 
plucked down in one day (churcb-work is a cripple in going up, 
bat rides pf/i in ceming dewnj) a moft beautiful church beloflgiag 
thereunto, faying '* he would dejiroy the nefi, for fear the Urdi 
fiould build tberein again*'* 

* Before the diiTolmion of Monaftertes the Thacker family had their re* 
lidence at a boufc in the liberty of High^edge^ in the parilh of Dii^/i, .for* 
merly called Toadmire Hall, ntuate on the right hand of the road leading 
from Crkk to Belper^ A branch of the family continued to refide «t 'IhacltA 
er EdU after the branch fettled at Repcon became exttn£^, but have long 
fince fold their eftate there, (Thacker-Hall.) The laft 4>f the^ Heage 
branch waa Bailiff of the Hundred of Scarfdale, and died a few years ago» 
leaving (it is believed) a fon, yet an infant. 

The following is an abftrad of the deed by which the Thacken are faid 
to have held their eila'.e at Toadnire or Thiuher Hall. 

William de Ferrers, £arl of Derby, by his deed poll without date grant- 
ed and confirmed to Robert de Biveleia^ and his heirs for his homage and 
fervice thirty nine acres of land in his foreil of Dttffield near the (river) 
Amber, between the land of Peter de Wakehrmgg and the land of Walter de 
Heckege, with all Free Commons and Eafednentt in the fatd foreft on that 
fide the Dorewente (Derwent) to be held of him ((aid Earl) and his heks by 
the a(th part of one Knight^s Fee. Alfo he granted to the faid Robert, 
and his heirs pannaee for so fwine in his foreft aforefaid. '* Hilt teftibus, 
Radulfo filio Rhetite** (qu auidi) «< feoioris, Robto de Camperorum 
• Anfelmode Sideham, Reginaldo de Karlio, Rogeroet Walterode Ri4« 
ware, et multis altis." St Coiled. Adam WoUey^ Jutu de Matlock* 

They had a good old ftonehoufe here iq 1714,, bu^they were dien quite 
fallen to decay. Ikd. 

M m 2 Bm 

5^74 Grttinmnim tfthi MifiBrj tf Reptm Prttfy. 

Ex koU Efcad. 2 Edw. VI. {at Ralls Cbapel.) 

t,. It ap|>eart. *^ Tbdinds Thacker Mnoit fottUBi illad (dtma 
prioratus de Repton alias Ripingidrt et diversu pareril. ternunna 
10 ReptoQ, parcellum terrarom dominkaliuiii diAi Priontoa de 
Donido Rege io Capw per Serric* nilit.— Oilbercos Tfaacket eft 
S^m ^ beres.f 

The faid Gilbert fucceeded bis father at ReptoD, aod Kea batied 
10 ReptoB^ Church under aH dalbafler ftone^ with thia drcum- 
ibttlpfion, half coverod with peWI. 

«Mw^:lHi|M 9f iFeftomvp 1363^ dtinoque (lHi?ofcet^ ttefint 

( Ha waa fucceeded bf his fen aod heir Gilbert* 

£x kffi. ^^fcaet. 23 EU%. (at Rolls Cbapfl) 

' GIfbAful Thftrkh* fiRus et her^ Giiberti Thacker tefler 4 mtfaw 
t t^it* I tblutok. 1 mdeHd. a^at. 400 acn terre, lOo acr. 
prat. 40 acr. paftore eiian fuis pertioeociis ill Reproa alias Re>^ 
piogtoD et StaootOD de Rege id Capite per ferr. miltt. per libera* 
dodecii Inam.f 

H?a. Too aod heir was Godfrey, who married Jaiie^ daoghter 
of Sir Richard Harpaf^ of Littkover^ Knt* and was Sheriff of 
this Gcnidry io 1619. 

Sir Heory Spelmao itt his fragmctiC of an Hiftory of Sacrilege^ 
makes the following jnlention of him. 

*' An E£c|Qire ifi the Couoty of Darby, by name Mr. G« 
•Thackcfr, who bad the tythes of three viUagef^, Riptam^ ^^^ 
lind Foremnrk, the two former whereof are very large, and ia 
fbe flrft wherof his dwelling houfe Aands upon the ruins of the 
didblved Abbfly» ailowes to the jBiniftcr about fome la poaada 
f9r minumfor his paint with, and care ofer fo large a coogrcgatiOB 
ai Repton itfelf affordr, the other two village^ hating chappels of 
cafe* This annual falarye was no greater twelve years fince; but 
.whether it hath fince been augmented, I know not. This gen- 
tleman hath not at any time, either by any very great howfe- 
keeoing, or by any other payments extraordinarye, either in be- 
hai^e of himftlfe, or his predeceficrs, or fuccelTooreSy had aiif 

'^ Ex <:olL Adam Wolley, jun. de Matlock, 
t lU:d 
t Fnnced ia the^Preface to the ichTol. of LeU Itia* p. xv. 


Ctnthtnation rfthi Hifiory ofRefton Priory. 175 

apparent caufe of decay 10 his eftaie, which makes his neighboured 
to wonder how or wheoce it comes to pafs that at this time he i' 
brocigftc fo low-"* 

His foQ and h^ir Gilbert married Jaoe, danghter of Sir Tho- 
ttas Bardetc of Foremark, (firft BartMict of that family,) by whom 
be had ifloe Gilbert, and Fraocia.— Gilbert married ift, Enza- 
beth^ daughter of WiSam WaJrond, E<q« who liee baried m 
RepioQ Church, with the foiiowfog epitaph. 

Oa aA altar- table. 

•* Here lies the body of Mrs. Elizabeth Thacker, ddughter 
and fioce heire of WtUiam Waldron» alias Walrond of Great 
Harborough, Co. Warwick^ Efq* aod late wife of Gilbert 
Tlbackcr, now of Repton, in the Ooooty of Derby, Kfq. by 
irtrhom ftie had one km and three^ daughters, of whom only one 
fanrivea, named Janct She departed this life Jan. 8, at the be* 
ginning of the 41(1 year of her age, A. D* 1684.*' 

Her arms, 3 baMs heads caboffiNi. 

• The renaind^r of this fracmeat regirdaa nlace of vhkh we have at« 
lieady ghrea an account, Vol. f» p. ^je. we wi|l therefore here trinlfcribeie. 

•^ In the county aforeOiicl is a village called Church GrmiJU^^ where onoi 
Was a religious nowfe. To thit pacnh church belong three more large 
villages, tiz. CmjiU €^«i^i Uni9Hf and Swadling'€Oate, and fome other 
endihips* Thei\thesto ail thefe arc impropriate. The Miaifter who 
fervti CraiPn CA»rr^» whither aH the reA, (htviag noch^ppeUjWeeki^ 
xcfiayre, ufed to haare for his ftipend S pound per ann. and i doubt it is bvc 
little' increafed. The \yxhci were challenged by two impropriators, one Mr* 
Ketling^ and the other Mr. Wibnore. I am not for the prcfcni fure, whc* 
th«r the tythesof the wheia parifh i^re dullenged by either, but of a great 
part I am eertarne. Ferhapi there might be a thu-ii impropriator, thai 
^ea^eably enjoyed fame par( of thefe tenths. I can foon learoe* Thcfe 
awo antagomlls had many bickrings, and quarrels, and frayes at fereral 
liarvcfts m taking of tythes, which was ibnrtrtyme done vi et carmU. About 
fome i4.yearesnnce, Mr. Catling encouraged hh fervanta to fight ftiffif 
for the tythes. Mr. Wiim$re^ the old man, and his elded fon, Mr. John 
l^dfimr^f both gentlcteedr <fi<l fo likcWSfe, and Ibmewhat more. For thef 
promifed their fervants if any blood was fhed, or limbs lod in the flrav, xq 
beare them out in it* The next dav they fell to it in Swadliugcoat field, 
and one of Mr. KatUn^g men, by napDC ^efford, was (layoe. Upon ihis» 
both Mr. Wilmorcv and his fon, were committed to Darfy Gaole, and a( 
the Affixes, (thouj^ they expefted freedom, and thereupon 4enr ce theit 
wives a little before to male proTifion) were both executed. The fame 
ytart the beforemeniioiied Mr. Thacfcer was ShertdTof Oarbydiiie." 


^j6 Ctnttnuatton rfthe Hf^ rf Hgpim Prmj. 

Od 8 moral tablet above. 

*' In Dominant nvera piam^ cbarijpmamque Elizatetbam 

OrtQ magna, fed vita hamilis, veaafta qnidem, et pudica^ 
"Rcgt fidciis, fideiii&ma conjagi, mater chariffima erga proleai» 
secDOQ familiae jafta moderatrix» rei oeGonomicae apprime perita, 
omntbtts arnica, et amicis digoiiEmay in egenos indies domi ec 
vbiqae beoefica, Eccleiiac filia adamulEm obfequens, hie dormit 
hypogaeo plactde, moritnra nunqnam, cojas animam (charam Dd 
iobolein) fedate reiignatam Redemptor habet redacem/' 

Jane» the only iffue by this match, married i* Charles Stan- 
hope, ad fon <^ Philip, Earl of Chefterfield ; and adly, Thomai 
Stanhope of Elvafton, Efq. (elder brother to Charles, father of 
William, Earl of Harrington} but died S. P. 

Gilbert Thacker, Efq* married adly, — — -Marburyof Mar« 
iMiry, in Cbefhire, by whom he bad an only daughter, who be* 
. came heir to thefamily^ He died in 1 712* , 

His younger brother Francis, has a monument in Rq>toa 
church, confiding of an altar-table, and above it his buft in a 
flowing wig ;-— on the former this infcription : 

•* brands Thacker, Efq. of Lincoln's Inn, fadier of Gilbert, 
who died an infant, (and 2d fon of Gilbert Thacker of Reptoo^ 
Efq. and Jane, daughter of Sir Thomas Burdett, Bart.) 

, died Apr. 14, and I ^ arc here buried/' 

kis widow Dorcas, Dec. 1 1, J */ *"» *"^ ***" "^^ uuti«;«. 

The hcircfs of the elder brother, Gilbert, Kes buried h& th€L 
ckurch-yard, under an altar-tomb. She devifed this, and her 
other eftates to Sir Robert Burdett of Formark, Bart, (defcended 
from the brother of her grandmother) and he is the prefent pof- 
feffor of the Manor of the Priory, and the manfion, which is now 
nfed as the houfe of the Head-Mafter of Repton-School^ as will 
hereafter be mentioned** 

Tbat part of tbi Manor of Rtpton^ wbUb did not belong ta tbg 
, Priory and other lands bere* 

John, Lord Segrave, died 19 Edw. It, pofieifed of lands at 
Repton, which defcended to John, his grandfon, who died 27 

* The «riDs of the Thackeri were G. on a felTe A. between 3 mafclet A« 
gttttd S. a trefoil azure, fttlked vert, between 1 cranes heads erafed purpure, 
coliar'd or.->CrcCt A heron in a bed of reeda proper. 


ConttnuattiH if the Hiftory rfRepton Priory. 277 

Edw. III. Elizabeth, daughter and foie heir of the laft John, 
Lord Segrave, (by Margaret, daughter and fole heir of Thomas 
Je Brotherton^ fecond foa of Edw. I. Earl of Norfolk, and Earl 
^arfliall of England) carried a large eftate hereabouts in marriage 
to John, Lord Moubray^' particularly at Repton^ Bretby CafiU^ 
RoJUjion^ CoUn, Linton^ Milton, Willington^ AJbhurne, and. 

In i' Hen. IV, John Moubray, Duke of Norfolk, held thema^ 
nor and ciflle of Bretby^ the manors of Rojlajion and Coton^ Re^ 
pington, LejntOTiy H^illingtoriy Aielingtan, (Milton) AJhburne^ 

Elizabeth his widow, in exchange for (bme part of her dowrf 
had affigned her by Hen. IV^ thefe efiates ; and 5 Hen. IV, (he 
held thefe eftates as the wife of Sir Robert Gouftiull. 

John, 2d Dulie of Norfolk, died 1 1 Hen. VI, leaving thefe 
cAates to his fon and heir. 

John, 3d Duke of Norfolk ; tho'.at the fame time Giles Swio* 
nerton held lands here which he left to Alice, his daughter. 

The I Hen. V, John de Findern, was pofTeiTed of a manor at 
Repton, as appears by the following deed. 

Died of John de Findern, i Hen. V. 

Sciant prefentes & futuri quod ego Johe^ de Fydern dedi con- 
cefE et hac prefenti carta mea coniirmavi Petro de Melborne, Ro- 
berto Tillot & Johi Draycott Capellano de eadem Manerium me- 
um de Repyndon cum omnibus fois pertinenciis in Comitata 
Derb. ac etiam omnia alia terras tenementa redditus fervicia et re- 
verfiones cum omnibus fuis pertinenciis que quidem manerium^ 
terras, tenementa redditus fervicia et reverfiooes cum omnibus 
fuis pertinenciis ego prefatus Johes de Fyndern Richardusdie 
Longeford chyvaler Johes Cokayn nuper Capitalis Baro Scaccarii 
Domini regis, Petrui de Pole, et Henricusde Bothe (imul cum Johe 
Cvrfon de Ketulflon et Johe Foliambejam defun£^is habuimusex 
donoet feofiamento Robti London Epi et Oerardi dq Braybroke 
Chevgler in Repyndoo Meleton et Tykenhale prout in quadam 
carta feoffamenti nob. per prefatos Epum et Gerardum inde confefla 
plenius continetur habend et tenend omnia prediAa manerium 
terras tenementa redditus fervicia et reverfiones cum omnibus fuis 
pertinenciis prcdii^o Petro de Melbome, Robto Tyloct« John 

• Efcheat Rolls.-*Dugd. Bar. I* 130. 


978 Continuatiett efiki J^/brj cfR^tM Priatj. 

DraycoC heredibus et aiijgnads fuis Itberc, quict^ bene ct mm 
pace de capitalibus DomiDis feodi illios per fervicla inde ^c* 
bita ec de jure coafueu in perpetoum. £t ego vero prediAus 
Johes de Fyadero et heredes mei omnia predifta iBaac- 
riuiDi terras, teoemeniay redditus, fervicia et reverfloncs 
cum omQibus fuis pertioeBciis, predi£lis Petro de Melbornc^ 
Kobto Tillot, Johi Draycot heredibus et ai&goatts fuis coDtni 
oinues geates warraotizabiinus in perpetuum. In cnjus rei icfti* 
mooium .huic pre^nti carte.mee Agilluin nieuin appofui, hiis (efli- 
bus Robto FrauQceys, Niche de Montgomery, Aluredo de JL«* 
thebuiy, mtglitibus, Johe Fraanceys de Engleby, Willmo Kol- 
k(U>n de SweikeAoo, 'Ricudo Browne et aliis. Dae. vicefliino 
iiecuodo die tneofis Maii, Anoo Regpi Regis Henrici qoioti poft 
conqueftum Primo."* 

To this deed is affixed a final] red feal iinpreJed with the coat 
of Fynderu, (viz.) a chevron engrailed between three croflEes 

In 31 Henry VIIL George Findern held lands here, which he 
left to bis i51ro(her Thomas's daughter Jane, married to Sir Rich* 
nrd Harpur, Judge of. the Common Fieas whole defceodant Sir 
Henry Harpur, Bart, is now Lord of the Manor and Patron, 
and has a good eftate here, and a park, which though it is now 
broke^up, is yet impaled. 

Sir John Porfs $fiaUs and foundations here. 

By the foregoing colleflions, it does not appear th^t here wne 
more than two diltinA manors, viz. the ouiQor of Bepton, which 
paflfcd from the FituUrns to the Harpur s ; and that cf the Priorw 
9f Rtpton^ wh ch pafTed from the Thackers to the Burdetts. 

Yet in 1 and 2 of Philip and Mary, the King granted licence to 
William Wejlcote to alienate the manors of Rippington and fVikQU 
to Sir John Port of the neighbouring parifli of EtUfoU^ Yiu\ 

Foundation of the. School 

The Charter of the Hofpital of Etwall, and the School of Rep- 
ton of thctoundation of Sir John Port, Kt. was granted by King 
James. A note in the margin fays that a new fchool houfe Wi^ 

t fi» Coll. Adam Wollcy, jun. prcdift. 


Cohtihuation of the tilflory of Repton Pribrj. 279 

lk)t built/ but part of the Priory coaTerted into a fchool houfe^ 

ace. ^ ■ • 

An the lands, tenemeiit^ dnd hereditan^ots v^hich were the 
.Inheritance of the faid Sir John, p&rt in hbfehfy Jbraham^ and ' 
Buchurfiy in the Coooty of Lamafler^ and rtt Reptwt^ alias Rep^ 
fingdin, Milton^ Radkurn, ParwUki MiMettfif H^rkjwortk^ 
JVinfter^ Trujly^ Caldwall, Marftm mar Ivihurie, Bonupij , 
Longford^ AJhbum^ Clifton^ Ccmpton^ BturfiUy Roddtjly^ j^fljton 
upovTnnt, Normanton^ and Derby, in the County $f Derby ^ and 
part in the hundred of Repton^ alias Reppingdoit^ being conveyed 
10 Sh' Thomas Gifford^ Knt. Richard Harpur, Efq. after one 
of the Jaftices of the Court of the Cooiraoo Pleas, Thoinas 
MreivJleTt then Vicar of Etwall, John Marker and Simon Stariey^ 
or their hetr8» for the maintenance of the iix poor people of Et^ 
tvdU, and a'lchool mafter and uflier at Repton» which iaods^ 
&c. were then improved (o as to maintain one mafier of the 
faid hofpital, one fchool-mafter, two ufhcr?, twelre poor men., 
and four poor fcholars. Aifo by a petition of Henry, Earl of 
Hantingdon, Philip Lord Stanhope of Shtlford, and Sir Thomas 
Gcrrard, Kot. and Bart, the coheirs of Shr John Port, they were 
made a body corporate. The firft mafter appointed for the 
hofpital was John JenoinffS, Ckrk. The fir(l fchool matter waa 
Thomas Whitehead, M. A. and John Light-foot, B. A., and 
George Ward, ofhers. 

They had afterwards licence given them to purchafe or obtain 
one meflaage or tenement in Willington, in the .occupation of 
John ^opkin, and another in the occupation of Francis S^mnettg 
and all the lands, meadows, pafVores, commons, ptofits, &c* 
thereto belonging. 

Alfo the ReAory or Parfonage of that place, and the advow** 
fons, prcfentation, and right of patronage of the vicarage there, 
and all the tythes, tenths, oblations, profits and commodities 
ariflng within the town helds, liberties or precfi6ls of Willing* 
ton, and one yearly rent charge of 13 pounds, 6 fbilliogs, and 
% pence, to be had out of the metrnages, lands, tenements aiKl 
hereditaments in Ticknall, which Sir John Harpur purchafed of 
Ralph Abell, Gent, and of John Oliver, Yeoman. They had 
alfo licence granted them to purchafe any other lands, mancrs, 
tenements, reftortes and hereditaments whatfoever in England, 
not holden of the Kinp in capite, nor by Knight's fervice, fo 
that the lands t^ be had or purchafed do not exceed ;^.50 per 
ann. dear of all charges. 

N n Th^ 

. aSo QntiMuatiM 9/ the Hi/hry of Ripiom Prmy. 

The power of recdmg tnd paying wu veiled ia f be mafler ef 
the hofpital. The goTerpours appointed to foperiotend the laid 
fchool and hofpital were Sir John Harpur» Knc Heorj, Earl of 
Hantiogdon, Philip, Lord Scanbope* and Sir Thomas Gemrd^ 
and their heirs for ever. And ihtf to ha?e the power of nomi- 
nating to the refpeAite places of mafter, fehod- mailer, ulbcr«y 
poor men and poor fcholars, and in cafe they (hall n^lcd to do 
(6 within 13 weeks after any vacancy, then the Judges of Affize 
for the County of Derby, for the time being, (hall cle£l into fodi 
place as (hall be fo void. 

The Rev. Mr* Aflley was many years head nufter, the Rev. 
}ohn^ Beech, and the Rev. Walter Fletcher (ecood mafieri^ 
and-«Hawkfworth writing maficr. To them fuceeeded the Rev« 
Dr. Prior, Rev. John Hutchinfon, and Richard Tcmikins. The 
two latter are Aiil remaining, with the Rev. Willtaoi Bag(haw 
Stevens, head mafter who fuceeeded Dr. Prior. 

jf£f of Inclofuns of the Common Fields^ 1766*. 

In the year 1 766 an Aft of Parliament was obtained lor in- 
clofing the open fields, common meadows, common paAarcs, 
commons and wafte grounds within the parilh of RepCoa^ (cxpepc 
the commons, &c. lying within the hamlets of Bretby, Fore- 
marke, and Ingleby, which were reputed to be within the faid 
Pari&i of Repton, and alfo except the Commons, &c. called 
Sourhwood, part of the Manor of the Priory of Repton, and 
af(a^xcq>t Repton Park,) in the County of Derby. In which 
aft it is ftated that Sir Henry Harpnr, Bart, was the Lord of the. 
Manor of Repton, and Impropriator of the great tyihes ari(ing 
Within the fame^ and alfo owner of a rabbet warren upon part of 
the faid commons intended to be inclofed, called Repton Wafte.' 
And that Sir Robert Burdett, Bart, was Lord of the Manor rf 
the Priory ofRiptou, the lands belonging to which were all tyihe 
. free, and as fuch were well known and diftinguifhed from the 
lands lying within the faid Manor of Repton. That the owoen 
and proprietors of lands lying within the Manor of the Priory of 
Repton bad no claim of Common Right upon the commons or 
wafte grounds within the manor of Repton ; nor had the owners 
and proprietors of lands within the faid Manor of Repton any 
daipn of Common Ri^t upon the faid commons and wafte 
grounds called Soothwood, lying within and belonging to the 
iM Manor uf the Priory of Repton, and that the faid commons, 


&c. called Sottclwrood, wore iateaded, to be excepted oatd tbst 
aA and not to be iociofed. I'hat tfaeRer. jobo Eidwardt, ClerK^ 
was Curate of the perpeMal Cotaqr of Reptoa aforefaid^ aod ia 
right of his Curacy claimed the tithes of wool, lambs, aod other 
fmall tytbes } and that Sir Henry Harpar, Sir Robert Burdeti; 
Thomas Filher, Efquire, George Meafhamy John Tedey. and 
others were the owners or proprietors of the faid open fields, &c. 
iDtended by that ad to be divided and incloTed, &c; &c 

R£pt9n Cburcb. 

The church is a large and handfome ftrnAiire» and pariienlarly 
eminent for its uU taper fpire* which, as it emerges above the 
hills and woods from moft part of the^furrounding country, forms 
a very beautiful objeft. The date oiF this building we cannot 
determine. The chancel certainly flaods over an ancient crjpt^ 
lately difcovered by the Rev. Mr. Stipbens^ which is fupported 
by round wreathed Saxon pillars, and is known to belong to, and 
of courfe, to have been part of the Priory. 

Thechnnchconlifts, befides this chancel^ of an handfome nave, 
aod two fide aiks. 

On the pewt and eMewbm vt carved the following arms. 

The Earls of Chefler— -3 garh. 
The Clares, Earls of Gbuccikr— 3 ibivttmm 
^ TheHaftings*s— ^tfaMMcA. 

Thofe of ftri with the initials 1. P. i650.t 

A chevron between 3 garbs^ 
'fhe badges of the flou 

loufes of York and Lancafter, vjsL ^ 
PorttuUU \ Ihe R$fi^ &c. 

An old Vifitadon Book mentions here alfo the\arms of 

Philip Legh — Wz* x hrs^ fur tout a heni. 

Quarterly i. G. on a bend A. 3 aofslets fitchy S. s. G. 6. 
places, 3, 2, 1, within a bordure engrailed. 

G. fretty erm. 

At the upper end of the north aile is an altar tomb, with the 
figure of a warrior recumbent 00 it, in full armour, probably of 
fome antiquity ; but as the Ihields are all blai>k» xh^re is no afr 

* The fpire of the church was tak^n dowjB fcveral y vds, and lebuik 
iboiu tco yean ago. ^ t £^. 1 $50? 

N 9 certainiog 

iQCit^mg to> wbem it bdooged. Foiihl^ it oughfi be remated 
p»t'<rf |he Pf lory qburch at its ddhTiftipp, 
... Bcfidds this tonob, and the moQUmQQts meotioned under tbc 
•oeoQilc of the Thdcker family, here are the foUowiog. 

da a mural ifloanmcnt, confining of two figures In the dreOes 
' of the' times, kneeling at a deflc, this infcription : 

«< In the middle aile iteth George Waklin, of firetby> Gent* 
and Ellen his wife, who hid ilTue one Tod, which Ellen died Mar. 
23, 1614; and thefaid CJeorge Sept, 22, 1617." 

Arms. G. rays ifTuing from a chief O. impaling A. a croft S. 
charged with skotts ramp. O. 

On ii^ mural TabUt in thi Cbamcel. 

-Hie a laborlbws re<luie(t?it, 

Qoi ab *tate tHU Initi 

tif^ue ad fupretnitm Titae tempas 

Pucrts vcri relijgtone et humanioribus literis inftitucndis 

fedulus operam impendic 

Gidtelmns Prior S. T. P. 

Obiit vicefimo die Junii; 

, ,1 Anno Cbrifti- i7jg^ - •- • • 

-^t. fu»6o." 

awv • .iOpA fiat fionr^ '..—:./ 

Elenor Edwards, wife of the Rev. Jdttn Ed<(^ar^,! died ^ri) 

^i, 17761 aged4l*'' * ' ' ' , ' • 

On another* 

, " Here lieth the body of the Rev. John Beech, wko died April 
' ^*^» '^i^t 3pt. 49, having been firft U(ber of Reptoa School tj 

1 ' '. On anther, 

«^ Hie fepultus efl Gulielmus filiuy Thomae filu Walter! Aftdcy, 

: . On a fiat Jione, 

' *^ Here are dcpofited the remains of Catherine Wlielpdalc, 
ijtiughtcr of the Rer, Thomas Whelpdale. 

She departed this life Dec. 19, MDCCXLVJ,** 
iVgpd 100 years/' 

Cmtinuatidn pf the Hifiory rf Rgptm Prhry. iSj 

J^c count of a Dormitory difcovend in a Qofe, the north Jidi of the 


The account of Thomas fFaUer^ Labourer^ aged 88. 
By Dr. Degge, publijhei in the Philofophical TranfaSfionSf 1734, 

About 40 years fince cutting hlHocks near the furface, he met 
with aa old ftone wall, whea clearing farther, .be found it to be 
it fqaare ettclofureof 15 foot. It had been covered; bat the top 
was decayed and fallen in, being only fupported by wooden Joyces. 
In this he found a {(one coffin, and with difficulty removing the 
cover, Taw a (keleton of a humah body 9 feet long, and round It 
hiy 1 00 human fkektons with their feet pointing to the ftone cof* 
fin. They feemed to bte of the ordinary fire. The head of the 
great (keletoo he gave to Mr. Bowycr, mafter of the Free School* 
I enquired of his Ton, one of the prefeot mailers, concerning it^ 
but it is loft. Yet he fays that he remembers the (kull in his fa- 
ther's clofer, and that he had often heard his father mention this . 
gigantic corps, and thinks the fkull was in proportion to a body 
cf this ftature. The bottom of the Dormitory was paved with 
broad flat ftones, and in the wall was a door-cafe, with fteps to 
go down to it nearer the church and the river. The fteps are 
ftone and much worn. 'Tis in a Clofe, in the north-fide of the 
thurch, and over this repofitory grows a fycamore, planted by 
the old man when he filled in the earth. The prcfcnt owner will , 
not fufier it to be opened, the hdy of the manor having forbidden 
it. This was attefted to us by feveml old people who had likewifo^ 
iipen and meafored thefkeleton. 

' Dejcrsption and prefent Jiate ofSjpton^ 

ReptoQ is fituated on the gentle declivity of a bill, near the 
river Trent, The foil is gravelly and fertile ; it confifts dl one 
.principal ftreet of fcattered houfes» extending from north to femh, 
&ear a mile in length, and has a briik trout ftream i:unning by it^ 
that turns a com mill. As you approach the church, you enter 
a confiderable area, in the middle of which is an old market 
• crofs. At the extremity of this fpace ftill remains a large plaiii 
pointed arch, which leads into the Priory ground, qow called 
the School yard \ from this arch or gate way extends a high ao4 
maify ftone wall towards the town about 100 yards^ then bend« 
ingcaftward, enclofes feveral acre» of grooMlj cidlcd the paddpck 


^S4 Contmuahcn tf iii Hijofy tf Rtptitt PrUry. 

and orchard. In this ground, next the Priory boilding or fchoot^ . 
!has frequently been dag up th« foundation of the ancient Priory«> 
church ; and the laA time it was opened by the Rev. Kbr. Stevens, 
Head-mafter of the fthool, large pillars were difcovered, appa- 
rently towards the chanoel, with part of a floor of inlaid brick9» 
and fome monumental rcUcks, one of which had an infcripcioo 
jardy legible, with the name of RoU^ni alio a ftooe'ooffin 

The remains of the Priory, at they now ftaod converted into a 
ichool^ coQfjft of a laige room, which you afcend by a flight of 
fieps. This is fnppofed to have been the RcfipAory^ and is .do«v 
wainfcoted round, and fitted with deiks» &c. fuitaMe to the piir« 
poicofafchool. The arms of Sir John Porte, the founder, the 
£arl of Huntingdon^ &c. are carved in feveral places. On one 
fide IS the Library, which is evidendy a more recent buildiqg 
than the reft. At the upper cod of the (cbool, another door leads 
into what is now called the Au£t Rnm. Underneath and 9dr 
joining are two dwellmg houfes for the mafters, (bme of wlvch 
are fupported with very ftrong round pillars and arches, and have 
other particular nurks of antiquity. What is now a pantry in 
Mr. Torokins' houfe, is faid to have been the Confejponmtf. 
The Head Mafter's houfeis now, and has been for fome years lihe 
'adjoining old maniion, that formerly belonged to the Thackers^ 
by whom it came to Sir Robert Burdett, the prefent owner. Th# 
{cite of this is fuppofed to have been the feparate dwelling of the 
Abbot. A part of this is ftill remaining, and exhibits to the 
irater a curious towei" of brick as reprefented in plate the iccond^ 
which is probably one of the early fpecimens of building with foch 
materials, after its revival here about the time of Henry VL 

BictraSf from Ingulphus. 

Anno 75J. iSthelbaldus rex apud Ripadium, id eft Ripedum 
tnnc tern ports akherrimum monqfterium tumulatqs rqgnum Mer« 
Qofuro nepoti patruelis fui, &c. reliqnit. 

Anno 874. Beorredus Rex Merciorum interim, cum Rex 
Alfridus in Adelingia adhere moraretur, & pagani redeuntes 
in McrciaYn, apud Rippadium hyemarent; mna/iiriumque celp- 
kfrrimm orrmum Regum Merciorum facratifftmum MtufsUum 

^ Hid, Ingulf. I. 5* 


BuiCK Tower at Keptoj?. 


ContinuftttM of the Hijtory ofRtptm Priory. 28^ 

fUndiius dejiruxiffintf ec ipre vigioti duobot anois xdgfO&U 
locarnqoe terrain Angliac in omni fuo angulo caedibus & rapiob 
vaftatam borbarorom vtderet; vel de Tiftotia defperans, vel lot 
laborum iabyriothum faftidiensy Regnum reltqairy ct Romam 
petens» in panda diebui defnn^us, ibidem in Sdida Aoglonioi 
iepolcnseft.* ' 

toad tf Henry de Hertijbom to the Canons, ef Cak 
(JiHce difcevired.) 

Oantbua Cbrifti fideHbus ad quos prefens fcript^tm perveoeric 
HmrUus de Hertijbmm fiHu$ Domine Agathe de Hertijhorn fain- 
tem in Doniino. Noverit univerfitas vellra roe dediflre» & hac 
prcfenti carta mea coofirmaflc pro falute anime roes, et omnium 
Anteocflbrum et Sncceflbrum meorum Deo et beare Marie et Eccle* 
fie San£ti Egidii de Cclc, et Canonicis ibidem Deo ferviintibui in 
puram et perpetuam Elcmofinaoi tres acras terre; roee arabiJis in 
territorio de Hartijhorn cum omnibts pertine&ciis fuis in villa 
et extra faper Schuchawe verfus AuArnm. Teoend.' er Habend/ 
&c. de me, et de Heredibns meis libere, et quiete, et pacifice ab 
omni feculari fervicio et demanda in perpetuum« Hanc auteoi 
donationem, et Conceffionem Ego Henricus et heredcs mei pre* 
diAis Canonicis contra omnes homines warrrantizabimus. Et 
m hec mea donatio et concefEo frrnne fjot et ftabiles prefeos fcrip- 
turn iigilli mei impreilione roboravi. Hiis teftibus Johanoe de 
Scapenhull; Rtcardo filio Bertram! de Herti(born; Radulfo de 
Tykeh' Roberto fratre prenominati Henrici; Johanne WycharJ 
de BreOya; Willidmo Ballade Rapendon et Aliis.f 

Seal. A device of flowers with this circumfcfiption. SICILL. 

Art. If. Short Notes from E^ham, in Surry, to Stratfield^Say^ 
in Hants^ 1782, by a Correfpondent— with Additions. 

[Egham is a place too well known to fay mudi of its hiHory.-— 
It has been rendered famous by the refidence of feveral eminent 

♦ Ibid. 1. x6. 17' 

f Ex sutog penes Dom. Rob Burdeti Baronect. predict. - 

X See fome informatioo regarding Rept^n in a paper of Mr. Pegg^, ia 
the Arch^Ugia^ iiefcribing a Roman pig of lead found on Cromford Moor. 

Mr. Pilktngton f^vcft • plate c»f an iofcripcion roand an ancient grare 
ftone found in 1741, near the fpo^ where the ancient Dormhcry before 
dcfcribed wa^ difaovered. 


i86 Sbort NAtsftm Mgbam, in Surty^ 

men, particukrly lawyert. Here the famoos Sir Joho Doddri40e 
bad a /cat. He was bora at Baroftable, in Devonfliife, and took 
his degree at Oxford zbont 1 5 76.* While he cootioued in ExeUf^ 
Collie tl^ere, he was a fevene ftudent, and by the bdp of an able 
tutor became a noted difputaor, fo that by the foandation cf 
learniog laid io that college, forwarded by good natorai parts aad 
continual induAry, he became not only eminent in his own pro- 
feilion, bat in the Arts, Divinity, and Civil . Law, inCunuck 
that many found a difficoUy in determining in which o( all thofe 
faculties he mod excelled. On Nov. 2;, 161 2, he was appoint- 
ed a Jud^i ifthi Common Pleas. He died at hia feat called Fofiers 
in this pari(h, Sept. 13, i6a8, and his body fvtt carried to be 
buried in the Cathedral of Exeter ; where there is a mooumeat 
yet remaioiDg to him,* His writings are of confiderable repute 
to this day, particularly a well-known book among Lawyers, 
which goes under the name of f' Sbephard's Toucyiotu^* now 
generally afcribed to this great man. This was alfo the feat of 
Lord Chief Juftice Fojier, who left it to his fon and heir Sir 
Thomas.^-^h family of this name have now an handfome feat in 
this town, but whether the fame, we know not ; they are not 
dcfcendcd from the Chief Juftice.^ 

[The Parfonage here was the feat (^ Sir John Denhain, Baroa 
of the Exchequer, who rel>uilt it. His fon, the Poet, (who* 
however was l?om at Dublin in 1615, before he fettled here,) 
took much delight in this place. Here was the fcene of his fk^ 
mous Poem, called Cooper^s HiU^ which is an eminence in tlila 
parifii aboTe Runny-Mead^ commanding a noble profpeA.] 

*' Preparations were now (1782) making to repair the head of 
the noble piece of water made by the late Duke of Cumberland ia 
Windfor Park, which was blovtfn up a few years ago. It was 
compleated in 1788" (and now enlivens this part of the road in a 
wdndcrful manner by the intermixture of ao expaiinve iheet of 
water, and hills (loping down to, it, crowned with wood, all 
upon the very edge of an open and barren wade.) ' 

Yet befides this, '* here were fpots of Bagjhot Heathy where the 
genius of cultivation had (et his foot, and Ihown that fomething 
may be made of the mod barren fpot." 

But there is fomething delightful even in this fcenery; even in 

- - - -^ the black heath 
Where draggling (land the mournful Juniper^ 

• Wood'? Athcnx I, 519, 520, 
f Magn, Biic. V, 361. 

*« Or 

U Stratfield'S^, tn Hants, (^'e. ' 1S7 

*• Or ycw-trcc, fcath'd ; while in clear profpcfl: round, 
" From the grove's bofom fpires emerge, and fmoak 
^' In bluiih wreaths afcends, ripe harvefts wave, 
" Low, lonely cottages, and ruin'd tops 
** Of Gothic battlements appear, and Dreamt 
** Beneath the funbeams twinkle."* 

{]Bag(hot*Park, belonged, in the beginning of this century to 
Charles Butler, (Lord Builcr of Wefton, in England,) Earl of 
Arran, in Ireland, (younger brother of James, the f<imous Duke 
of Ormond. It fince reverted to the Crowns and was granted on 
leafe to the ,Kcppel- family, of whom the laft was the late Ad- 
miral, VtfcQunt Keppel, on whofe death, ic again came to the 
Crown, and is at prefent (1790) in poffefGon of the Prince of 
Wales. Ic is a brick houfe, of moderate fizCi and nothing re* 
markable in its archite^lurej 

'^ Bagfhot, always famous for good inns, retains its chara£l:er» 
The juft reproof given by Tom Tilbury, (landlord of the 

) to Lord Chancellor Northington, will be remembered. 
Whilft the Chancellor was only Bob Henley, he had often /got 
drunk with Tom, and always found his wine good. When he 
became Chancellor, and 1 om could not be admitted to fuch fa- 
miliarity, the wine, and every thing elfe, was bad. This waa 
the cafe one night when Tom was drawing a cork, and being no 
longer able to bear it, he very frankly d — d the Chancellor, and 
told him he did not underfland his giving himfelf fuch airs, as it 
was the fame wine which he had often commended, ^nd got drunk 
with, when he was Bob Henley. This procured the Chancellor 
the nick name of Tom Tilbury. 

" There is a tower, long} fpe^fabilis, built by Mr. Lodge oa 
the heath. 

*• On the right of Hertford bridge is Bramjhilly ftanding on a 
knoll, looking like a little town, tho* 34 rooms were burnt fome 
years ago.** 

[This noble houfe was bnilt by the laft Lord Zoucb of Haring- 
worthy in 1612, and fince belonged to a Baronet branch of the 
HenUy family, now extinft. It is at prefent the feit of the Rev. 
Sir Richard Cope^ Baronet.^ 

" Sir Henry Calthrop's eftate nobly wooded ; a lunacy having 
prefervcd the trees from the axe. 

• Dr. jof. Warton's *• Enthuftafl of Mature ." 

O O [It 

atS Bridgwater CaJIU, in Somerfetjhiti. 

[It WW the feat of Scymoar, Earl of Hertford, fon of the Pro- 
teflor Dake, aod the fcene of Queen Elizabeth's eotertaiDinents^ 
Since 1782, Sir Henrys death has pot it into poflcflion of Sir 
Harry Gougb, who has made a public fale of the furniture, &c.] 

** Henford bridge, fo called from an Earl of Hertford who butit 

" The ^ite Lion, kept by Mr. Demexy, has been long koowo 
ds an excellent houfe. At the villace beyond is an old houfe, once 
an inn, and the kene of forac 01 Fielding^ 5 exqntfire humonr. 
The common was planted wirh trees by Sir PauUt St. John^ now 
well grown. It was then all furze, now under the tre^ all grccn- 

•* On the right hand lies Heckfidd heath, a very pleafant fpot, 
ornamented with plantations, bordered by feveral good houfes, 
dry and hea'thy ground, dn the left is Heckficld church, a north 
aile, no foath one» a handfome monument for Sir'Anthony Stut, 
with fome others. The church well cieled and very neat. Ad- 
joining is Getieral Pitfs park, the property of his brother. Lord 

"At the end of the heath is an inn near the gate of Lord Rivers's 
park at Stratficld Say. The park contains about 500 acres. The 
entrance is finely planted (as is the border) with trees that thrive 
excellently. A fine piece of water- on the other fide is the houfe, 
low, on a flat. His lordftiip ren;ioved the church, building a new 
one, and a very nood parfonage houfe, in a fituation commanding 
the grounds. The tower of the church is at prefent finifhed with 
an extinguiftier, but is to be finilhed as it ought to be. See Vol. 
I, p. igr.) 

*• Silchcftcr is well known." W. 

" I find the woman mentioned in your laft Vol. (p. 579) did not 
get the whole of Duncomb's cftate." 

ART. III. Bridgwater Cajlle, in Senurfetjbire. 

Lcland gives the following defcription of Bridgwater CafUe, 
(of a fmall part of the rutns of which a plate is here given.) 

" TheCaftelle famtymc a right f^ir and flrong peace of worke, 
but now al going to mere ruine, Handcth harde bynethe the bridge 
of the weft fide of the haVcn. IFylUam Bruer the firft huildid 
this CaJielUr 


Bridgwater CaJIU, in Somerfetjhin. ^ 289 

This place William Brucr (or Brievere) obtained at a gift of 
Fulk Paganel,* (before whom it belonged at the Conqutjl to fVair 
ter de Douay\ and from him fome fuppofe it t(x>k its name of 

William Bruer on thus obtaming it, got a licence f from King 
John to inclofe his woods at Toifre, Cadelegh^ Raddon^ AiUJbtrtt 
andBurgh-Walier\ with free liberty to hunt the hare, fox, cat, 
and wolf throughout all Devon/hire ; and like wife the goat oac 
of the regard of the foreft ; and to have free warren throughout . 
all his own lands, for hares, pheafants, and partridges. 

And in 2d of his reign, granted to him an ample charter for 
this his Lordftiip of Brugg^walter ; viz. That it Aiould henceforth 
be a /re€'tordugk, and to have a free market there every .week, 
with a fair once a year ; the benefit of toll and paflage ; and that 
the BurgciTes thereof fliould be free of toll ; and enjoy divers other 
privileges : giving him alfb licence for building three caftles; one 
in Hampjhtrej, at Eflege or Stoke \ another hcrt 2it BrugwaUer ,% 
and a third in Devonshire, wherefoevcr he (hould think fit upon 
any of his own lands : and that thofe LX acres of land at Blithe* 
warth, which* were effarted in King H^nry the fecond's timc,^ 
ihould thenceforth be difcharged from all exaflions of the forefi.): 

In 5 King John this William procured from the King thofe tea 
Knights fees in Cornwall, which Nicholas de Middleton fonnerly 
held ; with the marriage bf the heir of the (aid Nicolas, And in 
6 John obtained a grant in fee farm of the Manor of Chejlerfield, 
Co. Darby, with Brunnington and JVhtttinton ; and of the foke 
and whole wapentake of Scarvedale \ paying yearly for the manors 
of Chefterfieldy Brunnington^ and ff^ttington with the Soke 
LXIX^. and for the VVapentake of Scarvedale %£. and that 
the Manor of Chefterfield (honld have the like liberties as the 
Borough oi Nottinghain, 

By the fame grant he likewife had the Manor of Snotinton, in 
Co. Nott. and Jxeminjler Co. Dev. paying yearly for Snotinton 
Vlll;^. and for Axemtnjier XXlV^f . And that he Ihould have a 
fz,\r zi Chejierfield cwcTj year, for eight days, beginning upon the 
Exaltation of the Holy Crofs : as alfo a market for two days every 
week, viz. Tuefday and Saturday, with frec-fi(hing in JLingJwere^ 
Co. Somerf in fee-farm alfo for XXs. per axw. 

• Dugd. Bar. I, 432— 70 if 
t Ibid. 701- 
{ Ibidt 70S. 

O o a In 

apO BrtdgTvater Cafthy In Somerfetjhire. 

Iq 6 of Kiag John he was conftituted Governor of BoIJivir 
Caftle, Co. Derb. ao^ again 7 Hen. IIL 

Ip 8 Hen. III» the King coming to a conference with the Lords, 
wherein they required of him thofe rights and liberties, for which 
they bad fo ftoutly contef^ed with his father ; the Archbiftiop of 
Canterbury then fpeakingon their behalf, and urging to the King 
that he could not refufe to yield thereto, by reafon that, upon the 
recefs of Lewis of France (whom the Barons had called in to bear 
rule here) both himfelf made oath to them, that he would do fo; 
and that the whole Peerage of England did the like : this William 
(then one of the King's Council) ftanding up, faid, " That tbefe 
liberties having been by force e^torted^ ought not to be obferved. 
.Whercunto the Archbiftiop replied thus: " William^ if tho^ 
' didjl love the King, thou wouldft not be an impediment to the Peact 
of the Realm. The King therefore difcerning the Archbifhop to 
be moved, f lid : •* We have [worn that they JhoiH be obferved^ and 
will obferve our oath.*'* 

This William was alfo founder of the Ho/pital of St. John, at 
Bridgewater^ for the health of the fouls of King Henry the 
'Second, King Richard the Firfi^ and King John; for xiii poor 
people befides religious and ftrangers.f 

•* In the cfle pane of ihetowne" (fays LclandJ) ** is ooely the 
' Houfe or late College of St, John^ a thing notable : and this houfe 
fiandith partely withonte tlie eftc gate. 

• ^' This College had preftes that had the apparelle of fecular 
preftes with a croflfe on there brcfte : and to this houfe was ad- 
joynid an hofpiul for poore folkes. 

*^ Willilm Bruer the iirfl foundid this place, and gare onto it 
faire pofTefSons. 

'* Here is a right auncienr, flronge, and high bridge of (loqe 
of three arches begon of William Bruer, the firft Lorde of the 
towne, in King Richard the Firft and John's dayes. 

" One TriFctte a gentleman, as I there learnid, of Devonftiirp, 
or Cornwallc, finifhcd this bridge : and the Trivetes being the 
armes that Trivette gave, appeare there in a (held yn the coping 
of the chekes of the bridge." 

M Wiliianl Bruer the firfte was buried, at Dunkefwelle^ an Abb^y 
|pf White Monies of his foundation yn Devonjhire. 

f Dug. Bar* I9 702. 

t Ibid. 

{ Itin. II, U 59* 

[f WilKanj 

Bridgwater Caftle^ In Somerfetjhtn. 2gx 

** William Bruer the firft's wife was buried at Mstisfonte^ 4 
Priorie of her hulband's foandation/' 

He died ix Henry III. learing iflbe hy Beatrix deValle, his 
wife, four daughters, and, 

William Bruer his fon and heir. 

'' Wiliiaoi Bruer/' (fays Leland,) <* Too to William Bruer 
ihefirjiy founded the goodly howie where fometime a College was 
of Gray Freres'^ (at Bridgewater.) 

*^ One of the Lords Botreaux and his wife were efpecial bene* 
fiiAors to this houfe. Therupon his hert, and bis wife's body 
were buryed there* 

'* The accuftumer of Bridgwater hath traoflated this place to 
a right goodly and pleafant dwelling houfe.'* 

He died 1232, (16 Hen. III.) without iflue, upon which his 
five fiQers became his coheirs. 

Greda, wife of Reginald de Braofe. 

Margaret, of William de Ferte, 

Ifabel, firft of — Dovre^ and feoond of Baldwin IVaiem 

Alice, of Reginald de Mobun* 

Joane, of William de Percy. 

This caftle pafle^fl to Margaret^ and from her to her daughter 
Gundred^ wife of Pain de Chaworthy and from them to Henry, 
Duke of Lancafter, who married Mary, daughter and heir of 
* Sir Patric Chafvortb. 

But afterwards chiscaflle came into pofTeflion of the Cantelupeu 
defcended from Grecia de Braofe^ (another coheir) and from them 
came to the Zouches, (as in Vol. I. p. 202, 205.) 

Befides what has been extraAed from Leland before, he gives 
the following account of Bridgewater. 

*' From North Pcderton to Bridgewater two miles. The way 
or I cam ynto Bridgwater was caufid with Aone more than half a 
myle. ' 

** Entering into Bridgwater I paflid by a chapelle of S. Salviour 
(landing on the rifle of the haven. 

** Then I entcrid into a fuburbe, and fo over a bridg, under 
the which renneth a brook, that rifeth a foure miles of by weft 
at Bromefelde. 

*' The fouth gate of the towne joinith hard unto this bridge. 

^* The towne of Bridgwater is not waliid, nor hath, not beenc 
by any likslyhad that J faw. Yet there be 4 gates yn the towne* 
nam»d as they be fette by Eft, Weft, North, and South. Tbe 
^auUes of the ftone houfes of the toune be yn fteede of the towne 


J9* BriJgwaUr Cajle, in Somrfetjhin. 

waulles. i rode from the fouih gate yn a p^aty ilreaee a whiles 

»Qd thea I turaid by Eft, and came to the market place. 

♦< The faircft ftreate aod priDcipale (howe of the toWne ys from' 
the weft gate to the eafte gate. 

*' 1 hat parte of the towne that ftaodeth oo the weft fyde of the 
bridge and haven is thre tymes as bygge as that that fioadcth on 
ibe eft fide. 

♦* In the wefte parte of the towne Is a large paroche chircb. 

*' There ys an hofpital in this parte of the towne of the batldiog 
and fundationof men yn the towne; but it is eqdowed with litle 
or no iande. 

*• The cfcapclle of St. Salviour at the fourh fyde wiihoute the 
town was baiidid in b^minum mef/ioria by a merchaunt of Bridge 
water cawllid JViUiam Poel^ or Pole, 

. ^' There hath faulleo yn ruine and fore decay above 200 hoofei 
yn the town of Bridgwater in lyme of rcmembr jounce."* 

Henry, Lord D'aubene, fon of Giles, Lord Daubene, Cham- 
berlain to Hen. Vil, was created Earl of Bridgewater by Hen, 
VIII, Jul. 29, 30th of his reign. He rqarried Kathcrine, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Howard, Duke of Norfolk, but died without if- 
Cue. John Bourchier, his ftfter^s foq, tirft Ear! of Batb, became 
his heir, and fucceeded him in a large inherirance.f 

John Egertoft, Vifcount Bradley^ fon of the renowned Chan- 
fc^llor Sir 1 hom^s Egerton, was created Earl of Bridgewater, by 
James I, and from him, the title of Karl, finceraifed to the higher 
honor ot Duie, has defccnded to th; pref^nt illoArious repre* 
fentative of that noble family. 

This town had the honor of giving birth to the great Admiral 
Blake^ the famous Naval Commander of the CommontuealtJ^* 
When iTiade Governor of Taunton and afterwards of Ljme^ he 
defended them with great valour againft feveral famous and for- 
cible fieges of the King's Army, under the conf^fH^u^ of Prince 
Maurice, and George, Lord Goring. When the war was at an 
end at land, he was made one of the Commiilioners of the Navy, 
Lord Warden of the Cinque' Ports, and in 1649 lent to fea ia 
qoality of an Admiral, where he performed almoft incredible ex^f 
ploiis; forfiift, he hunted Prince Rupert from fea to fea, fo 
that the Prince was forced to yield up to him all the ftiips that 
had revolted from the Parliament. Secondly^ he reduced Seilly 
10 the Parliament's fervice, whereupon he was chofen one of the 
Council of State. Thirdly, he foicly beat the French fleet ; a»d 

* Lcl. Ttin. n. f. 5'— 59- 

•I* Yurkc*^ yuioQ of Huuour, p- 98. 


To/ioi/r.Miiv l/pO. 

Arch of ^"est-Ham: Abbey. 

Bribtg^water Castijs. 

U^efi'ham. Abbey, Effix. 1^93 

flicrc happening a quarrel between the Eoglifli arid Dutch Re- 
publics^ Fan-Trump was tOQ hard for him in the Downs ; but 
foon after he found him about the I/Ie of Wigbt^ and beat die 
Dutch fleet'in a woeful manner. 

Laftlj^ he was viAorious over the Spaniards io federal engage- 
inentSy and particularly at San^a Cruz gave them fuch an over- 
throw, that his name became as terrible to thcntf, as Drakes had 
been, lie was in many other brave and daring adions as at 7»- 
»iV, And elfewhcre ; and dying in 1657 at PUmouth, was buried in 
great ftaie in- King Henry VII's Chapel; but in 1661 his body 
was removed frotn thence by King Charles 11 's order, and burica 
with divers others in one pit in St. Margaret's Church, Weftmin- 
licr, near the back-door of one of the Prebendaries, 

'J'his town is governed by a Mayor, Recorder, &c. and fends 
two Burgefies to Parliament. ' 

The prefent are 

Admiral Sir Alexander Hood, K. B. 


Robert Thornton, Efq, a RuJJia Merchant, 

The late Hon. Anne Pouleti was a benefaftor to the church her^ 
by the gift of a fine altar-piece of our Saviour taken from the 
crofs, painted by Guido, which coft ^.700.* 

Art. IV.* JVeJi ham Mhey, EJfex. 

This, tbo' now comitionly called Weft-ham Abbey, is properly 
Stratford- La ngton, in the precinfts of Weft- ham. 

Weft -ham lies in the great road leading to London from this 
County, and extends to Bow-bridge. The owners of this parifti^ 
in Edward the ConfeflbVs reign, were Alcftan, and Leaured^ two 
freemen : at the time of tlic general furvey they were held by 
Robert Gerndn, and Ralph Peverell, Robert Gernon, whob 
eaftic ftood at Stanftend, ioiindcd the '^bbeyof Stratford, and 
endowed it with bis whole Lordfhip of Hamme, in arable and 
pafture lands, meadows, marfhes, waters, &c. 

The Abbey continued poffeffed thereof till the difTolution. 

The (ite and remains of this once con fider able Monaiiery are 
about half a mile fouth weft from Stratford Church* 

It was founded either in the year IC34, or 1135, by Wm. 
de Montfichet, for Monks of the Ciftertiaa order, and dedicated 
to the Virgin Mary, and All Saints.f 

• Shaw's Tour to the Weft of Englancf, p. 531. 
t MotAAi'sEirex, Vol. I, p. tfr and i8« 


^94 Wffi-ham Abbey^ EJfeX'. 

*^ The Howfesof the order cawlyd Sarimacanjls, oth^rwyfe 
Fratres Grijiiy were aftar reducyM onto the ordre caullyd Sifter-^ 
iienjis. Stratforde, ia Eflex, was of thf& ordre by the fooodatioa 
of Montficbit. This howfe firft fett amonge the low Marfches« 
was aftar with fore fludes defacyd aad remevid to a ceUe, or 
grauQge, longynge to it caullyd Burge/fede, id Efijix, a mile or 
more fram BilUrka. 

<* TheMooksremaiaidatBtrr^y?ir^antyli entrete was made' that 
they might have fqm help otherwyfe. Then one of the Richards^ 
Kings of England^ tpke the ground and Abbay ef Stratefsrdi 
into his protcAion, and reedifienge it brought the fordayde 
Monks Agayne to StratforOe, where amonge the Marfches - they 

rcinhabytcd."t - 

The Abbot had fummons to Parliament in 1307. 

At the (uppreffion this Abbey was valued at £.511. i6j. ji 
perann. according to Dogdale, and at ^^.573 ly. 6d. accord* 
ing to Speed. K. Henry in 1538, gave the houfe and fite of the 
monaftery with the church* kc. to Peter Mewtasy or Ateautis^ 
Efq. whofe defcendants fold them to John Nutts^ Efq. It be- 
longed afterwards to Peter Knight* Efq. and now to Newnaa 
'Knight and others4 

The ftone arch of this ^ Abbey, (of which an engraving is 
fiere given) now ferves as an entrance into a dairy belonging to 
a modern bailt Public Houfe called the Adam and Eve^ or Weft- 
ham Spring Tea Garden. The fituation is very pleafant. The 
foiith wall of the garden has fome remains of the gatewaf. About 
15 years ago 7. Cr4ek who then held ihefe premifes found a large 
/lone coffin^ which is now to be feen under a grove of yew trees in 
the garden, near the fpot where it was dug up, and the top is 
laid down as a common. flone in the wa(h-boufe of the faid pre- 
mifes. The brafs plates belonging to the top of the coffin were 
fold as old mettle by fome labouring men. 

In the adjoining field many curiofities have been dug np^ and 
there is now to be feen a Aone entrance into a fubterraneous ca- 
vern. But no defcent can be made on account of a fmall Aream 
of water that keeps continually running. 

The common people have a vulgar tradition, as they have at 
other places, of a fubterraneous paiTage, leading to Barking. 

• Lclancl»$Itini Vol. VII. foU »o. 
f Morant ut fupra. 


* S^mi account of Sidgilrookf in Lincohjbtre, iic. 295 

Art. IV« Some account of SeJgehrook^ in LincoJnJhire, fi'wn 
ancient MSS. 

** The pariih church of Sedgbrookci alias of Sedbrooke, with 
Eaft Alington, id the Deanry of .Grantham, is divided into two 
jnedieties, ruoniog equally thro' both thofe places. They are 
both reflories, but one of them a Sine-Cure, and called the Dea- 
conry, as the glebe belongmg to it is called the Deacon Glebe, 
and the incumbent has bttn called the Deacon. There is no- 
thing due for bim to do, but the providing the ringing of a bell 
at morning and night every day, except Sunday : and it is pre- 
fumed therefore that for that, and the like minifteriall purpofe^ 
^ Deacon was appointed from the neighbouring Abbey of Newbe, 
to which the profits of his mediety were appropriated. Since 
the Reformation, the donation of both reAories has been in the 
Crown. * 

'' The church is a fair country pari(h church, with a large 
chancell, which opens on each fide into a place or building added 
thereto and defigned, the one on the north fide for a buriall place 
for the Abbey aforementioned, the other on the fouth for a bu- 
ryall place for the family of the Markhams. It was built, if not 
the whole church, in Edward IV's days, by Sir John Marckham, 
that excellent perfon whom Fuller in his Holy State gives for the 
. example of the upright Judge, as havinjg loft the place of Lord 
Chief Juflice of ihc Common Pleas for his integrity; after which 
lofle he retired to this place, and fequeftering himfelf from the 
world, he fpent his laft days in devotion in a chamber which he 
made over this buryall place. There remains a chimney in the 
wall, fome ends of joyfts, and other marks that juftify thi^ tra* 
dition. As do alfo the many Bafons for Holy Water, and other 
marks of devotign, according to the humor of thofe times, (hew 
the piety of his difpofition. And God hath blefTed him with a 
worthy poflerity that have been all along renaarkable for that juf* 
tice, honor, and goodnefs, and have been for fonoe defcents dig* 
nificd with the title of a Barooett."^ 

* Juridical Mifccllan. Mui; Brit. Bibl. Hul. 68aa« p. 171, 

P p Church 

196 Swie acuunt of Sedgibra^if in Lincoln/Hire, &e^ 

Church dotes from Gervafe Hollcs's MS. as before^ 

AlUngton, ' 

Ecdefiaerbinae corn CampaDilibos dapliciter arcuath. 

OccicfcDtalis EccTia fanAs Trinitatis. 

OrieDtaUs Capella fci Jacob! infra decanatioaem de S^broke* 


Sepiilime 10 Feneftris totias Ecckfiae, 

Party per fefle or and B. iq cheife a demy-lyon rampant G. a 
bdrdure arg. ■ M^^rkham. 

Tomolos marmoreut cum effigie, & ItifigDiis ex sere abladsw 
Id one of them 

Marcham empaling — Arg. on a (altier eograyled fa.' 9 aonxdets 
or*' . Liake. 

This (they fay) is the Judges tombe. 

In Feneftra orieDtali. 

Chequy» arg. and G. a bend fa. Bekering. 

SChequy arg. and G. a bend fa : and for 1 » , • 
differeoce an annulet in chlefe fa. J ^^^"i* 

Argr on a chevron fa. 3 efcallops or, a) >, . 
muJIct peirced for difference. ] ^^^V- 

Sa.' a lyon rampant, a border gobony arg* and fa. 
Arg. 3 crefcents G* 
^B. a chevron bctw. J - - - - - arg. 
Effigies Judicis. Item in Feneftra Oriental! CanceUi, & a&b!. 

Tumulus marmoreus acre fixus in area. 

Oratepro aiabus WilTrai Marlcham & Johis Markham filioram 
Johis Markbam Milit. & Margarets Uxoris fuse, qtii obierunt 
i8^ die Mard! a7o Dni. 14^8, &c. ' 

Hicjacet.Simon filius Johis Markham milicis, qui obiit 17^* 
die Feb. Ano 1455 • 

Tumulus lapideus. 

Hie jacct Dorothea filia JohTs Markham Armig : & Alici« ux- 
oris c;!.s, quae obiit 20^. die Januaiii^ Anno Dni i^^^^^ Cujm 
iSjs {>rapiiietur D«U8.^ Amen.^ 

Somi ac£9UHi of 8e4gibrooi^ in Lincoln/hire^ &r. 297 

la Feneftra boreali Chori borealis. 

Arg. 3 croffcs botony fitcby b:tw. 3 flowers dc lize, Q, 

!B» 00 a cbeife or, a demy*lyoQ raoipant G. with a 
border arg. ■ ^tarcbam. 

Chequy arg. aad G. a bend (a. with an aonuler — ^ 

f Or, on 2 barrs G. 3 watcrbougcts arg.. Wil" 

' Empaled. 5 lughby ofWoKaton, 
> I Arg. on a faltier engrayled fa. 9 annulets. — Leake. 

1? I J 5 Arg. a chcife G^ Hercy, 

Empaled. J ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ anniilcts Leake, 

In 4eadem Feneftra. 

Robertas Markham Miles filius Robert! Markham Militis. 
Elizabetha Soror Johannis Markham armig. & uxor Roberd 
M^kbam Militis, patris Robert^. 

In Feneftra Qrientall. 

€ Vaire arg* and fa. 

Empaled. \ Chequy arg<. and G. a bend fa. an annulet. 

, t '^Bekering, 

In Fenedra Campanilis. 

( B. on a cheife or. a demylyon rampant G* a. border 
jEmpaled« < arg. * Markham, 

(Arg. 6 crofles botony htchy^ G. 

In Feneftra boreali. 

Tho..Falmer Rcftor Mediet. Eccliae. 

Willus Porter fenior Cleric 

johis Markham Militis & EKzabethae Moris fase.** ^ 

This eftate of Sedgcbrooke having been in the family of Mark- 
ham many years, Sir George Markham bequeathed it to Dc 
Wilfon» who gave it to his nephew Mr. Cracroft of Louth» who 
hasiince much, diffipated it. The old hoiife we believe is re- 
maining. At Aliogton, the other part of this medicty, is alfo 
% good old manfion, the foat of Mr. Welby, (fon of Cdoncl 

# Qenra(e HoUet as before, p* 306, Ice* 

F p a Wdby 

29$ An account of Bijlon^ in LincolnJblrCf iic. 

Wclby of DeDton, near Grantham) who married the widow of 
— r Williamroo, Efq. by which medns he became poflefled of 
this place. 

" Over againft Belton," faysGough, *^ \s Sedgchrook. thelord- 
fiiip and burial place of the Markhams, of which &mily was the 
famous and upright Judge, who, being difplaced on a very ho* 
nourable account, for refufing, though defircd by King Edward 
IV, to give a charge contrary to his confcience, retired here, and 
built this maufolcum with a chamber over it, where he fpent his 
days in devotion. His monument remains not much defmced,* 
a marble tomb robbed of its braffes, except one whereon Afark^ 
ham impales Lcakc.**t 

Art. V. ' An account rf Bo/ion, in Lincolnjhircj with tbe 
monumental tnfcriptions. From Gervafi HolU's^ MS. 

This town, which according to Bede derives its name from 
St. Botolph, a pious Sa^on, is fituate at the eaftern divifion of 
the county, in the Hundred of Shirbeck, upon the River Wi- 
tham, which having paflTed this flouiUhing town foon unites imh 

the fea. ^ , r . . . . . 

The moft ancient account we find of it is, that m the year 
1241, King Henry III. Reg. 25, by afpecial Charter bearing 
date the ift May, gave to Peter de Savoy^ fon of Thomas, Earl 
of Savoy, and uncle to Queen Eleanor, and his heirs for ever, 
the town of Bojlon, with the foke and fairs. 

About, the 15th Edward !.• William de Ros (whofe anceftor 
Peter originally aflTumed his firname in the time of Henry II!, 
from the lordfhip of Rofs in Holdernefs, Eaft Riding of York- 
fhire, where he then refided •,) had by nwrriage with Maud, ooe 
of the daughters and coheirs of John de Vaux,.the Manor of 
FreAon and lands in Boftoo, and various other manors, moieties, 
and advowfons, &c. After many fervices in Scotland and having 
been fummoned to various parliaments till the 9th Edward Hd. 
in the following year he again received command from the King 
to x:ome to NewcaJiU upon Tyne, well fitted with horfe and 
arms to march againft the Scots : in which year he died and 
lieth buried in the Priory of Kirkham, under a marble tomb, on 
the north fide of the quire, leaving Williim his fon and heir 
then of full age; who doing homage, had live/y of ail his lands, 

+ GouEh't Additions to Cjmdpn, V(jl. 11, p. 351. 

An account ofBoftw^ in Lincobtjbire, &r« 299 

Which Williaoi waar fummoned to Parliainent from iith to 
^Oth of Edward II. So likewife to all tbofe of K. Edward III. 
from the ift to the 1 6th of his rcigo inclufive; and departiog 
this life i6th oF February 1 342, (17 Edward III.) was buried 
in Kirkham Priory, under a fair 'tomb, on the fouth Cde the 
high altar; leaving William his fon and heir then 16 years of 
age. Who had amongd his various other lands^ the caftle, and 
manor of Belvoir, with the manor 08 UllingtoD, FreAon, and 
Bofion, in Com. Leic* &£. But we fipd this family no longer 
10 pofieflion of lands here; for aimoft a total deftruAion hap- 
pening to this town by a wilful fire foon after, a confufion of 
property no doubt was the confequence. 

The following account Leland has given in his valuable Itine« 

<* From Bume in Refton to go thorough by Holland to Boftoa 
XX miles al by low grounde and much marfch^ and no wood ia 

«< Boptolpftoune Aondith harde on the River of Lindis. The 
greate and chifieft parte of the toune is on the efte fide of the 
ryver, where is a faire market place, and a erode with a fquare 
toure. The chife paroche chlrche was at S. yohns^ where yet 
IS a chircb for the toune. S. Botolph's was but a chapel to it« 
' But now it is fo rifen and adornid that it is the chifieft of the 
toune, and for a paroche chlrche the beft . and fayreft of al Lin^ 
€olnfl)ire, and fervid fo with fingging, and that of cunning men, 
as no paroche is in al England^ 

^* The fociety and bretherhodde iongging to this chirch hath 
cauffid this, and, now much lande longgith to this fociety. 

" The ftcpil being quadrate tum\ aqd a lanterne on it, is 
both very hy and faire, and a marke bothe by fe and lande for al 
the quarters thereaboute. There is a goodly forte, whereof part 
is of while marble or of (tone- very like to it. 

** There be three colleges of Freres, Grey, Blacke, and Ju* 
guftines. There ys alfp an hofpital for poore men, and yn the 
towne, or nere to it the late Lorde Hufe had a place with a ftone 
toure. Al the building of this fide of the toune is fayre, and 
marchauntes dnelle yn it; and a ftaple of wulle is ufed there* 
There is a bridg of wood to cum over Lindis ynta this part of 
the toune, and a pile of (lone fet yn the myddle of tlie ryver. 
I^hf ftreame of yt is fumtymes as fuifte as it were an arrow. 

* Dugdale'tBaropt Vol. J. p. $47, &c« 

goo , An account of Bd/lon^ in tincolnjhirt^ fSc. 

** On the >veft fide of Liodis is ooe long ftrete, oo the fiunc 

fide is the White Frcrcs. 

*' The mayne fe ys vi miles of Bqfion. Dyverfe [good Jhippi 
and other vcflTells ryde there."* 

" Mr. PaymU a geotilman of Bofton told me that fyos that 
BoP'jnof old tyioeat the great famofe fair there kept was brent 
thar fcant fyns it ever came to the dJ glory and riches that it had; 
. yet fins hath it beeoe mam f i J richer then it is now. 

'* The (lapie and the ftiiiard houfes yet there remayoe : but the 
(liliart^ is litle or nothing at alie occupied. 

•* There were iiu Colleges of Frercs Vlarchaunta of the ftiiiard 
cumm'iDg by all partes by Ell were wonf greatly to hauut B^/lm: 
and the Gray Frercs tokc them yn a manor for founders ot tbcir 
faoufe, and many Eflcrlinges were bmried there* 

" In the Blacke Freres lay one of the noble Hunttn^eldes^ and 
vras a late taken up bole, and a leaden bulle of Innocentius, Bi- 
Ihop of Rome^ about his Dek^ 

*• There lay alfo in the Gray Freres of the Montevilles gcn- 
tilman, and a vi or vii of the Withams gentilmen alfo. 

*' There remainith at Boficn a manor place of t^ e Tilneys by 
their name : and one of them began the great fteple in Bufton. 

*^ It is from Bo/lon to the fandes of the Wafcbe a 6 miles r 
and then by the fandes and the falte gutte axii^ and tbens agayne 
VI to Lynnii 

" There is a certea feode paid at Bffton caullid CrunnueScs 

After the deftruAion this town underwent in Edward Vs time 
by that dcfperate gang, at whofe head one Robert Chamberian was 
leader, '* Better times (f^ys Camden) fucceeding raifed LSotolph's 
town once more out of its a(faes» and the ftapie for wool, &c 
being fettled here brought in great wealth, and invited the merr 
chants of the Hanfeatic league, who e(labli(hed here their gild 
or houfe. It is pt prefent handfomely built, and drives a confider- 
able trade, and the inhabitants apply theri;ifelves both to trade aad 
grazing of cattle. f 

•* The men of Bofto-^, of the foke belonging to the honor of 
Richemunt, in Holland, paid / lOO and two palfreys that do 
Sheriff nor his Bniliifs (hould interfere, or have any thing to do 
vi(h them, but that they might chufe a fiailiflffrom among them^ 
felves, who ftioold aofwcr at the Exchequer for pleas and out^ 
goiogs as they were >\'ont to anfwer to the Earl of Bretagne, while 

• Leland's Itinerary Vol. VII. fol. 49. 

+ Lei. ut fupra. Vol. VI, fol. 59, 60. 

{ G«Dgh't Camden, Vol. II, p. 214. it 

'j6i dcc$wit 0fSofi9n^ in LincolnJInref (!ft. --301 

it was in his hands.* The Khig granted them a Charter, dated 
30 Jan. a. r. 5. fThe feal of the gild reprefentcd Biftiop Blaife, 
\triih a wool pack and crofier." 

•• The towcT .of the church was bnilt 1309 on a bed of clay, '9 
feet beloW the river. Its height is 30Ofeer, and it is afccnded to 
by 365 fteps. The length of the church, as meafured by Mr. 
Effcx and myfelf, July 14, 1783, is 245 feel in the clear, and it 
is 98 feet broad. Dame Margaret Tilney is faid to have given 
^.5 to the building of the church, but not the leaA memorial 
remains of her or her family among the many brafslefs flabs with 
which the floor of thift handfome chnrch is conripofed. The font 
was new 1607. Here is an organ, but the finging is not ^xtQi- 
ordinary. On the north iide of the church-yard ftand' Tome re- 
mains of St. Botolph's priory, a quadrangle inhabited by Mr. 
Pacy ; over the door an old bearded bu(l on a pedeftal. It is not 
cafy to determine which of the religious foundations mentioned by 
Tanner this was. Lord Hufley's houfe was. one of thofe with a 
great fquare tower of brick called Hufley's towcr.J There being, 
no good frefli water in Bolion, a perfon has offered to dig a well 
100 yards deep, but has already gone to the depth of 150 with- 
out fuccefs. St. John*s Church, mentipned by Leiand, has been 
long finCe down ; but the bumii^ ground is Aili ufed. The 
crofs is fucceeded by a town hall. The Witham is navigable 
hence to Lincoln. The town was incorporated 37 Hieury Vlil. 
Elizabeth gave it a court of admiralty, and founded a fchool here. 
It has two markets and three fairs. Roman antiquities were dug 
up here 1716* Here was born George ^ox, the Martyrologift.^ 
It gave title of Earl to William II1§. to Henry NafTau, Lord of 
Auverquerqne, who died 1754, aged 92, without ifTue male, 
•and (ince of Baron to William Irby, fo created 1761, and fuc- 
ceeded by his fon Frederic, ad and prefent Lord/'|| 

The following Church Notes are from Gervafe HoUes's MS. as 


** Villa de Bofton incorporata fuit in Burgum 14^ die Maii» 
Ano. 37 Hen. VIII. 

^ Mag. rot. 6 joh. rot. 6* b 

t Rot. Cart. 5 Joh. t&. 14. Both are printed at large in Madox's Kif- 
tory of the Exch. t&o. 
t Stuk. I, 19. 
I Cough's Additions to Camden, Vol. IT, p. a4f. 


302 An acanatt ofBcfim, in Ltnc^lnjbire^ tic^ 

In Feneftra anftrali Cancel!!. 

Bariy of 6. arg. and B. in chcife 3-^ R'lcus Flcmmiog EpasLio- 

kOEenges G. A mitre on the 2d bar. > cola, qoondam Rcftor if- 

J tiusccclefiae. 

Sa. a crofle engrayled on* ^ IJfford. 

Ouarterlv I ^' 3 waierbougcts arg.- Ros. 

Vjuarccriy. ^ ^^ ^ ^^^^ j^^^. ^ ^^ ^^^^^^^ G.—Badlrfmtre, 

nnar-rliT 5 ^^' * ^''^^'^ engfaylcd or. IJfford, \ jjg^„ . . 

Quarterly. }g. a crofle farcdyafg. Beke. {^&(r**r- 

nn^rt^rlr J -^*"8- * ^'^^'^f^ ^- ^^^^"^ ^^l * b«nd G. Crumwdl. 

Vpaneny. j chequy or and G. a chcife ermine. TateJbaU. 

In Feneftra boreali canceUi. 

Or» alyon rampant double queve fa ; Welles. 

Empaled. { W'"** ''" Vr)]?"!' ^ ' "^- ^''^'* 

* Quarterly. { ^Jf } WiUugbby, 

In Feneftra occidental! ex dextra Campanilis; 

Sa» a crefceut or» between i rofes in cheife, and a mullet in 
bafe arg. 

Arg. a fcile^ and a muUet in cheife fa : bis. 

In Feneftiis Campanilis. 

Sa. a chevron betw : 3 bells arg. 

Plures Feneftrae Campanis circnmduAae. 

Sa. a crefcent or. between 2 rofes in cheife, and a mnllec in 
bafe, arg. 

G. 3 waterbougets arg. Ros. 

rfc«,rfprltr i A^g- ^ ^^^'^^^ ^* ^^^^ *'' ^ ^^^ ^* CrumwiU. 

^";^"y' I Chcquy or, and G. a cheife ermine. TateJbaU. 

Arg* a chevron betw: 3 rams heads erafed, G. 

Tumulus marmoreus aere fixus. 

Hie jacet Willus Smithe quondam Vicarius iftius Eccliae in de- 
Cretis BaccalaareuS| & Praebead^rius Praebend. de Hatheri Prae- 


Somi^ccitM f/'B^Jitn^ in Llnethjhin^ tic. 303 

bend.jn Cathedral. E^lia Line qui obiit if. di^ Aprilit An* 
no Dai 1505, cujus, &c. 

Tumali marmorel In terra. 

Hie jacet Dous WillTTs Bonde Baccalaurens TJieolo^fle^ quon« 
dam Reflor Eccliae de Stekeney, qoi obiit i j^. die Decembrit 
Anno Dni 1485, .cujus animae, &c. 

Hie jacet Dnus Willns Newton Re£tor Medietatis Ecclis dc 
l^euerton, qui obiit, i6^. die Novembrit 1545. 

In Choro majori verfus aufkrum, 

Ricus BoUe de IJaugh filius Rici> & Martanns uxoris fuae filial 
JoFis Fitz- William d^ Mabberthorp bis Vicecomes Comitatfis Lin* 
colnizy faepe provinciam gerens in Scoria, et^Anglia, obiic 6^ 
die Februarii Ano Dnt 1591. Jana filia Willi Skipwith Milicis 
prima uxor, per quam Carolus, Maria nupta Antonio Tourney 
de Cavenby, Anna Leonardo Cracroft, Gertruda Leonardo 
Kirkeman de Keale, et Urfula Job! Kirkeman defponfate. Anna, 
ada. Uxor, per quam nuUus exitus. Margareta, 3tia. Coojux 
per quam Ricus, Joh^, & Johanna. 

Robtus Townley Contrarotulator Portus & Aldermannus Bof- 
ton obiit 8"*. di6 Mariii Anno 1585. Johanna uxor ejus relifta 
RB Skeppcr de Eaft Kirkeby fepulta jacet apud Eaft-Kirkeby. 


t Arg. a feiTe, in cbeife, 3 mullets fa : 
Quarterly. \ erefcent for diiFerence. 

( 6a : 3 goates faliant arg.- Gateford. 

Joh^..Nutting obiit m Cfaftii^p Natifitatis beatas Mariae, i38p« 
litpra Dnicalis G. 
Agnes Uxor gus obiit ^6^ dieNovembris Ano. 1420. 

The mortall corps, that lyeth here under ftone. 
Was of Roger Shaveloke th^ wife clcpyd Jone ; 
Of London he was Citizen, on Pilgrimage he went 
To our Lady of Walfingham with full good intent. 
And fo header to their QDuntrey, difporting in their life, 
3nt crueil death, that fpareth none, he tooke a#iy the wife. 
In the yeare of our Lord 1488, the day of Afcention. 
All good Chriftian people pray for hir of your devotion. 

Johes Leeke Mercator de Bofion obiit Ultimo die Tabuarii 
Ano Dii 1527- Alicia, ct Johanna uxores ejus, 

^ Q^<\ Hie. 

304 An account of Bo/lon^ in Lineolnjhifit (^r« 

Hie jacet proftratus Ricardus Frere tomnlatas, 
Gildan dilcxit, quam munere faepe proTCxit. 
Anno milleno C obiit qaater & duodeno. 
Bis Julii fenoque die migravit amocoo* 
Uxor h Alicia fcpelitur junfta JohanQa, 
Spreverunt vitia, guftant cceli modo Manoa ; 
Audit quique pias MifTam cum voce Marie 
Alte cantatam per Gilds ¥ota locatam. 
Fapa dies donac centum venidBque corooaf, 
Nonus ei vere BonifaciuSi hunc rererere. 

Johes Dale Mercator Stapulx (Feneftrarum reparator) obiit 

l6*». die Fcbruarii, Ano Dni 1482. 
A feffe and a crefcent in cheife. ■ ■■ Dale* 
Ricus Brigges Aldermannus Bofton erexit quatuor - - - - 

23^dieMartii 1584. 

In choro Scorum Petri, & Pauli ad Boream. 

Ut referunt Mctra, Mercator olim vocitatus 
Pefcod fub petra Walterus hie eft tumulatus. 
Qui quinio Julii difcefcit ab orbe Kalendas 
"M. C ter Ofto cui nonageno mageprendas. 
Multa Petri Gildae bona contulit ex pietate. 

Veftis, & vcrfus Pifis inierflinfta, 

Requicfcens in Dno Henricus Butler obiit 11^. die AuguftI 
Anno 1 60 1, aetatis fuae go*. 

Arg. on a chevron B. 3 cups covered or, belw. as many demy 
lyons paflant guardant, G. an annulet fpr difference* To his creft, 
on a Torce or and B. an horfe head erafed quarterly arg. and (z^ 
. Buder. 

Feneftra cum limbo Clavium, & Gladiorum a litera P. perdcn- 

tium^ viz. 

Alanus filius^obti Lamkin quondam Canonicus profeflTus Mo; 
nafterii beatae Maris de Barlinges obiit undecimo die Mali, Anno 
Domini 1498. 

In Navi Eccliae. 

Thomas Gull obitt 7®. die Decembris, Ano Dni 1420. 
Thomas Robertfop Mercator Villae Califiac obiit - - - • 
^ - .- - die Menfis • - • r ct Ellzabetha uxor ejus, 


An account of BoJIon^ in Lincolnjhire. 305 

que dbiit 2S^ die Aprilis A^ Dai 1495, ^^ Maria Uxor altera, 
quae obiit 2^ die Julii Ado Dqi 15^0. 

Johes Robinfon Arm. Mercator Stapulae Villas Callifiae, (Anna 
Elizabetha & Alianora uxores ejus,) Fundavit^duos Capellano 
ID Gilda beata Mariae Virginisin Ecclia Parochial. Sci liotulphi de 
Bofton in pcrpetuum celebraturos pro anitnabus, &c. &c. . Obiit 
circa aoDum setatis fu2e •}2^ primo die menfis Martii Adqo 

0ni 1525. 

A felle dauDcee betw : 3 falcons. 

.Athelardus Kate Mercator Stapulaejn vigilia Sci Matthiae Ano 
Dni 1501, uxores^ ejus Anna, ac Dna Elena. 

Hie jacet Willus Recade de Bofton geo. qui obiit A no 1400. 

Ooarterlv I ^ ^'"^ between 3 griphons heads rafed* 

^ «« I 2 cherrons with an annulet. 

Robtus Bofton, & Alicia uxor ej as.— •Obiit 
ille 25^ die Augufti Ano 1436. 

Ecce fub hoc lapide Thomas Flete.fiftit humatus, 
Vi mortis rapidae generofus femp. vocitatus; 
Hie quifquis fteteris ipfum precibus memoreris, 
Sponfam defunclam fimul Aliciam fibijun£lam; 
M. C quater quadringeno quoque deno, 
Martia quarta dies exftat ei requies. 

Schola ibidem fundata Ano (f. Elizab. Willo Ganocke Malore, 
Gualtero WoodrofFe primo Ludimagiftro, Ano Dni 1567. 

In Feneftris. 

\?^^^\^ 1 I G. 2 lyons paffant or, a border arg. 

Empaled. | ^^^ /.hevron, G. Stafford. ^ 

Arg. a fefle, and 3 martlets in cheife fa : 
Or, on a chevron G. 3 martlets arg. between 3 flowers de Iize 

Art. VI. Church Notes from Burcejter^ Oxford/hire. 

Burcefter, fays Camden, a town of ancient note, but where I 
have not found any marks of antiquity except that Gilbert BalFett, 
and Egeline de Courtnay his wife built here a fmall religious houfe 
in honor of St. EJburgh, in the reign of Hen, II, and the Barons 
Le Strange of Knocking were lately Lords of the place. 

Q^q 2 Googh 

306 CbMrcb Nlftes from Burcejfer, Oiforijhtre* 

Goagh adds that ** it is a neat market town, which fome fap^ 
pofe to take its rife and name from fii(hop Birinas, but Plot from 
Bermwood foreft in Buckinghamlhire, on whofe edge it ^as an- 
ciently feated. The Priory was fouoded iiSi, dedicated to St. 
Mary and St. Edburgh, valued at ^.147. The memory of this 
laft Saint is retained iJi a well, and in Edhurgbali. Here is aa 
bandfome church, and in the King's eiui divifion. (lands a plea- 
fimt houfe of Mr. Coker^ Lord of that manor. The market- end 
bebnged to Sir William Glynne, Bart.* 

" Biciter^ altos Burctftir. 

May 25» i66o. 

In the chancell agaioft the north wall a creat gray marble rai&d 
mondmenty— oh a plate of brafle affixed to the wall this^ 

Orate pro animabus Willielmi Staoeley Armigeri quondam 
Domini de Bygnell et Alicie uzoris ejus filte et unius heredis 
Domini Johannis Fraunces Militis, et Domine Ifabelle uxoris qua 
iilie et heredis Domini Henrici Plefyngton Militis, qui quidem 
WillielmusobiitdecimodieOaobris A^ Dni MCCX^CLXXXXVIil, 
predida rero Alicia obiit xx die OAobris A\ Dni MCCCCC quo- 
rum animabuii &c< 

Againft the fouth wall here a phte of brafle, thereon this. 

Here lyeth buried the xx day of September, Anno Dni ISS'* 
Roger Moore, Efq. a fecond fon of Moore de La Moore, in the 
County of Oxford, and Agnes his wife, daoghtcr and heir of 
John Hufye, Efquire, the fecond foft of Thomas Hufye of Shap* 
ricke,' in the County of Dorfet, who had iffuc by the faid Roger 
Moore, Thomas, Mary, and Elizaberh \ the which Thomas was 
one of the Gentlemen Peniioners unto Queene Elizabeth, and in 
her Majefiyes fervice in Ireland, was Hain the 10th of Marce, 
1574, leaving no iffue of his body, and Mary, his eldcft Cfter, 
married Michael Blount of Mapledurham, in the County of Ox* 
ford, Efq. and had iffne Richard, Thomas, Charles, Kaiheryne, 
and Mary. ' And Elizabeth, his fecood filler, married Gabriel 

^ GouffVs Camden I, p. 199. Sir William Glynne harf a feat at Am- 
brofden, two miles off, fold by his fon Sir Stephen to Sir Edward Turner, 
Bait, whofe fon Edward built a mofl fumpiuous houfe here, which about 
17^9 was pulled down by the prefcnt Sir Gregory Turner •—/^;</^ 


Church Notes from Burcejier^ Oxfori/hin. 307 

t^owler of Tylefworth} In the County of Bedford, and had iflue 
Rycfaard, Maryi Agnes, Elizabeth, and James, 

Over all thefe armes. 

A fefle dauncetty pa]y of 6 S. aqd G. between 3 mullets S« 
quartering a chevron between 3 annulets G.-fl cnfcent, — Impaling 
— Barry of fix* erm. and G. in chief a crefcent. Over it two 
crefts. The firft, a demy lion ramp. A. charged with a feiFe 
dauncetty ; — the 2d. a talbot pa£ chained and collared, charged 
on the (houlder with a crefcent.. 

Blount. O. 4 bars nebulee S. quartering ift. a tower. 2d. % 
wolves pair, within a bordnre, in chief between tbefe two coats 

a crefcent. 3d. Vaitc. 4th. A pale. 5th. A greyhound 

ramp. 6th. A chevron between 3 pheons. 7th. as the firft.—- 

Impaling Moore, quartering ift. A fefle between 3 annulets. 

2d. Barry of 6, erm. and G. in chief a crefcent. 4th. as ift. — 

The creft, a wolf paiT. upon a crowne. 

Fowler. Vert, on a chevr. between 3 lyons paff". gard. 3 aofs* 

lets quartering ift. 3 bars G. in chief a lyon pafl". G. 2d. A. 

3 wolves heads erafed G. a bordure V. of caftles O. 3d. - - 

- - a chiefe per pale - - and erm. in the firft, an owle. 

Impaling Moore quartering the annulets, and Hufye.^^Tht creft, 

an owle gorged with a crowne. 

In the North He againft the wainfcot thefe depiAed. 

A. on a chevron between 3 lozenges 3 bulls heads. 

Paly of 6, a bend. 

G. 2 bars O. impaling S. 3 falcons levant A. 

G. 2 bars O. impaling A. a lion ramp. S. quartering Barry of 6» 
G. and O. 

A. on bend B. 3 bucks faces quartering .*.-.« 
quarcering Man. 3d as 2d« 4th as ift. Stanley* 

In the Middle He at the entrance into the chancell a brafli plate 
affixed to the wall ; thereon this : 

Here lyelh the body of John Coker, who departed this life the 
14th of February, i6o6. Here alfo iyeth the body of Joane 
Coker, wife of the faid John Coker, who departed this life the 
16 of May, A^ 1618, 

Here alio lieth the body of Anne Coker, wife of Cadwallader 
Coker, eldcft foo to the faid John Coker, and Joan his wife, who 
departed this life the aoih of Auguft 1620. 


3o8 Church Notes from Burcefitr^ Oxfordfinrt. 

On another tl>e like, hard by this. 

Here lyeth the body of John Lewes, born in Lyn, in the 
Connty of Caernarvon, Gent, who for the love he bore to the 
faid John Coker, dcfired by his will to be buryed near himi he 
dyed at Oxford on the aift day of September, 1612. 

On a ftone on the ground hard by, this : 

Here lyeth the body of John Coker, who departed this life the 
14th of February, and was buried the i6th of the fame, A. D, 

On the fame ftone alfo this engraven. 

Here lyeth the body of Cadwaliader Coker, who living foc- 
ceeded his father abovementioned in his mannor of NurCi Place, 
and after death, in this grave. Obiit Oft. 15, A.- D. 1653, 

aet. 82. 

On a braflc affixed to the north wall hard by, this. 

Here lyeth buried the bodye of William Hortt, at Yartt, Geot. 
who deceafed the vth of July, 1584, and alfo with him lyeth bu- 
ried Erne his wyfFc, who was daughter unto Mr. Aftiton, of 
Crodone, in the County of Lancafter, Efquire, and deceafed the 
VI of Auguft followiag 1584, andhadiflfue 2 fonsand 4daughters. 

Againfl a pillar not far off, a table of black marble, thereon this 
in golden letters. 

Anne Clements, the wife of Mr. Richard Clements, by wbome 
he had 4 fons, George, Richard, Thomas, Benjamin; and 6 
daughters, Elizabeth, Anne, Grace, Anne, Judith, Grace. She 
departed this life the 28th of May, A. D. 1652; of her age 39. 

Reader, as in a glafle thou perfeftly may fee 
How ail things here below uncertaine bee : 
. Sh.e was, her huibands, childrens, parents fole delight, 
' By death's impartiall ftroke is taken from 'em quite. 

In the fouth Ifle on a brafle on the ground, this. 

Here lyeth burled the body of Rafe Hunt, who was borne 
in Lankeyfhire, in the parifti of Chilve ; he was a longe dweller 
in this tovvuc of BiiTiter, and a good benefaftor to the poore. 


Church Notes frm Burcejter^ Oxford/hire. 309 

Hi had two wyvcs, Ellen and Katherine, and had i/Tuc by Ka- 
therine, one only daughter named Anne. He dcccafed the laft 
day of November, 1602. * 

Towards the bottom of this fouth ifle againft the wall, 
a brafTe, thereon this : 

Here lycth buried the body of Humfrye Hunt and Elizabeth 
bis wife, the which hadiflue fyvefons, and three daughters, and 
was borne in ClifThoufein Laokefhire, and deccafed the zxiv 
day of May, in the year of our God, 1601. • 

On a fouth windoiV here thefe arms, 

Barry of 6 Erm. and G. impaling A. 

Barry of 6, in chief a crefcent impaling 3 wolves couchant B— • 
a bordure S. bezenty. 

Barry of 6. Erm and G. in chief a crefcent impaling A. 3 de 
Us B. 

In another fouth window this written : 

Orate pro aia Johannis Wilkyns ct pro bono ftatu — - - • 

.... Alicieque matris ejus - - - Wilkyns patris - * 

.* — .-«- banc feneilram fieri -- — --•-., . . 
quorum aiabus proplcietur Deus Amen. 

In a north window. 
Erm. a fefTe Compony A. and B.^'' 

Leland gives the following account of this place. 

^* Good wodds about fum partes of Burcejier, There be 
goodly meaddowes and paftures about Burcefter, There is a 
commune market at Burcefter every weke on - • - - day. 

** There rifythe hard by Burcefttr. a Title broket pafTyng 
thrwghe a pecc of the towne, and aftar thoroughe |he Priory. 
•It goithe a 4 miles of about Oimore into Carweli River. 

«* The Baffetts were Lords of this towne; after the Straunges, 
and now the tbe Erie of Derby. 

Sum fay that BaJ/its had his manflon place, where the comon 
pound is now in the midle of the towne. 

Sum fay that Bajets houfe was where the late Prioric of Bur- 
fefln (lode. 

• Harl. MSSt ^170. p. |S— 10. 


3IO Church Kotisfrtm Burciftfr^ Oxfirifinre. 

Gilbert ifijfiu, and JEgUftn Courtmy his wyfc were prigioall 
foundars of the Priory of Chanons id Burcefter. 

Gilbert Bajfet, as fomc thiake, was buried beyond the fee. 
This Gilbert was but a Knight, and he was a great companioo 
ia warrcs to one Giffard a noble Knight. 

JEglean Courtney was buried in the Priorie of Burce/ler, 

There were divers of Daniaries^ aundent gentlemen, buried in 
the Priorie of Burcefter. 

There was alfo one of the laft of th^ Lord Leftranges buriecf. 

<< The Prjorie charcbc was de^dicate (o St. Edburge the Vir- 


** The parochc chnrche is alfo dedjcatyd to Seint Edburge* 
•* There is bnried in the qoier of the paroche chnrche of Buf^ 
tefterooc WilUam StanMey, Efquier, Lorde of BygnelU, a mile 
from Burcefier, and part of Burcefter paroche. This Standi^ 
injirried Alice, daughtar and heirc to John Frauncjs^ ^oighc. 
StatuUey die^ Jnno Domini 1498. 

<• 1 here is a woddy bijle a three miles by fouthe out of Bur* 
tefiery caulyd the ErUi Hill where fome thinl^e bathe bcpc a maT 

jier place. 

*• From Burchejier to Oxford % milcs» 

•' From Burcbefter to lame Ix miles. 

<« From Burcbefter to Buckingham x miles. 
' «« From Burcbefter to Banbyri x miles. 

«* From Burche/ier to Brackley tii miles. 

The Village and Caftle of Midleton in Oxfordjhire\% two myfes 
by weft from Burchejlar. The caftle ftode hard by the churchc; 
Sum peccs of the walls of it yet a litlc apeare, but almoaft the 
vhole fite of it is ovcrgrowne with buftiys. 

*• Sum fay, that this was Bajfett's Caftle. fyns Leftrangs^ and 
BOW the Erie of Derbye's. The Lordftiip is a fiftie /. a yerc. 

<< One told me that fuch landes as the Erie of Darby now 
hath in Oxford were the Bajfetts. and after the Leftraunges lands ; 
as Burceftre, Midleton, tVicheford and ampton toward Cheping- 
Norton; Kyngffutton almofte in the way htcvixl Brakeley and 
Banbyri: but 1 take that fum of ihefe Lordftiips were the Lord 
l^ovells^ an^ 87^^** ''J atteindure to Standleye, Erk of Dcrby."^ 

f Lei. Idn. VII. part I. foL 7, «, 9, 


Rlftory of BurciJUt^ Oxfirdflnre. 311 

A more fuU account of the defcent of the Manor of Bur after. 

Neither Leland, Camden, nor Gough having faid how this town 
paflcd from the Bajfetts to the L'ejiranges, it becomes necelTary 
to add fomething to the foregoing authors. 

Gilbert, Lord Bajfett of Hedendon, (which fecms to ha?e been 
the eldeft branch of that noble and numerous family) died 7 of 
K. John, leaving iffue (by Egeline Courtney, his wife bcforc- 
ixientioned) Euftachia, bis only daughter and heir,* who carried 
13urcefler in marriage to 

Richard de Camville,f (fon of Gerard, and Nichola, coheir of 
Richard de Haya, Lord of Halnakcr, in SufTex.) In 7 John, 
this Richard gave MM oaarks fine ; and ten palfreys, for the li- 
very of the lands of bis wife's inheritance; and in 16 John had 
livery of Afidkton Caftle, in Oxford(hire, as part of his own in- 
heritance by defcent from his father. He left ilTue a daughter and 

Idonea, who became wife of William de Longfpee^ fon and 
heir of Wil iam, Earl of Salifbury, who pofTeiling Burcefter in 
right of his wifie, gave to the Canons there for the health of the 
fouls of his father and mother, and of his own foul, all his lands 
In fFrecteroyck, with his wood called Craven hull ; as alfo cer- 
tain arable ground, called Coubregge^ and palturage for 50 beads 
at Erdintone. He was killed in a battle with the Saracens 1250, 
leaving his fon and heir 

William, who married Maud, daughter of Walter Clifford^ and 
died 1257, (41 Hen. HI,) leaving two daughters his coheirs, 
(tho* Dugdale, in his Baronage I, 179, makes them but one) 
Ifabel, who became wife of Sir Walter Waleran^^ and 

Margaret^ of Henry Lacy^ Earl of Lincoln^ who had in her 
right BurceAer and Middleton, with the homages, rents, fervi- 
ces, «Sfc. of which he died feized 13 12, (5 Edw. 11,) leaving 
them to 

Alice, his daughter and heir, who became wife of Thomas, 
Earl of LancaAer, and died feized of them, 22 Edw. HI, wherc- 
9ipon they feem undoubtedly to h;»ve come to the defcendants of 

« Dugd. Bar. I, 385. 
t Ibid. 617, 628. 
J Ibul. 177, 178. 
\ Ibid 670. 

R r Ifabel, 

312 Hiftcry rfBurufiir^ Oxfordfiin. 

Ifabcl, vrifc of Sir Walter Wafer^n, the other coheir pfWil- 
liam. Earl of Sali(bnry, which Sir Walter died 2 Joho, leaving 
ifllie by her, three daughters^ his coheirs.* 

I. Cicely, wife of John de Moamouth. 

II. Ifabel, wife to William de Neville, and 

III* Albreda, married to Sir John de logh^m, Et. who iq 2 

ifohn paid a fioe pf fixty marks to the ^iog* and one palfrey, for 
ivery of the third part of Waleran's Barony. t He died 5 John, 

Oliver de logham, his fon and heir, who died 10 Edw. I, 

John de Ingham, bis fon and heir, who died 2 Edw. Q, 

Oliver de logbaip, his Ton and heir, yho died 18 Edw- III, 
having had two daughters his coheirs, Elizabeth, wife of Sir 
John Cur fon, and 

Joane, wife of Roger iLe Strange ofKnockyn^ who had for her 
purparty an al&gnation pf the mai^ors of JVe/i Deane^ Tind Eajl^ 
Grtnfted\ and alfo a moiety of the manor houfeanci manor at 
Ingham — and feemed in 22 Edw. Ill, upon the death of Mfe^ 
Counters of Lancafter, to have fucceeded, i.n right of his ^ife, to 
the Manors of Bicejler and MiddUton ; for he died feized of tbem 
29 Jul. 23 Kdw. III. J — By her he was father of 

J( hn, Lord Strange of Knockyp, who married Matilda, daughr 
ter and coheir of Sir John de Mohun of Dunfier, and had iHue 

Richard, Lord Strange of Knockyn, who died 27 Hen. VI, 
feiz d (inter alia) pf the Manors of A£dIeton and Burce/ler, leaving 
iffbe by Conftance, bis vifc, 

John, .Lord Strange of Knockyn, who married Jaqnetta, 
daughter of Richard Woodville, Earl of Rivers, (filler to Elizi- 
beth, Queen of Edw. IV,) and died Oft. 15, 17 Edw, IV, leav- 
Ing iflue by her 

Joan, daughter and heir, wife of George, Lord Stanley, (and 
In her right Lord Strange) eldeft fon of Thomas, Earl of Derby. 

» Ibid. 

f Dug. Bar. II, 104* 

^ Dug. Bar. 1, C65. 


Tour tbr9* tie ASdland Counties^ 3x3 

Art. VII. to tbi Editors of the Topographir. 


The followioc; copy of a Charter, not noticed by Dr. Thorotoa 
in his Htftory orNottinghamflure, is fent as an addition to yoar 
article of Mansfield, (Vol. II» No. I, p. 47.) I lately met with it 
in looking over a colle£lion of ancient deeds^ &c. made by Roger 
Columbelly Efq. of Darley Hall, in the Co. of Derby, towards 
the latter end of the fixteenth century ; from which collection it 
is probable yon may occafionally receive further communications, if 
the prefent (hould prove acceptable. 

Yours, &c. 

M- Y. 

<* A Copii rfmy Cofin John Dighye's Charter of and for his Lands 
in Woodbous.'* 

Johannes dei gira Rex Anglie Dns Hybnie, Dux Normann. et 
Aquitann. Comes Andeg. AichipifcopisEpis. Abbibs. Comit. Ba- 
ronibs^Juftic! Vic. Prepofit. Miniftris et omibus Ballis et fidelibus 
fuisSaltm* Sciatis nos conceffifle et prefenti carta confirmaflfe 
Johanni Pincerneetheredibs fuis totam terram quam Wulmerus de 
Wndehus tenuit. Scilt, doas bovatas terras in Wudchus et una 
bovata in la Hull et unT bovsua in Unertorpe. Tenendas de no« 
biset heredlbusnoilrisin feodoad firmamperuiiamarca Argentiper 
Ann. proomni fervicio. Quare volumus et fir miter precipimus quod 
idem Johes et beredes fui pod cum totam prediAam terram haeant et 
teneant de nobis et heredibus nris poft nos bene et in pace libere et 
quiete plenarie et integre in feodoechereditateficut Carta quam ei 
inde fecimus dum cflemus Comes Moreton* raonabilit.' teftatnr. 
T.— J. Norwic. Epo G. Fil. Petri Com. Eflex. Rob. Fil. Rc^ 
Hug. de Ncvill. Willmo Briwcrr. Willo^dc Cantalup. Johc de 
Stoks. Dat. p. Manu. G. Prepofiti BeverT. et^rchld. Wells, apud 
Lutegate Hall xvli die Januar. Anno Regni ori, quintO. 

Art. VIII. Tour thro the MidUmd Counties. 

Continued from No. XIII^ p. 234. 

From Afhbourne we went to Oakover^ an ancient feat of a fa- 
mily of that name. In about two miles we crofied the Dove over 

R r a a fmall 

314 7^^^ ^^^^* ^^^ Midland Counties. 

2l fmall bridge into SrafFordfliire, aod caote immediately into &fr. 
Oakovir*s groands. The wood-crowa*d hill in front of the hoafe, 
the verdore of the grafs, and the richnefs of the farrooading mea* 
dows gave the feat a very pleafing appearapce. The houfe is ooe 
the ancient manfion, of which a view is given in Plott^ (p. 227,) 
but (lands exaAly in the fame fitaatbn. However the iboII re- 
gular (tho' not the Park^) Front is direflly the contrary way. 
This is quite modern, confifting of a middle and two wings, ta 
form of an half H, built of red brick, edged and ornameoied with 
white flone work. 

The entrance is into a moderate modern-ball, where haqg a 
few tolerable portrait?, amongft which is one of Sir Kenebn Sig* 
hy. But the dining-room, which is entered thro' a neat iiziall 
anti-room, contains the objeAs of a traveller's noticet 

The room itfelf is bandforae and of a good £ze, wainicDtted' 
with mahogany, 


Tbi Holy Famifyt by Raphael UrUm. The group coafifts of 
Chrift fitting in the Firgin's lap ; her mother looking on him ; 
St. John before him, and Jofeph in the back ground.— *Tbis is a 
piAure aftonithingly admired, and valoed at a very high price. 

The three Magi at the tomb of Cbri/t; the Ang^l fitting upua 
it. By Carlo Dolcu 

Chrift bearing his Crofs, including SanAa Veronica's haodker* 
chief By Titian. 

Two Landfcapes. - . - - 

The Uojuft Steward by Rubens. 

The Baptifm by Titian, 

A Venns by the famt. 

A Flower- fkce hj Farelft. 

A head of St. James Minor, by Rubens. 

Children blowing bubUes. 
. Five Saints faying Mafs by Titian. 

The Woman in the garden, converfing with two Angels, by 

Two Sea-piecesy by FanJervelde. 

St. Paul, by Rubens. 

Such is the lift of the pidures of this houfe, which are peco- 
liarly feleA, and fo excellent as hardly any private gentleman is 
mailer of. 


Tour thro* the Midland Counties. 31^ 


The neat fmall parilh charch (lands clore to the fide of the 
houfe, 10 the manner it appears^in the Print in Phtt beforcmcn- 
tionedy and had lately undergone a thorough infide repair, fo 
that, tho* we could not procure the key to enter ir, ve could ad- 
mire thro' the windoMrs its peculiar neatnefs, and could dlfcern aa 
ancient brafs figure or two on the floor ; — and on a very elegant 
murnl monument, confifting of a beautiful female figure of white 
marble, leaning o?cr an urn with one arm, the other holding a 
wreath, we could read in an imperfeft manner the following 

Epitaph, • 

«• Sacred to the memory of Mary, wife of Leake Oakorer, Efq. 

near 40 years --,.. daughter of 

John Nicoll, Efq. She left this life Jan. 20, 1764, aged 63 

** So clear a reafon, fo refiu'd a (enfe. 
Such virtue, fuch religious confidence. 
Manners fo eafy, and a mind fo even, 
On earth muft needs anticipate an Heaven/ 

•« Her hujband foon followed Jan. 31, 1^765, aged 6^. 

'* Thrice happy pair ! in nuptial love fo tied. 
Whom Death but for a moment could divide ; 
Knowing this world is not our proper home. 
Their wi(h was for that happier world to come* 

Scripjit Amicus et Medicus Dom. Gulielmus Browne, Equet 
Auratus.** . 

Arms. I. Oaiover, Erm. on a chief G. 3 bezants ; quartering 
2. Per pale indented S. and A. 3. G a fefs inr. 3 annulets O. 
4. A. a fattier engrailed S. charged with 9 annulets O* Le^ie^ 
Impaling. I^icoU. S. 3 pheons heads A. 

Pedigree of Okeover. 

*« Dove beginning to enlarge his banks,** (fays Er^ick) 
** pafleth on to Okeover, where is a fair old houfe and a park, 
and a goodly demeane, of which a gentleman of the name of Ohr 


3i6 Tourthro* the Midland Counties* 

katis the prefent poireffion^ as defcendiog to him from his an« 
ceftors of (he fame furname, which have continued ever fiaot the 

The following Pedigree is from the Vifitation-book of Stafird* 


Ormus, Lord of Okover^ had ifllte Ralph, whofe fon Hagb de 
Acover left Galfrid de Acover, married to Matilda, who had iC- 
fae Radulfe de Acover, who bad iflue Hugo de Acover, Kot. 
whd had iflTue Robert de Ocover, Knc. who had iilue John, who 
had liTue Roger de Ocover, Knt. who had ifiue Sir Thomas, 
who had iflTue another Sir Thomas, who had iflue Sir Philip, who 
had ifTue Thomas, who had iffue another Thomas, who had iflbe 
Philip, who had iffue Radulph, who died the 9th of Oftober, 
1494, leaving iffue by Agnes, da: of John Bradborne, Hamfrey 
his fon and heir, married to Catherine, da : of Sir Robert Aftoo, 
Knt. whofe fon Philip Okover, married Elizabeth, 6th da : of 
Thomas Babington o( Dethick, Co. Derb. by whom he had ifToe 
Ralph, eldeft fon, married to Maude or Matilda, da : of Wm. 
Baflet of Blore, who left 3 daughters, £llen married to Thomas 
Taylor of Burton upon Trent ; Elizabeth, malrried to Nicholas 
Longford of Longford, Efq. and Dorothyi wife of Hamfrey 

Philip, the 2d fon of Philip, fucceeded his brother as heir- 
jnale, and married Margaret, da : of Wm. Dethick of Newhall, 
(Co. Derb.) whofe fole iffue Jane married Thomas, 2d fon ot 
Sir Thomas Cokayne, of Affiburn, Knt* and afterwards married 
Sii^ Anthony Affiley, Knt. and Baronet, by whom (he left iffue 
Anne, daughter and heir, married to Sir John Cooper, Baronet, 
who had iffue Anthony Cooper, fon and heir, (afterwards Earl 
of Shaftlbury.) 

Rowland Okover of London, 3d fon of Philip abovementfoned, 
noarried Sibilla, daughter of Henry White of Briffol, and lefc 
iffue Raufe, who fucceeded his uncle Philip, as next heir male, 
and married to a daughter of Richard Bagot of BIythfield, ia 
ScafFordftiire,— and 3 daughters. 

Arms. Quarterly ift and 4th ermine on a chief gus 3 be- 
zanrs or. 

2d. Party per pale, indented A. and S« (Atlm of Darbjjh.) 

• Harl. M6S. 1990, p. S7. 


Tour thro' f be MJland dunties. 317 

3d. Vert a bend lozengy tr 8 (Gryn of Derby,) 

Creft. A femi-wivern ermiDe laogued ga : iflTnlDg out of % 
coroner or.* 

" At Okeover^^* (fays Gough) " the cftate of the anticnt fa- 
mily ofQkeover, is a fqaare eatreQchment, called Hallfleds^ and 
certain lows and barrows in JrboUrclofe.f Thefe barrows, as 
moft others in this county, to mention it once for all, are of 
Aones piled op togetl^er. Dr. Plot would fain perfuade himfelf 
the earth was grown to ftone; but the truth is, the county 
abounds fo much in ftpne, that, without liaving recourfe to any 
peculiarity in nature or cuftom, one may eafily account for its 
t)>isirrows being of thj^c material preferably to any other. "^ 

Plott mentions that in his time there were the greateft variety 
of Houfe-garden fruits here, of any in the county, it then being 
the ancient fci^t or the worfliipful Rowland Oieover, Efq,^ 


From Oakover we pafled a bye*road partly thro' encloled lanes 
to Blore. Here was the feat of a branch of the ancient family of 
Bajfetu But nothing of the old manfion now remains, a fmall 
farm-houfe occupying its fcite. It now belongs to Mr. Shore of 
Norton^ near Sheffield^ who bought it of the family of Rivett, of 

The following is ErdfwicVs account. 

/* A little foqthward of the meeting of the rivers Manifold and 
Hans, is Blore» a goodly antient houfe and a parke, now the 
feate of the Baffets of StafFordftiire. XX°. of the Conqueror 
Edricus held it of Rob : de Stadford. And 33*^- H. Ill, Wil- 
liam de Blore, who had married Agnes, daughter to Petrus 
Thornton, Clericus Hugonis Comhis Ceftrix, was Lord of it. 

" William Blor.e had iflue by the faid Agnes, Clcmentia, 
married to William, younger fonne of Henry de Audeley and 

" Wm. de Audeley and dementia, ^(who had Blore and Crea- 
don for her portion,) had iiTue John Dns de Blore, who had ifllie 

*^ ViiitAUon o( Stslfordlhire, 15S3, 1614. Brit. Muf.Harl. MSS- 11739 

t Plot 440. 

t Cough's Additions to Camdco, Vol. II, p, 394. 

JP. ?»7. 


3 X ^ Tcur thro* the Midland CountUs. 

Win- Dns de Blore, who had iflue Allayne Lord of Blore, \rIio 
bad iffue Hugh Audley, Lord of Blore and Grendon io the htter 
cikI of Edward IFs tyme, whofe daughter or fifler, and heirc (as 
1 fuppofe,) was married ro John, the foone of Johu Baflett, or 
.dfe to Sir Henry Braylesford, Kut. and his daughter aod beire 
Joaoe, was married to Sir John BafTett, Kot, which Sir John 
Baflett was fonoe to the aforefaid Jobn^ foDoe of John ; and the 
firft of the(e three was fecond fonne of Raufe, (econd fonoe of 
mUlam Baffett, Juftice in Itinere, 22 Henry II."* &c. 

Pedigree ofBafetU 

Bot as this family of BafTett were fo very oumerons, it may be 
|iroper to give a general account of their relationfliip, before we 
give a particular detail of this branch. 

Thurflan a Normaa held five hides of land in Drayton, Co. 
Staff. io36, (20 Will. Conq.) and had iifucf 

Ralph BafTett, of Colfton, and Drayton, Lord Chief JaAtce 
•f England under Henry I. who made many good laws, and tit^at 
buried in the Chapter Houfe at Abingdon. He had iflue 

I. Thurftan Baflect, whofe grandfon Thurftan held five 
Knights Fees of ihe Honor of Wallingfbrd, under King Johot 
aod bad Clopton. 

II. Thomas Baflett (younger brother of Thurftan,) had iflbe, 
I. Gilbert, Baron of Htdindm^ who married Egeline, daughter 
of Reginald de Courtney, by whom he had iflue Euftachia, wife 
of Richard d^ CamviUe. (See p. 311.) 2. Thomas who had the 
Barony of Hedendon, and married Philip, d«iughter and heir of 
William de Malbanc^ by whom he had Thomas, Baroo of He* 
demlon, who died S. P. Philippa, (ifter and colieir, wife of 
Henry Newborough, Earl of Warwick ; Joan, wife of Regi« 
nald de ValUton^ and Ma^ wife of John Baffett her fecond 
hulband, who had iflue by her Martona^ wife of John de Ri- 
fariU\ Ella, wife of John JVatton, and Ifabel^ wife of Hugh 
de PlacetiSy mother of John de Placetis. 3. Alan Baffttt^ who 
by Alice had, i. William Baflett who held lands in Pilkington, 
in Oxfordfliire, by the gift of Henry IIL He married Ifabd, 
daughter^of William Ferrers, Earl of Derby. S. P. 2. Fulco 
Baflctty Bilhopof London, wlp died 44. Henry III. 3. Philip 

* £rdfvvick*s Staff. Karl. MSS. 1990, p. 8(. 
\ Arms^ Barry NebuUe of 6, C and 0« 


S^r thro^ the Midland CoUntUi. 3 r g 

JBaflctt, Biron of fPlcombe* io Bucks, and Lord Chief Juftic« 
cfEogland, married Hawife, daughter of John Grey, oflLaron, 
and left iflTue a daughter and heir ' Alice, wife of Hugh Le Def-^ 
penary Lord Chief Juflice of England, who wns flain at the bat- 
tle of Evejham 59 Henry III. 4. Thomas Baflett, without iffue* 
5. William, died 18 Hen. III. 6* Alice, wife of Sir John Sam* 
ford, Patron of the Priory of Blakmjre. 7. ' , ', wife of 
Drpgo de Montacute, widow of Talbot*t 

III. Richard, Lord of JVeldon, Co. Northton, who married 

IV. Nicholas, who held lands in Turkenden and clfcwhere of 
the Honor of Waliingford, and whofe fons forfeited all to King 
Henry II. 

V". l^hurftan Baflett. 

Richard Baflett, third fon before- mentioned, married Maud, 
daughter and heir of Sir Geffrey Ridell,f Lord of IVettering, and 
bad iflue, 

I. Geffrey, furnamed Rldgll^ Lord of TVetterlngy^ died 
18 Henry II. leaving iifue Hugh de Ridell, Lord of Wettering, 
whofe fon Richard, was father of Hugh de Ridel I, Lord of Wet- 
tering, who releafed to Ralph, Lord Bajfett^ of iVeldon^ all the 
right which he had unto lands which were lometime Richard 
Baflett's, and Geffrey Ridelfs his fon. 

II. Richard Baflitt, to whom his mother gave the Barony of 
Weldon.X Co, Northton^ i King John, 1199, father of Ralph, 
Lord Baflett, of Weldon, who died 42 Henry HI. father of 
Richard, Lord Baflr<i^t, of Weldon, who died 4 Edward I, fii- 
ther of Ralph, Lord Baflett, of Weldon, who died 20 Edward h 
father of Ralph, Lord Baflett, of Weldon, who died 1340, 15 
Edward III. father of Eleanor, wife of Sir John Knyvct, Lord 
Chancellor of England ; — of Joan, wife of Sir Thomas Aylefbiiry ; 
And of Ralph, Lord B. of Weldon, who died 42 Edward III. 
father of Ralph, Lord B. of W. father of Ralph, laft Lord 
BalFett, of Weldon, who died S. P. 1408, 10 Henry IV. 
>vhereupon the iflbe of his two great aunts, Elenor, (from 
whom the noble family of Knyvet defcended,) and Joan, Lady 
Jylejbury, became his coheirs. Sir Thomas AyIe(bury,fon of Joan, 
was father of Si/ Thomas, whofe daughter and coheir Ijabd^ 

• Arms of BuHct of Wiromhe. Barry nehjQ of I, /I, and B, 

•f- RiJell arms. O 3 piU^ , pointi me ting in A<i/>, furtcut a bfnd B. 

X Arms of Baffctc of Weldon- O. 3 piUs G. UtJut'e £ Jemt 9f 

S f married 

320 Tour thro* the AfiJland Countiei. 

married Sir Thomas Chaworth, (whence defcended Sir Georgfe 
Chaworth^ of JVherton, Co. Nott. Knt.) and Elcnor, the other 
coheir was wife of Humphrey Stafford, of Grafton, wheoce 
came the Stafford: of Blatherwick. 

in. Ralph BaflTeit, to whom his father gave Drayton,^ father 
of Ralph, Lord BafTctt, of Drayton, who held Coiefton of Geffrty 
de Ridcil, father of Ralph, Lord BaiTetC, of Drayton, flain at 
the battle of Evefham, 50 Henry III, father of Ralph, Lord 
Baflett, of Drayton, who died 27 Edward L father of Ralph, 
Lord B. of D, Knight of the Garter, who died 1342, 17 
Edward III, father of Sir Ralph, who died V. P. father of 
Ralph, laft Lord BafTett, of Drayton, who died ifTuelefs, (whofe 
Barony is now inherited by George^ Earl of Leicefler,) 

IV, William BafTett, of Sapcott,t who was Sheriff of War- 
wick under Henry I. and Juftice Itinerant of Lincoln, Notting- 
ham. Darby, Stafford, Warwick, and Northampton, ii75, 
22 Henry II, to whom Ofbertus Banevinus gave the Manor of 
Chedley Co. Staff. He had ifTue 

L Simon Lord Baffeit, of Sapcott* 

IL Ralph BaiTett, anceflor to thofe of Chedle and Bbn. 

Simon, Lord Baflett, of Sapcott, had ifl^ue Ralph, Lord B. 
of^Sapcotr, who was fummoned in 1266, 51 Henry Ilf, and was 
father of Robert, a younger fon, and of Simon, Lord B. of S. 
father of Ralph, Lord B. of S. living 1292, (2 Edward L) 
father of Simon, Lord B. of S. who died before 20 Edward Ilf, 
father oi Ralph, Ihfl Lord Baflett, of Sapcott, who died about 
2 Richard II. father of Alice, wife of Sir I^ Moton^ of PcntU- 
ton, whence came the Harringtons, and of Elizabeth, wife of 
Richard, Lord Grey, of Codnor^X 

Bajfetts of Chedle and Blore. 

Ralph, fecond fon of William, Lord Bajfett^ of Sapcott, was 
father of Robert, a younger fon, who held i2virgate terreia 
Nottinghamftiire, and Derbyfliire 1253, 38 Henry II L (and was 
father of Sir William of Nottingham, father of Sir William, She* 
riff of Co. Notr. and of John, temp. Edward I. who was father 
of Robert, 1359, 2^ Edward III. ot William, 13S9» and ■ 
a third fon.) And 

* Arm* of BalFctt of Drayton. O. 3 piUs G. a edition efm. 
t Arms* of BatFetc of Sapcocc. The diifcreoce of a canton v tare A^ 
and B. 
t All Lichcrto from Uarl. MSS. t4ti^f, 65, 46. 


Tour thro* the Midland Counties. 32 1 

Ralph BafTett (foD and heir of Ralph, fecond {on of William Ba- 
ron, of Sapcort.) to whom Ralph, Lord BafTett, of Sapcott^ (his 
firji coujin) gave 62 acres of land in Chedle to hold of hiu) by a 
fine, 1271, 56 Henry III. He had iflbe 

I. Sir Ralph BaOett, of Park Hill and Chedle, Knt. who la 
13 1 7, (II Edw. II,) gave all his land to Ralph his fon, who was 
o\ Park-hill ^tii Chedle ^VL&Vmug 1331, (6 £dw. Ill) without 

II. John Bajffett, of CheMe, 6 Edward II. who left ifTue 

Sir John Balfctt, of Chedle,\ Knt. 44 Edward 111,-6 Henry 

IV, who married Joan, daughter and heir of Sir Henry Brailefi 

ford^ Knt. by the iifter and heir of Hugh Audley^ Lord of Blore, 

and Grendon. By her he had ifTue (bcfides Edmund his fecond 

fon, who died S. P. 14^9, 8 Henry VI,) 

Rafe BafTett, of New-Place, (and Blore,) and after of Chedle^ 
9 Henry IV. who married Maud, daughter and heir of Thomas 
Beie,f and Alice his firft wife who died 9 Henry V. and had 

Ralph BafTett, of Chedle, and Bhre, and Grendon, who mar- 
ried Margaret, daughter and fole heir of Sir Reginald Dethiik, 
Knt. (fon of Wiliiam, Treafurer of England) by Thomafme his 
wife, daughter and coheir of Sir Hugh Meynill, Knt. (who was 
feifed of, the Manors of Langley^ Kingley, New-hall^ Hartif* 
home and Stanton, &c.t) She afterwards remarried Nicolas 
Montgomery, fon of Sir Nicholas Montgomery, Knt. and died ' 
1466. By her fird hulband (he had iflfue Ciceley, wife of Hugh 
Erdfwicjc, (fon of Henry,) and 

* Ralph BafTett, of Sapcoit, Knt. John BaiTctt, oi Cbedle, 
Knt. the hei bage of his Park SLtCheM^, 48 Edward fU. In 3 Rich. II. 
ihis Sir John feals with the piles and canton charged with a grijffin. 

•f; 7 o a charter of Sir Thomas Bccke, Knt. dated at ^ew-Place, in the 
Pari(h oF Dullarde, 9 Ricluird II. is his fcal,a crofs ermine, as alfo to ;iDOther 
of Sir Thomas Bcckc, Kot. and Agn«s his wife, 2 Ricliard II. 

t The other coheirs were 1. Joan, wife firft of John dc Staunton, from 
whom came the SJiirleys, and fecond ly of Clinton, from whom defcend, thro' 
the Fraunces^s, Sir Rohert Burdett, and the Fitzherberts of 'fijjingtoni 
which Joan had for her (hare 5/<2//n/on-Hflro/^, TiJ/ington, and Upton, &c. 
H. Margaret, wife of John Detinck, broihtr of Reginald, who had to her 
part. New hall, Harijborne, will) the advowfon, and i^t anion- Ward, From 
this lady dcfcended the Dethicks, of Hartijbprn, for the laft of whom there 
is an handfome altar-tomb in that church, 

Thomafinc Dethick carried Langley, &c. to her defccndants the RaffeSH, 
Sir Hugh Meynili conveyed this'to his fon Kichard, bv deed dftCcd 33 "Edw. 
ill. His feal, Vaiid A. and ^.-^See Hurtotfs Leic. 66--za8. 

S f 3t WiUiaiA 

3a2 Tpur thro* the AdSJland Counties ^ 

WiUiain BafTett, of CheJle, Blore, and Greodon, aod of 
Lan^lcy, Co. Derb. 34 Henry VI. who was father of 
* William Baflert, ShciifF of Co. Staff. 6 Edward IV, who 
died Nov. j2, 1498, He married Joaa; daughter and coheir of 
Richard Byron, fon of Sir John, and had ifluc by her 
John BafTett eldeft fon, who married Eleaor, daughter and 
heir of Sir John Alton, S. P. — Ralph third fon, who married 
Elenor, daughter of Hugh Egerton^ of Wrinehill, and had 
Margaret his daughter and heir, wife of Sh- Ralph Egcrton, of 
Ridley, (grandfather Of JLord Chancellor JSgerton.) — Nicholas 
Baffett, fourth fon, who married Elenor, daughter of Sir NicoIa$ 
Montgomery^ S, P. 1492« — And, 

William Baflett, oJF Langley and Blore^ (fecond but eldeft fur- 
viving fon,) who in 21 Henry VII. gave lands to Rocefter Abbcy^ 
for the fouls of William his father, and Joan his mother. He 
married Elizabech, daughter cf .Thomas ^v^r^Z^ the younger, 
of I hrowley, (remarried' to Hcnrf Colcyne,) by whom he had 
Thomas, father of Thonnas BaJJett^ of Hinges, in Staflbrdfliirey 
(who married the daughter of Cbetivind 1583,) and 

Sir William BaHett, of Blore^ Grendon^ and Langley^ (bis fon 
and heir) who married, i, Anne, daughter of Sir Thomas Co- 
kayne^ of A(hburne, Co. Derby, Knt. and %A\j, Ifabel, daugh- 
ter and heir of Sir Richard Cotton, by his third wife Helen, 
daughter of Thomas Littleton, by whom was Maud, wife of Ralpti 
Oakovery of Qakover, but by his firft wife he had Margaret. 
wife of Richard Copwood, of Tokridge ; — Thomas Baffeit, (who 
married Helen, daugtu^r of Cotes, of TVodcote, Co. S-dop^ an4 
was father of Thomas Baffitt, of Tald, Co. Staffl living 
1583,) and 

William BafTctt of Blore Grendon and Langley', (his fon an4 
heir) who married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Anthony Fitzber^ 
^ert of Norhuryy Kt. and had ifTue 

William Baiiett of Blore and Langley, living 1588, who mar- 
ried Judith, daughter of Thomas Q/?^« of Oxley, in Stafford- 
finre^^ hfq. (w doVv of William Bgothhy,* aticeftor of the Booihbys, 
of Broadlow JJ})y &c. Baronets and after her fecond hufband's 
death, remarried to Sir Richard Corbett) by whom he had iflue % 

* She was the maker of the fortune of the Bo^tUys. Sec WoitoiCs littk 
X Crtlt*— A hoar's head id'jJrp out of a Marquis's coronet. 
Mono,— /n Bjferaa^i D^Jvcir.** V u. Cu. StalJ. ut fupr. ilarl. MiT. 1175- 


, Tiur tbrQ' tb^ Midland C$unt!if, 311 

EHzabclb, his fole daughter aod heir, firft married to Hon. 
Heory Howard , a younger fon of the Earl of Suffolk ; and 2d]y* 
to Sir Williani Cavendijb, K. B. afterwards Adarquis aod Duke 
oi NewcqftUf to whom (he broaghc this eftate, and of whofe 
children (he was mother. The Duke's ad wife, who wrote his 
life, fays *^ that when he was 22 years old, his mother was de- 
/irous that he (hould marry, in obedience to whoTe commands, 
he chofe a wife, both to his own, good liking, and his mother's 
approving, who was daughter and heir to fVilliam Baffin of 
Blorcj Elq» a very honourable and ancient family in Staffordjhire^ 
by whom was added a great fart to bis tjlate. 

The eftate this lady brought to her hufband was thus rated 
in 1641, in the Particular of tbe JOukis eftates, p. 98, of thf 
Pucbefs's life. 


£. s, d. 
The Manor of Blore witb Cauldon^ " - • - 573 13 4 
The Manor of Grendon^ Cauldon with Waterfall ^ 822 3 p 
Thf Manor of Chedle with Kingjley^ - - - 259 18 o 
^be Manor of Barlefton^ - « . ^ • • 694 3 o 


' Qhurcb afid Meynelt^Langlej Manor.^ r ' 850 i 6^ 

^.3199 18 4 


Tbe man(ion was fhndiog Aug. 10, 1662; foremen the foU 
lowing heraldrical notes were taken there.f 

In the great Cbamber^wlndow thefe arms. 

IBaflett of Drayton. 1 g) rMeynell. Vaire 
Ba(rett of Blore, quarter- ( '-§ I A. and S» quartering 
ing. G. a crofs erm* I a 1 '^* ^ ^^^^ ramp. S.-* 
J.S VEverdon. 

* Thefe eftates are fele^ed from the whole rencaf (which amoants 19 
jC.ax393 10/. id.) as notoriot(/jf part of the Bajfett tfiate^ perhaps much 
inore belonged to it. 

+ Copied from the Vifitation of 5/r William DugdctUf now remaining in 
^hc Coifege bf Artju, whofp liberal comtn,unications demand peculiar ac- 

' ' Baflclt 

524. '^*«'' *^^^^ '*' Midland Counihsl 

Baflctt of Bl9rc quartering all the above coats, impaling 3 lions 
ramp. Fit%herbert of Tijfmgton^ quaitcring, Fair} a chief— Fitz^ 
berbtrt of Norbury. 

In a lodging Chamber-^window* 

Bajfett of Blore^ quartering Meynill^ Everdon and Beke^ im» 
paliag A. a lioQ ramp. S. overall, a fefle compoDe O. aud B. 

Upon an old hanging in the Chamber^ 

A. 2 bars G, in chief 3 cinqaefoils S. 

In a Window near the Kitchen, 

B. a fprcad eagle A. 

In the Pantry IPSndow. 

Baflctt of Blore quartering Meynill, Everdon and Beke, im^ 
faHngy'si fpread eagle,, quartering 2d. G. 3 fwords erefl: O. 
3d. 3 martlets. 4 th. B. 2 bars A. ' 

T3&^ Church. 

We examined the ^Jiiirch,_ which is fmall, the omftde mean. 
*nd the infide by ncgleft brought nearly to the fame flatc, tho* 
the memorials of the BaflTctts, which arc now going faft to decay 
roiift once have been a great ornament. A few broken fragl 
mcQts of painted arms alone arc now remaining in the wiado\i^ 
tbo' in 1662, there were*- * . T»t 

In the Eajl tvindot9. 

Stafford. O. a chevron G. 
Bafett of Blore. 

Baffistt of Blore (with a canton erm.) and quarterings as 

The fame impaling Cokayne, 3 cocks^ quartering A 2 bars Vfrt. 

At the bottom of this Window^ this Infcription in the glafs. 

•* flDrate pui bona ttatu MlilKelmf Baffett afrmCfferf et 
^fttteurori0 ejus, qui iftain teneacam fieri feccrunt, et lOam 
CaaceUariam reeWficaberunt anno 2Dpmmf ^HDjC^jf /'' 

• Vifiution-Book in the Qatege ofArmi beforcmentioncd. 

^ In 

T9ur thro' the Midland Countiei. ji^ 

In a fouth Window of the ChanceL 

Baflett of Blorc. 

Baflctt of Blore (canton erm.) quartcriDg Beke. 

Cokayn quartering the two bars. 

In another South TVindow of the ChanceL 

Baflctt of Blorc impaling B. a fpread eagle O. 

Cokayqe with his quartering. 

Firzhcrbcrt of Norbury impaling Cotton with quartcrings. 

In the fame foath window was the pifturc of the beforc-fpecificJ 
fVilliam Bajfett iQ his furcoat of arms, with the arms of Coiayne 
quartered with Herthull on her mantle, kneeling before a cruci- 
fix ; and below them the fame infcripiion as in the eaft window. 

At the top of the Eafl Window of the North lU. 

Bafleft of Blore. 

The fame quartering Beke* 

A. a griffin fcgreant S. — qu. Meverell? 

' At the bottom of this eaft window wat tlie piflure of William 
Bajfett, Efq. and Joan, his wife ; he in his furcoat of arms, and 
(he with the arms of Biron on her mantle, both kneeling before 
Sir jyilUam, with this fcroli on their lips : 

" S> Canite (KllilUtlme, ora pro nu^" 

On a flat ftonc of marble lying in the north ile, whereon were 
the portraitures in brafs of a man, and his wife, there are Jlill, 
the remains of this infcription. 

*' flDrate pro andnabusf aiimiclmi Saffttt armigerf. 
SDomim De blow it ILanglep ct Joanne* iiwrfeefutfunfutf 
filiarum ti IjercDum IRicaubt ©urpn armiffert filii et Ije» 
reDfe 3lo|)anni£ ©urpn a^ilititf. )©m quiDcm aoimiet 

WJ^S'Xtf JJLi^^ ^^"^^^^ ^^^* ^^^^^ SDnf a^HUmo 
2D?L3l^5e3e3£2Ul3ia, " pattern Joanna obiit We mcnO^ 
ano iDiii quorum ammabujs propu 

tietur SDnijS, amen/' *^ 

• The MS. fays Margeut. 


I26 Tour thro^ the Midland Qutaids. 

On this are tbefe three Efcutcheons. 

BaflTctt of Blorc impaling Buryn, 
The fame quartering Bckc. 

Buryn—2 ^''^^* 

But in this north ile, at the upper end, railed off by itfelf, i^ 
a moft noble monument to the laft male of the family. It is a 
large altar- tomb of ftatuary marble^ whereon arc recumbent thrtt 
fizurei ;— the two outer ones, a gentleman in armour, on a mat- 
trafs, and a lady in the drefs of the times; in the middle, 001 
flabraifed about a foot above them, another figure recumbeniof 
an older man In armour, his own hair, &c. — ^^Two ladies arc 
kneeling agalnft the heads of the two lower figures, both in beau- 
\ii\x\ ?iovi\tig Vandyke AxtSks, with girdles, pointed handkerchief!, 
and eafy veils over their hair 5 one, young and beautiful, the 
other oldpr* At each end, above the furfece of the tomb, pillars 
and rails acrofs, upon which were (hiqlds of the arms rf the 

This beautiful monument is now much neglefled, many of the 
arms, and other ornaments broken off, and lying fcattered npon 
Uic floor, and on the windows. But what is mil more mdaa. 
^holy, the facred vault, that holds the afties of the noble parties 
commemorated, is left dpen ;— open to the prying impertinence 
of idle curiofity, and the wor fe infults of the vulgar, the thought- 
lefs, and the hard-hearted. It was with different fentimeDis that 
I approached the awefal fpot. I paffed the yawning tomb with 
Uembling feer, and averted eyes, yet found my mind fo oppreffed 
by the negleft and humiliation fuffered by the bones below, 
that. I could but ill attend to the vain memorials of them cxlfliog 

The only Infcriptlon on this tomb, is the following memorial 

in very moderate verfe. „ „ ,^ ^„ ^, 


Here lyes a Courtier, Souldier, handfomc, good, 
Witty, wife, valiant, and of pure blood 
From William's Cooqueft, and his potent fword. 
In the fame lyne (full) many a noble Lord, 
That lime hath loft in paying thus Death's debt 
In this unparalleird William Baffett, 
But thy high virtues with thy aniicnt name, 
Shall ever fwell the cheeks of glorious fame.* 

• See Dugd. Ancient Vfage of Anm^-^. 19— »3« 




- A Variety of Original Articles^ 





For JUNE, 1790. 
Being the Vlth and laft Number of Vol* IL 


Journal of a Tour thro' Weft- y 
xnorcUnd and Cumberland, 
p. 329 

Account of Burfordy Oxfojd* 
fhircy 34.8 

Epicaphi at Hinton St. George, 354. 

wednelbury, Stafford ihire» 356 

Account of the Round Church, 
Cambridge, 359 

Church Notes from Waterperry, 
Co. Ox. 36a 

Do.fromMiddle ClaydoA^Bucks, 365 
Mtfcellaneous Epitaphs, 369 

Account, of Tawftock, Devon- 
. fliire, 371 

Account of Horflieath, Cam- 

bridgeihire, 374, 

Lydford, Devonfiiire, 37S 

Singing Sam of Derbyibire, 384 
Catalogue of Paintings, ibid. 

Review of Cough's Canoden, 388 

Antiquities in Lincolnihire, 390 

EmbeUifiied with an elegaqt Engraving of the Round Church 
at Ca^abridge, and gn Etching df Singing Sam of Der* 



Printed for R o b s o n. New Bond Street, J. Walkbr, Pater- 
nofler Row ; and C. Stalkbx, Stationers Court, Ludgate 
Street ; oL whom may be had Vol. I. now complete, withTwclye 
Engravings/ and a copious ladcXy or.any fingle Numbers. 



For JUNE, 1790* . 

Being Number VI. of Vol. II. 

Art. h Journal 0/ a Tour through Wtflnuirtland and Cumbers 
laud, l^-c. 

Kendal, Auguji %$, 1786. 
My dear Frieocl» 
T COPIRD the greater part of my Dcrbyfliirc tour at B 1 ■ ! » 
^ but being little fatisfied with it, aad the engagements of the af«> 
fizeweek coming on, I left it nnfinifti'd. This is now the fourth 
creoing fince we left B ' . I peffevet-'d in my refolution of 

not recordiog for three days ; but a fine funny afternoon, and a 
foCtary walk by the river this evening have forced me to break 
ft ; fo if the fit of fcribbGng holds, you will have jou,rnals without 
end. You fee how much I write to you, and believe me» I 
think of yoQ more % yet why, my dear friend, have I not heard 
*froin you. 

Our party confifts of Mr. and Mrs. B ■ ■ rfB Honfe, 

MifsO Sfterof Mrs.B , Charles, their eldeft fon, a 

Weftminftcr boy of thirteen, Mr. Thomas B ^ and myfelf. 

The ladies have a phaeton driven by the poftillion, Mr. B 

and his fon, horfes, my friend and I a kind of whi(key with 
ihree wheels ; fo we change about as foits our inclination. 

We pafled into Wcftmoreland through the eounty of Durham, 
but as it is impoflibie for me now to give an account of our three 
firft days, 1 muft begin with this morning* ' 

T t Wc 

33^ yournal of a Tour thro^ tf^efimoteland 

We left Kirby Stephen at nine o'clock j Kirby Stepheo is i 
neat little town in a rich valley, watered by the rWer Eden, and 
furrounded with thefe lofty feilsy that are often higher than the 
clouds. Travelled four miles over the fells, covered with heath, 
without a tree or houfe, except a few Hiepherd's huts, -to Ravcn- 
ftone dale» On the fide of the hill at a diflance were a number of 
tents pitched by Lord Lonfdale, who is here with a party» (hoot- 
ing; moorgame. Lord Lonfdale, Lord Thanet, 'and Sir Phiiip 
Mufgrave are the principal proprietors df the country aroond us. 
Ai RavenAone dale we pafled a corner of the village, and iaw 
many poor women very clean and healthy walking about, knitting 
ilockings, the employment of all the poor in this country. One 
of them, eighty years old, told us the air was exceflively cold in 
winter, tho* to us, who were juft come off the fells in a fine grey 
day, it was foft and balmy. From hence thit>ugh Langdale, 
named from the river Lang or Lune, and one or two other little 
hamlets about nine miles to Burrow Bridge. Innumerable littk 
rills defcend every where from the fells even at this feafoo, and 
the channels of many more and larger are vifible on their fides^ 
Many of thefe united form the little ftream of Burrow Bridge, 
which was formerly paiTable only by horfes^ but fince the fum- 
pike-road has been made, a larger bridge has been built within 
ti very few yards of the old one^ that is ftill ftanding. The 
chani^l of the river is narrow, its fides fleep and rocky, and an* 
der thefe two arches it fulls with great rapidity over the loofe 
fragments that hzTve (hivered from its banks. This is the fir ft 
natural cafcadc that I ever faw. The Inn, a very fmall one, is 
about a mile diftantfrom the bridge; here we dined on excellent 
roaft beef, with cold ham, and moor-game pye. Walked afto- 
dinner in a little wood of afh and alder by the fide of the brook, 
and gathered rafberries growing wild out of the rock. 

Leaving Butrow Bridge, we afcended a long hill, and found the 
country on the other fide entirely different from what we bad 
left* The dales we pafTed in the morning were poor and narrow, 
and it was the middle of hay feafon. We now faw before us a 
rich and extenfive valley, covered with woods, and fields of corn, 
ibme cut and fome ftanding, interfered with ftreams, and fur- 
rounded with hills rifing nobly at a diftance. At the fame time 
the Sun, which we had fcarce feen the whole day, fhone forth in 
a(l his glory^ illuminating the meadows, reflc£led by the brooks, 
and giving double flcengch t^ihe' dark gloom of the mountains in 
ibe back ground. ^ 


and Cumberland^ i^c. 331 

' Angaft 26. The raio this moroiog prevented us from feeiog 
the Caftle at feodal, which docs not indeed promife much at a 
cHftant view» and 'tho fiiuate on the top of a fine hill, is rendered 
little and unimportant by the foperior height of the hills around 
it. As foon as the rain began to abate we fet out for Ulverfton, 
but the mift was fo thick* we faw nothing for about two miles, 
till we began to defcend Underbarrovnr Scar. The iky was then 
clearing up, and the canopy of vapours afcending before qs, dif- 
covered the (harp fummits of the oppofite hills. The defcent of 
Underbarrow Scar is very fieep, and the road winds perpetually 
at fhort turnings amid large fragments of cragged rocks. Pafled 
aibout four miles over what is called a' valley, but is in reality a 
collection of knowles and hillocks, where all the appearances of 
nature are thrown together in the wllded confufion.. Rocks naked 
and (harp, or covered with mofs and heath, meadows and com 
lields, fruit trees and cottages, woods and rills, gleams of fun| 
ffaine, and mafles of (hade. Entered Lancafhire, and began to 
afcend Cartmel fells. After an afcent of two miles, very deep, 
and except one (hort turning, very ftrait, caught a fine view of 
the river Ken, encreafed, fince it left Kendal, to a very extra- 
ordinary width : the oppofite (hores lofty, and in general covered 
vrithwood; at a diftance the fea, and (hips failing. The fun 
DOW (hone with coniiderable brightnefs, and as foon as we began 
to defceod, we faw Windermere (tretching under the hill to the 
right with increaiing breadth, yet do where in our prefent view 
more thaii half a mile wide (much narrower than the river Ken) 
and contrading itrelf in the left, till it afTumes the name of the 
river ^Newby. The oppodte banks anfwer exaQly to the de- 
fcription which Gray has given of the other end, fo confult him. 
Windermere is about twelve miles in length, but winds fo much 
that the whole can no where be feen; and not more than one 
mile in width ; yet this is the wideft of all the lakes except Der* 
went. This we all knew well enough ; yet we were a little dif- 
appointed with the width (not the leail with the fcenery) for 
imagination cannot eafily be reflrained from its old trick of mag* 
nifying. Dined at Newby bridge, twelve miles from Kendal ; a 
very fweet fpot^ the river clear as glafs, the hills floping, co» 
vered with low wood, and not fo much of their height feen a^ tq 
§cudcf the water an unimportant objeft. 

* O; rather Lcven, I bclicrc* 

T t :^ 

3J* Journal (fa Tiirr iM U^ejhnnkmd 

Left ^ewby Bridge in a mifty afterfiooD, and pafled ofier 
Fornefs fells, a wild fccne, co?ered with low wood* for the wood 
is cut down almoft throughout the country efery fifteen years to 
make charcoal for the ir<m furnaces : the tops of fome of the 
hills were vifible, others were wrapped iu vapours. Had the 
weather been clear, and the tide in, we ihould have had a gk>i 
nous proipef^ ar Penay^bridge ; but it was low water and the 
miUs thickened into rain, fo we haftened on to Ulrerfton, with 
the cliiFon oae fjde, and a moor on the other, equally invilible. 
Auguil 27. Went one mile along the valley to CooKbead 
Priory, the feat of Mr. Braddyle, Akmber for Lancafter ia the 
lail Parliament. 1 he Braddyle? are an ancient Laocafliire fiimh 
ly. Conifhead came inio thcii paffeffion about three gcneratioDi 
partby the heircFs of the Duddiogs; the prefent Mr. Braddyle 
bears fifteen quafrcrings. There are no reroainv of the oU 
Pnory; the preiuit houfe is neat and comfortable; bet he refida 
here very liitle. The pleafure-grounds are well wooded, finely fwd- 
lingand^varied. I he - lews erery where terminated by lofry fells 
at adiftance, except to i:.t fo»th-weft, wbeie the profpef^ opcBi 
over Leven Sands to Laucaftcr, with Ir.jjlcborough, (in Yorkfhire) 
for a back ground But '><i> was almoft loft tu u% for the day 
was mifty, and the tide out. We waited half an h^ur for the 
gardener, u ho had noihing to fay when he C4me» having liied 
here but a (hort time. Returned to Ulveriloo.. and went five 
miles over a road, red as vi rmilUon, to Dalton : irom hence the 
keeper of the public houfe, an intelligent man, couaufbed us 
about a mile to the ruins of Furnefs Abbey, ff^. Author of 
out g!):de to the lakes, had beftowcd upon it all his choiceftex- 
prei^ofi^ of magnificence, and grandeur; fo we were fadly dif* 
appointed. This Abbey was founded by King Stephen; it 
ftands in a narrow valley, over-hung with wood; the remains 
are great but not pi£lurefque, nnd we wanted fun to fee them to 
advantage. Here is a large farm hoofc in excellent repair; bet 
the remairs of the abbey are left to time and the weather^ It is 
part of an eftate belonging to Lord Gtorge Cavendi(h, who has 
never ralied his rents fince it came to him from old Sir James 
Louther. The Dake'of Montague is. Lord of the manor of Lpv 
Furnefs in right of the late Duchefs, and pofleflcs very valuable 
eftates in the iron mines, which fuppiy almoft the whole kiog-r 
dom. Afcended a deep hill on which was formerly a beacon, 
from whence is a aoft extenfive view of the country all roand. 
To the ealV, the felfs of Cumberland cnv^lop'd in mift : to tbc 


mid CunAerkmd^ tic. 3^ 

footh, the riTcr Lereb now fall, and Cartmel fells: Farther ofF^ 
Lancafter, logleborough, the coaft of North Wales, and the 
Ifle of Man may be feeo on a clear day, but were now invifibks 
To the weft, Feell Ifland and Caftle, a fine obje^l, plainly feeo, 
with the Ifle of Walney, ten miles long, and one broad, fbips . 
(ailing on the other fide, and fome other fmall iflands. To the 
north, another arm of the fea called Dnddon Sande : fo that at 
the tide was now up, we had the fea on three parts of the view* 
Returned to dinner at Dalton. It was Sunday, and the houfe 
was filled with people from Scotland and Ireland, who come to 
the harveft, and are hired weekly: they were as noify as at an 
eledion; but this inconvenience was well repaid^ by the number 
of beautiful girls neatly drefled, that we faw every where on the 
road. Return*d to Ulverfton in a fevere fliower; the borfemeft 
wet through. This country lying out of the way, is feldom 
▼ifitcd by thofe, who make the tour of the lakes, and it has not 
altogether anfwer'd to us : but that perhaps is partly owing ta 
the dulnefs of the weather. The air is here very foft and ihild, 
far different from the eaftern coaft about Neweaftie, tho' lyin(( 
very little to the north of Furnefs. 

Auguft 28* Left Ulverfton early in the morning; on the way 
to Penny Bridge,* ftopp'd at an inn, fmelting houfe and furnace, 
through which we were conduced by an old man, who might 
have (at for the pidlureof Vulcan. At Penny Bridge walk'd up 
a fteep hill planted with flr, in the grounds of Mr. Fenny. The 
tide was juft inrn'd, but the rcfleAion of the fun- beams gave tgr 
the fands the appearance of water, fo that this view of the oceao 
flowing filently in between lofty mountains, promontories of hangt 
jng wood, and little jutting endofur^ of corn, was truly noble. 
After breakfaft paflTed through a cheerful valley near the banks 
of the Crake, to the foot of Conifton Water. Gontfion Water it 
liK miles long, about three quarters of a mile broad, and nearly 
ftrait, with one little ifland of wood, about two miles from the 
foot. The road narrow, rough, and not without danger, runs 
by the eaft fide of the lake, fometimes clofe to the water edge, 
at other times fecluded firom the water by narrow glades pf trees. 
Above the road is a fteep afcent of rock almoft without vegeta* 
4ion; the oppofite fide is more floping and cultivated ; hut lofty 
bills of flupelefs fornns rife above each other qi^ite tip to the hea4 

* There is another and nearer roid from Ulverfton to Conifton- Water, 
l^nt we cbo& tp retura to P^nny Bridge, for the fake of the vieWf 


J34 Journal of a Tour in Wiftnmland 

of the lake. Some of thefc were envclop'd in dark mid, others 
iUam'mated by traolient rays of fun^fliiQe. The furface of the 
water was ruffled by a ftroog wind, and blacken 'd by the dopds 
that pafled over, except where a feW gleams of filver /hoc rapidly 
•aoTs it, Turn'd out of the road at the upper end of the Jake 
to Water Head, a houfe belonging to Mr. Parker, fitoate among 
fine fwelling woods with craggy rocks over- hanging them. Hence 
you hare a view down the lake to the woody iQand, with Furnefs 
fells in the back ground. While we were here a violent Aorm 
of rain came on, A> we left the lake in darknefs and tempeft, and 
crofs'd over the fell to Hawke(heady a neat little town, on tbe fide 
of the hill. 

After dinner pafs*d three miles along the valley by the margin, 
of Eflhwaite water, a fmall lake two miles long, and not qaite 
half a mile wide, fpotced with two or three little iflands croiYo'd 
with wood. The hills on the oppofite fide fmootb, flopiog, 
and cnltivated: nothing cragged or barren to be (een. We 
wifh'd this fweet fcene longer, but croffing the hill foon forgot it 
IP contemplating Windermere. Climbing a little way up the rock, 
on the fide of the road, jufi above the horfe-ferry, (one of tbe 
ftatioQS pointed out by * Weft,) we faw the lake fwelling on each 
hand, with all its iflands, fix or fcven in nntnber. On the largeft 
is Mr. Chriftian^s houfe, by no means a principal objefl bere, 
ib we did not quarrel with it tnuch. Not a breath of air moved 
the furface of the water. The oppofite (hore forms feveral pro- 
montories and bays; woods, meadows, corn-fields and cotbges» 
rife half way up the hill, which fwelis above them in a bold and 
manly outline: fome parts of thefe were gilded by the fetting fun, 
others were covered with a fine grey vapour, of inexprefiiblo 
fofcnefs. The calm and fercnc majcfty of this fcene form'd a fine 
contraft to the wildncfs of Conifton in the morning: but by tbe 
time we had crols'd the water, and while we were waiting for 
the horfes, a ftrong breeze fprung up from the north eafi:, the 
iun was funk behind the mountains, and dark clouds fcoul'd over 
the lake. We flept at Bownefs, a little village near the ferry, 
but the houfe was too fmall to hold us without fome inconveni- 

Auguft 29. Went after breakfaft to tbe top of the hill above 
Bownefs; part of the way carriage road, the reft good walking. 

• Any pcrfon who can have the patience to read Weft's book, without 
bclciving a Avorcl he (ays about grandeur and immcnrity, will find his ac- 
poua( in vificing the dacions, he points out. 


and Cumberland^ ^ f . « 3 j^ 

Both ends of the lake are feen from this flafioD^ and in a dear 
day, all the furroundiDg moontains; but at prefent the tops of 
many were entirely conceal'd by cloads. Conifton fells however 
wttc plainly feen before us : Hard- Knot and Wry-Nofe juft dif- 
Cerned through the mid; and coming round to the right, Lang-^ 
dale Pikes, Rydal Head, and Hill Bell.* To the left, Furocfs 
and Cartmcl fells with the fea ; and behind us, Ingleboroogh 
trapped in gfey vapour. But from all ftations fb elevated as 
this, too many objeAs are feen to be combined into one regular 
whole, and the waters are diminifhed to a difproportion with 
the furrounding hills. So we defcended with little regret, and 
crofTed in a boat to Chriftian's tfland. This was formerly co- 
verd with wood, which the late Mr. Engliih cut down, and 
built a circular houfe of white ftone, with an Ionic Portico. Somf 
alterations have been made in the difpofition of the grounds by 
their prefent pofleflfor Mr. Chriflian, under the dire^ion of Mr^ 
Wright, of YorkChire. The iOand, if meafured with all it'a 
windings is about two miles in circuit, commanding views of the 
lake in endlefs variety, every one ruined by the want of a corref- 
ponding fdre-gronnd. A fine gravel walk runs every where at 
the diihnce of about two yards horn the edge of the water, from 
which it is feparated by a grafs walk, cloTe mowed and rolled, 
and (luck with a few (hrubs. The fwelling ground within is 
uniformly planted with garden trees; all the rocks have been 
blown^up and removed. Only five or fix old trees remain hang- 
ing over the margin of the water, to (hew what the place mighc 
have been. Rowed along the weftern (hore toward the oorth end 
of the lake, where the water is wideft, the hills moft richly 
cultivated, and the outline of the furrounding mountains, moft 
bold and plAurefque. Unfortunntely the fun was almoft entirely 
obfcured ; the furface of the water was therefore dark^ yet dear 
and (hining. 

Dined at Low- Wood I tin on the ea(tem (ide, about a mile 
from the bead of the lake. We propofed to have gone iq the 
afternoQn in a boat to the^ppofite (ide to feo the fun fet on the 
eaflern bills, but a heavy ftorm of rain and wind coofioed us to 
the houTe. I walked out about nine 10 the evening, but the 
fublimity of the fcene wasentfrely gone. 'All objcftsof (ight 
*were inviiible, and the found of the waves was nothing to ooe, 

* All thefe mounfains are at a grea: diflancc, and overlook the fells, 
that border upoo the lake« 

V who 

5^6 Journal of a Tour ihro' Wojimnhmi 

^<y had Itdcned to them on the beich ilt Dover. The Came 
of Long B , who is the ioAraftor of Mr. B *s chil- 
dren was born near Windermere. Mr. B fent a mellagt 

Icxhis father, who walked feven miles to breakfaft with as, and 
ftayed the whole day. He has a little eftate in this coancry, is 
fe?enty fix years old, and has been to no greater diflance than Ken- 
dal or CarliOe. He was educated at one of the grammar fcboob 
of the county, is a very fenfible intelligent man, and poflefles a 
dignified fimplictty of manners, exaftly correfponding unth the 
charader of the fcenes, in which He has Tpent bis life*. 

Anguft 30. Very hard rain till about ten o'clock.: the clouds 
then l^gan to feparate, and from the fummer houfe in the garden 
We faw the (ky gradually clear up% Before us lay the lake, curled 
3vith innutnerable white waves, a full mile in width, and eodii^ 
in a fine femicircular bay. At the head of this, in an^opening of 
jthe fells, rofe a large round hill, entirely cloathed with wood» 
and behind that, Langdale Pikes, two bfty rocks, (harp and 
naked. The clouds moved fofwiftly, that the, colouring of the 
piAure was perpetually v^ied, and (able and Clver followed each 
other in rapid fucceffion. 

We took this opportunity to fet out for Kefwick, and paffiag 
through Amblefide, came four miles by a gentle afcent (haded 
with wood to Rydal Hall, Sir Michael Le FIeming*s« This is a 
jfmall old houfe, covered with rough caft fo white, that it may 
be faid without a figure, to hurt the eyes. It ftaads between two 
and three Araight miles from Windefmere, dire£lly facing the lake* 
The ground before it is a very gentle flope, principally of mea- 
dows, now in their brighteft green, but interfperfed with (mail 
^plantations of fine trees: the hills on each fide covered with 
banging woods, and the lake retiring backward to a great dif- 
tance, endofcd with lofty rocks. The pleafure of this profpeft 
is encreafed by the found of two or three invifible rills, rufhing 
down the rock behind; and the cawing of a large rookery on 
"the left hand* From hence a little girl conduced us, round tha 
houfe, by a winding path through a kind of rude plantation to 
a -fmall ruftic houfe of grey (lone uncemented« The moment 
the door is pufhed open, you fee through the window before 
you, a cafcade that appears to have been formed by the hand 
of a fairy. Two dark coloured rock?^ half covered With mo&» 
With a few little flirubs growing out of their fides, contraft 
themfelves to a narrow point : down this the principal fircam 
falis, aboMt eight foot) another fmaller rillguflics out by it's 
^ fide 

and Cumberland, (^c^ 337 

fide* and Joins it in the bafon belorw.* The rock above is eo- 
tirefy cloathed with floe hazel and a(h, and at a little diftance is 
a fmall rude bridge of ooe arch, through which the brook pafles 
in its way to the fell. A gentle breeze waved the branches above, 
and ^he golden beams of the fun quivered through the leaves. 

Walked up the hill above the houfe by a path cut in the rock 
through the wood, the ftream falling^own on the left hand all 
the way, to another cafcade much larger than that which we had 
lefty perfeAly wild and natural, but, we thought, lefs piftu- 

^ Sir Michael refides very little in this enchanting fcenci which 
we all thought fo enviable, and quitted with fo much regret ; 
for here we found all, and more than all, that Virgil has afcribed 
to his Italian retreats ; 

IFic fecura quies, et nefcia fallere vita, 
Spduncfie, vivique lacus ; hie frigida Tem^pe, 
Mugttufque boflm. ^ 


Keturning into the road, and eroding a hill, we came to Ry* 
dal water, a beautiful little lake, with a fine tufted iQand,, em- 
bofomod in the mountains. Faffing this, and eroding another 
hill, we came to Grafmere Water, which Gray,' who vlfi ted it 
from Kefwick on the way to Amblefide, has defcribed with the 
greateft truth and beauty. Turn'd out of the road to the village, 
where we got an excellent repaft of bread and butter, and then 
walked down to the head of the lake. Here, as well as at Rydal 
Water, we wi(hed for fun, without which thefe fofter fcencs lofe 
half their beauty ; but we had only a few tranfient gleams that 
foon haftened up the crag on the pppoHte fide. A very hard 
(hower came on juft as we left Grafmere and entered Cumber- 
land ; it was Calmer while we pafled Leathes Watery a narrow 
ftrait, dark and fullen, overhung with naked precipices. The 
road is a high terrace, clote to the water, along the foot of HeU 
vellyn, whofe fides, as far as they are vifible, are ftrewed with 
large ftones, broken away from the fummit. Hence we pafied m 
a fevere fhower through many varieties of barrenefs and cuiti* 
vation, till we began to dcfcend the hill to Kefwick. The Iky 
was theQ a little clearer, and ** the turbulent chaos of mbun- 

* You will find this panicularly niQntioned by Mttfon in » note in Gra)'$ 

U u teins" 

33* Journal of a four In Wtftmantarti 

tarns'* to the left, aiFcfted us very powerfully : but we are aH 
dlfappDiQtcd ia the height of Skiddaw, to the right, which ap- 
pcarcd to be little diftinguiflied from it* neighbours. We ROt to 
the inn about four, giddy ,with &tigue and hunger, and refolved 
ttot to go out in the evening; indeed it rained almoft inceiTaDtly^ 
Auguft 31 • Set out in the morning to go by the eaftern fide 
of Derwentwater to Borrowdale. This fide of the lake is a chain 
pf precipices, (haded in fame parts with wood, and difiiogoiftied 
. by a new name at every break* The firft we paflcd Is called 
Caftle-Crag> from whence is a fine view up the lake to Borrow- 
dale } the next is named from Lady Derwentwatcr, who climbed 
up it, to efcape from her purfucrs. Came within fight of Low- 
dorc water-fall, but the wind blew with great violence, and the 
rain had continued to encreafe from the moment we left Kefwick; 
fo we turned back in defpair. The ladies attempted to walk out 
in the evening,, but the rain foon obliged them torcturn. I con- 
trived to get down to Qrow-park, about a mile from the inn, at 
the bottom of the lake. This was a favorite fituation of Gray, 
and when he was here, was % pafturc. It has been plowed up 
tbefe two years,, and has' now a good crop^ of barley and oata. 
The tops of Skiddaw behind, and all the fells to the weft, were 
concealed in clouds ; the crags on the eaft dark as fable : the 
Gorge of Borrowdale vtry indiftinftly feen. Pockliogton's lOand 
lies in the front of this view, at no great diftance from the (hore. 
Gray has omiited to mention the iflands; when he was here, 
this, as well as the reft, was covered with wood ; but the tree* 
have been felled ; the fhore toward Crow Park, rounded as if 
with the compaffes; and three little buildioga crefted on the 
margin of the water, at equal diftances from each other, white 
as fnow, with fome young plantations of vScotch fir growing round 
them, On the center of the illand ftands Mr. Eockliogton*! new 
hbufe of Hone, without a fiogle tree to ftiade it. It (eems to be 
fingularly unfortunate that the two largcft iflands on the two 
fineft lakes, fhould have fallen into fuch hands. * To the Eaft 
is Lord's llland, much fmaller than Pocklington*% where Lord 
Oerwentwarcr's houfe formerly ftood. His eftates belong to 
Greenwich Hofpital. 

September i . Set out about eleven on a fecond attempt to vMit 
BoWowddle. Pafled under the crags as yefterday, and walked np 
the hill toward Atonefs, from whence Fairingdon's firft view Is 
taken. The lake, the iOands, the town and vale of Kefwick^ 
»nd Baflcnihwaite water, lay all in view, but could not bjrfeen 


^ ^nd Cumberland, Ifc* 335^ 

SiffioBilj, for the (ky was entirdy overcaft, except where a few 
faiot fun-beams glimmeted upoo' the waves like the fmiles of 
melancholy. Deicended the hill, and went forward to Lowdore 
water-fali» a fcene that has been perpetually (celebrated for ma- 
jeAy and terror. But notwithftanding the late rains, we found 
the graodeor of this fcene to arife not from the flze of the (heec 
of water, as we had all expcAed, for that was inconfldcrable^ 
nor from the height, down which it falls, for that is iendered 
little by the fuperior height of the crags on each fide ; but from 
the maiSveners and dark hue of the rocks oo each haad« the 
rude and fhapeleft forms of the fragmeats over whicfh it falls, 
and the correfponding imagery of the trees and flirub^ growing 
«very where around ic. The wind blew hard from fiorrowdale, 
which never fails to forebode rain ; but we pulhed forward under 
Che cliff more formidable than ever^ impending over its bafe, tni 
having its fides ftrewed with fallen fragments. When we arrived 
Jit the gorge, we turned round to take a view of Kelwick and 
Skiddaw, but could fee nothing clearly. Borrowdale is the up- 
|>er end of the lake, where the crag^ from each fide approach, {^ ' 
as alaK>ft to meet each other« Between them is a (harp promon- 
tory c}oathed with wood ; behind that rifes Caflle-Crag» and 
farther offa flill more lofty rock, overlooking the.wbole. At the 
bafeoi thefe runs the brook Grange, which fupplies the- lake; 
over it ie an old two-arcbed bridge of <iark ftone, which leads 
to the village of Grsmge. This lies full in view, but the houfes 
were dimin&ed almoft to nothing by the height of the precipice 
ihat overhangs them. The wind and rain. blew violently in our 
faces $ the fummits of the^ crags wer^ •enveloped in clouds, fe 
that imagir.ation was left to magnify them at its pieafure. Cray 
went no further than the village, and ibr my own part I wonder 
not ; fix I became fo giddy that I was obliged to get out of the 
carnage, and walk by its fide. We advanced a mile fiirjther^ 
over road very narrow and iteiep, to the Bowdar Stone, an huge 
fragment of rock, liiat fell oiany years paft from the Cliff above, 
and now lies on a narrow bafe Jike a (hip on its keel, with many 
fmaller fragmeats fioiMaed roupd it. The road is pafi^able by 
carriages a;»otherjiMkiy the .dale^ but the awful forms of the 
impending precipiiea, lit soaring of the wind, and the beating 
of the rain, compolcd a (cene of terror, that overpowered 4is all^ 
and made us glad to hiiften back to Kefwlck. 

September 2. A bright (onny day^ but the wind ftill blowing 
iuurd ftpm 3orrowdal«. Embarked la a boat at the bpttom of 

U \i 2 the 

34© youmal tfa Teur in tf^iftm^rehnd 

the lake, and rowed along the wedern (hore. In this little Wf^ 
age we had three grand and diftinft pr^rpefts : to the left, the 
cafiern crags glowing with the fun-beams ; behind us the Talc 
and town of Kefwick, and Skiddaw» whofe broad fides were 

ertially darkened with moving (hades, as the dauds failed toa- 
lically over them ; in front the Gorge of Borrowdale» with its 
three promontories overhanging each other, all in the deepeft 
fnble. Entered a fmall bay about the middle of the lake, where 
Lord William Gordon, who purchafed the eftate of Lord Egre- 
mont, has a farm-houfe, which he occafionally inhabits, bean- 
tifnlly fituate at the head 6f the bay, furrounded with flouriOung 
young woods, and commanding a full view of Borrowdale. It 
Is faid that he is going to build higher up the (hore, but we think 
be will not find a more defireable fituation. Crofled toward the 
eaft, and entered the river Grange ; the meadows overflown on 
each fide* The gufts of wind were fo (bong from the South, 
that the boat was driven backward, and we were obliged to land 
jnft under Lowdore. As we intended to vifit Buttermere, the 
kdies were to be mounted on pillions, and hories were gone for- 
ward to wait for us at the Grange bridge. I walked on to fend 
them back, and while they were gone, fat down under a tree, 
and took out my pocket-book. A tall well-looking farmer fooa 
came up to me, and obferving very civilly that the wind was 
troublefome, invited me to go into his houfe if I had any thing 
to write \ telling me almoft immediately that he was the perfbn 
who received Mr. Gray. I rofe immediately to accompany him ; 
on the way we met his two daughters going into the field" to glean, 
with each a milk pail under her arm for the evening. The young* 
eft of them, fairer than Proferpine, returned with us, and having 
brought me fome oatcakes and cream, retired into the inner 
room, while I converfed with her father. He faid much of Gray's 
timidity, and told me he feemed to expejl that every rock hefaw, 
would fall on him. Some perfon, whom he met here by acci- 
dent, hat) given him Gray's tour ; his mother, whom G. men- 
tions, is dead ; he has (lormed the eagle's neft a fccond time. I 
thought him a very intelligent man. He gave me a piece of the 
wad, which he had found, |floughing in hb field at fome diftance 
from the mine, and dire6Ved me to a fpot where my horfi: might 
ford the river, juft in time to join the pfttty. 

The wind was lefs violent than yefterday, and the fummits of 
the rocks were gilded with fun-(liine ; fo that Borrowdale was 
/Iripped of half its terrors. This dale continues with little more 


oni Cumhtrtand^ (ffc, 341 

vnith than the bed of the river, yet paflable by a carriages Dear 
a mile beyond the Bowdar-flone : It then begins to widen, and 
hay was naaking all over it, but the whole is fomj^times overflown 
in winter. Near the upper end of the dale is the little village of 
Northwaire, and further on, to the left, the Eagle*s crag, where 
(he annual oeft is boilt. This is a (harp promontory, more lofty 
than the neighbouriog cliffs, inacceflible from the bottom, tho* 
rugged till within a few yards of the fummit. At this point the 
neft is built; all above it appears fmooth, ^d is abfolutely per-* 
pendicular. Soon pafled aooiber little hamlet, and then began 
to afcend the fell on the right hand. The road is along the hde 
of the hill, very fteep, and over little' elfe but loofe Aones. The 
brook, which we had never quitted, tumbles down its rocky 
channel on the left, and another rugged fteep rifes immediately, 
on the other fide of it. When we had afcended near half a mile, 
the height on each fide appeared undiminiAied, but we then per* 
ceived Jheep feeding among the rocks, wherever a blade of grafs 
could grow : and as we continued to afcend, we diAingui(hed 
them quite up to the fummit. On the way we crofled feveral 
fittle riljs, falling down the fide of the fell, to the brook in the 
middle ; the whole afcent is fomething more than a mile ; the 
ftream had gradually difappeared, but the crags flill rofe awfully 
above us. As fooQ as we came to the higheft point of the road, 
we were ftruck with the fight of the crags between which we 
were to pafs in defcending. The right is called Hone, the left 
Honider crag ; for every crag has its name among the dalefmen, 
rude and barbarous as its form. Honifter crag, ({he moft formi* 
dable of the two, and far more lofty- than any we had hitherto 
feen) is an abfolute precipice, without any fiopiog bank that may 
afford pafture or footing to fiieep, but totally dark, naked and 
rugged, impending over its bafe, and threatening to cboak up 
the narrow valley by its fall. Our guide pointed out a path, 
hardly vifible to the eye, cut by perpetual turnings up the fide 
of the precipice, down which the flate is brought on fledges from 
the quarries above, a man going before to guide each Hedge. 
We difmounted our horfes and walked down under this tre* 
mendous rock in terror and amazement. This defcent is called 
Buttermere Hawfe : we now arrived at the head of Buttermere 
Water, where ia a fmall groupe of cottages ; and obferved the 
traces of the narrow carts, in which the flate is conveyed away. 
On the highefl crag at the head of Buttermere, within a fmall 
^vera^ acceffible only by defcending with ropes from the fum- 
I miti 

342 ymimalofa Tour through Wejimorilani 

ifiic, like that in Borrowdale, another p»ir of eagles annaallj 
build. Buttermere is about two miles long, uot more thaa half 
a mile wide, yet ic fiils aimed the whole breadth of the vJe. 
The road is along the north-eaft fide, through glades of trceSv 
ioterfperfed with fmall enclofures of pafture and oats. A few 
old people and children were employed ki making hay : we ob* 
fervcd one of their bed pouts covered with a ftieet to preveQt its 
being carried away by the wind ; others were confined by flakes. 
The hills rife very fuddenly on the fouth-weft, and are tocaUy 
flaked \ down their fides are many ftreaks of red foil ; on the 
fell at this fammit is a deep expanfc of water, a mile in circum* 
fercnce: tradition calls this the mouth of a volcano, and thcired 
foil, the lava. 

Dined on eggs and bacon, at the head of the water, in an an«- 
fini(hed houfe, building with ftone, and the iineft oak*tiinber 
kept by a poor woman, whofe hufband works in the flate quar- 
ries. Oppoiite to this houfe is the village chapel, a very fmalt 
, cue ; the Curate has little more than twenty pounds a year, and 
teaches the children of his pari(h to read and write.* Afeeoded 
toward thp north, and faw behind us Crommack-water, lepa- 
rated from Buttermere by a narrow traA o( cultivated dale. This 
afcent is by the ftde of a mofl majeflic Hope; cloathed with turf 
of the brighteft verdure, and fpotted with innumerable little 
flieep as white as fnow. The fun gilded half its fide on our 
right hand, the other half was (haded by the oppofite hill. This 
soble line of mountain, that might have fed the flocks of a pa* 
triarch, continues three n>iles uninterrupted by any appearance of 
rock ; only we faw Grafmine hill, a ftupendous red precipice^ in 
an opening to the w^ft. Hence we arrived at the enclofures of 
Kefcadale, whither a poft chaife had come to take the ladies. 
PafTed along the fide of the hill, which is ploughed, tho* very 
Aeep ; and came in view of Derwentwater, Kefwick^ and Skid- 
daw ; but the fui^ was now funk behind the bills. Continued 
through Swinfide, at the diftance of about half a mile from the 
lake, on the other fide df Lord William Gordon's grounds ; and 
iaw the moon break finely from the clouds, and pour her filver 
light on every objedb aronnd us. Got to the ^nq at i^efwick fooa 
after eight. In the courfe of our journey, we had feen feveral 
f afcades, falling from a much greater height than Lowdore, par* 

* It (liould oot be omitted that the Curate teachei the children of tl^s 
valley to write and read Gratn. 


and CamiirknJy i^c, j4j 

ticularly one at the head of Buttermere, and another juft be- 
fore we arrived at Ke(kadaie; but thefe were unadorned with ' 
any rock or wood^ and of courle had litde majeAy. Yuo will 
perceive from this days journey, that onr Ladies maft be 
good travellers ; and fo indeed they are, as far as fenfe^ 
tafte» and cheerfulnefs can render them. We beard at onr re* 
turn that there had been ieveral hard (howers at Kefwick : boC 
we had not (een one. 

September 3d. Much rain in the morfiing. Went to Croft*' 
waite Church, a handfome building : 'the fervice was read 
by Mr. Briftow, a native of this country, who lives with 
Dr. Glafs, and an excellent fermon preach'4 in recommendation 
of Sunday fchools, complaining of fome pel^fons, who had not 
fent their children to the fchool of this parifh with proper regu«* 
larity. The pfalms were fong by a choir of men and womeo» 
with a fweetnefs and folemnity, that I never heard before* 
Went after church along BafTenihwaite Water to Ouze«bridge.r 
Yoo will find an account of this in Gray. I can fay but little 
for the rain increafed as foon as we left Kefwick, and continued 
very hard till our return. The inu a large new honfe, is finely 
fituate at the lower end of the lake, and promifed much on iti 
ontfide, fo we r^folved to ftay all night ; but there was little 
provifion, add no beds. The mouBtains Appear to end 
here« for the country beyond was all Hoping and cultivated. 
J walked oi|t between the (howers to Armathwaite houfe, and 
had a fine view up the lake over Derwentwater to Wallow-Crags 
and Borrowdale. A very foft light was fpread over the whole ' 
bndfcape* and the air was fo calm, that I heard the found of the 
rills falling from the mountains* But when 1 had enjoyed this 
feene of awful fereniry for a few minutes, another dorm rulhed 
down from Borrowdale. Here I was convinced of the fuperior 
height of Skiddaw : The part feen from Kefwick, which is the 
broadeA fide, /inks downward into an immenfe gulf, from the 
bottom of which rifes another rugged fteep, towering proudly a* 
bove the iirft. 

September 4th. Left Kefwick about eleven to return to Amble-- 
fide, wearied with the continual ftorms of^Borrowdale. From 
the afcent of Caftl&rigg had ' a noble view of the whole val- 
ky behind us, with its' tWo lakes, and ail its' mountains. Pafs'd 
the dreary vale of St. John, and Leathes, water in bright fun* 
fUoe, but even that could give little chearfulnefs to fo defolate a 
fccne. As fooo however as we entered WeAmoretand, the prof- 


344 Journal of a Tour thro* tVeJlmoreland 

pedl ^% intirely changed ; for now from the top of the ftiJI vft 
caught a delightful view of Grafmere- water, jaft afber a heavy 
ihower. n Before us lay a long flopei richly cultivatedy with lit« 
tie woods, an4 cottages peeping out, from which the fmoke was 
afcending in ^a thin blue vapour ; corn and hay harveft in every 
field ; and the whole fcene fparkling with the drops of the late 
rains : at a didance the lake With its* little ifland and cottage, 
fpreading under the amphitheatre of lofty mountsios by which 
it is inclofed. You muft read Gray's defcription of this lake, 
again and again : Mr. T. B«— -, thinks you m|ght make a good 
fonnetof it. We turned afide to Rydal-hall, to enjoy once more 
theprofped of Windermere. The features of this landfcape were 
almoft exadly the feme as when we firft (aw them, and a lecoiid 
view did but increafe our admiration. Dined at Amblefide by 
four. This is a neat little market town : the inn is about a mile 
from the head of Windermere, at whidh you get a peep from 
the window. In the afternoon we went down to take a row oo 
the lake. A very heavy (hower fell, as foon as we-en^barked, but 
we perfevered and it foo^ pafled over. We^ had then a heavenly 
view of the fetting-fun : the eaflern hills ihone with inconceiv- 
able brightnefs ; the fides of the weflem were dark with a glow 
of purple. We continoed on the water till the moon rofe, and law 
a fccond (hower colleft over the hills to the north; this foon paiicd 
over bur heads, and obfcuring the moon darkened all the foutb 
end of the lake^ At length the moon burft forth a fecond time 
with encreafing luftre ; her filver rays were rcflcftcd by the trem- 
bling furface ot the waves ; the noife of 'innumerable rills was 
heard from the mountains around ; and the found of our voices 
was anfwered from the whole length of the lake by repeated 
echoes. • 

September 5th. Left Amblefide foon after eight, and began to 
afcend Kirkfione fells, north of the town, looking back all the 
Jway on Windermere and Eftthwaite waters^ with the town of 
Hawkshead, and Furnefs and Cartmel fells. The afcent \\ 
three miles and a half; for two miles the fides of the hilk 
are richly cultivated; then you come to open fiicep-walks. - 
When we were at thehigheft, the tops of the fells were iiill far a- 
bove as, very rugged and fteep, and we faw two or three fhepherds 
with their dogs, following their fheep amongft the rocks. De- 
fccnded by the fide of a little brook ratling over its* bed of fiones 
to Broad- Water, a pretty lake iu a poor narrow valley, overhung 
with naked hills, but the dale improved in cultivation and 


and Cumberland^ &c. 34^ 

beauty, and ive proceeded along the margiooF Gofdale-^ck, a 
briik little /Iream, to the hamlet of Patterdale. This is nine 
miles from Amblefide^ at the head of UU-water. Stopped at a 
publtck-boufe about a mile further, and climbiog a little uay up 
the rocky had a fine view of the lake, three quarters of a mile 
Vfide^ with., many little rocky iflands : the oppofite hills are Deep 
and naked ; a (harp promontory pufhing forward into the water, 
forces it to turn to the eaft, on the top of which Lyulph*s tower , 
appears to fland, and is a fine objeA; to the north -weft is a 
beautiful bay with rocks jutting into the lake ; the hiils cloafhed 
half way up with wood ; corn fields and cottages peeping out ; 
the fun was now bright, and the iky doudlefs^ the furface of the 
lake fmooth as glafs, and of a fine light blue^ Leaving this view, 
we foon re-entered Cumberland, and palTed through Gowbarrow 
parky under a rich glade of wood, with beautiful openings to (he 
lake. A little way up the fhore ftaods Lyulph's towxr. a new| 
building, creeled as a place of entertainment, on the iite of an 
old lower, which is faid to have received its name from the firft 
Lord of Grayft6ck : and further on, Gowbarrow hall, a fmall 
old houfe. This for about four milts, till you come to Water* 
millock, a neat houfe belonging to Mr. Robinfon. Nearly oppo- 
fite to ibis, 'is Place Fell, another bold promontory, which obliges 
the lake to turn back to (he North. Here the fells on each fide 
diminiih ; aud oa the oppoiite (hore, which had hitherto conflfted 
of little elfe but naked rock; enclofures and cottages begin to 
appear. At the foot of the lake rifes Dunmallet bill, a round 
eminence, cloathed entirely with wood ; and at a great diftance 
a long range of heath, of the deepeft azure. Looking this way« 
the lake appeared like a majeftic river, rolling through a rich cui-.. 
tivated country ; turning round, we faw mountain piled upon 
mountain in wild diforder. Dined at Peely bridge by three 
o'clock. In the afternoon, walked by a winding path up Dun- 
mallet hill ; from whence is a view over the lake to Place Fell, 
where it appears to end : and the other way, a profped of the 
rich valley watered by the Emont, gay, fmillng, and habitable. 

Pafled through thi^ valley, five miles, to Penrith, a large mar* 
ket town, with fome good inns. The houfes in general are co- 
vered with white rough caft, except the corners, and window 
franies, which are of red ftone. Char is not now io feafon, and 
we have fcarce met with either trout or game, iho' both abouhd 
in the country ; but every where the bell mutton, the beft but- 

'X X ter^ 

3+6 Journal if a Tour thro'' Wejitmr eland 

ter, and rbe bed water in the world ; for the cattle afe all fed CB 

the natural grafs, aod every rill is clear as chryftal. 

September 1 1» Having negleAed to continue my j^nirnal after 
the fifth, I muft fill it up haftily here» but the remainder pf our 
tour offered little worthy of noticei 

September 6. A clear day. Went in the morning to Louther 
ball, fix miles from Penrith. Here we faw the Carpet Mann- 
factory eftablifhed by Lord Lonfdale for the ufe of his own boo^ 
fes ; it is worked in the fame manner as the Turkey and Axmia- 
fier, wi;b the band not the (buttle, but exceeds them both in 
-richnefs and beauty. Only one nun remains at prefent with a 
few poor children, all the reft have defertcd, and he would go if 
he could get the money that is due to him. The front of the 
hall was burnt down many years pad, and has never been rebuilt; 
the two wings and an old kitchen remain in the moft defolatc 
condition, with a few mutilated flatues jull as time an^ chance 
have thrown them* The way from the turnpike road to the 
houfe is only not impafiable ; the gardens remain in their old 
flate, but after pafling through half a dozen damp walks; yon 
come all on a fudden to a fine terrace, from whence is a glorious 
view of the country all round, up to Skiddaw and Saddle-back. 
There is a large village building in the park, filled with ragged 
women and'barefooted children. 

Returned to dinner kt Penrith, and went in the afternoon to 
Carlton Houfe, about a mile from the town, belonging to the 
late Attorney-General Wallace, by his wife, whofe name was 
Simpfon. It is a pleafant fituation, and from the gardens you 
have fine views of the country about, but the grounds themfcives 
are rather indifferently difpofed. 

September 7. Went in a rainy morning to Carlifle; half the 
way is over a black moor. CarKfle (lands in the middle of a large 
plain, flat but well cultivated. The town is poor, but there arc 
large remains of the pid fortifications and caftle, which were 
twice beficged a ftiort time in forty-five. The choir of the Ca- 
thedral is very light and beautiful ; the na?e, which wa$ Saxoo, 
is faid tp have b^n deftroyed by Cromwell, and from what re- 
mains, ,U appears to be no lofs. Pafled in a fine afternoon, 
through a country lately enclofed to Brampton. 

September 8. Dinec} at H^ltwidle. On the way faw Nawof th 
CaAle, a fine fituatbn belonging to Lord Carliile, who has great 
eAateshere. Part of the caAle is modernifed, and inhabited by 
his /Icward, the reft remains in its 94d ftate, with little either pf 


and Cumberland^ Wr. 347 

beauty or grandeur. We faw many caftles at a little dinance 
from the road between Carlifle and Newcaftle. Slept at *Hex* 
ham^ finely fituate on the banks of the Tyne, with an old Ab- 
bey» ufed as the Pari(h Church, but very badly fitted up. 

September 9. We attempted to go by a lower road along 
the banks of the Tyoe^ a noble river flowing through a rich 
-country^ to OfBngham, where Mr. B— — has an e(late : but 
the waters were out and foon obliged us to return into the tprp- 
pike road. This was a lofs that I very much regretted. It 
raned hard almoft the whole day. 

Thus, my dear friend, have I endeavoured to give you a detail 
of what I faw in the coarfe of this tour. If my accounts are 
fometimes fo general, as to afo-d you no diftinft idea of the 
fcenes} you wilt recoUeA that I am totally ignorant of painting* 
and very little accuQomed to defcription. if on the other hafid, 
they are fometimes too minute and eircumftantial, remember the 
difficulty of feleAing frotn objcAs, all of which appear important 
at the prefent moment, thofe only, that will contiaue to be im- 
portant on a later review. When any fcene has given me more 
than ordinary delight, I have never failed to wi(h for your pr,eT 
fence, who would eojoy it fo powerfully, and delineate it fo well* 
I (hall be happy if my defcriptious will furnilh you with amufe- 
Blent for an evenings and if you will confider the writing of theiQ 
as a teftioxony of the afieQion^ that has fo long been born you 

By your fincere Frlen4» 
The route. 




(Durham 18 I .^ 

Bilhop's Auckland 10 J ^'*- 
Staindrop 10 

Barnard Caftle 6 

Kirby Stepbeo 
Burrow Bridge 



} 'H' 

J}— 'J- 




* In NorchurabcrlancL 
X X 2 


34S Ssnu aecdunt 9/ Aurfordy 


iNcwby Bridge 
Weftmoreland. {J^*."^i^ 

CumberlaDd. Kefwick 


Pooley Bridge 
C Penrith 
Cumberland. < Carlifle 

( Prampton 
f HahwUlle 
Northumberland. } Hcxham 
( Newcaftle 

Ar/T. II, Some account of Burford in Oxford/hire^ with Church 
Notes from a MS, in the Brit. Muf. 

** In the adjoining plain, which the Ifis freqacotly orerflowSt 
it is (irQ increafed by' the little river IVindru/h^ which coming 
frotn Cotte(wold» has on its banks Burford^ where Cutbred, 
King of the Wid Saxons, then tributary to the Mercians^ unable 
any longer to bear the grievous exactions of their King Ethelr 
bald, revolted from him, and defeated him, and took his fiandard, 
ill which hiflorians fay was painted a golden dragon.'** 

" Burford is a market three miles from Bruerpe. Bewchamps, 
Erles of Warwyke were Lordes of it, and alfo of the forcft of 
Wichwood. Some fay the Spencers formerly had fome dominion 
in it. 'There is a notable quarry of fine flonc about Burford. 
There was a' place in Burford called the Priory."t The town 
has one handfome ftreet down a hill. It is famous for faddles^ 
and has a horfe race on the downs' near the town, where, ou ac- 
count of the extenfivenefs of the courfe, a king's plate is annually 
given. It gave birth to Dr. Peter Heylin, and was the refideoce 
of fpeaker Lenthal, who bought an eAate ^nd good houfe of 
I^ord Falkland, and died here 1662. The feat and manor flill 

• Gough's Camden, Vol. I, p. 285. 
t Lcland Vil, 63, b. 


in OjtforJjUre, (fe. 34r) 

belong to the family of Lenthal^ and in the houfe are (aid to be 
many of the pictures of Charles I's coIleSion bronght by the 
fpeaker from Hampton Court. The church, is a large bandfome 
building i the two weft doors adorned with Saxon zigzag and 
heads as at Ifley aod others in this county ; the porch of florid 
Gothic. At the entrance of the chnrch-yard are fome antient 
alms-houfesy and the vicarage houfe oppofite to them rebuilt by 
Symon Wifdom, Alderman here I579»* (hews marks of greater 
antiquity. Here was a fmall priory or hofpital valued at £-tS.f 

The following Church Notes are from an Harldan MS. 

Burford» Junepth^ 1660. 

^' Ina chappell on the north fide of the chancell againft the head 
of a raifed monument, a man in a gowne praying; under him 
this infcription in brafle. 

Here lyath the body of George Symmons, Gent, fometim^ 
dwelling in the houfe near the bridge foot, being a' good bene, 
fador to the poor people of thb towne^ and departed this life the 
XXVII day of January 1590* 

God be praifed for him. 

Another raifed monnm^ithard by, without armes or infcripthm- 

Nigh hence, on a brafle on the ground. 

Hie jacet Johes Piimock primo genitus Thome Pinnodr gen- 
tleman quondam focietat de Gries-Inne, qui quidem Johea obi|C 
V die Auguftl MCCCCLXXXX cujus, &c. 

On the north fide of the chancell a chapell, therin a oioft ftately 
monument raifed in this maiiner. 

On the ground death lying along. Over it a table of blacke 
marble (fupported by fmaii pillars of the fame) upon it a man oa 
his backe) in judges forroalityes with a collar of Eflcs, and his 
wife. All arched over, the arch being fupported by 6 pillars of 
blacke marble,^ and 4 fquareones at the- corners ) at the head e 
young man in a gowne, kneeling with hands ereA, behind', or 
under him a table of blacke marbk, upon it this infcription. 

Not this fmall heap of ftones and ftraitned roome. 
The bench, the court, tribunall or his tombe, 

• Infcription over the door.. 

t Tanner 4sS. Gough*s Addicioas, ut fupra, p. iljt 


350 ^^^ account ofBurfdrd^ 

This but his dud, but thefe his name iaterre, 
Aad thefe indeed, now but a fepulchre, 
Whofe jfnerits only raifed him and made good 
His ftanding there, where few fo long have ftood : 
Pitty his memory ingaged Oiould (land 
Unto a private church ; not to the land. 

On the fouth fide this. 

Here lyeth interred Sir Laurence Tanfield, Kt. one of the 
Julliccs of his Majefties Bench, and late Lord cheife Baron of 
the Exchequer, who continued thofe places of judicature 20 
yeares, wherein he funriVed all the Judges in every bench at 

He left behind him onely one daughter and hdre, who marrkd 
with Henry, Lord Vifcouot Falkland, L. Deputy Generall of 
Ireland. He deceafed 30 Apr. £635. 

His noble and vertuous lady to her mod honoured hufbaod, 
hath ereAed this monnment of his vertues and her forrowes. 

At Che feet of the 2 eiEgies, their crefts upon fcroles. 

1. A maid from the middle ar. crined or. bracelets fa. vreath 
of rofes about her head gu. 

2. On a wreath or. fa. a fwan proper. 

, At the feet a man kneeling, under him this* 

F^ncam des opo^am tibi viator 
Non igoobile |e rogat fepulchrun, 
Olim inter monumenta fanftbra, et 
Nepoti critjco labor futurus. 
His nempe in fpatits fitus quiefcit 
Angli praecijpua, fori togxque 
Juris gloria, judicumque fama, 
Prudens caufidicus, pius fenator. 
Quo nemo luit innocens patrono. 
Quo nemo ^elns improbe redemit 
Leni judice, fa&ns baud minori 
'Infqas crimine quam fuit fceleftus. 
Qui nullo pretio mains, nee unquam 
VeAigal fibi fecerat tribunal, 
Puris divitiis, honore calflo, 
Atque ampliffimus'unus innocentacy 
Nee vitas minor artibus, domufque 
AtteutilEmus et probe feverus, 

^ Et 

Oxfirdjbin, i^c. 351^ 

Et rcrum bene diligens fuarum. 
Parens providus, optimus mariius, ' 
Cunflis officiis nimis probatas. 
Dicam nomcn, ct bacc minora dixi, . . 

Tanfeildus Baro : jaai libi fcien^i , 

Narro cunfta fopcrfluus, tibi ipfi 
AbfolvcS Epitaphium Viator. 

On the north fide this. 

Her fliado^v lyes while life is fad. 
Sole hopes to dy to him (he had 
In bliffe is he jvhomc I love beft 
Thrice happy (he with him to reft. 
So (hall I be with him I loved, 
And he with me and both be blefled. 
Love made me poet and this I writ* , 
My heart did do it, and not my wit. 

At the top over all, at the corners* 

Tanfcild (viz.) ar. 2 chevmns bet. 3 martlets fa. qu. ar. a 
chevron fa. between 3 griffins heads rafcd gu. The creft as the 
ift of the former. 

' Tanfeild imp. B. 3 trefoils flipped or. 
About the monament feverall places of fcriptare. 

On an old raifed monument of ftone in this chappell, this at 
the feet. 

Obitus ThOmae Frieri Burfordiae Epitaphium, que ^ta exceifit 
5^ Novembris Ann. Dni 1572. 

Marmorta hac Thomas latitat fub mole Fricrus 
Mente fagax felisC vixrt poploque deoque fidelis 
Hunc coluit dives« femper amavit inops. 

On the north fide. 

Quatuor hie genoit divino munere natos 

Ex quibus in lencbris jam puer unus obit, 
Omnia qua fternit tandem mors abftulit ilium, 

Cprpus in hoc tumulo eft, mens fed in arce poli eft. 
Illius ad Chriftum penetravit fpiritus almum, 

In quo fola quies vitrque foia maoet. 


J5t . Some acc§uHt ofBurfori^ 

la the north fide of thecharch two proportioiis^ 

Againft the north wall of the Church oq a table of ftone, thin 

Ed mundas Harmannos Armiger, cjoeni dominus deus inon- 
meris beneficiis ab ioeunte astate profequutus eft hoc chriftianae 
memoriae moDomeQtain fibi et Agnetae tnicae et c^ftifimx 
conjugi et fexdecim liberis deo benedicente ex ilia fofceptis po- 
fuit A.,D. 1569* 

Nollas eraiDy et faciente Deo fum oatns nt cflem 

lam nunc de proprio femine rurfos ero. 
Noftra die magno quae nunc abfompta patamus 

Corpora ceroemus furgere tota deo* 

Peliite corde metnm niea membra, et credite tofmet 
Cum Chrifto reditura Deo, nam vos gerit ille 
£t fecum revocar, morbos ridete miaaces, 
lufliflos qafus contemnite, & atra fepulchara 

Defpicite. Exurgens Chrittus provocate 'ite 

Chriftus erit cunctis rcgnum, lux. vita, corona. 

The arms above are three curricombs Qu.. 

1 ft. On a bend between 2. de lis, 3 martlets 
2d* A Chevron ingrailed between 3 owles. 
3d. A fefs dancy, between, 6 crofs-crofslets. 

The Creft, a lyons paw, holding a poleax. 

By the north wall of the church, thefe narrow raifed monuments 
of ftone in order downwards. 

On one this. 

Here lieth th^body of John Templar who maried with Mary 
Sylvefter, the daughter pf Edmund Sylvefter thc'elder, who de- 
ceafed the 5th. of May 1626. 

The armes 3 hawboys & 3 quaterfoyls. 

On another this. 

Edmnnd Sylvefter, deceafed. 21ft. Jan. 1 56S. 

On the next. ^ 

Here lyeth Wm. Sylvcfler which deceafed. it. Apr. An. Dni. 


OxfcfJflnni 6c. 35J 

Oo another this. 

Here lyeth Robt. Syl^Hler Tinttoer; Freemaii of Loadoo, foa 
bf Win. Syivefter, deceafed 29. Jaoe, 1601. 

Within a Icrole, the Vtntenera, armet« 


Here lyeih Thomas ^ylvfeAer whb decdtfed the 2dth. of March. 
1568. Like this former. 

On andthei-, thb. 

Herelyetfa Thos. SyWefter which deceafed the ^9. ofOSob. 
On another tfie Bai-bbr Wgtotas arme^. 

Nighhence^oa abraile fixed to the wall, a man, behind him 
to boys and a woman, behind her 2 glrlesp with this infcription. 

Here lyeth the body 6E Johd Ofbaldefton of the upper Court 
in Ghadlidgtob, Gent, ilhd Grac^ his wife the daughter of 
Humphrey Aftifield of Hetbrop Efq; who had ifloe 10 fens and 
2 daughters, whereof furvive 4 ions and one daughter ; be de« 
parted this life the laft of OAober A. D. 1614* & flie the 6th of 
March^ A. D. t6ii. 

In the Chapel on the fonth fide ; thefe ariaei In the Windows. 

France and England quartered^ 
Or. a Chevron G. 
Or. a Crofs G. 

In another Chappell on tlie fime fide, t grey mirble iBonu« 


The arms upon it not difcernaUe. 

In the church yard bn a brafle fixed to the head of t raMed mo- 
numenty this. ** I kndw that my redeemer &c. 

Here lyeth the body of Jdhn Hunt of Bnrford Merocr wb» 
fleceafed 15 Mar. in the year of our L|rd G9I, 1603. Wm. 
Hunt and Richard Hunt fons to the la^ JoHb Hunt made tbia 

With fereral of the like> 

* Mu^Miu W>1 Hail. 41^/^. P, %i, ^ 

t J AUT. 

354 JdditimUHiuton, St. Ge^rge^ tic. 

Art. ilL Adjitlons to Hintm St. Gearge, the Seat of Earl Fm 
. Jitt, Somerfitjbin 

Mr. E»iTOR. 
Having in your firft Volume (p. I7i);gi^en a Hiaory ^ 
rfcfcriptioii of this noble old place, I here feiid you a few Epitaphs 
of the family, traofaibed from the pariOi Church at Hmwii. 

Epitaph en the Countefs Pouktt. 

Vkhe Earl Poulett 

Endued with love and filial affcftioa 

towards his Parents 

Has caofed this Monument to ht- 

Erefted to the memory 



Who died in the Year 

Farewell ! 
Honor, Virtue, BeneBciancc 
Bewail thy Io&. 

On the HonoraUi Anne Poulett. 

S ^cUED to the Memory of the Honorable Aon Poolett, fiyiinh 
fon of ihe firft Earl Foulett, Knight of the Garter, ic. and 
Member for Bridgewatcr in four Parliaments, whofe fedate for- 
titude and fteady refolutioo in every thing which was juft. whofe 
finccrity of FricndOiip and propriety of Judgment and univcrfal 
Knowledee could not avert that death which tore him from bis 
afflifted Family and Friends on the Xih. of July mdcclxxxv, 
to receive the reward of a well fpent and virtuous Life. 

. In Grateful toemory of the many years 
She knew thy worth, accept a Sifters tears ; 
Thy fpotlefs truth, and love fraternal claim 
This lad laft tribute to thy hallow'd name. 
To guard thy afhes.has fhe rear'd this ftone 
T' exprcfs thy friendftiip and record her own. 


In Swurfitjhire* %%% 

On Lady Rekteca. 


" Rebecca Poalctt, ybongcft daughter of John, Earl Poulctt of 
Htotoa St George by Bridget bis Wife, Daughter aod Cobeirefs 
of Peregrine Bertie, Sod to the Earl of Llndfey, died March x\m 
ledoad 1765. 

Many Daughters have done virtuoully but thou excelkft ihem 

' This Monument is ereded to her nemory by her Sifter So« 
fan Poulctt.** 

Here lies NATHANIEL ^ LLOYD, Efq* 
Uncle of the prefent Counters Poulett, whom he bred up, An4 
educated, almoft from her early youth, leaving her at his death 
the greateft fliare of his Fortune, and refiduary legatee, who ia 
gratitude of his tender afte&ion made it her requeft, that he 
might have burial in, pr near the place, where (he herfeif intends 
to be interred, whenever it (hall pleafe God to call on her to re* 
iigD that Life which he gave. 

He was early engaged in mercantile bufine(s ia which he ac« 
quired, no lefs reputation, than wealth. He was a Man of Letters 
and much admired for his chearful difpolltion. Aod that which 
ftili more enhanced Peoples eftimation of hifn, was his great 
honor and punftuality^ His lofs could not fail being Severely 
felt by the poor, on whom he conferred many afis of Charity 
both living and dying. 

His philofophic turn of mind not only appears by his declining 
bufinefs at a time when he might have eafiiy doubled bis Fortunei 
but may be read in thefe lines which he made his lafi reqneft t^ 
have infcribed on his MonumenCt 

Nor love thy Life^ nor hate, but what thoo liveft, 
Live well, bow long, or fiiort, permit to heaveiw 

Departed this Life 2ift» February, 1774, la the 80 th. year of 

y y ^ AiiT. IV. 

35* Jfioftace^HnitfH^einiJhtry^ 

Art. IV. A Jbon account of Wtdnefburyl in Staffhrd/Hn^ whk 
Church hlotes from Mr. fTalier's MS. as bef9ri. 

Wednc(bUry, or Wccdfbuty is fituatc in the fouih-caft borders 
of the county, on the river TaiDe» a few roilci from the popn- 
loiu town of Wolverhampton. The renowned Qpeea Adelfledj^ 
who governed the kingdom of Mercia, with fo great condofi^ 
foni&d this place againft the Danes, who infefted her oation* 
At the Conqueft it %vas the ancient demefne of the crown ; but 
in the reign of Henry IT, was given to the family of Heronvilc^ ia 
exchange for the to^n of Cobsfield, in Oxfbrd(hire. It cood- 
nued in this faoilly divers fucceflions, 'till Henry Hcronvil, hav- 
ing no iflTue male, left it with bis other e(tates to Joan his daogbter 
and heir, who married Sir Henry Beaumont, Kt. unci^ and heir 
to William Vifcount Beaumont. In which family it remaned 
many generations, 'till John Beaumont, left ^his lordfliipy 
among other eOates, to his daughters and coheirs, one of whom, 
Dorothy married Humphrey Comberford, in whofe pofterity tbii 
Manor was inv^fted by the faid marriage, and they cootioticd 
I:.ords of it fometime. 

This ancient family, no doubt, took their name fcom Com* 
berford, a mafior (landing on the eaft fide of th€ Tame, near to 
TaiQworth, where they long had their principal feat. Alanos 
de Comberlbrd,^ was Lord of Comberford in Henry l-s time ; 
William Comberford was a man of great note in the reign of Heo. 
Vf, and they long continued a family of repute in this place. 
Bnt Dr. Plot foems tQ deal in the marvelous about their fignal 
!waming^ of death, (viz.) three knocks being always beard at 
Comberford-Hall before the dece^^fe of any of that family, tbo? 
the party dying be never at fo great a dillance. 

The Comberfords we believe had iikewife their refidence fome 
time at Tamworth, in the curious old manfion (Kll remaining 
tbere^ called the Moat Houfe^ fai^ to have been built by one of 
them, in the reign of (^eea Elizabeth, and thdr arms we lately 
faw in the large room there ; a further iiccount of which houje, 
with an engraving, we intend to give in future. 

To return then from this digreffion to our account of Wedt 

fie(bury. This place is alfo rendered famous for the defcent of 

the firft Lord Paget, from the Pagers, people of mean condition 

jn this town. His father was dne of the Serjeants at Mace of 

he City of London, and this His fon being a perfon of excellent 



|>arts bj the force of them alone, rofe from fo low a ftation in Iife» 
fo high hoQors/ for from being one of the Clerks of the Signet, he 
became one of the principal Secretaries of State to King Henry 
VIU, who on his death-bed» made him ofle of his executors, and 
appointed h'>tn one of the Council to his fon and fncceflbr. 
King Edw. VI. In that nign he was made Knight of the Gar* 
ter, &c. and at length fnmmoned by writ to Parliament, by the 
same and title of Lord Paget of Beaudefert, in this coonty. 

At the end of this reign he fell inio difgrace, thro' the power 
of his enemies ; but joining afterwards with the Earl of Arundel. 
to iet up Queen Mnry» was fucccfsful, and obtained hack hi3 
former honors, with many more, of which he died poflefTed, 1564^ 
6 Eliz. a)ul was buried at Drayton in Midcilefex, but his monn- 
nient wai handfomely ereAed above the choir in the Cathedra) 
at Lichfield. His pofierity derive from him an uncommon e:(« 
lent o(,intereft and ccmmand. 

Henry, 7tb Lord Paget, was created firft Earl of Uxbridge, 
OA. 19, I7i4» uhich title became extinft in his grandfon Hen- 
ry, who died unmarried Nov. 1 6, 1 769, but the Barony devolved 
upqp Henry Bayley-Paget, eldeft fon of Sir Nicholas Bayley, oC 
rlacenwydy, in the county of Anglefey, Bart, of Ireland, by C^* 
rdine, daughter of Bfigadier-General Thomas Paget, grandfon 
of William, sth Lord Paget. His lordfhip married Jane daugh- 
ter of the Rev. Arthur Champagne, Dean of ClaDmacnoife* in 
Ireland, by whom he h^s feveral ions and daughters. He had 
the tide of Earl of Uxbridge reconFerred on him, May 19, 17R4. 
rThe imtpenfe property that hath of late years arifen from the cop* 
p^ mines ^ifcpvered on his elhtes in Anglefey hath ranked hior 
amongll the w^althieft of the nobility, and enabled him, befidea 
bis fplendid country feat, at Beauddfert, in Stafibrdfbire, and 
Dawley, in Middlefex, to ereA a moft magnificent town-houfe, 
in Burlington* Gardens,' the apartments of which, particularly the 
mpfic room, are very noble. 

Nor is this all that Wednefbnry has to boaft. |t is alfo not 
lefs remarkable in its natural prbduftions. Dr. Plot tells us of 2, 
very dillinA echo near the church ; and of the excellency and 
abundance of pit-coal hereabouts, which pits are apt to take fire 
of themfelves. Alfo that fort of iron ore calied Blond -metal, is 
found here, which makes naik, and all forts of heavy wares, as 
bammers, axe$, &c. 


35^ A Jbort account ffJViiniJkurj^ l£c^ 

Widnefiury Church. 
Flat ftooes oa the Chancel Floor. 

CC ifout Ctiarptt pra^e Cor t^e imXti of IBLtct^ar) 

beparteH tf^e 3^ Hap of « « » in t|)e if ear oC our Hea 

(lioti ill^CCCC^CJ being 1^^9131313 pear^ of tffe 
of toMt fottleiJ ^jefiip iafee fl^erc?^ Sixatn, 

Oq another* 

j3Df pour C^artte praise for t^^ foU^JS^ of 3|ol&ii Com&ir< 
f6rt/(0entplman) anti SLnn W Qfllpffe^ t^e toti^^tf^e 31olin 
ixeparteb ti^e ¥¥3!3I Ha? of i^per^U, i^ tfie ptre of our TLzti 
(0Ot» 9?CCCCCIL3|¥^ 

On aoother. 

« s » 2 s s ' » s s s anO Ctiarft;? tifjK 98Ipff 
t5t tEoliicS * « * Hepartett tfie ifii ttap of (Bttpbre f n ttic 
pere of our ILorH (EoD 9^CC(^C<[Pi^Sa3|| ^xi tol^ote fovljf 
3ieaii2f!)ate9?ercp^ jameo. 

Od another clofe under the Chancell Step. 

I^fc facet (Enalteru0 ^rcourte aemmau pemoiif ttiai « « ^ ^ 
nobtlior qui SDomimim fuum jaffarcfnatonint glaMiH 
o&reCCum ffupentia tnagoanimf tate (etiamin puerftia) — r 
mmM% et ^/lieratjft. 

On the Couth wall of the Chancell* 

In cujus Benefidi perrennetn meoioriam Francifcus Wortleios 
it Wortky Ebo : Miles ct Barr : (quondam patronus fuus) haof 
Coinnoeaioratiooem illi fervorumque fidelitati dlcavit. Hie a Cu* 
lliabnlis Marti dicaius^ nil nifi iohonedum Qon aufus ; ardoi 
C^reiTuSy Sangninem fudorcmque pcrpefFas, i^ juventute Vcrc* 
jaous, in arte Militari Peritus, inter Cohortcs Regi Perfarnm At 
fignatus Centurio Ele^us ; jam Iter faflurus in Matrem pieutf 
ardens Ithacam petiit, febri maligna infidiatus, Perfarum urma 
Pepofuiti Chrifti Induit, folita Magnaninaitate, inColita Al^* 


An account 9fthi curious Round Churchy lic^ 3J9 

tatty Anims Aromau cum hifce Verbis (Euge, bone fidelifqa^ 
Serve E Saaviter £xalavir. Sic Inviftus cecidtr, doo periit. 


Art. V, An account of the curious Round Church in Cambridge^ 
rf which a pi£turcjqui view is alfo given. 

Hainog» in a previous Namber, given fonae general aoconnt of 
the origin and ufe of Round Churches, we come now to fpeak 
more particularly- of that at Cambridge, of which a piAurefque 
view ' is hereunto annexed, and a plan and deicription has been 
given by the author * from whom we derived moft of our formet 
information, and (hall here again make ufe of freely. 

Mr. Eflex having in an biftorical manner difprovcd the ge- 
neral fuppofition of thefe buildings being erefted by the Jews for 
Synagogues, (moft of which we quoted under Northampton,) 
thus proceeds. '^ 7'he round church at Cambridge is properly 
called the church of the Holy Sepulchre f in the Jewry ; and from 
theiice arofe the vulgar opinion that it was a Jewifii Synagogue, 
and that the Jews lived there ; but having (hewn that the Jews 
had their Synagogue, aud lived in another part of the town, we 
may conclude that ihis church was built by the Templars, or by 
fome perfon concerned in the Croiliides. It will be ea(ier to ai^ 
certain the age, than to tell who was the founder of it; Corlhe 
age may be nearly afcertained by the flyle of the building, which, 
Dotwithftandtng the alterations and additions which have been 
made in it, has fo much ok the original left, that I have been able to 
trace all its parts, andreprefent it in the ftate, in which the build- 
ers left it : and from thence I may venture to pronounce th/tt it 
was built in the reign of Henry the firft, or between the firft and 
fecond Croifades ; and is, I apprehend, the oideHf church of cbia 
form in England, being bnllt before the Templars became mafters 
of the vaft property they had afterwards in this and other parts of 

«< We have no certain account that the Templars poflefled any 
prt of what is called the Jewry ; but that they did not poiTe^ 

* Obfervationi on the Origin and Antiquity of Round ChurcTies; and 
of the Round Church at Cambridi^e io particular. By Mr. James Rflex, 
F. A. S. 

t In 1155 it was valued at 1 mark by the name of Bcc. 6iL S^^tUehri^ in t 
taxation, made of all ecclefiaftical and temporal e Hates, accor({log to their 
true taIuc throughout «U £pgUiid» 


360 Jin tuioukt 9ffbt Hindus Rhmd Ghtrrip 

the whole in the time of Edward the firft 19 certain. : fof iit cblf 
year 1246, the fourth of his reigo^' ooe Robert . Folbdrn ga^ 
fome ftooe houfesoppofite St. Sepulchre's charch to the canooo^ 
of Bernwell. * This was 37 years before the order of Temp- 
lars was diflblved ; therefore coulid not have b6sn f^art of their 
habitations: of whofe hbdfes there is how DOthtog remainidg.*' 

** After the order of the Knight Templars wjs diflblved id 
the year 1313* the advowfoQ of St. Sepulchre's church was ^vcn 
to the priory of Bernweli.f at which titfie (as I apprehend) the 
church Was raifed a ftory higher,* for the reception of bdls,' aod the 
chancell was then added, and dedicated to St. Andrew | the psT- 
€i*on of Bernwell-priory, in which the prefentatioqi condmiied un- 
til that was dtObltred by Henry the Eighth/ and is now in tbie 
gift of the Biftiop of Ely/ 

I think there can be no doubt eiih^ of the thne When Mi 
churdh was builr, or that they who built it intended it Aioald re- 
fembie the church of the RefurreAioo or holy fepulchre in Jem- 
falem » and I muft obferve that as far as can be judged from the 
defcriptions given of that church, this is the beft copy we have 
of it in England : but a perfect rcfecbblance mufl not bt expec* 
ted, where the fmailne(s of one compared to the other woaHl 
make an exaA imitation no better than a large modd which 
could be of no ufe but to amufe the curious* This church, inr iti 
prefent ftate^ appears under a variety of difadvantages, arrCi^ from 
jthe many alterations and additions it has undergone fince it waf 
firft built ; but that th6 real defign of the arehtteft may be i^eo, I 
have (as far as tny knowledge of the feveral ftyles of architefluDe ex- 
tends } endeavoured to reftore what has been loft or changed^ and 
remove what has been added, but notwithftanding the drawings I 
have made § are from an aftual furvey, they will appear very dif- 
ferent from the prefent church, if compared with the bnildiog it* 
^df, by thofe who are tinacquainted with the pecularities of each 
flyle. In its prefent ftate it is a ftory higher than the architeft 
faitended it (hould be. This addition was made for the recepfioti 
of bells in the rdgn of Edward thefecond, and the windows 
(except one now out of view) were then altered to give more 

• Parker*! Hiftory of Cambridge, from a MS. in the Cotton, Library, 

t As the Church was not taxed among Aie Spiritualities belonging to tbe 
priory of Barnwell in the yeai 1291, twenty tWo y^ars before the order waV 
diflblved, it probably did not belong to them until after the yea^ tji/i 
but it is uncertain to whom it belonged befdre. 

t Blomfteld't collea. Cantab. 

I Scs pi. XX. Arcbaeologia, Vol. Yl, p.' i?}* 

In Cambridge y ice* , S^t 

light. The prefent chancelwas likewife added at that time, and 
the ornaraeots about the door wert defaced and partly hid by a 
wooden portai) : but to complete the deformity, a modeVn buiid* 
ing has been added to the north fide of the church. All thefe 
additiofis are omitted, and the alteration reftored in the plan and 
elevation. But the infide is as much deformed as the outfide : 
a gallery has been built juil above the arches,, which reduces the 
circle to a fqiiare, and by its projection hides the pillars of the 
upper portico. Pews, which are no ornament jo any church, 
and never intended in this, fill the area below, and not only in- 
cumber the pillars, fo that they appear much heavier, and more 
6ut of proportion, than they are, but deftroy the real form and 
apparent magnitude of the building ; all thefe are omitted in the 
feAion, where the windows and other parts are drawn as they 
were originally, and not as they are now, that thofe who are 
curious in the antiquities of thofe times may fee what fort of 
building it was, and the true form which the architefl gave it. 

From the prefent irregular appearance of this and many other 
churches which pafs under the general appellation of Gothic, it is 
natural toconchide that the architedts in thofe days had no idea 
of proportions or convenience, nor any rules to dircft them in the 
formation of their plans and execution of their works, but that all 
they did was the effeft of mere chance ; yet, if we impartially ex- 
amine this building cleared of all the incumbrnmces which have 
been added to it in different ages; we (ball find it once was reg4;i- 
lar, and we may believe the perfon who planned it was not igno- 
rant of pradlical geometry, that he knew fomething of propor- 
tions though he wanted tatie, and like the* celebrated Sir John 
Vanbrugh, who was well acquainted with the proportions of Greek 
and Roman archiceflure, he wanted judgement to apply them 
and gave to the various parjs of this building fuch as were cal- 
culated to make it flrong rathejr then beautiful, which made it 
appear more like a caflle than a church on the outfide, and hea- 
vy and gloomy within." * 

1 he plan and elevation given by this ingenious architefl to (hew itt 
original ftate, is indeed very different from the pre(ent appearance 
of this ancient church. Inflead of the high cmbattleraents 
which our engraving reprefents riling above the houfcs, his ter- 
minates a little above the lirft window, and exhibits a conicai 
rout, on whofe fummit is fixed a crofs. 

• Archtcologia, Vol.6, P. 1^3, &c. 

Z z The 

36a Ofurcb NotiS,-ffc. fim tP'atirperry, in Orfirdjhtfi. 

The iufidc is very iacpnveoieot and heavy, in its appeanptt, 
por docs it, we believe, cootaia aoy mooameDts or infcripridDS 
worthy ttotice. But let it be remembred that the celebrated Dr. 
Ogdcn here preached Us admired fcrmoDs which were aftenvards 

pabli(hed. , . _ .. _ . 

The Reverend Mr.^CoIthurft, of Sydney Colkgc, officiates 

here at prefedt* 

Art. VI. Church Notes^ bfc./rm fTaUrperry, in O^^ordfinn. 

This Manor is fituated in the Eaftcrn borders of the County 
on the river Thame, and in the hundred of Thame, and has been 
long the feat of the Knightly family of Curzon. The foUowin^ 
is from a MS. in the Briti(h-Mufeum. 

Watcrpcrry, Co. Oxford, Mayai. 1660. 

Agaioft the north wall of the Chancell, a uble of black marble,. 

Thereon this. 


Sbce that lyeih here, within this gloomy grave. 

Enjoyed all virtues that a mind could have. I 

Let this fuffice thee then, in greifc to know, 

Shce once was fucb, as^ thou mayft read below. 

Lord Dormer's daughter, Sir John Curfon's wife. 

To whome fourc fons and daughters two (he bore 5 1 

Belovd by all (hee Uv'd, yet chaog'd tfiis life. 

For fuch a life as never (hall change more j 
A Magdalen by name, and Saint by grace, 
Dy'd much bewailed ani burled in this place: 
Then happy fcee, who fuch a life did lead, 
As (he now lives anew, though (he is dead. 

Overall, on a bend S. 3 pWgeons O. Impaling Dormer, R m 
io billets O. on a chief A. a demi lyon ramp. ilTuant. vj 

Agahift the fouth wall oppofite to the lafl:, a table of black mar- 
ble with a man in armour and his vrife, between tbem both a ta- 
ble, thereon two books, and this infcriptioii. 

Here lyeth the body of Sir Frauncis Carfpii, Knight, fometkoe 


Church NoUs, fcflf. from fTatirpirry, in Oxfirdjbiri. 363 
Lord of this Manor, who mailed Anne Southcott^ the third 
daughter of Mr. Joftice Southcott, of Wyttom, in the county of 
Eflex^ one of the Judges of the King's Bench, by whomc (he had 
iflue two fondes and four daughters (viz.) Sir John Cnrfon, now 
living, and Mr. Richard Curfon, deceafed, daoghters, Frances, ££• 
zabetli, Anne and Mary. A. D; i6io. Oft. 31. 

Sir John Curfon married with Magdalen Dormer, the fecond 
daughter of Sir Robert Dormer, of Wing, in theCounty of Bucks^ 

Towards the bottom of the monnmeat a table (thereon a book,) 
between 4 daughters and a fons, one of them being in armour. 

At the fide of die moQnment thefe arms. 

Curfon inipaling Dormer, 

Curfon with a mullet S. in finifler canton, impaljng Saundtn 
per Chevr. S. & A. 3 £lephanrs Heads arafed ccTunterchanged : 
overit 6uribn and Saunders. 

Curfon impaling Corbetu O. a raven S, 

Curfon impaling Soutbcott A« a chevr. G. int. -j choughs S. 

Curfon impaling GiffardG. 3 lyon3pafs. A* 

Over all Curfon* 

I. A on a fefle G. 3 horfes heads couped A. 
. 2. Paly of 6. A and S. on a chevr. G. a croftlet O. 
. 3. Per chevr. ^ .lapwings heads Erafed A. With mantCng 
and creft, which is A. a Pidgeoa Segreant O. Under it the 
motto which is DURUM PATI. 

In the body of the church a fair grey marble ftone ; thereon in 
braile, a man in armour and his wife ; under them 8 boys. At 
the corners of the ftone thefe armes 

Curfon quartering, i . on a feiTc 3 horfes heads coup*d. a. Paly of 
6* on a chevr. a crofslef . 3. per Chevr. 3 Peacocks heads rafed 

Curfoawith thefip 3 laft quaterings impaling Sanoders as 


Curfon with the thfee (juarteringSt 
Saunders alone. 

An iiifcription is here pulFd ofF, but the verge Is thus circum* 
Icribed ; between every word a death's bead and two bones fal- 

Zz 9 tier 

364 Church Ndiiesy *fic*frofn Waterperry^ in Oxfvrdjhirt. 
ticrwifc alternately, viz. Scimus quod redemptor nojier vmti et 
in NoviJJimo die de terra furreSluri fumus^ et rurfum circttmda^ 
himur pelle ---r-- --------- 

Jint, et non alii, reppfiti et hocfpcs nojlra injinu noftro. W, C. 
This ftone was removed from the Aoguftioe Friars at Oxford, 
at the DiiTolutioa or baildiog of Wadfaam College, bdog for 
Walter Cktrfon, 

On another braiTe not ftf off a woioaa; Qiuler her 

' Ifabele Beaufo jadis la fem - - - - - 
Nolin gift icy ; dleu de SaL . - - - - 

la a north windo^v of the Church. 

S. a mullet betw. 3 falcons A. beird, beak'd, and membred 0« 

A. a beodlet finifter S. betw. 6 de lis G. 

A man in armour kneeling ; on his furcoat a bend betwr* 6 fleoia 

A womaQy and Jjebtod her a daughter kneeling. 

In a chapel on the fouthfide of the church, on the groond, a 
gray marble ftoae, thereon in braffc a man in armour, and under 
Ara $ boys |nd 9 girls.— —Several plates of this fionc tore off. 

In a window pver this laft ftone, thefe 

A. 3fufilsinfefleG, 

Per faltier A..}ipd B. 

O. 3 pyles ip point B. 
— A man in armour, kneeling } on his furcoat his armes, vi^ 
Curfon quar^teri^g the 3 former quarteriogs as in the graveftonc, 
in feffe point a mullet A ; behind him 8 men in blue kneeting ; 
oppofite to him a woman in purple kneeling ; on her gownc her 
armc^, (viz. Saundersy as before) behind her, 7 women in blue. 
Under thefe, thefe armcs, vii. Curfon with the 3 quarterings ;•-?• 
Curfon with the fame, impaling Saurtders^^SLud Saunders alopCf 

Under all this, written in the glafle. 

** Pray yee for the foule of Walter Curfon and Ifabell hys wifei 
vhofe goody^ as well the roofe of thys church, and the roofe 
of this the Lordys He, aod the cover! ng- of leed of all the fame 
as alfoe this window were made, whofe bodyes reft in the Au* 
guftine Freers Churche yn Oxfordc, which Walter dyed the 7th 
day of Appylc) yn the year of our |-ord God MCCCCXXVII, 
on whofe, Lc" 

■ u 

Church Notes ^ lie. ftdm MtidU-Claii»n^ tit. ^g 

In an arch of the wall here, a Knight Templar ; on his ihield 

appears a t^odlet between 6 fleurs de lis. One Ledwilt^ ^ 

In an eaft window of this chapel tbefe ariQS, ' ' 

A. a bend int. 6 de lis G* . ^ 

Erm. 3 chevr. G. 
J^cr falticr A. and B. 

In the eaft window of the church. 

r - - • impalipg A. a chevrons G.^ 

The Uft of this family of Wateirpcrry, (who were BarooetA 
lately devifed this eftate to Henry, jfon of the Hon. Piiincis Ko" 
per, uncle to Lord Teynham, who has taken the namVof Car- 
pon^ and May 21, 1788, married the daughter of « - * H«^ 
kins, Efq. <^ Nafhi in the pariOi of Booghtoa*uiider«Blean, 

Akt.VII; CburebNttes, (ic. fremI£il£g'Clitfthtt in tbt County 


Middle-Claydon is fituate in the north*eaft parts of thecounty, 
near to Window, in the Hundred o£ Cotflow. The moft re- 
markable objeA of this parifti is the magnificeat feat of Earl Ver- 
ney, whofe fina^ices have fuffered cooflderably by the additional 
buildings and improvements which he carried on at this place. 

Wichm thefe few years the furniture has been fold by aufiion, 
and the houfe is at prefent uninhabited. ^ 

The following unpubli(hed Notes, from a MS. in the Britifli 
Mufeum, may ferve to illuftrate the more ancient part of this 

•< Some Notes of Middle Claydon Church, in Com 1 Bucks^ 

In the greate windowe of the Chancell, at the end. 

f ' Orate pro bono ftatu Radolphi Vemey Mititis, - • •** 
7b^ reft is broken out, and turned. 

• Htrl. MS8. 4170, p. "7—10; 

Ob t very wdl wrought alabaftcr moaameot at the upper CDd oC 
the Chancell. 

Veroeys arias with fome quarteriogs, mantliog and oeft. 
* IlDder it 3 perfoos ob their knees at ao altar, and below it, this 

Alnunoamin Reqoies mors. 

I Illriao Vemey, Eiquire, the fixth of fcaven fonoes and hvo 
daoghters of Sir Ramlfe Vcmey, Knight, at my death iiad this 
monument made fof myfelfe and my wite Lettice Veriicy, dandier 
of Sir George Giffbrd, Kiiighte, by wfaome I had iflbe one buitj 
Edmnnd Veraey, and I the furmour of my fix brothers and two 
.4aoght«ts, the one maryed to Sir Francis Hynde, Cnighte^ sod 
the other to Sir NichoUs Poyatz. Knighte, 1608.* 

Under diis, Vemey impaling Gifibrd, being 3 lions paflant. 

On the foiuh fide of the Cb^ncell, a ?ery high and carious tomb^ 

with many armes qmrteicdy effigies, 2^ is this wfitcen. 

Sacred to the memory of the crer honored 

Sir Edmund Verney, who was Knight MaHhall 

|8 yeares and Sundhtfd Bearer to King Charles 

the firft to that memorable battle of £dg-hill 

where he was flain on 2 3d of Oftober 164 2» being 

then in the two and fiftieth yeare of his agp^ 


In hoooor of Dame Margaret his wife, eldeft 

daughter of Sir Thomas D^ton of Hillefdon, Knt. 

3y whcHn (he had fix fons and fix daughters. She 

dyed at London on the 5th, and was buried here 

on the 7th of Aprill 1641 , in the 47th yeare of her agit 


To the perpetviall hoopnr and n^emory of that 

mod excellent and incomparable perfon Dame 

Mary, fole daughter and heire of John Blacknall 

of Abingdon, in the County of Berks, Efq.antl 

Ifirife ^ Sir lUlphc Vemey, (eldeft foo of the 

faid Sir Edmund and Dame Margaret) by 

whome'flie had three fonnes and three 

daughtersi whereof onely Edmund and 

John are liYing ; (he deceafed at Blois 

in France on ^e lotb day of May 1650^ 

* This epleaph fcems fo ftrangely worded| that Ae^OPTi ftwu wlddiil 
Mttrsnfcribed, it prpl^Uy i<iac9urs;«. 

in fhi County tf Bufis^ ^ 

being about the age of 34 years, atid 

Itas here interred on the 19th. of November 

following where her faid hoiband (at 

whofe charge and by whofe appointment 

this monument wad ereAed) inteflds 

to be buried. 

On the North fide of the chanccll up in the wall is a fine tomb 
with the following Infcriptiook 

The Honorable Colonel! 


(5th, Son of Sir Edmund Vemey, Kot. Marihall* 

and Standard bearer at Edge-Hill Battle) 

who faithfully ferved King Charles the i ft 

in his warrSy and departed this life in the 50th ^ 

yeare of his age, and of our Lord ^671. 

To whofe memory this monument was 

Eredted at the charge of his loveing Sifter 

Penelope (ad. daughter of the fidd Sr« Edmund Verneyi 

firft the wife of Jobo Denton of Fawler 

X * inOxfordOiire, Efq. by whom flie had onefoa 

and two daughters ^0 all died young; 

And fince the wife of Sir John Oftx>nic, Knt« 

eighth fon of Sr. Richard Oiboro» Ent. and Baron^cc 

of Knockmone-Caftk in the County of 

Waterford in the Kingdom of Irebad. 

On the north fide of the Chancell near the laft tomb, is a fin^ 
white marble Monument, with an Urn»&c, well workt^ tncon* 
-paft about with black marble. 

The arms are Vernon impaling Palmer, 
'* Ar 3 Pilgrims fcrips (ab. Armed Or.*^ 

In |h« middle the Infcription following. 

M. 9. 

Elizabeth Verwst 

Wife of John Verney of Wafcing 

in the County of Berks, £fq, 

(ad. fon of Sr. Ralph Verney, Knight and Baronet) 

* See an account Qf him la Lloyd's (.oyilifti^ P^ ) S '• 


}69F Mijcellanious Epitaphs, if a . , 

The ddcft Daoghter 

of Ralph Palmer of little Chelfea in Middkrex, ECq. 

She left foure Children, ?iz. 

Ralpi), Elizabeth, Mary and Margaret 

And departed this life 

the XXth. day of May, Ao. Dom. MDCLXXXVL 

in the aad. yearc of her agq. 

Erefted to the memory of the mod 

beloTed and moft deferring wife. ^ 

Art. VIII* MifceUani$us Epifaphs ef tb€ i6tb 
and 1 1th Century. 


D. D. 

To the Glorie of God, and to the pioas memorie 

of Rofe» the late virtnous wife of John 

Atkinfon Marcbant, and citizen of London 

who (as fliee had often forefpoken) died in child- 

^ bed ; and her fpirit returning to him that gave 

it, her body was here laid up in. the hope of 

*a glorious RefurreAion tl^ 3d. of Novem. 1626. 

Stay; yoo that, heedlefs of the dead, 

Pa(&on this way; behdde and read. 

This l^ofc (crewhile a lovelie flowre) 

Had leaves as faire as fre{h as your. 

Which call their fwect perfumes about ; 

Like pretions Ointments, poured out. 

She liv'd as others taught (he (hould; 

She died as (he herfelf foretolde ; 

And, in a budd, which from her grewe. 

Did in her death her life renewe. 

Now ist' no wonder it be fedd 

That branch fliould live whofe root is dead ; 

Yet here is one, from out her ton>be 

This verie Rofe anew (hnli bloome. 

M S. P. 

* Vifiution of Buck*s 1634, with ContinuationsyF. ii6» 
Mut Bcic Bibl. Harl. 1311. 

.Afs/cellanifftts Efitapbspffc. 369 

IFormenhaV^ Buch. 'Mayii^ i66qu 

In the ChaoceU againil the foath wall, a plate of brafTe, there- 
on a tabk» (nt)on whicit two books) betweea a man ai^ woman, 
behind him 5 Ibna, behind her 6 danghters and an in£mt. Ua« 
derail, this. 

The ag^d root that twelve times fruit did beare* 
(Though firft and laft were bl^ed in their prime) 
1$ withered now» and warufs his children dme, 
Though yet they Tpring, 10 Kqow their wiater'a time. 

So laboured he and fo is gone to reft ; 
So liv'd, fo dyed, m all (but curTed) bleft. 
Blefle, Lord, his fellow roote, that Uvea as ye^ 'X • 

But as a vine without her prop decayed 
And blefler ttieir branches, wnich thefe two did gett. 
And fend them fapp to nouriAi them allwayes : 
BlelTe root and f>ranch, that all may grow in thee. 
And meet at length to eat of thy rpot-tree» 

Pbilippo King, Generofo, ab ineunte aetata in sedlbns ' Reve* 
rendi Patris ac patrui ipfins Domini Robert! King Epifcopi 
^Oxon» et clarilQmi viri Dom. Jobis Williams de Thame libera* 
nflime educato, cbarlfs. Conjugi, et ad annum peae qnadra- 
gefimum jugom maritale, f}a4 pcrpjeflb, vbft ac morte cum per- 
honefle tuni religioriflime perfun£^e^ monqnoeatumi iftud Memi 
et ilUbati amoris pofuit Elizabetha King uxor fuperftes* Except 
qcbac vita 12 Januarii A. D. 1592. 

On a wooden table againft the north wall of the Chancell thefe 
, armes* 

Bp. of London impaling, a lyon rampt. betw« 3 cr^ft croff« 
lets. Over all a mitre; under ail 1622*^ 

Hmptan Giff Oxfix4fiin, May M%% if^. 

Againft the north wall of the Chancell, the proportions of a 
man and woman in aUbafler, between them a de(k, thereon two 
bookes open ; all between two pillars of black marble. • Over 
them thdfe armes, 

* Harl. MSS. 4170, p. ti. 
See an account of Dr. Henry King, Top.' I, p. 4yS« 

3 A B. ft 

370 Mifcettaniouf EphapBt,&c. 

B. 2 lions pa&« gard. O/ impaling A. 2 Imuts C. & cbief $ 
cioquefoils S. 

On a Ubk of gr^ marble, over it tlMS# 
• Aone Barry, dattghter of John Denton of Amberfdett, in the 
County of Oxford, Efquire, and of Magdalene his wife, bdi^ 
one of the daughters d Sir John Broome of Halton, io the Ui 
County, Knight, and lately the wife of Vincent Barry, Ibinetiffle 
Lord of the Manor of Hampton Gaye, in reftimoDy of the love (he 
did ever bear taher decealed hu(band, with whome (he lived in 
great love and contentment by the fpice cf 35 yeares, and by 
whom (he had two daughters, Margaret who died yoang, and 
Kathcrine, the now Lady of Sir Edward Fermor, Kt. did 
at her owne coft and charge ereA this as the laft token of her Ime, 
in memory of her huiband and their iflfue. 

Over the monument thefe armes. 

B. 2 lions pafs. gard* O. 

A. 2 bars G. in chiefs mullet S. quartering i. A. afefle dami* 
cy G. betweep 3 billets B. 2. O. a lion ramp. S. 3. G. a feOe 
dauncy betw. 6 crofslets fitchy O. 4. Erm. on a feflc B. 3 
croftlets patee O* 5. A. on 2 pales S. 6 crofslets A. between 
the pales 3 calves heads rafed. The Creft a beaft couchant G/ 

Brome with quarteriugs and Creft. 

At the bottom of the monument the fame armes without crefts.* 

San/ord, Oxf9rJ/biri* Jug 8, 1660. 

On the north fide of the Chancell a raifed monument of fton^ 
withoC^t jtrmes or infcription. On the fouthiide the Uke. 
In the body of the church on a graveftone, on the ground^ this. 
Here lieth the body of Mr. Henry Coxed, who deceafed Sept, 

ii, 1652. . 

And of Elizabeth Parfons, his daughters dayghtetp who dt- 
ceafed the 9th of Odlober following. 

Over the porche door on the outfide of the churche this. 

Condidit me Domina Eliza. Uham 

Anno Gratis 1652 

Porticus Patrona. 

' Thaokes to tfcy charity, religious Dame, 
Which found me old, and made me new again.t 

•Ibid, p.i. 

t Ibid. p. 7** . 

Art. IX. 

Smi 4uc9tmt rfTam/lotk^ in Devonfinre yji 

Art- IX. Some account ofTawflock^ in Devonjbirf^princtpallf from 
WeftcoVs MS. before quoted. 

<' Nov Tow tnniiog to the left haod runs on to TowftQck» 
ia oar aooeftof^ fpeech a feate upon Tow» a pleafaot and delycatc 
feat indeed, ic a rych foyle, and inhabited by worthy perfonag^-Aa 
of Brufe or. Braab, for 8r. Vfm. de Brans \jnA here in the tyme 
of Richard the firft ; after the oobk fiyrpe of Tracye ;* ( i 
Edw. Ill) after the lords Fitzwarren ; and now of the illnftrioua 
famely of Bowchier, Edward Earle, of Bathe, Lord Fitzwarren; 
Lovayn and Denham, whoes highe defcent delyniated by a lear* 
fted AAd fldlfull penoell/ I might (but without his LordOiip's 
leave 1 dare not) pnblyflie* 

Yet by his Ix>rdfliip's favour, in regard they have their rcr 
fidenoe in (and are natives of) this countrye, and a chief orna- 
ment thereof, I will tender my fervice ta bim, that was the pri* 
mum mobile of thefe my labours ; a ftronge perf wader, and woaM 
have byn a great affiftant (beinge Hngularly a^of n^ with the befl 
fdences) had not the faces ptherwife decreed. ; 

The Lot ds Fitzwarren deduce their pedegree froni Sir Quarin0 
de Menu a Lorano}S| whp toke to wief the daughter and heyVe of 
Wm. Perereil (who is fay'd to build the Caftle of Wyttington 
in Shropfhire, which was accounted Qapnt B^rouiic) and bcgatf 
Fulke the father of that thryce renowned Sr. Fulk Fitzwarren, 
Knt. of whoes dooghtye deeds, and valuable adventures in the 
warrs, our predeceflbrs fpake wonderofly^ ^and. many poems 
V^ere compofed. This honor pafled from Hanckford to Bower* 
^ier, of which heroicall family John f (the fonn of Foulke Ijord 

3 A ^ Fitz- 

^ Here Mr, WeAoot confoaoiU thit placf with Taviftopk- 
t Which John (fayt Dttfi:«lale,} i6 Henry Vlf. being of fall age, had 
a Ipecial livery of his lands ; and in 8 mnry VIIT. upon the death of ^ 
Elizabeth his mother (filler and heir to John Lord Dynham) had the Uke 
liTery of all the cadles, honors, lordihipiv and lands* which, by her 
death, defcended to'him, IVIoreoTer in aa Henry VIII. with the M of 
the Lords, he ^ibfcribed that letter to Bope Clement the Seveath> whereby 
they (ignified to him, what was like to become of Kit fupremacy in tljis 
realm, in cm(^ hp did not comply with King Henry VIIL in that budncTs 
of his divorce from Q^ Catherine. And, by his teftament, bearing date 
lo OAober, Anno* 1535, (27 Hen. VIIL) bequeathed his body to be 
buried in the church of Baunton, in Com. Dnton. or jn the chapel there, 
fi^here his father lieth interred ; appointing, that an herfe ihould be placed 
over his grave, with ta|«ert upon she fame, burning at all times'of f)ivi|^ 
jpprTice and prayers, there to be faid and done for iSs foul attbs tin)£ q^ his 


FitzWtrrea) was crett^d (by Kio^c Hcory the eighth) xhm Sdi of 
jalyin the 28th ^enre of his reigne, Earl <^ Bath, the fecbod^ 
that enjoyed that hoaor. He married Cicely, lifter and heycr to 
Henry* . Lord Dat^benye Eark ct Brydgewaler, and had iffae, ' 

John Lord Ficzwarttn. 


Efitabeth carried to Edward Chkhafer^f Rai^Ii/£fqr » 

iDorothy, wief df Sn John Fliiford> Knt. 
* Eleanor. 



Johti BD>)9^6tther, (eo6nd of that timdt^ Earle of Bttib; ourryei 
to his firft wief Elizabeth, daughter to Sr. Waller Hmgerfardf 
Xiit« and had imve; 


Secondly be lAarrted Etiftoor daughter of Oeoi^ Mnnors toA 
^6s, and had iflne, 

John Bowercber^ Lord Fitzxi^arreo, who married FVaiioes» da: 
of Sr. Thomas Kytfon of Hengrave in Sufiblkep and had iffiMV 
VTm, Lord FitZvi^iifren, tod Earle of Batth. 

4. Henry. , 

*'3. Sr. George Bowartber, Knt. a Worthy commaaddr in Aie 
Irifli warrs/ father of Henry, 5th EarL 


Ccdlye, wicf of Thomas Peyton of Plymonrii, Efq. 

Marye married to Hugh WyOtt, of Esfeter, Efq. 
' EKtabtth. 
' Aiargartt, and 

Frances. • 

To his third wief he married Margaret, daughter and beyr to 
John DoQuiogtOD, Efquier, and had iffiie Snian ; — - * 

Brydget married to Arthtlr Price of VayDor, of Mbtm^go- 
«iiery, 'm, Wales* 

exeqvKet. Atfd thu a Treatidl of Maflfes ^ould be faid at bis Mndis 
NSMt \ it ttib aaocher Trcntal on the dty of his AnaiTerAirjf with TU^c^ 
aind Dirigi^ and odier orifeas. LikewUe, that a tombe-ftone of marble 
jftcmld be fct over hii zmttf with bit portraiture in hrafs, and bis annes, 
whh the day and year othrs death graven thereon. Alfo, that an hoacft 
ieeular Prieft ihould fing Mafs in that ehappel, for the health of ha fouU 
by the fpacc of twenty yearesnext after his deoeafe. And to his lbs ^nd 
h«ir. Sir John Bourchicr, he thereby b«iuoathed,aU his beddioj^y haiigiy^gs» 
$M hou(hold-nuffeat Toweftoke, in Com. D#Ma." 
Pugdalt*s B^tmi i Vol. il« f • tju 


Scfte Account rfTawfied^ in lUooi^Urt^ &iv 373 

WHlbm Bowcher was the thinl cf that furnaioe, Eari oFfiajth* 
Ix>rd Lieuteoaat of Devon aad the Cytcie of Exeter. He marrioA 
Elizabeth, daoghcer to Francis Lord Roflell, Earleof Sedfprd, vA 
bad tffiie» 

Robert and JohA, who both died yonoge. 

Edward, now the fourth Eark, made Kot. of the Badi .at dtt 
creation of Priiice Henry 1610. 

Frances a daughter. 

Of this noble Peer, of bis xttt worth, and honorable mynd, I 
unght fpeak laraely, yet hardly to the height of his aerryt ; I wttl 
therefore only lay (as well for the generad as my particular Jofle) 
with QpadrigariuS) ** Opiimi enim quiqae minime diuraant.^. 

« Edward Bonrcher is now the fourth of that name, Earie of 
Bath, he married Dorothy, daughter of Oliver, Lord St. Johne <£ 
Bletfowe, and bath iiTne <-" 

So far this MS. agrees pretty accurately with Dngdale, wb6 
adds this Edward's fecond marriage with Anne, daugjhter cf 
Sir Robert Lovet of Lifoombe, in Com. Bucks, Knt, By 
]>orothy the firft wife he had ifiue one fon named John, who 
died an infant, and three daughters, Elizabeth married to Basilic ■ 
Earl of Denbigh ; Dorothy to Thomas Lord Grey ofGroby^ 
eldeft fon to Henry Earl of Stamford ; and Anne, to James Earl 
of Middlefex ; and afterwards to Sir Chichefter Wrey, Bart. . « 

But l^ the fecond iiTue, he died at his Manor of 
Toweftoke, 2d. March, An : i636« ( iz Car. II.} and was there 

The Male line thus failing. Sir Henry Sourchier, Ent.^ (onto 
Sir George (third fon to Jdin, the feoond of that name Earl of* 
Bath) by Martha his wife, daughter of Wm. Lord Howanl ^f 
Effinghami fncceeded in this Earldom, and all other honors 
beloDgtag thereto. Which Ifenry married Rachael, daughter of 
Francis, Earl of Weft moreland, anddying without ifliie 15, Aug, 
Aif: 1654, lieth buried at Towftock with his Anceftors,* where 
be hath a noble monument erefled to bis memory, on which is 
engraven a long Epitaph (printed in Dugdale) illuftratiireof this 
noble family * 

About the year 165^2, we find that Sir Chichefter Wrey, of 
Trebitch, in Cornwall, Bart, married Anne (coheir of the Earl of 
Bath) Connteis Dowager of Middlefex^ reliA of James, Earl of 
ifid(Ue£ex« above mentioned, by whom he became pofldTed of a 

• Dugdalc't Bar.' VoL U. P..13S. 


krge «flate in the county of I>e?on, aod the noUe fear of Tov« 
ftock* He dying ia May, 1668, was faoceeded by his eldeft fon 
Sir Bourcbict Wrey, wha was created one of the Koigbts of the 
Bath at the coronation of King Charles the fccond, and after 
many miliury fervices, and having been member of Parliament 
|br Lefkard, in Cornwall, all the latter end of his life, died Jaly 
aStb, 1696, leaviog ifTue by Florence^ daughter to Sir ykxa. 
Rolle, of Stevenftooe, in Devon, Knt. of the Bath, one daagbter 
aod two fonsy Chichefter, Re^lor of Towftock, and Sir Boorcbier 
Wrey, his heir and facceiTor, who married Diana, daughter to 
John Rolle, of Stevendone, Efq* by whom (who died 1726) he 
left iflue another Sir Bourchier his fucceflbr, who was focceeded 
by another .Sir Bourchier Wrey, the prefent Bart* who has been 
twice married.* 

The old houfe here had the credit of being the largeft and beft 
finiQied in the county. It was obferved that there waa a view 
from thence of the beft manor, beft manCon, fineft-church, and 
* richefi rectory, in aU the county. There is a park here. 

Sir Bourchier, as we are informed, has been lately rebnilding 
Ibis houfe, (i^ring which w^ believe a fire t^appen'd, which had 
yearly relevrird it with theground. 

Art. X. An account ofHorJheaih^ in the County of Cambridge^ 
ib^ fiat of the jlllingUnsy and Jince of the Bromfyes, mm lord 

Horfeheath is in the Hundred of Chilford; bordering on the 
woods on the eaft boundaries of the county,, next Suffi>lk. It 
pafied from the Argentons to the Alliogtoos ^o were fettled 
here in the reign of Henry V. On their extinAion t^ be- 
ginning of this century, it was ptircbafed by Mr- Broonley, an- 
ceftor of Lord Montfort. 

*' A ffquare Tower, four bells, one ail and Cbancell ; in feveral 
' windows the armes of the Earls of Oxford ; in the South win- 
dows, two coats impaled, 1 pcr-felTe A & S a pale & 3 griffins 
heads erafed counterchanged, Gardiner^ impaling Ravenfcroft, %z 
chcvr. between 3 griffins beads erafed A. 2. Luzengy A aqd S 
impaling the famje. 

In the north window Alington Arg. abend engrailed bet^efn 
10 billets S. quatering G. 3 cups covered A. Argenton impaliag 

• Kimbcr's Baronetage, Vol. I, p. 301. 
•\ From MS« Colk£Uons of the laft century. 


Ah Account ofRorJbiOtb^ f^c. 37J 

paly wavy of 6, A&G------ which coat quajtcrs quar* 

tcrly, O & B. 

hff^VL MintomxA ArgentofiyimfdXxng^ Erm. 3 barsG. 

. - • Sadeham de Frin • - - - - projncietar Dci» 

Amen. A. D. 1400. 

In the chancel windows Checquy A & S. impaling G. a fret 
O. and bordure A. charged with fleurs de^lis, and a trefoil dipt 
S. alternately. 

The laftdoat Angle. 

In the Chancel wall. 

Hie depofinim corpns Thomae Wakefield 37 Aonos Eccldiae 
hajus Reftoris necnon Judithae axoris ejus qoibas parentavit filing 
Thomas, qui patri in hac Recloria fucceflit A. D. 162']. 

Several flat marble (tones with the infcription of one with M^ 
Ungton and Argenton^ ici. with a labe!, &c. 

On another. 

Hie jacet Joanna Allinton foror et nna herednm Johannis 
Argeuteyn filii Johanuis, filii Williclmi Argenteyn Militis, que 
obiit 15 die Mail A. D» 1429. 

On the South a moft noble monument of two Knights, at fntl 
length in Armor, one lying above the other, fupported by pillars 
with feveral quarterings 01 AUington on the top : viz 2d. Argen^ 
teyn ; 3d. B* 7 martlets O, a canton Erm* 4th, per felle, A & S. 
a pale and 3 griffins counterchanged- Creft. A Talbot, Ermine* 

Infcription for the undermoft Knight. 

' Here under lyeth buried Sir Gyles AUenton,^ Knight, who died 
April 3d. 1522 ( 13 Henry VIII ) He married Mary, only daugh- 
ter and heir of Sir Richard.Gardiaer Knight, and by her had iSiie 
Gyles, George, John, Anthony, Robert, Richard, A wdley, Joane 
and Mary. 

. lofcription for the upper Koight. 

Sir Gyles Alington, Knt. fon and heir of Sir Gyles Alington, 

Knt. died Augyft 22, 1586, and in the year of his age 86. He 

married Urfula daughter of Sir Robert Drnry Koight, and by her 

had ifliie Robert ; fecoodly he married Alice, daughter and har of 

. John Middleton^ Efq. before wife of Thomas Elriogton, £fq. and 

• See Vol. I, p. tSr-tSS. 

^j6 An acfiuta 9f Ikrjbeatb^ 

Vjr her had \(ht Thomas^ Richard^ WilKain, Philip, Aooc; 
Frances, Elizabeth, Jaoe, and Margaret. And thirdly he married 
Margaret, daiighier of Jobo^ Tallakame, ££]. before wife of 
Thcoias Argall, Efq. and bad by her no iflTue. 

Talakarne's arms. O. on a fefs. betw. 3 raj^ens with he»b 
ttverfed S. a garb betw. a crofslets fitchy O. 
* Midleton. A fret, and canton & 

Dmry A. on achief vert, a mullets O. 

On the eaft lide of the upper part of the tomb. 

' Kobert Alingtoo, Efq> fon and heir apparent of Sir Gyle* 
I AKngton, Knight,- dyed May 22, 1552. He married Margaret^ 
the daughter c2F William Ccmielbye, one of the Judgite of the 
Lanye, and by her had iflue John, Gyles, James, George, Alice, 
Anne, Margaret, Elizabeth, Frances, and Beatrix. 

Alington's 4 quartcrings on the weft fide impaled, with C$nUJSf 
G. 3 conies feiant ar. bordore engrailed S* 
. Gyles Alington, Efq. fon and heir, of Robert Alingtoo, Efq. 
fon and heir apparent of Sir Gyles Aling^, Knight; died 25 
1^07. 1573. He married Margaretj daughter of Sir John Spen- 
cer, and by her had iflue Gyles, John, and Margaret, which 
Gyles laft named being great grandfon to the faid Sir Gyies, was 
alfo at his deceafe his next heir. Orer him, Alington and 3 quar* 
terings, impaling Spencer and quarttrings. 

On the north fide of the Chancel a noble altar monument of 
black and white marble, with the bodies ac length of Sir Gyles 
Alington, Kt. and Lady Dorothy Cecil his wife ; he in armour, 
and (he in the habit of that age ; round them 4 fons and 6 daugh- 
'ters : two of thefe (the firft and laA) died young. In the wall 
•by it an infcription with his arms and 6 quarteringS| viz. i. A* 
lington. 2. Arg(uiryn. 3. Cheyney. B. 7 martlets O. a canton 
'crm. 4. Gardiner. 5. MidletoUk 6. Alfington. ImpalitigCt^ 
cil, with Cecil and his quarterings on the other fide. 

Here redeth in aflfared hope to rife in Chrift Su- Gyles Altnff- 
ton of Horfeheath, Kt. accompanied with Lady Dorothy hiswi^ 
daughter of Thomas, Earl of Exeter, Baxtm Burghley, who 
' having made him a joyful father of ten children, viz. Elizabeth, 
Thomas, Gyles, James, Dorothy, Sofan, Anne, Katherioe, 
William, and Mary, ended this tranfitory life the fO of Nov. 1613, 
to whofe dear memory her forrowful huiband, mindful of hi»own 
mortality, ere£led this moauiBeot. 


in th$ County rfCkmhrUige^ lie. 377 

. In the likciiatdiments the quarteriogs a^ i* Hervey. G. oa 
% bend A. 3 leopards headi cabofTcd S. 2. Argeoteyo. 3. Cbey- 
ocy. 4. Gardiner. 5. Midletoo. 


Alice/ wife of Gyles Almgton, bnrkd Sept. 20, 1563. 

Margaret, daughter of Gyles A. chriftened Od. 9, 1571* 
Gyles, fon of Gyl^ A. cbriftened Sept. 18, 1572. 

John, fon of Gyles A. Efq. Aug. 13, 1573* 

Philip Aliogton, Efq. and Sufiin Andrews, mar. June s> 1585* 
Gyles AiingtOQ Miles, buried Aug. 23, 158^. 

Elizabeth A. daughter of Philip, . chqftenedFeb. 2, 1587. 
Gyles Alington, ion and heir of Gyles A. Efq. and Dorothy, 

chriftened Aug. 24, iCoi. 
James A. fon of the fame, Sept. 6, 1602. 

Dorothy, daughter of Sir Gyles A. Jan. 9, 1603. 

Sufan, Sept. 30, 1605. 

Anne, ' April 13, 1C07. 

Katlicrine, 1608. 

William, Mar. 14,' i6io. 

Mary, Oft. 19, 161 2, 

* Lady Dorothy, wife of Sir Gyles, buried Nov. 10, 16 13, 

Gyles A. fon of Sir Gyles, buried Feb. 17, 161 3, 

Sir William Clopton, and Lady Elizabeth Pallavicinl, 

married Oft. 30, 161 7. 
Anthony Feiton, fon of Sir Henry Felton, Kt. and Lady Su« 
(an his wife, chriftened Jan 9, 1639. 

Katherine Alington, daughter of Wilh A. and Eliz. 

bapt. May 28, 1640* 
Talmach Feiton, fon of Sir Henry and Sufan, 

bapt. Mar. 25,. 1640* 
Hildebrand Altngton, fon of Will, and Eliz. bapt. Aug. 3, 1641.^ 
Ai^enton, A. fon of the fame, Aug. 12, 1646. 

Mr. John Alington, buried Aug. 26, 1647* 

Thomas Feiton, fon of Sir Henry and Sufan, 

bapt. Oft. 12, 1649. 
ComptoD Feiton, fon of Sir H. and S. Nov. 13, 1650 

Many of the Flacks chriftened, &c. 

* She was daughter of Sir Gylet Alington, Kt. Widow of Sir Henry 

3 B Elizabeth, 

S78 hfiford^ O. Dropn. 

Elizabeth LJu!y Alifigfon, buried April r4, 1671. 

Kaiherioe, daughter of William, Lord Aliogtbn, and Lad/ 
Diana, bapt. Oft. 3, 1677. 

Gyles, foa and heir of Wjlliani Lord Aliogton, and Lady 
Diaaa, bapt. by Mr. Horden^ of Queen Hytbe, London, 

Oft. 20, 1680. 

Hildebrand, A. their fon, born Jan. 28, bapt. by Mr. fiordca 
Feb. 14, 1681, buried Mar. 21, 16^2, 

ArgeoteonA. buried Feb* 20, 1683. 

Wiiliam, Lord AAhgton, CpDftabfe of the Tower, Lord 
Lieutenant of Cambridgctbire, died Feb. i, 

buried Feb. 17, 1684. 

Gyles, Lord AHogipn, buried Sept. 22, 1691. 

Lady Elizabeth Seymor, ' buried Oft, 30, 1691. 

The fupportcrs of the Lord Aliogton arc two talbpts arg. 
blllettce S. — The Aliugton's now bear fix billets. Motto En 
Duu eft Tout*'* 

Mr. Goujgh in Camden 11. p 140, fays, « At Horfeheath 
William AHington Sheriff of the County i Heory V, and Koight 
of the (hire, 7 Henry VL had a feat. 

•• Gyles, Lord Allingtbn a minor was fucceeded by his nncle 
Hildebrand in the lri(h title. The cftate was bought by Joh^ 
Bromley, of the ancient familyf pf that name in Shropfliirc." 

«• Every thing was fold here 1775, the park let to farm, the 
dwelling-houfe to be pulled down.** 

'• Hugh de Balftiam, Biftiop of Ely founder of Fetcrhouf^ was 
born here.** 

Ai;.T. X. Lydford^ Co. Devon. From Weftcotf^ 2idS. 

" Rex habet Burgum de Lydford et Burgenfes ibidem tenent 
viginii et Ofto Burgenfes infra Burgum et 41 extra: inter omncs 
rcddirus redeunt tres Ubras ad impcnfum et arfuram: Et funt IbJ 
quadraginta domus vaftae, priufquam rex venit in anglia. Et 
predift : Burg : et Manerium de Lydford, fc extcndit per totam 
villam et parocbiam de Lydford, et_ per totam Forreftam de 
Dartamore, Et quod nullum Breve Dni regis currit in tenemeota 
ejiirdcm Burg : et manerii cum pertinentibus : Sed omnia terra cj 

• Hatl. MSS. 6821. 
t Certainly not. Edt/tr, 


Ly^9rdf Co. Druon. . 379 

tcocmcnti font placii* et pladtab' coram Majorc difti 

•• So we fiod the burrough and raannor of Lydford to be the 
aocient deracfne of the Crowoe of England ; and that in and oot, 
ftanding and wafting, yt had in the Conqueror's dayes. one 
hundred and two and t\venty burgeffes. But the viciffitade and 
alteration is fuch and fo ftrange, that the now fpcftator may 
ivell cry out and more woefully with -S^neas In Virgil when he 
faw the ghoft of noble Hcftor. 

Heu quantiim mutatus ab ilIo.« 

■ out and alas, 

How much changed from what it was. 

It taketh name from the ryvcr. But that the ryver (hould take 
the fame from a certain kind of grafs that makes fatt, full and 
grofic hay, (which by the overflowing of the Oufe, Grant, and 
Nen, with other ryvers in the Ifle of Elye growes abundantlye,) 
which the country people call Lydd, I may fuppofc but cannot 
avcrr. For that the grafle ncre this ryver is nothinge fo grolTe, 
fatt, ranke or plentifull, but I take yt of the fame kind and nature, 
but leave yt as a gefle. 

At the end of the towne there is a bridge, under which the 
ryver is gathered into fuch a ftraight (that the earths fretted and 
carried away between the rockes,) yt falleth with fuch a rumbling 
noyce, that yt ftriketh a 'certain fear and terror to moft ftrange 
paflengers, much more to thofe that looke down to beholde ytj 
to whom yt feems a dark abyfle. 

This parifti for amplitude, both in land and liberties, may 
compare (if I be not misinformed or mifconftroe my informers) 
with any in the kingdome, being everye way in diameter at 

leaft myles, the whole forcft being within yt, to the parfoa 

wherofall the tythes are due, and yet thefe liberties reache far« 

We find alfo that Barnftable was gnildable to the kinge, as 
Exeter, and did ferve by Tea and land, as did Totnefle and 
Lydford. And yt was afleflTcd as the Survejr Book fayth, when 
and as London was. Whereby yi playnly appeareth yt hath 
bynne in better ftater than at this prefent, for now- 

Stat magni nominis umbra. ' 

Of the great name y wefle ; 
Yt now but the ftiadow is. 

3 B 2 It 

3So Ly^^rii Q. Dtvrn. 

It bath neither fayre nor nurket to comfort ytfelf wiihaliy sod 
lyttle fruitful land. It is only intruftcd with the keepipge of tb« 
prince bis pryfoners for ftannary caufet* But what mean I to 
make fo long a defcription of yt. In r^ard yt is fo oommottly 
funge by many a fydler, beioge very exadly and fiicetioafly 
donne in a runninge mecter by a very wyttc g^ntieniao plcafaotly 
difpof<(d| that was empfeyed thither. It &yth thus, 

I oft have heard of Lydford Law, 

How in the morninge thry hange and draw, 

i^nd fit in judgment after. 
At firft I wonMred at yt much ; 
But iince, I find the reafon*s fuch 

As yt defaTes no laughter. 

They have a caftle on a hill, 
I took yt for an old wyndmiil. 

The vanes blown down By weather. 
To lye therein ode night 'tis gueO, 
T we're better to be ftoned and preft, 

Or hang*d, now chufe you whether. 

Ten men lefie roome within this cave 
Than fivelnice in a lantborn haves 

The keepers they are flye ones. • 
If any could dcvife by art 
To gett yt upp into a cart, 

'Twere fytt to carry lyons. 

, When I beheld yt, lord ! thought I 

What julHce and what clemencye 

Hath Lydford when I faw all ! 
I know none gladly there would ftayj 
But rather hang out of the way, 

Than tarry for a tryall. 

The prince a hundred pound hath fent, 
To amend the leads and planches rent. 

Within this lyving tombe % 
Some forty five pounds more had pay*d 
The debts pf all that Oiall be layde 

Ther till the day of doombe. 

Ooe lyes ther fpr a Team of malt^ 
Another for a peck of fait, 

Two fuercies for a noble : 
If this be true or elf falfc news. 
You may goe aflc of Mafter Crnvs^ 

Join Faugban^ or John DobU.f 

More to thefe men that lye in lurch 
Ther is a bridge, ther is ii. churchy 

Seven aflics and an oke. 
Three houfes ftanding and ten downe; 
They fay the parfon hath a gowoe. 

But I faw never a doake. 

Whereby you may confider well. 
That playn fimplicitie doth dwell 

At Lydford without bravery ; 
And in the towne both young and grave 
Doe love the naked tru^h to have ; 

No'cloak to hyde ther knavery. 

The people all within this clyme 
Are frozen in the winter tyme. 

But fure I do not fayne ; 
And when the fummer is begunn. 
They lye like filk-worms in the funn. 

And come to lyfe agayne. 

One told me in Kinge Csefar's tyme, 
The towne was built with ilone and lyme; 

But fure the wails were clay : 
And they arc fallen for ought 1 fee; 
And fiDce t^« howfes are gott free. 

The town is runn away. 

O Cspfar yf thou ther didft raigne. 
While one houfe (lands come ther agayn. 

Come quickly while ther is one ; 
If thou but ftay a lyttle fytt. 
But fyve years more, they will commyt 
The whole town to a prifon. 

♦ The ftewtrd. 

t Attorneys of thit Courts, (Prince's Worthies of Deron, p. 97.) 


382 Lyi^crd, Q^ Divom. 

To fee it thus much Qreved was I i 
• The proverb fayih, Sorrvwes^idryi 
So was I at the matter; 
Now by good luck I know not how, 
1 her hyther came a ftrange ftray*d cowe. 
And we had mylke and water* 

To nytie good domacks with our wigg» 
Ac laft we got a roftiog pigg ; 

This- diet was our bouods: 
And this were ju(l, as yf 'twere knoweo, 
. Ooe pound of butter had byo throwen 

AmoDgft a pack of hounds. 

One glaiTe of drink I got by chance, 
'T was clarett when yt was in France j 

But now from yt much wider: 
I think a man might make as good 
With green crabbs boyl'd in Brazel wood 

And halfe a pint of cydar. ' 

I kift the Mayor's band of the town, 
• Who- though he wearc no fcarlett gpwn^ 

Honors the Rofe and Thijlle. 
A piece of corall to the mace, 
Which there I faw to ferve in place. 

Would make a good child's whittle^ 

At fix o'clock I came away. 

And pray'd for ihoes that were to ftay 

Within a place fo arrant : 
Wyde and ope the wynds fo roar. 
By God*s grace TU com tber no more, 

Unleflc by fom Tynn Warrant?" 

* This poemvvebelieve was neverbefore printed, except inPrince^s Worthies 
of Devon. It is there attributed to an elegant and humorous' bard, William 
Browne, who was born at TaviHock, in this County, A. D. 1590. Hif 
father was Th«mas Brown of that place, gentleman ; inoft likely a dcfoend- 
ant from the Knightly family of Browne, of Brownes-Harfli, in the Piriih 
of Langtree, near Great Tornngcon, in Devon : where Sir I'homas Browne 
lyiilt a i^enteel houfe ; with a park thereunto belonging, called Brvmu unto 
this day. This Sir Thomas was a younger brother to the famous Brute 
Browne, who was ki4]ed at fea, by the Spaniards, before Pon-Rico; of 


Ljdford^ Co. Devon. 383 

<' I have ftayed you here ovcrlonge, I mud confefle. I feare 
me yoQ have eytfaer taken the cold^ or the cold hath taken you. 
I dare fay your ftomake is readye for your dynner, but I caa 
promife you no good cheere^ You perceive what entertainment 
the gentleman had» and I a ftranger (hall hardly -procure you the 
lyke. Here are good waikes to gett a flomack^ but fmall means 
to fatisfye hunger, we will therefore make all poflible haft, and 
aot once looke back untill wee come to Trenchard's Lcwe."* 

This account, particularly the Poem, is very defcriptive of 
this forlorn old town, which we vifited not long (ince, and faw 
the poor remains of a caflle, and a few miferable houfes. Yet 
there is fometbing pleafant and romantic in the (itnation. The 
extraordinary appearance of the river Lyd at the bridge above 
mentioned, and alfo defcribed by Camden, is well worth the ob- 
fervation of a traveller. But the greateft curiofify hereabouts is 
the beautiful waterfall, in a moft fequeftered fpot^ about s mile 
from Lydford, which is thus defcribed in a Tour to the Weft of 
England, 1788, p. 426. 

^* At the foot of the next defcent beyond Brent-Torr, clofe on the 
left of the road, you will fee a clumpoftrees; turn in at the gate, and 
enquire at the farm houfe of Mr. Candy, and fome perfon will attend 

whofe death Sir Francis Drake, the General in the voyage, faid, / could 
grieve for thee, dear Brute, hut now tit no time to let down ne^ffirits. Thit 
family, in the iflue male, became extin£l in the laft age, and the e^ate fell 
amone DiftafFs . But to return . 

Wijliapi Brown, greatly addi£led to books and learning, went to Oi« 
ford I where in the beginnng of King James Ts reign, he fpent fom# 
time among the Mufes} into whofe favour he at length infinuated himfclf, 
and became one of their chiefeft darlings. 

From the UniYeriity he went to the Inner Temple, at London | and 

federal years after returned to Exeter College again, beine then about a^ 

years age : «nd became tutor to Robert Dormer, of that houfe t the fams 

. who was afterwards the (lout Earl of Carnarvant and killed at Newberry, 

in the fervice of K. Charles I. on the 10th of September, 1643. 

Mr. Brown having with great honor taken his Mafter of Arts degree 
in 1614, foon after left the College with his pupil j and became a re- 
tainer to the Pembrokian family. He was beloved by that generous Earl, 
William, Earl of Pembroke; fo that he got wealth, and purchafed an 
eftate, ( .vhich, in a poet, is near as rare a fight as to fee a black fwan ; ) but 
where it lay we are not told. He had a great mind in a little body » « 
pregnant and flowing fancy, which addiaed him muph to poetry;' for 
which he became very fan^ous, and publilhed feveral admirable pieces, 
^nno 1613, &c. (Prince's Worthies, p< 95* lo whjch fee furtficr of 
^im an<l his works. 

' f Weilcott's MS. Muf. Brit. BH>1. HarK 93^7. 


584 Catfi^gtHoffajntings^ ^e. 

to tht waterfall, about a quarter of a mil^ below. This remarkable 
cataraft Is formed by a fmall flrqicp ruqaingtoto the river Lyd, 
over a romantic rock, fweetly clothed with wood, which appears 
in Tarions tnterfeAions in this vale. Wbdiog dowo the rock« 
on a fmall path about half way, you are prefented with the fineft 
milky ftreamif imaginable, neither . too jperpendicular to be one 
Confufed heap, nor too much divided to be ungraceful ; but one 
continued Hlvery chain of aoo feet ; towards the bottom the rod: 
projefl-s fo favourably as to fill the air with aqueous particles, and 
imitate the efitdl of a real fouoUip, foftly falling to a filvcr 
ihower. Defcending beneath, yoii look up to the wbplc with « 
fimilar enchantment. . The late rains werejuft. fufiicicat tp 9k il 
to pcrfeAion ; and we only wanted the fo.ft beams of mopa I^t» 
to realize that fairy fcen^ fo fweetly defcrib^d in Lord Monwg* 
ton's mufical elegy.' ' . u .. 

. *^ Near, a cool grot and mofly ccH, 
.,", Vft rural fays and fairies<lwril, &c/' 

The furpriiing waterfall pleafed me altogether more than any 
{0 the Nor-th of Englalid or Scotland, and bc^ng a greater rarity 
|a thefe parts it is more valuable and ftrtkiog.'^ 

Art. XI.' Singing Sam of perbyjbirc^ Sie plate Ih 

' Mr. Editor, 

Obferving in your Topographer that tfte County of Derby oc- 
mpies a confidcrahle part, I fend you the inclofed plate, which 
being of a /^rtf/charafler may beconfiH^ent with your plao» aod 
Iball be glad to hear fome account of him thro' the mediam of 
^ny pf your iatelligent Correfpondents. 

I remain yours, &c, 

• A WcU-wifticr. 

Art. XII. Catalogue of Paintings^ Wr. iUuftra$ivi 9/ Brittjk 
Topography 9 exhibited in the prcfentyear 1790. 

lO Viewiof Roflin Caftle J. Farrington, R*. A, 

17 View in'Herefordftiire M. A. Rooker, iV 

30 Wew of the ruins of Cadle Coch in Clamorganfliire 

\ ^ ' ' w "^ ^ J- Ibbetfon. 

ji ViewatPolkftonc , W/Marlw. 

V •• - * 49 View 

oJbri^m^ d^ML^- 2)enfi/d^j/rt 

2~:7— ^:" ^m*^su^ fj^^^J 

Catahgue cf Paintings, (fc» 385 

49 V\fsw on the River Wye, South Wales, (momtog) 

. T. Walmilcy. 
57 View near Eaftbourn, M. Chamberlin. 

85 Tiatem Abbey, Monmouthfliire, M. A. Rooker, A. 

86 View on the Thames, looking towards Limehoufe Church, 

J. T. Serres. 

93 Vidw of Bridgenorth, in Shropfhire, J. Farrington, R. A. 

99 View of Loch Moreley, in the Highlands of Scotland, be* 
longing to his Grace the Duke of Gordon, J. Barre. 

X08 View of the Manfion at Painfhill, taken from the Park, the 
feat of B* Bond Hopkins, Efq. T. De Bruyn. 

X09 Briton ferry, Glamorganfhire, J. Ibbetfon. 

112 Portrait of the Lincolnfhire ox, now to be feen at the Ly- 
ceum, Strand, G. Stubbs, A. 

215 View of the Manfion at Painfhtil from Cobham bridge, Surry, 
the feat of B. Bond Hopkms, Efq. T. De Bruyn, 

1 1 7 A (ketch, agriculture, part of a defign in the Queen's Lodge^ 
Windfor, B. Weft, R. A; 

134 Wcnlock abbey, Shropfliire, M. A. Rooker, A. 

•147 The weft and fouth fronts of Audley end Houfe, the feat of 
Lord Howard, W. Tomkins, A. 

148 View in Hereford Qiire, M. A. Rooker, A. 

159 View on tlie river Monow, near Monmouth, J. Webber, A. 

162 View of the painted-chamber. Old Palace-yard, 

— DeCort, R. A. 

163 View on the River Wye, near Monmouth, J.Webber, A. 

167 View on thie top of Highgate-hill, — DeCort, R. A. 

176 The Queen of Sheba entertained at a banquet by King So- 
lomon ; a defign for a window in the great dining room 
at Arundel Caftle, W. Hamilton, R. A. 

127 View in Scotland, of Minto Craigs, J. Rathbone. 

245 View of St. James's Park, with the entrance to Carlton 
houfe, W. Score. 

■247 A cottage in Cumberland, F. Wheatley. 

277 View of Plymouth Dock, from Mount Edgcombe, 

E. Gaivey, R. A. 
384 Netley Abbey, near Southampton, J. Curtis. 

388 View at Shallfleet, in the Ifle of Wight, J. Laporte. 

389 View at Newton, Ifle of Wight, The fame. 
393 The prefent appearance of Heme's Oak in Windfor park ; 

the tree mentioned by Shakefpeare, R. Livefay. 

395. View at Hadlcy, Middlefex, J. Laporte. 

3 C 4^1 

386 Catalogue ef Paintings, b?r, 

401 Rodney's Mouduid towards the plain, taken dgbt mik^ 
from Shrewibury^ towards Orweftry, R. R. Reioagle, jos. 

403 View of the Needles at Allum Bay, Ifle of Wight, 

J. Laporte. 

404 View at Carifbcook, lOe oF Wight, The (ain«. 

406 A coal- pity FarDly-wood, Yorkfliire, J. Ibbetfbn. 

407 View of Guildford, in Barry, J.Raflel, R. A, 
416 View of the Eaft ClifT, at Brighton, P. l\ Bourgeois. 
418 View of Catharine Hill, by moon-light, J. RufTell, R. A. 

429 View of the Elilian Garden, beiooging to Lord Howard, 

W. Tomkins, A. 

430 Ditto. 

439 View at Hadley, Middlefex, , J. Laporte* 

459 Scene in Windfor foreA, R. Livefay. 

461 View of the Montague main colliery, near Newcaflle, 

£• Edwaidfy A. 

463 View of Barnet, from Hadjey, Middlefex, J. Laporto. 

464 View from the play-grooDd at Eton, R. Livefay. 
470 Landfcape view in Suffex, P. F. Bourgeois, A. 
479 The propofed improTeroent at Temple Bar, M. A. Nugent. 

483 Sketch of part of Wenlock Abby, J. Farrington, R. A. 

484 Pqrchefter Caftle, J. HafTelL 

486 View of Ditfon, on the River Dart, < • R. Gardnor. 

487 River front of a defign for a Parliament houfe propofed to be 

built at Weftminfter, ^ J. Harvey. 

489 View of Richmond bridge, R/Cooper. 

492 View of the town and caftle of Stirling, A. Callandar. 

493 Carilbrook Caftle, J. HaffcH. 
500 The propofed improvement at Temple Bar/M. A. Nugent- 
502 HaHipftcd heath, Mifs North, H. 

504 View (rfRofc Caftle, W. Carroll 

505 View near Croydon, v J. Marks, 

506 View of Mount Edgcumbe, with the Ian Jing of their Ma. 

jeftics, Auguft 17B9, W. Payne. 

307 General view of the Lake at Combermcre Abby, the feat of 

Sir Robert Cotton, Bart, in the county, of Cheftiirc, 

J. Ernes. 
512 Deiign of a bridge built 1789, at Benham place, Berks, 

K. Bretciogham. 

517 Pcrfpeflive view of the two new fronts intended for the feat 

of Thomas Bund, Efq. Worceflerfliire, J . Phillips. 

523 Sketch of the old palace at Stirling, J. Farington, R. A. 

. ' " 524 

Catalogue of Painting f, 6fr. 387 

544 View in the lower court of Windfor paftle, 

T. R. Undcrwootf. 
J31 Internal view of the gallery at Hevcningham, the feat of Sir 

Gerrard Vanneck> Suffolk, T. Maltoo. 

532 View of Durham, E. Dayes. 

539 View in the park of Sir George Comewall, Bart, at Morcas, 

Herefordihire, T. Hearnc. 

544 Part of the great hall in Kenilworth CafUe, Warwkk(hire, 

, The fame. 
549 Principal front of Heveningham hall, Sufiblk, the feat of 

Sir Gerrard Vanneck, T, Malton. 

554 A villa deiigned for George Perrott^ Efq. to be built near 

Evefliam, Worcefterftiire, G. Byfield. 

556 View of Mrs. Garrick's, at Hampton, J. Spydrs, 

561 View of Milton Church, near Gravefend, J. Grove, H. 
563 Holland Houfc, Kenfington, ' G. Samuel. 

569 View in the Collegiate Church, Weftminfter, 

W. A. Chalmers, 

570 View of Durham, from Potters-Iane, E. Dayes« 

571 Brighton Beach, during the herring feafon, J.Nixon, H. 
57a View of Abergavenny, Officer, H. 
573 View in the park at Hawkdone, the feat of Sir Richard Hill^ 

Bart, in the County of Salop, J. Emes»' 

577 View of the Infidc of Magdalen Chapel, near Winchefter, 

looking towards the weft, J. Schnebbelle. 

5 S3 View on the Thames, from Rotherhithe, during the froft, 

January 1789, G. Samuel. 

5S4 Sketch at Nunnery in Cnmberland, J. Farington, R. A* 

588 View of the infide of Magdalen Chapel, near \Vinchefter> 

looking to the eaft, J. Schnebbelle* 

589 Vi6w near Buttermere, Cumberland, R. Gardnor* 
591 Dover caftle from the Sally port, G. Samuel- 
S9<t Beggar's bridge, near Eton, R. Livefay* • 
593 View of part of the lake at Combermere Abby, this feat of 

Sir Robert Cotton, Bart, in the county of Cheftiiret 

J, Emes. 

596 View of the wharf at Woolwich, with a collier unloading* 

— Grivat, H. 

597 View in the new forcft, Hatnplhlre, W. Burgefs. 
5(;8 VHew of Portland, from Weymouth caftle, The fame. 
6qi View of St.- Nicholas Church, Ncwcaftlc "upon Tyne, 

E. Edwards, A. 
3 C 2 602 

388 Riview tfGougVs CamdiUm 

602 View of the Guildhall and Plymooth bank^ W. Pdyiie^ 

603 Ivy bridge, DevoD(hire, J« Nixon, H. 
607 View of the Priory walk, Brecon« N. Pooock* 
60Q ElevatioQ of the (tables at Aldwarke, W. Pordea. 
611 lofide of Buildoas Abby, J. Farringtoo, R. A. 
614 View of Muckreft Abby, on the lake of EiUarney,, 

W. Carroll 
619 View in Sion gardens. Officer, IL 

626 View in the park at Hawkflone, the feat of Sir Richard 
Hill, Bare, in the county of Salop, J. Eincs* 

6^^ View in Windfor great park, G, Beck. 

631 Ditto. 
633 The new fdrm-yard, at Aldwarke, W. Pordtt. 

637 Plan of the prefent entrance to Temple Bar, M. A. Nugeu. 

638 Plan of th^ improved entrance to Temple Bar, 

M. A. Nugent. 
644 View of the Arcbbifliop's palace, Lambeth, J. W. Turner. 

646 Defign for Mrs. Montague's great room, in Portman-fqnare, 

J. Bonomi^ A. 

647 The painted ceiling in the principal drawing-room. Lot 

worth cafile, the feat of Edward Wild, Efq. £. Hague. 

643 View of the eaAera encrancfe of the collegiate church. Weft* 
minfter, W. A. Chalmers. 

651 View of lime kilna at Crabtree, oppoCte to Saltram, 

W. Payne. 

660 Lord Robert Manners expiring in the arms of Victory, in- 
tended' by the late Duke of Rutland for a monument' to 
be placed in the chapel at Beivoir caiUe, 

J.NoUekent, R.A. 

665 View of Combermere Abby^ the feat of Sir Robert Cotton, 
Bart, in the county of Cheflure, J. Ernes. 

670 The old church at Packington, Earl of Aylesford, H. 

Art. XIII. lUuiiW of Gough's Camden^ cminuedfrmp. 187. 

AUitwis, p* 326. 

P. 330, The title of Baron Carteret of Hawnes has been re* 
Tived 1784 in Henry Thyno^. brother to the Marquis of Bath. 
The additioua to this Coyoty are pretty full* 


RiviewofGwgVsCamditi. 389 

Additions, p. 341. 

HatfieU.^^** Sir Robert Qxil built the magnifioent boufe here 
161 1. Though it does not come ap to the magnilpcence of the 
boblemen's houfes erected ia the preceding reigns, it prefeots an 
appearance, and contains a colie^ion^of^rtraits worthy a better 
fate than both experienced by being deferted by their Lord. The 
orefent Earl it repairing the honfe in the original tafte in all the 
^lendor of the ancient Cecils** 

This County fo near London, and the Author^s reiidence, 
(and already defaibed by Chauncyy and Salmon) is very full and 
complete with the additions. 

Here ends Vol. I^ of this Edition. 


This Volume begins with MtdMefex, 
Additions, p* 12. 

Very foil.— It is extraordinary that no hiftory fliould be pub- 
lifted of a county, in the midft of which all the Hterati live. Its 
antiqtiities, however, are fufficiently explored for fo general an ac** 
count as is within the plan of Camden. 


Additions^ p. 49. 

' P. 52. The Chapelry of Upminfter Hall has long been taken 
down, and ftables occupy its fcire. See Topog, Vol. I, p. 169. 

The arms of Engayne, &c. have been preferved by Sir Jameg 
BfdaiU^ and replaced in the new window of the chapel. The 
brafs plates of the anceftors of Sir Simon Dewes, engraved in 
fFeever, ftill remain there. 

P. 53. At Lady Dacre's at Sell-hou/e, a beautiful manfion^ 
part old, and part judicioufly rebuilt by the late Lord Dacr^ in 
the Gothic fiyle, is a fine feries of portraiu of the J/xds Dacre, 


3DO . Antiquities in Lincolnjhirem . 

. The additions to this couaty are» as might be expelled from lU 
Iituatioo> &c.'full. 

Art. XIV. Antiquities in Lincoln/hire; 
By IK fV. of Qaiffjhrougb. 

At Cain(bro\ in this County, is «n ancient builJingy called 
the Pillared Houfe, fo named from a row of lofty ftone pillars* 
which fupport the front of it. It is the oldeft houfe in the 
town ; the original paflefTor is not known, bnt the date on the 
w^Uy is, 1320 ; and on the fame fpot of ground, or, very near 
K (before this ftrudlure waS built,) ftood an old Gothic-built 
Palaccy ftrongly fuppofed to have been the refidence of 
Sweyn^ King of Denmark ; who, after he had drove Etbelred 11^ 
from his Throne, and committed horrid depredations in England, 
pame to this town, where, fitting with his Xobles one night at 
fupper, he died fuddenly in his chair; this was afterwards 
cneemed. a miracle. He was buried at York, and lies in fome 
part of the Cathedral.* 

On the hills above this town, feveral Roman coins, urns, and 
other curious implements have been dug, and ploiwed up within 
tbefe late years ; and one In particular, known by the name of 
the Cajile Hil/y whofc top takes up 2 acres of ground, and had 
formerly a calUe on it, built by the Romans ; and though no 
part of its walls is now to be feen, yet many preoes of the 
foundation are often thrown up, efpecially by the foxes, who 
gFoatly infeft this hill. The intrenchments that forround the 
ruins are yet very perfeA, and are exceeding wide and deep. 
From thefe hills you have a very pretty view of the town, (which 
is fftuated at the foot of them,) as well as the river, which comes 
down, in its winding cour(e» very near, and through the town, to 
the Humber. 

In the year 178.8, fome men were employed in throwing up the 
earth on each fide of an highway for the purpofe of raifiog it^ 
and leaving ditches, in a place called Beckingbam Afyrjb^ (one 
end of which is to join the New Bridge^ now building acrofs the 
river, at this town,) when, after digging a conflderable way into 
the ground, they difcovered feveral trunl^s of trees, of a great 
lengthy and thickncfs, not the leaft decayed, except the bark ; 

* V'ulc Hijlorical Djfcrijnion of St. Pc'.er*s, Vorkj Rftnumcntal I^t 


Antiquitia in Lincolnjhlfe. 391 

Ijrhig lengthways ia the earth, ahoat 7 feet deep. Th's (}rew 
the attentioQ of leveral people, who faw them dag up; they* 
formed various couje^ures about them; bat the peater pare 
beltered that they had lata there ever iio^e the flood, of which 
opioioD \y who faw them, confefs myfelf to be. fiui I (hall leave 
it to the reader to determine how. they came there, confideriag 
that they had not the leaft hold of the earth by any root* Part 4^' 
this Marlh belongs to Npttingham foreft, and the foil of it, for 
themoft party is of a beggy^ turfy, nature} and uada* that, a 
ni^tare of fand and clay. / 

. There was likewife found an old curious iron fword, (in that 
year,) but of its origin I cannot fay any thing; 

Near the village of Lea, a mile/rom (jainfbro\ are the remains 
of a palace, built ^y Hugh, Biftiop of Lincoln; little is to be 
jfeen of it, except here and there fome fragments of the founda-i- 
tion ; and part of the ground, on which it Aood, is yeariy fowed 
with turnips, and produces fome excellent crops. The place is a 
roundy rifing hill; about half a mile in clrcumierence, and^n-, 
compafTed with a mote fix feet wide, in which now grow a 
great xjuantity of weeds, and is of confiderable depth. 

Five miles S. E. from Lea, is fituated the village of Stow, all 
that is remaining of the once famous cliy of Sidnacefter, where 
Lincoln Cathedral was originally intended to have been founded^ 
the Diocefeof Lincoln being then between two Biihops ; viz. the 
firft at Sidnacefler, and the other at Dorcheiler; but on their 
uniting, the fee was tranflated to Lincoln, where the famous St. 
Mary's Church was began by Hugh, firfl Bi(bop, before 1070^ 
There are feveral proofs about this village of the great extent of 
the former city, fuch as foundations of h9ufcs, and the barencfs 
of grafs about this place. The prefenr church is built in the form 
of a Cathedral, and is a very great length, and height."^ 
. At the village of Torkefey, 8 miles from Gainlbro S. is an 
entire front of a caftle, fituate on the River Trent, the back works 
(whieh have extended a eonfiderable way) have been demolifhed a 
long time ago ; who this place was built by, is uncertain ; bat 
being compofed of brick, it is fuppofed to be the work of the an- 
cient inhabitants of this place, for the purpofc of commanding 
the river, in the time of the Danes being in England in 500, 
who eame up this river with theh- fmall (hipping, add plundered 

* Mr. Gough, in his Additions to Camden, ^ivcs a full account of this 
place, and fays Eaduoth, (not Itugh,) Bi/hop of Dorcbcftcr, built St. 
Mary't Church.-^Se'iVor. 


39t Antiquities in Uncotn/birim 

and burnt all the places from the Humber to Gain(bro% whSdi 
tbej took, (and called Danefborough ; bnt after they vere 
driven back it was changed in name to Gainsborooghy) from 
thence they proceeded to Torkelcy, which was then a oonfider- 
able place, and from thence to Lindum, now Liacolo» and then 
returned. The front (which b cbfe to the water) has a roaod 
tower at each end, a great gate way in' the middle, and is inter- 
fperfed with curious places, where windows fcemingly have beeo, 
and moft of it is overgrown with weeds, which give it a piftv- 
refque appearance ; and in the wall is curious workroanfliip In the 
brick woiic, fnch as ovals, fquares, erodes, tec. It is a general 
rendezvous for fwalbws, who build their clay haUtatioos in h$ 

The Roman highway runs paft the bac^ of this caftk, and 
through the village of Morton, and is, in many parts raj 

Gainji^rougb, Apr. 29, 1790. W. W. 


The candid and fatiifa£l9ry AnfwerofS. D, to the remarks in aw 
firft Volumty en feme Explanations of ancient Inlcriptions im 
tie Cuftumale Rofenfe^ JhaU have the firft place in our noMt 

The curious ExtraSfs from the Regifler <7/'Alrcwa8, in Stafford^ 
Jhire^ communicated thro' the medium of an old Friend, fl)aU aJA 
have as early infertion as poffibU. 

Thofe Correjpondents who have addreffed their letters prhauh » 
the Bditorsy are requejled, during the Summer, to direa them <• 
the Printers. 

This being the Uft Number of Vol. II, A COMPLETE INDEX 
of every Perfon and Place mentioned in the Volume with Title- 
PagCy and Preface, will he puhlijhed, (as well as No. I, of 
Voh III,) on the FirlVof Auguft, of which the extreme labour, 
ess weU as great ufe, muft be the Editors apology for its nat be- 
ing ready this Month. 

• See a1f« Gough for a fuller tccount of this Caflle. 
N. B. We are forry the drawing of il^ fent by our Oorrclkiondeat. coald 
aoc be cngraycd.-.Buck has gircn a ?ieW«f it, •r«««^ «w>» 




ABEL Robert 
Ralphs «79. 
Abergavenny, view of 387 
Abinfdon, epiuphtac 155 

— Lord, 149 
Abtaham parifliy 279 
Abriaciff Hugh de 255 
i\coTtr Geffrey, 220 
Acrife, Kent, FapiJon of, 

Adbafton church, old mo* 

nnmcnts io,. 168 
A^deobroke, Or. 124 
Addifont Mr. 61 
Adeifl'da, Qiieen^ 356 
Aeih.]b»ld, King, 2S4 
Aftrd WaJter, 216 — Ar- 
thur, 273 
Afardifley tr aaor^ 171— 

Park, 174 
Ailefberie, 289 
Ail/bory, Charlet^ Earl of, 

Ailfton, 5 
Aiflabie, John, of SCudlcy, 

Albcmirle, WiU. deForti 

bat. Earl of, 257 
Albini, E«ri of Arundel, 

Albm, WUtt, Walrond 

of, 101 
Alcefter, Co. Warw. Beau* 

champ of, 100 
Aldbury, Co. Sorry, ^4 
Alderbome, Wikt, MichcU 

of, 104 
Aldcrmafton, Co. Bcrki, 53 

Alderworfley, Co. Deib 
Ale Britiih, anti^oicy of, 

286 — Trade as Bortoo, 

Alenccfter Abbey, 28 
Aleftan, 293 
Algir, Earl, i 
Alien, Mri. 53 
AllingconCo. Line. 29^*^ 

Family, 374, 375» $7^, 

|77, 378 

AUom-bay, view of the 

Needlet at, 386 
Alnty Will, Efq. hii cpi- 

taph, 74. 
Alphage, St. ArchhiiMp of 

Canterbury, 30, 3 1 
Alport, William, epitaph 

on, 4a 
Alorrd prior, 272 
Alwaere, 60 
Aly6feAfftet, 76 
AmbUfide, 337—34^ 
Ambiofden manor, Co. Ox. 

n. 1 32 —feat there, 306 

Amyand, Sir Geo. Corn- 
wall, 61 
Ancafter, Duke of, 7< 
Anchor chunh, Derbyfliire, 

Anderfywe, Co. Wilts, 10c 
Andrews, Sir Matth. 143 

— Suiao, 377 
AngWey copper minee, 157 
Angus*! views of feait, 61 
Ankerwike nonnerv. 184 
Anoefley Co. Staff. 167— 

Amie, io6, 
Aniham, Rich, 73 
AnfruU, 197 

Anfwcr to remarks on writs 
of fummons to parlia- 
ment, 189 
Anthofiie W. Lee, Efq. 

Appleby, Co, Leic. 55—65 
-*i67-- family, pedigree 
of, ^&--Geffrey df, 253 
^Henry, 264. 
Archer, 7 
ArderQC, 1, 4 
Argall, Thomas, Efq. 376 
Aigeotons of Horfchnih, 

Arms cutHiui grant of, 192 
Armftiong, Gabriel, 159 
Arpalds, 181 
Arrao, Earl of, 2S7 
Arrondel, Sir Maithtw, bf 
Wiltt, 9S 

Afcham, Mr. 83 | 

Afli, or Effe, Hants, f © 
Aihboume or Effebooroei 

169 — 129— »77*^79 

Afliboraham, Soflcx, 55-* 

Earls of, Hid 
Aihby de la ^ooch park 

1J7 — WooUty i^ H 

graot of, 8 1 
A&by, Geofgv, Efq. 2J- 

Robert of Quenby, Ca» 

Leic. 27 
Afl^ld, Ifomliej ai^ 

Gwce, J 53 
Alhlcy, SirABthony, 31% 

— SirHeoryofWUts,9S 
Aflmeis. 338 
Afliorrr, Co. Dsih. fooC 

there, 61 
AAridge abbey. Bocks, 1 0% 

»3»»yS. '45^. ^ 
AAcon-Keynes , Wilts, Fer« 

rers of, 103 — Aflitou. 

Steple, Wiltt, 105 
Afliurti, Baru, 179 
Afte, 228 ^ 

Aftley, Rev. Mr. 280, 28s 

•—Thomas, Lord, 22 
AAoo, 9— aims 165^^ 

Rob. 316— Sir John» 

Athol, Duchefs Dowa^tr of 

Atkvni, 182 
Atkmiofi Rofe, 368 
Atloearms, 316 
Artlebie, Will, de, 25$ 
Aubrey, Sir John, 185 
Andlcy, Nicolas de, Bt5«* 

faipily 10— Httgb, Lor4 

of Blorr, 118, 3ai-r 

George, Lord, 98 
Andley-cnd houli^ ?iew of^ 

38 5 
AaklaBd-bilhop*s, 347 
Aoften Martha, 227 
Aufttns, Rich. 19 
A venal arms, 11 
lAvingtoo, Hants, 58 

Arundcli Earls of, 1571 »63 l^oujiff^f Co. l>ev. 2^9 


jLylefbary, vale of, 185— 

Sir ThoiDM, 519 
A^lettord, Kent, 11 3, 215 

—Earl of, 54 
Ajrfcough, John, poflcfles 
' AihiUgc, 135 ■' 


Babifigton, Marpret, 126 

— Tho. of Dcthkky 316 

Edith, itid 
Backwe)!, Aldertnaii, 186 
^con, Urt, 137— Mr. of 

Suffolk, 54 
B«dlefmeie armi, S®*—* 

Bartholomew, 104 
Bftdow Great, Eflek, 251 
Bagot, Rich. 4r— 31b— 

Elizabeth, eoitaph 00, ^, z 
Bagih^t heath «Bd town, 
' 286, 287 
Bak^-puy, 159 
Baker, AMce, loj 
Balam Anthony, til 
Bale pedigree, «7 
Baliul, John de, 15:^— fa- 
mily 264 
Ballard, 142 

Ball* Will. 266, 270, 185 
Balfliam Will. a66-^Ho6h, 

Bp. ofEly, 3:8 
tamnead, Co. EIT. LendiA 

«^. 33 
kanbury, Knollys**, Earli 

■of, 53. »^3 ^ 
f anger church, 61 
karbe, Roger, 252 
Barbkan, i4? 
Barboor, Geffir y, t ;;«:, 156 
Bardrn-hill, Co. Leic. 89 
Barkeleyi, 181— cailfe, 

Barking, 294 
Barlrfton, Co. Staff. 3*3 
Barl^tw, Matilda, 227 
Barnard came, 347 
^a n«9, Mrs, 102 
Burnet, view of, 386 
Barnfield Hugh, of Cadbery, 

Barnftablf, Co. Dtf, «, 286 
Baohi s in fee, 35--TepIy 
• to, 125— anfwer, 18 > — 

queries regarding, 246 
Barrett, Mr. km Gothfc feat 

at Lee, Kent, 56— Tho. 
, of Lee, Efq. 1 1 7 
Barroir', Sir Thomat, »ij 

— upon Soar, 82 
Barry Vincent, 37O 
Ban, Rich. 269 
Barton manor and ]iari, 
I -I, 174'— 'inUli', **3"" 
William, 27 
fiarwcU, Mr. 35 
Bafinglloke, epitaphs at, 
107 — Tho. WaxtoD^ Vi- 
car of, X07 
Balkerrille, lo 
basket of Wilts, 97, TO) 
Baflectt of Blorc and Lang* 
IcT, 228, $16, 3i8~ 
eftate ?2r-Gilber, 305, 
3ii«> caftl«*, 310 — armt, 
134— -Ralph, Lord) 22 
B.iiferinus, Olbertus, 310 
B ffingrliwayre water, .^38 
Bate, Mr. bit feat, 217 
Bath, iri^wsn?ar, 63 
Baunton church, Co. Dev. 

Bay ham abbey, Kent, 63 
Bayley^ Sir Nicolas, 3 5^ 
Bayncon, Sir Edwaid of 

Wiitf, 98 — pedigree, 

105, 106 
Betcontfidd, To. Bocks, 

beaoiys, John of Sawttey, 

Beaochampf, Earls of War- 
wick, i.6-*Sir Richard 
of Powick, I03 — Lord 
SC- Amandj ibid. 105 
B;iau^efert, Co. Staff. 357 
Beaufort, Edm. D^e of 

Somerfer^ iji 
Beaumanor, C9. Leic 87 
Beaumonc fanliiy, 29, 81, 

87» 90, 9»t 93» 357. 
Bcchampton, Buck*, ^13 
Beckingham MaxHi, near 

G-tiosborough, 39-) 
Beck ley, Co. 0)c, 179 
Beddeley. Hants, 59 
Bedford, Duke of, arms, 

15.} — epitaphs on the 

Earls of, 4:;, 4-6 
Rednall, Co. Staff. 42 
Beech, John, ^80^282 
Beke arms, 3J2 
Bekeriogarmiy 296 

Bellgrove, Ma'hanielj f A 
Bell-houfe, Effis, it^ ^ 
Belief ^us Will. 2^9 
Bel voir caflle, 099 
Bclward, Will, de, 256 
Beodifli, SirTbo. 3) 
Bcnham-placOy Betkt, 

bridge at, 3^6 
Bcotley, 225 
Benton caftle, Mtlfbrd lin* 

ven, 63 
Beorredtti, Kmg of Meiria* 

Berathani Will, syo 
Bereferd arms 70 
Berewick-Baff:!^ WHti* 

Berford. SinioQ de, 254 
Berkenheady John, n pacf, 

«. '4» 
Berkhamaead, 0». Hert. 

Bekhiitawykey Adam de» 

Bcmake^ %i ^ 

Bernard, Sir Frauds^ bart. 

Bemwelly 360 
Bemwood fore^ Bncki^ 

Bertarios, Adam, 170 
Bertie ^eregrioa^ ^SS'^ 

Hon. Mr. 75 
Bert^m, 252 
Beyntoo, Sir JokR, of 

Wilts^ 98 
fiSgland, x8ft 

Bingham, Tho. 1-^4^ 264 
Birchington, Kent, Fctcrs 

of, 117 
Birimus, fp 306 
Birmingham, a 
Biron, Joan, 324--<nlM 

Bifchopeflone, Philip^ 

BiHiam Ab6«y. Petkt, 54 
Bi(6op's Clcve, Co. GImc. 

Bitham Park, Co. Line. 

Blackball mador, 104 • 
Bhckford, Simon, 269 
Blackmere, Lot d * Sortoagc 

of. III 

Blackthorn, Co. Ox. a. 133 

Blako^ Admiral, 291 



^Lkcw^l of MaasfieU, 50 
blanchmaiAciy Earl of Lcl 

ccfler, 8a 
BUvgherby, Co. Leic. 160 
Sjetfo, Co. Bedf. tpiUph 

at, 110 
Blic^lirg, Co. Norf. 1$ 

Bloody.britffC^ Chelfca, a 

view of, 63 
t^lott^ Tbo. ic«, 112— 
church, Co. Staff. 324 
- — aecoosc of, 317 —, 317, &f. 

telount of Burton and Tit- 
cenbanger, 163— arinf, 
165 — Michael, 306 — 
trmi 307— ChjrUi, Lord 
Mcuorjoy, x 00— Blunt 
Hall, near Utoctcr, ihid 

. — arms, 70 

Bloacwick, Co. Staff 42 

^lunfdon, Wiltt, Fcrreri 
of, 97f lOX—Bridgfaof, 

Bodkian library, 137 

"^Ifin, Anna, Qoecn, 148 

Boiingbroke, Oiiftr St. 
Juho, Earlbf, 150 

Folic, Rich. 303 

dolfovercaille, 190 

Bolton, Charles, Duke of, 
143, 151— -caftle, York- 
fhire, n. 176 
" Bond tenants, copyhoMcrt 
recalled, 168 

Bonde Will, 3^3 

Bonhams of Wilts, 97, 103 

koohoomef, a religous or- 
der, 131, 14s 

) bnupt parilh, 279 

lieoville, John de :8— -and 

Boiby Edote, 126 

Boffn, Rob. de, Earl of Lei- 

Gcfter, 78 
Boflock family, 157 
Bofvile, E19. 90 
Boteler, Lord, of Waning 


Bothe, Henry, 269, 277 
BotiUr, Wai. de »68 
Botolph, St. 298 
Botreaox, AoBe^ 236—^ 

Lord, 291 
Bougbtoo ooder Bleap, Co. 

Kent, 365 
Boaltbee, Mr. of Coleorton^ 

BoUrchler, Earl of Bath, 

292, ^71— Lady Frah- 

ce9| 46 

owdar Stone, 339 
Bowden Magna, manor, 20 
Boweles family, 197 
flownefi, 334, 348 
Bowyer, Mr. 283 — family 

of ^nipexiley, 14 
Bovynden, Co. Hertf. n. 

Brabasoo, 13 
Brackley, Vifc. 136, 140 
Bradboarne, John, 316 
Bradbury B«noetta, 226^- 

Kent, a feat, 53 
Braddylc, Ndr. 332 
Bradenham, Bucks, Lord 

WeQtworth*s feat, 184 
Bradford, WUf, Rogers of, 

BradgaU, Co. Leic account 

of, 83 
Bradley, Co. Staff. 4^.--^ 

Wil's,Monpeffonor, ioi 

Harrington> W«ll. Lord, Biadnedewe field, 205 
g'j . Bradninch, Co. Dcv. queries 

faootbe Alice, 226 of, 247 

Bootfaby, WilL 32a— Erq. Bradfliaw, Tho. 269 

gj JBrailetfordi Sir Henry, 318, 

Bore-plsce, Kent, Wil-j $21 

leughby of, 103 
^emm, William, mono 

mcntof, 33 
Borlafe, Sir John, 17 
Borow of Wilts, 97, 104 
Borough family, 236, 237 

Bianiihil], Hants, feat there, 

Brampton, 346, 348 
Braroftcn, Co. Rutl. 27 
Braofe Rctioald, 291 — Sir 
Will. 371 

Brecon^ priofy-«iJk» ?iew 

of, 388 
Bredon Heiias, Prior of, 151 
Bredfall iordihip, 174 * 
Brereton, Mr. C6 
Bretby, Co. Derb. feat of 

Lord Cheilerfield, i6i-« 


korrowdaje, 338— Gorge, Bratton ot Wiltf, 97, 104 
74^ j Braonflon, Co.. Leic. 81 — 

B4)iaal tower, fe^ of ihel WinOanlry of, 91 
AdbrcyS) »&s iBraybroke* 277--105 

M ir 

Breton^ Alan de, 255 

Brewood, Co. StafiC 4a 

Brewfter, Tho. 279 

Breydmers, 269 

Brian, 312 

Bcdgenortb, Tiew of, 385 

Bridges, Mr. of Coberley^ 
1^2 — Thomas, ofKein* 
Asm, ibid — Aothoay, 
2i2^Simon, his will^ 
208 — fam-ly 209 — ^Rou- 
land*s epitaph, 2tc— 
Thomas, Elig. 10 x— 
Giles £fq. 103 

Bridgwater. boufe, fire af, 
143 — Duke of, 142— 
Sails of, 372 — portraits 
of, 143, 150 — caftle288 

Bngges, Rich. 504 — Sir 
Moreion, 41, 43 

B lighten- beach, Suffnc, 387 

Bhtlhiil, Bucks, 186 

Briflof, Barbour bailiff of» 
156 — George, Eati of« 

Briflow, Mr. 243 
Briton ferry, Co. GJam* 

▼iew of, 385 
Broad head, Tbeoph. Efq. 

Broadhurit, Mr. 217 
Broaolow-aih, 322 
Broadwater 344— church; 

Suffex, 55 
Brome, fCenf, (eat of the 

Oxertdens, 6t 
B:omfieid, 291 
Bromham, Wilts, 105 
Bromley-Abbatts, 42 
Bromley, Mr. 378 
Brooke, 8— Lord, 96— Sir . 

Robert WUloQghby, Lor^ 

99, 100 
Brookes, Bafil, 288 
Broome, Sir John, 37a 
Broughcoo, Co. Ox; epUaph 

a», I f o — Sir Thomas, 
f^'/— 'Richard; 41 
I Browpe, Mr. the gardener « 


55<-«John Cive^ 69 — 
ILobcrtaod Beooet^ lig 
—Will, cht poet, acconot 
of, 3«a, 38 J 
BrosbottTOj Co. Hert. 136 
Bfoce aioBi ijo—Rob. 6t, 

a57. *i?> 459. 163— 
aernard, 2 58— of Whorl- 
ton, barony, 37— H>f Tot- 
tenham, 3S 
Bnier, Will. 2SS, 189, 313 
Bruera abbey. Ox. 1821 

BingB, or Br>^g««y Tbo. 

£fq. lot 
Brogge, Simon, tiit will, 


Brulet, Will. 106 
BianoiogtciA, Co* Derb. 

Fucbaa Comjrn, Eail of, 

Bockhurft paiidi, 279 
Bockingham, 1 3 7 — Couo* 

teii, 150 — prefrnt Marq. 

Backley, £dw. lift 
B«iiaoa« abbey, iriew of, 

fiolArode, Bucks, 184 
Bonce, C. R. 1 14 
Bond, Thomati kii feat 
Bordtr, 2, 14— Sir Tho. 

274— Sir Ro^- 69. i8c, 

284. n. 285,0. 321 
Biirford bridge, Ox. 155— 

clrarch notes, 34S 
Borgefi, Mr. ^n 
Burgh, EarlofUIfter, 231 

— -Thonu 240— arffii, 

Burgoyne, Roger, of Sotton, 

Borftfted, £(r«y, 294 
Burte, Johnde, Kt. 49 
Burley, Sir Simon, 1 1 8, 2C7 
Burlington Garileoi, 3 57 
Biirne, Co. Line. 299, ^y, 

Burrow-bndge, 3:^0, 347 
Borfcote, Rob. 163 
Burnem, W. C. 92 
Burtbred, King, 250 
Borton fnmil*, 21 — John, 

269— 'Burton on. Trent, 

Boty, WilL 1 14 
Battermcre Hawfe, %\i. 

342, tiew of, 387 
Pott hoofe, Co. Detb. 159 
Buttiler, Ralph Le, 230 
Butler, Heniy. 304 — of 

Hanley, loo 
Button, Williato, of Wiltf, 

BoyAory, HeUry, X98 
Bygnclte, o. Ox. 310 
Byrchc, Rev. W. D. i l7— 
WlII. Minifter of St. Ma- 

ry*s Doter, iM 
Byron, Rich, and Sir John, 

322— arms on mantle, 


Cadogan, Lord, hit feat, 54 
Caeroaivon, Marq. 212— 

Earl, 38^ 
Calc. Co. EVrb. 25 — cha- 
pel, 267— Wood, 269 — 

feat of Sir Henry Harpur, 

Caldwall pariA, 270 
Calfs, price oft. Hen. IV, 

I ;6 
Calfton of Wiltf, 9-, toi, 

105 — o. Wiltt^ Michell 

of, 104 
Calthrop, Sir Henry, 287 
Cambridge, Will. Earl of, 

256— Round church a* 3 59 
Camden, Goagh*f, RcTiew 

of, 53, 181, 38S 
Camelfoid, L id, 54 
Cam^ille family, i, 2, 82 

— ^Roger de, 253— -Rich. 

3n— 3'8 
Candy, Mr. 3S3 
Cannock, Co. StafF, church 

notes, 41 
Caotclupe, 20, 291 — Will. 

Canretbury , Thomaf, Arch- 
bifbop of, 2 ;o — city, 56 
— St. Martin's church, 

Canute, King, 53 

'v.arbury. Rich. Earl of, 
141, Ml 

town, 1^3, 110 — arms I Carew, Tbo. the pott, 142 
there, 1 65*- Abbot of, 66 1 Carey aims, 1 5a 

CariihffQkc caftle, view «f| 

Carleol Rfginald, 229 
Carletoo-hall^ Mr. Wal* 

lacc*s, 346 
Carleton-Corlew vilUge, a6 
Carlifle, 3.: 6— Earl oi, hm 

feat, iM. 348 
Catlcoo-chill, Co. Wott. 48 
Carpet -oianolaAory of Lof4 

Looiilale, 346 
Carranr, Will, of Lainhar, 

Carrill Btidget, ai8 
Carter, Jo^, hk tpiafk, 

Cartescti Baron, |^ 
CartmcJl FelJt, 3}i 
Cartwrighr, Richasii, fi^ 
Cary Adolp. of Berkbaa- 
Aed, n. 156 — Sir ttnL 
and Sir Henry, iM 
CaOwick, Co. Ldic. fieat o# 

the Trollop?, 75 
Caftle-Aihby, o. Nortlrt. 

Caftle-cborch, Co. Staff. 42 
Caftle-coeh, Co. dam. 3S4 
Caftle-crag, ^39 
Caftle- hay Park, 17^ 
CxMe^bill, near CaxnAo- 

roogh, 390 
CaAor, Lincolnlhire, 43 
Cateiby, Mr. 74 
Carberine-hill, GuiUM, 

view of, 386 
Carton hamlet, 267 
CavendiA fanaily, 142, 150, 

228 — Harry, 1 1 7 — Lotd 

George, \xz — Mr. 79 
Caver OiATO, Cv. Berka, ftat 

of Lord Cadogao, c4 
Caywood caftle, Co. York» 
Cecil, Sir Rob, 1^5— arms, 

152 — Wm. Lord Bnr- 

leigh, 148— Lady Fran- 

ce», 1 5 r — Lady Doiochy, 

376— family, ^89 
Chadertoo, of Wilca, 97, 

Chambers, John, 50, 51 
Champeroon, Robert, lod 
Cbandioia baiony, 212— 
George, Lord, 182 — 
James, Duke of, 38-^ 
Laey Francea, 4^-~ 


Qiiel, Lord, <,8 — Johoy 

Lord, IC3 
Chapman, John, 20^5 
Char, h(h, 345 
Charleilft, 176 
Charleton Ciceleyi 214 
Chtfncwood, or Charley 

foreft, Co. Lcic. 87 — 

poem 00, So 
ChateihaU, Robert ^, 165 

— Wahei*, 266 
C^hatfworth, Coi. Dtrb, 176 
Cba worth Fain and Panic, 

aoi—SirTboniai, 320 
Checquers, Borict. 185 
Cbedie, Co. St^ff. 320, 323 

— ^Tho. Egertoo, Rcdior 

of, 14 
Ched worth. Lord, 182 
ChcUfer), Tho. of Wilts, 

Choke, Fnncit, 10 1 
Chiiftiatt, Mr. hh hoofe, 

134* 335 
Clanmarnoife, Ireland, 347 
Clare, Earl of Gloucefter, 

anna i6^. ^30. ai^i 
Clarence, Duke of, atoia and 

piaure, 155 
Chreodon,Lord Chaotietlor, 

CUrke family, 14, 15— 

Clemefiti, Anae, 308 
Clermont, Hugh de, 256 
CliePord, Walter, 311* 
Clifion Camvile, Co. Staff. 

I— Clifccn, Co. Dcrb. 

279— ClifioA M^gna, Co. 

Derb. 2 30 
Clio'on, 321 

97. 1C5 jCioptod, Sir Will. 377 

Chcltofl, Wilt^, the Lord .Coal-mmei, at Coleorton, 

of, 97. ir5 I Co Leic. 94 

Chel worth, Co. WlUt, X05 Ccbcriey, Co. Glooc. 181 

Chendit Ulioo, x ; 1 
Cheney, Lord and La<ty, 

J 3^ — Sir Eimond, of 

BfOftk', Wih«,99 — CI 
Cbewys Chapel, 1 ucks, 4 5 
Chefelden, Anne, 27 
Chefter, Maud, and Ralph, 

Earl and Counteft of, 250 

— Earl Hugh, 251, atmsj 

Cl.efler6eld town, 289 — 

Ea'l of, 161, 1S5 
Chetwind, 321 
CheveoioK, Co. Kent, s;6 
Cbsyne, Sir John, cf W*lt$, 

Chojncy arm*, 377 
Chich*:fler, Edw. 372 — ci 

'y. 55 

Chichley, Henry, Abp. of 

Canterbury, 1 ] 5 
Chilcot, Co. Derb. 10, 14, 

^'hilham cafife, Kent, 56 
Chilton, Bucks, 178 
Chunift, Lord Gray one, 


Chippenham, Co. CaiRb. 

Chipping- wkomb, Bocks, 


Ci>bham, Sir Th mat, 238 
—of Sterboruugh, arms, 

Cobsfiel^i, Co. Ox. 356 

Cocket family, 3 4. 

Cod nor calUe, Co. Derb. 

Coslum Biitannicumy a 

mafqvie, 142 
Coins, 12 rare^ 122 
Cukaynr, arbara, 226 — 
John, 2^', 26 jt 277 — 
Sir Afton, 18; — Sir 
Thomai, 3i5, 322, 724 
Coke, S r E^v : » S, 190 
Coker, Mr. :o5, •;o7, 3 j8 
Colebioke, Sir Grorge, 56 
O.lcurcor, Co. Iieir. 93 
Colefon, Will. 198, k\)^ 
Coleflon, ?20 
Coleyne, Henry, 312 
Col'cge Unit Ox. 179- 
Colthorft, Rrv. Mr. 32! 
Columbel, Rogrr, 3x3 
Comberrord manor, i^rS-— 
Will. & Alan de, ihid-^ 
marrelJous fiory at, ihi<i 
—Dorothy, 226, 356— 
Humphrey, 356 
Comberoiere abbey, fiew of, 
Chobbam, Wartoa, VicarlCompton, Co. Derb. 27 

of, 107 

Co. Ok. 3ia"MQrdacky 

Co, WarwJTem^y &f, 


Comuf, Milton*!, account 
of, 139 

Cimyo, Earl of Athol, 
arms, 240 — John, 48 — 
Earl of Bochan, iin'd, 8^ 

Co gtere of- Aldermaftoo^ 

Conifft^e, Jodft, Will. 376 

Cooiihcod priory, 322 

Coniflon water, sSj-FcUt^ 

Conft, Walter de, 254 

Conway, Sir John, 21 » 

Cookes, iSi 

Cooper*t hill. 286 

Cooper, Sir John, 3r(5 

Copf, Sir Richard, 287"^ 
family, 61. 182 

Copenall, Co Staff. 4* 

Copwood, John, 226, 32* 
— ^Richard, 322 

Coi bet. Rich. Bp. of Nor- 
wich, 182-^irRichan}^ 

Cornwall, Edmund, Earl of, 
131, 1^2, X35, 145— 
Rifhard, i3i-~£dmond, 
2*? 6 — Sir George and fa- 
mily, 62— his leaf, 387 

Cornwallis, Sir Tho. 154 
— Tho. and Sir Chailei^ 

Cotry, Walter, »6o 

Corion, W.ltE, Moxupc/Totf^ 

of, fC2 

Ccitutine. Geffrey de, 254 
Corc^ of Woodcote, 322 
Coton, h'mletof, 171, 177 
Cotton miili at Burton, x 66 
Cotton^ John, 226 — Sis' 

R-ch. 227. 322~Jaiief 

Cotflo« hundred, 36^ 
Coobregge lanat, 3x1 
Conniies, di?ii|on ofj^ 91 
Courtmy, Egcline, 305 
Cowdry, Co. Sullex, j| 
Coxed, Henry, 370 
Cracrof^, Mr» of Lowtfef^ 

297— Leonard, 303 
Craven, Johnde, 25$ 
Craven-hall-wood, 911 
Crayford, Edw. ^nd WiJfc 

1 16 
Creek 1, 194, S9 7 


bra^an chprcli, Bm4c|» 1B5 

Cn(wf}\, Mr. 92 
Ccewker, Johti« 269 
Crofti, Sir John, 135 — Sir 

Ricliardy xox 
Crombweii) Rob. 270 
Cromford mooTy 285 
Crtfrnmack-watv, 342 
Cromwell protcAor, 93. 

»85» 34ft— Lort, ©f 

'Wiogfieldy HI 
CfOoke» Judge, elftgj 00, 

177 — epitaph 179 — Si( 

Jobs, 178 
Crui, Will. 264 
Croftbwaite ch^ltcb, 343 
Crouch back, Edmuad, x 70 
Ciowes coffee room, Mv- 

gate, 6) 
Crow-ptrk, 338^ 
Crowne -point, view of, 64 
CrQihal) church, Co. Derb. 

267 — Tuo. Princep of, 

CrumweU*e fee at Boftoo, 

30c — aim-, 32 
Cr«i»dal, Han 'I, 58 
Cubley, Co. Derb. n, 224 
Cukeaejr roanor, Co. Nott. 

Culbamford bridfce, 155 
Colingwkood baml|^, 171 
Cumbrei, Alurcd dc, 25i> 


Curlew family, 24 

^urfon, Enpellard dr, 159, 
266, 27v-*»Rich. de, 
a6o, family and aim?, 
362 — Penn Afiiton, x8d 
-i-Will, 264--Tobn, 2-7 
~ Thomas of Croxall, 66 

Caihred, King* 3 ;S 

IfuHfr, Mtf. Francef, l\^ 
— Ladj Magdalene, ihJ 

i>acrp, Vyr^n, r 5. 389 
Dagworifi, Nicolas; 49 
73j|e, j.^hni 104 * 

bajfon, Co Wtfftm. 33a 
Dimary f*mAy, 310 
Dancy, of Lavingcon, Wijtf, 

P-JLcJ, Will. of.Wilw, 98 

OF P£R96NS ahd tUkCBS. 

Damrert^ Sir John* ^ Wiltf, 
g^-^of Daafej, 106 

Danfey, John, 27 

Danrefcy, Wika. Stradlii^ 
of, 104 

D^rcy arm, 51 

0«re:i,Sir Gcorfp, of Wilrr, 
96-^CoBft. 97 — pedi- 
gree, 101 

Dafliwood^ Frandt, ft43— 
Sir San. 244 — Alderann 
and Si^ Francit, 183 

D'aubioe, Earl of Bridg- 
wateri 192. 372 

Dawei, Tho. 27a 

Dawley, Co. Midd. feat at^ 


Da wfon family, 70, 71 

DaTrrill, 252 

DayreH, 183 

Deaoe, Kent, 56—^2 

Deane-Weil, Co. Wilu, 

Debanc, Rev. John, 34 
Deige, Dr. 283 
I>e Le Pierce family, L16 
Delawarr, Lordt, 55 
Demeay, Mr. a88 
Denbigh, Ccnotcft, 150-^ 

Bafii, Carl of, 373 
Oeaewei bay* wood, Co. 

Derb. 266. 269 
Drnham*t elcfy 00 Jodge 

Crooke, X 77— hit liut, 

Denhim, Boclei, feat of the 

Bowyert, i S4 — another, 

of Berj. Way, l(i{,ihd 
Denfelarmt, ^2, 5? 
Dcntnn, Sir Th<i. Kt. 366 

— [ohn, 367, 37c— 

valley, Kenc, 6% 
Derby, Ferdinand, Earl of, 

135. 14S — Alice, Coon- 

tefa, J 3 9, 148 — Tho. 

Earl or« 312 — Town, 

279 — ^Edwf'd, Eerl of, 

67— Ferrcra, Earl of, 82 
Oerwentwa^cr lake, 338, 

942— Lord and Lady, 

Desford park, Co. Leic. 81 
Defpfn^er, Hugh* 263, 

319 — Earl of Winchef- 

ler. 87 
De thick arms, 136^ 159" 

Sir Regipaid^ 311 — 

Hnnffcy of KowImH, ^7 

tlererewx monosieBt, 205^ 

Jonathan a i — hmdf^ 


Devoodiire; Dokeof, 177 
Dewo, Rev. Henrj, 69 
Dcyncoon armr, 51 
Digby family, of Gocborf; 

112 — Henry, of Tkken- 

cbtc, 92 
Digget hiuiy of Brooae, 

Rent, 61— Tho, Ef^ 


Dinham, Lord, 371 
Ditfon, on Dait, view oQ 


Dixwelkof Kent, 61 
Doble, tohn, 3S1 
Dodderlball, Bocks, feat of 

tftePigott, iS6 
Doddtngton, ChfiAoiplier, of 

Wiiti, 99 
Doddleftoo, Che<h:tc, 137 
Doddridge, Jodge, 286 
Dodiogtoo, iSi— Co. 

GIooc Wjket of, 99 
Doley Agnes, 76 
Domefday-book of Hamp^ 

ft^re, 57 
Dominican Friars at Caa* 

teibury, 56 
Donningtnnon the HeaC^; 

Co. Leic of — johd, 372 
Oo-chefttr, Co. Oa. 155 
Dormer, Sic Rob. 135, 363 

— family, of Wmge, 1 S 7, 

i8fi — Lord, 361 — ^nrtj 

Dorfet, Duke of, 56— 

Thoma«, Marq. of 86, 

Dorton, Backs, x8^, M 
Dove river, 169, xyo 
Dover, Kent, ^6 
Dovre, Itabel, 291 
Dooay Walter, 289 
Dowoes, ft 26 
Dracot, Elia. aa6— Jf^B 

277. 178 . 

Drake ai iiis, 73— Sir Fiaa^ 

eif, ^83 
Dhke!ow, feat of the GiciiB- 

leya, XC22 
Drape*, Chriflopher, 241 
Dra>cote, fubu Ncedwooid, 


Drayoct fcjmlet, 171 



*S^» 3^0 — ^' Midd. 
PnimnMidy HeBry^ El<|« 

Pniry» Sir Rob. 375 
Dnddon CaadM, 3)3 
Podley, Jdm, grant of AA- 

ridge to, X 52 — ^Joha, and 

S<rRichird, 105 
PtoUard fu'tik, 3i> t*i 
Pumbletofl, town of, 1 64 
•P«iikfweJl> 290 
Duninallcc hill, 345 
DonftaviNe, Walton of, 104 
t}apr2. Mil. of WhilcoB 

IMtfk, 187 
Purer Albert, t8i 
bnrhas), Jo^A» Bp. of T44 

'*<*fy» 347— viewof,387 
Purrant, General, 62 
Puivaflal, IS — Will. 15 
Dyot, Rich. Efq. 69 
Djfvei in Normandy I 170 

legle'icrag, 341 
l^alpego, Abp. of Canter^ 
bury, barbarouily murder- 
ed, 30 
Earner, John, n. 135 
iaft-bourne, view near, 385 
£aft*cliff at Brightoo, view 

of, 386 
Eaflington, Co. Glooc. Ste- 
phens of, 16 
Xacon, Co. Derb. 15 
tcclcAill-caftIc, Co. Staff. 

Bdburga, daughter of A- 

diilph, 250 
Vdtemmbe-fflomit, view of, 

$86 '^ 
Edin^toa^ Sir Tho. 81 
fdlaftoB, po. Derb. 225. 

Edmund, Earl of Cornwall, 
. founder 'of Aihridge-ab- 
bey, Bncki, 131 
Edwardet, John, 281, 282 

E<JytU 5 

Bgerroo, Sir John, Tho. 

^ and WiH. *3, 14— Mr. 
Tho. aftd Lady Alice, 
140, 141. — LordChan- 
o^r^ aaecdotetcf> 136, 

ftc^-funlly, 140, 29ft, 

3ft2*'**Po*'tfaiu of 147. 

a. 141.— Sir Rkh. 199. 
'. — Oawd, ft 56 
^.fefton, Co. Rotl. a 1 5 
^ghan, Co. Sorr. 289 
Eg|i, price of, t. Nen^ IV, 

EleQr 00 Ju^fte Creoke, 1 -^y 
Elford, Co. Staff. 3, 4 
Eliftaheth» Qveen, lodgid at 

Aiiridge, 1 34-— ditty of, 

176 — portrait of, 146 
ElJclborottgh, Co. Bockf, 

EUrfmere, Tho. Lofd.— 5rr 

EUmore, Co. Glow, ftat 

■t, i8x 
EIringtoo, Tho. 315 
lltham» fohn of. Eat! of 

Cornwall, 20 
EWeleia, Rob. 273 
Emlyn, Baron of, 151 
Encombe, Co. Dorf. fiew 

of, 63 
Engaynearmi, 384 
Bnglcby cbapel, %$St ^67— 

pariA, s68— lordAip, 

Epitaphs, mifcellaneout, 

iio. — atNoriniry, 231 
Bfdintoii laodf, 311 
Erdfwjc, Hugh, 321 
Efcouri Gilci, of Wilti, 98 
Efcuage, or Kalght-lervice 

tenure by, 26 
Efdailc, Sirjamet, 389 
Eflege, Hintt, 289 
Effe,'or A/^, Hanti, 60 
Effex, Henry, Earl of, n. 

135-^Mr* l'^"' 359.— 
Sir Tho. of Berkf, loi 
Eftfcwaite water, 334 
Etheibald, King, 348 
Eihrope, Bucks, lih 
Eton^chapel, 184 
Eu'dodeArfic, 188 
Enreos, Earl of, 256 
Evefliam battle, 320— Ab- 
bey, Co. WofC. view of, 
Evynhim, b. 133 
Everdon aimi, n« 136, 323, 

Byre, John, of W}it$f 98 
—Tho. 2x^ 

Bieter, Bdw. WHImigtiby^ 
Deanof^ 99.<^Th». Ei»f 
of, 376 

Extraaetti, Joh% 2x5 

Page, Tho. 108 

Fairfo^d. wkidowl, Co. 

Glouc. poem o«, tit.-^ 

account of, 182 
Falcobnrg D. Adrien, 107' 
Fald, Co. Stiff. 322 
Falkland, Urd, 348, 350 
FaMonei Go. Wilt*, BayjK 

tonaof, xc6 
FantaHe In WtadH W a fa ^. 

lake^ 63 
Farley, Johta, 204 
Faihley-woed, Cow Tof. 

view of, jSt 
FarringdeB*a ff«W«, 338 
Farthingoe, Co. NoHht; 14 
Faucodb^ge^ Henry 4S«-^ 

Talbot, iMrd, m 
Faweii, Thomaa, SV9 
FawlA, Biieks, 367 
FeJtoB, Sir Henrys Thmeul 

ComptoB, 377 
FcnoehamptoBy WiH. 2r4 
Feres of filounfdon, WUta. 

Ferret I, E*rl< of De<4»y, 82, - 

i69» **9. 257. 31*— 
Lotd, 16^, 207.— Af 
Tamerorth, 217.— Law- 
rence, EaiJ, n. 191. — 
Wjihingcon and Rob. 
ihid, — amit, 51 

Fettiplace, John, of Slif- 
fiird, 1 01 

Field, Henry, 76 

Fieidfnp, Henr}% t88 

Piennei't of Brotfghtoa caf- 
tle, no 

Finchee of Aykaford, 215-*- 
Hon. Capt. 52 

Finderne, i^Catherine, 214 
— Walter, 254. — John, 

Finey, Will, of Finey, 4^ 

bi/her, Tho. 281 
Jitsalana, 2^7, 263 
fitsbernard.'Tho. 154 
Fit2 Gilbert, Rich. 256 
iFkehardiflgermsy tSi 


FitilMfMfft tf riotbory* pc* 

tlK JtMife, 2»6y 227, 
3ix.*-«f Tiliiqgtoi^ i i>i 
— JobOy 269. — •rinf, 

anm* 14 
Fitsffogcr, HearTt 26, 28 
Fks«»an«a» FuJc, 25 1 — 

Urf, 371 
Fitswater, Lord, Jobs, loi 
FitswUliam, John, 303 
FUckfamilf, 378 
FUimdoo» Thoiw«y i3t 
Fleetwood; 185 
Fkaisb Rkh*Bp. of Lio- 

coin, B. 1 3a— tfmf, 301 

SirMklMclU, 336 
Fktcker* Rer. Goo. 125.— 

Walter, #70 
Flett, Tbomoffy 305 
F!oddoo field, 49 
JI7 of, Co. Suff. 101 
Foieft of Lciodler, ooljr a 

cbace^ ^i 
Foljambe, Jobo, 27^ 
Folkfloqe, view oc, 384 
Fonnarke cbapel, is^* ^67 

— tycbet, 2/4— feac, 39, 

Forneli fells, 3^2 
Forfler, Sir Huinpbrey, $3 
FoAro^e, Leonard, 92 
Foftert of Eghant a^6. — 

feat of lodge Doddrige, 

Foftoo, Co. Derb. 216 
Fotheringay caflle, Co 

Kortbt. n« 17^ 
Fowke, familjr of Brewood, 

Co. St«ff. 4a, 43 
Fowleburft of Cbefliire, 82 
Fowler, G«biicl, ofTylef 

worth, 307 
Fox, Ge». 301 
Foxlowe of Staircley, 117 
FovtoB, Co. Leic. manor of, 


Fiancfyt, 10. — Rob. 278, 

n. 321 
Fraoocet, John, 306, 310 
Frere, Rich. 3^4 
Fierchcville armfl, ^2 
Frefliwater-bay, Ifle of 

Wight, view of, 63 
FitftoB-hAufr, Co, Su^:. 4 


Gfbbes, Madbew mk E4* 

Friavt Black, Cjaterbvrr, 

biftoryiofy 114 
Fr;arf Gray, at LeteeAtr, 

7S— at Hiifgewater, 291 
Fridar, Sir Sinoa* 2 > 
Frior, Tbiu. epitaph oa, 

Ffiftj, Jobs, of Co. Leic. 

Frithfdea manc'T, grant of, 


Frogatr, W.11. £fi| 185 

Foibiirn, Rob. 3^0 

Fulford, Sir JoLo» 372 

Fnller, 137 

Fuljambe, 226 

FiirncJc,.^Heary, %i% 

Farneft abbej, 33s — lo< 

Fumival arms, 224 — Tal- 
bot, Lord, (Ti 


Gadfden Uttie, Hortt, ma- 
nor of, 131, — Till of, 
132, 13;. — Epitaphi in 
the church, 141, 1 $3 — 
Grt a/ Gadfden, grant of, 


G.ig , Lord, 55 

Gainiboroogh, Co. Line, 
hiflory of, 236.— Will. 

de, 2;9.^~aaii^uitie8 at Gordon, Lord WiU. 342 
and near, 390 | Goring, Geo, Lord, %^z 

Galoway, Alan, Locd of, Gofdale Back, 345 

Gaoocke, Will. 305 

v^» 57 — E^- Rkbaid, 
GObrd, Sirjobo of CbO. 
iington, I9i» — Sir Thaw 
204, %x% — deStimti^ 
215 — Sir Th*. 279.-- 
•nw, S63»— Sir Ceojir, 

Glanvil'e, Ralph dc^ 254 
Gleine, Sir Peter, Bait. 

Gleo-gieaf, Co. Leic. viU 

I'ge, zi 
Glcndowrr, Owoa, d^fca* 

▼ery of kit body, 116 
Gl nfield famUy and village, 

Co. Leic. 82 
Glodcaffer, Robert, £^il 

of, 2c6, 252, — Dttke, 

arms and piAure, 155 
Glyoce, Sir Will. io6 
Goderner% John, 273 
Godolpbm Udi ly, q% 
Golden Vale, Co. Hcref. 03 
Goodier, Anthony, 47 
Goodman, Tho. of Caw 

Leic. lai 
Goodriche, LordTalboCo^ 

Goods cba*ch| anno 1603, 

p. 19 
Gooftrey, Tbo. Elq- 185 
Gordg, Tho. of Wihs, 9! 

Gothic manfion V Lord 

Sheffield, 55— of Mr. 

Gardiner, Sir Ricb^ 375— Barrett, 56— of Gen, 

arma, 376 Dunmnt, 72 

Garrick, Mr. bia TiUa at.Gotborft, Backs, 210,211 
Hampton, 63 [Googh** Camden, Review 

Garfdon, Wilt', Moody of,] of, 57, i8x. -,88 

Googh, Sir Henry, 288 
Gowbatrow paik md ball, 

Gower, 228 

Grace-Oieo, Co. Leic. 91 
Grammon', Count de, 162 
Grandmeifoel, Hugh, 82— 
armt, 93,— -Robert dc^ 

Orange riUage, 339 
Granger, Cbriilophcr, 50 

Gaunt, John of, 65, 17-3, 

Geeff, price of, t. Hen. IV, 

Gereodon abbey, Co. Leic. 

85. 9» 
Geroefton-wood, 204 
Gernon, John, 204 — ^Ro- 
bert, 293 
Gerrard, Sir Tho. 279 
Gerran, or Jerv ei9» psdigrae 


Hont4 264 



Granville, Mr. nis houfc at HalUbara, Bucks, 184 
Edlaflon, 225 Hallett, Mr. lite of Can 

nons, 183 
Hallftedi, an entreochment 
at Oikover, 3 1 7 

Cray, Henry Lord^ of Cod- 
nor, wiJi of, 213 — of 
L^ngle/, 215, — Mr. the 
PO^f. 337» 338— few ti. 
midjty, 340. — Graj*s- 
Inn, 349. — of Wark, 
Loid, 168 

Greenwich, Kent, account 
of, 3c.-— epitaphs at, 31, 
32 — hofpital, 338 

Grendalt, Tho. of Fenton, 

Grendon Will. 225.— Co, 
Staff. 317, ^21 

Grenrille, Rich, of Wot- 
ton, H7 

Qjrefley family^ 2, 3, 69, 
7^ — church, 160, 175 

GreTille family, 100 • 

^rey. Lord of Wilton, 14 
— arms and quartering!, 
y52.-^f Rotherfield, 
183. — of Gfoby, «3, 
273-r-Lady Jane, accouni 
of, 84 — John of Eaton, 
3 1 9. — Lady Sophia, i u 4 
— of Codnor, Richard, 
Lord, 320 

Grtmftone, Sir Harbottle, 

Grobbere family* 198 
Groby, Co. Lcic. 82 
G'ryn arms, 317 
Guilford, Earl of, hia feat, 

56.— view of the town 

of, 386 
Guife, Sir Will, feat of, 

Gull, Tho. 304 

Halnaker, Co. SufT. yi_ 



Hackingtoa church, 

Kent, 148 
Hackwood, Hants, feat at, 

Haddon, Co. Derb. Ver- 

nona of, ^ 7 
Dadleigb, Co. Suff. epitaph 

at, I Si 
Hadl; y, Co. Midd. view at, 

Halea of Salifbury, 97, 104 
^alford, WiU. of Co, Lelc. 


Haliham, Hugh, of Co. 

Sufl*. Ill 
HaltwiAle, 346, 34^ 
Hanr. walks, view from, d^ 
Hambury, Will, Efq. 197 
HammoQd, W. Efq. n. 

Hampden, Sir Edm. 203 — 

Vifcoont, bis feat, 5 s 
Hampfliire Domefday book, 

rrview of, I rf 1 
Hampftead Heath, view of, 

Hampton Court, ^49 
Hampton of Salisbury, 97, 

1^54 . 
Hampton- Gay, Co. Ox. 

Hanbury, Mr, accoont of, 
23 — manor, 171, — paik, 

Hanhamarms, ?2 
Hanley, Co. Dorf. Butler 

of, ICO 

Har borough manor, and 

town, Co. Leic. x 9» 20 
Hardwlcke, Chancellor, n. 

138.— Hall, Co. Derb. 

79> J76 
Harecourt family, 25 — 

arms, 70. — Simon. Vil- 

COOnt, 23 2 

Harefidd, Co. Mid. 139 
Harford, John, 204 
Harker, John, 279 
Harlaflon manor, Co. Staff. 

ic, 14 
Harman, Edm. epitaph on, 

Harpur family, Kf 158, 
199, 278.— Margaret 
and John, 293 — Rich, 

a74» a79 
Harrington of Peotletoa, 

-^20 — Lord, 54 
Harris, Francis of Co. Leic. 

Hart, or Haut of Kent, t66 
Hartiihorne, Co. Derb. 160, 

Hartley,^ Mr. of Co. Olooc; 

Hartop Valentine of Co. 

Leic. 64 
Harvey, Sir Rob. Batefon, 

Hailings, 81, 82,90, 1589 

207 — Sir Edward, 134 — 

Henry, Lord, 48, 257 — 

arms, 281. — Sir Raipby 

Haftiag Maurice, 229 
Hatfield, Co. Hcrtf. 13^, 

Hatton, Sir Chrifbpber, 

148, 205. — Mr. Finch^ 

Haoghton, Co. Salop. 50 
Hauoton, 5, '9 
HaverilJ, Co. Sbff. 215 
Hawkins, Efq. ^65 
Hawkherfl, Kent, Scott of, 


Hawkfhead town, 334, 348 
Hawkftone, Co. Salop, 387, 

Hawn 8, Co. Bedf. ibid 
Hawkfworth, Mr. 280 
Hawte, Sir Edm. 118 
Hay, Geffrey and Ralph, 

Haya, Rich, de, 317- 
Hayford, Co. Dorf X05 
Hayter, Efq. of Salifbury, 

Hayward, Mr. John, no 
Haywood, Co. Staff. 22 
Heckfield heath, Hants, 28S 
Hedendon, Co. Ox. BaiTet, 

Baron of, 318 
Helenflow nunnery, Co. 

Berks. 157 ^ 

Hemelhamfted, Hertf^ ma* 

nor of, X 3 z 
Hengrav.r, Co. Suff. 215 
Henrictia-Maria, queen ol 

Char. I, 155 
Henry V, king, verfes 00^ 

X09.— 'pidure and arms 

of, X55 
Herbert, Sir Will. Earl of 

Pembroke, 149. — Mary, 

Baronefs of Cherbory,i 50 

— Henry, Lord 'of Cher- 

bury, 151 
a53> 159> »68, — Wil- J Hercourt Gualteras, 35S 
liam, 266 > i Hercy arms, 297 

C Hereford, 


Hereford, Bp. of, 144. — 
Waller, 266 

Herts arm*, ^o 

Herle, Sir Will. 81.— Ro- 
bert, 8s 

Hermitage curioot, at An- 
chor church, Co. Derb. 

Heron, Mr. of Chilham, 

Co* Kent, 56 
Heron vile family, 356 
Hcrricke, Sir Will. 87 ^ 
Herfliatn, Co. Suff. ti^ 
Hertford bridge, Hants, 


Hertford, Earl of, 288 . 
Hertbull armt, ^25 
HertiAorne, deed of Henry 

HoUci CtTw^fCf 5» 
Holvoke, Alice, 22 
H<'nifter-Crag, 741 
Hno- hundred, Kent, 21^ 
Hood, Wilt, of Co. Leic. 

Efq 90 
Hnoicer, Sir Will. ^3 
Hopkin, John, 279 
H.ipley, Ro^er, 204 
Hopf, 0nce efieemed weeds 

Horecrofs hamlet, 171 
Horoehill hamlet, 171 
Horfey Bartholomew, of 

Wilts, 98 
Horton, rcfideace of MUton, 

Hortt, Will. 3cS 

de, 285. — manor, Co. J Hothfi:td, Kent, 56 

Derb. 321 iHoundon, Sir John, 43 

Hervey of Ickworth, ba- Hovrden, Rob. D. D. 1x5 

rony of, 38 | — family, 116 

Hefton, Co. Midd. 73 ! Howard, Mr. loi. — Hon, 

Heveningbam, Co. SufF. 8 Menry, ^22 :«^ — Wilt. 

— Hall, views of, 387^ I^ord of Effingham, 373 

Heumiiii D*. Ottho, 117 Howes, Co> Drrb. 277 
Hewett, John, Efq. 197 Hubertuf, held Aft, Hantf, 
Hexham, Co. North. 347, 6o 

348 I Haddlefton, 6 

Hextal), Tho. Efq. 198 
Hey ha park, Co. Staff. 174. 

—Mr. Peter, 348 
Heynet, Sam. Efq. 144 • 
Heythrop, Co. Ox. 353 
Heywood Fore ft, 140 
Hickman, Sir NeTiile,2^9. 

-k-WiUiam, 141. — arms, 

Hickes, John, TS4 
Highedge, or Heage, Co 

Derb. 273 
Highgate hill, Midd. Tiew 

on, 385 
Highnam, Co. Clone, feat 

at, 181 
High-Wicombe, Bncks/183 
Hillefdon, 366 
Hintes, Co. StafF. 322 
Hiaton St. George, Co. 

Som. S54 
Hitherley, Co. Der. 73 
Hobart, Sir Tohn, 15 
Hodenfaale, Bucks, n. 133 
Hogihaw, Bucks, 187 

Hud It n, Mr. Mich. 76 
Hugelyn, Will, of Appleby: 

Haglefcote, Co. Leic. 90 
Hbme, Sir Abraham, 144 
Humphrey, Duke, his tomb, 

poem 00, 180 
Huogerford, Sir Walter, 

i?6, 98, 101, 372 
Hunt, Ralph, 30S — Hum- 
fry, 3<~9 — U^^f ZS- 
Huntingdon, David, Earl 

of, 257.— Henry, Earl 

of, 279 
Huntingfield family, 30^ 
Hurftmonctaux caille, Co. 

Suff. 55 
Hurt, Francis, Efq. 68 
Hofle, Rich. 2694 — Lord, 

his houfe, 290. 301 
Hufley, Will, of Wilts, 99 
Hnfcy, John, 306 
Hutchifon, John, 280 
Hyberna, R^lph de, 166 
Hyndr, Sir Francis, 366 


Ibttl, Co. Derb. 177 
Ickham parifb, Koit, Lcf 

jn, 117 
Idyl<, three, writteo at An* 

chor-chorch, Co. Deib« 

Ingham, John and Oiivcr 

de, ^12 
Ingleborough mountain, 37 j 
Inhabitants at Burton, nujn- 

ber of, 1 66 
I>:kippeifle, nnrScotl. 66 
I ones. Rev: Giibert, 117 
liby. Lord Bofton, 301 
Iron- ore of feveral focta,. 200 
If ton, John, 269 
I (ham, Ljidy EIiz. 370 
Iver, Bucks, chorth Botei 

from, 7 3. —manor, Mr. 

Shergolds, 184 
Ivingoe, Bucks, 13T, 132, 

Ivory, Sir John of Wilu, 
102 ' • 

HogAill Farm, Co. Staff. 14 I Hy worth. Wilt*", Stoon of, 
Holland, Co. Line. 299.W J 10^ — ^burial-place oJF the 
Hottfa, Co. Midd. 61 J Warneforda^ 103. 

fackfon, Wifl. 20 
James I, King, 149 
James, Rob. n. 1 33 
Janfen Comelras, 141, 14^ 
Icffries, Chief Joftice, 1C4 
Jenkins, Henry, (aged 169,) 


Jenninp, John, 279 
Jervetfi» or Gerreia of 

Thorpe -Langton fismilyi 

Jones, Inigo, 56, i6x, x8i. 

221 ^ 

Joyce family, 160 
Juliua*s tower, 171. 


Ktlet, Will. IT4 
Karliol Reginald, 273 
Kate Athclard, 3 04 
Ken river, 331 
Kendal family, pedigrtc an^ 
epitaphs, 159. — Caftle^ 

33i> ?47 
Keppel familTs %%7 
Kernuck, John de^ 255 
KefcadaJ^ 343 

' . INDEX 

kefwick, 336, 339> 34^» 

Ketling, Mr. 275 
Kefcltocy Earl of Chefler, 

trmsof, 230 
Kebworth-Beanckimp, Co. 

Leic. manor, 26 
Kebworth-Harcourti Co. 

L^ic. manor, 25 
Kidderminfler family, 1^4 
Kilpec caille and family, q 
King, Sir Joho DaOiwood, 

Bart. 184.— Philip, 369 

^-of Hereford, 204, 105 

*-Dodor, 184 
King*!- Peon, Co. Heref. 

205.— ColJegf, chapfl. 

Cam. 184 
Kiiigfley; Co. StafF. 323 
Kinifmill of Wilti, $8 
Kingflon, Duke of, 62 
Kingfwere, Co. Som. 289 
Kip*a vie wi of feats, 161 
Kiiby, Co. Leic. accoont 

of, 81 — Stephen, Co, 

Wcflm. 33<5 
Kirketon arms, 50 
Kirkham priory, 29! 
Kirkman, Leonard, 303 
Kirkftall abbey, 64 
Kirkflon MU, 344 
Kitfon, Sir Tho. of Hea 

grave, 372 
Knabbeweli, Wiles, 105 
Knapp, MactheW, 213 
KncYitt, Sir Henry, 98 
Knight family, 294 
Knightfeldes, 197 
Kilightoo, Henry de, 29.-^ 

village, ilfid 
Kniveton, Joan, 226 

Henry, 269 
Knockmone caftje, Ireland, 

Knolia of Wilci, 98 
KnoUe-wood, 269 
Knollis, WiU. Earl of Baa- 

bury, 51 
Rnowle, Kent, 56 
Knoyll Bertram de, 1 14 
Knyvetr, Sir John, Lord 

Chancellor, 319 
Kyncchardus, 250 
Kyngftoo arms, 50 
Kyng-SuttOD, 3x0. 


L. . 

Lacy, Earl of Lioeoln, 258 

Lambarde, .Will, the anti- 
' quartan, monument of, 32 

l^ambs,^ price of, t. Hen. 
IV, ,56 

Lamior, Ralpb, epitiph on^ 

Lamkin, Rob. 304 

Lancafter, John, Duke of, 
65 —Henry, Duke of, 
1 70, -^Thomas, Earl of, 
n. 171, ^11. — town, 333 

Lancelin, Roger, 253 

Landa, Will, de, 229 

Lande- Morcod, hamlet; 171 

Lang fiver, J30 

Langdale, 3^0 — PIket, 336 

Langford parifli, 279 

Langet, charter dated at, 


Langh3m,'Co. Rutl. 

Langley, Bucks, 184 — Co. 
Dcrb. 321, — Meynill, 
323 — John of Great 
Mar low, i^ 

Langton Eaft, Co. Leic. 2 1 
—Thorpe, 22--Weft, 
22. — Walter de 22 — 
Stephen, Abp. of Can- 
ter boiy, 114 

Lang.Wiater-Baflett, Co. 
Derb. 213 

Lanfdowne. Mtrquia of, 

Lapleyt Co. Staff. 4^ 

Lafey, Hugh and' Walter, 

Lathbury, John, 269 — 
Alured, 278 

Latimer, Edw, .21.— Wa- 
rine de, 2% 

Laugh ton, ' Soflex, Lord 

Pelham's, J 3 
Lavenham, Tno. 


Leake, Co. SufF. 256— 
arms, 296, 297 — ^Jobn, 


Leflfe from the priory of 
Gerendon, 85 

Leathes water, 337 

Leaured, 293 

Ledweli arms, 365 

Lee, 5, 7. — Grange, Boeki» 
latie feat of the DormerS) 

Leefon, Mr. 165 

Lefroy, Anrhony, Efq. ac- 
count of his 1 2 rare coins^ 

Leiburne, Kent, 56 

LeiceHer, ihort account of, 
*9> 77» — Tho. 272, — 
George, Earl of, 328 

Leigh, or Legb, family, of 
Welling :on and R'dge, 7, 
1 9 9 — ^Dr. 2 7 1 — Philip, 
2:1— of Rufliall, 200, 
203 — Edward, author of 
Cfirica Sacra, ibid, — Sit 
John of StockweiJ, xc6 

Leinton manor, Co. Nott« 48 

Leatall, fpeaker, 348 

Lenton, prior of, 29 

Leoniball caftle, Co. Heref. 

LeTen river, 333 

Leverton church, 303 

Lewis caftle, SuflTex, 63— • 
family, 242, 243, 307 

Lexington, John de, 253 

l.ey, 7 — James, Eail of 
Marlborough, 147 

Lcye The, Co, Heref, 208 

Lichfield fpire, 1 62— mo- 
nument in the CsthediaJ^ 

Lightfoot, Tho. 279 

Lillefhull abbey, i6o»--' 
WUK Abbot of, 251 

Lime, 292 

Lftvington, Wilts, Dancy Linch, Johrr, 272 
of, 99.— Sceple, Wilu,[ Lincoln, Edw. Earl of, 279 


Law, John, 29 
Lawder of Wilts, 97, 105 
Lawes, n. 142 
Lay ton. Dr. 271 
Lea, 7, 8— of Te-.font, 

Wdis, 97, 105 
Leach, Elq. of Eflcx, 

''' C-, 

Lindis river, 299 

Lindfey, Earl of, 355 * 

Linton, Oliver de, 259-*, 

hanblet, 275, 277 
Lifter Agnes, 226 
Littkcot, Co. Wiltr, Da- 

rellof, ici 
Littleton, S'r Edw. 218—)^. 

Tho. ill 



Livlph*! tower, ^45 
Liret, Roger de, 25* 
Lodfe, Mr. 287 
LohdoD, Fulc BaiTet, Bp. 

of, 318 
Longford, Alice, 926-^ 

Ralph, 226, 228 — Rich^ 

277. — NicboUi, 316 
Lonefpe, ic, 311 
Longueville, Sir £d«r. 2 
Lonfdale, Lori^, 330 
Lord*s jfle, 3 8 
Loftocke wood, 2Z9 
Louis, Efq. 93 
Louther, Sirjamec, 332 
Lowdore water fall, 3^9 
Low-wood, 3^5. — Inn, 348 
Lovame, Lord, 371 
Love, Kich. 260 
Lovel, Luce, 1 32. — Henry, 

270.— Lords, 310 
Lovelace, Lord,. 54 
Lover, Sir Rob. of Co. 

Bucks, 373 
Lovodtc, monument of, 10 
Lucie's manor, 135 
Lucy, Sir GeflFrey, 135 — 

Codf'ey de, 254 
Ludlam; Will, of Leicefter, 

the nucbon'tCy 89 
Ludlow of Wilts, 104— 

caftle, Co. Salop. 139 
Loffenham, Co. Rutl. 

Goodman of, 22 
Lulwortb caftle, ^H 
Lonley family, 5 5 
Lupos, Rob. 114 
Ldtcgate-hall, 313 
Luret, Rich de, 252 
Lydford, Co. i3ev. account 

of, 378 — poem on, 580 
Lynne, James, 19. 


Mackwortb, John, 269 
Maddifon, Sir Edw. 44 
Mai fnii warren, Ralph de, 

Malbanc, Will, de, 318 
Malo Lacu, HanMO de, 1 14 
Iil'aiiey6n, Will. 264, 272 
Manfere arms, 240 
fanners family, 67, 92 — 

Mansfield, Co. Nott. hiftory 

of, 48, 113 
Manvers arms, (;o 
Manwaring, Ralph, 2^6 
Manwood, Judge, portrait 

of, 147 
Marbury of Marbufy, 276 
Marcell, Eudo, 28 
Marcbington lordfhip, 171, 

Maiefcall, Will, de, 2-0 
Maria, Infanta of Spain, 

por r*ii ot, 147 
Maikfisld, Co. Lcic. 86— 

A'lcnof, 27 
Markham, Sir Juhn, 295, 

296, 207 

Marlborough, Sarah, Du- 
chefs of, her character, 
I 8g— family, 184, 186 
Marlow, Bucks, account 
of, 17, 197— Little, Pri- 
ory, 183 
Mar m ion, Geffrey, and 

Albreda, i 
Marfliall, John, 226 
Marfton parifh, 279 — ^Truf; 

fel, White of, 27 
Martins, St. Church, Can- 
terbury, 1:7 
Marvin, Sir Jamct, 98 
Mafon, Sir John, V57 
Maftert, Rich. Efq. 144 — 
Streniham and Legh, 215 
Mattock-laods, 171 
Maunfer, Will. 270 
Maureward of Cole-orton, 

Mauiice,' Prince, 292 
MaWbey, Sir Jof. 9a 
Maynard, Sir Henry, ic6 
MflynelJ, Robert, 269 
Meautys, Peter, Efq. 294 
Meditations, book of, n. 

Med menh am abbey, Bucks, 
183 — ^notcd club tbeie, 
Mee family, 161 
Meignel arms, n. ,136 
Mel bum, Peter de, 269 
Melton, Nicolas, 251. — 
Milo de, 266, 267, 270. 
—John de, 268— Cha- 

Ceo, Lod Ros. 3 "2. — I pel, 2 5«;, 271, 277 
Adam de, 20 [Meots, Sir Cuarine, 371 

Manfell, BuflTy, Lord, 22 3lMcrcia, Ulfric Spot, Earl 

of, 163 
Mering ■nm, 296 
Mefliam, Tho. 281 
Meton, Jnbn, 260 
Meruwal, King. 250 
Meverell, Tho. 3:2.— 

arms, 325 
Meynil, Sir Hugh, 321 
Mcy fey family, 9 
Mey/ham Chapel, 255, 267 

— repair of, 270 — ^pariib. 

Michell of Wiltt, 97, 104 
Middle-Clay too, Bucki, 

fca' of EsrI Vemey, 187^^ 

Church noes at, 565 
Middlekx, Edw. Earl of, 

143— Jwncs, Earl of, 

Middleton, John, 20. 375^ 

Nich. de, 2:? 9. — pa'ilb, 

279. — callle, 3IC, ^ z 
Milburn, Sir Tho. of Will^ 

Milcotp, Co, Warw. Cre- 

vil: of, 100 
Mill«, Eliz. 2 3 J. — Simoo^ 

Milton hamlet, 277. 279, 
—John, 139. n. 152.— 
John of Great Marlow, 

Mil wards of Cbilcotr, 14, 

MinchendoA houfe, Co. 

Midd. 63 
Mint J Crags, Scotlaad, TJew 

of, 38 <; 
Mirley, Will, de, 2^:5 
MiHendeo Abbey, Backs, 

Mitcham academy. Sorry, 

view of, 62 
Mirchrll. Mr. 185 
Moccas, Co. Heref. 62 
Mody, Rich, of Wilts, 99. 

Modwenna, 163 
Mohun,' Reginald, 291.— 

Sir John, 312 
Muigne, Sir W. Kt. graat 

of arms to, 19a 
Mooebawr caftle , 63 
Moningtoo, Gent. 205— 

family, 2^7.— manor, 

2 1 5 — church, Co. Heref. 

rebuilt, 216 


Vonksy Bonhommei, oamei 

of, 134 
Monke family of Iver, 
• Bucks, 74 

Monmouth, Joho de, 312 
Mono w river, view on, 385 
Moopeflbo, John, of Wilts, 
^ 97. 102 
Montacute, Anthony. 

Browne, Vifcount, 83 
Montalc, Rob. dc, 257^' — 

Lord Adam de, 270 
Monteville family, 300 
Montiichcr, 293 
Montgomery family, 13, 

217. 321. 322.— arms, 

224; — Walter, 225. — 

Nich, 278 
MoQtjoy, Ch. Blount, Lord, 


Moore park, Surry, 54 
Moore of Wilts, 99. — Sir 

John of Applfby, Co. 

Leic. and family, 6-, 

More, Tho. 157.— Roger, 

Efq, 306 
Morgan, Sir James, 205 
Moiley, Rich, de, zyo 
Mortryn, Rob. 269 
Morton village*, Co. Line. 

Morwich, Hugh de, 2^4 

Mofcley family, 168. 169. 
— pariih, 279. — Dole- 
penny, 201 

Moftyn, Rich. 212 

Moton, Sir Rich, of Pen- 
tletoo, 320 

Moubray arn>t, 231. — 
Du kes of Norfolk, 277 

Mould family* 71, Sec. 

Moulfoe family of Gothurft, 

2X1, 212 

Mountagu, Duke of, 332 
Moyle, 6 

Muckrefs abbey, 388 
Maligny, Alured de, 253 
Mulny, John de, 260. — 

Alured, 269 . 
Mufcovia, Emperor of, 137 
Mufgrave, Sir Philip, 330 
Mufwell hill, Co. Midd. 

Mutton name and armi, 

Mynde park, 9 



NaA, Co. Kent, 365 
Naworth caftle, 346 
Nay lor, Mr. Hare, 55 
Neal, Geo. of Co. Leic. 28 
Needwood Foreft, 1 7 « • 173 
Netlcy abbey, 69. 38 5 
Nettledeo, Bucks, n. n3 
Newark, Co. Nott. Town- 

h»ll, 53 
Ncwaik, The. at Lciceflcr, 

Nowburgh arms, 14^. — 

lord/hip, Co. Staff. 172 

•174-^Hcnry, Earl of 

Warwick, 318 
Newby river, 331— bridge, 

ihid, 348 
Newcaftle up^n Tyne, t^'l 
Newt:jga{p, Sir Rob. 155 
New-hdll Tprings 16:?.— 

manor, Co. L^crb. 3 
Newhaven,.Loid, Ch. Che- 

r.ey, 150 
New place, Co. Straff. 3:1 
Newton- m the Thili.cs, 

Co. ')cib. 69.— John, of 

Kir.K's I'lomlcy, iiz- 

chapel, Co. Derb. 21; 

267 — William, 3 )3.- 

Ifle of Wight, view of, 

NVville, Sir Henry, 
Ralph, Lord of Raby, 
I c) :;— E{3 w. ihiti. — arm*?, 
16 r. — farr.ily of Go- 
thurft, 2»i. — Eail of 
Warwick, 237.— I'ugh, 

Nicholl arms, ^o 
Nichols, Mr. his hjflory of 

Co. Leic. 29 
NicoU," John, Efq. 311; 
Nigellus, Lord of Rufhall, 

Nobl'-s and Gentry of Wiitf, .Ofbaldcflon, John, 2c^3 

Norreys, Franc. Earl •f 
Berks, 148 

North, Dudley, Lord, i63 

North iogton, Lord Chan- 
cellor, 2-^7 

Northumberland, Moictr, 
Earl of, (<S6, 256 

Norton pariA, 169. — Nor- 
ton fu bter Cannock, Co« 
Staff. 42 

Nofthwaite village, 341 

Nowers, Ralph de, 210— 
Sir Will. ihid,—Sir AU 
maricand John, 211 

Notts, John, £fq. 294 


^adby, Co. Leic. 29 

Oakover, Co. ^ Staff. 3 1 ^. 
3.12 — defcription of the 
roanfion, 314, — pi^^urea 
there, ihiJ, — church, j 1 5 
—epitaphs, ihid^^-'ansM 
and pedigree, 316— 
Ralph, 322 

Oatlandf, Surry, ^4 

(X'eninghale, Co. Derb. 294 

OfHngham, 347 

Ogdcn, Dr. 362 

Ok ham, Co. Ruth 215 

Olaus Magnus, faying of, 

Ola ham, Mr. Ironmonger, 

Oldifworth, Mr. W. poem 

by. iSo 
Oliver, John, 279 
On* ly, Edw. of Cate&y, 

Efq. 220 
Onflow, Rich. (Efq. uz 
Onwyn, or Owyn of Wiltf^ 

<"rmr, Adam, 251 
Ormond, James, Duke of, 


Noc!> Edw. Earl of Gainf 

borough, ZJU 
Nor bury, Co. Derb. 22 c, 

Norfolk dukedom, 181. — 

Broiherton, Earl of, 161. 

— Tho. Duke of, 40 ' 
Normi^nton, Co. Derb. 


Ofborne barony, ^y. — Sir 
]ohn and Sir Rich. 367 

Often, Tho. 312 

Ofwoldbeck manor, Co« 
Nott. 48 

O I more, Co. Ox. 309 

O'cere, Philip, 266 

Ouze bridge, 343 

Ovcnden, or i/oveden X)f 
Canterbury, 115 


Index of places^ awd pfrsons. 

€>x, Lincoliiiktffey portrait 

of, 385 
Oxcu^feoy Col. Ridb 32. — 
' family, 56. — Sir Geo. 

and 5ir Hefiry, 183 
Oxford, Aiberic, Eail of, 

i83-*-UiM?eTfity, x8t 

Oklej, Co. Suff. 322* 

Packifigtoil old chordky Co. 

Warw. 388 
Fackman, Simon, 81 
Pacy, Mr. 301 
Pagaoel, Fulc. 289 
Page, Nich. 171 
P*g« family, origmof, 356 
PainihiU mmHon, Co. Sar- 
. ry, view of, ^85 
PaiAtingt^ TopogrtpbicaJ, 

<i. 193. 384 
PaHavitiai, Lady, Eli«. 377 
Palmer armr, 367.— R«'phi 

ofLiflleCbdfea, 36S.— 

Baronet! of Wingbam, 

Kjent, 56 
PapiUon, David, Biq. 56 
. Park.hill) Co. Staff, feat of 

tbe'Bafltttt, 311 
Parker, Ricb. 66,— Mr. 

3'4 . • 
Parfons, EI12. 370 
Parlrkk parift, 279 
fatric Will. 252— Simon, 

Bp. of Ely, 239 
Payne, Mu of Tong caftle, 

Paynell, Mr. 300 
Pattcfdale, 345 
Peake, 170 
Peale, Mr. 166 
Peekfc, John, 264 
Peele ifl^nd and caftle, 333 
PeeJy bridge, 345 
Peers, Laurence, 76. 
Pegge, Eliz. of Yeidefley, 


Pklbam, Lord, 55 

Pembroke, Jafpcr, Earl of. 
49.— cattle, 63. — Earl, 
98.— Valence, Earl of, 
264* — Mary de St. Paul, 
Councefi of, ihid, — ^hall, 
Camb. i^d 

Penkeridge, Co. Staff. 42 
Penn, a (eat in < ucks, 184 

— family, owners of Penn* 

fylvania, iM 
Penny. bridgr, 332. 34S 
Penrith, 346. 348 
Peorudcock, John, of Wilti, 

Pentieton, Co. Rati. 320 
Percl, Sir Henry, 237.— 

Will. 291. — ^arros, 50, 

Percbe, Geffrey, Earl of, 

Pefcod, Walter, 304 
Peterley hoofe, iSucki, feat 

of Lord Dormer, 185, 

Peters family of Canterbury, 

Petrearmt, 146 
Peverrll, Will. 256—RaI^h, 

Peyton, Sir Tbo. 372 
Phillips, Samuel, 244 
Pichard, W.ll. 259. 867 
Picot, Gilb. fon of, 252 
Pierpont arms, 50 
Pigot, Tho. Efq. 281 
Piikiogton, Mr, n 285 
Pincernc, John, 313 
Pjnnock, Joan, and Tho. 

Pipe al-mtj 219 
PiperelJ, Rob. and Will. 

Pitflion, or Pii(home parifli, 

Co. Bucks. J 3 1 
Pitt, George, i82~Ge. 

neral, 28:^ 
Place-fell, 345 
Placenwyd, Co. Anglefy, 

Placecis, Hugh de, 318 
Plefymon, Sir Heoty, 306 
Pock ling ton*s ifle and houfe, 

Poems, 1 1 2, 176, 180, 234, 

247, 380 
Pot'le, John, 226. — Peter, 

Poolcy -bridge, 348 

Pop?, Sir Th.S. attendant on 

Q. tJia. 1 14. 
Porclicflcr caftle, Hants, 

Port, Sir Juhoi ofBtwall, 

224, 2»6, 128, t?^;— * 

arms, 281 
Porter, Hiftaons, 272 
Portland, Will. Bail of; 

i44.---Co. Darf. view of; 

Potlac naaor, Co. Dierb. 
268, 263 

Poatdon armt, 50 

Powlettarmi, 152.— Hon. 
Anne, 293. — ^tn, Brid- 
gett, Aime, 354 — Re- 
becca, John, Soiai BrU^ 

8«tt. 355 
Poynta, Sir'Nicnolai, Kc 

Praed, Will. M. P. for St. 

Uc$, 186 
Prefton, Gilbert, 267 
Preffwood, 269 
Prideauz arms, 50 
Prince, Rich. 269 
Princep^ Tho. of CtoxhaO^ 

Prior, Dr. 280, 2S» 
Purback, Vifc. 190 
Pufey, Hon. Mr. 51 
Pye fiouly of Clifun Cam- 

vUe, 9, 15,16 
Pykenton tillage, 268 
Pypehall, Co^ Stafil BagoC 

of, 4 

Qoarles, John, 76 
Quatermerih family of Cole^ 

orton, 92 
Qoincie, Earl of Wiotoo^ 

19. 82 — arms 93. — ^Ro^ 

ger 6€, 257. 


Ridboame, Co. Derb. 279 
Raddoo, Co. Dev. 289 
Radigund*s St. Abbey; 

Kent| 56 
Radnor, Earl of, 53 
Raleigh, Sir ,Walt. memo* 

rial of, 108 
Ralph Prior, 272 
Rafar, Jo. dan de, 25r^ 25s 
Ratby, Co. Ldic. 83 
Ratdtffe, Dr. ftoiyof, 28. 

— ^opon Trent, Co. Koit* 



Rtanftooy Co. Leic. 91 
Ra?enfcroft, portrait of, 

148. — trmt, 374 
RaTcnftooe ^ale, 3-^0 
Hawdon, Wilts, 196 
Re;ide, Will, of Wilti, 09 
Reading, Lepert hoofe there, 
" 2 6 

Recade, Wj!l. 304 
RecDl?er, Ktnt, antiquities 

at, 56 
Rede, Tho. 2 71 
Kedtcic, Alexander, 67 
Reginald Prior, 27% 
Remfon, Co. Nott. 159 
Rendcomb, Co. Glouc. 

Reppington, fhilip, 78. — 

Gilbert, ni^ 
Repron, Co Derb. hiftory 

of, 249. — continued^ 263 

— Shruba, 162 
Refon, Ellen, 181 
Revel, Tho. 143 
Retlewcod, 227 * 

Rhctite, Ralph de, 27; 
Rice Griffiib, of Carew 

caftle, Co. Pemb. io6 
Rich, i<ob.Efq. 185 
Rich. III. King, His dead 

body conveyed to the Grey 

Friars, Leicefter, 78 
Richboroogh, Kent, 56 
Richmond, Edmimd, Earl 

of, 49 
Ricotj late feat of I«ord 

Abiogdoo, 184 
Riddell Oeva, 256.— Sir 

Geflfrey and Hugh 319, 

310 — arms, 319 
Rid wire, Roger de, 229. — 

Rich, and Walt. 273 
Ripariis, John de, 318 
Rippon, Yorkfliire, 63 
Rivers, Geo* Lord, 182, 

Robertfoo, Tho. 304 
Robinfoo, Sir Geo. his feat 

atStrettoHy Co. Northt. 

29. — John, 304.^-Mr. 

hit houfe, 345 
Roccller abbey, 322 
Rochefter, Wihnot, Etrl of, 

Roddcfley, Co. Der^. i r 
Rodney's mouotaifl, Co 

Salop, 3»6 

Rogers, John of Wilts, 97, 

RoDe, of Stevenftonc, Co. 

Dev. 374 
RoUeAon, Co. Staff, manor 

167, — family, ^ 68, 284. 

—park, 175.— Will, of 

Swa'kfton, 278 
Roi)er, Will, of Elcham, 44 

— Samoel, ^73. — Hon. 

Francis, 365.— Ralph, 

Roppele:, Rob. de, 251 
Rofe caAle, Cumberland, 

Rosarms, 24c, 302 — Will, 

Rofl-fto», 277 
R flin caftle. 384 
Rofs caftle, 3S6 
Rothrram, Tho. of Soqd- 

merMTc, 41. — John, 67 
RotherAeld- Grays, Co- Ox 

Rough -Hay- Wood, 174 
Round-church, Cambridge, 

account and view of, 359 
Rowceftrr, Co. Staff, 234 
Ruane, Peter, 253 
Rudder, i8z 

Ruffus, or Rous, Will. 201 
Runny-mejd, 286 
Rupert, Friocr, 292 
Rufliell, Co. Staff, hiftory 

of, 197* — family, 203 
Ruflinut, Sir James, 223 
Ruilell, Franci?, Earl of 

• edford, and .Margaret, 

his wife, 46. 373.— 

Thonjas, D. D. 14^ — 

of Chippenham, 1S5. — 

ofWilr., r,S 
Rycof, Co. Ox. 149 
Rydal-head,. Co. Cumb. 

Rjddiogs, Co. Staff. 

Sacheverell, Catharine, 228 
Sacombe park, Herts, 106 
St. Albania, Kent, feat at, 

n. 141 
St. George, arms of, 1 5 ^ 
St. John, Sir John of filet* 

(oe, 46. — Nich. 9S — Sir 

Paulcit, 2S8 

St. Paul, Mary6«, Coqatelf 
olFPemSroke, 264 

St' Pere upon Dyve, H 
Norraindy, hou(e of, r7a 

Saladin 4c Crans, Monfieur^ 

144 • 
Salifbury, Sir John, 17, — » 
T. Montacute, Earl of* 
i5S.~WiU. Earl ofg 
^ 312. — BiAop of, i8i 
Salter, Lady Mary, 74 
Samford, bir Juhn, 519 
Sandes, Lord, 98 
Sandlcfcrd, Berk% 5^ 
Sandys, Will, of Gieat Mar- 
low, 18 
Sanford, Co. Oxf. 370 
Sapco:t, Co. Leic. 213, 

Sarnsfield, Roger de, 204 

— Little, 2C7 
Saunders arms, 36) 
Savoy, Peter de, 298 
Saw bridge, Mr« Aldermafl^ 

Say and Sele Barons, 1 10.— > 

Vifcountefs, 185 
Scarfdale Waptatake, Co, 

Derb. 289 
Schegeby, Co. ^ott, 48 
Scopbam arms, 50 . 
Scotland, Miry, qoeca of, 

Scott, Efq. 183 
Scrope of Maiham Grff^cf, 

L^, 20 
Scodamore, Sir Ph'Iip, 2c j 
Sedge brook, Co. Liac. 295 
Segeberr, King, 250 
Scgrave, John, Lord, 276, 

Selby, Lowndes, Efq. 185. 

Seicehaie, Co. Derb 253 
Servington, Edw. of Wilti, 

Seterbv, Co. Line. 95 
Sewell, John, 7 ^ 
Seymour of Wilts, 97.— 

fiartf, 184.— Lady Eli^. 

Shaft ft}uf7, Anthony, Eirl 

of. 316 
Shallflect. ifle of Wights 

view of, 35^5 
Shnfft^.H, Co. Staff. 4z 
bhavclock, Roger ^^3 



ShelfieUy Lord, hia feat in 
Suffex, SS 

Shelf.ird, Co. Nort. i6x 

Shelley, lyfr. 56 

Shelvmg*, Beonet, 118 

Shcppird, Tho. Efq. 187 

SherUnd, Tho. 74 

Sherman, Jamet, 34. 

Sherrard faanty of Staple- 
ford, 20 

Sherrington, of Lacock, 
Wilts, 102 

Sherroid park, Co. Staff. 

Shirley family, n. 321 
Shore, Mr. of Norton, 

Shrewflni'^y, Geo. Talbot, 

Ea'l of, 70. 175 
Shrubbe-wood, Co> Derb. 

jVhuIdham, Lord, 1 84 
Shu tb'»row, Co. StafF. 22 
Side ham Anfelin, 273 
Stdnaceftsr, ancient city, 

Co. L:nc. 39 f 
Simmond), John, Efq. 160 
Smai park, Co. SufF. 164 
Skepper, Rich. 303 
Skewit arms, 50 
Skiddaw, ^^8, 3^0, 342 
Skipwirh, Sir Will. 303 
SJubbilone hamlet, Co. 
■ StafF. 171 
Smith, Will 302 
Smith/by, Co. Derb. ac- 
count of, 158. — chapel, 

2<;5. 267 
Snareflort parifh, Co. Leic. 
• 6^ 

Sncll, John of Wilts, 9^ 
Snotinton, Co. Nott. 2Sv) 
Snypeftone, Philip de, 273 
Somerie, Roger de, z'" 
Somerfet, Edm^ Beaufort, 

Duke of, 10 1 
Somerville, Roger de, 26 j. 

— Rob. de, 26S 
South, J'hn, 76 
South acre, o. Norf 188 
Sou'ha.Tipton water, view 

of. 62 
S^/uthcotP, Mr. Juftlce and 

Anne, 363 
Sp!!thwtll minftcr, Co. 
- Noit. 62 
South wood, Co. Derb. 2S0 

Spencer, Sir John, of AI- 
thorpe, 139,-Mhe poet, 
ih'id, — Alice, Countefs of 
Derby, 148, 150. — John, 
269. — family, 34S 

Sprat, Tho. 76 

Sfye paik, Wilts, 107 

SiafFord, Sir Richard, 2 -> 
arms, 165. ^c ^ — Rob. 
J70— of Blatherwick, 
320 — Hum fry of Graf- 
ton, 32:? — Sir Homfry, 
99. — Margaret, Countefs 
of, 101 

Staindrop, Co. Durham, 

Stamford, Earl of, 85, 373 

Stampe, 1S2 

Sta.nford en Soar, Notts, 242 

Sunhope, Lord, 56 — Phi- 
lip, Lord, 279. — of El- 
vafton, 217. — Sir Tho. 
225.— Sir WilL 162.— 
Charles, zyS 

Stanley, Tho. Lord, n. 135 
— Lady Frances, 139. — 
Sir James, 149.— Sir 
Ed w . 21 2 — of Tong caf- 
tle, e2— Sir Tho. 67— 
Sir W'ill. 2^7.— Will. 
306, 31c. — rGeo. Lord, 

Stanftead caftle, 393. — 

park, SufTex, 55 
S anti:n, Lju'ence, D. D. 
75, 76— Will, de, 229 
— "^imon de, 15 1 — Rich. 
Ralph and Rob. z'O — 
Co. Leic. feat of Eatl Fer- 
rers, i5i, 321 
Stantnn-harcourt, 1S2 
Siapenhull, Will, de, 259 

— John de, 28 5 
vStaplctord, Sherrard of, 2C 
Stapleton of Gray*8 court, 

Co. Ox. 184 
S'arkcv, Simon, 279 
Sratfo.d, Co. StafF, 14 
Staiint-Tn, J hn de, n. 321. 
— Har Id, n, 321. — 
Wa d, n. 321 
Stawell, Baronefs, 53 
Stekcncy church, 303 
Siefton, Tho. 22 
Steven , W. Bagfhaw, 39. 
280— of Eaftington, Co. 
Giouc. 16 

Siill, Arthur of Cbertlet, 

Stirling, old palate^ 3S7 
Stockport, Rob. de, 67 
Stoke, Bucks, 184 — view 

of, 62 — Hants, 2S9 
Stoking, Co. Lfac 213. 
Stokkeley, Will. Efq. 19I 

— park, Co. StafF. 174 
Stoks,, 313 
Stone, John, 271 
Stone coffin found, 294 
Stoning, Rer. John, 1 1 7 
Stoon of Hy worth, 97 
Stoteville, Nicholas, 59 
Stoughton, Co. Leic. Beau- 
mont of, 94 
Stourton, Lord, 9S 
Stow, Bucks, feat of th^ 
Graavilles, 186 — Co. 
Line. 391 
Stradling of Wiltt, 97 
Strafford, Earl of, hit me- 
ditations in the tower, 

Strange of Koockin, Lord, 

2-57, 305-j-Roger, 31a 
Strangeways, James, 269 
Stiatfidd-fay, Hanta, 54, 

285, 258 
Stratfoid-Langton, Co. £i^ 

fex, 293 
Stroud, Will, poem afcribed 

to, 182 
Studjey manor, Co. Ox. 179 
Sturfon, Co. Derb. 279 
Sudbury, Co. Derb. 2179 

218 — John, 264 
Sudeley church, Co. Glooc* 

remains of, 182 
Sujne Tingfkege, the Da* 

nifh tyrant, 137 
SufFolk, Henry, Duke of. 

Sugenell, Rob. 269 
Suligny, Norman de, 153 
Sulyard, Sir John, 106 
Sutton, Rich. 264 — Simon, 

272 — Co. Nott. 48 
Swadlingcoate, Co. Derb. 

Swayne of Wilts, 07 
Sw/'ilington, Sir John, 29* 

—Sir Roger, 81 
S^rinerton, Humfry, a^* 

— manfion of, Co. Staflr. 



tlpriaficlr, 341 

Syltetter, tAuj, ^omnd, 

^d Will. S32.— Rob, 
. ind Tbo. 253 
iiymoions, Gfo. Gent. 349 
SyftoD, Tho. Abbot of Ge- 

-jcodoa^ 86. 


l*albot. Ear] of $hrewibury ; 

^1 1. —Earl .TdlboCy .ic;i 

—Sir George^ 167.— 
. Will. 205 
Talif, WiU. epitaph on, %t 
Tallakarne» John, 376 
llamwortb, curioua old 

manfion at, 3^6 
Tapfidd, Sir taureocc, 3150; 

— arnja, 351 
Taontr, Hauy L% 259. 

Tatenji^U, (p^or of, 171 
Ta;fliall, R^b. .de, 257— 

armi, 302 
Tavntoo, Co. Som. 292 
Taylor family, 67.— Tho. 

Tawftock, Co. Dev. ac* 

count of| y;i 
Teffont-ETiaf, Wiltt, 157 
T-cmplc, Sir Will. 54.— 

Heftcr, 187, — ^Jane,i79. 

—John, 352 
Tetlcy, John, 281 
Te>nham, L^rd, 3^5 
Thaikcj family or Reptoo, 

Ctf. Uerb. 273, 274 
Th^me, Co. Ox. i7>, 3C2 

— ^rirer, Co. Staff. 356 
Thancr, Ear) of, 56, 33O 
Tb fti- thwayt, Giks, 0/ 

Wilts, 98 
Thomai, Rev. Mr. of 

Raunfton, i ^S 
Thore(by, Geffrey de, 95 
Tburooury cadlc, Co. 

Glouc. iSi 
Thorndon, Effex^ L»d Pe- 

tre's, 6 J 
Thoinhaugh, John, of 

Fentoo, Co. Noit. 169 
Thornton, Bu.ks feat of 

the Tyrtelh, 187 Pe- 
ter, 317 
Thorny -hillf hamlet, Co. 

Staff. 171 


TrtpencU of WUtt, 98 
Jroufdale, WUl. of Ho«a. 

don, 44 
Tiuflcy pari/hp 279 
Tiiobridge rocks, 36^ 
TunftaJ) manor, 171 

Thorpe, Sir .Walter d^ 21 
Throwh^, Co. Staff. 522 
Thurrock'Grey, Effex, 21 3 
ThyiMie» Tho. of WUti, 

Tickepcote,. Co, Rqd. Dig- 

by of, 9i 
TickeahaU, wpod, Co. 

Derb. 253. — walie, 263 

— <hapeJ, 267-^loidihip, 

268. 277, 279 
TickhUl, Tho. 156 
Tilbury Tom, qf .BagdkDt, 

Tillingham, Bffexy- 34.— 

continued, 187 
Tillot, Rob. 277 
TiJocy't manor place, 300.^ 

— Dame Margaret, 301 
Tintern Abbey, view of, 

Tirwhit, Sir Will. 239 
Tiffing'^on, Co. Dctb. feat 

of the Fiishcrberts, n. 

Toare, Co. Dev. 2S9 

Toke, John, 269 

Tokeridge, 322 

Tbkottyt, Sir Roger, 96. 

Tolthorpe, Co. Rati. Bur- 
ton of, lO, 21 

Tomb, ar.cieiit at Norbory, 

Tomkint, Rich. zSc, 184 

Tong caiile, Co. Salop. 62 

Tooch, Simon, 258 

Toibay, Co. Dev. 63 

Torkfey caftje, Co. Line. 

Toucbet, Will. 207 

Tour thro* Midland Coun* 

t««, J9» 77, i57» 216, 

Tourney, Anthony, 303 
Toweri, John, Bp. of Pe- 

terborough, 77 
Townicy, Rob, 303 
TownfenJ of Lynn, Barony. 

37, i;a ' 

Tricie f.mily, 371 ' 
Ticbitch, Cornwall, Wrey 

oty 373 
Ti em river, X70 
Trigge, Rob. 302 
Tring, 131 
Triveic family, 290 

Turkenden lands, 319 
Turner, Sir Gregory, 306 
Tutbury honor, Co. Staff* 
169.— caAie, 175— pre* 
fenc ftaje, 176,— WiU. 


Tyringham family of Ty- 
ringham, 1&6, 


Uffington, Co. Line. 75, 


Ufford arms, 302 
Ulfwater, 34^ 
Ulverfcrpft abbey> Co. Lde. 

Uiverflon, 3^2, 348 . 
Under* Barrow Scar, 331 
Unerhorpe, Co. Noit, Jtj 
Upton, 321 
Uitoxetcr, Co. Staff. 169, 

170, 171- 
Uxbridge, Paget, Earl of, 


Vache, de la. Sir Rich, 49. 
Valence Will, de, Earl of 

Pembroke 23-', ^69 
Valletort, Will. 318 
Vanbiugh, Sir John, 316' 
Vanneck, Sit Geiraid, 387 
Van- Trump, 293 
Vaughan, Rich. Lord, 141. 

— John, Lord, i;i.— 

Walter of Golden Grote, 

Co Caermrthen, 151 
Vaux, John de, 298 
VenaMei tair.ily, 221 
Vcidon family, 205.— mo- 
' numents, 10, — aims, 

224 — Nicolas de, 2 59> 

Vere, Hugh de, ^arl of 

Oxford, 29.—, Earl 

ot Oxford, 89 
Vemey, Sir Ralph, 3^5 — 

lllrian, 36^-— Henry and 

Sir Edm. 3C7 



Vernon ftnily, », 67.— 
cptttpbt, 2 1 7, « 1 Sy s 1 9, 
»io— Will. iB9. *53— 
Warine, 15 3, — ^Lord, 179 
— johD» 47 
Verfftiles, 16a 
Vcrfel, ancient, Intckarch 

'book at Rttflia^, i6% 
Vialrftone, Tho. iji 
Vienna, Hugh ^e, a6S 
Vincent, John, 1^9.— 
Bryan, '76 

Wwiington lordihip, ^56 
IVadland, Tho. Efq. 78 
Wake;' Baldwin, 251 
Wakebrugf, Peter, 173 
Wakelin, Geo* 1^2 
WAkeman, John, 34 
Wtlderfliare, Kent, 56 
Waleden, Simon de, 170 
WaJei, -Priace of, 149, 

187 ' ■ 
Walitce, Mr. his hoofe, 

WallAraod, Geffrey, 259-* 

Sir Walter, 311 
Walle, Hugh, 259, 267, 

Waller, Stephen, of Bea 

consfield, a 22 — the poet, 

Wailloj^ord, Qerkt, 13a, 

M5» *S7— Viftount, 33 
Wallow-cragi, 343 
"Walney ifle, 33^ 
Walron of W.lti, 97, lOl 
• — Wiil. 27^ 
Walth^JJ, Will. 199.— 

place, 20:^. 231 
Waifingham, Sir Francis, 

I4«- ' 

Walter, John, of Sarfdeo, 


Whiten of Doofta?ille, 

Vakon, Tho. of Wilt5, 99. 

— Adiim df , \2 ; ^ 
Wanfled houfe, £n*ex, view 
^ of. 62 
Warde pedigree, 27. — 

Kdox, poem on, 247. — 

de la. Will. i63.^Rob. 

i.-]! — Tho. 279 
|Va:cn of Wijti, 97, 103 

Wark worth caft)e» 6^ 

yF«fMfor4, Rich, of Wilts, 
97, 103 

Warner, John, of Great 
Marlow, iS 

Warren, Earl of Sorry, 
•rmi, 231, 1(5. — Sir 
beo. K. B. 143. — Sir 
John Borlacc, 183 

Warton fimily, cpiuphioo, 
. 107, See. 

Warwick, R. Beaucbamp, 
Eail of, 155. 348.*- 
Ambrofe Dudley, Earl 
of, 26«— 4tftle, 63 

Warynge, Mary, ai 

Waihington, Co. Dorh« 
Chartea EfeRon, Ridor 
of, 144 

Waiiog, Berka, 967 

Waterperry,Co, Ox. church 
notes at, 362 

WaCrrfto(;k, Co. Ox. feat 
of Judge Crooke, 179 

Watfoo, John, 318 

Webley; Co. Heref. hiAor/ 
of, 2-4 

Wedgewood, John, 224 

Wedoeibury, Co. Staff, ac- 
count of, 356 

Welby, Mr. 297 

Weldoo, Co. Northt. 319 
— Sir Anthony, the wri- 
ter, 137 

WcJler, John, 226. — arms, 
302.— Honhfry, 316 

Wendale, Sir Will. 118 

Wenlock arms, 5o.r-Ab* 
bey, view of, 385 

Wefeham de, Bp. of Lich- 
field and Coventry, 201 

Wea-'y Wry, 156 

Weft, Mr. 332 1 

Weftbury church, Wilts, 

WeficoC -arms, 219. — Ma. 
ry, 228.— Will. 278 

Weftchffe, Kent, (eat of 
the Gibbon*, 56 

Weftcombe, K.en% Lam- 
bard of, 32 

Weft.Ham Abbey, Eflcx, 

Wefimoreland, Countefs 
Dowager of, 1^5, — £«rl 
of, 183.— franci-, B^rl 
«0 373 

WeftoB on Tlmit Co. StaiT. 
43 — Wiir. do, id.-!, 
Heary of Okbaoi, At». 
^— John, 270 
Wetton, WilUde, 254 
Weybrilge, Sorry, 54 
Weylaod, Tho. attd Mar- 

_8«y, 133 

Whaddoo, Wilts, i05.«.. 

ch^ce. Backs, 187 
Wharton, Duke of, 186 
Whelpdale, Catharun, 282 
WhUcoa park, Bucka, leat 

of Gov. Dupre, 84 
Whitchurch, SlueyAire, 

White, Elix.226.--Ilcary, 

Whitehead, yiTill. epitaph 

by, 223— Tho» 270 
Whfteleaf, ««/f», JV^. 

cliff cro(tf 185 
Wbittiogton, Co. Oerb. 289 
Whittocfand of wan, 97, 

Whonten, Bruce of. bt- 

*^«oy. 73 
Wiat, Sir Tho. 2 15 
WicheDor lordihip, 174 
Wichford, 310 
Wichwood fore*, 748 
Wicomb, Baflet, Bacoa of, 

WigAoa, Co. Leic. maaof 

of, 29 
Wilde, John, 72 
Wilkyns, John, 309.— oif 

Raooftoo, 92 
Williams, Judge, 149.— 

Johnoflhame, 76) 
WTUiamfon, Mr. 298 
WiJiingfon, Nicolas de, 267. 

— ifiJhgc, 277. 279 
Willis Browne, his MSS. 

Willooghby church, Notts. 

210. — Sir Henry, 251. 

— Kath of Cr. M«rlow, 

i8.~Oilbert,67.— arms; 

241,302.— of WoUatoo, 

297.-^of Brooke, 99 
Wilmore, Mr. 27 ^ 
Wilmot, Bail of Rocheilrr, 

Wilfon, Dr. 297 
Wilton, Lord Pembroke's 

bridge Vf 64 



Wmttkittf NoU« ui4 Gen- 
try of, tenp. Hen. VII, I 

Winchei Sir Haafry, hit! 

epitaph, ixi I 

Winchcodon, Nether and 

Upper, Bucks, 1S6 
Wiochefler, Cathedral, epi- 

lapha in, 108— 'E^rl of» 

£58. — ^Henry, Bp. of, s. 

Windermere lake, 63, 64, 

33^ 333f 334» 3H 
Windham^ Sir Hogh of 

Pilfdowne, Co SbiD« X02 
Windtufli riT«r, 348 
Wiodfor park, a86.— fo- 

reft, view in, ^86 
Winfreton, Co. Heref. si 5 
Wing, Backf, 186 
Wifligfield, Paul, 76.~-Co. 

Derb. in, 175 
Wingham, Kent, 5^ 
Winflow, Backiy 187- 365 
Wini^anley, Mr. of Brann- 

fton, 91 
Winfter parifli, 279 
Winterborne, Henry de, 29 
Wirkfvrorth parift, 279 
Wifdon, Alderman Simon, 


Wilhawe, Henry de, 166 
Witham, Sooth, Co |#inc. 

213 — ri?er, a ,^, 301 
Wittenham, Beiki, feai at, 

IViverton, Co. Nott. 320 
}4^o|^te^ Co,Salop^ 322 

Woderaff, WiU. 269.— 

Walter, ?o^ 
Woderow, WUts, 10^ 
Wo]ferftan,Francii of Scit- 

foJd, 14 
Wolley, WiU. 67.—. 

Wolfey, Cardinal, aeeoont 

of his laft ficknefs and 

death, 79 
Wolverhampton town, 356 
Woobom, Bocks, 184 
Wood, 137 
Woodford, Col. 185 
.Woodland hamlet, 177 
Woodward, Tho. 157 
WoodviUe, Rich. Earl &i- 

▼ers, 312 
Wootton, Kent, feat at, n. 

z 3 7 — Underwood , Bocks, 

feat of the Grenvilles, 

Workfop priory, Notts,^ 


WormehoU, Roger, 269 
WormenhaU, Bucks, epi- 
taphs at, 369 
Woifey, Tho. 204 
Wortley, Francis, 358.— 

of Thame, 369 
Woughron, Phil, de, 205 
Wray, Ralph de, 253 
Wrechero)che lands, ^ 1 1 
Wrey of Tre bitch and Tow- 

ftock, 373. 374 
Wright, Tho. 322. — Mr. 

yV- rinchUI, Co. StalT. 3:1 

Wrooghton, Sir Gbiiflo* 

pher, 96 
Wroston, Co. Ox* pomaitt 

•t, 182 /^ 

Wrythefley of Wilts, 97, 

Wndekoofe, .Wnlmer d^ 

Wyatt, Sir Tho. I34«i» 

Wychard, John de, 28 c 
Wye riter, view on, 385 
Wykos of Dodington, 99 
Wyind, John, 27* 
Wyoit, Bdw. 34, 188 
Wyrley, Little, Co. Staff. 

Fowke of, 43 
WYttington'caiUe, Co. St* 

»Pf 371 
Wyttom, Co. Eff. 363 
Wyvilly Rob. 229. 


Yelverton, Jndgr, 74 
Yngnareby, Nicolas de, 27S 
Yonge, John, 271, 172 
York, Duke of, C4 
Yoxall lord/hip, 1,74 

2^uch, Roger Le, 26 — 

John, 98 — ^family, 214, 
29].— of Codntir, 21^ 
—of Haringwonh, Z^7% 
—Alan La, 257. 


BeJfirifiin. Lydford 378 

Page Tawftock 37J 

BLETSO Church, ept« 
taph ixo EJkx. 

Ber\fffire. Ullingham, church notet 

34f '87 
Abingdon, St. Helen's Weft-Ham Abbey afj 

Church Notes 15$ 


Fairfofd windows poetically 
Aflirtdge Abbey, hiilory ofy 13s defcribed 11^ 

Cheneys Chapel, epitaphs, 45 
Claydon-Middlc, church Hmmlfinfe. 

notes 365 

Gothurft a 10 Balingfl»ke and Winchefiar 

Iver, church-notes 73 cpiuphs lOf 

WonnenhaU, epitaph 36^ 

Webley a04 

Cambridn, round church 359 The Leye tot 

Uoribeatfai epiuphs 374 Moningtoo .^15 

CunbirlanJ. KtHi. 

Tour 10 the Lakes J &c« 389 Canterbury, hiflory of the 

Black Friars 114 

Difhfiftiri. St. Martin's Church xay 

Anchor-Chuich^ three idyls lancajbkt. 

Afliover Church, font» ox Tour thro' Lancaflure, &c« 329 

Bretby x6i 

^prrary aaj' Lii^^JInrt. 

^epton priory and town 249, 265 

Smithefby I $8 Appleby, hiflory of 6j 

gv^dbui^ ai7 Tour thro' Loiceflerihire 191 77 

Bradninf h ^47 Bofloui hiflory of, t^% 

A Caflar, 


Caftor, epitaphs* 43 

Gainfboroughi hidoiyof, 136 

Sedgbrook church notes 199 

Severby, church notes 95 

Uffiogton, epitaphs 75 

Mircelfaineous tntiquhiet 390 

Weftminfter Abbey^ epitaph 



Southacre churchy monu* 
mcntin 1S8 


^ur thro* part of 3^9 

Mansfidd^ hiflory.of* 47, 50 j 
Stanford on Soar, epitaphs 2/^2 

Brooghton church, epitaphs i to 

Bureefter 130c 

Burfbrd ^ .348 

Hampton^Oay, epitaphs 369 

Sanford, epitaphs 370 

Waterperry, cfaarch*notes 362 

WaterAock 179 


Bridgwater cafile 968 

Hinton St. Geoige, epitaphs 354 


Burton on Trent iSj 

Cannock, church notes 41 

Clifton- Camvile i 

Norton fubter Cannock^ 

church notes 42 

Okcorer 313 

Rollefbn 166 

Ruihall 197 

Tticbunr CafUe 1^ 

Wcdnclbory 3^6 

Todr thro* 






V^eft-Grinfliii Chw^ ^i. 
taph III 

Tolft to the lakes, 119 

Nobles and Gentry 96 

InJex t9 the Poetry • 

Three idyls, written at.Aa* 

chor church 39 

Fai rfbrd win^ws 1 1 a 

Den ham's elegy on Judge 

Crooke 17^7 

A dhty of Q. Elizabeth 1^6 

A vifit to Diftke Humphrey's 

tomb 186 

Lord Str^fbrd^B medkationa 

ID the Tower #34 

A& heraldrieal eocM S47 

DeforiptioQ of Lydford^af- 

tle. ' yi%